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Samuel Rutherford 






Samuel Rutherford 


Biographical Sketches of His Correfpondents. 



G L A S O O W. 







He would fend me as a fpy into this wildemefs of fuffering, to fee the land, 
and to try the ford ; and I cannot make a lie of Chrift's crofs ; I can report 
nothing but good both of Him and it." — [Let. 118.] 



189. To John Stuart, Pronjqft of Ayr. — Hope for Scotland — Self- 

fubmimon — Chrift Himfelf fought for by Faith — Stability of 
Salvation — His Ways, . . ..... 1 

190. To the Laird of Carjluth. — Neceflity of making lure of Salvation 

— Vanity of the World — Nothing worth having but Chrift — 
Flight of Time, 4 

191. To the Laird of Cajincarrie. — Earneftnefs about Salvation — 

Chrift Himfelf fought, 7 

192. To Lady Cardonefs. — Grace — The Name of Chrift to be Exalted 

— Everything but God fails us, . . . . .10 

193. To Sibylla Macadam. — Chrift's Beauty and Excellence, . . 12 

194. To Mr Hugh Henderfon, Minifler of Dairy. — The Ways of Pro- 

vidence — Believing Patience, . . . . . .13 

195. To Lady Largirie. — Chrift the Exclufive Object of Love — Pre- 

paration for Death, . . . . . . .16 

196. To Earlflon, the Younger. — Sufferings — Hope of Final Deliver- 

ance — The Believer in Safe Keeping — The Recompenfe 
Marred by Temptations, . . . . . .17 

197. To Mr William Dalgleifh, Minifler of the Gofpel. — Thoughts as 

to God's Arrangements — Winning Souls to be Supremely 
Defired — Longings for Chrift, . . . . .21 

198. To the Laird of Cally. — Spiritual Sloth — Danger of Compro- 

mife — Self, the Root of all Sin — Self-renunciation, . . 22 

199. To John Gordon of Cardonefs, the Younger. — Dangers of Youth 

— Early Deciiion, ....... 26 

200. To Robert Gordon, Bailie of Ayr. — The Mifery of mere Worldly 

Hope — Earneftnefs about Salvation, . . . . 29 



201. To Alexander Gordon of Earlflon. — Chrift's Kingdom to be 

Exalted over all ; and more Pains to be taken to Win farther 

into Him, . . . . . . . . .31 

202. To the Laird of Cally. — Youth a Precious Seafon — Chrift's 

Beauty, ......... 34 

203. To William Gordon, at Kenmure. — Teftimony to Chrift's Worth 

— Marks of Grace in Conviction of Sin and Spiritual Conflict, 37 

204. To Margaret Fullerton. — Chrift, not Creatures, worthy of all 

Love — Love not to be Meafured by Feeling, ... 39 

205. To Lady Kenmure. — Difficulties in the W T ay to the Kingdom 

— Chrift's Love, . . . . . . . .41 

206. To Lady Kenmure. — The Ufe of Sufferings — Fears under them 

— Defire that Chrift be Glorified, 43 

207. To John Henderfon of Rufco. — Practical Hints, . . . 47 

208. To Alexander Col-ville of Blair. — Regrets for not being able to 

Preach — Longings for Chrift, ..... 48 

209. To Mr John Ncvay. — Chrift's Surpaffing Excellency — His Caufe 

in Scotland, . . . . . . . .50 

210. To Lady Boyd. — His Soul Fainting for Chrift's Matchlefs Beauty 

— Prayer for a Revival, . . . . . .51 

211. To a Chriflian Gentlewoman. — God's Skill to Blefs by Affliction 

— Unkindnefs of Men — Near the Day of Meeting the Lord, 54 

212. To William Glendinning. — Search into Chrift's Lovelinefs — 

What he would Suffer to fee it — His Coming to Deliver, . 56 

213. To Robert Lennox of D if dove. — Men's Folly in Undervaluing 

Chrift — It is He that Satisfieth — Admiration of Him, . 59 

214. To Mr James Hamilton, Minifler of the Gofpel. — Suffering for 

Chrift's Headfhip — How Chrift Vifited him in Preaching, . 61 

215. To Miflrefs Stuart. — Perfonal Unworthinefs — Longing after 

Holinefs — Winnowing Time, ..... 65 

216. To Mr Hugh M'Kail, Minifler of Irvine. — Advantages of our 

Wants and Diftempers — Chrift Unfpeakable, . . . 68 

217. To Alexander Gordon of Garloch. — Free Grace finding its Ma- 

terials in us, . . . . . . . .70 

218. To John Bell, Elder. — Danger of Trufting to a Name to Live — 

Converfion no Superficial Work — Exhortation to Make Sure, 72 

219. To Mr John Rozv, Minifler of the Gofpel — Chrift's Croffes better 

than the W r orld's Joys — Chrift Extolled, . . . 75 

220. To Lord Craighall. — Duty of being Difentangled from Chrift- 

difhonouring Compliances, . . . . . .76 

221. To Marion M i Naught. — Her Prayers for Scotland not Forgotten, 7 7 



222. To Lady Culrofs.— Chrift's Way of Showing Himfelf the Beft— 

What Fits for Him — Yeaming after Him infatiably — Do- 
meftic Matters, . . . . . . . .78 

223. To Alexander Gordon of Knockgray. — State of the Church — 

Believers Purified by 4ffl^ on — Folly of feeking Joy in a 
Doomed World, . . . . . . .82 

224. To Fuhvood, the Younger. — Vanity of the World in the Light 

of Death and Chrift— The Prefent Truth— Chrift's Coming, 84 

2 15. To his Parifhioners. — Proteftation of Care for their Souls, and for 
the Glory of God — Delight in his Miniftry, and in his Lord — 
Efforts for their Souls — Warnings againft Errors of the Day 
— Awful Words to the Backflider — Intenfe Admiration of 
Chrift— A Loud Call to All, 86 

226. To Lady Ki/conqubair. — The Interefts of the Soul molt Urgent 

— Folly of the World — Chrift altogether Lovely — His Pen 

fails to fet forth Chrift's Unfpeakable Beauty, ... 95 

227. To Lord Craighall. — Standing for Chrift — Danger from Fear, or 

Promifes of Men — Chrift's Requitals — Sin againft the Holy 
Ghoft, ......... 100 

228. To Mr James Fleming , Mini/ler of the Gofpel. — Glory Gained 

to Chrift— Spiritual Deadnefs— Help to Praife Him— The 
Miniftry, . . . . . . . .103 

229. To Mr Hugh M c Kail y Mini/ler of Irvine.— The Law— This 

World under Chrift's Control for the Believer, . . 107 

230. To Lady Kenmure. — Believer Safe though Tried — Delight in 

Chrift's Truth, ........ 109 

231. To Lord Lindfay of Byres. — The Church's Defolations — The 

End of the W r orld, and Chrift's Coming — His Attraclivenefs, in 

232. To Lord Boyd. — Seeking Chrift in Youth — Its Temptations — 

Chrift's Excellence — The Church's Caufe concerns the Nobles, 115 

233. To Fulk Ellis. — Friends in Ireland — Difficulties in Providence 

— Unfaithfulnefs to Light — Conftant Need of Chrift, . 119 

234. To James Lindfay. — Defertions, their Ufe — Prayers of Repro- 

bates, and how the Gofpel affects their Refponfibility, . 123 

235. To Lord Craighall. — Fear God, not Man — Sign of Backfliding, 127 

236. To Mr James Hamilton , Mini/ler of the Gofpel. — Chrift's Glory 

not affected by His People's Weaknefs, . . . .128 

237. To the Laird of Gaitgirth. — Truth worth Suffering for — Light 

Sown, but Evil in this World till Chrift come, . .129 

238. To Lady Gaitgirth. — Chrift an Example in Bearing CrofTes — The 

Extent to which Children fhould be Loved — Why Saints Die, 131 



239. To Mr Matthew Mowat, Minijier of Kilmarnock. — What am I ? 

— Longing to Acl for Chrift — Unbelief — Love in the Hiding 

of Chrift's Face — Chrift's Reproach, .... 133 

240. To Mr John Meine, Jun. — Chrift the Same — Youthful Sins — 

No Difpenling with Crofles, . . . . . .136 

241. To John Fleming , Bailie of Leith. — Riches of Chrift Fail Not 

— Salvation — Vanity of Created Comforts — Longing for 
more of Chrift, . . . . . . . .137 

242. To Lady Ro-zuallan. — Jefus the Belt Choice, and to be made 

Sure of — The Crofs and Jefus infeparable — Sorrows only 
Temporary, . . . . . . . .138 

243. To Marion M ( Naught. — His own Profpects — Hopes — Salu- 

tations, . . . . . . . . .140 

244. To Marion M i Naught. — Proceedings of Parliament — Private 

Matters — Her Daughter's Marriage, . . . .142 

245. To Lady Boyd. — Imperfections — Yearnings after Chrift — Chrift's 

Supremacy not inconfiftent with Civil Authority, . . 144 

246. To Mr Thomas Garden. — Heaven's Happinefs — Joy in the Crofs, 147 

247. To Janet Kennedy. — The Heavenly Manfions — Earth a Shadow, 148 

248. To Margaret Reid. — Benefits of the Crofs, if we are Chrift's, . 150 

249. To James Bautie. — Spiritual Difficulties Solved, . . .151 

250. To Lady Largirie. — Part with all for Chrift — No Unmixed Joy 

here, . . . . . . . . .158 

251. To Lady Dungueigh. — Jefus or the World — Scotland's Trials 

and Hopes, ........ 159 

252. To Jonet Macculloch. — Cares to be caft on Chrift — Chrift a 

Steady Friend, . . . . . . . 161 

253. To Mr George Gillefpie. — Chrift the True Gain, . . . 162 

254. To Mr Robert Blair. — Perfonal Unworthinefs — God's Grace — 

Prayer for Others, . . . . . . .163 

255. To Lady Carleton. — Submiflion to God's Will — Wonders in the 

Love of Chrift— No Debt to the World, . . .165 

256. To William Rigge of Athernie. — The Law — Grace — Chalking 

out Providences for Ourfelves — Prefcribing to His Love, . 167 

257. To Lady Craighall. — The Comforts of Chrift's Crofs — Defires 

for Chrift, 169 

258. To Lord Loudon. — The Wifdom of adhering to Chrift's Caufe, 171 

259. To Mr David Dickfon. — Danger of Worldly Eafe — Perfonal 

Occurrences, ....... 175 

260. To Alexander Gordon of Earlflon.— All Crofles Well Ordered— 

Providences, • . • • • • • .176 



261. To Lady Kilconquhair. — The Kingdom to be taken by Violence, 179 

262. To Robert Lennox of Difdo<ve. — Increafing Experience of Chrift's 

Love — Salvation to be made Sure, . . . .180 

263. To Marion M'Naught. — Hope in Trial — Prayer and Watchful- 

nefs, . . . . . . . . .182 

264. To Thomas Corbet. — Godly Counfels — Following Chrift, . 183 

265. To Mr George Dunbar y Minijier of the Gofpel. — Chrift's Love in 

Affliction — The Saint's Support and Final Victory, . . 184 

266. To John Fleming , Bailie of Leith. — Comfort Abounding under 

Trials, . . . . . . . . .187 

267. To William Glendinning, Bailie of Kirkcudbright. — The Paft and 

the Future — Prefent Happinefs, . . . . .188 

268. To the Earl of Cafjillis. — Anxiety for the Profperity of Zion — 

Encouragement for the Nobles to Support it — The Vanity of 
this World, and the Folly and Mifery of Forfaking Chrift — 
The One Way to Heaven, . . . . . .189 

269. To his Parifhioners at An<woth. — Exhortation to Abide in the 

Truth, in Profpect of Chrift's Coming — Scriptural Mode of 
Obferving Ordinances fuch as the Sabbath, Family Prayer, 
and the Lord's Supper — Judgments Anticipated, . . 192 

270. To Lady Bujbie. — His Experience of Chrift's Love — State of 

the Land and Church — Chrift not duly Efteemed — Defire 

after Him, and for a Revival, . . . . .196 

271. To Earl/Ion , Younger. — Profperity under the Crofs — Need of 

Sincerity, and being founded on Chrift, . . . .198 

272. To John Gordon. — Chrift all Worthy — This World a Clay 

Prifon — Defire for a Revival of Chrift's Caufe, . . . 199 

273. To William Rigge of Athernie. — Comfort in Trials from the 

Knowledge of Chrift's Power and Work — That will foon be 

over — Corruption — Free Grace, . . . . .201 

274. To James Murray. — The Chriftian Life a Myftery to the World 

— Chrift's Kindnefs, ....... 203 

275. To Mr John Fergufhill. — Spiritual Longings under Chrift's Crofs 

— How to bear it — Chrift Precious, and to be had without 
Money — The Church, ...... 204 

276. To William Glendinning. — Sweetnefs of Trial — Swiftnefs of 

Time — Prevalence of Sin, ...... 208 

277. To Lady Boyd. — Senfe of Unworthinefs — Obligation to Grace — 

Chrift's A bfence — State of the Land, . . . .210 

278. To the Earl of Caffdlis.— Ambition — Chrift's Royal Prerogative 

—Prelacy, 213 



279. To Marion M c Naught. — A Spring-tide of Chrift's Love, . 216 

280. To John Gordon of Rufco. — Heaven Hard to be Won — Many 

Come Short in Attaining — Idol Sins to be Renounced — 
Likenefs to Chrift, . . . . . . .217 

281. To Lord Loudon. — True Honour in maintaining Chrift's Caufe 

— Prelacy — Light of Eternity, . . . . .219 

282. To Lady Robert/and.— Afflictions Purify— The World's Vanity 

— Chrift's Wife Love, . . . . . 222 

28.V To Thomas Macculloch of Nether Jrdauell. — Earneft Call to 

Diligence — Circumfpect Walking, ..... 225 

284. To the Profejfors of Chrijl and His Truth in Ireland. — The 

Way to Heaven ofttimes through Perfecution — Chrift's 
Worth — Making fure our ProfefTion — Self-denial — No com- 
promife — Tefts of Sincerity — His own Defire for Chrift's 
Glory, ......... 226 

285. To Robert Gordon of Knockbrex. — Not the Crofs, but Chrift the 

Object of Attraction — Too little expected from Him — 
Spiritual Deadnefs, ....... 235 

286. To the Parifhioners of Kilmalcolm. — Spiritual Sloth — Advice to 

Beginners — A Dead Miniftry — Languor — Obedience — Want 
of Chrift's Felt Prefence — Affurance Important — Prayer- 
Meetings, ......... 239 

287. To Lady Kenmure. — On the Death of her Child — Chrift Shares 

His People's Sorrows, . . . . . .247 

288. To the Perfecuted Church in Ireland. — Chrift's Legacy of Trouble 

— God's Dealings with Scotland in giving Profperity — Chrift 
takes Half of all Sufferings — Stedfaftnefs for His Crown — His 
Love fhould lead to Holinefs, . . . . .250 

289. To Dr Alexander Leighton. — Public Bleflings alleviate Private 

Sufferings — Trials Light when viewed in the Light of 
Heaven — Chrift worthy of Suffering for, .... 259 

290. To a Perfon unknown. — Anent Private Worfhip, . . . 263 

291. To Henry Stuart, and Family , Prifoners of Chrijl at Dublin. — 

Faith's Preparation for Trial — The World's Rage againft 
Chrift — The Immenfity of His Glorious Beauty — Folly of 
Perfecution — Victory fure, . . . . . .264 

292. To Mrs Pont, Prifoner at Dublin. — Support under Trials — The 

Matter's Reward, 272 

293. To Mr James Wilfon. — Advices to a Doubting Soul — Miftakes 

about his Intereft in God's Love — Temptation — Perplexity 
about Prayer — Want of Feeling, . . . . .275 



294. To Lady Boyd. — Sins of the Land — Dwelling in Chrift — Faith 

awake fees all well, . . . . . . .279 

295. To John Fenwick. — Chrift the Fountain — Freenefs of God's 

Love — Faith to be exercifed under Frowns — Grace for Trials 

— Hope of Chrift yet to be exalted on the Earth, . . 282 

296. To Peter Stirling. — Believer's Graces all from Chrift — Afpiration 

after more Love to Him — His Reign Defired, . . . 288 

297. To Lady Fingajk. — Faith's Mifgivings — Spiritual Darknefs not 

Grace — Chrift's Love Inimitable, ..... 290 

298. To Mr David Dick/on , on the Death of his Son. — God's Sove- 

reignty, and Difcipline by Affliction, . . . .292 

299. To Lady Boyd, on the Lofs of federal Friends. — Truft even though 

Slain — Second Caufes not to be regarded — God's Thoughts 

of Peace therein — All in Mercy, ..... 294 

300. To Agnes Macmath, on the Death of a Child. — Reafon for Re- 

fignation, ......... 298 

301. To Mr Matthew Moauat, Minifler of Kilmarnock. — Worthi- 

nefs of God's Love as manifefted in Chrift — Heaven with 
Chrift, ......... 300 

302. To Lady Kenmure, on her Hujband's Death. — God's Method in 

Affliction — Future Glory, . . . . . .302 

303. To Lady Boyd. — Sin of the Land — Read Prayers — Brownism, 303 

304. To James Murray s Wife. — Heaven a Reality — Stedfaftnefs to 

be grounded on Chrift, . . . . . 305 

305. To Lady Kenmure. — Sins of the Times — Practical Atheifm, . 307 

306. To Mr Thomas Wylie, Minifler of Borgue. — Sufficiency of Divine 

Grace — Call to England to affift at Weftminfter Aflembly — 

Felt Unworthinefs, ....... 308 

307. To a Young Man in Antvoth. — Neceflity of Godlinefs in its 

Power, . . . . . . . . .310 

308. To Lady Kenmure. — Weftminfter Aflembly — Religious Seels, 311 

309. To Lady Boyd. — Proceedings of Weftminfter Aflembly, . . 313 

310. To Miflrefs Taylor , on her Sons Death. — Suggeftions for Comfort 

under Sorrow, . . . . . . . 315 

311. To Barbara Hamilton. — On Death of her Son-in-Law — God's 

Purpofes, . . . . . . . . .319 

312. To Miflrefs Hume, on her Hufb ana" s Death. — God's Voice in the 

Rod, . . . . . . . . .321 

313. To Lady Kenmure. — Chrifts Deiigns in Sicknefs and Sorrow, . 323 

314. To Barbara Hamilton, on her Son-in-Laiv flain in Battle. — God 

does all Things Well, and with Delign, . . . .325 



315. To a Chrijlian Friend ', on the Death of his Wife. — God the Firft 

Cause — The End of Affliction, ..... 327 

316. To a Chrifiian Brother , on the Death of his Daughter. — Confola- 

tion in her having Gone Before — Chrift the Beft Hufband, . 328^ 

317. To a Chrifiian Gentlewoman. — Views of Death and Heaven — 

Afpirations, . . . . . . . 330 

318. To Lady Kenmure. — Chrift Never in our Debt — Riches of Chrift 

— Excellence of the Heavenly State, . . . .334 

319. To Mr James Guthrie. — Profpects for Scotland — His own Dark- 

nefs — Chrift's Ability, ....... 335 

320. To Lady Kenmure. — Trials cannot Injure Saints — BlefTednefs in 

Seeing Chrift, 337 

321. To Lady Ardrofs, in Fife, on her Mother's Death. — Happinefs of 

Heaven, and BlefTednefs of Dying in the Lord, . 339 

322. To M. 0.— Gloomy Profpects for the Backfliding Church— The 

Mifunderftandings of Believers Caufe of Great Grief — The 

Day of Chrift, ........ 341 

323. To Earlflon the Elder.— Chrift's Way of Afflicting the Beft— 

Obligation to Free Grace — Enduring the Crofs, . . 343 

324. To Mr George Gillefpie.—ProfyzS. of Death— Chrift the True 

Support in Death, ....... 345 

325. To Sir James Stewart, Lord Provofl of Edinburgh.— Declining 

Chair in Edinburgh, . . . . . . .347 

326. To Miflrefs Gillefpie, Widow of George Gillefpie.— On the Death of 

a Child — God Afflicts in order to Save us from the World, 348 

327. To the Earl of Balcarras. — Regarding fome Mifunderftandings, 350 

328. To Colonel Gilbert Ker. — Singlenefs of Aim — Judgment in re- 

gard to A dverfaries, . . . . . . .351 

329. To Colonel Gilbert Ker. — Courage in Days of Rebuke — God's 

Arrangements all Wife, . . . . . • 354 

330. To William Guthrie. — Depreffion under Dark Trials — Dangers 

of Compliance, . . . . . . . 356 

331. To Colonel Gilbert Ker. — Courage in the Lord's Caufe — Duty 

in regard to Providence to be obferved — Safety in this, . 358 

33a. To Colonel Gilbert Ker. — Chrift's Caufe deferves Service and 

Suffering from us, . . . . . . .360 

333. To Colonel Gilbert Ker, when taken Prifoner. — Comforting 

Thoughts to the Afflicted — Darknefs of the Times — Fellow- 
ship in Chrift's Sufferings — Satisfaction with His Providences, 363 

334. To Colonel Gilbert Ker.— Comfort under the Cloud hanging 

over Scotland — Difluafion from Leaving Scotland, . .368 



335. To Lady Kenmure. — Difference between what is Man's and 

Chrift's, and between Chrift Himfelf and His Blefiings, . 370 

336. To Lady Raljlon, Urfala Mure. — Duty of Preferring to Live 

rather then Die — Want of Union in the Judgments of the 
Godly, 371 

337. To a Minijler of Glajgow. — Encouraging Words to a Suffering 

Brother — Why Men Shrink from Chrift's Teftimony, . 375 

338. To Lady Kenmure. — A Word to Cheer in Times of Darknefs, 379 

339. To Grizzel Fullerton. — Exhortation to Follow Chrift fully when 

Others are Cold, . . . . . . .380 

340. To Mr Thomas Wylie. — Regarding a Letter of Explanation, . 382 

341. To Lady Kenmure. — Prefent Need Helped by Paft Experience, 383 

342. To Colonel Gilbert <Ker. — Deadnefs — Hopes of Refrefhment — 

Diftance from God — Nearnefs Delighted in, . . 384 

343. To Colonel Gilbert Ker.— The State of the Land, . . .388 

344. To Mr John Scott, at Oxnam. — Excufe for Abfence from Duty, 389 

345. To Lady Kenmure. — Thoughts for a Time of Sicknefs about the 

Life to Come, . . . . . . . .391 

346. To Simeon A/he. — Views of the Prefbyterians as to Allegiance 

to the Protedor, . . . . . . 392 

347. To Lady Kenmure. — Unkindnefs of the Creature — God's Sove- 

reignty in permitting His Children to be Injured by Men, . 393 

348. To Lady Kenmure. — God's Dealings with the Land, . . 394 

349. To Mr John Scott, at Oxnam. — Protefters' Toleration, . . 395 

350. To Mr John Scott, at Oxnam. — Gloomy Times — Means of Pro- 

moting Godlinefs, ....... 395 

351. To Mr James Durham, Minijler at Glafgoqv , fome few days be- 

fore his death- — Man's Ways not God's Ways, . . 396 

352. To Mr John Scott, at Oxnam. — Adherence to the Teftimony 

againft Toleration, . . . . . . • 398 

353. To Lady Kenmure. — Trials — Deadnefs of the Spirit — Danger of 

Falfe Security, . . . . . . . 398 

354. To Lady Kenmure. — Prevailing Declenfion, Decay, and Indif- 

ference to God's Dealings — Things Future, . . . 400 

355. To the Prefbytery of Kirkcudbright. — Union — Humiliation — 

Choice of a Profeffor, ....... 402 

356. To Mr John Murray , Minijler at Methven. — A Synod Propofal 

for Union — Brethren under Cenfure, .... 405 

357. To Mr Guthrie, Mr Trail, and the rejl of their Brethren im- 

prifoned in the Cajlle of Edinburgh. — On Suffering for Chrift — 
God's Prefence ever with His People — FirmnefsandConftancy, 406 




358. To Several Brethren. — Reafons for Petitioning his Majefty after 

his return, and for owning fuch as were cenfured while about 

fo necefiary a Duty, ....... 408 

359. To a Brother Minijler. — Judgment of a Draught of a Petition, 

to have been prefented to the Committee of Eftates, . . 410 

360. To Lady Kenmure, on the Imprifonment of her Brother, the 

Marquis of Argyle. — God's Judgments — Calls to Flee to Him 

— The Refults of timid Compliance, . . . .413 

361. To Miflrefs Craig , upon the Death of her hopeful Son. — Nine 

Reafons for Resignation, . . . . . .415 

36a. To Mr James Guthrie, Minijler of the Gofpel at Stirling. — Sted- 

faft though Perfecuted — BlefTednefs of Martyrdom, . . 417 

363. To Mr Robert Campbell. — Stedfaftnefs to Proteft againft Prelacy 

and Popery, . . . . . . . .419 

364. To Believers at Aberdeen. — Sinful Conformity and Schifmatic 

Defigns Reproved, . . . . . . .421 

365. To Mr John Murray, Minijler at Methven. — Propofal of a 

Seafon of Prayer, . . . . . . .425 

Index of the Chief Places and Individuals referred to in the Letters, 427 

Index of Special Subjeds, ....... 432 

Glofiary, ... . • • 435 

Editions of Rutherford's Letters, 448 



CLXXXIX.— To John Stuart, Provoft of Ayr. [Let. 163.] 


ORTHY SIR, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 
I long for the time when I mall fee the beauty of the 
Lord in His houfe ; and would be as glad of it as of 
any fight on earth, to fee the halt, the blind, and the lame, come 
back to Zion with ^applications,* " Going and weeping, and feeking 
the Lord; afking the way to Zion, with their faces thitherward ;"f 
and to fee the Woman travailing in birth, delivered of the man-child 
of a blefTed reformation. If this land were humbled, I would look 
that our fkies mould clear, and our day dawn again , and ye mould 
then blefs Chrilt, who is content to fave your travel, and to give 
Himfelf to you, in pure ordinances, on this fide of the fea. I know 
the mercy of Chrifl is engaged by promife to Scotland, notwith- 
ftanding He bring wrath, as I fear He will, upon this land. 

I am waiting on for enlargement, and half content that my faith 
bow, if Chrilt, while He bow it, keep it unbroken ; for who goeth 
through a fire without a mark or a fcald ? I fee the Lord making 
ufe of this fire, to fcour His vefTels from their ruft. Oh that my 
will were filent, and " as a child weaned from the breafts !"J But, 

* Jer. xxxi. 8, 9. 

t Jer. 1. 4, 5- 

X Ps. cxxxi. 

2 LETTER CLXXX1X. [1637. 

alas ! who hath a heart that will give Chriil: the laft word in flyt- 
ing, * and will hear and not fpeak again ? Oh ! contentions and 
quarrelousf replies (as a foon-faddledj fpirit, " I do well to be angry, 
even to the death" §) fmell of the ftink of ftrong corruption. O 
blefled foul, that could facrifice his will, and go to heaven, having 
loft his will and made refignation of it to Chriil: ! I would feek no 
more than that Chrift were abfolute King over my will, and that 
my will were a fufFerer in all croffes, without meeting Chriil: with 
fuch a word, "Why is it thus?" I wi(h ftill, that my love had 
but leave to ftand befide beautiful Jefus, and to get the mercy of 
looking to Him, and burning for Him, fuppofe that pofTeffion of 
Him were fufpended, and f rifted || till my Lord fold together the 
leaves and two fides of the little fhepherds' tents of clay. Oh, what 
pain is in longing for Chrift, under an over-clouded and eclipfed 
afTurance ! What is harder than to burn and dwinef with longing 
and deaths of love, and then to have blanks and uninked paper for ** 
afTurance of Chrift in real fruition or pofTefTion ? Oh how fweet 
were one line, or half a letter, of a written afTurance under Chrift's 
own hand ! But this is our exercife daily, that guiltinefs fhall over- 
mist ff and darken afTurance. It is a miracle to believe ; but, for a 
Tinner to believe, is two miracles. But oh, what obligations of love 
are we under to Chrift, who beareth with our wild apprehenfions, 
in fuffering them to nickname fweet Jefus, and to put a lie upon His 
good name ! If He had not been God, and if long-fufTering in 
Chrift were not like Chrift Himfelf, we fhould long ago have broken 
Chrift's mercies in two pieces, and put an iron bar on our falvation, 
that mercy fhould not have been able to break or overleap. But 
long-fuffering in God is God Himfelf ; and that is our falvation ; 
and the inability of our heaven is in God. He knew who faid, 
" Chrift in you the hope of glory "J J (for our hope, and the bottom 

* Scolding. f Difputes and replies that provoke quarrels. 

% Hafty; little time taken to fit on the faddle. § Jonah iv. 9. 
|| Poftponed for a time. ^[ Pine away. ** For ; *>., inftead of. 

ft Rife like a mift over. %% Col. i. 27. 


and pillars of it, is Chrift-God !), that Tinners are anchor-fall:, and 
made ftable in God. So that if God do not change (which is im- 
poffible), then my hope mall not fluctuate. Oh, fweet liability of 
fure-bottomed falvation ! Who could win heaven, if this were not 
fo? and who could be faved, if God were not God, and if He were 
not fuch a God as He is ? Oh, God be thanked that our falvation is 
coafted, and landed, and fhored upon Chrift, who is Mafter of winds 
and ftorms ! And what fea- winds can blow the coaft or the land out 
of its place ? Bulwarks are often caften down, but coaft s are not 
removed : but fuppofe that were or might be, yet God cannot reel 
nor remove. Oh that* we go from this ftrong and immoveable 
Lord, and that we loofen ourfelves (if it were in our power) from 
Him ! Alas, our green and young love hath not taken with Chrift, 
being unacquainted with Him. He is fuch a wide, and broad, and 
deep, and high, and furpaffing fweetnefs, that our love is too little for 
Him. But oh, if our love, little as it is, could take bandf with His 
great and huge fweetnefs, and tranfcendent excellency ! Oh, thrice 
blefTed, and eternally blefled are they, who are out of themfelves, 
and above themfelves, that they may be in love united to Him ! 

I am often rolling up and down the thoughts of my faint and 
fick defires of expreffing Chrift's glory before His people. But I 
fee not through the throng of impediments, and cannot find eyes to 
look higher ; and fo I put many things in Chrift's way to hinder 
Him, that I know He would but laugh at, and with one flride fet 
His foot over them all. I know not if my Lord will bring me to 
His fancliuary or not ; but I know that He hath the placing of me, 
either within or without the houfe, and that nothing will be done 
without Him. But I am often thinking and faying within myfelf, 
that my days flee away, and I fee no good, neither yet Chrift's work 
thriving ; and it is like % that the grave mail prevent the anfwer of 
my defires of faving fouls as I would. But, alas ! I cannot make 
right work of His ways ; I neither fpell nor read my Lord's provi- 
dence aright. My thoughts go away that I fear they meet not 

* Alas. f Unite with; q. d., bind in with. % Likely, probable. 

LETTER CXC. [1637. 

God •, for it is likely that God will not come the way of my 
thoughts. And I cannot be taught to crucify to Him my wifdom 
and defires, and to make Him King over my thoughts ; for I would 
have a princedom over my thoughts, and would boldly and blindly 
prefcribe to God, and guide myfelf in a way of my own making. 
But I hold my peace here ; let Him do His will. 
Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweeteft Lord and Mafter, 
Aberdeen, 1637. S. R. 

CXC— To Carsluth (Kirkmabreck). 

[The name of the perfon to whom this letter is addreflTed, was Robert 
Brown of Carfluth. He was a man of confiderable property in the part of the 
country where Rutherford's lot was caft previous to his imprifonment. He 
mull have died about the beginning of the year 1658, as on the 27th of April, 
that year, Thomas Brown of Carfluth is retoured heir of Robert Brown of 
Carfluth, his father, in the 7 merkland of Carfluth, etc. (Jnq. Retor. Abbrcv. 
Kirkcud.) Brown of Carfluth was an ancient family. 

Going along the more of Wigtown Bay, toward Creetown, you fee the old 
tower-like houfe, with a modern farm, well wooded. It is near the modern 
refidence of Kirkdale.] 


UCH HONOURED SIR —I long to hear how your 
foul profpereth. I earneftly defire you to try how 
matters ftand between your foul and the Lord. Think 
it no eafy matter to take heaven by violence. Salvation cometh now 
to the moft part of men in a night-dream. There is no fcarcity of 
faith now, fuch as it is ; for ye mail not now light upon the man 
who will not fay he hath faith in Chrift. But, alas ! dreams make 
no man's rights. 

Worthy Sir, I befeech you in the Lord to give your foul no reft 
till ye have real aiTurance, and Chrift's rights confirmed and fealed to 
your foul. The common faith, and country-holinefs, and week-day 

1637.] LETTER CXC. 

zeal, that is among people, will never bring men to heaven. Take 
pains for your falvation j for in that day, when ye mail fee many 
men's labours and conquefts * and idol-riches lying in allies, when 
the earth and all the works thereof fhall be burnt with fire, oh how 
dear a price would your foul give for God's favour in Chrift ! It 
is a blefled thing to fee Chrift. with up-fun,f and to read over your 
papers and foul-accounts with fair day-light. It will not be time to 
cry for a lamp when the Bridegroom is entered into His chamber, 
and the door fhut. Fy, fy upon blinded and debafed fouls, who 
are committing whoredom with this idol-clay, and hunting a poor, 
wretched, hungry heaven, a hungry breakfaft, a day's meat from 
this hungry world, with the forfeiting of God's favour, and the 
drinking over their heaven [over the board, % as men ufed to fpeak), 
for the laughter and (ports of this fhort forenoon ! All that is 
under this vault of heaven, and betwixt us and death, and on this 
fide of fun and moon, is but toys, night-vifions, head-fancies, poor 
ihadows, watery froth, godlefs vanities at their beft, and black hearts, 
and fait and four miferies, fugared over and confe&ed with an hour's 
laughter or two, and the conceit of riches, honour, vain, vain court, 
and lawlefs pleafures. Sir, if ye look both to the laughing fide and 
to the weeping fide of this world, and if ye look not only upon the 
fkin and colour of things, but into their inwards, and the heart of 
their excellency, ye fhall fee that one look of Chrift's fweet and 
lovely eye, one kifs of His faireft face, is worth ten thoufand worlds 
of fuch rotten fluff, as the foolifh fons of men fet their hearts upon. 
Oh, Sir, turn, turn your heart to the other fide of things, and get 
it once free of thefe entanglements, to confider eternity, death, the 
clay bed, the grave, awfome § judgment, everlafting burning quick 
in hell, where death would give as great a price (if there were a 

* Not our common word for viffories, but (t acquiiitions," made by in- 
duftry or purchafe. 

f The fun above the horizon. 

£ Formally renounce ; as the feller did when he handed the goods to the 
purchafer, and drank good luck to him. The exprefiion is a proverbial one. 

$ Awful. 

LETTER CXC. [1637. 

market, wherein death might be bought and fold) as all the world. 
Confider heaven and glory. But, alas ! why fpeak I of confider- 
ing thofe things, which have not entered into the heart of man to 
confider ? Look into thofe depths (without a bottom) of lovelinefs, 
fweetnefs, beauty, excellency, glory, goodnefs, grace, and mercy, 
that are in Chrift ; and ye fhall then cry down the whole world, 
and all the glory of it, even when it is come to the fummer-bloom j 
and ye mail cry, " Up with Chrift, up with Chrift's Father, up 
with eternity of glory ! " Sir, there is a great deal lefs fand in your 
glafs than when I faw you, and your afternoon is nearer even-tide 
now than it was. As a flood carried back to the fea, fo doth the 
Lord's fwift poll:, Time, carry you and your life with wings to the 
grave. Ye eat and drink, but time ftandeth not ftill ; ye laugh, 
but your day fleeth away ; ye deep, but your hours are reckoned 
and put by hand.* Oh how foon will time fhut you out of the 
poor, and cold, and hungry inn of this life ! And then what will 
yefterday's fhort-born pleafures do to you, but be as a fnow-ball 
melted away many years fince ? Or worfe ! for the memory of 
thefe pleafures ufeth to fill the foul with bitternefs. Time and ex- 
perience will prove this to be true ; and dying men, if they could 
fpeak, would make this good. Lay no more on the creatures than 
they are able to carry. Lay your foul and your weights upon God. 
Make Him your only, only Beft-beloved. Your errand to this life 
is to make fure an eternity of glory to your foul, and to match your 
foul with Chrift. Your love, if it were more than all the love of 
angels in one, is Chrift's due : other things worthy in themfelves, in 
refpect of Chrift, are not worth a windleftraw, f or a drink of cold 
water. I doubt not but in death ye fhall fee all things more dis- 
tinctly, and that then the world fhall bear no more bulk than it is 
worth, and that then it fhall couch and be contracted into nothing ; 
and ye fhall fee Chrift longer, higher, broader, and deeper than 
ever He was. Oh bleiTed conqueft,J to lofe all things, and to gain 
Chrift ! I know not what ye have, if ye want Chrift ! Alas ! how 

Put afide as finifhed. f Withered ftalk of graft. \ Acquifitiori. 


poor is your gain, if the earth were all yours in free heritage, hold- 
ing it of no man of clay, if Chrift be not yours ! Oh, feek all 
midfes,* lay all oars in the water, put forth all your power, and 
bend all your endeavours, to put away and part with all things, 
that ye may gain and enjoy Chrift. Try and fearch His word, and 
ftrive to go a ftep above and beyond ordinary profefTbrs ; and re- 
folve to fweat more and run fafter than they do, for falvation. Men's 
midway, f cold, and wife courfes in godlinefs, and their neighbour- 
like, cold, and wife pace to heaven, will caufe many a man to want 
his lodging at night, and to lie in the fields. I recommend Chrift 
and His love to your feeking ; and yourfelf to the tender mercy and 
rich grace of our Lord. 

Remember my love in Chrift to your wife. I defire her to 
learn to make her foul's anchor faft upon Chrift Himfelf. Few are 
laved. Let her conilder what joy the fmiles of God in Chrift will 
be, and what the love-kiftes of fweet, fweet Jefus, and a welcome 
home to the New Jerufalem from Chrift's own mouth will be to 
her foul, when Chrift will fold together the clay tent of her body, 
and lay it by His hand J for a time, till the fair morning of the 
general refurreclion. I avouch before God, man, and angel, that 
I have not feen, nor can imagine a lover to be comparable to lovely 
Jefus. I would not exchange or niffer§ Him with ten heavens. If 
heaven could be without Him, what could we do there ? Grace, 
grace be with you. 

Your foul's eternal well-wiiher, q n 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CXCL — To Cassincarrie. 

[The manfion of Caffincarrie is a mile from Creetown. It (lands near the 
road, juft after you pafs the ftone quarries that help to fupply Liverpool. It 
is fo directly oppofite Wigtown, that from the windows we might fuppofe the 
godly proprietor looking acrofs, and praying for the martyrs Margaret Wilfon 

* Means. f Half and half, undecided. 

I Lay alidc, as having anfwered its end. § Barter. 



and Margaret M'Lachlan, in 1685.* This correfpondent of Rutherford was 
probably the fon of John Mure of Caffincarrie, who was the fecond fon of 
John Mure of Rowallan. Had he been John Mure of Caffincarrie, elder, he 
would now have been on the borders of ninety years of age, as his eldeft 
brother, William Mure of Rowallan, died in 1616, aged 69; and in that 
cafe, Rutherford would doubtlefs have enforced his folemn admonitions by 
pointed allufions to his advanced period of life. His fon, therefore, is very 
likely the perfon to whom this letter is addrefled. — Robert/on s Ayrjhire 
Families , vol. iii. p. 361.] 


UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. I have been too long in writing to you. I 
am confident that ye have learned to prize Chrift, and 
His love and favour, more than ordinary profeffors, who fcarce fee 
Chrift with half an eye, becaufe their fight is taken up with eyeing 
and liking the beauty of this over-gilded world, that promifeth fair 
to all its lovers, but in the pufh of a trial, when need is, can give 
nothing but a fair beguile. 

I know that ye are not ignorant that men come not to this 
world, as fome do to a market, to fee and to be feen ; or as fome 
come to behold a May-game, and only to behold, and to go home 
again. Ye come hither to treat with God, and to tryft-j- with Him 
in His Chrift for falvation to your foul, and to feek reconciliation 
with an angry, wrathful God, in a covenant of peace made to you 
in Chrift ; and this is more than ordinary fport, or the play that the 
greateft part of the world give their heart unto. And, therefore, 
worthy fir, I pray you, by the falvation of your foul, and by the 
mercy of God, and your compearance J before Chrift:, do this in 
fad earneft, and let not falvation be your by-work, § or your holy- 
day's tafk only, or a work by the way. For men think that this 
may be done on three days' fpace on a feather bed, when death 

* The exact hiftorical truth of thefe two martyrdoms is attefted beyond 
denial by the full record, entered, a few years after, on the Minutes of the 
Kirk Seffion of Penningham, with which the martyrs were connected. 

f Appoint a meeting. J Appearance in obedience to citation. 

§ Done at leifure moments onlv. 


and they are fallen in hands together, and that with a word or two 
they fhall make their foul-matters right. Alas ! this is to fit loofe 
and unfure in the matters of our falvation. Nay, the feeking of 
this world, and of the glory of it, is but an odd and by-errand # that 
we may Hip, fo being we make falvation fure. Oh, when will men 
learn to be thatf heavenly- wife as to divorce from and free their 
foul of all idol-lovers, and make Chrift the only, only One, and 
trim and make ready their lamps, while they have ; time and day ! 
How foon will this houfe fkail,J and the inn, where the poor foul 
lodgeth, fall to the earth ! How foon will fome few years pafs 
away ! and then, when the day is ended, and this life's leafe expired, 
what have men of world's glory but dreams and thoughts ? Oh 
how bleffed a thing is it to labour for Chrift, and to make Him 
fure ! Know and try in time your holding of Him, and the rights § 
and charters of heaven, and upon what terms ye have Chrift and 
the Gofpel, and what Chrift is worth in your eftimation, and how 
lightly ye efteem other things, and how dearly Chrift ! I am fure, 
that if ye fee Him in His beauty and glory, ye fhall fee Him to be 
all things, and that incomparable jewel of gold that ye fhould feek, 
howbeit ye fhould fell, wadfet, || and forfeit your few years' portion 
of this life's joys. O happy foul for evermore, who can rightly 
compare this life with that long-lafting life to come, and can balance 
the weighty glory of the one with the light golden vanity of the 
other ! The day of the Lord is now near-hand, f and all men 
fhall come out in their blacks and whites, as they are ; there fhall 
be no borrowed lying colours in that day, when Chrift fhall be 
called Chrift, and no longer nicknamed. Now men borrow 
Chrift and His white colour, and the luftre** and fardingff of 
Chriftianity ; but how many counterfeit mafks will be burned, in 
the day of God, in the fire that fhall burn the earth and the works 
that are on it ? And howbeit Chrift have the hardeft part of it 

* An errand undertaken as of little importance, and as a matter that might 
be attended to at any time. 

f So really. % Difperfe. § Title-deeds. || Pledge away. 

1" Near at hand. ** The factitious decoration. ff- Painted on difguife. 

io LETTER CXCIL [1637. 

now, yet in the prefence of my Lord, whom I ferve in the fpirit, I 

would not nifFer* or exchange Chrifl's prifon, bonds, and chains, 

with the gold chains and lordly rents, and fmiling and happy-likef 

heavens of the men of this world. I am far from thoughts of 

repenting becaufe of my lofTes and bonds for Chrift.. I wifh. that 

all my adverfaries were as I am, except my bonds. Worthy, worthy, 

worthy for evermore is Chrift., for whom we mould fuffer pains 

like hell's pain j far more the fhort hell that the faints of God have 

in this life. Sir, I wifh that your foul may be more acquainted 

with the fweetnefs of Chrift. Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours in his only Lord and Mafter, 

Aberdeen, 1637. S. R. 


CXCII. — To the Lady Cardoness. 


'ISTRESS, — I befeech you in the Lord Jefus to make 
every day more and more of Chrift ; and try your 
growth in the grace of God, and what new ground ye 
win J daily on corruption. For travellers are day by day either 
advancing farther on, and nearer home, or elfe they go not right 
about to compais their journey. 

I think ftill the better and better of Chrift. Alas ! I know not 
where to fet Him, I would fo fain have Him high ! I cannot fet 
heavens above heavens till I were tired with numbering, and fet 
Him upon the higheft. ftep and ftorey of the higheft of them all ; 
but I wifh I could make Him great through the world, fuppofe my 
lofs, and pain, and fhame were fet under the foles of His feet, that 
He might ftand upon me. 

I requeft that you faint not ; becaufe this world and ye are at 
yea and nay, and becaufe this is not a home that laugheth upon 

* Barter. t Happy only in appearance. 

J What new advantage ye gain over. 

1637.] LETTER CXCII. 11 

you. The wife Lord, who knoweth you, will have it fo, becaufe 
He cafteth a net for your love, to catch it and gather it in to Him- 
felf. Therefore, bear patiently the lofs of children, and burdens, 
and other difcontentments, either within or without the houfe : your 
Lord in them is feeking you, and feek ye Him. Let none be your 
love and choice, and the flower of your delights, but your Lord 
Jefus. Set not your heart upon the world, fince God hath not made 
it your portion ; for it will not fall to you to get two portions, and to 
rejoice twice, and to be happy twice, and to have an upper heaven, 
and an under heaven too. Chrifr. our Lord, and His faints, were not 
fo ; and, therefore, let go your grip of this life, and of the good things 
of it : I hope that your heaven groweth not hereaway. * Learn 
daily both to poffefs and mifs Chrift, in his fecret bridegroom-fmiles. 
He mull: go and come, becaufe His infinite wifdom thinketh it beff. 
for you. We fhall be together one day. We mall not need to 
borrow light from fun, moon, or candle. There mail be no com- 
plaints on either fide, in heaven. There fhall be none there, but He 
and we, the Bridegroom and the bride ; devils, temptations, trials, 
defertions, lofles, fad hearts, pain, and death, mail be all put out of 
play ; and the devil muff give up his office of tempting. Oh, 
blefTed is the foul whofe hope hath a face looking ftraight out to that 
day. It is not our part to make a treafure here ; anything, under 
the covering of heaven, which we can build upon, is but ill ground 
and a fandy foundation. Every good thing, except God, wanteth 
a bottom, and cannot ftand its lone ;f how then can it bear the 
weight of us ? Let us not lay a load on a windleftraw.J There 
fhall nothing find § my weight, or found my happinefs, but God. 
I know that all created power would fink under me, if I fhould lean 
down upon it ; and, therefore, it is better to reft on God, than to 
fink or fall ; and we weak fouls muff have a bottom and a being- 
place, || for we cannot ftand our lone.f Let us then be wife in our 

* In this quarter, f By itfelf , uniupported. % Withered ftalk of grafs. § Feel. 
|| A building place? Probably the M.S. word was " bigging," which is the 
Scottifh " building." 

12 LETTER CXCIII. [1637. 

choice, and choofe and wale* our own blefTednefs, which is to trufl 
in the Lord. Each one of us hath a whore and idol, befides our 
Hufband Chrifl ; but it is our folly to divide our narrow and little 
love ; it will not ferve two. It is befl then to hold it whole and 
together, and to give it to Chrift , for we get double interefl for 
our love, when we lend it to, and lay it out upon Chrifl ; and we 
are fure, befides, that the flock cannot perifh. 

Now I can fay no more. Remember me. I have God's right to 
that people ; howbeit by the violence of men, flronger than I, I am 
banifhed from you, and chafed away. The Lord give you mercy in 
the day of Chrift. It may be that God will clear my fky again ; how- 
beit there is fmall appearance of my deliverance. But let Him do 
with me what feemeth good in His own eyes. I am His clay ; let my 
Potter frame and fafhion me as He pleafeth. Grace be with you. 

Your lawful and loving paflor, ^ ™ 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CXCIII. — To Sibylla Macadam. [See notice, Let. 141.] 
ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. I can 


bear witnefs in my bonds, that Chrift is flill the longer 
the better ; and no worfe, yea, inconceivably better 
than He is (or can be) called. I think it half a heaven to have my 
fill of the fmell of His fweet breath, and to fleep in the arms of 
Chrifl my Lord, with His left hand under my head and His right 
hand embracing me. There is no great reckoning to be made of 
the withering of my flower, in comparifon of the foul and mani- 
fefl wrongs done to Chrifl. Nay, let never the dew of God lie 
upon my branches again, let the bloom f fall from my joy, and 
let it wither, let the Almighty blow out my candle, fo being the 
Lord might be great among Jews and Gentiles, and His opprefTed 
Church delivered. Let Chrifl fare well, fuppose I mould eat afhes. 

* Seled carefully. t The bloflbm of the flower. 

1637.] LETTER CXCIV. 13 

I know that He muft be fweet Himfelf, when His crofs is fo fweet. 
And it is the part of us all, if we marry Himfelf, to marry the 
crofles, loffes, and reproaches alfo, that follow Him. For mercy 
followeth ChriiVs crofs. His prifon, for beauty, is made of marble 
and ivory ; His chains, that are laid on His prifoners, are golden 
chains ; and the fighs of the prifoners of hope are perfumed with 
comforts, the like whereof cannot be bred or found on this fide of 
fun and moon. Follow on after His love ; tire not of Chrift, but 
come in, and fee His beauty and excellency, and feed your foul upon 
ChriiVs fweetnefs. This world is not yours, neither would I have 
your heaven made of fuch metal as mire and clay. Ye have the 
choice and wale* of all lovers in heaven or out of heaven, when ye 
have Chrift, the only delight of God His Father. Climb up the 
mountain with joy, and faint not ; for time will cut off the men who 
purfue ChrifVs followers. Our beft things here have a worm in 
them ; our joys, befides God, in the inner half are but woes and 
forrows : Chrift, Chrift is that which our love and defires can 
fleep fweetly and reft fafely upon. 

Now the very God of peace eftablifh you in Chrift. Help a 
prifoner with your prayers, and entreat that our Lord would be 
pleafed to vifit me with a fight of His beauty in His houfe, as He 
has fometimes done. Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CXCIV. — To Mr Hugh Henderson, Minifier of Dairy, Ayrfhire. 


but the wind may turn into the weft again, upon Chrift 
and His defolate bride in this land ■, and that Chrift 
may get His fummer by courfe again ? For He hath had ill-weather 

* Beft feledion. 

14 LETTER CXCiV. [1637. 

this long time, and could not find law or juftice for Himfelf and 
His truth thefe many years. I am fure the wheels of this crazed 
and broken kirk run all upon no other axle-tree, nor is there any 
other to roll them, and cog* them, and drive them, than the wifdom 
and good pleafure of our Lord. And it were a juft trick and glo- 
rious of never-fleeping Providence, to bring our brethren's darts, 
which they have mot at us, back upon their own heads. Suppofe 
they have two firings to their bow, and can take one as another 
faileth them, yet there are more than three ft rings upon our Lord's 
bow ; and, befides, He cannot mils the whitef that He fhooteth 
at. I know that He fhuffleth up and down in His hand the great 
body of heaven and earth ; and that kirk and commonwealth are, 
in His hand, like a ftock of cards, % and that He dealeth the play to 
the mourners of Zion, and to thofe that fay, " Lie down, that we 
may go over you," at His own fovereign pleafure : and I am fure 
that Zion's adverfaries, in this play, mail not take up their own 
ftakes again. Oh how fweet a thing is it to trufr. in Him ! When 
Chrifr. hath fleeped out His fleep (if I may fpeak fo of Him who is 
the Watchman of Ifrael, that neither flumbereth nor fleepeth), and 
His own are tried, He will arife as a ftrong man after wine, and 
make bare His holy arm, and put on vengeance as a cloak, and deal 
vengeance, thick and double, amongit the haters of Zion. It may be 
that we may fee Him fow and fend down maledictions and ven- 
geances as thick as drops of rain or hail upon His enemies ; for 
our Lord oweth them a black day, and He ufeth duly to pay His 
debts. Neither His friends and followers, nor His foes and ad- 
verfaries fhall have it to fay, " That He is not faithful and exact, 
in keeping His word." 

I know of no bar in God's way but Scotland's guiltinefs ; and 
He can come over that impediment, and break that bar alfo, and 
then fay to guilty Scotland, as He faid, " Not for your fakes," § &c. 

* To put a piece of wood wedge-wife between a wheel and the ground, 
to prevent it moving. 

f The mark, or bull's-eye. J Pack of cards. § Ezek. xxxvi. 22, 2;,. 

1637.] LETTER CXC1V. 15 

On-waiting had ever yet a blefTed ifTue ; and to keep the word of 
God's patience, keepeth ftill the faints dry in the water, cold in the 
fire, and breathing and blood-hot in the grave. What are prifons 
of iron walls, and gates of brafs, to Chrift ? Not fo good as fail 
dykes,* fortifications of ftraw, or old tottering walls. If He give 
the word, then chains will fall off the arms and legs of His prilbners. 
God be thanked, that our Lord Jefus hath the tutoring of king, 
and court, and nobles ; and that He can dry the gutters f and the 
mires in Zion, and lay caufeways to the temple with the carcafes of 
baftard lord-prelates and idol fhepherds. The corn on the houfe- 
tops got never the hufbandman's prayers, and fo is feenj on it, for 
it filleth not the hand of mowers. Chrift, and truth, and innocency, 
worketh even under the earth ; and verily there is hope for the 
righteous. We fee not what conclufions pafs in heaven anent § all 
the affairs of God's houfe. We need not give hire to God to take 
vengeance of His enemies, for juftice worketh without hire. Oh 
that the feed of hope would grow again, and come to maturity ! and 
that we would importune Chrift, and double our knocks at His 
gate, and caft our cries and fhouts over the wall, that He might 
come out, and make our Jerufalem the praife of the whole earth, 
and give us falvation for walls and bulwarks ! If Chrift bud, and 
grow green, and bloom, || and bear feed again in Scotland, and His 
Father fend Him two fummers in one year, and blefs His crop, 
what caufe have we to rejoice in the free falvation of our Lord, and 
to fet up our banners in the name of our God ! Oh that He would 
haften the confufion of the leprous ftrumpet, the mother and mis- 
trefs of abominations in the earth, and take graven images out of 
the way, and come in with the Jews in troops, and agree with His 
old outcaft and forfaken wife, and take them again to His bed of 
love. Grace be with you. 

Yours, in our Mafter and Lord, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

* Turf walls ; a fail is a turf. f Pools of dirt. 

t Is left there unreaped ; Ps. cxxix. 8. § Concerning. || Bloflbm. 

LETTER CXCV. [1637. 

CXCV. — To the Lady Largirie. 

[She was wife of the proprietor of Caftermadie, in the Stewartry of Kirk- 
cudbright. The place was called alfo Largero, or Largerie, in the parifh of 
Twynholm, near Kirkcudbright.] 



ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. I 
exhort you in the Lord, to go on in your journey to 
heaven ; and to be content with fuch fare by the way as 
Chrift and His followers have had before you •, for they had always 
the wind on their faces ; and our Lord hath not changed the way 
to us for our eafe, but will have us following our fweet Guide. 
Alas, how doth fin clog us in our journey, and retard us ! What 
fools are we, to have a by-good, * or any other love, or match, to 
our fouls, befide Chrift ! It were bell: for us, like ill bairns, who 
are belt heard f at home, to feek our own home, and to fell our 
hopes of this little clay inn and idol of the earth, where we are 
neither well fummered nor well wintered. Oh that our fouls would 
fo fall at odds with the love of this world, as to think of it as a 
traveller doth of a drink of water, which is not any part of his 
treafure, but goeth away with the ufing ! for ten miles' journey 
maketh that drink to him as nothing. Oh that we had as foon 
done with this world, and could as quickly defpatch the love of it ! 
But as a child cannot hold two apples in his little hand, but the one 
putteth the other out of its room, fo neither can we be matters and 
lords of two loves. BlefTed were we, if we could make ourfelves 
matter of that invaluable treafure, the love of Chrift ; or rather 
fuffer ourfelves to be mattered and fubdued to Chritt's love, fo as 
Chritt were our " all things," and all other things our nothings, and 

* An objecl: which we refort to in addition to Chrift. 
t A ScottHh phrafe for " beft ferved;" the word "to hear" being ufed 
for " to attend to, or treat." See Jamie/on s D'tft. 

1637.] LETTER CXCVL 17 

the refufe of our delights. Oh let us be ready for fhipping, againlt 
the time our Lord's wind and tide call for us ! Death is the laft 
thief, that will come without din or noife of feet, and take our fouls 
away, and we mall take our leave of time, and face eternity ; and 
our Lord will lay together the two fides of this earthly tabernacle, 
and fold us, and lay us by, as a man layeth by* clothes at night, 
and put the one half of us in a houfe of clay, the dark grave, and 
the other half of us in heaven or hell. Seek to be found of your 
Lord in peace, and gather in your flitting,f and put your foul in 
order; for Chrift will not give a nail-breadth of time to our little 

Pray for Zion, and for me, His prifoner, that He would be 
pleafed to bring me amongft you again, full of Chrift, and fraughted % 
and loaden with the bleffing of His Gofpel. 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his only Lord and Mafter, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

CXCVI. — To Earlston, the Younger. 


LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I 
long to hear from you. I remain ftill a prifoner of 
hope, and do think it fervice to the Lord to wait on ftill with fub- 
miffion, till the Lord's morning fky break, and His fummer day 

* Lay afide. 

f Furniture removed from a houfe when the tenant removes. 

% Freighted. 


1 8 LETTER CXCVL [1637. 

dawn. For I am perfuaded that it is a piece of the chief errand of 
our life (which God fent us for, fome years, down to this earth, 
among devils and men, the firebrands of the devil, and temptations), 
that we might fufTer for a time here amongfr. our enemies ; otherwife 
He might have made heaven to wait on us, at our coming out of the 
womb, and have carried us home to our country, without letting us 
fet down our feet in this knotty and thorny life. But feeing a piece 
of fuffering is carved to every one of us, lefs or more, as infinite 
Wifdom hath thought good, our part is to harden and habituate our 
foft and thin-fkinned nature to endure fire and water, devils, lions, 
men, lofTes, wo* hearts, as thofe that are looked upon by God, 
angels, men, and devils. Oh, what folly is it, to fit down and 
weep upon a decree of God, that is both deaf and dumb to our 
tears, and muft ftand fiill as unmoveable as God who made it ! For 
who can come behind our Lord, to alter or better what He hath 
decreed and done ? It were better to make windows in our prifon, 
and to look out to God and our country, heaven, and to cry like 
fettered men who long for the King's free air, " Lord, let Thy 
kingdom come ! Oh, let the Bridegroom come ! And, O day, 
O fair day, O everlafiing fummer day, dawn and fhine out, break 
out from under the black night fky, and fhine ! " I am perfuaded 
that, if every day a little ftone in the prifon-walls were broken, and 
thereby aflurance given to the chained prifoner, lying under twenty 
ftone of irons upon arms and legs, that at length his chain fhould 
wear into two pieces, and a hole fhould be made at length as wide 
as he might come fafely over to his long-defired liberty ; he would, 
in patience, wait on, till time mould holef the prifon-wall and 
break his chains. The Lord's hopeful prifoners, under their trials, 
are in that cafe. Years and months will take out, now one little 
ftone, then another, of this houfe of clay ; and at length time fhall 
win J out the breadth of a fair door, and fend out the imprifoned 
foul to the free air in heaven. And time fhall file off, by little and 
little, our iron bolts which are now on legs and arms, and outdate 

* Grieved, woeful. t Pierce through, make a hole. Let. 177. % Get. 

637.] LETTER CXCVL 19 

and wear our troubles threadbare and holey,* and then wear them 
to nothing ; for what I fufFered yefterday, I know, fhall never 
come again to trouble me. 

Oh that we could breathe out new hope, and new fubmiilion 
every day, into Chrift's lap ! For, certainly, a weight of glory well 
weighed, yea, increafing to a far more exceeding and eternal weight, 
fhall recompenfe both weight and length of light, and clipped, and 
fhort-datedf crofTes. Our waters are but ebb,J and come neither 
to our chin, nor to the flopping of our breath. I may fee (if I 
would borrow eyes from Chrift) dry land, and that near. Why 
then mould we not laugh at adverfity, and fcorn our fhort-born 
and foon-dying temptations ? I rejoice in the hope of that glory to 
be revealed, for it is no uncertain glory which we look for. 
Our hope is not hung upon fuch an untwifted thread as, "I 
imagine fo," or "It is likely ;" but the cable, the ftrong towe§ of 
our faftened anchor, is the oath and promife of Him who is eternal 
verity. Our falvation is faftened with God's own hand, and with 
Chrift's own ftrength, to the ftrong ftoup || of God's unchangeable 
nature, "lam the Lord, I change not ; therefore ye fons of Jacob 
are not confumed."f We may play, and dance, and leap upon 
our worthy and immoveable Rock. The ground is fure and good, 
and will bide** hell's brangling,ff and devils' brangling, f f and 
the world's aiTaults. 

Oh, if our faith could ride it out againft the high and proud 
waves and winds, when our fea feemeth to be all on fire ! Oh, 
how oft do I let my grips J J go ! I am put to fwimming and half 
finking. I find that the devil hath the advantage of the ground in 
this battle ; for he fighteth on known ground, in our corrupt 
nature. Alas ! that is a friend near of kin and blood to himfelf, 
and will not fail to fall foul upon us. And hence it is, that He 
who faveth to the uttermoft, and leadeth many fons to glory, is ftill 

* Full of holes. f That laft fo fhort a time. t Shallow. 

§ Rope, hawfen || Pillar of wood, or port. ^ Mai. iii. 6. 

** Endure. ft Shaking to and fro. %i Firm hold. 

20 LETTER CXCVL [1637. 

righting* my falvation ; and twenty times a-day I ravelf my heaven, 
and then I muft come with my ill-ravelled \ work to Chrift, to 
cumber Him (as it were) to right it, and to feek again the right end 
of the thread, and to fold up again my eternal glory with His own 
hand, and to give a right caft of His holy and gracious hand to 
my marred and fpilled § falvation. Certainly it is a cumberfome || 
thing to keep a foolifh child from falls, and broken brows, and 
weeping for this and that toy, and rafh running, and ficknefs, and 
bairns' difeafes ; ere he win % through them all, and win out of 
the mires, he cofteth meikle black cumber** and fafhery f-|- to his 
keepers. And fo is a believer a cumberfome piece of work, and an 
ill-ravelled hefpJJ (as we ufe to fay), to Chrift. But God be 
thanked •, for many fpilled § falvations, and many ill-ravelled 
hefps hath Chrift mended, fince firft He entered Tutor to loft 
mankind. Oh, what could we bairns do without Him ! How 
foon would we mar all ! But the lefs of our weight be upon our 
own feeble legs, and the more that we be on Chrift the ftrong 
Rock, the better for us. It is good for us that ever Chrift took 
the cumber of us ; it is our heaven to lay many weights and 
burdens upon Chrift, and to make Him all we have, root and top, 
beginning and ending of our falvation. Lord, hold us here. 

Now to this Tutor, and rich Lord, I recommend you. Hold 
faft till He come ; and remember His prifoner. 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his and your Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

* Putting right. f Put into diforder, like one twilling threads confufedly. 
X Sadly entangled. § Spoiled. || Troublefome. f Get. 

** Much fad trouble. tf The trouble of attending to details. 

XX Hank of yarn. 

1637.] LETTER CXCVIL 21 

CXCVIL— To Mr William Dalgleish. [Let. 1 17.] 


and peace be to you. — I received your letter. I blefs 
our high and only wife Lord, who hath broken the 
mare that men had laid for you ; and I hope that now He will 
keep you in His houfe, in defpite of the powers of hell. Who 
knoweth, but the ftreets of our Jerufalem mall yet be filled with 
young men, and with old men, and boys, and women with child ? 
and that they fhall plant vines in the mountains of Samaria ? I am 
lure that the wheels, paces, # and motions of this poor Church are 
tempered and ruled, not as men would, but according to the good 
pleafure and infinite wifdom of our only wife Lord. 

I am here, waiting in hope that my innocency, in this honourable 
caufe, fhall melt this cloud that men have caften over me. I know 
that my Lord had His own quarrels againfl: me, and that my drofs 
ftood in need of this hot furnace ; but I rejoice in this, that fair 
truth, beautiful truth (whofe glory my Lord cleareth to me more 
and more), beareth me company; that my weak aims to honour 
my Mafter, in bringing guefts to His houfe, now fwell upon me in 
comforts ; that I am not afraid to want a witnefs in heaven ; and that 
it was my joy to have a crown put upon Chrift's head in that country. 
Oh, what joy would I have, to fee the wind turn upon the enemies 
of the crofs of Chrift, and to fee my Lord Jefus reftored, with the 
voice of praife, to His own free throne again ! and to be brought 
amongft you, to fee the beauty of the Lord's houfe ! 

I hope that country will not be fo filly as to fufTer men to pluck 
you away from them ; and that ye will ufe means to keep my place 
empty, and to bring me back again to the people to whom I have 
Chrift's right, and His Church's lawful calling. 

* Weights of a clock. 



Dear brother, let Chrifl be dearer and dearer to you. Let the 
conqueft* of fouls be top and root, flower and bloom f of your joys 
and defires, on this fide of fun and moon. And in the day when the 
Lord mail pull up the four flakes of this clay tent of rjie earth, and 
the lafl pickle J of fand fhall be at the nick§ of falling down in your 
watch-glafs, and the Mafler fhall call the fervants of the vineyard 
to give them their hire, ye will efleem the bloom \ of this world's 
glory like the colours of the rainbow, that no man can put into his 
purfe and treafure : your labour and pains will then fmile upon you. 

My Lord now hath given me experience (howbeit weak and 
fmall) that our befl fare here is hunger. We are but at God's by- 
board, || in this lower houfe ; we have caufe to long for fupper-time, 
and the high table, up in the high palace. This world deferveth 
nothing but the outer court of our foul. Lord, haflen the marriage- 
Hipper of the Lamb ! I find it flill peace to give up with this pre- 
ient world, as with an old decourtedf and cafl off lover. My 
bread and drink in it is not fo much worth, that I fhould not loathe 
the inns, and pack up my defires for Chrifl, whom I have fent out 
to the fecklefs** creatures in it. Grace, grace be with you. 
Your affectionate brother, and Chrift's prilbner, 

S. R. 

CXCVIIL— To the Laird of Cally. 

[Of John Lennox, Laird of Cally, near Girthon, in the Stewartry of 
Kirkcudbright, to whom this letter is addrefied, little is now known. He 
muft have died previous to the 26th of January 1647, as at that date John 
Lennox of Cally is retoured heir of John Lennox of Cally, his father, u in 
the 20 pound land of Caliegertown, the 10 merk land of Burley, with mill 
and Minings of the fame, within the parifh of Girthon." 

The modern manlion of Cally may be faid, with its woods, to overhang 
the village of Gatehoufe, which alfo is entirely modern, and got its name from 

* Acquisition, winning, f Bloflbm. % Small grain. $ At the point. 
|| Side-table. ' Caft out of court, difcarded. ** Worthlefs. 


the fad: that the lodge, or gatehoufe, of Cally was the firft houfe built on that 
fpot. The old houfe has difappeared, any remnant of it being quite hid by 
the fine old trees of the maniion. It is properly in the parifh of Girthon, but 
borders on Anwoth. The land of " Calie-gerton," mentioned in the above 
extract, is evidently " Cally in Girthon." Gatehoufe is one-half in Anwoth, 
and one-half in Girthon. The Free Church of Anwoth is in Gatehoufe, the 
church being on the Girthon fide of the ftream (the Fleet), and the manfe on 
the Anwoth fide. The Fleet (which is navigable by very fmall veffels thus 
far) was formerly called Avon, "the water;" and this is the fyllable that 
appears in both Girth-ON and An-woTH, — the former fignifying "the village 
on the water," and the latter " the ford of the water."] 


ITCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. — I long to hear how your foul profpereth. 
I have that confidence that your foul mindeth Chrift 
and falvation. I befeech you, in the Lord, to give more pains and 
diligence to fetch # heaven than the country-fort of lazy profeffors, 
who think their own faith and their own godlinefs, becaufe it is 
their own, beft ; and content themfelves with a coldrifef cuftom 
and courfe, with a refolution to fummer and winter in that fort of 
profeilion which the multitude and the times favour moft ; and are 
ftill ihaping and clipping and carving their faith, according as it may 
beft ftand with their fummer fun and .a whole (kin ; and fo breathe 
out both hot and cold in God's matters, according to the courfe of 
the times. This is their compafs which they fail towards heaven 
by, inftead of a better. Worthy and dear Sir, feparate yourfelf 
from fuch, and bend yourfelf to the utmoft of your ftrength and 
breath, in running faft for falvation ; and, in taking Chrift's kingdom, 
ufe violence. It coil: Chrift and all His followers fharp fhowers 
and hot fweats, ere they won J to the top of the mountain ; but ftill § 
our foft nature would have heaven coming to our bedfide when we 
are fleeping, and lying down with us that we might go to heaven 

* Make for. t Chilly, heartlefs. J Got to. $ Always. 

24 LETTER CXCV1IL [1637. 

in warm clothes. But all that came there found wet feet by the 
way, and fharp florins that did take the hide* off their face, and 
found tos and fros, and ups and downs, and many enemies by the 

It is impoflible that a man can take his lufts to heaven with 
him ; fuch wares as thefe will not be welcome there. Oh, how 
loath are we to forego our packaldsf and burdens, that hinder us 
to run our race with patience ! It is no fmall work to difpleafe and 
anger nature, that we may pleafe God. Oh, if it be hard to win 
one foot, or half an inch, out of our own will, out of our own wit, 
out of our own eafe and worldly lufts (and fo to deny ourfelf, and 
to fay, " It is not I but Chrift, not I but grace, not I but God's 
glory, not I but God's love conftraining me, not I but the Lord's 
word, not I but Chrift's commanding power as King in me !"), oh, 
what pains, and what a death is it to nature, to turn me, myfelf, 
my luft, my eafe, my credit, over into, " My Lord, my Saviour, my 
King, and my God, my Lord's will, my Lord's grace ! " But, alas! 
that idol, that whoriih creature, myfelf, is the mafter-idol we all bow 
to. What made Eve mifcarry ? and what hurried her headlong 
upon the forbidden fruit, but that wretched thing herfelf? What 
drew that brother-murderer to kill Abel ? That wild J himfelf. 
What drove the old world on to corrupt their ways ? Who, but 
themfelves, and their own pleafure ? What was the caufe of Solo- 
mon's falling into idolatry and multiplying of ftrange wives ? What, 
but himfelf, whom he would rather pleafure than God ? What 
was the hook that took David and fnared him firft in adultery, but 
his felf-lujl ? and then in murder, but his felf-credit and felf-honour f 
What led Peter on to deny his Lord ? Was it not a piece of him- 
felf, and felf-love to a whole lkin ? What made Judas fell his Matter 
for thirty pieces of money, but a piece of felf-love, idolizing of 
avaricious felfl What made Demas to go off the way of the Gos- 
pel, to embrace this prefent world ? Ev 'en felf-love and love of gain 
for himfelf. Every man blameth the devil for his fins ; but the 

Skin. t Packs, wallets. + Untamed, unruly. 

1637.] LETTER CXCV1IL 25 

great devil, the houfe-devil of every man, the houfe-devil that eateth 
and lieth in every man's bofom, is that idol that killeth all, himfelf. 
Oh, blefTed are they who can deny themfelves, and put Chrift. in 
the room of themfelves ! Oh, would to the Lord that I had not a 
myfelf, but Chrift ; nor a my lujl, but Chrift ; nor a my eafe, but 
Chrift ; nor a my honour, but Chrift ! O fweet word ! " / live 
no more, but Chrift liveth in me!"* Oh, if every one would 
put away himfelf, his own felf, his own eafe, his own pleafure, his 
own credit, and his own twenty things, his own hundred things, 
which he fetteth up, as idols, above Chrift ! Dear Sir, I know that 
ye will be looking back to your old felf, and to your felf-luit , and 
felf-idol, which ye fet up in the lufts of youth above Chrift. 

Worthy Sir, pardon this my freedom of love ; God is my wit- 
nefs, that it is out of an earneft defire after your foul's eternal wel- 
fare that I ufe this freedom of fpeech. Your fun, I know, is lower, 
and your evening fky and funfetting nearer, than when I faw you 
laft : ftrive to end your tafk before night, and to make Chrift your- 
felf, and to acquaint your love and your heart with the Lord. Stand 
now by Chrift. and His truth, when so many fail foully, and are 
falfe to Him. I hope that ye love Him and His truth : let me have 
power with you, to confirm you in Him. I think more of my Lord's 
fweet crofs than of a crown of gold, and a free kingdom lying to it. 

Sir, I remember you in my prayers to the Lord, according to 
my promife. Help me with your prayers, that our Lord would 
be pleafed to bring me amongfl you again, with the Gofpel of Chrift. 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweeteft Lord and Mafter, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

* Gal. ii. 20. 

gg:^< gfe^ F>>^£J 


26 LETTER CXCIX. [1637. 

CXCIX. — To John Gordon of Cardonefs, the Younger. 

and peace be to you. — I long exceedingly to hear of 
the cafe of your foul, which hath a large fhare both of 
my prayers and careful thoughts. Sir, remember that a precious 
treafure and prize is upon this fhort play that ye are now upon. 
Even the eternity of well or wo to your foul flandeth upon the 
little point of your well or ill-employed, fhort, and fwift-pofting fand- 
glafs. Seek the Lord while He may be found •, the Lord waiteth 
upon you. Your foul is of no little price. Gold or filver, of as 
much bounds as would cover the higheft heaven round about, can- 
not buy it. To live as others do, and to be free of open fins that 
the world crieth fhame upon, will not bring you to heaven. As 
much civility and country difcretion as would lie between you and 
heaven will not lead you one foot, or one inch, above condemned 
nature. And therefore take pains upon feeking of falvation, and 
give your will, wit, humour, the green defires of youth's pleafures 
off your hand, to Chrift. It is not poflible for you to know, till 
experience teach you, how dangerous a time youth is. It is like 
green and wet timber. When Chrift cafteth fire on it, it taketh 
not fire. There is need here of more than ordinary pains, for 
corrupt nature hath a good back-friend # of youth. And finning 
againft light will put out your candle, and ftupify your confcience, 
and bring upon it more coverings and fkin, and lefs feeling and fenfe 
of guiltinefs ; and when that is done, the devil is like a mad horfe 
that hath broken his bridle, and runneth away with his rider whither 
he lifteth. Learn to know that which the apoftle knew, the de- 
ceitfulnefs of fin. Strive to make prayer, and reading, and holy 
company, and holy conference your delight ; and when delight 

* A friend to back, a help. 


cometh. in, ye mail by little and little fmell the fweetnefs of Chrift, 
till at length your foul be over head and ears in Chrift's fweetnefs. 
Then mail ye be taken up to the top of the mountain with the Lord, 
to know the ravimments of fpiritual love, and the glory and ex- 
cellency of a feen, revealed, felt, and embraced Chrift : and then 
ye mail not be able to loofe yourfelf off Chrift, and to bind your 
foul to old lovers. Then, and never till then, are all the paces,* 
motions, walkings,* and wheels of your foul in a right tune, and in 
a fpiritual temper. 

But if this world and the lufts thereof be your delight, I know 
not what Chrift. can make of you ; ye cannot be metal to be a vefTel 
of glory and mercy. As the Lord liveth, thoufand thoufands are 
beguiled with fecurity, becaufe God, and wrath, and judgment are 
not terrible to them. Stand in awe of God, and of the warnings 
of a checking and rebuking confcience. Make others to fee Chrift 
in you, moving, doing, fpeaking, and thinking. Your actions will 
fmell of Him, if He be in you. There is an inftincl: in the new- 
born babes of Chrift, like the inftincl: of nature that leads birds to 
build their nefls, and bring forth their young, and love fuch and fuch 
places, as woods, forefts, and wilderneffes, better than other places. 
The inftincl: of nature maketh a man love his mother-country above 
all countries ; the inftincl: of renewed nature, and fupernatural grace, 
will lead you to fuch and fuch works, as to love your country 
above, to figh to be clothed with your houfe not made with hands, 
and to call your borrowed prifon here below a borrowed prifon, 
and to look upon it fervant-like and pilgrim-like. And the pilgrim's 
eye and look is a difdainful-like, difcontented caff, of his eye, his 
heart crying after his eye, " Fy, fy, this is not like my country." 

I recommend to you the mending of a hole, and reforming of a 
failing, one or other, every week ; and put off a fin, or a piece 
of it, as anger, wrath, luft, intemperance, every day, that ye may 
more eafily mafter the remnant of your corruption. God hath 

* Weights of a clock. The " walkings " may be the " nvaukings,' 
the ftrikings of the clock ; or it is for the ivaggings of the pendulum. 

28 LETTER CXCIX. [1637. 

given you a wife ; love her, and let her breafls fatisfy you j and, 
for the Lord's fake, drink no waters but out of your own ciftern. 
Strange wells are poifon. Strive to learn fome new way againft 
your corruption from the man of God, Mr W. D. [William 
Dalgleifh], or other fervants of God. Sleep not found, till ye find 
vourfelf in that cafe that ye dare look death in the face, and durft 
hazard your foul upon eternity. I am fure that many ells and 
inches of the fhort thread of your life are by-hand* fince I faw 
you ; and that thread hath an end ; and ye have no hands to cafl 
a knot,f and add one day, or a finger-breadth, to the end of it. 
When hearing, and feeing, and the outer walls of the clay houfe 
fhall fall down, and life fhall render the befieged caflle of clay to 
death and judgment, and ye find your time worn % ebb, and run out, 
what thoughts will you then have of idol-pleafures, that poffibly are 
now fweet ? What bud § or hire would you then give for the 
Lord's favour ? and what a price would you then give for pardon ? 
It were not amifs to think, "What if I were to receive a doom, 
and to enter into a furnace of fire and brimftone ? What if it come 
to this, that I fhall have no portion but utter darknefs ? And 
what if I be brought to this, to be banifhed from the prefence of 
God, and to be given over to God's ferjeants, the devil and the 
power of the fecond death?" Put your foul, by fuppofition, in 
fuch a cafe, and confider what horror would take hold of you, and 
what ye would then efteem of pleafing yourfelf in the courfe of fin. 
Oh, dear Sir, for the Lord's fake awake to live righteoufly, and 
love your poor foul ! And after ye have feen this my letter, fay 
with yourfelf, " The Lord will feek an account of this warning 
which I have received." 

Lodge Chrift in your family. Receive no ftranger hireling as 
vour pafior. I blefs your children. Grace be with you. 
Your lawful and loving pafior, 

Aberdeen, 1657. S. R. 

* Paft from you. f Tie on a knot, to prevent it flipping on. 

% Worn down, till it is like the tide at low water. § Bribe. 

637.] LETTER CC, 29 

CC. — To Robert Gordon, Bailie of Ayr. [Let. 1 29.] 


ORTHY SIR, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I 
long to hear from you. Our Lord is with His afflicted 
Kirk, fo that this Burning Bum is not confumed to 
afhes. I know that fubmiflive on-waiting for the Lord will at 
length ripen the joy and deliverance of His own, who are truly 
bleffed on- waiters. What is the dry and mifcarrying hope of all 
them who are not in Chrift, but confufion and wind ? Oh, how 
pitifully and miferably are the children of this world beguiled, 
whofe wine cometh home to them water, and their gold brafs and 
tin ! And what wonder, that hopes builded upon fand mould fall 
and fink ? It were good for us all to abandon the forlorn, and 
blafled, and withered hope which we have had in the creature ; 
and let us henceforth come and drink water out of our own well, 
even the fountain of living waters, and build ourfelves and our hope 
upon Chrift our Rock. But, alas ! that that natural love which 
we have to this borrowed home that we were born in, and that 
this clay city, the vain earth, fhould have the largefl fhare of our 
heart ! Our poor, lean, and empty dreams of confidence in fome- 
thing befide God are no farther travelled than up and down the 
noughty # and fecklefsf creatures. God may fay of us, as He faid, 
" Ye rejoice in a thing of nought." J Surely we fpin our fpider's 
web with pain, and build our rotten and tottering houfe upon a lie, 
and falfehood, and vanity. 

Oh, when will we learn to have thoughts higher than the fun 
and moon ! and learn § our joy, hope, confidence, and our foul's 

* In which there is nothing. Others read "naughty," i.e., evil. 

t Unfubftantial. % Amos vi. 13. § Teach ; it is the German " lehren" 

30 LETTER CC. ' [1637. 

defires to look up to our beft country, and to look down to clay 
tents, fet up for a night's lodging or two in this uncouth land ! and 
laugh at our childifh. conceptions and imaginations that fuck our joy 
out of creatures — wo, forrow, loffes, and grief ! O fweeteft Lord 
Jefus ! O faireft Godhead ! O Flower of men and angels ! why 
are we fuch Grangers to, and far-off beholders of, Thy glory ? Oh, 
it were our happinefs for evermore, that God would cafl a pert, a 
botch, a leprofy, upon our part of this great whore, a fair and well- 
bufked* world, that clay might no longer deceive us ! But oh 
that God may burn and blaft our hope here-away,-f rather than that 
our hope mould live to burn us ! Alas, the wrong fide of Chrift 
(to fpeak fo), His black fide, His fuffering fide, His wounds, His 
bare coat, His wants, His wrongs, the oppreffions of men done to 
Him, are turned towards men's eyes j and they fee not the beft and 
faireft fide of Chrift, nor fee they His amiable face and His beauty, 
that men and angels wonder at. 

Sir, lend your thoughts to thefe things, and learn to contemn 
this world, and to turn your eyes and heart away from beholding 
the mafked beauty of all things under time's law and doom. See 
Him who is invifible, and His invifible things. Draw by J the 
curtain, and look in with liking and longing to a kingdom undefiled, 
that fadeth not away, referved for you in the heaven. This is 
worthy of your pains, and worthy of your foul's fweating, and 
labouring, and feeking after, night and day. Fire will fly over 
the earth and all that is in it ; even deftru&ion from the Almighty. 
Fy, fy, upon that hope, that fhall be dried up by the root ! Fy 
upon the drunken night-bargains, and the drunken and mad cove- 
nants that finners make with death and hell after cups, and when 
men's fouls are mad and drunken with the love of this lawlefs life. 
They think to make a neft for their hopes, and take quarters and 
conditions of hell and death, that they fhall have eafe, long life, 
peace ; and in the morning, when the laft trumpet fhall awake them, 
then they rue the block. § It is time, and high time, for you to 

* Gaily decked. t In this quarter. j Draw afide. § Bargain. 

1637.J LETTER CCL 31 

think upon death and your accounts, and to remember what ye are, 
and where ye will be before the year of our Lord 1 700. I hope 
ye are thinking upon this. Pull at your foul, and draw it afide 
from the company that it is with and round, and whifper into it 
news of eternity, death, judgment, heaven, and hell. Grace, grace 
be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jems, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

CCL — To Alexander Gordon of Earljlon. 


UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. — It is like, if ye, the gentry and nobility of 
this nation, be "men in the ftreets" (as the word 
fpeaketh*) for the Lord, that He will now deliver His flock, and 
gather and refcue His fcattered fheep, from the hands of cruel and 
rigorous lords that have ruled over them with force. Oh that 
mine eyes might fee the moon-light turn tof the light of the fun ! 
But I ftill fear that the quarrel of a broken covenant in Scotland 
ftandeth before the Lord. 

However it be, I avouch it before the world, that the tabernacle 
of the Lord fhall again be in the midlt of Scotland, and the glory 
of the Lord fhall dwell in beauty, as the light of many days in one, 
in this land. Oh, what could my foul defire more (next to my Lord 
Jefus), while I am in this flem, but that Chriit and His kingdom 
might be great among Jews and Gentiles ; and that the isles, and 
amongit them overclouded and darkened Britain, might have the 
glory of a noon-day's sun ! Oh that I had anything (I will not 
except my part in Chrift) to wadfetf or lay in pledge, to redeem 

* Alluding to Jer. v. 1. f Into. t Mortgage, alienate. 

32 LETTER CCL [1637. 

and buy fuch glory to my higheft and royal Prince, my fweet Lord 
Jems ! My poor little heaven were well beftowed, if it could ftand 
a pawn* for ever to fet on high the glory of my Lord. But I 
know that He needeth not wages nor hire at my hand ; yea, I know, 
if my eternal glory could weigh down in weight its lonef all the 
eternal glory of the blefTed angels, and of all the fpirits of juft and 
perfect men, glorified and to be glorified, oh, alas ! how far am I 
engaged to forego it for, and give it over to Chrift, fo being He 
might thereby be fet on high above ten thoufand thoufand millions 
of heavens, in the conqueft of many, many nations to His kingdom ! 
Oh that His kingdom would come ! Oh that all the world would 
ftoop before Him ! O blefTed hands that fhall put the crown 
upon Chrift's head in Scotland ! But, alas ! I can fcarce get leave 
to ware J my love on Him. I can find no ways to lay out my heart 
upon Chrifl ; and my love, that I with my foul beftow on Him, is 
like to die upon my hand. And I think it no bairn's play to be 
hungered with Chrift's love. To love Him •, and to want Him, 
wanteth little of hell. I am fure that He knoweth how my joy 
would fwell upon me, from a little well to a great fea, to have as 
much of His love, and as wide a foul anfwerable to comprehend it, 
till I cried, M Hold, Lord ! no more." But I find that He will not 
have me to be mine own fteward, nor mine own carver. Chrift 
keepeth the keys of Chrift (to fpeak fo), and of His own love ; and 
He is a wifer diftributor than I can take up. I know that there is 
more in Him than would make me run over like a coaft-full § fea. 
I were happy for evermore to get leave to ftand but || befide Chrift 
and His love, and to look in ; fuppofe I were interdicted of God to 
come near-hand, % touch, or embrace, kifs, or fet to my finful head, 
and drink myfelf drunk with that lovely thing. God fend me that 
which I would have ! For now I verily fee, more clearly than before, 
our folly in drinking dead waters, and in playing the whore with 
our foul's love upon running-out wells, and broken fherds of crea- 

* A pledge. f By itfelf, without any other. % To expend. 

§ Full to its utmoft fhore. || Were it only this and no more. 1 Near to it. 

1637J LETTER CCL 33 

tures of yefterday, which time will unlaw* with the penalty of lofing 
their being and natural ornaments. Oh, when a foul's love is itching 
(to fpeak fo) for God ; and when (Thrift, in His boundlefs and bottom- 
lefs love, beauty, and excellency, cometh and rubbeth up and exciteth 
that love, what can be heaven, if this be not heaven ? I am fure 
that this bit fecklefs,f narrow, and fhort love of regenerated finners 
was born for no other end, than to breathe, and live, and love, and 
dwell in the bofom and betwixt the breafts of Chrift. Where is there 
a bed or a lodging for the faints' love, but Chrift ? Oh that He 
would take ourfelves off our hand ! for neither we nor the crea- 
tures can be either due conqueftjj or lawful heritage, to love. Chrift, 
and none but Chrift, is Lord and Proprietor of it. Oh, alas, how 
pitiful is it, that fo much of our love goeth by § Him ! Oh, but we 
be wretched mafters of our foul's love. I know it to be the depth 
of bottomlefs and unfearchable providence, that the faints are fuffered 
to play the whore from God, and that their love goeth a-hunting, 
when God knoweth that it fhall roaft nothing of that at fupper time.|| 
The renewed would have it otherwife ; and why is it fo, feeing our 
Lord can keep us without nodding, tottering, or reeling, or any 
fall at all ? Our defires, I hope, fhall meet with perfection ; but 
God will have our fins an office-houfe for God's grace, and hath 
made fin a matter of an unlaw* and penalty for the Son of God's 
blood. And howbeit fin ftiould be our forrow, yet there is a fort 
of acquiefcing and refting upon God's difpenfation required of us, 
that there is fuch a thing in us as fin, whereupon mercy, forgivenefs, 
healing, curing, in our fweet Phyfician, may find a field to work 
upon. Oh, what a deep is here, that created wit cannot take up ! 
However matters go, it is our happinefs to win new ground daily 
in Chrift's love, and to purchafe a new piece of it daily, and to add 
conqueftj to conqueft, till our Lord Jefus and we be fo near each 
other, that Satan fhall not draw a ftraw or a thread betwixt us. - 
And, for myfelf, I have no greater joy, in my well-favoured 

* Fine on one who has broken the law. f Worthlefs. 

X Acquilition, by money or labour. § Paft. || Prov. xii. 27. 


34 LETTER CCIL [1637. 

bonds for Chrift., than that I know time will put Him and me to- 
gether ; and that my love and longing hath room and liberty, amidft 
my bonds and foes (whereof there are not a few here of all ranks), 
to go to vifit the borders and outer coafls of the country of my 
Lord Jefus, and fee, at leaft afar off and darkly, the country which 
mail be mine inheritance, which is the due of my Lord Jefus, both 
through birth and conqueft. I dare avouch to all that know God, 
that the faints know not the length and largenefs of the fweet earned, 
and of the fweet green meaves before the harveft, that might be 
had on this fide of the water, if we would take more pains : and 
that we all go to heaven with lefs earned:, and lighter purfes of the 
hoped-for fum, than other wife we might do, if we took more pains 
to win further in upon Chrift, in this pilgrimage of our abfence 
from Him. 

Grace, grace and glory be your portion. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

Aberdeen, 1637. S. R. 

CCII. — To the Laird of Cally. 

ORTHY SIR, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — 
I have been too long, I confefs, in writing to you. My 
fuit now to you, in paper, fmce I have no accefs to fpeak 
to you as formerly, is, that ye would lay the foundation fure in your 
youth. When ye begin to feek Chrift, try, I pray you, upon what 
terms ye covenant to follow Him, and lay your account what it may 
coft you ; that neither fummer nor winter, nor well * nor woe, may 
caufe you change your Matter, Chrift. Keep fair to Him, and be 
honeft and faithful, that He find not a crack in you. Surely ye are 
now in the throng of temptations. When youth is come to its 
faireft bloom, then the devil, and the lufts of a deceiving world, 

* Weal. 

1637.] LETTER CCIL 35 

and fin are upon horfeback, and follow with upfails. If this were 
not fo, Paul needeth not to have written to a fancYified and holy 
youth, Timothy (a faithful preacher of the Gofpel), to flee the lufts 
of youth. Give Chrift your virgin love ; you cannot put your 
love and heart into a better hand. Oh ! if ye knew Him, and law 
His beauty, your love, your liking, your heart, your defires, would 
clofe with Him, and cleave to Him. Love, by nature, when it 
feeth, cannot but call: out its fpirit and ftrength upon amiable objecls, 
and good things, and things love-worthy ; and what fairer thing 
than Chrift ? O fair fun, and fair moon, and fair ftars, and fair 
flowers, and fair rofes, and fair lilies, and fair creatures ; but O ten 
thoufand thoufand times fairer Lord Jefus ! Alas, I wronged Him 
in making the comparifon this way ! O black fun and moon, but 
O fair Lord Jefus ! O black flowers, and black lilies and rofes, 
but O fair, fair, ever fair Lord Jefus ! O all fair things black and 
deformed, without beauty, when ye are befide that faireft Lord 
Jefus ! O black heaven, but O fair Chrift ! O black angels, but 
furpaflingly fair Lord Jefus ! I would feek no more to make me 
happy for evermore, but a thorough and clear fight of the beauty 
of Jefus, my Lord. Let my eyes enjoy His fairnefs, and ftare Him 
for ever in the face, and I have all that can be wifhed. Get Chrift 
rather than gold or filver ; feek Chrift, howbeit ye fhould lofe all 
things for Him. 

They take their marks by the moon,* and look afquint, in looking 
to fair Chrift, who refolve for the world and their eafe, and for 
their honour, and court, and credit, or for fear of lofTes and a fore 
fkin, to turn their backs upon Chrift and His truth. Alas, how 
many blind eyes and fquint lookers look this day in Scotland upon 
Chrift 's beauty, and they fee a fpot in ChrifVs fair face ! . Alas, they 
are not worthy of Chrift who look this way upon Him, and fee no 
beauty in Him why they fhould defire Him ! God fend me my fill 
of His beauty, if it be poffible that my foul can be full of His beauty 
here. But much of Chrift's beauty needeth not abate the eager 

* A proverb for being changeable, or for judging by imperfecl: evidence. 

36 LETTER CCIL [1637. 

appetite of a foul (fick of love for Himfelf) to fee Him in the other 
world, where He is feen as He is. 

I am glad, with all my heart, that ye have given your greeneft 
morning-age to this Lord Jefus. Hold on, and weary not ; faint 
not. Refolve upon fuffering for Chrift ; but fear not ten days' 
tribulation, for Chrift's four crofs is fugared with comforts, and 
hath a tafte of Chrift Himfelf. I efteem it to be my glory, my joy, 
and my crown, and I blefs Him for this honour, to be yoked with 
Chrift, and married to Him in fuffering, who therefore was born, 
and therefore came into the world, that He might bear witnefs to 
the truth. Take pains, above all things, for falvation ; for without 
running, fighting, fweating, wreftling, heaven is not taken. Oh, 
happy foul, that crofleth nature's ftomach, and delighteth to gain 
that fair garland and crown of glory ! What a fecklefs* lofs is it 
for you to go through this wildernefs, and never tafte fin's fugared 
pleafures ! What poorer is a foul to want pride, luft, love of the 
world, and the vanities of this vain and worthlefs world ? Nature 
hath no caufe to weep at the want of fuch toys as thefe. Efteem 
it your gain to be an heir of glory Oh, but this is an eye-look to 
a fair rent ! The very hope of heaven, under troubles, is like 
wind and fails to the foul, and like wings, when the feet come out 
of the fnare. Oh, for what flay we here ? Up, up, after our 
Lord Jefus ! This is not our reft, nor our dwelling. What have 
we to do in this prifon, except only to take meat and houfe-room in 
it for a time ? 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Your foul's well-wifher, and Chrift's prifoner, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

Unfubftantial, trifling. 

1637.] LETTER CCIII. 37 

CCIII. — To William Gordon at Kenmure. 

[This may be the fame correfpondent as he to whom Let. 72 is addrefied. 
He may have been on a vifit to Kenmure.] 


EAR BROTHER,— Grace, mercy, and peace be to 
you. — I have been long in anfwering your letter, which 
came in good time to me. It is my aim and hearty 
defire, that my furnace, which is of the Lord's kindling, may 
iparkle # fire upon ftanders-by, to the warming of their hearts with 
God's love. The very duft that falleth from Chriit's feet, His old 
ragged clothes, His knotty and black crofs, are fweeter to me than 
kings' golden crowns, and their time-eaten pleafures. I mould be 
a liar and falfe witnefs, if I would not give my Lord Jefus a fair 
testimonial f with my whole foul. My word, I know, will not 
heighten Him : J He needeth not fuch props under His feet to raife 
His glory high. But, oh that I could raife Him the height of 
heaven, and the breadth and length of ten heavens, in the eftima- 
tion of all His young lovers ! for we have all fhapen § Chrift but too 
narrow and too fhort, and formed conceptions of His love, in our 
conceit, very unworthy of it. Oh that men were taken and catched 
with His beauty and fairnefs ! they would give over playing with 
idols, in which there is not half room for the love of one foul to 
expatiate itfelf. And man's love is but heart-hungered in gnawing 
upon bare bones, and fucking at dry breafts. It is well wared || 
they want, who will not come to Him who hath a world of love, 
and goodnefs, and bounty for all. We feek to thaw our frozen 
hearts at the cold fmoke of the fhort-timed creature, and our fouls 
gather neither heat, nor life, nor light •, for thefe cannot give to us 
what they have not in themfelves. Oh that we could thruft in 

* Emit fparks of fire. f Atteftation. J Make Him higher. 

§ Formed an idea of. || Well deferved that they mould want. 

38 LETTER CCIIL [1637. 

through thefe thorns, and this throng of baflard lovers, and be 
ravifhed and fick of love for Chrifl ! We mould find fome footing, 
and fome room, and fweet eafe for our tottering and witlefs fouls in 
our Lord. I wifh it were in my power, after this day, to cry down 
all love but the love of Chrifl, and to cry down all gods but Chrifl, 
all faviours but Chrifl, all well-beloveds but Chriit, and all foul- 
fuitors and love-beggars but Chrifl. 

Ye complain that ye want a mark of the found work of grace 
and love in your foul. For anfwer, confider for your fatisfaclion 
(till God fend more) I John iii. 14. And as for your complaint of 
deadnefs and doubtings, Chrifl will, I hope, take your deadnefs and 
you together. They are bodies full of holes, running boils, and 
broken bones which need mending, that Chrifl the Phyfician taketh 
up : whole vefTels are not for the Mediator Chrifl's art. Publicans, 
finners, whores, harlots, are ready market-wares for Chrifl. The 
only thing that will bring finners within a cafl of Chrifl's drawing 
arm is that which ye write of, fome feeling of death and fin. That 
bringeth forth complaints ; and, therefore, out of fenfe complain 
more, and be more acquaint* with all the cramps, flitches, and 
foul-fwoonings that trouble you. The more pain, and the more 
night- watching, and the more fevers, the better. A foul bleeding 
to death, till Chriil were fent for, and cried for in all hafle, to 
come and flem the blood, and clofe up the hole in the wound with 
His own hand and balm, were a very good difeafe, when many are 
dying of a whole heart. We have all too litde of hell-pain and 
terrors that way ; nay,J God fend me fuch a hell as Chrifl hath 
promifed to make a heaven of. Alas ! I am not come thatf far on 
the way, as to fay in fad earnefl, " Lord Jefus, great and fovereign 
Phyfician, here is a pained patient for Thee." But the thing that 
we miflake is the want of victory. We hold that to be the mark 
of one that hath no grace. Nay, fay I, the want of fighting were a 
mark of no grace ; but I mail not fay the want of victory is fuch a 
mark. If my fire and the devil's water make crackling like thunder 

* Acquainted. f So far. % May God fend me ? 

1637.] LETTER CCIV. 39 

in the air, I am the lefs feared ; for where there is fire, it is ChriiVs 
part, which I lay and bind upon Him, to keep in the coal, and to 
pray the Father that my faith fail not, if I in the meantime be 
wrettling, and doing, and fighting, and mourning. For prayer 
putteth not Paul's devil (the thorn in the flefh, and the meiTenger 
of Satan) to the door at firtt ; but our Lord will have them to try 
every one, and let Paul fend* for himfelf, by God's help, God 
keeping the flakes, and moderating f the play. And ye do well not 
to doubt, if the ground-ttone \ be fure, but to try if it be fo ; for 
there is great odds between doubting that we have grace, and trying 
if we have grace. The former may be fin, but the latter is good. 
We are but loofe in trying our free-holding § of Chritt, and making 
fure work of Chrift. Holy fear is a fearching of the camp, that 
there be no enemy within our bofom to betray us, and a feeing that 
all be fait and fure. For I fee many leaky vefTels fair before the 
wind, and profefTors who take their converfion upon trutt, and they 
go on iecurely, and fee not the under-water,|| till a ttorm fink 
them. Each man had need twice a-day, and oftener, to be riped,^[ 
and fearched with candles. 

Pray for me, that the Lord would give me houfe-room again, 
to hold a candle to this dark world. — Grace, grace be with you. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord and Matter, 

Aberdeen, 1637. S. R. 

— » — 

CCIV. — To Margaret Fullerton. 


ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I am 
glad that ever ye did catt your love on Chrift ; fatten 
more and more love every day on Him. Oh, if I had 

* Shift for. f Ruling over ; an ecclefiaftical term, ftill ufed. 

% Foundation-ftone. § Lands held for life. || Bilge-water. 

% Thoroughly fearched, as when a thief's pockets are examined. 

40 LETTER CC1V. [1637. 

a river of love, a fea of love that would never go dry, to bellow 
upon Him ! But, alas, the pity ! Chrifl hath beauty for me, but I 
have not love for Him. Oh, what pain is it to fee Chrift in His 
beauty, and then to want a heart and love for Him ! But I fee 
that want we mufl, till Chrifl lend us, never to be paid again. Oh 
that He would empty thefe vaults and lower houfes (of thefe poor 
fouls) of baflard and bafe lovers, which we follow ! And verily, I 
fee no object in heaven or in earth that I could ware* this much 
of love upon, that I have upon Chrifl. Alas ! that clay, and time, 
and fhadows, run away with our love, which is ill fpent upon 
any but upon Chrift. Each fool at the day of judgment will 
feek back his love from the creatures, when he fhall fee them 
all in a fairf fire. But they fhall prove irrefponfalj debtors ; and, 
therefore, it is befl here, that we look ere we leap, and look 
ere we love. 

I find now under His crofs, that I would fain give Him more 
than I have to give Him, if giving were in my power ; but I rather 
wifh Him my heart, than give Him it. Except He take it, and put 
Himfelf in pofTeffion of it (for I hope He hath a market-right to 
me, fince He hath ranfomed me), I fee not how Chrifl can have 
me. Oh that He would be pleafed to be more homely § with my 
foul's love, and to come into my foul, and take His own ! But 
when He goeth away and hideth Himfelf, all is to me that I had of 
Chrifl as if it had fallen into the fea-bottom. Oh that I fhould be 
lb fickle in my love, as to love Him only by the eyes and the nofe ! 
that is, to love Him only in as far as fond and foolifh fenfe carrieth 
me, and no more ; and when I fee not, and fmell not, and touch 
not, then I have all to feek. I cannot love perqueer, || nor rejoice 
perqueer. But this is our weaknefs, till we be at home, and fhall 
have aged men's flomachs to bear Chrifl's love. 

Pray for me, that our Lord would bring me back to ypu, with 

* Expend, lay out. f A Scotticifm for, a complete blaze. 

% Not able to pay back. § Familiar. 

|| Perfectly ; " par-cccur," by hearty is the etymology. 

1637O LETTER CCV. 41 

a new bleffing of the Gofpel of Chrift. I forget not you. Grace, 
grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

CCV. — For the Right Honourable my Lady Viscountess of 





mercy, and peace be to you. — The Lord hath brought 
me fafely to Aberdeen : I have gotten lodging in the 
hearts of all I meet with. No face that hath not fmiled upon 
me ; only the indwellers of this town are dry, cold, and general. 
They confift of Papifts, and men of Gallio's metal, firm in no re- 
ligion ; and it is counted no wifdom here to countenance a confined 
and filenced prifoner. But the fhame of Chrift's crofs mail not be 
my fhame. Queenfberry's attempt feemeth to fleep, becaufe the 
Bifhop of Galloway was pleafed to fay to the treafurer that I had 
committed treafon ; which word blunted the treafurer's borrowed 
zeal. So I thank God, who will not have me to anchor my foul 
upon falfe ground, or upon flefh and blood ; it is better to be 
fattened within the vail. 

I find my old challenges # reviving again, and my love often 
jealousf of Chrift's love, when I look upon my own guiltinefs. 
And I verily think that the world hath too foft an opinion of the 
gate % to heaven, and that many fhall get a blind and fad beguile § 
for heaven. For there is more ado than a cold and frozen " Lord, 
Lord." It muft be a way narrower and ffraiter than we conceive ; 
for " the righteous fhall fcarcely be faved." It were good to take a 

* Self-upbraidings. f Sufpicious. % Way. § Delufive difappointment. 

42 LETTER CCV. [1637. 

more judicious view of ChrifHanity ; for I have been doubting if 
ever I knew any more of Chriftianity than the letters of the 

I will not lie on my Lord. I find often much joy and unfpeak- 
able comfort in His fweet prefence, who fent me hither ; and I 
truft, this houfe of my pilgrimage mall be my palace, my garden of 
delights, and that Chrift will be kind to poor fold Jofeph, who is 
feparated from his brethren. I would be fometimes too hot, and 
too joyful, if the heart-breaks at the remembrance of fin, and fair, 
fair feaft-days with King Jefus, did not cool me, and four my fweet 
joys. Oh, how fweet is the love of Chrift ! and how wife is that 
love ! But let faith frifl # and truft a while ; it is no reafon fons 
fhould offend, that the father giveth them not twice a-year hire, as 
he doth to hired fervants. Better that God's heirs live upon hope, 
than upon hire. 

Madam, your Ladyfhip knoweth what Chrift hath done to have 
all your love ; and that He alloweth not His lovef upon your dear 
child. Keep good quarters with Chrift in your love. I verily 
think that Chrift hath faid, " I muft needs-force J have Jean Camp- 
bell for Myfelf ; " and He hath laid many oars in the water, to fifh 
and hunt home-over § your heart to heaven. Let Him have His 
prey , He will think you well won, when He hath gotten you. It 
is good to have recourfe often, and to have the door open, to our 
ftronghold. For the fword of the Lord, the fword of the Lord is 
for Scotland ! And yet two or three berries fhall be left in the top 
of the olive-tree. 

If a word can do my brother good in his diftrefs, I know your 
Ladyfhip will be willing and ready to fpeak it, and more alfo. Now 
the only wife God, and your only, only One, He who dwelt in The 
Bufh, be with you. I write many kifles and many bleflings in Chrift 

* Put off for a time, poftpone. 

f Does not permit you to give the child that love which belongs to Him- 
. % -By main force, by hook or crook. § Homeward. 


to your dear child : the bleflings of his father's God, the bleflings 
due to the fatherlefs and the widow, be yours and his. 
Your Ladyfhip's in his only, only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 


Madam, be pleafed at a fit time to try my Lord of Lorn's mind, 
if his Lordfhip would be pleafed that I dedicate another work 
againft the Arminians, to his honourable name.* For howbeit I 
would compare no patron to his Lordfhip, and though I have fuf- 
ficient experience of his love, yet it is poflible that his Lordfhip may 
think it not expedient at this time. But I expect your Ladyfhip's 
anfwer, and I hope that your Ladyfhip will be plain. 


CCVL — For the Right Honourable my Lady Viscountess of 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to your Ladyfhip. 

— I long to hear from you, and that dear child ; and for 

that caufe I trouble you with letters. 
I am for the prefent thinking the fparrows and the fwallows, 
that build their nefts in Anwoth, blelTed birds. The Lord hath 
made all my congregation defolate. Alas! I am oft at this, " Show 
me wherefore Thou contended with me." O earth, earth, cover 
not the violence done to me. I know it is my faithlefs jealoufy,f in 
this my dark night, to take a friend for a foe ; yet hath not my 
Lord made any plea J with me. I chide with Him, but He giveth 

* " What his Lordfhip's anfwer was, we are not informed; but Rutherford 
did not publifh any book at that time, or for fome years afterwards, though 
it is not improbable that, while under confinement, he devoted himfelf much 
to theological ftudy." (Murray's Life cf Rutherford.) 

f Sufpicion. J Quarrel. 

44 LETTER CCVL [1637. 

me fair words. Seeing my fins and the fins of my youth deferred 
ftrokes, how am I obliged to my Lord, who amongft many croffes 
hath given me a waled* and chofen crofs, to fuffer for the name of 
my Lord Jefus ! Since I mufl have chains, He would put golden 
chains on me, watered f over with many confolations. Seeing I mult 
have forrow (for I have finned, O Preferver of mankind !), He hath 
waled* out for me joyful forrow, — honeft, fpiritual, and glorious 
forrow. My croffes come through mercy and love's fingers, from 
the kind heart of a Brother, Chrift my Lord •, and, therefore, they 
muft be fweet and fugared. Oh, what am I ! fuch a lump, fuch a 
rotten mafs of fin, to be counted a bairn worthy to be nurtured, % 
and firicken with the beft and mofl honourable rod in my Father's 
houfe, the golden rod, wherewith my eldefr. Brother, the Lord, Heir 
of the inheritance, and His faithful witneffes were ftricken withal. 

It would be thought that I fhould be thankful and rejoice. But 
my beholders and lovers in Chrift. have eyes of flefh, and have made 
my one to be ten, and I am fomebody in their books. My witnefs 
is above, that there are armies of thoughts within me faying the 
contrary, and laughing at their wide miftake. If my inner fide were 
feen, my corruption would appear : I would lofe and forfeit love 
and refpecl at the hands of any that love God : pity would come in 
the place of thefe. Oh, if they would yet fet me lower, and my 
well-beloved Chrift higher ! I would I had grace and ftrength of 
my Lord to be joyful, and contentedly glad and cheerful, that God's 
glory might ride, and openly triumph before the view of men, 
angels, devils, earth, heaven, hell, fun, moon, and all God's crea- 
tures, upon my pain and fuffe rings ; providing always, that I felt 
not the Lord's hatred and difpleafure. 

But I fear that His fair glory be but foiled in coming through 
fuch a foul creature as I am. If I could be the finlefs matter of 

* Selected from among others. 

f Plated over. So in a fermon preached at Anwoth, 1630, on Zechar. xiii. 7 , 
he fays, " The catering will go off, and leave nothing but drofs." 
% Put under difcipline. 

1637.] LETTER CCVL 45 

glorifying Chrifl, howbeit to my lofs, pain, fufferings, and extre- 
mity of wretchednefs, how would my foul rejoice ! But I am far 
from this. He knoweth that His love hath made me a prifoner, 
and bound me hand and foot ; but it is my pain that I cannot win 
loofe, nor get loofe hands and a loofed heart, to do fervice to my 
Lord Jems, and to fpeak His love. I confefs that I have neither 
tongue nor pen to do it. Chrifl's love is more than my praifes, and 
above the thoughts of the angel Gabriel, and all the mighty holts 
that (land before the throne of God. I think fhame, I am fad and 
cafl down, to think that my foul tongue, and my polluted heart, 
mould come in to help others to fing aloud the praifes of the love of 
Chrifl : all I dow* do, is to wifh the choir to grow throng, \ and 
to grow in the extolling of Chrifl. Wo, wo is me for my guilti- 
nefs feen to few ! My hidden wounds, ftill bleeding within me, are 
before the eyes of no man ; but if my fweet Lord Jefus were not 
ftill bathing, warning, balming, healing, and binding them up, they 
mould rot, and break out to my fhame. 

I know not what will be the end of my fuffering. I have feen 
but the one fide of my crofs •, what will be the other fide, He 
knoweth who hath His fire in Zion. Let Him lead me, if it were 
through hell. I thank my Lord, that my on-waiting and holding 
my peace as I do (to fee what more Chrifl will do to me), is my joy. 
Oh, if my eafe, joy, pleafure for evermore, were laid in wadfet J and 
in pledge, to buy praifes to Chrift ! But I am far from this. It is 
eafy for a poor foul, in the deep debt of Chrifl's love, to fpit farther § 
than he dow leap or jump, and to feed upon broad wifhes that 
Chrifl may be honoured •, but in performance I am flark nought. 
I have nothing, nothing to give Chrifl but poverty. Except He 
would comprife || and arreft my foul and my love (oh, oh, if He 
would do that!), I have nothing for Him. He may indeed feize 
upon a dyvour's f perfon, foul and body ; but he hath no goods for 

* Am able to do. f Crowded. % In mortgage. 

§ To fhow a wifh to get at more than he can accomplim. 

|| Arreft by procefs of law. ^[ The debtor's perfon. 

46 LETTER CCVL [1637. 

Chritt to meddle with. But how glad would my foul be, if He 
would forfeit * my love and never give it me again ! 

Madam, I would be glad to hear that Chritt's claim to you 
were fUll the more, and that you were (till going forward, and that 
you were nearer Him. I dowf not honour Chritt myfelf ; but I 
wifh all others to make fail to Chrift's houfe. I would I could in- 
vite you to go into your Well-beloved's houfe-of-wine, and that 
upon my word ; you would then fee a new myttery of love in 
Chrift that you never faw before. 

I am fomewhat encouraged in that your Ladyffiip is not dry and 
cold to Chrift's prifoner, as fome are. I hope it is put up in my 
Matter's count-book. I am not much grieved that my jealous Hus- 
band break in pieces my idols, that either they dare not or will not 
do for me. My Matter needeth not their help, but they had need 
to be that ferviceable as to help Him. Madam, I have been that 
bold as to put you and that fweet child into the prayers of Mr 
Andrew Cant, Mr James Martin, the Lady Leyes, and fome others 
in this country that truly love Chrift. Be pleafed to let me hear 
how the child is. The blefTings that came " upon the head of 
Jofeph, and on the top of the head of him who was feparated from 
his brethren/' and the " good- will of Him who dwelt in The Buffi," 
be feen upon him and you. Madam, I can fay, by fome little expe- 
rience, more now than before of Chritt to you. I am ttill upon 
this, that if you feek, there is a pofe,J a hidden treafure, and a 
gold mine in Chritt, you never yet faw. Then come and fee. 

Thus recommending you to God's dearett mercy, I rett, your 
own, in his fweet Lord Jefus, at all obedience, 

S. R. 

My Lady Marifchall § is very kind to me, and her fon alfo. 
Aberdeen, June 17, 1637. 

* Declare it a forfeiture to Himfelf. t I am not able to honour. 

% Secret hoard. 

§ Lady Marifchall, whofe maiden name was Margaret Erfkine, being the 
eldeft daughter of John Erfkine, feventh Earl of Mar, by Lady Margaret 

[637.] LETTER CCVIL 47 

CCVII. — To John Henderson, in Rufc 


[He was probably tenant in the farm of Rufco, which is at the foot of the 
hill Caftramond, a farm on the property of Gordon of Rufco.] 


OVING FRIEND,— I earneftly defire your falvation. 
Know the Lord and feek Chrift. You have a foul that 
cannot die : fee for a lodging to your poor foul , for 
that houfe of clay will fall. Heaven or nothing! either Chrift or 
nothing ! Ufe prayer in your houfe, and fet your thoughts often 
upon death and judgment. It is dangerous to be loofe in the matter 
of your falvation. Few are faved ; men go to heaven in ones and 
twos, and the whole world lieth in fin. Love your enemies, and 
(land by the truth which I have taught you, in all things. Fear not 
men, but let God be your fear. Your time will not be long : make 
the feeking of Chrift your daily tafk. Ye may, when ye are in the 
fields, fpeak to God. Seek a broken heart for fin ; for without 

Stewart, daughter to Efme, Duke of Lennox, was the wife of William, lixth 
Earl of Marifchall. In 1635 fhe became a widow, his Lordfhip having died 
on the a 8th of October that year, aged about fifty. She had to him feven 
children, four fons and three daughters. (Douglas' Peerage- Relation of the 
Origin of the Keiths in Scotland, MS. Advocates Library.) 

Lady Marifchall's fon, whofe kindnefs Rutherford alfo gratefully records, 
was William, who fucceeded his father, as is evident from a fubfequent letter. 
He was a devoted adherent of Charles II.; and entering with zeal into the 
engagement in 1648 for the King's liberation, commanded a regiment of horfe 
at the battle of Prefton, where the Scottifh army was routed by the Englifh, 
and from which he hardly efcaped with his life. When he and others of the 
King's friends, who had afTembled at Alyth in 1650 for fettling matters to 
fupport the royal caufe, were furprifed and taken by a large body of Englifh 
horfe fent out by Monk, the Earl, with fome of his friends, were fent prifoners 
to the Tower of London by fea, where he was kept for a long time. He 
died in 1670, at his houfe of Inverringie, and was fucceeded by his brother 

48 LETTER CCVIIL [1637. 

that there is no meeting with Chrift. I fpeak this to your wife, as 
well as to yourfelf. I defire your fifter, in her fears and doubtings, 
to fallen her grips* on ChrilVs love. I forbid her to doubt ; for 
Chrift loveth her, and hath her name written in His book. Her 
falvation is fall coming. Chrift her Lord is not flow in coming, 
nor flack in His promife. 
Grace be with you. 

Your loving paflor, 

S. R. 



CCVIIL — To Mr Alexander Colville of Blair. [Let. 99.] 



UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. — I would defire to know how my Lord 
took my letter, which I fent him, and how he is. I 
defire nothing, but that he may be faft and honeft to my royal 
Matter and King. 

I am well every way, all praife to Him in whofe books I muft 
fland for ever as His debtor ! Only my filence paineth me. I had 
one joy out of heaven, next to Chrift my Lord, and that was to 
preach Him to this faithlefs generation ; and they have taken that 
from me. It was to me as the poor man's one eye, and they have 
put out that eye. I know that the violence done to me, and His 
poor bereft bride, is come up before the Lord ; and, fuppofe that I 
fee not the other fide of my crofs, or what my Lord will bring out 
of it, yet I believe that the vifion fhall not tarry, and that Chrift, is 
on His journey for my deliverance. He goeth not flowly, but 
paffeth over ten mountains at one ftride. In the meantime, I am 

* Firm hold. 

1637.] LETTER CCVIIL 49 

pained with His love, becaufe I want real pofTeflion. When Chrift 
cometh, He ftayeth not long; but certainly, the blowing of His 
breath upon a poor foul is heaven upon earth ; and when the wind 
turneth into the north, and He goeth away, I die, till the wind 
change into the weft, and He vifit His prifoner. But He holdeth 
me not often at His door. I am richly repaid for fufFering for Him. 
Oh, if all Scotland were as I am, except my bonds ! Oh, what 
pain I have, becaufe I cannot get Him praifed by my fufferings ! 
Oh that heaven (within and without) and the earth were paper, and 
all the rivers, fountains, and feas were ink, and I able to write all 
the paper (within and without) full of His praifes, and love, and ex- 
cellency, to be read by man and angel ! Nay, this is little ; I owe 
my heaven to Chrift •, and do defire, howbeit I fhould never enter 
in at the gates of the New Jerufalem, to fend my love and my 
praifes over the wall to Chrift. Alas, that time and days lie be- 
twixt Him and me, and adjourn our meeting ! It is my part to cry, 
" Oh, when will the night be paft, and the day dawn, that we mail 
fee one another ! " 

Be pleafed to remember my fervice to my Lord, to whom I 
wrote ; and fhow him that, for his affection to me, I cannot but 
pray for him, and earneftly defire that Chrift mifs him not out of 
the roll of thofe who are His witneffes, now when His kingly 
honour is called in queftion. It is his honour to hold up Chrift's 
royal train, and to be an inftrument to hold the crown upon Chrift's 
head. Show him, becaufe I love his true honour and ftanding, that 
this is my earneft defire for him. 

Now I blefs you ; and the prayers of Chrift's prifoner come 
upon you ; and His fweeteft prefence, whom ye ferve in the Spirit, 
accompany you. 

Yours, at all obliged obedience in Chrift, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, June 23, 1637. 

vol. 11. 

So LETTER CCIX. [1637. 

CCIX. — To his Reverend and Dear Brother, Mr John Nevay. 
[Let. 179.] 



mercy, and peace be to you. — I have exceedingly many 
whom I write to, elfe I would be kinder in paper. 

I rejoice that my fweet Mafter hath any to back Him. Thick, 
thick* may my royal King's court be. Oh that His kingdom 
might grow ! It were my joy to have His houfe full of guefts. 

Except that I have fome cloudy days, for the moft part I have 
a king's life with Chrift. He is all perfumed with the powders of 
the merchant ; He hath a king's face, and a king's fmell. His 
chariot, wherein He carrieth His poor prifoner, is of the wood of 
Lebanon ; it is paved with love. Is not that foft ground to walk or 
lie on ? I think better of Chrift than ever I did ; my thoughts of 
His love grow and fwell on me. I never write to any of Him fo 
much as I have felt. Oh, if I could write a book of Chrift, and of 
His love ! Suppofe I were made white afhes, and burnt for this 
fame truth that men count but as knots of ftraw, it were my gain, 
if my afhes could proclaim the worth, excellency, and love of my 
Lord Jefus. There is much telling-)- of Chrifl: : I give over the 
weighing of Him ; heaven would not be the beam of a balance to 
weigh Him in. What eyes be on me, or what wind of tongues be 
on me, I care not : let me ftand in this ftage in the fool's coat, and 
acf. a fool's part to the reft of this nation. If I can fet my Well- 
beloved on high, and witnefs fair for Him, a fig for their hofanna. 
If I can roll myfelf in a lap of Chrift's garment, I mail lie there, 
and laugh at the thoughts of dying bits of clay. 

Brother, we have caufe to weep for our harlot-mother ; her 

* Crowded. f Counting; much to fet down in the account. 

1637.] LETTER CCX. 51 

Huiband is fending her to Rome's brothel-houfe, which is the gate* 
(he liketh well. Yet I perfuade you that there fhall be a fair after- 
growth for Chrift in Scotland, and that this Church fhall fing the 
Bridegroom's welcome home again to His own houfe. The worms 
fhall eat them fir ft, ere they caufe Chrift to take good-night at Scot- 
land. I am here affaulted with the Doctors' guns ;f but I blefs the 
Father of lights, that they draw not blood of truth. I find no 
lodging in the hearts of natural men, who are cold friends to my 

I pray you, remember my love to that gentleman, A. C. My 
heart is knit to him, becaufe he and I have one Mafter. Remem- 
ber my bonds, and prefent my fervice to my Lord and my Lady. J 
I wifh that Chrift may be dearer to them than He is to many of 
their place. 

Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, July 5, 1637. 


CCX. — To my Lady Boyd. 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — Few, I 
believe, know the pain and torment of Chrift's frifted§ 
love : frifting with Chrift's prefence is a matter of 
torment. I know a poor foul that would lay all oars in the water 
for a banquet or feaft of Chrift's love. I cannot think but it muft 
be uptaking|| and fweet, to fee the white and red of Chrift's fair 

* The road ftie is too much inclined to take. 

f Meaning the Aberdeen Doctors. % The Earl of Loudon and his lady, 
§ Deferred till a future time. 

|| Thomfon fays, "exhilarating." But Jamiefon quotes inftances of this 
word being ufed for " elevating, or exalting." 

52 LETTER CCX. [1637, 

face ; for He is white and ruddy, and the chief eft among ten thou- 
fand. * I am fure that muft be a well-made face of His : heaven 
muft be in His vifage ; glory, glory for evermore mult fit on His 
countenance. I dare not curfe the mafk and covering that are on 
His face 5 but oh, if there were a hole in it ! Oh, if God would 
tear the mafk ! Fy, fy upon us ! we were never amamed till now, 
that we do not proclaim our pining and languishing for Him. I 
am fure that never tongue fpake of Chrift as He is. I am ftill of 
that mind, and ftill will be, that we wrong and undervalue that 
holy, holy One, in having fuch fhort and mallow thoughts of His 
weight and worth. Oh, if I could but have leave to ftand befide and 
fee the Father weigh Chrift the Son, if it were poffible ! But how 
every one of them comprehendeth another, we, who have eyes of 
clay, cannot comprehend. But it is a pity for evermore, and more than 
fhame, that fuch an one as Chrift fhould fit in heaven His lonef for 
us. To go up thither once-errand, J and on purpofe to fee, were 
no fmall glory. Oh that He would ftrike out windows, and fair 
and great lights, in this old houfe, this fallen-down foul, and then 
fet the foul near-hand § Chrift, that the rays and beams of light and 
the foul-delighting glances of the fair, fair Godhead might fhine in 
at the windows, and fill the houfe ! A fairer, and more near, and 
direct, fight of Chrift would make room for His love ; for we are 
but pinched and ftraitened in His love. Alas, it were eafy to mea- 
fure and weigh all the love that we have for Chrift, by inches and 
ounces ! Alas, that we fhould love by meafure and weight, and 
not rather have floods and feafts of Chrift's love. Oh that Chrift 
would break down the old narrow veflels of thefe narrow and ebb || 
fouls, and make fair, deep, wide, and broad fouls, to hold a fea and 
a full tide (flowing over all its banks) of Chrift's love ! 

Oh that the Almighty would give me my requeft ! that I might 
fee Chrift come to His temple again, as He is minting, f and, it is 

* Cant. v. 10. t By Himfelf. 

% On the fole errand. § Near to. 

I Shallow, as the tide at ebb. f Aiming. 

1637.] LETTER CCX. 53 

like, minding to do. And if the land were humbled, the judgments 
threatened are with this refervation (I know), " If ye will turn 
and repent." Oh, what a heaven mould we have on earth, to fee 
Scotland's moon like the light of the fun, and Scotland's fun-light 
fevenfold, like the light of feven days, in the day that the Lord 
bindeth up the breach of His people, and healeth the ftroke of their 
wound ! # Alas, that we will not pull and draw Chrift to His old 
tents again, to come and feed among the lilies, till the day break, 
and the fhadows flee away ! Oh that the nobles would go on, in 
the ftrength and courage of the Lord, to bring our lawful King 
Jefus home again ! I am perfuaded that He fhall return again in 
glory to this land ; but happy were they, who would help to con- 
voyf Him to His fancluary, and fet Him again up upon that mercy- 
feat, betwixt the cherubim. O fun, return to darkened Britain ! 
O faireft among all the fons of men, O moft excellent One, come 
home again ! come home, and win the praifes and bleflings of the 
mourners in Zion, the prifoners of hope, that wait for Thee ! I 
know that He can alfo triumph in fuffering, and weep and reign, 
and die and triumph, and remain in prifon and yet fubdue His 
enemies ; but how happy were I to lee the coronation-day of 
Chrift, to fee His mother, who bare Him, put the crown upon His 
head again, and cry with fhouting, till the earth mould ring, " Let 
Jefus, our King, live and reign for evermore !" 
Grace, grace be with your Ladyfhip. 

Your Ladyfhip's, at all obedience in Chrift, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

* Ifa. xxx. 26. 

f Accompany Him on the way, as when friends go out to bear friends 
company. See note, Let. 230. 


54 LETTER CCXL [1637. 

CCXI. — 31? a Chriftian Gentlewoman. 


ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — Though 
not acquainted, yet at the defire of a Chriftian brother, 
I have thought good to write a line unto you, entreating 

you, in the Lord Jefus, under your trials to keep an ear open to 
Chrift, who can fpeak for Himfelf, howbeit your vifitations,* and 
your own fenfe, mould dream hard things of His love and favour. 
Our Lord never getteth fo kind a look of us, nor our love in fuch 
a degree, nor our faith in fuch a meafure of ftedfaftnefs, as He 
getteth out of the furnace of our tempting fears and fharp trials. I 
verily believe (and too fad proofs in me fay no lefs), that if our 
Lord would grind our whorifh lufts into powder, the very old afhes 
of our corruption would take life again, and live, and hold us under 
fo much bondage, that may humble us, and make us fad, till we be 
in that country where we fhall need no phyfic at all. Oh, what 
violent means doth our Lord ufe to gain us to Him, as if indeed we 
were a prize worthy His fighting for ! And be fure, if leading 
would do the turn, He would not ufe pulling of the hair, and draw- 
ing : but the befl of us will bidef a ftrong pull of our Lord's right 
arm ere we follow Him. Yet I fay not this, as if our Lord always 
meafured afflictions by fo many ounce- weights, anfwerable to the 
grain-weights of our guiltinefs. I know that He doth in many 
(and poffibly in you), feek nothing fo much as faith, that can en- 
dure fummer and winter in their extremity. Oh, how precious to 
the Lord are faith and love, that when threfhed, beaten, and chafed 
away, and bofted % as it were by God Himfelf, doth yet look warm- 
like, love-like, kind-like, and life-like, home-over § to Chrift, and 
would be in at Him, ill and well as it may be. 

* The afflictions wherewith you have been viiited. t Endure. 

% Threatened with a blow. £ Homewards 

637.] LETTER CCXL 55 

Think it not much that your hufband, or the neareft to you in 
the world, proveth to have the bowels and mercy of the oftrich, 
hard, and rigorous, and cruel ; for the Lord taketh up fuch fallen 
ones as thefe.* I could not wifh a fweeter life, or more fatisfying 
exprefllons of kindnefs, till I be up at that Prince of kindnefs, than 
the Lord's faints find, when the Lord taketh up men's refufe, and 
lodgeth this world's outlaws, whom no man feeketh after. His 
breath is never fo hot, His love cafteth never fuch a flame, as when 
this world, and thofe who mould be the helpers of our joy, caft 
water on our coal. It is a fweet thing to fee them caft out, and 
God taken in ; and to fee them throw us away as the refufe of men, 
and God take us up as His jewels and His treafure. Often He 
maketh gold of drofs, as once He made the caft-away ftone, " the 
ftone rejected by the builders," the head of the corner. The princes 
of this world would not have our Lord Jefus as a pinningf in the 
wall, or to have any place in the building ; but the Lord made Him 
the mafter-ftone of power and place. God be thanked, that this 
world hath not power to cry us down fo many pounds, as rulers cry 
down light gold, or light friver. We fhall ftand for as much as our 
mafter-coiner Chrift, whofe coin, arms, and ftamp we bear, will have 
us. Chrift hath no mifcarrying balance. Thank your Lord, who 
chafeth your love through two kingdoms, and followeth you and 
it over fea, to have you for Himfelf, as He fpeaketh.J For God 
layeth up His faints, as the wale§ and the choice of all the world, 
for Himfelf ; and this is like Chrift and His love. Oh, what in 
heaven, or out of heaven, is comparable to the fmell of Chrift's 
garments ! Nay, fuppofe that our Lord would manifeft His art, 
and make ten thoufand heavens of good and glorious things, and of 
new joys, devifed out of the deep of infinite wifdom, He could not 
make the like of Chrift ; for Chrift is God, and God cannot be 

* Ps. xxvii. 10. 

f Small ftone to fill a crevice in the wall. He fays, ' ' Would they give 
Him no room ? Might they not have made Him a pinning?" in a fermon at 
Anwoth, on Zech. xi. 9, preached 1634. 

t Hos. iii. 3. § The felecled portion. 

56 LETTER CCXIL [1637. 

made. And therefore, let us hold with Chrift, howbeit we might 
have our wale* and will of a hoft of lovers, as many as three 
heavens could contain. 

Oh that He and we were together ! Oh, when Chrift and ye 
ihall meet about the utmoft march f and borders of time, and the 
entry into eternity, ye mail fee heaven in His face at the firft look, 
and falvation and glory fitting in His countenance, and betwixt His 
eyes. Faint not ; the miles to heaven are but few and fhort. He 
is making a green bed (as the word fpeaketh J) of love, for Himfelf 
and you. There are many heads lying in ChriiVs bofom, but there 
is room for yours among the reft ; and, therefore, go on, and let 
hope go before you. Sin not in your trials, and the victory is yours. 
Pray, wreftle, and believe, and ye mall overcome and prevail with 
God, as Jacob did. No windleftraws§, no bits of clay, no tempta- 
tions, which are of no longer life than an hour, will then be able 
to withftand you, when once you have prevailed with God. 

Help me with your prayers, that it would pleafe the Lord to 
give me houfe-room again, to fpeak of His righteoufnefs in the 
great congregation, if it may feem good in His fight. 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, July 6, 1637. 

CCXII. — To William Glendinning. [Let. 137.] 


EAR BROTHER,— Ye are heartily welcome to that 
honour that Chrift hath made common to us both, 
which is to fufFer for His name. Verily I think it my 

* Selected portion. . f Boundary. 

% Cant. i. 16. § Withered ftalks of grais. 

1637.] LETTER CCXIl. 57 

garland and crown j and if the Lord fhould afk of me my blood 
and life for this cauie, I would gladly, in His ftrength, pay due 
debt to Chrift's honour and glory, in that kind. Acquaint yourfelf 
with ChrilVs love, and ye fhall not mifs to find new golden mines 
and treafures in Chrift. Nay, truly, we but ftand befide Chrift, we 
go not in to Him to take our fill of Him. But if He would do 
two things, — I. Draw the curtains, and make bare His holy face ; 
and then, 2. Clear our dim and bleared eyes, to fee His beauty and 
glory. He mould find many lovers. I would feek no more happi- 
nefs than a fight of Him fo near-hand,* as to fee, hear, fmell, and 
touch, and embrace Him. But, oh, clofed doors, and vails, and 
curtains, and thick clouds hold me in pain, while I find the fweet 
burning of His love, that many waters cannot quench ! Oh, what 
fad hours have I, when I think that the love of Chrift fcaurethf at 
me, and bloweth J by me ! If my Lord Jefus would come to bar- 
gaining for His love, I think He might make the price Himfelf. I 
fhould not refufe ten thoufand years in hell, to have a wide foul 
enlarged and made wider, that I might be exceedingly, even to the 
running-over, filled with His love. Oh, what am I, to love fuch a 
One, or to be loved by that high and lofty One ! I think the 
angels may blufh to look upon Him ; and what am I, to fyle§ fuch 
infinite brightnefs with my finful eyes ! Oh that Chrift would 
come near, and ftand ftill, and give me leave to look upon Him ! 
for to look feemeth the poor man's privilege, fince he may, for 
nothing and without hire, behold the fun. I fhould have a king's 
life, if I had no other thing to do, than for evermore to behold 
and eye my fair Lord Jefus : nay, fuppofe I were hoi den out at 
heaven's fair entry, I fhould be happy for evermore, to look through 
a hole in the door, and fee my deareft and faireft Lord's face. O 
great King, why ftandeft Thou aloof ? Why remaineft Thou beyond 
the mountains ? O Well-beloved, why doft Thou pain a poor foul 
with delays ? A long time out of Thy glorious prefence is two 
deaths and two hells to me. We muft meet, I muft fee Him, I 

* Near at hand. f Is afraid of, boggles. \ Part. § Defile. 

58 LETTER CCXII. [1637. 

dow # not want Him. Hunger and longing for Chrift hath brought 
on fiich a neceffity of enjoying Chrift, that, coft me what it will, I 
cannot but allure Chrift that I will not, I dow not want Him ; for 
I cannot mafter nor command Chrift's love. Nay, hell (as I now 
think), and all the pains in it, laid on me alone, would not put me 
from loving. Yea, fuppofe that my Lord Jefus would not love me, 
it is above my ftrength or power to keep back or imprifon the weak 
love which I have, but it muft be out to Chrift. I would fet 
heaven's joy afide, and live upon Chrift's love its lone.f Let me 
have no joy but the warmnefs and fire of Chrift's love ; I feek no 
other, God knoweth. If this love be taken from me, the bottom 
is fallen out of all my happinefs and joy ; and, therefore, I believe 
that Chrift will never do me that \ much harm, as to bereave a poor 
prifoner of His love. It were cruelty to take it from me ; and He, 
who is kindnefs itfelf, cannot be cruel. 

Dear brother, weary not of my fweet Mafter's chains ; we are 
fo much the fibber § to Chrift that we fufFer. Lodge not a hard 
thought of my royal King. Rejoice in His crofs. Your deliverance 
ileepeth not. He that will come is not flack of His promife. Wait 
on for God's timeous j| falvation ; afk not when, or how long ? I 
hope He fhall lofe nothing of you in the furnace, but drofs. Com- 
mit your caufe in meeknefs (forgiving your oppreffors) to God, 
and your fentence fhall come back from Him laughing. Our Bride- 
groom's day is pofting faft on ; and this world, that feemeth to go 
with a long and a fhort foot, fhall be put into two ranks. Wait till 
your ten daysf be ended, and hope for the crown. Chrift will not 
give you a blind ## in the end. 

Commend me to your wife and father, and to Bailie M. A. ; and 
fend this letter to him. 

* Am not able to do without Him. 

t By itfelf. % So. 

§ More nearly related. €€ We behoved to be as fib as brethren," occurs 
in one of his fermons. 

U Seafonable. 1" Rev. ii. 10. 

** A cheat, or difappointment. 

1637.] LETTER CCX1IL 59 

The prayers of Chrift's prifoner be upon you, and the Lord's 
prefence accompany you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 
Aberdeen, July 6, 1637. o. R. 

CCXIII. — To Robert Lennox of D if dove. 

[Di/dove, or Difdow, is a farm about a mile from Girthon, on the floping 
brae. Lennox s name often occurs in the " Minute-book of Comm. of Cove- 
nanters." Was he connected with Lennox of Cally f] 


EAR BROTHER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 
— I befeech you in the Lord Jefus, make faft and fure 
work of life eternal. Sow not rotten feed : every 
man's work will fpeak for itfelf, what his feed hath been. Oh, 
how many fee I, who fow to the flefh ! Alas, what a crop will 
that be, when the Lord fhall put in His hook* to reap this world 
that is ripe and white for judgment ! 

I recommend to you holinefs and fanftification,* and that you 
keep yourfelf clean from this prefent evil world. We delight to 
tell our own dreams, and to flatter our own flefh with the hope 
which we have. It were wifdom for us to be free, plain, honeft, and 
iharp with our own fouls, and to charge them to brew better, that 
they may drink well, and fare well, when time is melted away like 
mow in a hot fummer. Oh, how hard a thing is it, to get the foul 
to give up with all things on this fide of death and doomfday ! We 
fay that we are removing and going from this world ; but our heart 
ltirreth not one foot off its feat. Alas ! I fee few heavenly-minded 
fouls, that have nothing upon the earth but their body of clay going 
up and down this earth, becaufe their foul and the powers of it are 
up in heaven, and there their hearts live, defire, enjoy, rejoice. Oh ! 


60 LETTER CCXIIL [1637. 

men's fouls have no wings -, and, therefore, night and day they keep 
their neft, and are not acquainted with Chrift. Sir, take you to 
your one thing, to Chrift, that ye may be acquainted with the tafte 
of His fweetnefs and excellency ; and charge your love not to dote 
upon this world, for it will not do your bufinefs in that day, when 
nothing will come in good ftead to you but God's favour. Build 
upon Chrift fome good, choice, and faft work ; for when your foul 
for many years hath taken the play, and hath pofted, and wandered 
through the creatures, ye will come home again with the wind.* 
They are not good, at leaft not the foul's good. It is the infinite 
Godhead that muft allay the (harpnefs of your hunger after happinefs, 
otherwife there mail (till be a want of fatisfadtion to your defires : 
and if He mould call in ten worlds into your defires, all mail fall 
through, and your foul will ftill cry, " Redf hunger, black hunger." 
But I am fure there is fufficient for you in Chrift, if ye had feven 
fouls and feven defires in you. 

Oh, if I could make my Lord Jefus market-fweet, J lovely, 
defirable, and fair to all the world, both to Jew and Gentile ! Oh, 
let my part of heaven go for it, fo being He would take my tongue 
to be His inftrument, to fet out Chrift in His whole braveries of 
love, virtue, gface, fweetnefs, and matchlefs glory, to the eyes and 
hearts of Jews and Gentiles ! But who is fufficient for thefe 
things ? Oh, for the help of angels' tongues, to make Chrift eye- 
fweet § and amiable to many thoufands ! Oh, how little doth this 
world fee of Him, and how far are they from the love of Him, 
feeing there is fo much lovelinefs, beauty, and fweetnefs in Chrift, 
that no created eye did ever yet fee ! I would that all men knew 
His glory, and that I could put many in at the Bridegroom's chamber- 
door, to fee His beauty, and to be partakers of His high, and deep, 
and broad, and boundlefs love. Oh, let all the world come nigh 

* Like a fhip running before the wind. 

t Red and black are intenfive words, like " burning fhame," and " black 

% So attradive as to be fought for like precious wares at markets. 
§ Attractive to the eye. 

1637.] LETTER CCX1V. 6\ 

and fee Chrift, and they (hall then fee more than I can fay of Him ! 
Oh, if I had a pledge or pawn* to lay down for a feaful of His love ! 
that I could come by fo much of Chrift, as would fatisfy greening f 
and longing for Him, or rather increafe it, till I were in full poifes- 
fion ! I know that we fhall meet ; and therein I rejoice. 

Sir, ftand faft in the truth of Chrift that ye have received. 
Yield to no winds, but ride out, and let Chrift be your anchor, and 
the only He, whom ye fhall look to fee in peace. Pray for me, His 
prifoner, that the Lord would fend me among you to feed His 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, n ™ 


CCXIV. — To Mr James Hamilton. 

[James Hamilton was educated for the miniftry in Scotland, but going 
over to Ireland, he continued for fome time to act as fteward or agent for his 
uncle, Lord Claneboy. He commenced his labours as a preacher of the Gofpel 
in 1624, and in the following year was fettled at Balwater, in the county of 
Down, in which charge, fays Robert Blair, u he was painful, fuccefsful, and 
conftant, notwithstanding he had many temptations to follow promotion, 
which he might eafily have obtained." (Blair s Life.) In Auguft 1636, he 
and feveral of his brethren in the miniftry were depofed by Henry Leflie, 
Bifhop of Down, for refilling to fubfcribe the canons then impofed on minifters 
in Ireland. From the dark profpect of the Prefbyterian Church at that time, 
both in Ireland and in Scotland, he was induced to call in his lot with thofe 
who that year embarked as emigrants for New England, but who were forced 
to return by the adverfe ftate of the weather. After his coming over to Scot- 
land, he became minifter of Dumfries, and fubfequently of Edinburgh, where 
he continued to labour for fifteen years. He was a member of the famous 
AfTembly held at Glafgow in 1638. In March 1644, he and Mr Weir, 
minifter of Dalferf, were appointed to adminifter the Solemn League and Cove- 
nant in Ireland. On their return to Scotland, falling in with the noted Alafter 
Macdonnell, the two minifters, with feveral others (including Hamilton's 

* One of thefe two words probably crept into the text from the margin, 
juft as "banquet or feaft," Let. 210. Similar inftances maybe noticed in 
other letters. t Yearning greedily. 

6i LETTER CCXIV. [1637. 

father-in-law, Mr Watfon, a minifter in Ireland), were taken prifoners, and 
carried to Caftle Meagrie, or Mingarie, on the coaft of Ardnamurchan, where 
they fufFered incredible hardfhips, which brought Mr Weir and Mr Watfon 
to their graves. Hamilton was liberated in May 1645, a ft ;er an imprifonment 
often months. In Auguft 1651, when the Committee of Eftates and of the 
General AfTembly, of which he was a member, were fitting at Alyth, they 
were apprehended by a party of horfe fent out by Monk immediately after his 
taking Dundee, and were fhipped for the Tower of London, where Hamilton 
was kept two years. Continuing faithful to the principles for which he had 
formerly fufFered, he was ejected from his charge in 1662, upon which he 
retired to Inverelk, and died on the 10th of March 1666. " He was naturally 
of an excellent temperament both of body and mind ; always induftrious and 
facetious in all the feveral provinces and fcenes of his life ; he was delightful to 
his friends and acquaintances, yea beloved of his enemies ; he was bold for 
truth, and tenacious in everything of moment, though naturally, and in his 
own things, among the mildeft of men ; rich in learning, intelligent, judicious, 
he was great in efteem with the greateft and wifeft." — (Raid's Hi/lory of the 
Prejbyterlan Church in Ireland^) Blair, in his Life (p. 136, Wodrow Edit.), 
mentions another James Hamilton, minifter, firft at Killileagh, in Ireland, and 
then at Ballantrae, in Scotland. Blair's firft wife was fifter to the wife of 
this James Hamilton.] 


LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — Our 
acquaintance is neither in bodily prefence, nor on paper ; 
but as fons of the fame Father, and fufferers for the fame truth. 

Let no man doubt that the ftate of our queftion, we are now 
forced to ftand to by fuffering exile and imprifonment, is, If Jefus 
mould reign over His kirk, or not ? Oh, if my finful arm could 
hold the crown on His head, howbeit it mould be fhicken off from 
the moulder-blade ! For your enfuing and feared trial, my very 
deareft in our Lord Jefus, alas ! what am I, to fpeak comfort to a 
foldier of Chrift, who hath done a hundred times more for that 
worthy and honourable caufe than I can do ? But I know, thofe 
of whom the world was not worthy wandered up and down in 
deferts, and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth ; and 

1637.] LETTER CCXIV. 63 

while there is one member of myftical Chrift out of heaven, 
that member mull fuffer ftrokes, till our Lord Jefus draw in that 
member within the gates of the New Jerufalem, which He will 
not fail to do at laft ; for not one toe or finger of that body, but it 
mall be taken in within the city. What can be our part, in this 
pitched battle betwixt the Lamb and the Dragon, but to receive the 
darts in patience, that rebound off us upon our fweet Mafter ; or 
rather light firft upon Him, and then rebound off Him upon His 
fervants ? I think it a fweet north wind, that bloweth firft upon the 
fair face of the Chief among ten thouiand, and then lighteth upon 
our finful and black faces. When once the wind bloweth off Him 
upon me, I think it hath a fweet fmell of Chrift ; and fo muft be 
fome* more than a fingle crofs. I know that ye have a guard 
about you, and your attendance and train for your fafety is far 
beyond your purfuer's force or fraud. It is good, under feud, to be 
near our ward-houfe,f and ftronghold. We can do little to refift 
them who perfecute us and oppofe Him, but keep our blood and 
our wounds to the next court-day, when our complaints mall be 
read. If this day be not Chrift's, I am fure the morrow shall be His. 
As for anything I do in my bonds, when now and then a word 
falleth from me, alas, it is very little. I am exceedingly grieved 
that any mould conceive anything to be in fuch a broken and empty 
reed. Let no man impute it to me, that the free and unbought 
wind (for I gave nothing for it) bloweth upon an empty reed. I 
am His over-burdened debtor. I cry, " Down with me, down, 
down with all the excellency of the world ; and up, up with Chrift ! " 
Long, long may that fair One, that holy One, be on high ! My 
curfe be upon them that love Him not. Oh, how glad would I be, 
if His glory would grow out and fpring up out of my bonds and 
fufferings ! Certainly, fince I became His prifoner, He hath won 
the yolk and heart of my foul. Chrift is even become a new Chrift 

* Somewhat more than a crofs. 

f Ward-houfe feems the true reading, though "warhoufe" is in former 

64 LETTER CCXIV. [1637. 

to me, and His love greener than it was. And now I ffrive no 
more with Him : His love mall carry it away. I lay down myfelf 
under His love. I defire to fing, and to cry, and to proclaim my- 
felf, even under the water, in His common,* and eternally indebted 
to His kindnefs. I will not offer to quitf commons with Him (as 
we ufed to fay), for that will not be. All, all for evermore to be 
Chrifl's ! What further trials are before me, I know not ; but I 
know that Chrift will have a faved foul of me, over on the other 
fide of the water, on the yonder-fide of croffes, and beyond men's 

I had but one eye, and that they have put out. My one joy, 
next to the flower of my joys, Chrift, was to preach my fweeteft, 
fweeteft Mafter, and the glory of His kingdom , and it feemed no 
cruelty to them to put out the poor man's one eye. And now I am 
feeking about to fee if fujferitig will fpeak my fair One's praifes ; and 
I am trying if a dumb man's tongue can raife one note, or one of 
Zion's fprings,J to advance my Well-beloved's glory. Oh, if He 
would make fome glory to Himfelf out of a dumb prifoner ! I go 
with child of His word : I cannot be delivered. None here will 
have my Mafter : alas ! what aileth them at Him ? 

I blefs you for your prayers. Add to them praifes : as I am able, 
I pay you home. I commend your diving in Chrift's Teftament ; 
I would I could fet out the dead man's good-will to His friends, in 
His fweet Teftament. Speak a prifoner's hearty commendations to 
Chrift. Fear not, your ten days § will over. Thofe that are 
gathered againft Mount Zion, their eyes fhall melt away in their eye- 
holes, and their tongues confume away in their mouths, and Chrift's 
withered garden fhall grow green again in Scotland. My Lord 
Jefus hath a word hid in heaven for Scotland, not yet brought out. 

Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

Aberdeen, July 7, 1637. ^* ^* 

* Under obligation. + To be free of obligation by requiting. 

% Tunes. § Rev. ii. 10. 

1637.] LETTER CCXV. ^ 

CCXV. — To Mistress Stuart. 

[Mrs Stuart is the wife of Provoft Stuart of Ayr, of whom fee an 
account, Let. 161.] 


llSTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I am 
forry that ye take it fo hardly that I have not written to 

I am judged to be that which I am not. I fear that if I were 
put into the fire, I mould melt away, and fall down in frireds of 
painted nature ; for truly I have little ftufF at home that is worth 
the eye of God's fervants. If there be anything of Chrift's in me 
(as I dare not deny fome of His work), it is but a fpunk* of bor- 
rowed fire, that can fcarce warm myfelf, and hath little heat for 
ftanders-by. I would fain have that which ye and others believe 
I have ; but ye are only witnefles to my outer fide, and to fome 
words on paper. Oh that He would give me more than paper- 
grace or tongue-grace ! Were it not that want paineth me, I mould 
have a fkailedf houfe, and gone a-begging long fince. But Chrift 
hath left me with fome hunger, that is more hot than wife, and is 
ready often to fay, " If Chrift longed for me as I do for Him, we 
ihould not be long in meeting ; and if He loved my company as 
well as I do His, even while I am writing this letter to you, we 
mould fly into each other's arms." But I know there is more will 
than wit in this languor and pining love for Chrift ; and no marvel, 
for ChrifVs love would have hot harveft long ere midfummer. But 
if I have any love to Him, Chrift hath both love to me, and wit to 
guide His love. And I fee that the beft thing I have hath as much 
dross befide it as might curfe me and it both ; and, if it were for 

* Spark. t Broken up and fcattered. 

VOL. 11. E 

66 LETTER CCXV. [1637. 

no more, we have need of a Saviour to pardon the very faults, and 
difeafes, and weaknefs of the new man, and to take away (to fay fo) 
our godly fins, or the fins of our falsification, and the drofs and 
fcum of fpiritual love. Wo, wo is me ! Oh, what need is there, 
then, of Chrift's calling,* to fcour, and cleanfe, and warn away an 
ugly old body of fin, the very image of Satan ! I know nothing 
furer than that there is an office for Chrift amongft us. I wifh for 
no other heaven on this fide of the laft sea that I muff, crofs, than 
this fervice of Chrift, to make my blacknefs beauty, my deadnefs 
life, my guiltinefs fanclification. I long much for that day, when I 
fhall be holy. Oh, what fpots are yet unwafhen !f Oh that I 
could change the fkin of the leopard and the Moor, and niffer % it 
with fome of Chrift's fairnefs ! Were my blacknefs and Chrift's 
beauty carded through-other § (as we ufe to fpeak), His beauty 
and holinefs would eat up my filthinefs. But, oh, I have not caften 
old Adam's hue and colour yet. I trow that the beft of us hath a 
fmell yet of the old loathfome body of fin and guiltinefs. Happy 
are they for evermore who can employ Chrift, and fet His blood 
and death on work, to make clean work to God of foul fouls. I 
know that it is our fin that we would have fanctifkation on the 
funny fide of the hill, and holinefs with nothing but fummer, and no 
croffes at all. Sin hath made us as tender as if we were made of 
paper or glafs. I am often thinking, what would I think of Chrift 
and burning quick together ! of Chrift and torturing, and hot melted 
lead poured in at mouth and navel ! Yet I have fome weak ex- 
perience (but very weak indeed), that fuppofe Chrift and hell's 
torments were married together, and if there were no finding of 
Chrift at all except I went to hell's furnace, that there, and in no 
other place, I could meet with Him, I trow, that (if I were as I have 
been fince I was His prifoner) I would beg lodging for God's fake 
in hell's hotteft furnace, that I might rub fouls with Chrift. But 
God be thanked, I fhall find Him in a better lodging. We get 

* Chrift ufing His power for fanctifying us. f Unwafhed. 

% Barter. § Piomifcuoufly blended. 

1637J LETTER CCXV. 67 

Chrift better-cheap* than fo : when He is roupedf to us, we get 
Him but with a mower of fummer troubles in this life, as lweet and 
loft to believers as a May-dew. 

I would have you and myfelf helping Chrift. myftical to weep 
for His wife. And oh that we could mourn for Chriil: buried in 
Scotland, and for His two flain witnefles, killed becaufe they pro- 
phefied ! If we could fo importune and folicit God, our buried 
Lord and His two buried witneffes mould rife again. Earth, and 
clay, and ftone, will not bear down Chrifl and the Gofpel in Scot- 
land. I know not if I mail fee the fecond temple, and the glory 
of it -, but the Lord hath deceived me if it be not to be reared up 
again. I would wifh to give Chrift His welcome home again. My 
blefling, my joy, my glory, and love be on the Home-comer. 

I find no better ufe of fuffering than that ChrifVs winnowing 
putteth chaff and corn in the faints to fundry places, and difcovereth 
our drofs from His gold, fo as corruption and grace are lb feen, 
that Chrift faith in the furnace, "That is Mine, and this is thine. 
The fcum and the grounds, thy ftomach againft the perfecutors, thy 
impatience, thy unbelief, thy quarrelling, thefe are thine ; and faith, 
on-waiting, love, joy, courage, are Mine." Oh, let me die one of 
ChrifVs on-waiters, and one of His attendants ! 

I know that your heart and Chrift are married together ; it were 
not good to make a divorce. Rue not of that meeting and marriage 
with fuch a Hufband. Pray for me, His prifoner. Grace, grace 
be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

* Cheap is " bargain," and this phrafe means, " better bargain." 
f Set up to fale by auction. 


68 LETTER CCXVL [1637. 

CCXVI. — To Mr Hugh Mackail of Irvine. 


and peace be to you. — I received your letter. I blefs 
you for it. . 

My dry root would take more dew and fummer's-rain than it 
getteth, were it not that Chrift will have drynefs and deadnefs in us 
to work upon. If there were no timber to work upon, art would 
die, and never be feen. I fee that grace hath a field, to play upon 
and to courfe up and down, in our wants ; fo that I am often 
thanking God, not for guiltinefs, but for guiltinefs for Chrift to 
whet and fharpen His grace upon. I am half content to have boils 
for the fake of the plafters of my Lord Jefus. Sicknefs hath this 
advantage, that it draweth our fweet Phyfician's hand, and His holy 
and foft fingers, to touch our withered and leper fkins. It is a 
blefTed fever that fetcheth Chrift to the bedfide. I think my Lord's 
" How doeft thou with it, fick body ?" is worth all my pained 
nights. Surely, I have no more for Chrift than emptinefs and 
want ; take or leave, He will get me no otherwife. I muff fell 
myfelf and my wants to Him ; but I have no price to give for 
Him. If He would put a fair and real feal upon His love to me, 
and beftow upon me a larger fhare of Chrift's love (which I would 
faineft * be in hands with of anything ; I except not heaven itfelf), I 
mould go on fighing and finging under His crofs. But the worft 
is, many take me for fomebody, becaufe the wind bloweth upon a 
withered prifoner ; but the truth is, that I am both lean and thin in 
that, wherein many believe I abound. I would, if bartering were 
in my power, nifTerf joy with Chrift's love and faith, and inftead 
of the hot funfhine, be content to walk under a cloudv fhadow 

More gladly pofiTeis than anything elfe. t Exchange 

1637.] LETTER CCXVL 69 

with more grief and fadnefs, to have more faith, and a fair occafion 
of fetting forth and commending Chrift, and to make that lovely 
One, that fair One, that fweeteft and deareft Lord Jefus, market- 
f\veet # for many ears and hearts in Scotland. And, if it were in 
my power, to roupf Chrift to the three kingdoms, and withal per- 
fuade buyers to come, and to take fuch fweet wares as Chrift, I 
would think to have many fweet bargains betwixt Chrift and the 
ions of men. I would that I could be humble and go with a low 
fail , I would that I had defires with wings, and running upon 
wheels, fwift, and active, and fpeedy, in longing for Chrift's honour. 
But I know that my Lord is as wife here as I dowj be thirfty ; 
and infinitely more zealous of His honour than I can be hungry for 
the manifeftation of it to men and angels. But, oh that my Lord 
would take my defires off my hand, and a thoufand-fold more unto 
them, and fow fpiritual inclinations upon them, for the coming of 
Chrift's kingdom to the fons of men, that they might be higher, 
and deeper, and longer, and broader ! For my longeft meafures 
are too fhort for Chrift, my depth is ebb, and the breadth of my 
affections to Chrift narrowed and pinched. Oh for an ingine § and 
a wit, to prefcribe ways to men how Chrift might be all, in all the 
world ! Wit is here behind affection, and affection behind obliga- 
tion. Oh, how little dowj I give to Chrift, and how much hath 
He given me ! Oh that I could fing grace's praifes, and love's 
praifes ! feeing that I was like a fool foliciting the Law, and making 
moyen || to the Law's court for mercy, and found challenges that 
way. But now I deny that judge's power ; for I am Grace's man. 
I hold not worth a drink of water, the Law, or any lord but Jefus : 
— and till I bethought me of this, I was (lain with doubtings, and 
fears, and terrors. I praife the new court, and the new landlord, 
and the new falvation, purchafed in the name of Jefus and at His 
inftance. Let the Old Man, if he pleafe, go make his moan to 

* Attractive in the market. t Set up to fale by auction. 

t Am able to be. § Difpofition and ability. 

|| Seeking to get influence. 

70 LETTER CCXVIL [1637. 

the Law, and feek acquaintance thereaway,* becaufe he is con- 
demned in that court ; I hope that the New Man (I and Chrift to- 
gether) will not be heard ;f and this is the more foft and the more 
eafy way for me and for my crofs together. Seeing that Chrift 
fingeth my welcome home, and taketh me in, and maketh fhort 
accounts and fhort work of reckoning betwixt me and my Judge, 
I muit be Chrift's man, and His tenant, and fubjecl: to His court. 
I am fure that fuffering for Chrift could not be borne otherwife ; 
but I give my hand and my faith to all who would furTer for Chrift, 
that they fhall be well handled, and fare well in the fame way, that 
I have found the crofs eafy and light. 
Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, July 8, 1637. 

CCXVIL — To Alexander Gordon of Gar loch. 

[Alexander Gordon was proprietor of Garloch, an eftate lying in 
Kells, about five miles N. W. of New Galloway. It is now corrupted into 
" Garroch." He was brother to Robert Gordon of Knockbrex, formerly 
noticed. He was a warm promoter of the Prefbyterian caufe in his day. Living- 
ftone defcribes him as a " very gracious perfon ;" and mentions him as prefent 
at a private meeting for prayer and Chriftian conference, with a number of 
" eminent Chriftians." John Gordon of Knockbrex, and his brother Robert, 
who were publicly executed in 1666, for being concerned in the infurreclion at 
Pentland Hills, were the grandchildren of the fubject of this notice. See Let. 
63. They were tried for high treafon and rebellion, and fentenced to be 
hanged at the Crofs of Edinburgh upon the 7th of December that year, their 
goods confifcated, their bodies thereafter difmembered, and their heads fixed 
on the gate of Kirkcudbright. Other eight were at the fame time condemned ; 
and the arms of all the ten (becaufe they had with uplifted hands renewed the 
Covenant at Lanark, previous to the engagement) were to be cut off and fent 
to that town, to be fixed on the top of the prifon. This fentence was executed 

* Seek a friend in that quarter. 

f Not be heard lifting up His voice in that court of the Law. 

[637.] LETTER CCXVIL 71 

in all its parts. The cafe of all the fufferers, but particularly that of the Gor- 
dons, who, as Wodrovv informs us, u were youths of mining piety, and good 
learning and parts," excited much fympathy. When turned off the ladder, 
the two brothers clafped each other in their arms, and in this affectionate em- 
brace endured the pangs of death. u They were lovely and pleafant in their 
lives, and in their death they were not divided." 

Livingftone, in the beginning of his Historical Relation of his Life, men- 
tions meetings which he ufed to hold at Airds (where Gordon of Earlfton at 
one time refided), and at Garloch, or, as it is printed in different editions, 
Gairleuch or Garleuch. Gordon of Garloch was a warm friend to the truth.] 


EAR BROTHER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 
— If Chrift were as I am, that time could work upon 
Him to alter Him, or that the morrow could bring a new 
day to Him, or bring a new mind to Him, as it is to me a new day, 
I could not keep a houfe or a covenant with Him. But I find 
Chrift to be Chrift, and that He is far, far, even infinite heavens' 
height above men ; and that is all our happinefs. Sinners can do 
nothing but make wounds, that Chrift may heal them ; and make 
debts, that He may pay them ; and make falls, that He may raife 
them ; and make deaths, that He may quicken them ; and fpin out 
and dig hells for themfelves, that He may ranfom them. Now, I 
will blefs the Lord that ever there was fuch a thing as the free grace 
of God, and a free ranfom given for fold fouls : only, alas ! guilti- 
nefs maketh me afhamed to apply to Chrift, and to think it pride in 
me to put out my unclean and withered hand to fuch a Saviour. 
But it is neither fhame nor pride for a drowning man to fwim 
to a rock, nor for a fhipbroken foul to run himfelf afhore upon 
Chrift. Suppofe once I be guilty, needforce* I dowf not go byj 
Chrift. We take in good part that pride, that beggars beg from 
the richer ; and who fo poor as we ? and who fo rich as He who 
felleth fine gold?§ I fee, then, it is our beft (let guiltinefs plead 

* Of fheer neceflity. 

f Old editions add, " I cannot," which is evidently a marginal note. 

t Pafsby. § Rev. iii. 18. 


what it lifteth), that we have no mean* under the covering of 
heaven, but to creep in lowly and mbmiffively with our wants to 
Chrift. I have alio caufe to give His crofs a good name and re- 
port. Oh, how worthy is Chrift of my fecklefsf and light fufFer- 
ing ! and how hath He deferved at my hands that, for His honour 
and glory, I mould lay my back under feven hells' pains in one, if 
He call me to that ! But, alas ! my foul is like a fhip run on 
ground through ebbnefsj of water. I am fanded,§ and my love 
is itranded, and I find not how to bring it on float again. It is lb 
cold and dead, that I fee not how to bring it to a flame. Fy, fy 
upon the meeting that my love hath given Chrift. Wo, wo is me I 
I have a lover Chrifl:, and yet I want love for Him ! I have a lovely 
and defirable Lord, who is love-worthy, and who beggeth my love 
and heart, and I have nothing to give Him ! Dear brother, come 
further in on Chrift, and fee a new treafure in Him. Come in, and 
look down, and fee angels' wonder, and heaven and earth's wonder 
of love, fweetnefs, majefly, and excellency in Him. 

I forget you not ; pray for me, that our Lord would be pleafed 
to fend me among you again, fraughted |] and full of Chrifl. 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CCXVIIL— To John Bell, Elder. 

[There is in the churchyard of Anwoth a tombftone to one of this name, 
who died a martyr, and who lived at Whitefide. This perfon may have been 
related to him. His name appears at a petition of the elders and parifhioners 
of Anwoth, prefented to the Commifiion of the General AfTembly, againft the 
removal of Rutherford from that parifh, when applications were made from 

* No refource left. f Worthlefs. % Shallownefs at low tide. 

§ " Sanded," as if it were "driven on the fands." It is like the phrafe 
" Faith being gravelled," />., non-plufled. || Freighted. 


St Andrews and Edinburgh refpeclively to obtain him. He is defignated 
" John Bell of Hentoun." {Murray s Life of Rutherford, p. 356.) Ruther- 
ford here reminds him that " old age was come upon him." He appears, 
however, to have lived many years after this ; for fo late as January 13, 1657, 
Marion Bell is retoured " heir of John Bell of Hentoun, her grandfir," who 
was probably Rutherford's correfpondent. On the fame day fhe is retoured 
heir of u James Bell of Campbelltown (in Twynholm parifh), her guidfir ; " 
and of " John Bell of Campbelltown, her father." Henton is a fmall croft, 
as you go by the fea-fide from Ardwell toward Knockbrex. It was once a 
feparate property. Before old Anwoth church was pulled down (fee Murray s 
Life of Rutherford), there flood a feat or pew, on which were cut the letters 
" J. B." and the date " 1631," underftood to belong to this fame perfon. 
And (though it occurred after Rutherford was gone to his reft) it may be 
interefting here to notice that the anceftor of the martyr, John Bell of White- 
fide (which is fituated in Anwoth), was connected with this family. The 
martyr's mother, too, was the grand-daughter of "The guidwife of Ardwell" 
(fee Let. 101). His tomb (renewed a few years ago) is a flat ftone near the 
weft end of the old church, with the date 1685. 
' i This monument fhall tell pofterity 

That blefied Bell of Whitefide here doth lie ; 

Who at command of bloody Lag was fhot, 

A murder ftrange which mould not be forgot. 

Douglas of Morton did him quarters give, 

Yet cruel Lag would not let him furvive. 

This martyr fought fome time to recommend 

His foul to God, before his days did end : 

The tyrant faid, ' What, Devil ? Ye 've prayed enough 

Thefe long feven years on mountain and in cleugh.' 

So inftantly caufed him, with other four, 

Be fhot to death upon Kirconnel Moor. 

So thus did end the lives of thefe brave faints 

For their adhering to the Covenants."] 


Y VERY LOVING FRIEND,— Grace, mercy, and 
peace be to you. — I have very often and long expected 
your letter ; but if ye be well in foul and body, I am 
the lefs folicitous. 

I befeech you, in the Lord Jefus, to mind your country above ; 


and now, when old age (the twilight going before the darknefs of 
the grave, and the falling low of your fun before your night) is 
come upon you, advife with Chrift, ere ye put your foot into the 
fhip, and turn your back on this life. Many are beguiled with 
this, that they are free of fcandalous and crying abominations ; but 
the tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is for the fire. The man 
that .is not born again cannot enter into the kingdom of God. 
Common honefty will not take men to heaven. Alas ! that men 
mould think that ever they met with Chrift, who had never a fick 
night, through the terrors of God in their fouls, or a fore heart for 
fin j I know that the Lord hath given you light, and the know- 
ledge of His will ; but that is not all, neither will that do your turn. 
I wifh you an awakened foul, and that ye beguile not yourfelf in 
the matter of your falvation. My dear brother, fearch yourfelf 
with the candle of God, and try if the life of God and Chrift. be in 
you. Salvation is not caften to every man's door. Many are carried 
over fea and land to a far country in a fhip, while-as they fleep much 
of all the way ; but men are not landed at heaven fleeping. The 
righteous are fcarcely faved ; and many run as faft as either you or 
I, who mifs the prize and the crown. God fend me falvation, and 
fave me from a difappointment, and I feek no more. Men think it 
but a flride, or ftep over to heaven •, but when fo few are faved 
(even of a number like the fand of the fea — but a handful and a 
remnant, as God's word faith), what caufe have we to fhake our- 
felves, and to afk our poor foul, " Whither goeft thou ? where fhalt 
thou lodge at night ? where are thy charters and writs of thy 
heavenly inheritance ? " I have known a man turn a key in a door, 
and lock it by. # Many men leap over, as they think, and leap in. 
Oh, fee ! fee that ye give not your falvation a wrong caft, and think 
all is well, and leave your foul loofe and uncertain. Look to your 
building, and to your ground-ftone, f and what figns of Chrift. are 
in you, and fet this world behind your back. It is time, now in 

* Miflock, or turn the key, fo as to pufh the bolt pait the focket into which 
it fhould have been put. t Foundation. 

1637.] LETTER CCXIX. 75 

the evening, to ceafe from your ordinary work, and high time to 
know of your lodging at night. It is your falvation that is in de- 
pendence ; and that is a great and weighty bufinefs, though many 
make light of the matter. 

Now, the Lord enable you by His grace to work it out. 
Your lawful and loving paftor, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

♦— ■ 

CCXIX.— To Mr John Row. 

[John Row, minifter of Carnock, was probably the perfon to whom this 
letter is addrefTed. It could not be his fori, of the fame name, who afterwards 
became minifter of St Nicholas Church, Aberdeen, and Principal of King's 
College ; for he was at this time mafter of the grammar fchool of Perth, and did 
not qualify himfelf for the miniftry till after the overthrow of Prelacy in 1638. 
John Row of Carnock, the third fon of John Row (minifter of Perth, a dis- 
tinguifhed Reformer and coadjutor of Knox) was born at Perth about the clofe 
of the year 1568. He was ordained minifter of Carnock at the end of the year 
1592, where he laboured with great affiduity and fuccefs. He oppofed the 
Perth Articles, and the introduction of Prelacy, with uncompromifing zeal. 
He is the author of a Hiftory of the Kirk of Scotland, which has been printed 
by the Wodrow Society. He died on the 26th of June 1646, aged 78.] 



yours. I blefs His high and great name, that I like my 
fweet Mafter ltlll the longer the better ; a fight of His 
crofs is more awfome* than the weight of it. I think the worft 
things of Chrift, even His reproaches and His crofs (when I look 
on thefe not with bleared eyes), far rather to be chofen than the 
laughter and worm-eaten joys of my adverfaries. Oh that they 
were as I am, except my bonds ! My witnefs is above, that my 
miniftxy, next to Chrift., is deareft to me of anything ; but I lay it 

* Full of terror ; looks worfe than it is. 

LETTER CCXX. [1637. 

down at ChrifVs feet, for His glory and His honour as fupreme 
Lawgiver, which is dearer to me. 

My dear brother, if ye will receive the teftimony of a poor 
prifoner of Chrift, who dare not now dhTemble for the world, I 
believe certainly, and expect thanks from the Prince of the kings of 
the earth, for my poor hazards (fuch as they are) for His honour- 
able caufe, whom I can never enough extol for His running-over 
love to my fad foul, fince I came hither. Oh that I could get Him 
fet on high and praifed ! I feek no more, as the top and root of my 
defires, than that Chrift. may make glory to Himfelf, and edification 
to the weaker,* out of my fufferings. I defire ye would help me 
both to pray and praife. Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 
Aberdeen, July 8, 1637. S. R. 

CCXX. — To my Lord Craighall. 


Y LORD, — I perfuade myfelf that, notwithftanding the 
greatnefs of this temptation, ye will not let Chrift want 
a witnefs of you, to avow Him before this evil genera- 
tion. And if ye advife with God's truth (the perfect teftament of 
Chrift, that forbiddeth all men's additions to His worfhip), and with 
the truly learned, and with all the fanclified in this land, and with 
that warner within you), which will not fail to fpeak againfl you, in 
God's time, if ye be not now faft and fixed for Chrift), I hope thenf 
that your Lordfhip will acquit yourfelf as a man of courage for Chrift, 
and refufe to bow your knee fuperftitioufly and idolatroufly to wood 
or ftone, or any creature whatfoever. I perfuade myfelf that when 
ye fhall take good night at this world, ye fhall think it God's truth 
I now write. 

* Philipp. i. 14. f l n that cafe. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXL 77 

Some fear that your Lordfhip hath obliged yourfelf to his 
Majefty by promife to fatisfy his defire. If it be fo, my dear and 
worthy Lord, hear me for your foul's good. Think upon fwim- 
ming afhore after this fhipwreck, and be pleafed to write your 
humble apology to his Majefty ; it may be that God will give you 
favour in his eyes. However it be, far be it from you to think a 
promife made out of weaknefs, and extorted by the terror of a king, 
ihould bind you to wrong your Lord Jefus. But for myfelf, I give 
no faith to that report, but I believe that ye will prove fait to Chrift. 
To His grace I recommend you. 

Your Lordfhip's, at all obedience in Chrifl, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, July 8, 1637. 

CCXXL— For Marion M'Naught. 

joice that you are a partaker of the fufFerings of Chrift. 
Faint not, keep breath, believe ; howbeit men, and 
hufband, and friends prove weak, yet your ftrength faileth not. It 
is not pride for a drowning man to grip to* the rock. It is your 
glory to lay hold on your Rock. O woman greatly beloved ! I 
teftify and avouch it in my Lord, that the prayers ye fent to heaven 
thefe many years bygone are come up before the Lord, and mall 
not be forgotten. What it is that will come, I cannot tell ; but I 
know that, as the Lord liveth, thefe cries fhall bring down mercy. 
I charge you, and thofe people with you, to go on without fainting 
or fear, and ftill believe, and take no nay-fay. f If ye leave off, the 
field is loft ; if ye continue, our enemies fhall be a tottering wall, 
and a bowing fence. I write it (and keep this letter), utter, utter 
delblation fhall be to your adverfaries, and to the haters of the 

* Cling to with firm hold. f Denial. 

73 LETTER CCXXIL [1637. 

Virgin-daughter of Scotland. The bride will yet fing, as in the 
days of her youth. Salvation fhall be her walls and bulwarks. 
The dry olive-tree mail bud again, and dry dead bones fhall live ; 
for the Lord will prophesy to the dry bones, and the Spirit fhall 
come upon them, and we fhall live. 

I rejoice to hear of John Carfon ! I fhall not forget him. 
Remember me to Grizzel, and Jean Brown. Your hufband hath 
made me heavy; but be courageous in the Lord. I fend bleffings 
to Samuel and William. Show them that I will them to feek God 
in their youth. 

Grace is yours. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, July 8, 1637. 

CCXXIL— To my Lady Culross. [Let. 62.] 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I am 
much refrefhed with your letter, now at length come 
to me. I find my Lord Jefus cometh not in that precife 
way that I lay wait for Him; He hath a gate* of His own. Oh, 
how high are His ways above my ways ! I fee but little of Him. 
It is beft not to offer to learnf Him a lefTon, but to give Him abfo- 
lutely His own will, in coming, going, ebbing, flowing, and in the 
manner of His gracious working. I want nothing but a back- 
burden of Chrift's love. I would go through hell, and the thick % 
of the damned devils, to have a hearty feaft of Ch riff's love ; for 
He hath fettered me with His love, and run away, and left me a 
chained man. 

* Way, manner. t Teach. % Crowd. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXIL 79 

Wo is me, that I was fo loole, rafh, vain, and gracelefs, in my 
unbelieving thoughts of Chrift's love ! But what can a foul, under 
a non-entry* (when my rights were wadfetj- and loft), do elfe, 
but make a falfe libel againft Chrift's love ! I know that yourfelf, 
Madam, and many more, will be witneffes againft me, if I repent 
not of my unbelief -, for I have been feeking the Pope's wares, fome 
hire for grace within myfelf. I have not learned, as I mould do, 
to put my flock and all my treafure into Chrift's hand ; but I would 
have a flock of mine own -, and ere I was aware, I was taking hire 
to be the Law's advocate, to feek j unification by works. I forgot 
that grace is the only garland that is worn in heaven upon the 
heads of the glorified. And now I half rejoice, that I have ficknefs 
for Chrift to work upon. Since I muft have wounds, well is J my 
foul. I have a day's work for my Phyfician, Chrift. I hope to give 
Chrift His own calling : it fetteth Him full well to cure difeafes. 

My ebbings are very low, and the tide is far out when my Be- 
loved goeth away; aad then I cry, "Oh, cruelty! to put out the 
poor man's one eye ;" and this was my joy next to Chrift, to preach 
my Well-beloved. Then I make a noife about Chrift's houfe, look- 
ing unco-like § in at His window, and cafting my love and my de- 
fires over the wall, till God fend better. I am often content that 
my bill lie in heaven till the day of my departure, providing I had 
afTurance that mercy fhall be written on the back of it. I would 
not care for on-waiting ; but when I draw in a tired arm, and an 
empty hand withal, it is much to me to keep my thoughts in order. 
But I will not get a gate || for Chrift's love. When I have done all 
I can, I would fain yield to His ftream, and row with Chrift, and 
not againft Him. But while I live, I fee that Chrift's kingdom in 
me will not be peaceable, fo many thoughts in me rife up againft His 
honour and kingly power. Surely I have not exprefTed all His 

* " Non-entry" is the condition of one, who though heir, has not yet 
obtained the legal inveftiture of his eftate from the fuperior. 

f My title-deeds pledged to others. % Good is it for my foul. 

§ Like a ftranger. || Outlet. 

80 LETTER CCXXIL [1637. 

fweet kindnels to me. I fpare to do it, left I be deemed to feek 
myfelf ; but His breath hath fmelled of the powders of the mer- 
chant, and of the King's fpikenard. I think that I conceive new 
thoughts of heaven, becaufe the card* and the map of heaven which 
He letteth me now fee is fo fair and fo fweet. I am fure that we 
are niggards, and fparing bodies in feeking. I verily judge that we 
know not how much may be had in this life ; there is yet fome- 
thing beyond all that we fee, that feeking would light upon. Oh 
that my love-ficknefs would put me to a bufinefs, when all the 
world are found deeping, to cry and knock ! But the truth is, 
that fince I came hither I have been wondering that, after my im- 
portunity to have my fill of Chaffs love, I have not gotten a real 
fign, but have come from Him crying, " Hunger, hunger." I think 
that Chrift letteth me fee meat in my extremity of hunger, and 
giveth me none of it. When I am near the apple, He draweth back 
His hand, and goeth away to caufe me follow ; and again, when I 
am within an arm-length of the apple, He maketh a new break to 
the gate,f and I have Him to feek of new. He feemeth not to pity 
my dwiningj and fwooning for His love. I dare fometimes put my 
hunger over to Him to be judged, if I would not buy Him with a 
thoufand years in the hotteft furnace in hell, fo being I might enjoy 
Him. But my hunger is fed by want and abfence. I hunger and 
I have not ; but my comfort is to lie and wait on, and to put my 
poor foul and my fufferings into ChrifVs hand. Let Him make 
anything out of me, fo being He be glorified in my falvation ; for I 
know that I am made for Him. Oh that my Lord may win His 
own gracious end in me ! I will not be at eafe, while I but ftand fo 
far aback. Oh, if I were near Him and with Him, that this poor 
foul might be fatisfied with Himfelf ! 

Your fon-in-law, W. G., is now truly honoured for his Lord 
and Matter's caufe. When the Lord is fanning Zion, it is a good 
token that he is a true branch of the vine, that the Lord beginneth 
firft to drefs Him. He is ftrong in his Lord, as he hath written 

* Chart, map. t Rufhes off again toward the road. % Pining. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXIL 81 

to me, and his wife is his encourager, which mould make you re- 

As for your fon, who is your grief, your Lord waited on you 
and me, till we were ripe, and brought us in. It is your part 
to pray and wait upon Him. When he is ripe, he will be fpoken 
for. Who can command our Lord's wind to blow ? I know that 
it mall be your good in the latter end. That is one of your waters 
to heaven, ye could not go about ;* there are the fewer behind. I 
remember you and him, and yours, as I am able ; but, alas ! I am 
believed to be fomething, and I am nothing but an empty reed. 
Wants are my beft riches, becaufe I have thefe fupplied by Chrift. 

Remember my deareft love to your brother.f I know that he 
pleadeth with his harlot-mother for her apoftafy. I know alfo that 
ye are kind to my worthy Lady Kenmure, a woman beloved of the 
Lord, who hath been very mindful of my bonds. The Lord give 
her, and her child, to find mercy in the day of Chrift ! Great men 
are dry and cold in doing for me ; the tinkling of the chains for 
Chrift affrighteth them : but let my Lord break all my idols, I will 
yet blefs Him. I am obliged to my Lord Lorn : I wifh him mercy. 

Remember my bonds with praifes ; and pray for me, that my 
Lord may leaven the north by my bonds and fufferings. 

Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

* One of the rivers which you muft crcfs. 

t James Melville of Hallhill, who fucceeded his father, Sir James Mel- 
ville. By a charter of the barony of Burntifland, granted to him 16th Janu- 
ary 1638, he became Sir James Melville of Burntifland. — Douglas' Peerage, 
vol. ii., p. 112. 

wmmmmmm «& 



CCXXIII. — To Alexander Gordon of Knockgray. 


EAR BROTHER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 
— There is no queftion but our mother-church hath a 
Father, and that me mail not die without an heir : 
her enemies mail not make Mount Zion their heritage. We fee 
that whitherfoever Zion's enemies go, fuppofe they dig many miles 
under ground, yet our Lord findeth them out : and He hath ven 
geance laid up in ftore for them, and the poor and needy mail not 
always be forgotten. Our hope was drooping and withering, and 
man was faying, " What can God make out of the old dry bones of 
this buried kirk ? " The prelates and their followers were a grave 
above us. It is like that our Lord is to open our graves, and pur- 
pofeth to caufe His two (lain witnefles to rife on the third day. Oh, 
how long wait I to hear our weeping Lord Jefus fing again, and 
triumph and rejoice, and divide the fpoil ! 

I find it hard work to believe when the courfe of providence 
goeth crofs-wife to our faith, and when milted* fouls in a dark 
night cannot know eaft by weft, and our fea-compafs feemeth to 
fail us. Every man is a believer in daylight : a fair day feemeth 
to be made all of faith and hope. What a trial of gold is it to 
fmoke it a little above the fire ! but to keep gold perfectly yellow- 
coloured amidfi: the flames, and to be turned from veffel to veffel, 
and yet to caufe our furnace to found, and fpeak, and cry the praifes 
of the Lord, is another matter. I know that my Lord made me 
not for fire, howbeit He hath fitted me in fome meafure for the 
fire. I blefs His high name that I wax not paler, neither have I loft 
the colour of gold ; and that His fire hath made me fomewhat thin,f 
and that my Lord may pour me into any veffel He pleafeth. For a 

* Enveloped in mift. t Soft. 


fmall wager I may juftly quit my part of this world's laughter, and 
give up with time, and caft. out* with the pleafures of this world. 

I know a man who wondered to fee any in this life laugh or 
fport. Surely our Lord feeketh this of us, as to any rejoicing in 
prefent perifhing things. I fee above all things, that we may fit 
down, and fold legs and arms, and ftretch ourfelves upon Chriit, 
and laugh at the feathers that children are chafing here. For I think 
the men of this world like children in a dangerous florm in the fea, 
that play and make fport with the white foam of the waves thereof, 
coming in to fink and drown them ; fo are men making fool's fports 
with the white pleafures of a ftormy world, that will fink them. 
But, alas ! what have we to do with their fports which they make ? 
If Solomon faid of laughter, that it was madnefs, what may we fay 
of this world's laughing and fporting themfelves with gold and filver, 
and honours, and court, and broad large conquefts,f but that they 
are poor fouls, in the height and rage of a fever gone mad ? Then 
a ftraw, a fig, for all created fports and rejoicing out of Chrift ! 
Nay, I think that this world, at its prime and perfection, when it 
is come to the top of its excellency and to the bloom, might be 
bought with an halfpenny ; and that it would fcarce weigh the 
worth of a drink of water. There is nothing better than to efleem 
it our crucified idol (that is, dead and flain), as Paul did. \ Then 
let pleafures be crucified, and riches be crucified, and court and 
honour be crucified. And fince the apoftle faith that the world is 
crucified to him, we may put this world to the hanged man's doom, 
and to the gallows : and who will give much for a hanged man ? 
as little mould we give for a hanged and crucified world. Yet, 
what a fweet fmell hath this dead carrion to many fools in the 
world ! and how many wooers and fuitors findeth this hanged 
carrion ! Fools are pulling it off the gallows, and contending for 
it. Oh, when will we learn to be mortified men, and to have our 
fill of thofe things that have but their fhort fummer quarter of this 
life ! If we faw our Father's houfe, and that great and fair city, the 

* Quarrel with. f Acquifitions. J Gal. vi. 14. 

84 LETTER CCXXIV. [1637. 

New Jerufalem, which is up above fun and moon, we would cry 
to be over the water, and to be carried in Chriit's arms out of this 
borrowed prifon. 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CCXXIV. — To Fulwood, the Younger. 

[WILLIAM SEMPLEof Fulwood, in Renfrewfhire, was probably conn ecled 
with Semple of Beltrees, in the parifh of Lochwinnoch.] 


UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. — Upon the report of this worthy bearer 
concerning you, I thought good to fpeak a word to you. 
It is enough for acquaintance that we are one in Chrift. 

My earnefl: defire to you is, that ye would, in the fear of God, 
compare your inch and hand-breadth of time with vaft eternity, and 
your thoughts of this now fair, blooming, and green world, with 
the thoughts which ye will have of it when corruption and worms 
will make their houfe in your eye-holes, and eat your flefh, and 
make that body dry bones. If ye fo do, I know then that your 
light of this world's vanity mall be more clear than now it is ; and 
I am perfuaded ye will then think that men's labours for this clay 
idol are to be laughed at. Therefore, come near, and take a view 
of that tranfparent beauty that is in Chrift, which would bufy the 
love of ten thoufand millions of worlds and angels, and hold them 
all at work. Surely I am grieved, that men will not fpend their 
whole love upon that royal and princely Well-beloved, that high 
and lofty One ; for it is curfed love that runneth another way than 
upon Him. As for myfelf, if I had ten loves and ten fouls, oh, 
how glad would I be, if He would break in upon me and take 

1637.] LETTER CCXXIV. 85 

poiTeiiion of them all ! Wo, wo is me, that He and I are so far 
afunder ! I hope we fhall be in one country and one houfe together. 
Truly pain of love-ficknefs for Jefus maketh me to think it long, 
long, long to the dawning of that day. Oh that He would cut 
ihort years and months and hours, and overleap time, that we might 
meet ! 

And for this truth, Sir, that ye profefs, I avow before the world 
of men and angels, that it is the way, and the only way to our 
country ; the reft are by-ways ; and, that what I furTer for is the 
apple of Ch rift's eye, even His honour as Lawgiver and King of 
His Church. I think death too little ere I forfook it. # Do not, 
Sir, I befeech you in the Lord, make Chrift's court thinner by 
drawing back from Him (it is too thin already) ; for I dare pledge 
my heaven upon it, that He will win His plea, and that the fools 
who plea againft Him fhall lofe the wager, \ which is their part of 
falvation, except they take better heed to their ways. Sir, free 
grace, that we give no hire for, is a jewel that our Lord giveth to 
few. Stand fail in the hope that you are called unto. Our Mafter 
will rend the clouds, and will be upon us quickly, and clear our 
caufe, and bring us all out in our blacks and whites. Clean, clean 
garments, in the Bridegroom's eye, are of great worth. Step over 
this hand-breadth of world's glory into our Lord's new world of 
grace, and ye will laugh at the feathers that children are chafing in 
the air. I verily judge, that this inn, which men are building their 
neft in, is not worth a drink of cold water. It is a rainy and fmoky 
houfe : belt we come out of it, left we be choked with the fmoke 
thereof. Oh that my adverfaries knew how fweet my fighs for 
Chrift are, and what it is for a finner to lay his head between 
Chrift's breafts, and to be over head and ears in Chrift's love ! 
Alas, I cannot caufe paper to fpeak the height, and breadth, and 
depth of it ! I have not a balance to weigh the worth of my Lord 

* 6i Ere I forfook.'" u Ere I could be induced to forfake" His honour as 
King, I muft be made to furTer fomething far more and worfe than death, 
f Something hazarded. 

86 LETTER CCXXV. [1637. 

Jefus. Heaven, ten heavens, would not be the beam of a balance 
to weigh Him in. I muft give over praifing Him. Angels fee but 
little of Him. Oh, if that fair one would take the mafk off His fair 
face, that I might fee Him ! A kifs of Him through His mafk is half 
a heaven. O day, dawn ! O time, run faft ! O Bridegroom, poft, 
poll: faft, that we may meet ! O heavens, cleave in two, that that 
bright face and head may fet itfelf through the clouds ! Oh that 
the corn were ripe, and this world prepared for His hook ! * Sir, 
be pleafed to remember a prifoner's bonds. Grace be with you. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, July 10, 1637. 

CCXXV. — To his Pari/fiioners. 


LORD, my crown and my joy in the day of Chrift, 
— Grace be to you, and peace from God our Father, 
and from our Lord Jefus Chrift. 

I long exceedingly to know if the oft-fpoken-of match betwixt 
you and Chrift holdeth, and if ye follow on to know the Lord. 
My day-thoughts and my night-thoughts are of you : while ye fleep 
I am afraid of your fouls, that they be off the rock. Next to my 
Lord Jefus and this fallen kirk, ye have the greateft mare of my 
forrow, and alfo of my joy ; ye are the matter of the tears, care, 
fear, and daily prayers of an oppreffed prifoner of Chrift. As I am 
in bonds for my high and lofty One, my royal and princely Mafter, 

* Sickle. 

1637-J LETTER CCXXV. 87 

my Lord Jems ; fo I am in bonds for you. For I mould have flept 
in my warm neft, and kept the fat world in my arms, and the cords 
of my tabernacle mould have been fattened more ftrongly ; I might 
have fung an evangel* of eafe to my foul and you for a time, with 
my brethren, the fons of my mother, that were angry at me, and 
have thruft me out of the vineyard : if I would have been broken, 
and drawn on to mire you, the Lord's flock, and to caufe you to eat 
paftures trodden upon with men's feet, and to drink foul and muddy 
waters. But truly the Almighty was a terror to me, and His fear 
made me afraid. O my Lord, judge if my minittry be not dear to 
me, but not fo dear by many degrees as Chrift my Lord ! God 
knoweth the fad and heavy Sabbaths I have had, fince I laid down 
at my Matter's feet my two fhepherd's ttaves. I have been often 
faying, as it is written, " My enemies chafed me fore like a bird, 
without caufe : they have cut off my life in the dungeon, and catt 
a ttone upon me."f For, next to Chritt, I had but one joy, the 
apple of the eye of my delights, to preach Chritt my Lord ; and they 
have violently plucked that away from me. It was to me like the 
poor man's one eye ; and they have put out that eye, and quenched 
my light in the inheritance of the Lord. But my eye is toward the 
Lord : I know that I fhall fee the falvation of God, and that my 
hope fhall not always be forgotten. And my forrow mail want 
nothing to complete it, and to make me fay, " What availeth it me 
to live ? " if ye follow the voice of a ttranger, of one that cometh 
into the fheep-fold not by Chrift the door, but climbeth up another 
way. If the man build his hay and ttubble upon the golden foun- 
dation, Chritt Jefus (already laid among you), and ye follow him, 
I allure you, the man's work fhall burn and never bide % God's fire : 
and ye and he both fhall be in danger of everlatting burning except 
ye repent. Oh, if any pain, any forrow, any lofs that I can fuffer for 
Chrift, and for you, were laid in pledge to buy Chrift's love to you ! 
and that I could lay my deareft joys, next to Chrift my Lord, in the 
gap betwixt you and eternal deftruction ! O if I had paper as broad 

* Gofpel, good news. \ Lam. iii. 52, 53. % Endure, be able to bear. 


as heaven and earth, and ink as the Tea and all the rivers and fountains 
of the earth, and were able to write the love, the worth, the excel- 
lency, the fweetnefs, and due praifes of our deareft. and faireft 
Well-beloved ! and then if ye could read and underftand it ! What 
could I want, if my miniftry among you fhould make a marriage 
between the little bride in thofe bounds and the Bridegroom ? Oh, 
how rich a prifoner were I, if I could obtain of my Lord (before 
whom I ftand for you) the falvation of you all ! Oh, what a prey 
had I gotten, to have you catched in ChrifVs net ! Oh, then I had 
cafl out my Lord's lines and His net with a rich gain ! Oh then, 
well-wared* pained breaft, and fore back, and crazed body, in 
fpeaking early and late to you ! My witnefs is above ; your heaven 
would be two heavens to me, and the falvation of you all as two 
falvations to me. I would fubfcribe a fufpenfion, and a f rifting \ of 
my heaven for many hundred years (according to God's good plea- 
fure), if ye were fure in the upper lodging, in our Father's houfe, 
before me. I take to witnefs heaven and earth againft you, I take 
inftrumentsf in the hands of that fun and daylight that beheld us, 
and in the hands of the timber and walls of that kirk, if I drew not 
up a fair contract of marriage betwixt you and Chrilt, if I went not 
with offers betwixt the Bridegroom and you, and your confcience 
did bear you witnefs, your mouths confefTed, that there were many 
fair tryftes§ and meetings drawn on betwixt Chrift and you at 
communion feafts, and other occafions ? There were bracelets, 
jewels, rings, and love-letters, fent to you by the Bridegroom. It 
was told you what a fair dowry ye mould have, and what a houfe 
your Hufband and ye fhould dwell in, and what was the Bride- 
groom's excellency, fweetnefs, might, power, the eternity and glory 
of His kingdom, the exceeding deepnefs of His love, who fought 
His black wife through pain, fires, fhame, death, and the grave, 
and fwimmed the fait fea for her, undergoing the curfe of the law, 
and then was made a curfe for you ; and ye then confented, and 

* Well laid out. t Delaying till a future time. 

\ Take documents to atteft. § Appointed meetings. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXV. 89 

faid, " Even lb I take Him." I counfel you to beware of the new 
and ftrange leaven of men's inventions, befide and againft the word 
of God, contrary to the oath of this kirk, now coming among you. 
I inftructed you of the fuperfHtion and idolatry in kneeling in the 
inftant of receiving the Lord's Supper, and of croffing in baptilm, 
and of the obferving of men's days, without any warrant of Chrift 
our perfect Lawgiver. Countenance not the furplice, the attire of 
the mafs-prieff, the garment of Baal's priefts. The abominable 
bowing to altars of tree* is coming upon you. Hate, and keep 
yourfelves from idols. Forbear in any cafe to hear the reading of 
the new fatherlefs fer vice-book, f full of grofs herefies, popifh and 
fuperftitious errors, without any warrant of Chrift., tending to the 
overthrow of preaching. You owe no obedience to the baftard 
canons ; they are unlawful, blafphemous, and fuperftitious. All 
the ceremonies that lie in Antichrift's foul womb, the wares of that 
great mother of fornications, the kirk of Rome, are to be refufed. 
Ye fee whither they lead you. Continue flill in the doctrine which 
ye have received. Ye heard of me the whole counfel of God. 
Sew no clouts upon Chrift's robe. Take Chrift, in His rags and 
lofTes, and as perfecuted by men, and be content to figh and pant up 
the mountain, with ChrifVs crofs on your back. Let me be reputed 
a falfe prophet (and your confcience once faid the contrary), if your 
Lord Jefus will not ftand by you and maintain you, and maintain 
your caufe againft your enemies. 

I have heard, and my foul is grieved for it, that fince my de- 
parture from you, many among you are turned back from the good 
old way, to the dog's vomit again. Let me fpeak to thefe men. It 
was not without God's fpecial direction, that the firft fentence that 
ever my mouth uttered to you was that, " And Jefus faid, For judg- 
ment I am come into this world, that they which fee not might fee ; 
and that they which fee might be made blind." % It is poflible that 
my firft meeting and yours may be when we fhall both ftand before 

* Wood. f See Let. 161. The Service-book, which has no author's name. 
X John ix. .19. 

90 LETTER CCXXV. [1637. 

the dreadful Judge of the world ; and in the name and authority of 
the Son of God, my great King and Mafter, I write, by thefe pre- 
fents, fummonfes to thofe men. I arreft their fouls and bodies to 
the day of our compearance.* Their eternal damnation itandeth 
fubfcribed, and fealed in heaven, by the hand-writing of the great 
Judge of quick and dead 5 and I am ready to ftand up, as a preach- 
ing witnefs againft fuch to their face, on that day, and to fay " Amen" 
to their condemnation, except they repent. The vengeance of the 
Gofpel is heavier than the vengeance of the Law ; the Mediator's 
malediction and vengeance is twice vengeance ; and that vengeance 
is the due portion of fuch men. And there I leave them as bond 
men, aye and whillf they repent and amend. 

Ye were witnefles how the Lord's day was fpent while I was 
among you. O facrilegious robber of God's day, what wilt thou 
anfwer the Almighty when He feeketh fo many Sabbaths back again 
from thee ? What will the curfer, fwearer, and blafphemer do, when 
his tongue mall be roafted in that broad and burning lake of fire and 
brimftone ? And what will the drunkard do, when tongue, lungs, 
and liver, bones, and all, fhall boil and mail fry in a torturing fire ? 
He fhall be far from his barrels of ftrong drink then ; and there is 
not a cold well of water for him in hell. What fhall be the cafe of 
the wretch, the covetous man, the oppreffor, the deceiver, the earth- 
worm, who can never get his wombful J of clay, when, in the day 
of Chrift, gold and filver muff lie burnt in afhes, and he muff com- 
pear* and anfwer his Judge, and quit his clayey and noughty§ 
heaven ? Wo, wo, for evermore, be to the time-turning atheilt, 
who hath one god and one religion for fummer, and another god 
and another religion for winter, and the day of fanning, when Chrift 
fanneth all that is in His barn-floor : who hath a confcience for 
every fair and market, and the foul of him runneth upon these 
oiled wheels, time, cuftom, the world, and command of men. Oh, 

* Appearing in court in obedience to legal fummons. 

t Ever and till, ever onward till. { Bellyful, as Ps. xvii. 14. 

§ That has nought in it. 


if the carelefs atheift, and fleeping man, who edgeth by* all with, 
" God forgive our paftors if they lead us wrong, we muff do as 
they command," and layeth down his head upon time's bofom, and 
giveth his confcience to a deputy, and fleepeth fo, whillf the fmoke 
of hell-fire fly up in his throat, and caufe him to ftart out of his 
doleful bed ! Oh, if fuch a man would awake ! Many woes are 
for the over-gilded and gold-plaftered hypocrite. A heavy doom is 
for the liar and white-tongued flatterer ; and the flying book of 
God's fearful vengeance, twenty cubits long, and ten cubits broad, 
that goeth out from the face of God, fliall enter into the houfe, and 
in upon the foul of him that ftealeth, and fweareth falfely by God's 
name.J I denounce eternal burning, hotter than Sodom's flames, 
upon the men that boil in filthy luffs of fornication, adultery, inceft, 
and the like wickednefs. No room, no, not a foot-broad, § for fuch 
vile dogs within the clean Jerufalem. Many of you put off all with 
this, " God forgive us, we know no better." I renew my old 
anfwer : the Judge is coming in flaming fire, with all His mighty 
angels, to render vengeance to all thofe that know not God, and 
believe not.|| I have often told you that fecurity will flay you. 
All men fay they have faith : as many men and women now, as 
many faints in heaven. And all believe (fay ye) ; fo that every foul 
dog is clean enough, and good enough, for the clean and new 
Jerufalem above. Every man hath converfion and the new birth ; 
but it is not leal % come. They had never a fick night for fin ; con- 
verfion came to them in a night-dream. In a word, hell will be 
empty at the day of judgment, and heaven pang** full ! Alas ! it 
is neither eafy nor ordinary to believe and to be faved. Many muft 
ftand, in the end, at heaven's gates.f f When they go to take out their 
faith, they take out a fair nothing, or (as ye ufe to fpeak) a blaflum.Jf 
Oh, lamentable disappointment ! I pray you, I charge you in the 
name of Chrift, make faff work of Chrift and falvation. 

* Pufhes afide thefe warnings, f Till. £ Zech. v. 2, 3. § Foot-breadth. 
|| 2 Thess. i. 8. f Genuinely, lawfully got. ** Crammed. 

ft Luke xiii. 25. t+ Mockery, illufion. 

92 LETTER CCXXV. [1637. 

I know there are fome believers among you, and I write to you, 
O poor broken-hearted believers : all the comforts of Chrift in the 
Old and New Teftaments are yours. Oh, what a Father and 
Hufband ye have ! Oh, if I had pen and ink, and ingine* to write 
of Him ! Let heaven and earth be confolidated into mafty and pure 
gold, it will not weigh the thoufandth part of ChrifVs love to a foul, 
even to me a poor prifoner. Oh, that is a mafty and marvellous 
love ! Men and angels ! unite your force and ftxength in one, ye 
mall not heave nor poife it off the ground. Ten thoufand worlds, 
as many worlds as angels can number, and then as a new world of 
angels can multiply, would not all be the balkf of a balance to 
weigh Chrift's excellency, fweetnefs, and love. Put ten earths into 
one, and let a rofe grow greater than ten whole earths, or whole 
worlds, oh, what beauty would be in it, and what a fmell would it 
caft ! But a blaft of the breath of that faireft Rofe in all God's 
paradife, even of Chrift Jefus our Lord, one look of that faireft 
face, would be infinitely in beauty, and fmell, above all imaginable 
and created glory. I wonder that men dow bide J off Chrift. I 
would efteem myfelf Hefted, if I could make an open proclamation, 
and gather all the world, that are living upon the earth, Jew and 
Gentile, and all that fhall be born till the blowing of the laft trum- 
pet, to flock round about Chrift, and to ftand looking, wondering, 
admiring, and adoring His beauty and fweetnefs. For His fire is 
hotter than any other fire, His love fweeter than common love, His 
beauty furpafteth all other beauty. When I am heavy and fad, one 
of His love-looks would do me meikle worlds' good. § Oh, if ye 
would fall in love with Him, how Hefted were I ! how glad would 
my foul be to help you to love Him ! But amongft us all, we 
could not love Him enough. He is the Son of the Father's love, 
and God's delight ; the Father's love lieth all upon Him. Oh, if 
all mankind would fetch all their love and lay it upon Him ! In- 

* Ability and difpofition. 

f Balk y the beam. It meant originally a ridge. % Are able to keep from Him. 

§ More good than many worlds, or fubftantial good. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXV. 93 

vite Him, and take Him home to your houfes, in the exercife of 
prayer morning and evening, as I often defired you ; efpecially now, 
let Him not want lodging in your houfes, nor lie in the fields, when 
He is fhut out of pulpits and kirks. If ye will be content to take 
heaven by violence and the wind on your face for Chrift and His 
crofs, I am here one who hath fome trial of Chrift's crofs, and I 
can fay, that Chrift was ever kind to me, but He overcometh Him- 
felf (if I may fpeak fo) in kindnefs while I fufTer for Him. I give 
you my word for it, Chrift's crofs is not fo evil as they call it ; it is 
fweet, light, and comfortable. I would not want the vifitations of 
love, and the very breathings of Chrift's mouth when He kilTeth, 
and my Lord's delightfome fmiles and love-embracements under my 
fufferings for Him, for a mountain of gold, or for all the honours, 
court, and grandeur of velvet kirkmen.* Chrift hath the yolk f 
and heart of my love. " I am my Beloved's, and my Well-beloved 
is mine." 

Oh that ye were all hand-faftedj to Chrift ! O my dearly-be- 
loved in the Lord, I would I could change my voice, and had a 
tongue tuned by the hands of my Lord, and had the art of fpeaking 
of Chrift, that I might point out to you the worth, and highnefs, 
and greatnefs, and excellency of that faireft and renowned Bride- 
groom ! I befeech you by the mercies of the Lord, by the fighs, 
tears, and heart's-blood of our Lord Jefus, by the falvation of your 
poor and precious fouls, fet up § the mountain, that ye and I may 
meet before the Lamb's throne amongft the congregation of the 
firft-born. Lord grant that that may be the tryfting-place ! || that 
ye and I may put up our hands together, and pluck and eat the 
apples off the tree of life, and that we may feaft together, and drink 
together of that pure river of the water of life, that cometh out 
from the throne of God and of the Lamb. Oh, how little is your 
hand-breadth and fpan-length of days here ! Your inch of time 

* High Churchmen. f The innermoft part. 

% Betrothed by joining hands. § Set to to climb. 

|| Meeting-place by appointment. 

94 LETTER CCXXV. [1637 

is lefs than when ye and I parted. Eternity, eternity is coming, 
potting on with wings ; then mall every man's blacks and whites 
be brought to light. Oh, how low will your thoughts be of this 
fair-fkinned but heart-rotten apple, the vain, vain, fecklefs world, 
when the worms mail make them houfes in your eye-holes, and 
fhall eat off the flefh from the balls of your cheeks, and fhall make 
that body a number of dry bones ! Think not that the common 
gate* of ferving God, as neighbours and others do, will bring you 
to heaven. Few, few are faved. The devil's court is thickf and 
many ; he hath the greateft number of mankind for his valTals. I 
know this world is a foreft of thorns in your way to heaven ; but 
you muft go through it. Acquaint yourfelves with the Lord : hold 
faft Chrift. ; hear His voice only. Blefs His name ; fancYify and 
keep holy His day ; keep the new commandment, " Love one 
another j" let the Holy Spirit dwell in your bodies ; and be clean 
and holy. Love not the world : lie not, love and follow truth : 
learn to know God. Keep in mind what I taught you ; for God 
will feek an account of it, when I am far from you. Abftain from 
all evil, and all appearance of evil : follow good carefully, and feek 
peace and follow after it : honour your king, and pray for him. 
Remember me to God in your prayers ; I dow not forget you. I 
told you often while I was with you, and now I write it again, 
heavy, fad, and fore is that ftroke of the Lord's wrath that is coming 
upon Scotland. Wo, wo, wo, to this harlot-land ! for they fhall 
take the cup of God's wrath from His hands, and drink, and fpue, 
and fall, and not rife again. In, in, in with fpeed to your ftrong- 
hold, ye prifoners of hope, and hide you there whill the anger of 
the Lord pafs ! Follow not the paftors of this land, for the fun is 
gone down upon them. As the Lord liveth, they lead you from 
Chrift, and from the good old way. Yet the Lord will keep the 
holy city, and make this withered kirk to bud again like a rofe, 
and a field blelTed of the Lord. 

The grace of the Lord Jefus Chrift. be with you all. The 

* Way, manner. t Crowded. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXVI. 95 

prayers and Wettings of a prifoner of Chrift, in bonds for Him, and 
for you, be with you all. Amen. 

Your lawful and loving pallor, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, July 13, 1637. 

CCXXVI. — To the Lady Kilconquhair. 

[Lady Kilconquhair, whofe maiden name was Helen Murray, being 
the third daughter of Sir Archibald Murray of Blackbarony, was the wife of 
Sir John Carftairs of Kilconquhair, in the county of Fife. Her mother, Mar- 
garet Maule, was of the family of Panmure.] 


ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I am 
glad to hear that ye have your face homewards towards 
your Father's houfe, now when fo many are for a home 
nearer hand.* But your Lord calleth you to another life and glory 
than is to be found hereaway ;f and, therefore, I would counfel you 
to make fure the charters and rights which ye have to falvation. 
You came to this life about a neceflary and weighty bufinefs, to 
tryftej with Chrift anent§ your precious foul, and the eternal falva- 
tion of it. This is the molt necefTary bufinefs ye have in this life ; 
and your other adoes || befide this are but toys, and feathers, and 
dreams, and fancies. This is in the greateft hafte, and mould be 
done firit. Means are ufed in the Gofpel to draw on a meeting 
betwixt Chrift and you. If ye neglecl: your part of it, it is as if ye 
would tear the contract before Chrift's eyes, and give up the match, 
that there may be no more communing about that bufinefs. I know 

* Nearer at hand. f In this quarter; the prefent ftate of things. 

t To meet with for bufinefs. § Concerning. 

|| Things that keep you bufily engrofied. 

9^ LETTER CCXXVL [1637. 

that other lovers befide Chrift are in fuit of you, and your foul hath 
many wooers ; but I pray you to make a chafte virgin of your foul, 
and let it love but one. Molt worthy is Chrift. alone of all your 
foul's love, howbeit your love were higher than the heaven, and 
deeper than the loweft of this earth, and broader than this world. 
Many, alas! too many, make a common ftrumpet of their foul for 
every lover that cometh to the houfe. Marriage with Chrift would 
put your love and your heart by the gate,* out of the way, and out 
of the eye of all other unlawful fuitors ; and then you have a ready 
anfwer for all others, "lam already promifed away to Chrift ; the 
match is concluded, my foul hath a hufband already, and it cannot 
have two hufbands." Oh, if the world did but know what a fmell 
the ointments of Chrift caft, and how ravifhing His beauty (even the 
beauty of the faireft of the fons of men) is, and how fweet and 
powerful His voice is, the voice of that one Well-beloved ! Cer- 
tainly, where Chrift cometh, He runneth away with the foul's 
love, fo that it cannot be commanded. I would far rather look but 
through the hole of Chrift's door, to fee but the one half of His 
faireft and molt comely face (for He looketh like heaven !), fuppofe 
I mould never win in to fee His excellency and glory to the full, 
than enjoy the flower, the bloom, and the chiefeft excellency of the 
glory and riches of ten worlds. Lord, fend me, for my part, but 
the meaneft fhare of Chrift that can be given to any of the 
indwellers of the New Jerufalem. But I know my Lord is no 
niggard : He can, and it becometh Him well to give more than 
my narrow foul can receive. If there were ten thoufand thoufand 
millions of worlds, and as many heavens full of men and angels, 
Chrift would not be pinched to fupply all our wants, and to 
fill us all. Chrift is a well of life ; but who knoweth how 
deep it is to the bottom ? This foul of ours hath love, and can- 

* Probably the next claufe is the infertion of an editor, and we fhould 
limply read, " By the gate, and out of the eye." — It would put your heart 
out of the way, and out of fight, of all others. Unlefs " gate" here be 
" door," which would not be Rutherford's ufual ftyle. 

r637-] LETTER CCXXVL 97 

not but love ibme fair one. And oh, what a fair One, what an 
only One, what an excellent, lovely, ravifhing One, is Jefus ! Put 
the beauty of ten thoufand thoufand worlds of paradifes, like the 
garden of Eden in one ; put all trees, all flowers, all fmells, all 
colours, all taftes, all joys, all fweetnefs, all lovelinefs, in one : oh, 
what a fair and excellent thing would that be ! And yet it would 
be lefs to that fair and deareft Well-beloved, Chrift, than one drop 
of rain to the whole feas, rivers, lakes, and fountains of ten thou- 
fand earths. Oh, but Chrift is heaven's wonder, and earth's won- 
der ! What marvel that His bride faith,* "He is altogether lovely !" 
Oh that black fouls will not come and fetch all their love to this 
fair One ! Oh, if I could invite and perfuade thoufands, and ten 
thoufand times ten thoufand of Adam's fons, to flock about my 
Lord Jefus, and to come and take their fill of love ! Oh, pity for 
evermore, that there fhould be fuch a one as Chrift Jefus, fo bound- 
lefs, fo bottomlefs, and fo incomparable in infinite excellency and 
fweetnefs, and fo few to take Him ! Oh, oh, ye poor, dry, and 
dead fouls, why will ye not come hither with your toomf vefTels, 
and your empty fouls, to this huge, and fair, and deep, and fweet 
well of life, and fill all your toomf vefTels ? Oh that Chrift fhould 
be fo large in fweetnefs and worth, and we fo narrow, fo pinched, 
fo ebb, % and fo void of all happinefs. And yet men will not take 
Him ! They lofe their love miferably, who will not beftow it upon 
this lovely One. Alas ! thefe five thoufand years, Adam's fools, 
his waiter § heirs, have been wafting and lavifhing out their love 
and their affections upon black lovers, and black harlots, upon bits 
of dead creatures, and broken idols, upon this and that fecklefs || 
creature ; and have not brought their love and their heart to Jefus. 
Oh, pity, that Fairnefs hath fo few lovers ! Oh, wo, wo to the 
fools of this world, who run byf Chrift to other lovers! Oh, 
mifery, mifery, mifery, that comelinefs can fcarce get three or four 
hearts in a town or country ! Oh that there is fo much fpoken, 

* Cant. v. 16. t Empty. % Shallow. 

§ Wasteful, prodigal. Prov. xviii. 9. || Worthlefs. 1" Run paft. 

98 LETTER CCXXVL [1637. 

and fo much written, and fo much thought of creature vanity ; and 
fo little fpoken, fo little written, and fo little thought of my great, 
and incomprehenfible, and never enough wondered at Lord Jefus ! 
Why fhould I not curfe this forlorn and wretched world, that 
fuffereth my Lord Jefus to lie His lone ? * O damned fouls ! O 
mifkenningf world ! O blind, O beggarly and poor fouls ! O 
bewitched fools ! what aileth you at Chrift, that you run fo from 
Him ? I dare not challenge providence, that there are fo few 
buyers, and fo little fale for fuch an excellent one as Chrift. (O 
the depth, and, O the height of my Lord's ways, that pafs finding 
out !) But oh, if men would once be wife, and not fall fo in love 
with their own hell as to pafs by Chrift, and mifken Him ! f But 
let us come near, and fill ourfelves with Chrift, and let His friends 
drink, and be drunken, and fatisfy our hollow and deep defires with 
Jefus. Oh, come all and drink at this living well •, come, drink 
and live for evermore j come, drink and welcome ! " Welcome," 
faith our faireft. Bridegroom. No man getteth Chrift with ill will ; 
no man cometh and is not welcome. No man cometh and ruethj 
his voyage : § all men fpeak well of Chrift who have been at Him : 
men and angels who know Him will fay more than I dow || do, and 
think more of Him than they can fay. Oh, if I were mifted f and 
bewildered in my Lord's love ! Oh, if I were fettered and chained 
to it ! Oh, fweet pain, to be pained for a fight of Him ! Oh, 
living death, oh, good death, oh, lovely death, to die for love 
of Jefus ! Oh that I fhould have a fore heart, and a pained foul, 
for the want of this and that idol ! Wo, wo to the miftakings 
of my mifcarrying heart, that gapeth and crieth for creatures, and 
is not pained, and cut, and tortured, and in forrow, for the want 
of a foul's-fill of the love of Chrift ! Oh that Thou wouldft come 
near, my Beloved ! O my faireft One, why ftandeft Thou afar ! 
Come hither, that I may be fatiated with Thy excellent love. Oh 
for a union ! oh for a fellowfhip with Jefus ! Oh that I could buy 

* Unviiited, all alone. t Miftaken; that overlook what is real. 

\ Repents. § Journey. || Am able to do. f Loft in a mift. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXVL 99 

with a price that lovely One, even fuppofe that hell's torments for 
a while were the price ! I cannot believe but Chrift will rue* upon 
His pained lovers, and come and eafe Tick hearts, who figh and 
fwoon for want of Chrift. Who dow bide drift's love to be nice?f 
What heaven can be there liker to hell, than to luft, and green, % 
and dwine,§ and fall a fwoon for Chrift's love, and to want it ? Is 
not this hell and heaven woven through-other ? || Is not this pain 
and joy, fweetnefs and fadnefs, to be in one web, the one the weft, 
the other the warp ? Therefore, I would that Chrift would let 
us meet and join together, the foul and Chrift in each other's arms. 
Oh what meeting is like this, to fee blacknefs and beauty, contemp- 
tiblenefs and glory, highnefs and bafenefs, even a foul and Chrift, 
kifs each other ! Nay, but when all is done, I may be wearied in 
fpeaking and writing ; but, oh, how far am I from the right ex- 
preflion of Chrift or His love ? I can neither fpeak nor write feel- 
ing, nor tailing, nor fmelling : come feel, and fmell, and tafte 
Chriit and His love, and ye fhall call it more than can be fpcken. 
To write how fweet the honeycomb is, is not fo lovely as to eat and 
fuck the honeycomb. One night's reft in a bed of love with Chrift 
will fay more than heart can think, or tongue can utter. Neither 
need we fear crofTes, nor figh nor be fad for anything that is on this 
fide of heaven, if we have Chrift. Our crofles will never draw 
blood of the joy of the Holy Ghoft, and peace of confcience. Our 
joy is laid up in fuch a high place, as temptations cannot climb up 
to take it down. This world may boft^[ Chrift, but they dare not 
ftrike ; or, if they ftrike, they break their arm in fetching a ftroke 
upon a rock. Oh that we could put our treafures in Chrift's hand, 
and give Him our gold to keep, and our crown. Strive, Miftrefs, to 
thring** through the thorns of this life, to be at Chrift. Tinef \ not 
fight of Him in this cloudy and dark day. Sleep with Him in your 

* Pity. f Can bear to find Chrift chary, or capricious, in His love. 

\ Defire, and greedily yearn for. § Pine. 

|| The one into the other. % Threaten angrily to give a blow, 

** Prefs through. ft Lofe. 

ioo LETTER CCXXVIL [1637. 

heart in the night. Learn not at the world to ferve Chrifl, but 
fpeer * at Himfelf the way ; the world is a falfe copy, and a lying 
guide to follow. 

Remember my love to your hufband. I wifh all to him that I 
have written here. The fweet prefence, the long-lafting good-will 
of our God, the warmly f and lovely comforts of our Lord Jefus, 
be with you. Help me His prifoner in your prayers ; for I re- 
member you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Auguft 8, 1637. 

CCXXVIL— To my Lord Craighall. 


Y LORD, — I received one letter of your Lordfhip's 
from C, and another of late from A. B., wherein I 
find your Lordfhip in perplexity what to do. But let 
me entreat your Lordfhip not to caufe yourfelf to miftake Truth 
and Chrift, becaufe they feem to encounter with your peace and 
eafe. My Lord, remember that a prifoner hath written this to you, 
that, " as the Lord liveth, if ye put to your hand with other 
apoftates in this land, to pull down the fometimej beautiful taber- 
nacle of Chrilt in this land, and join hands with them in one hair- 
breadth to welcome Antichrifl to Scotland, there is wrath gone out 
from the Lord againfl you and your houfe." If the terror of a 
king hath overtaken you, and your Lordfhip looketh to fleep in 
your neft in peace, and to take the neareft more, there are many 
ways (too, too many ways) how to fhift Chrift with fome ill— 

* Inquire at. f Heart-warming. % Once. 

r637-] LETTER CCXXVU. 101 

wafhen* and foul diftinclions. But afTure yourfelf, fuppofe a king 
fhould afTure you that he would be your god (as he fhall never be) 
for that piece of fervice, your clay god fhall die. And your carnal 
counfellors, when your confcience fhall florm againfl you, and ye 
complain to them, will fay, " What is this to us ?" Believe not 
that Chrift is weak, or that He is not able to fave. Of two fires 
that you cannot pafs, take the leafl. Some few years will bring us 
all out in our blacks and whites before our Judge. Eternity is nearer 
to you than you are aware of. To go on in a courfe of defection, 
when an enlightened confcience is ftirring, and looking you in the 
face, and crying within you, " That you are going in an evil way," 
is a ftep to the fin againfl the Holy Ghofl. Either many of this 
land are near that fin, or elfe I know not what it is. And if this, 
for which I now fuffer, be not the way of peace and the King's high- 
way to falvation, I believe there is not a way at all. There is not 
fuch breadth and elbow-room in the way to heaven as men believe. 
Howbeit this day be not Chrift's, the morrow fhall be His. I 
believe aiTuredly that our Lord will repair the old wafte places, and 
His ruined houfes in Scotland ; and that this wildernefs mall yet 
blofTom as the rofe. My very worthy and dear Lord, wait upon 
Him who hideth His face from the houfe of Jacob, and look for 
Him. Wait patientiy a little upon the Bridegroom's return again, 
that your foul may live, and that ye may rejoice with the Lord's in- 
heritance. I dare pawn my foul and life for it, that if ye take this 
ftorm with borne-down Chrifl, your fky fhall quickly clear, and 
your fair morning dawn. Think (as the truth is) that Chrift is 
juft now faying, " And will ye alfo leave Me ?" Ye have a fair 
occafion to gratify Chrift now, if ye will flay with Him, and want 
the night's deep with your fufTering Saviour one hour, now when 
Scotland hath fallen afleep, and leaveth Chrift to fendf for Himfelf. 
I profefs myfelf but a weak, feeble man. When I came firft to 
Chrift's camp, I had nothing to maintain this war, or to bear me out 
in this encounter ; and I am little better yet. But fince I find furni- 

* Ill-wafhed, dirty. f Shia for. 

102 LETTER CCXXVIL [1637. 

ture, armour, and ftrength from the confecrated Captain, the Prince 
of our falvation, who was perfected through fufFering, I efteem fuf- 
fering for Chrift. a king's life. I find that our wants qualify us for 
Chrift. And, howbeit your Lordfhip write that ye defpair to attain 
to fuch a communion and fellowship (which I would not have you 
to think), yet, would ye nobly and courageoufly venture to make 
over to Chrift, for His honour now lying at the ftake, your eitate, 
place, and honour, He would lovingly and largely requite you, and 
give you a king's word for a recompenfe. Venture upon Chrifl's 
" Come," and I dare fwear ye will fay, " I blefs the Lord who gave 
me counfel."* My very worthy Lord, many eyes, in both the king- 
doms, are upon you now, and the eye of our Lord is upon you. 
Acquit yourfelf manfully for Chrift ; fpillf not this good play. 
Subfcribe a blank iubmifilon, and put it into Chriit's hands. Win, 
win the bleflings and prayers of your fighing and forrowful mother- 
church feeking your help : win Chrift's bond (who is a King of His 
word J), for a hundredfold more even in this life. 

If a weak man§ hath parted a promife to a king, to make flip 
to Chrift (if we look to flefh and blood, I wonder not of it ; pos- 
fibly I might have done worfe myfelf), add not further guiltinefs to 
go on in fuch a fcandalous and foul way. Remember that there is 
a wo, wo to him by whom offences come. This wo came out of 
Chrifl's mouth, and it is heavier than the wo of the law. It is the 
Mediator's vengeance, and that is two vengeances to thofe who are 
enlightened. Free yourfelf from unlawful anguifh, about advifing 
and refolving. When the truth is come to your hand, hold it faft ; 
go not again to make a new fearch and inquiry for truth. It is eafy 
to caufe confcience to believe as ye will, not as ye know. It is eafy 
for you to caft your light into prifon, and detain God's truth in 
unrighteoufnefs : but that prifoner will break ward, to your incom- 
parable torture. Fear your light, and ftand in awe of it : for it is 

* Ps. xvi. 7. f Spoil. % That keeps His word, and has the power to do it. 
§ That is, If you, in a moment of weaknefs, have made a rafh promife that 
gives Chrift the go-by. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXV1IL 103 

from God. Think what honour it is in this life alfo to be enrolled 
to the fucceeding ages amongit Chrift's witneffes, ftanding againft 
the re-entry of Antichrift. I know certainly that your light, looking 
to two ways, and to the two fides, crieth fhame upon the courfe 
that they would counfel you to follow. The way that is halver 
and copartner with the fmoke of this fat world,* and wit and eafe, 
fmelleth ftrong of a foul and falfe way. 

The Prince of peace, He who brought again from the dead the 
great Shepherd of His iheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant, 
eftablifh you, and give you found light, and counfel you to follow 
Chrift. Remember my obliged fervice to my Lord your father, 
and mother, and your lady. 

Grace be with you. 

Your Lordfhip's, at all obliged obedience, in his iweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Auguji 10, 1637. 

CCXXVIII.— To Mr James Fleming. 

[James Fleming was minifter of Bathans, now called Yefter, a parifh 
in the Prefbytery of Haddington, Eaft Lothian. He had previoufly lived 
fome time in England, and is defcribed by Livingftone as "an ingenuous, 
fingle-hearted man." Livingftone was related to him, having been married to 
the eldeft daughter of his brother, Bartholomew Fleming, merchant in Edin- 
burgh, and was prefent with him at his " gracious death." Holding Prefby- 
terian principles, Fleming was oppofed to Prelacy, and the ceremonies which 
James VI. and Charles I. were fo zealous in attempting to impofe on the 
Church of Scotland. In the controverfy occalioned by the Public Refolutions, 
he took the fide of the party favourable to them. He was firft married to 
Martha, eldeft daughter of John Knox, the celebrated Scottifh Reformer. 
When confiderably advanced in life, he married a fecond wife, by whom he 
had the well-known Robert Fleming, the author of the Fulfilling of the 
Scriptures, who was firft minifter of Cambuflang, and afterwards of the 
Scottifh congregation in Rotterdam, whither he retired fome years after his 
ejection for non-conformity, on the reftoration of Charles II.] 

* Ps. xxxvii- 20. 

io4 • LETTER CCXXVIIL [1637. 



LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I re- 
ceived your letter, which hath refreshed me in my 
bonds. I cannot but teftify unto you, my dear brother, what 
fweetnefs I find in our Matter's crofs ; but, alas, what can I either 
do or fufFer for Him ! If I my lone * had as many lives as there 
have been drops of rain fince the creation, I would think them too 
little for that lovely One, our Well-beloved ; but my pain and my 
for row is above my fufferings, that I find not ways to fet out the 
praifes of His love to others. I am not able, by tongue, pen, or 
fufferings, to provoke many to fall in love with Him : but He 
knoweth, whom I love to ferve in the Spirit, what I would do and 
fufFer by His own ftrength, fo being that I might make my Lord 
Jefus lovely and fweet to many thoufands in this land. I think it 
amongft God's wonders, that He will take any praife or glory, or 
any teftimony to His honourable caufe, from fuch a forlorn finner 
as I am. But when Chrift worketh, He needeth not afk the ques- 
tion, by whom He will be glorious. I know (feeing His glory at the 
beginning did lhine out of poor nothing, to fet up fuch a fair houfe 
for men and angels, and fo many glorious creatures, to proclaim His 
goodnefs, power, and wifdom), that, if I were burnt to allies, out of 
the fmoke and powder of my diflblved body He could raife glory 
to Himfelf. His glory is His end : oh that I could join with Him 
to make it my end ! I would think that fellowship with Him fweet 
and glorious. But, alas ! few know the guiltinefs that is on my 
part : it is a wonder, that this good caufe hath not been marred 
and fpilledf in my foul hands. But I rejoice in this, that my fweet 
Lord Jefus hath found fomething ado, even a ready market for 
His free grace and incomparable and matchlefs mercy, in my wants. 

* I alone t Spoilt- 

r637-] LETTER CCXXVUL 105 

Only my loathfome wretchednefs and my wants have qualified me 
for Chrift, and the riches of His glorious grace. He behoved to 
take me for nothing, or elfe to want me. Few know the unfeen 
and private reckonings betwixt Chrift and me ; yet His love, His 
boundlefs love would not bide away, nor ftay at home with Him- 
felf. And yet I dow not make it welcome as I ought, when it is 
come unfent-for and without hire. 

How joyful is my heart, that ye write that ye are defirous to 
join with me in praifing, for it is a charity to help a dyvour* to pay 
his debts. But when all have helped me, my name fhall ftand in 
His account-book under ten thoufand thoufands of fums unpaid. 
But it eafeth my heart that His dear fervants will but fpeak of my 
debts to fuch a fweet Creditor. I defire that He may lay me in 
His own balance and weigh me, if I would not fain have a feaft of 
His boundlefs love made to my own foul, and to many others. 
One thing I know, that we fhall not at all be able to come near 
His excellency with eye, heart, or tongue ; for He is above all 
created thoughts. All nations before Him are as nothing, and lefs 
than nothing : He fitteth in the circuit of heaven, and the inhabi- 
tants of the earth are as graffhoppers before Him. Oh that men 
would praife Him ! 

Ye complain of your private cafe. Alas ! I am not the man to 
fpeak to fuch an one as ye are. Any fweet prefence which I have 
had in this town, is, I know, for this caufe, that I might exprefs 
and make it known to others. But I never find myfelf nearer Chrift, 
that royal and princely One, than after a great weight and fenfe of 
deadnefs and graceleffnefs. I think that the fenfe of our wants, 
when withal we have a reftlefTnefs and a fort of fpiritual impatience 
under them, and can make a din, becaufe we want Him whom our 
foul loveth, is that which maketh an open door to Chrift. And 
when we think we are going backward, becaufe we feel deadnefs, 
we are going forward ; for the more fenfe, the more life ; and no 
fenfe argueth no life. There is no fweeter fellowfhip with Chrift 

* Debtor. 

106 LETTER CCXXV1IL [1637. 

than to bring our wounds and our fores to Him. But for myfelf, 
I am afhamed of Chrift's goodnefs and love, fince the time of my 
bonds ; for He hath been pleafed to open up new treafures of love 
and felt fweetnefs, and give vifitations of love and accefs to Himfelf, 
in this ftrange land. I would think a fill of His love young and 
green heaven. And when He is pleafed to come, and the tide is in, 
and the fea full, and the King and a poor prifoner together in the 
houfe-of-wine, the black tree of the crofs is not fo heavy as a feather. 
I cannot, I dow not,* but give Chrift an honourable and glorious 

I fee that the Lord can ride through His enemies' bands, and 
triumph in the fufTerings of His own ; and that this blind world 
feeth not that fufFerings are Chrift's armour, wherein He is victori- 
ous. And they who contend with Zion fee not what He is doing, 
when they are fet to work, as under-fmiths and fervants, to the 
work of refining the faints. Satan's hand alfo, by them, is at the 
melting of the Lord's vefTels of mercy, and their office in God's 
houfe is to fcour and cleanfe veflels for the King's table. I marvel 
not to fee them triumph, and fit at eafe in Zion ; for our Father 
mull lay up His rods, and keep them carefully for His own ufe. 
Our Lord cannot want fire in His houfe : His furnace is in Zion, 
and His fire in Jerufalem. But little know the adverfaries the coun- 
iel and the thoughts of the Lord. 

And for your complaints of your miniftry. I now think all I 
do too little. Plainnefs, freedom, watchfulnefs, fidelity, fhall fwell 
upon you, in exceeding large comforts, in your fufTerings. The 
feeding of Chrift's lambs in private vifitations and catechifing, in 
painful preaching, and fair, honeft, and free warning of the flock, is 
a furTerer's garland. Oh, ten thoufand times bleffed are they, who 
are honoured of Chrift to be faithful and painful in wooing a bride 
to Chrift ! My dear brother, I know that ye think more on this 
than I can write ; and I rejoice that your purpofe is, in the Lord's 
ftrength, to back your wronged Matter ; and to come out, and call 

* Am not able. 

1637.] LETTER CCXX1X. 107 

you rfelf Ch rift's man, when fo many are now denying Him, as fear- 
ing that Chrift cannot do* for Himfelf and them. I am a loft 
man for ever, orf this, this is the way to falvation, even this way, 
which they call herefy, that men now do mock and feoff at. I am 
confirmed now that Chrift will accept of His fervant's fufferings as 
good fervice to Him at the day of His Appearance ; and that, ere 
it be long, He will be upon us all, and men in their blacks and 
whites fhall be brought out before God, angels, and men. Our 
Mafter is not far off. Oh, if we could wait on and be faithful ! 
The good-will of Him who dwelt in The Bufh, the tender favour 
and love, the grace of our Lord Jefus Chrift, be with you. 

Help me with your prayers ; and defire, from me, other brethren 
to take courage for their Mafter. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Augujl 15, 1637. 

CCXXIX.— To Mr Hugh Mackail of Irvine. 



Y VERY DEAR BROTHER,— Ye know that men 
may take their fweet fill of the four Law, in Grace's 
ground, and betwixt the Mediator's breafts. And this is 
the finner's fafeft way ; for there is a bed for wearied Tinners to 
reft them in, in the New Covenant, though no bed of Chrift's mak- 
ing to fleep in. The Law fhall never be my doomfter,J by 
Chrift's grace. If I get no more good of it (I fhall find a fore 
enough doom in the Gofpel to humble, and to caft me down), it is, 
I grant, a good rough friend to follow a traitor to the bar, and to 

* Ad; accomplifh anything. f Either 1 am a loft man, or — . 

X The pronouncer of the fentence. 

108 LETTER CCXXIX. [1637. 

back* him till he come to Chrift. We may blame ourfelves, who 
caufe the Law to crave well-paid debt, to fcare us away from Jefus, 
and difpute about a righteoufnefs of our own, a world in the moon, 
a chimera, and a night-dream that pride is father and mother to. 
There cannot be a more humble foul than a believer -, it is no pride 
for a drowning man to catch hold of a rock. 

I rejoice that the wheels of this confufed world are rolled, and 
cogged, f and driven according as our Lord willeth. Out of what- 
ever airthj the wind blow, it will blow us on our Lord. No wind 
can blow our fails overboard ; becaufe Chrift's (kill, and honour of 
His wifdom, are empawned § and laid down at the flake for the fea- 
paffengers, that He fhall put them fafe off His hand on the fhore, 
in His Father's known bounds, our native home ground. 

My dear brother, fcaur || not at the crofs of Chrift. It is not 
feen yet what Chrift will do for you, when it cometh to the worft : 
He will keep His grace till ye be at a ft rait, and then bring forth 
the decreed birth for your falvation.f Ye are an arrow of His own 
making; let Him fhoot you againft a wall of brafs, your point fhall 
keep whole. I cannot, for multitude of letters and diffraction of 
friends, prepare what I would for the times : I have not one hour 
of fpare time, fuppofe the day were forty hours long. 

Remember me in prayer. Grace be with you. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Sept. 5, 1637. 

* Help him on. In a fermon on Zech. xi. 9, at Anwoth, in 1634, he 
lays of Chrift's humanity, " The Godhead backed Him, and convoyed Him to 
the bar." 

f The wedge put in to ftop them. % Quarter of the compafs. 

§ The next claufe feems to be a glofs on this word. 

|| Boggle. f Zeph. ii. 2. 


1637.] LETTER CCXXX. 109 

CCXXX. — To the Right Honourable and Chrijlian Lady, my Lady 




WV3 ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to your Ladyfhip. 
YW] J — God be thanked ye are yet in poffeffion of Chrift, 
gMgJ and that fweet child. I pray God that the former may 
be a fure heritage, and the latter a loan for your comfort, while ye 
do good to His poor, afflicted, withered Mount Zion. And who 
knoweth but our Lord hath comforts laid up in (tore for her and 
you ! I am perfuaded that Chrift hath bought you pafl the devil, 
and hell, and fin, fo that they have no claim to you ; and that is a 
rich and invaluable mercy. Long fince, ye were half challenging 
death's cold kindnefs, in being {o flow and fweer* to come to loofe 
a tired prifoner ; but ye (land in need of all the crofTes, lofTes, 
changes, and fad hearts that befell you fince that time. Chrift 
knoweth that the body of fin unfubdued will take them all, and 
more : we know that Paul had need of the devil's fervice, to buffet 
him ; and far more we. But, my dear and honourable Lady, fpend 
your fand-glafs well. I am fure that you have law to raife a fufpen- 
fionf againft. all that devils, men, friends, worlds, lofTes, hell, or 
fin, can decree againft you. It is good that your crofTes will but 
convoyj you to heaven's gates : in, they cannot go ; the gates fhall 
be clofed upon them, when ye fhall be admitted to the throne. 
Time ftandeth not (till, eternity is hard at our door. Oh, what is 
laid up for you ! therefore, harden your face againft the wind. 
And the Lamb, your Hufband, is making ready for you. The 
Bridegroom would fain have that day, as gladly as your Honour 
would wifh to have it. He hath not forgotten you. 

* Reluftant. 

t Sue for a decifion in law to fufpend the execution of a fentence. 

t Accompany you as attendants, or friends. 



I have heard a rumour of the prelates' purpofe to banifh me. 
But let it come, if God fo will : the other fide of the fea is my 
Father's ground, as well as this fide. I owe bowing to God, but 
no fervile bowing to croffes : I have been but too foft in that. I am 
comforted that* I am perfuaded fully, that Chrift is halferf with me 
in this well-born and honeft crofs ; and if He claim right to the beft 
half of my troubles (as I know He doth to the whole), I mail re- 
mit over to Chrift. what I fhall do in this cafe. I know certainly, 
that my Lord Jefus will not mar nor fpillj m y fufferings ; He hath 
ufe for them in His houfe. 

Oh, what it worketh on me§ to remember that a ftranger, who 
cometh not in by the door, mall build hay and ftubble upon the 
golden foundation which I laid amongft that people at Anwoth! 
But I know that Providence looketh not afquint, but looketh ftraight 
out, and through all men's darknefs. Oh that I could wait upon 
the Lord ! I had but one eye, one joy, one delight, even to preach 
Chrift ; and my mother's fons were angry at me, and have put out 
the poor man's one eye, and what have I behind ? I am fure that 
this four world hath loft my heart defervedly ; but oh that there 
were a daysman to lay his hands upon us both, and determine upon 
my part of it. Alas, that innocent and lovely truth fhould be fold ! 
My tears are little worth, but yet for this thing I weep. I weep, 
alas, that my fair and lovely Lord Jefus mould be mifkent || in His 
own houfe ! It reckoneth little of five hundred the like of me j yet 
the water goeth not over faith's breath. 5[ Yet our King liveth. 

I write the prifoner's bleflings : the good-will, and long-lafting 
kindnefs, with the comforts of the very God of peace, be to your 
Ladyfhip, and to your fweet child. Grace, grace be with you. 
Your Honour's, at all obedience, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 5, 1637. 

* In having this perfuafion. f Has half the (hare of. % Spoil. 

§ What care it caufes. \ Overlooked, as if unknown. 

% It is of little confequence what hundreds like me feel ; yet, at the fame 
time, I can fay that faith is not drowned in me. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXXL 11 1 

CCXXXI. — To the Right Honourable my Lord Lindsay. 

[John, tenth Lord Lindsay, of Byres, to whom this letter is addreffed, 
was the fon of Robert, ninth Lord Lindfay, by his wife Lady Chriftian 
Hamilton, eldeft daughter of Thomas, firft Earl of Haddington. (See Let. 
77.) He was born about 1596, and was ferved heir to his father on the 1st 
of October 1616. He was created Earl of Lindfay and Lord Parbroath, 8th 
May 1633. On the 23d of July 1644, he was conftituted Lord High Trea- 
furer of Scotland ; and on the forfeiture of Ludovick, Earl of Crawford, he 
had the title and eftate of that nobleman conferred on him by Act of Parlia- 
ment, a 6th July the fame year, fo that he was thereafter defigned Earl of 
Crawford and Lindfay. Having entered with zeal into the " Engagement" 
for raifing an army to attempt the refcue of the King in 1648, he was deprived 
of his offices by the Act. of ClafTes, and excluded from Parliament till King 
Charles II. came to Scotland in 1650, when a coalition of parties took place. 
For the fame reafon, he fell under a cenfure of the Church ; but was reftored 
in July 1650, by the General AfTembly which met at Edinburgh. On the 
Reftoration, he was reinftated in his offices of High Treafurer of Scotland 
and Extraordinary Lord of Seffion. He warmly oppofed the Act Refcis- 
fory, annulling all the Parliaments fince 1633, as a terrible precedent, deftroy- 
ing the whole fecurity of government. His Lordfhip, in 1633, fcrupling to 
take the declaration, refigned his fituation as Lord High Treafurer for Scot- 
land, and was fucceeded by his fon-in-law the Earl of Rothes. Next year 
he gave up his place of Extraordinary Lord of Seffion, and retired to his 
country feat. " He was a man of great virtue, of good abilities, and of an 
exemplary life in all refpects. He died at Tyninghame in 1676, aged about 
80." (Douglas' Peerage.) Rutherford's treatife, entitled " A Peaceable and 
Temperate Plea for Paul's Prefbytery in Scotland, printed at London in 
1642," is dedicated to this nobleman.] 


LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to your Lord- 
fhip. — Pardon my boldnefs to exprefs myfelf to your 
Lordinip at this fo needful a time, when your wearied and friend- 
lefs mother-kirk is looking round about her, to fee if any of her 
fons doth really bemoan her defolation. Therefore, my dear and 

ii2 LETTER CCXXXI. [1637. 

worthy Lord, I befeech you in the bowels of Chrift, pity that 
widow-like fifter and fpoufe of Chrift. I know that her Hufband is 
not dead, but He feemeth to be in another country, and feeth well, 
and beholdeth who are His true and tender-hearted friends, who 
dare venture under the water to bring out to dry land finking truth ; 
and who of the nobles will caft up their arm, to ward a blow off 
the crowned head of our royal Lawgiver who reigneth in Zion, 
who will plead and contend for Jacob in the day of his controverfy. 
It is now time, my worthy and noble Lord, for you who are 
the little nurfe-fathers, under our fovereign prince, to put on courage 
for the Lord Jefus, and to take up a fallen orphan, fpeaking out of 
the duff, and to embrace in your arms Chrift's Bride. He hath no 
more in Scotland that is the delight of His eyes, than that one little 
filter, whofe breads were once well-fafhioned. She once ravifhed 
her Well-beloved with her eyes, and overcame Him with her 
beauty : " She looked forth as the morning, fair as the moon, clear 
as the fun, terrible as an army with banners : her ftature was like 
the palm-tree, and her breafts like clufters of grapes, and me held 
the King in the galleries."* But now the crown is fallen from her 
head, and her gold waxed dim, and our white Nazarites are become 
black as the coal. BlefTed are they who will come out and help 
Chrift againft the mighty ! The fhields of the earth and the nobles 
are debtors to Chrift for their honour, and mould bring their glory 
and honour to the New Jerufalem.f Alas, that great men mould 
be fo far from fubjecling themfelves to the fweet yoke of Chrift, 
that they burft His bonds afunder, and think they dowj not go on 
foot when Chrift is on horfeback, and that every nod of Chrift, 
commanding as King, is a load like a mountain of iron. And, 
therefore, they fay, " This man ftiall not reign over us ; we muft 
have another king than Chrift in His own houfe." Therefore, 
kneel to Chrift, and kifs the Son, and let Him have your Lordfhip's 
vote, as your alone § Lawgiver. I am fure that when you leave the 
old wafte inn of this perifhing life, and fhall reckon with your hoft, 

* Cant. iv. 9 ; vi. 10 ; vii. 5,7. f Rev* xxi. 24. % Cannot. § Only. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXXL 113 

and depart hence, and take fhipping, and make over for eternity, 
which is the yonder fide of time (and a fand-glafs of threefcore 
fhort years is running out), to look over your ihoulder, then, to 
that which ye have done, fpoken, and fufFered for Chrifl:, His dear 
Bride that He ranfomed with that blood which is more precious 
than gold, and for truth, and the freedom of ChrifVs kingdom, 
your accounts will more fweetly fmile and laugh upon you than if 
you had two worlds of gold to leave to your poflerity. O my dear 
Lord, confider that our Mailer, eternity, and judgment, and the 
Laft Reckoning, will be upon us in the twinkling of an eye. The 
blafl of the laft trumpet, now hard at hand, will cry down all Acts 
of Parliament, all the determinations of pretended afTemblies, againfl 
Chrift our Lawgiver. There will be fhortly a proclamation by 
One (landing in the clouds, " that time mail be no more," and that 
courts with kings of clay mail be no more -, and prifons, confine- 
ments, forfeitures of nobles, wrath of kings, hazard of lands, houfes, 
and name, for Chrift, mail be no more. This world's fpan-length 
of time is drawn now to lefs than half an inch, and to the point of 
the evening of the day of this old gray-haired world. And, there- 
fore, be fixed and faft for Chrift and His truth for a time ; and fear 
not him whofe life goeth out at his noftrils, who fhall die as a 
man. I am perfuaded Chrift is refponfal* and law-biding, \ to 
make recompenfe for anything that is hazarded or given out for 
Him. LofTes for Chrifl: are but our goods given out in bank, in 
ChrifVs hand. Kings earthly are well-favoured little clay gods, 
time's idols ; but a fight of our invifible King fhall decry and darken 
all the glory of this world. At the day of Chrift, truth fhall be 
truth, and not treafon. Alas ! it is pitiful that filence, when the 
thatch of our Lord's houfe hath taken fire, is now the flower and 
bloom of court and flate wifdom ; and to cafl a covering over a 
good profeflion (as if it blufhed at the light), is thought a canny J 

* Solvent ; ahle to meet law. 

f Willing to wait the regular courfe of law, in oppofition to flight. 
% Prudent. 
VOL. 11. H 

ii4 LETTER CCXXXL [1637. 

and fare way through this life. But the fafeft way, I am perfaaded, 
is to tine and win* with Chrift, and to hazard fairly for Him ; for 
heaven is but a company of noble venturers for Chrift. I dare 
hazard my foul, that Chrift will grow green, and blofTom like the 
Rofe of Sharon yet in Scotland, howbeit now His leaf feemeth to 
wither, and His root to dry up. 

Your noble anceftors have been enrolled amongft the worthies 
of this nation, as the fare friends of the Bridegroom, and valiant for 
Chrift : I hope that you will follow on to come to the ftreets for 
the fame Lord. The world is ftill at yea and nay with Chrift. It 
mall be your glory, and the fare foundation of your houfe (now 
when houfes are tumbling down, and birds building their nefts, and 
thorns and briers are growing up, where nobles did fpread a table), 
if you engage your eftate and nobility for this noble King Jefas, 
with whom the created powers of the world are ftill in tops.f All 
the world mail fall before Him, and (as God liveth!) every arm 
lifted up to take the crown off His royal head, or that refuseth to 
hold it on His head, fhall be broken from the moulder-blade. The 
eyes that behold Chrift weep in fackcloth, and wallow in His blood, 
and will not help, even thefe eyes fhall rot away in their eye-holes. 
Oh, if ye and the nobles of this land faw the beauty of that world's 
wonder, Jefas our King, and the glory of Him who is angels' 
wonder, and heaven's wonder for excellency ! Oh, what would 
men count of clay eftates, of time-eaten life, of worm-eaten and 
moth-eaten worldly glory, in comparifon of that faireft, faireft of 
God's creation, the Son of the Father's delights ! I have but fmall 
experience of faffering for Him j but let my Judge and Witnefs in 
heaven lay my foul in the balance of juftice, if I find not a young 
heaven, and a little paradife of glorious comforts and foul-delighting 
love-kifTes of Chrift, here beneath the moon, in faffering for Him 
and His truth ; and that the glory, joy, and peace, and fire of love, 
which I thought had been kept whillj fapper-time, when we fhall 
get leifare to feaft our fill upon Chrift, I have felt in glorious be- 

* Lofe and gain. f In conflict ; " to tope," is to oppofe. t Till. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXXIL 115 

ginnings, in my bonds for this princely Lord Jefus. Oh ! it is my 
forrow, my daily pain, that men will not come and fee. I would 
now be afhamed to believe that it mould be poifible for any foul to 
think that he could be a lofer for Chrift, fuppofe he mould lend 
Chrift the Lordfhip of Lindfay, or fome fuch great worldly eflate. 
Therefore, my worthy and dear Lord, fet now your face againft 
the oppofites* of Jefus, and let your foul take courage to come 
under His banner, to appear, as His foldier, for Him ; and the blefs- 
ings of a falling kirk, the prayers of the prifoners of hope who wait 
for Zion's joy, and the good-will of Him who dwelt in the Bum, 
and it burned not, fhall be with you. 

To His faving grace I recommend your Lordfhip and your houfe ; 
and am fHll Chrift's prifoner, and your Lordfhip's obliged fervant, 
in his fweet Lord Jefus. 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Sept. 7, 1637. 

CCXXXIL— To my Lord Boyd. 



Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I am glad to hear 
that you, in the morning of your fhort day, mind Chrift, 
and that you love the honour of His crown and kingdom. I be- 
feech your Lordfhip to begin now to frame your love, and to caft 
it in no mould but one, that it may be for Chrift only ; for when 
your love is now in the framing and making, it will take beft with 
Chrift. If any other than Jefus get a gripf of it, when it is green 
and young, Chrift will be an unco J and ftrange world to you. 

* Opponents. t Firm hold. X Strange. 


Promife the lodging of your foul firfl away to Chrift, and fland by 
your firft covenant, and keep to Jefus, that He may find you honeft. 
It is eafy to mafter an arrow, and to fet it right, ere the firing be 
drawn 5 but when once it is fhot, and in the air, and the flight begun, 
then ye have no more power at all to command it. It were a bleffed 
thing, if your love could now level only at Chrift, that His fair face 
were the black of the mark ye fhot at. For when your love is 
loofed, and out of your grips,* and in its motion to fetch home an 
idol, and hath taken a whorifh gadding journey, to feek an unknown 
and ftrange lover, ye fhall not then have power to call home the 
arrow, or to be mafter of your love ; and ye will hardly f give Chrift 
what ye fcarcely have yourfelf. 

I fpeak not this, as if youth itfelf could fetch heaven and Chrift. 
Believe it, my Lord, it is hardly credible what a neft of dangerous 
temptations youth is ; how inconfiderate, foolifh, proud, vain, heady, 
rafh, profane, and carelefs of God, this piece of your life is ; fo that 
the devil findeth in that age a garnifhed and well-fwept houfe for 
himfelf, and feven devils worfe than himfelf. For then affections 
are on horfeback, lofty and ftirring ; then the old man hath blood, 
luft, much will, and little wit, and hands, feet, wanton eyes, pro- 
fane ears, as his fervants, and as a king's officers at command, to 
come and go at his will. Then a green confcience is as fouplej as 
the twig of a young tree. It is for every way, every religion ; every 
lewd courfe prevaileth with it. And, therefore, oh, what a fweet 
couple, what a glorious yoke, are youth and grace, Chrift. and a 
young man ! This is a meeting not to be found in every town. 
None who have been at Chrift can bring back to your Lordfhip a 
report anfwerable to His worth ; for Chrift cannot be fpoken of, or 
commended according to His worth. " Come and fee," is the moft 
faithful meffenger to fpeak of Him : little perfuafion would prevail 
where this was. It is impoffible, in the fetting out of Chrift's love, 
to lie and pafs over truth's line. The difcourfes of angels, or love- 
books written by the congregation of feraphim (all their wits being 

* Firm hold. f With difficulty. % Supple. 


conjoined and melted into one), would for ever be in the nether fide 
of truth, and of plentifully declaring the thing as it is. The infinite- 
nefs, the boundlefTnefs of that incomparable excellency that is in 
Jelus, is a great word. God fend me, if it were but the relics and 
leavings, or an ounce-weight or two, of His matchless love ; and 
iuppofe I never got another heaven (provided this blefled fire were 
evermore burning), I could not but be happy for ever. Come 
hither, then, and give out your money wifely for bread ; come hither, 
and beftow your love. 

I have caufe to fpeak this, becaufe, except you pofTefs and enjoy 
Chrift, ye will be a cold friend to His fpoufe ; for it is love to the 
hufband that caufeth kindnefs to the wife. I dare fwear it were a 
bleffing to your houfe, the honour of your honour, the flower of 
your credit, now in your place, and as far as ye are able, to lend 
your hand to your weeping mother, even your opprefled and fpoiled 
mother-kirk. If ye love her, and beftir yourfelf for her, and hazard 
the Lordfhip of Boyd for the recovery of her vail, which the fmiting 
watchmen have taken from her, then furely her Hufband will fcorn 
to fleep in your common,* or reverence.f Bits of lordfhips are 
little to Him who hath many crowns on His head, and the king- 
doms of the world in the hollow of His hand. Court, honour, 
glory, riches, ftability of houfes, favour of princes, are all on His 
finger-ends. Oh what glory were it to lend your honour to Chrift, 
and to His Jerufalem ! Ye are one of Zion's born fons \ your 
honourable and Chriftian parents would venture you upon Chrift's 
errands. Therefore, I befeech you, by the mercies of God, by the 
death and wounds of Jefus, by the hope of your glorious inherit- 
ance, and by the comfort and hope of the joyful prefence ye would 
have at the water-fide, when ye are putting your foot in the dark 
grave, take courage for Chrift's truth, and the honour of His free 
kingdom. For, howbeit ye be a young flower, and green before 
the fun, ye know not how loon death will caufe you caft your 

* Under obligation. 

t Power j as if he mult do homage to you for your fervice. See Let. ;,o. 


bloom, and wither root, and branch, and leaves •, and, therefore, 
write up what ye have to do for Chrift, and make a treafure of 
good works, and begin in time. By appearance ye have the advan- 
tage of the brae.* See what ye can do for Chrift, againft thofe 
who are waiting whillf Chrift's tabernacle fall, that they may run 
away with the boards thereof, and build their nefts on Zion's ruins. 
They are blind who fee not lounsj now pulling up the flakes, and 
breaking the cords, and rending the curtains of Chrift's fometime§ 
beautiful tent in this land. Antichrift is lifting that tent up upon 
his fhoulders, and going away with it ; and when Chrift and the 
Gofpel are out of Scotland, dream not that your houfes fhall thrive, 
and that it will go well with the nobles of the land. As the Lord 
liveth ! the ftreams of your waters fhall become pitch, and the dull: 
of your land brimftone, and your land fhall become burning pitch, 
and the owl and the raven fhall dwell in your houfes : and where 
your table flood, there fhall grow briers and nettles. || The Lord 
gave Chrift and His Gofpel as a pawn to Scotland. The watchmen 
have fallen foul, and loft their part of the pawn ; and who feeth 
not, that God hath dried up their right eye, and their right arm, and 
hath broken the fhepherds' ftaves, and that men are trading in their 
hearts upon fuch unfavoury fait, that is good for nothing elfe ! If ye, 
the nobles, put away the pawn alfo, and refufe to plead the contro- 
verfy of Zion with the profefled enemies of Jefus, ye have done 
with it. Oh ! where is the courage and zeal now of the ancient 
nobles of this land, who with their fwords, and hazard of life, 
honour, and houfes, brought Chrift to our hands ? And now the 
nobles cannot but be guilty of mouldering out Chrift, and of murder- 
ing the fouls of their pofterity, if they fhall hide themfelves, and 
lurk in the lee-fide of the hill, till the wind blow down the temple 
of God. It goeth now under the name of wifdom, for men to caft 
their cloak over Chrift and their profeflion ; as if Chrift were ftolen 
goods, and durft not be avouched. Though this be reputed a piece 

* Are on the defcending (lope. f Till. % Scoundrels. 

§ Once. || I fa. xxxiv. 9, 11. 


of policy, yet God efteemeth fuch men to be but ftate fools and 
court gowks,* whatever they, or other heads-of-witf like to them, 
think of themfelves ; fince their damnable filence is the ruin of 
Ch rift's kingdom. Oh, but it be true honour and glory to be the 
fail friends of the Bridegroom, and to own Chriit's bleeding head, 
and His forfaken caufe, and to contend legally, and in the wifdom 
of God, for our fweet Lord Jefus, and His kingly crown ! But I 
will believe that your Lordfhip will take Chriit's honour to heart, and 
be a man in the ftreets (as the prophet fpeakethj) for the Lord and 
His truth. To His rich grace and fweet prefence, and the ever- 
lafting confolation of the promifed Comforter, I recommend your 
Lordfhip, and am your Lordfhip's, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Sept. 7, 1637. 

CCXXXIII. — To his Worthy and much Honoured Friend 
Fulk Ellis. 

[Fulk Ellis was the eldeft fon of Major Edmond Ellis of Carrickfergus, 
an Englifh colonift. Edmond was a man of diftinguifhed piety, and a zealous 
Covenanter. * i Through all the difficulties and viciffitudes of thofe trying 
times," fays Dr Reid, li he was a confiftent Prefbyterian, and a truly eminent 
Chriftian. Several of his devout fayings on his death-bed (he died nth June 
165 1), which have been preferred, are worthy of being recorded, as affording 
a fpecimen of the religious fentiments and feelings of the Prefbyterian elder- 
fhip at this period." Fulk alfo followed the military profeffion, in which he 
held the rank of captain, and embarked in the fame caufe with his father. 
u He and his company (who were all from Ireland) joined the Scottifh force 
in refilling the arms of Charles in 1640, and were at the battle of Newburn. 
He fhared in the fupplies forwarded to the different companies of the army 
from their refpe&ive parifhes in Scotland. He returned to Ireland after the 
rebellion ; and was captain and major in Sir John Clotworthy's regiment of 
foot, and is believed to have fallen in action near Defertmartin, in the county 
of Deny, in September 1643. His defcendants, of the fame name, ftill refide 
at Carrickfergus." — Re'uTs Hiji. of Pre/by t. Ch.~\ 

* Simpletons. f Wifeacres. % Jer. v. 1. 



LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 

I. I am glad of our more than paper acquaintance. 
Seeing we have one Father, it reckoneth* the lefs, though we never 
fee one another's face. I profefs myfelf molt unworthy to follow 
the camp of fuch a worthy and renowned Captain as Chrift. Oh, 
alas ! I have caufe to be grieved, that men expect anything of fuch 
a wretched man as I am. It is a wonder to me, if Chrift can make 
anything of my naughty, \ fhort, and narrow love to Him ; furely 
it is not worth the uptaking. 

2. As for our lovely and beloved Church in Ireland, my heart 
bleedeth for her defolation -, but I believe that our Lord is only 
lopping the vine-trees, but not intending to cut them down, or root 
them out. It is true (feeing we are heart-atheijls by nature, and 
cannot take providence aright, becaufe we halt and crook % ever 
fince we fell), we dream of a halting providence ; as if God's yard, 
whereby He meafureth joy and forrow to the fons of men, were 
crooked and unjuft, becaufe fervants ride on horfeback, and princes 
go on foot. But our Lord dealeth good and evil, and fome one 
portion or other to both, by ounce- weights, and meafureth them in 
a juft and even balance. It is but folly to meafure the Gofpel by 
fummer or winter weather : the fummer-fun of the faints fhineth 
not on them in this life. How mould we have complained, if the 
Lord had turned the fame providence that we now ftomach at upfide 
down, and had ordered matters thus, that firft the faints mould 
have enjoyed heaven, glory, and eafe, and then Methufelah's days 
of forrow and daily miferies ? We would think a fhort heaven no 
heaven. Certainly His ways pafs finding out. 

3 . Ye complain of the evil of heart-atheism : but it is to a 

* It is of the lefs importance. f Vile, worthlefs. t Walk lamely. 


greater atheift than any man can be, that ye write of that. Oh, 
light findeth not that reverence and fear which a plant of God's 
letting mould find in our foul ! How do we by nature, as others, 
detain and hold captive the truth of God in unrighteoufnefs, and fo 
make God's light a bound prifoner ? And even when the prifoner 
breaketh the jail, and cometh out in belief of a Godhead, and in 
fome practice of holy obedience, how often do we, of new, lay hands 
on the prifoner, and put our light again in fetters ? Certainly there 
cometh great miff and clouds from the lower part of our fouls, our 
earthly affections, to the higher part, which is our confcience, 
either natural or renewed : as fmoke in a lower houfe breaketh up, 
and deiileth the houfe above. If we had more practice of obedience, 
we mould have more found light. I think, lay afide all other 
guiltinefs, that this one, the violence done to God's candle in our 
foul, were a fufficient dittay * againft. us. There is no helping of 
this but by ft riving to ftand in awe of God's light. Left light tell 
tales of us, we defire little to hear ; but fmce it is not without God 
that light fitteth neighbour to will (a lawlefs lord), no marvel that 
fuch a neighbour mould leaven our judgment, and darken our 
light. I fee there is a neceility that we protefl againfl the doings of 
the Old Man, and raife up a party againff. our worft half, to accufe, 
condemn, fentence, and with forrow bemoan, the dominion of fin's 
kingdom ; and withal make law, in the New Covenant, againft our 
guiltinefs. For Chrift. once condemned fin in the flelh, and we are 
to condemn it over again. And if there had not been fuch a thing 
as the grace of Jefus, I fhould have long fince given up with 
heaven, and with the expectation to fee God. But grace, grace, 
free grace, the merits of Chrift. for nothing, white and fair, and 
large Saviour-mercy (which is another fort of thing than creature- 
mercy, or Law-mercy, yea, a thoufand degrees above angel-mercy), 
have been, and mult be, the rock that we drowned fouls muff fwim 
to. New warning, renewed application of purchafed redemption, 
by that facred blood that fealeth the free Covenant, is a thing of 

* Indictment. 

122 LETTER CCXXX11L [1637. 

daily and hourly ufe to a poor finner. Till we be in heaven, our 
iflue of blood mall not be quite dried up 5 and, therefore, we mult 
refolve to apply peace to our fouls from the new and living way ; 
and Jefus, who cleanfeth and cureth the leprous foul, lovely Jefus, 
mull: be our fong on this fide of heaven's gates. And even when 
we have won the caftle, then muft we eternally fing, " Worthy, 
worthy is the Lamb, who hath faved us, and warned us in His own 

I would counfel all the ranfomed ones to learn this fong, and to 
drink and be drunk with the love of Jefus. O faireft, O higheft, 
O lovelieft One, open the well ! Oh, water the burnt and withered 
travellers with this love of Thine ! I think it is poffible on earth to 
build a young New Jerufalem, a little new heaven, of this furpafling 
love. God either fend me more of this love, or take me quickly 
over the water, where I may be filled with His love. My foftnefs 
cannot take with want. I profefs I bear not hunger of Chrift's love 
fair. I know not if I play foul play with Chrift, but I would have 
a link of that chain of His providence mended, in pining and delay- 
ing the hungry on-waiters. For myfelf, I could wifh that Chrift 
would let out upon me more of that love. Yet to fay Chrift is a 
niggard to me, I dare not ; and if I fay I have abundance of His 
love, I mould lie. I am half ftraitened* to complain, and cry, 
" Lord Jefus, hold Thy hand no longer." 

Worthy Sir, let me have your prayers, in my bonds. Grace 
be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Sept. 7, 1637. 

* Conftrained ; perhaps Luke xii. 50 was in his thoughts. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXXIV. 123 

CCXXXIV.— To James Lindsay. 

[ We have no means of afcertaining who this correfpondent was.] 


EAR BROTHER,— The conftant and daily obferving 
of God's going alongft with you, in His coming, going, 
ebbing, flowing, embracing and kiffing, glooming* and 
(hiking, giveth me (a witlefs and lazy obferver of the Lord's way 
and working) a heavy ftroke. Could I keep fight of Him, and 
know when I want, and carry as became me in that condition, I 
would blefs my cafe. 

But I. For defertions. I think them like lying leaf of lean and 
weak land for fome years, whill it gather fap for a better crop. 
It is poilible to gather gold, where it may be had, with moonlight. 
Oh, if I could but creep one foot, or half a foot, nearer in to Jefus, 
in fuch a difmal night as that when He is away, I fhould think it 
an happy abfence ! 

2. If I knew that the Beloved were only gone away for trial, 
and further humiliation, and not fmoked out of the houfe with new 
provocations, I would forgive defertions and hold my peace at His 
abfence. But Chrift's bought abfence (that I bought with my fin), 
is two running boils at once, one upon each fide ; and what fide 
then can I lie on ? 

3. I know that, as night and fliadows are good for flowers, and 
moonlight and dews are better than a continual fun, fo is Chrifl's 
abfence of fpecial ufe, and that it hath fome nourifhing virtue in it, 
and giveth fap to humility, and putteth an edge on hunger, and 
furnifheth a fair field to faith to put forth itfelf, and to exercife its 
fingers in gripping \ it feeth not what. 

* Frowning. t Unploughed land nfed for pafture. 

X In grafping firmly an objed unknown. 

1 24 LETTER CCXXXIV. [1637. 

4. It is mercy's wonder, and grace's wonder, that Chrifl will 
lend a piece of the lodging, and a back-chamber befide Himfelf, to 
our lulls ; and that He and fuch fwine mould keep houfe together 
in our foul. For, fuppofe they couch and contract themfelves into 
little room when Chrifl cometh in, and feem to lie as dead under 
His feet, yet they often break out again ; and* a foot of the Old 
Man, or a leg or arm nailed to Chrifl's crofs, loofeth the nail, or 
breaketh out again ! And yet Chrifl, befide this unruly and mis- 
nurtured f neighbour, can flill be making heaven in the faints, one 
way or other. May I not fay, " Lord Jefus, what doefl Thou here ?" 
Yet here He mufl be. But I will not lofe my feet to go on into 
this depth and wonder ; for free mercy and infinite merits took a 
lodging to Chrifl and us, befide fuch a loathfome guefl as fin. 

5. Sanctiflcation and mortification of our lufls are the hardefl 
part of Chriflianity. It is in a manner, as natural to us to leap when 
we fee the New Jerufalem, as to laugh when we are tickled : joy 
is not under command, or at our nod, when Chrifl: kifleth. But 
oh, how many of us would have Chrifl divided into two halves, 
that we might take the half of Him only ! We take His office, 
Jefus, and Salvation : but " Lord" is a cumberfome word, and to 
obey and work out our own falvation, and to perfect holinefs, is the 
cumberfome and flormy north-fide of Chrifl, and that which we 
elchew and fhift. 

6. For your queflion, the accefs that reprobates have to Chrifl 
(which is none at all, for to the Father in Chrifl neither can they, 
nor will they come, becaufe Chrifl died not for them ; and yet, by 
law, God and juflice overtaketh them), I fay, firft, there are with 
you more worthy and learned than I am, MefTrs Dickfon, Blair, and 
Hamilton, who can more fully fatisfy you. But I fhall fpeak in brief 
what I think of it in thefe affertions. Fhj} y All God's juflice to- 
ward man and angels floweth from an act of abfolute fovereign free- 
will of God, who is our Former and Potter, and we are but clay ; 

* Old copies have here " and ; " perhaps it was " aye y ' i.e., ever. 
f Undifciplined. 

1637.] LETTER CCXXXIV. 125 

for if He had forbidden to eat of the reft of the trees of the garden of 
Eden, and commanded Adam to eat of the Tree of Knowledge of 
Good and Evil, that command no doubt had been as juft as this, — 
" Eat of all the trees, but not at all of the Tree of Knowledge of 
Good and Evil." The reafon is, becaufe His will is before His 
juftice, by order of nature ; and what is His will is His juftice ; 
and He willeth not things without Himfelf becaufe they are juft. 
God cannot, God needeth not hunt sanctity, holinefs, or righteous- 
nefs from things without Himfelf, and fo not from the actions 
of men or angels ; becaufe His will is efTentially holy and juft, and 
the prime rule of holinefs and juftice, as the fire is naturally light, 
and inclineth upward, and the earth heavy, and inclineth down- 
ward. The fecond aflertion, then, that God faith to reprobates, 
" Believe in Chrift (who hath not died for your falvation), and ye 
mail be faved," is juft and right ; becaufe His eternal and efTentially 
juft will hath fo enacted and decreed. Suppofe natural reafon 
fpeak againft this, this is the deep and fpecial myftery of the Gos- 
pel. God hath obliged, hard and faft, all the reprobates of the 
vifible Church to believe this promife, " He that believeth fhall be 
faved :" and yet, in God's decree and fecret intention, there is no 
falvation at all decreed and intended to reprobates. And yet the 
obligation of God, being from His fovereign free-will, is moft juft, 
as is faid in the firft aflertion. Third aflertion : The righteous Lord 
hath right over the reprobates and all reafonable creatures that vio- 
late His commandments. This is eafy. Fourth aflertion : The faith 
that God feeketh of reprobates, is, that they rely upon Chrift, as 
defpairing of their own righteoufnefs, leaning wholly, and withal 
humbly, as weary and laden, upon Chrift, as on the refting-ftone 
laid in Zion. But He feeketh not that, without being weary of 
their fin, they rely upon Chrift, as mankind's Saviour ; for to rely 
on Chrift, and not to be weary of fin, is prefumption, not faith. 
Faith is ever neighbour to a contrite fpirit ; and it is impoflible that 
faith can be where there is not a caft-down and contrite heart, in 
fome meafure, for fin. Now it is certain, that God commandeth 
no man to prefume. Fifth aflertion : Then reprobates are not abfo- 

126 LETTER CCXXXIV. [^37. 

lutely obliged to believe that Chrift died for them in particular. 
For, in truth, neither reprobates nor others are obliged to believe a 
lie ; only, they are obliged to believe that Chrifl died for them, if 
they be firft weary, burdened, fin-fick, and condemned in their own 
confciences, and ftricken dead and killed with the Law's fentence, 
and have indeed embraced Him as offered ; which is a fecond and 
fubfequent act of faith, following after a coming to Him and a clofing 
with Him. Sixth affertion : Reprobates are not formally guilty of 
contempt of God, and mifbelief, becaufe they apply not Chrifl and 
the promifes of the Gofpel to themfelves in particular ; for fo they 
mould be guilty becaufe they believe not a lie, which God never 
obliged them to believe. Seventh affertion : JufKce hath a right to 
punifh reprobates, becaufe out of pride of heart, confiding in their 
own righteoufnefs, they rely not upon Chrift as a Saviour of all them 
that come to Him. This God may juftly oblige them unto, be- 
caufe in Adam they had perfect ability to do ; and men are guilty 
becaufe they love their own inability, and reft upon themfelves, 
and refufe to deny their own righteoufnefs, and to take them to 
Chrift, in whom there is righteoufnefs for wearied finners. Eighth 
affertion : It is one thing to rely, lean, and reft upon Chrifl, in hu- 
mility and wearinefs of fpirit, and denying our own righteoufnefs, 
believing Him to be the only righteoufnefs of wearied finners ; 
and it is another thing to believe that Chrifl died for me, John, 
Thomas, Anna, upon an intention and decree to fave us by name. 
For, 1 ft, The firft goeth firft, the latter is always after in due 
order ; 2dly, The firft is faith, the fecond is a fruit of faith ; 
and, 3dly, The firft obligeth reprobates and all men in the vifible 
kirk, the latter obligeth only the weary and laden, and fo only 
the elect and effectually called of God. Ninth affertion : It is a 
vain order; "I know not if Chrift died for me, John, Thomas, 
Anna, by name ; and, therefore, I dare not rely on Him." The 
reafon is, becaufe it is not faith to believe God's intention and 
decree of election at the firft, ere ye be wearied. Look firft 
to your intention and foul. If ye find fin a burden, and can and 
do reft, under that burden, upon Chrift ; if this be once, now 

1637.] LETTER CCXXXV. 12J 

come and believe m particular, or rather apply by fenfe (for, in my 
judgment, it is a. fruit of belief, not belief), and feeling the good- 
will, intention, and gracious purpofe of God anent* your falvation. 
Hence, becaufe there is malice in reprobates, and contempt of Chrift, 
guilty they are, and juftice hath law againfl them, and (which is the 
myftery) they cannot come up to Chrift, becaufe He died not for 
them. But their fin is, that they love their inability to come to 
Chrift ; and he who loveth his chains, deferveth chains. And thus 
in fhort. Remember my bonds. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Sept. 7, 1637. 

CCXXXV.— To my Lord Craighall. 


Y LORD, — I cannot expound your Lordfhip's contrary 
tides, and thefe temptations wherewith ye are afTaulted, 
to be any other thing than Chrift trying you, and faying 
unto you, " And will ye alfo leave Me?" I am fure that Chrift 
hath a great advantage againft you, if ye play foul play to Him, in 
that the Holy Spirit hath done His part, in evidencing to your con- 
fcience that this is the way of Chrift, wherein ye fhall have peace ; 
and the other, as fure as God liveth, is the Antichrift's way. 
Therefore, as ye fear God, fear your light, and ftand in awe of a 
convincing confcience. It is far better for your Lordfhip to keep 
your confcience, and to hazard in fuch an honourable caufe your 
place, than wilfully, and againft your light, to come under guilti- 
nefs. Kings cannot heal broken confciences ; and when death and 
judgment fhall comprifef your foul, your counfellors, and others, 
cannot become cautionj to juftice for you. Ere it be long, our 
Lord will put a final determination to Acts of Parliament, and men's 

* Concerning. f Arreft by writ of law. % Security. 

128 LETTER CCXXXVL [1637. 

laws, and will clear you, before men and angels, of men's unjuft 
fentences. Ye receive honour, and place, and authority, and riches, 
and reputation from your Lord, to fet forward and advance the 
liberties and freedom of Chrift's kingdom. Men, whofe confciences 
are made of ftoutnefs, think little of fuch matters, which, notwith- 
ftanding, encroach directly upon Chrift's prerogative-royal. So 
would men think it a light matter for Uzzah to put out his hand to 
hold the Lord's falling ark ; but it colt him his life. And who 
doubteth but a carnal friend will advife you to fhut your window, 
and pray beneath your breath. " Ye make too great a din with 
your prayers ;" fo would a head-of-wit # fpeak, if ye were in 
Daniel's place. But men's over-gilded reafons will not help you, 
when your confcience is like to rive with a double charge. Alas, 
alas ! when will this world learn to fubmit their wifdom to the 
wifdom of God ? I am fure that your Lordfhip hath found the 
truth. Go not then to fearch for it over again •, for it is common for 
men to make doubts, when they have a mind to defert the truth. 
Kings are not their own men ; their ways are in God's hand. I 
rejoice, and am glad, that ye refolve to walk with Chriit, howbeit 
His court be thin. Grace be with your Lordfhip. 

Your Lordfhip's, in his fweet Matter and Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 7, 1637. 

CCXXXVL— To Mr James Hamilton. [Let. 215.] 


you from God our Father, and from our Lord Jefus. — 
I am laid low, when I remember what I am, and that 
my outfide cafteth fuch a luftre when I find fo little within. It is a 

* Wifeacre. 


wonder that ChrifVs glory is not defiled, running through fuch an 
unclean and impure channel. But I lee that Chrift will be Chrift, 
in the dreg and refufe of men. His art, His mining wifdom, His 
beauty, fpeak loudeft in blacknefs, weaknefs, deadnefs, yea, in 
nothing. I fee nothing, no money, no worth, no good, no life, no 
deferving, is the ground that Omnipotency delighteth to draw glory 
out of. Oh, how fweet is the inner fide of the walls of Chrift's 
houfe, and a room befide Himfelf ! My diftance from Him maketh 
me fad. Oh that we were in other's arms ! Oh that the middle 
things betwixt us were removed ! I find it a difficult matter to 
keep all ftots* with Chrift. When He laugheth, I fcarce believe it, 
I would fo fain have it true. But I am like a lowf man looking up 
to a high mountain, whom wearinefs and fainting overcometh. I 
would climb up, but I find that I do not advance in my journey as 
I would wifti ; yet I truft. that He will take me home againft night. 
I marvel not that Antichrift, in his flaves, is fo bufy : but our crowned 
King feeth and beholdeth, and will arife for Zion's fafety. 

I am exceedingly diffracted with letters, and company that vifit 

me ; what I can do, or time will permit, I fhall not omit. Excufe 

my brevity, for I am ftraitened. Remember the Lord's prifoner : I 

defire to be mindful of you. Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

Aberdeen, Sept. 7, 1637. S. R. 

CCXXXVIL— To the Laird of Gaitgirth. [Let. 187.] 


UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. — I can do no more than thank you on paper, 
and remember you to Him whom I ferve, for kindnefs 
and care of a prifoner. 

* To keep pace with. f Of fmall ftature. 

VOL. 11. I 



I blefs the Lord, that the caufe I fufTer for needeth not to blufh 
before kings : Chrift's white, honeft, and fair truth needeth neither 
to wax pale for fear, nor to blufh for fhame. I blefs the Lord, 
who hath graced * you to own Chrift now, when fo many are afraid 
to profefs Him, and hide Him, for fear they furTer lofs by avouching 
Him. Alas, that fo many in thefe days are carried with the times ! 
As if their confcience rolled upon oiled wheels, fo do they go any 
way the wind bloweth them ; and, becaufe Chrift is not market- 
fweet,f men put Him away from them. 

Worthy and much honoured Sir, go on to own Chrift, and His 
oppreffed truth : — the end of furTerings for the Gofpel, is reft and 
gladnefs. Light and joy are fown for the mourners in Zion, and 
the harveft (which is of God's making, for time and manner) is 
near. CrolTes have right and claim to Chrift in His members, till 
legs and arms, and whole myftical Chrift, be in heaven. There will 
be rain, and hail, and ftorms, in the faint's clouds, ever till God 
cleanfe with fire the works of the creation, and till He burn the 
botch-houfe^: of heaven and earth, that men's fins have fubjected 
unto vanity. 

They are blefTed who furTer and fin not $ for fuffering is the 
badge that Chrift hath put upon His followers. Take what way 
we can to heaven, the way is hedged up with crofTes -, there is no 
way but to break through them. Wit and wiles, fhifts and laws, 
will not find out a way round the crofs of Chrift ; but we muft 
through. One thing, by experience, my Lord hath taught me, that 
the waters betwixt this and heaven may all be ridden, if we be well 
horfed j I mean, if we be in Chrift ; and not one fhall drown by 
the way, but fuch as love their own deftruclion. Oh, if we could 
wait on for a time, and believe in the dark the falvation of God ! 
At leaft we are to believe good of Chrift, till He gives us the flip 
(which is impoffible) ; and to take His word for caution, § that He 

* Given you grace ; alluding to the original of Luke i. 28. 
f An attractive commodity to purchafers. % A houfe fpoilt and disfigured. 
§ Security. 

1 63 7- J LETTER CC XX XV III. 131 

mall fill up all the blanks in His promifes, and give us what we 
want. But to the unbeliever, Chrift's teftament is white, blank, 
unwritten paper. 

Worthy and dear Sir, fet your face to heaven, and make you a* 
ftoop at all the low entries in the way, that ye may receive the 
kingdom as a child. Without this (He that knew the way faid) 
there is no entry in. Oh, but Chrift is willing to lead a poor 
(inner ! Oh what love my poor foul hath found in Him, in the 
houfe of my pilgrimage ! Suppofe that love in heaven and earth 
were loft, I dare fwear it may be found in Chrift. 

Now the very God of peace eftablifh. you, till the day of the 
glorious appearance of Chrift. 

Your own, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Sept. 7, 1637. 

m V \ja r 

CCXXXVIIL— To the Lady Gaitgirth. 



Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I long to hear 
how it goeth with you and your children. 
I exhort you not to lofe breath, nor to faint in your journey. 
The way is not fo long to your home as it was ; it will wear to one 
ftep or an inch at length, and ye fhall come ere long to be within 
your arm-length of the glorious crown. Your Lord Jefus did 
fweat and pant ere He got up that mount ; He was at " Father, 
fave Me !" with it. It was He who faid, "I am poured out like 
water ; all My bones are out of joint." Chrift was as if they had 
broken Him upon the wheel : " My heart is like wax, it is melted 
in the midft of My bowels." " My ftrength is dried up like a pot- 

* Written ti to y " in old editions. " Make a ftoop " is equivalent to "ftoop." 


flier d." # I am fure ye love the way the better that His holy feet 
trod it before you. CrofTes have a fmell of croiTed and pained 
Chrift. I believe that your Lord will not leave you to die your 
lonef in the way. I know that ye have fad hours, when the 
Comforter is hid under a vail, and when ye inquire for Him, and 
find but a toomj neft. This, I grant, is but a cold " good-day," 
when the feeker mifleth Him whom the foul loveth ; but even His 
unkindnefs is kind, His abfence lovely, His mafk a fweet fight, till 
God fend Chrifl Himfelf, in His own fweet prefence. Make His 
fweet comforts your own, and be not ftrange and fliame-faced with 
Chrifl. Homely § dealing is befl for Him ; it is His liking. When 
your winter florms are over, the fummer of your Lord fliall come. 
Your fadnefs is with child of joy ; He will do you good in the latter 

Take no heavier lift of your children than your Lord alloweth. 
Give them room befide your heart, but not in the yolk of your 
heart, where Chrifl fliould be ; for then they are your idols, not 
your bairns. If your Lord take any of them home to His houfe, 
before the florm come on, take it well. The owner of the orchard 
may take down two or three apples ofT his own trees before mid- 
fummer, and ere they get the harveft-fun : and it would not be 
feemly that his fervant, the gardener, fhould chide him for it. 
Let our Lord pluck His own fruit at any feafon He pleafeth. They 
are not loft to you ; they are laid up fo well as that they are coffered 
in heaven, where our Lord's befl jewels lie. They are all free 
goods that are there ; death can have no law to arreft anything that 
is within the walls of the New Jerufalem. 

All the faints, becaufe of fin, are like old rufly horologues, || that 
mufl be taken down, and the wheels fcoured and mended, and fet 
up again in better cafe than before. Sin hath rufled both foul and 

* Ps. xxii. 14, 15. t No one with you. 

% Empty. § Familiar. 

|| Clocks. In a fermon preached in Weftminfter Abbey, on Luke viii. 22, 
before the Houfe of Lords, in 1645, he fpeaks of Time's " horologue, fet 
agoing by God at the Creation." (P 8.) 

1637.] LETTER CCXXXIX. 133 

body : our dear Lord by death taketh us down to fcour the wheels 
of both, and to purge us perfectly from the root and remainder of 
fin ; and we mail be fet up in better cafe than before. Then pluck 
up your heart , heaven is yours ! and that is a word which few 
can fay. 

Now, the great Shepherd of the fheep, and the very God of 
peace, confirm and eftablifh you, to the day of the appearance of 
Chrifl our Lord. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 
Aberdeen, Sept 7, 1637. S. R. 

CCXXXIX.— To Mr Matthew Mowat. [Let. 120.] 


freshed with your letters. I would take all well at my 
Lord's hands that He hath done, if I knew that I could 
do my Lord any fervice in my fufFering ; fuppofe my Lord would 
make a flop-hole* of me, to fill a hole in the wall of His houfe, or 
a pinning \ in Zion's new work. For any place of truft in my 
Lord's houfe, as fteward, or chamberlain, or the like, iiirely I think 
myfelf (my very dear brother, I fpeak not by any proud figure or 
trope) unworthy of it •, nay, I am not worthy to ftand behind the 
door. If my head, and feet, and body were half out, half in, in 
ChrilVs houfe, fo that I faw the fair face of the Lord of the houfe, 
it would ftill my greening J and love-fick defires. When I hear 
that the men of God are at work, and fpeaking in the name of our 
Lord Jefus, I think myfelf but an outcaft, or outlaw, chafed from 
the city to lie on the hills, and live amongft the rocks and out- 
fields. Oh that I might but ftand in Ch rift's out-houfe, or hold a 

* Anything to fill up a hole. f A fmall ftone to fill up a crevice. 

X Greedily yearning. 

134 LETTER CCXXX1X. [1637. 

candle in any low vault of His houfe ! But I know this is but the 
vapours that arife out of a quarrelous* and unbelieving heart to 
darken the wifdom of God ; and your fault is jufr. mine, that I can- 
not believe my Lord's bare and naked word. I muit, either have 
an apple to play me with, and make hands with Chrift, and have 
feal, caution, f and witnefs to His word, or elfe I count myfelf loofe ; 
howbeit, I have the word and faith of a King ! Oh, I am made of 
unbelief, and cannot fwim but where my feet may touch the ground ! 
Alas ! Chrift under my temptations is prefented to me as lying 
waters, as a dyvour and a cozener ! We can make fuch a Chrift 
as temptations, cafting us in a night-dream, do feign and devife ; 
and temptations reprefent Chrift ever unlike Himfelf, and we, in our 
folly, liften to the tempter. 

If I could minifter one faving word to any, how glad would my 
foul be ! But I myfelf, which is the greateff evil, often miftake the 
crofs of Chriit. For I know, if we had wifdom, and knew well 
that eafe flayeth us fools, we would defire a market where we might 
barter or niffer \ our lazy eafe with a profitable crofs ; howbeit 
there be an outcaft§ natural betwixt our defires and tribulation. 
But fome give a dear price, and gold, for phyfic which they love not ; 
and buy ficknefs, howbeit they wifh rather to have been whole than 
to be fick. But furely, brother, ye mail have my advice (howbeit, 
alas ! I cannot follow it myfelf), not to contend with the honeft and 
faithful Lord of the houfe ; for, go He or come He, He is aye 
gracious in His departure. There are grace, and mercy, and loving- 
kindnefs upon ChrifVs back parts ; and when He goeth away, the 
proportion of His face, the image of that fair Sun that flayeth in 
eyes, fenfes, and heart, after He is gone, leaveth a mafs of love 
behind it in the heart. The found of His knock at the door of His 
Beloved, after He is gone and paffed, leaveth a fhare of joy and 
forrow both. So we have fomething to feed upon till He return : 
and He is more loved in His departure, and after He is gone, than 

* Fault finding. t Security. 

% Exchange. % A contention, a quarrel. 


before, as the day in the declining of the fun, and towards the even- 
ing, is often moft defired. 

And as for ChriiVs crofs, I never received evil of it, but what 
was of mine own making : when I mifcooked ChriiVs phyfic, no 
marvel that it hurt me. For fince it was on ChriiVs back, it hath 
always a fweet fmell, and thefe 1 600 years it keepeth the fmell of 
Chriil. Nay, it is older than that too ; for it is a long time fince Abel 
Hril handfeled the crofs, and had it laid upon his moulder ; and 
down from him, all alongft to this very day, all the faints have 
known what it is. I am glad that Chrift Jelus hath fuch a relation 
to this crofs, and that it is called " the crofs of our Lord Jefus,"* His 
reproach, f as if Chrift would claim it as His proper goods, and 
fb it cometh into the reckoning among ChriiVs own property. If it 
were fimple evil, as fin is, Chriil:, who is not the author nor owner 
of fin, would not own it. 

I wonder at the enemies of Chriil (in whom malice hath run 
away with wit, and will is up, and wit down), that they would 
eiTay to lift up the Stone laid in Zion. Surely it is not laid in fuch 
iinking ground as that they can raife it, or remove it ; for when we 
are in their belly, and they have fwallowed us down, they will be 
Tick, and fpue us out again. I know that Zion and her Huiband 
cannot both ileep at once -, I believe that our Lord once again will 
water with His dew the withered hill of Mount Zion in Scotland, 
and come down, and make a new marriage again, as He did long 
iince. Remember our Covenant. 

Your excufe for your advice to me is needlefs. Alas ! many 
iit befide light, as fick folks befide meat, and cannot make ufe of it. 
Grace be with you. 

Your brother in Chriil, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen*, Sept. 7, 1637. 

Gal. vi. 14. f Heb. xiii. 13. 

13 6 LETTER CCXL. [1637. 

CCXL.— To Mr John Meine, Jun. [See Let. 81.] 



EAR BROTHER,— I received your letter. I cannot 
but teftify under mine own hand, that Chrift is ftill the 
longer the better, and that this time is the time of loves. 
When I have faid all I can, others may begin and fay that I have 
laid nothing of Him. I never knew Chrift to ebb or flow, wax or 
wane. His winds turn not ; when He feemeth to change, it is but 
we who turn our wrong fide to Him. I never had a plea* with 
Him, in my hardeft conflicts, but of mine own making. Oh that 
I could live in peace and good neighbourhood with fuch a fecond,f 
and let Him alone ! My unbelief made many black lies, but my 
recantation to Chrift is not worth the hearing. Surely He hath 
borne with ftrange gawds J in me ; He knoweth my heart hath not 
natural wit to keep quarters with fuch a Saviour. 

Ye do well to fear your backfliding. I had flood fure if I had, in 
my youth, borrowed Chrift to be my bottom. But he that beareth his 
own weight to heaven, fhall not fail to flip and fink. Ye had no 
need to be barefooted among the thorns of this apoflate generation, 
left a ftob§ ftrike up into your foot, and caufe you to halt all your 
days. And think not that Chrift will do with you in the matter of 
fuffering as the Pope doth in the matter of fin. Ye (hall not find 
that Chrift will fell a difpenfation, or give a dyvour's protection 
againft erodes. Crofles are proclaimed as common accidents to all 
the faints, and in them ftandeth a part of our communion with 
Chrift ; but there lieth a fweet cafualty to the crofs, even Chrift's 
prelence and His comforts, when they || are fancHfied. 

* Difpute, quarrel. t Helper. t Habits, tricks. 

§ A fbarp pointed flake. || The crofles. 

1637.] LETTER CCXLL 137 

Remember my love to your father and mother. Grace be with 


Yours, in his fweet Lord Jems, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 7, 1637. 

CCXLI. — To John Fleming, Bailie of Leith. 


j]UCH HONOURED IN THE LORD,— Grace, mercy, 
and peace be to you. — I am ftill in good terms with 
Chrift : however my Lord's wind blow, I have the 
advantage of the calm and funny fide of Chrift. Devils, and hell, 
and devil's fervants, are all blown blind, in purfuing the Lord's 
little bride. They mall be as a night-dream who fight againft Mount 

Worthy Sir, I hope that ye take to heart the worth of your 
calling. This great fair and meeting of the people mall {kail,* and 
the portf is open for us. As fail as time weareth out, we fly 
away ; eternity is at our elbow. Oh, how blefled are they who in 
time make Chrift. fure for themfelves ! Salvation is a great errand. 
I find it hard to fetch heaven. Oh that we would take pains on 
our lamps, for the Bridegroom is coming ! The other fide of this 
world fhall be turned up incontinently,;); and up fhall be down : and 
thofe that are weeping in fackcloth will triumph on white horfes, 
with Him whofe name is The Word of God. Thofe dying idols, 
the fair creatures that we whorifhly love better than our Creator, 
fhall pafs away like fnow- water. The Godhead, the Godhead ! a 
communion with God in Chrifl ! To be halvers with Chrift of the 
purchafed houfe and inheritance in heaven, fhould be our fcope and 

* Break up and fcatter. f Gate. I Immediately. 

138 ' LETTER CCXLIL [1637. 

For myfelf, when I lay my accounts, oh what telling, oh what 
weighing is in Chrift ! Oh how foft are His kiiTes ! Oh love, love 
furpafling in Jems ! I have no fault to that love, but that it feem- 
eth to deal niggardly with me ; I have little of it. Oh that I had 
ChrifVs feen and read bond, fubfcribed by Himfelf, for my fill of 
it ! "What garland have I, or what crown, if I looked right on 
things, but Jefus ! Oh, there is no room in us on this fide of the 
water for that love. This narrow bit of earth, and thefe ebb* and 
narrow fouls can hold little of it, becaufe we are full of rifts. \ I 
would that glory, glory would enlarge us (as it will), and make us 
tight, and clofe up our feams and rifts, that we might be able to com- 
prehend it which is yet incomprehenfible. 

Remember my love to your wife. Grace be with you. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 7, 1637. 

CCXLII. — To the Lady Rowallan, \_BiJhopton.~] 

[Lady Rowallan, whofe maiden name was Sarah Brifbane, being the 
fourth daughter of John Brifbane of Bilhoptown, was the third wife of Sir 
William Mure of Rowallan. — {Robert/on s Ayr/hire Families.) " In 1639, 
Lady Rowallan loft her hufband, who died that year in the 63d year of his 
age. He was a man of ftrong body, and delighted much in hunting and 
hawking." — {The Hi/lory and Defcent of the Houfe of Rowallan. By Sir William 
Mure, Knight, of Rowallan.)] 


ADAM, — Though not acquainted, I am bold in Chrift to 
fpeak to your Ladyfhip on paper. I rejoice in our 
Lord Jefus, on your behalf, that it hath pleafed Him, 

* Shallow. t Rents, cracks. 

1637.] LETTER CCXLIL 139 

whole love to you is as old as Himfelf, to manifeft the favour of 
His love in Chrift Jelus to your foul, in the revelation of His will 
and mind to you, now when fo many are fhut up in unbelief. O 
the fweet change which ye have made, in leaving the black kingdom 
of this world and fin, and coming over to our Bridegroom's new 
kingdom, to know, and be taken with the love of the beautiful Son 
of God ! I befeech you, Madam, in the Lord, to make now fure 
work, and fee that the old houfe be caften down, and razed 
from the foundation, and that the new building of your foul be of 
Chrift's own laying ; for then wind nor ftorm mail neither loofe it, 
nor make it afunder. Many now take Chrift by guefs ; be fure 
that it be He, and only He, whom ye have met with. His fweet 
fmell, His lovely voice, His fair face, His fweet working in the foul, 
will not lie ; they will foon tell if it be Chrift indeed ; and I think 
that your love to the faints fpeaketh that it is He. And, therefore, 
I fay, be fure that ye take Chrift Himfelf, and take Him with His 
Father's bleffing : His Father alloweth Him* well upon you. Your 
lines are well fallen ; it could not have been better, nor fo well with 
you, if they had not fallen in thefe places. In heaven, or out of 
heaven, there is nothing better, nothing fo fweet and excellent as 
the thing ye have lighted on ; and therefore hold you with Chrift. 
Joy, much joy may ye have of Him : but take His crofs with Him- 
felf cheerfully. Chrift and His crofs are not feparable in this life ; 
howbeit Chrift and His crofs part at heaven's door, for there is no 
houferoom for croffes in heaven. One tear, one figh, one fad heart, 
one fear, one lofs, one thought of trouble, cannot find lodging there : 
they are but the marks of our Lord Jefus down in this wide inn, 
and ftormy country, on this fide of death. Sorrow and the faints 
are not married together ; or, fuppofe it were fo, heaven would 
make a divorce. I find that His fweet prefence eateth out the bitter- 
nefs of forrow and fufFering. I think it a fweet thing that Chrift 
faith of my crofs, " Half mine j " and that He divideth thefe fuffer- 
ings with me, and taketh the larger fhare to Himfelf ; nay, that I 

* Gives him a large allowance to fpend on you. 

140 LETTER CCXLIIL [1637. 

and my whole crofs are wholly ChrifVs. Oh, what a portion is 
Chrift ! Oh that the faints would dig deeper in the treafures of 
His wifdom and excellency ! 

Thus recommending your Ladyfhip to the good- will and tender 
mercies of our Lord, I reft, your Ladyfhip's, in his fweet Lord 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Sept. 7, 1637. 

CCXLIIL— For Marion M'Naught. 

SWEET LORD JESUS,— Grace, mercy, and peace, 
from God our Father, and from our Lord Jefus. 

I know that the Lord will do* for your town. I hear that 
the Bifhop is afraid to come amongft you : for fo it is fpoken in this 
town. And many here rejoice now to pen a fupplication to the 
Council, for bringing me home to my place, and for repairing other 
wrongs done in the country : and fee if you can procure that three 
or four hundred in the country, noblemen, gentlemen, countrymen, 
and citizens, fubfcribe it ; the more the better. It may be that it 
will affright the Bifhop ; and, by law, no advantage can be taken 
againfl you for it. I have not time to write to Carleton and to 
Knockbrex •, but I would you did fpeak them in it, and let them 
advife with Carleton. Mr A. thinketh well of it, and I think the 
others will approve it. 

I am ftill in good cafe with Chrifl ; my court f is no lefs than it 
was ; the door of the Bridegroom's houfe-of-wine is open, when 
iuch a poor ftranger as I come athort.J I change, but Chrift abideth 
ftill the fame. 

* Act for. f Influence. % Athwart, acrofs. 

1637.] LETTER CCXLIIL 141 

They have put out my one poor eye, my only joy, to preach 
Chrift, and to go errands betwixt Him and His bride. What my 
Lord will do with me, I know not : it is like that I mall not winter 
in Aberdeen ; but where it mail be elfe, I know not. There are 
fome bloflbmings of Chrifl's kingdom in this town, and the fmoke is 
rifing, and the minifters are raging ; but I love a rumbling and roar- 
ing devil beft. 

I befeech you in the Lord, my dear fifter, to wait for the falva- 
tion of God. Slack not your hands in meeting to pray. Fear not 
fleih. and blood : we have been all over-feared, and that gave louns * 
the confidence to mut me out of Galloway. 

Remember my love to John Carfen,f and Mr John Brown 4 I 
never could get my love off that man : I think Chrift hath fomething 
to do with him. Defire your huiband from me, not to think ill of 
Chrift for His crofs. Many mifken § Chrift, becaufe He hath the 
crofs on His back ; but He will caufe us all to laugh yet. I befeech 
you, as ye would do anything for me, to remember my Lady Mari- 
fchal to God, and her fon the Earl Marifchal, efpecially her Chriftian 
daughter, my Lady Pitfligo. |[ 

I fhall go to death with it, that Chrift will return again to Scot- 
land, with falvation in His wings, and to Galloway. 

Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Sept. 7, 1637. 

* Worthlefs fellows. t See Let. 127. 

X This was Mr John Brown who became minifter of Wamphray. He 
was at this time a young man, whofe talents and piety gave promife of eminent 
ufefulnefs in the Church. See his life in the Scots Worthies. 

§ Overlook, refufe to own. 

|| Lady Jane, fecond daughter of Lady Marifchal, who was married to 
Lord Pitfligo. {Douglas' Peerage, vol. ii., p. 194.) See note to Let. 206. 

142 LETTER CCXLIV. [1637. 

CCXLIV.*— To Marion M'Naught. 

" And in that day will I make Jerufalem a burdenfome ftone for all people: 
all that burden themfelves with it fhall be cut in pieces, though all the 
people of the earth be gathered together againft it." — Zech. xii. 13. 


ELL-BELOVED SISTER,— I have been fparing to write 
to you becaufe I was heavy at the proceedings of our 
late Parliament.f Where law mould have been, they 
would not give our Lord Jefus fair law and juftice, nor the benefit 
of the houfe, to hear either the juft grievances, or the humble fup- 
plications of the fervants of God.J Nothing refteth, but that we 
lay our grievances before our crowned King, Jefus, who reigneth in 
Zion. And howbeit it be true, that the Acts of the Perth AiTembly 
for conformity are eftablimed, and the King's power to impofe the 
furplice, and other mafs-apparel, upon minifters, be confirmed, § yet 
what men conclude is not Scripture. Kings have fhort arms to 
overturn ChrilVs throne ; and our Lord hath been walking and 
ftanding upon His feet at this Parliament, when fifteen earls and 

* Aberdeen is affixed to this letter ; and if written from Aberdeen, it mull 
have been in 1637. Hence the letter is inferted here. At the fame time, the 
reference to events points to fome time about 1633. It is poffible that " Aber- 
deen " is a miftake for Anivotb. 

t The Parliament held at Edinburgh in June 1633. 

% Mr Thomas Hog, minifter of the Gofpel, in his own name, and in the 
name of other minifters, before the fitting down of the Parliament, prefented 
a paper, entitled, " Grievances and Petitions concerning the Difordered Eftate 
of the Reformed Kirk within this realm of Scotland," to Sir John Hay, Clerk 
Regifter, to be laid before the Parliament. 

§ The reference here is to two Acts pafTed by the Parliament in June 1633, 
the one ratifying all Acts made before in favour of the Church, and confe- 
quently ratifying the Acts of Perth, and other Acts made for fettling and ad- 
vancing the eftate of bifhops ; the other, afTerting the King's prerogative of 
enjoining churchmen to wear whatever apparel he chofe. 

1637.] LETTER CCXLIV. 143 

lords, and forty-four commiiTioners for buroughs, with fome barons, 
have voted for our kirk,* in face of a king who, with much awe and 
terror, with his own hand, wrote up the voters for or againft him- 
felf.f Long before this kirk, in the fecond Pfalm, the ends of the 
earth (Scotland and England) were gifted of the Father to His Son, 
Chrift ; and that is an old Act of Parliament decreed by our Lord, 
and printed four thoufand years ago. Their Acts are but yet print- 
ing. The fir ft. Act fhall ftand, let all the potentates of the world, 
who love Chrift's room better than Himfelf, rage as they pleafe. 
Though the mountains be carried into the midft of the fea, yet there 
is a river that cometh out of the fanctuary, and the ftreams of it re- 
frefri the city of God. That well is not yet cried down \ in Scot- 
land, nor can it dry up : therefore, ftill believe and truft in God's 
falvation. If you knew the whole proceedings, it is the Lord's 
mercy that matters have gone at our Parliament, as they have gone. 
The Lord Jefus, in our King's ears, to his great provocation and 
grief, hath gotten many witnefTes ; and we faw in all the Son of 
God overturning their policy, and making the world know how 
well He loveth His poor fun-burnt bride in Scotland. The Lord 
liveth, and Hefted be the God of our falvation. 

For the matter betwixt your hufband and Carleton, I truft in 
God it fhall be removed. It hath grieved me exceedingly. I have 
dealt with Carleton, and fhall deal. Put it off yourfelf upon the 
Lord, that it burden you not. 

I have heard of your daughter's marriage: I pray the Lord 
Jefus to fubfcribe the contract, and to be at the banquet, as He was 
at the marriage of Cana of Galilee. Show her from me, that 
though it be true that God's children have prayed for her, yet the 
promife of God is made to her prayers and faith efpecially : and, 
therefore, I would entreat her to feek the Lord to be at the wed- 

* This was the number of members of Parliament who voted againft the 
above A els. 

f " The King's taking pen and paper in hand in the time of the voting, 
was a mfficient ground of apprehending fear." (Scot's Apologetical Narration.) 

% Depreciated ; it has not loft its fame. 

144 LETTER CCXLV. [1637. 

ding. Let her give Chrift the love of her virginity and efpoufals, 
and choofe Him firft as her Hufband, and that match mail blefs the 
other. It is a new world me entereth into, and therefore me hath 
need of new acquaintance with the Son of God, and of a renewing 
of her love to Him, whofe love is better than wine. " The time is 
fhort : let the married be as though they were not married ; they 
that weep, as though they weeped not ; they that rejoice, as though 
they rejoiced not ; they that buy, as though they poiTefTed not ; they 
that ufe this world, as though they ufed it not : for the fafhion of 
this world pafTeth away."* Grace, grace be her portion from the 
Lord. I know that you have a care on you of it, that all be right : 
but let Chrift bear all. You need not pity Him, if I may fay fo ; 
put Him to it, He is ftrength enough. 

The Spirit of the Lord Jefus be with you. 

Your friend, in his deareft. friend, Chrifl Jefus, 
Aberdeen. S. R. 

CCXLV.— To my Lady Boyd. 


LADY, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I re- 
ceived your letter, and am well pleafed that your 
thoughts of Chrift. ftay with you, and that your purpofe ftill is, by 
all means, to take the kingdom of heaven by violence ; which is no 
fmall conqueft. And it is a degree of watchfulnefs and thankful- 
nefs, alfo, to obferve fleepinefs and unthankfulnefs. We have all 
good caufe to complain of falie light, that playeth the thief and 
ftealeth away the lantern, when it cometh to the practice of con- 
ftant walking with God. Our journey is ten times a-day broken 
into ten pieces. Chrift getteth but only broken, and halved, and 
tired work of us, and, alas ! too often againft the hair.f 

* 1 Cor. vii. 29, 30, 31. t Againft the grain. 

1637J * LETTER CCXLV. 145 

I have been fomewhat nearer the Bridegroom ■ but when I 
draw nigh, and fee my vilenefs, for fhame I would be out of His 
prefence again. But yet, defire of His foul-refrefhing love putteth 
blufhing me under an arrefL Oh, what am I, fo loathfome a 
burden of fin, to ftand befide fuch a beautiful and holy Lord, fuch 
a high and lofty One who inhabiteth eternity ! But fince it pleafeth 
Chrifr. to condefcend to fuch an one as I, let ihamefacednefs be laid 
afide, and lofe itfelf in His condefcending love. I would heartily be 
content to keep a corner of the King's hall. Oh, if I were at the 
yonder* end of my weak defires, then fhould I be where Chrift, my 
Lord and lover, liveth and reigneth ; there I fhould be everlafiingly 
folaced with the fight of His face, and fatisfied with the furpaffing 
fweetnefs of His matchlefs love. But truly now I ftand in the 
netherf fide of my defires ; and with a drooping head, and panting 
heart, I look up to fair Jefus, ftanding afar off from us, whillj cor- 
ruption and death ihall fcour and refine the body of clay, and rot 
out the bones of the old man of fin. In the meantime we are 
bjefied in fending word to the Beloved, that we love to love Him ; 
and till then, there is joy in wooing, fuiting,§ lying about His houfe, 
looking in at the windows, and fending a poor foul's groans and 
wifhes through a hole of the door to Jefus, till God fend a glad 
meeting. And blefied be God, that after a low ebb, and fo fad a 
word, " Lord Jefus, it is long fince I faw Thee," that even then 
our wings are growing, and the abfence of fweet Jefus breedeth a 
new fleece of defires and longings for Him. I know that no man 
hath a velvet crofs, but the crofs is made of that which God will 
have it. But verily, howbeit it be no warrantable market to buy 
a crofs, || yet I dare not fay, " Oh that I had liberty to fell Chrift's 
crofs," left therewith, alfo, I fhould fell joy, comfort, fenfe of love, 
patience, and the kind vifits of a Bridegroom. And, therefore, 
blefied be God we get croffes unbought and good-cheap. % Sure I 

* The far off. f On the lower ; not attaining them. J Till. § Preffing a fuit. 
|| No one is warranted, in God's market, to buy fuch a thing as a trial ; we 
mu ft not bring trials on ourfelves. 
€ At a very low rate. 
VOL. 11. K 

1^6 LETTER CCXLV. [1637. 

am, it were better to buy crofles for Chrift than to fell them : how- 
beit neither be allowed to us. 

And for Chrift's joyful coming and going, which your Lady- 
mip fpeaketh of, I bear with it, as love can permit. It mould be 
enough to me, if I were wife, that Chriit. will have joy and forrow 
halvers of the life of the faints, and that each of them mould have 
a mare of our days ; as the night and the day are kindly partners 
and halvers of time, and take it up betwixt them. But if forrow be 
the greedier halver of our days here, I know that joy's day mail 
dawn, and do more than recompenfe all our fad hours. Let my 
Lord Jefus (fince He willeth to do fo) weave my bit and fpan- 
length of time with white and black, well and wo, with the Bride- 
groom's coming and His fad departure, as warp and woof in one 
web ; and let the rofe be neighboured with the thorn •, yet hope 
that maketh not afhamed hath written a letter and lines of hope to 
the mourners in Zion, that it mail not be long fo. When we are 
over the water, Chrift fhall cry down crofTes, and up heaven for 
evermore ! and down hell, and down death, and down fin, and 
down forrow ! and up glory, up life, up joy for evermore ! In 
this hope, I fleep quietly in Chrift's bofom whill He come who is 
not flack ; and would fleep fo, were it not that the noife of the 
devil, and of fin's feet, and the cries of an unbelieving heart, awaken 
me. But, for the prefent, I have nothing whereof I can accufe 
Chrift's crofs. Oh, if I could pleafe myfelf in Chrift only ! 

I hope, Madam, that your fons will improve their power for 
Jefus. For there is no danger, neither is there any queftion or 
juftling betwixt Chrift and authority (though our enemies falfely 
ftate the queftion), as if Chrift and authority could not abide under 
one roof. The queftion only is, betwixt Chrift and men in authority. 
Authority is for and from Chrift, and fib # to Him ; how then can 
He make a pleaf with it ? Nay, the truth is, worms and gods of 
clay are rifen up againft Chrift. If the fruit of your Lady fhip's 
womb be helpers of Chrift, ye have good ground to rejoice in God. 

* Related by blood, as it were. f Quarrel, controverfy. 

1637.] LETTER CCXLVL 147 

All that your Ladyfhip can expect for your good-will to me 
and my brother (a wronged ftranger for Chrift), is the prayers of 
a prifoner of Jems, to whom I recommend your Ladyfhip, and 
your houfe and children , and in whom I am, Madam, 
Your Ladyfhip's in Chrift, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 8, 1637. 

CCXLVL— To Mr Thomas Garven. [Let. 152.] 

EAR BROTHER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to 
you. — I rejoice that ye cannot be quit of Chrift (if I 
may fpeak fo), but that He muft, He will have you. 
Betake yourfelf to Chrift, my dear brother. It is a great bufinefs 
to make quit of fuperfluities, and of thofe things which Chrift can- 
not dwell with. I am content with my own crofs, that Chrift hath 
made mine by an eternal lot, becaufe it is Chrift's and mine together. 
I marvel not that winter is without heaven, for there is no winter with- 
in it : all the faints, therefore, have their own meafure of winter, 
before their eternal fummer. Oh for the long day, and the high fun, 
and the fair garden, and the King's Great City up above thefe vifible 
heavens ! What God layeth on let us fufFer ; for fome have one crofs, 
fome feven, fome ten, fome half a crofs. Yet all the faints have whole 
and full joy ; and feven crofTes have feven joys. Chrift is cumbered 
with me (to fpeak fo) and my crofs ; but He falleth not off from 
me ;* we are not at variance. I find the very glooms f of Chrift's 
wooing a foul fweet and lovely. I had rather have Chrift's buffet 
and love-ftroke, than another king's kifs. Speak evil of Chrift who 
will, I hope to die with love thoughts of Him. Oh that there are 
fo few tongues in heaven and earth to extol Him ! I wifh His 

* Does not feparate Himfelf from me. f Frowns. 

148 LETTER CCXLVIL [1637. 

praifes go not down amongft us. Let not Chrift be low and lightly 
efteemed in the midft of us : but let all hearts and all tongues call: 
in their portion, and contribute fomething to make Him great in 
Mount Zion. 

Thus recommending you to His grace, and remembering my 
love to your wife and mother, and your kind brother, R. B., # and 
entreating you to remember my bonds, I reft, 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Sept. 8, 1637. 

CCXLVIL— To Janet Kennedy. [Let. 88.] 


OVING AND DEAR SISTER,— Grace, mercy, and 
peace be to you. — I received your letter. I know that 
the favour of Chrift in you (whom the virgins love to 
follow) cannot be blown away with winds, either from hell, or 
the evil-fmelled air of this defiled world. Sit far aback from the 
walls of this pefthoufe, even the pollutions of this defiling world. 
Keep your tafte, your love, and hope in heaven ; it is not good 
that your love and your Lord fhould be in two fundryf countries. 
Up, up after your lover, that ye and He may be together. A King 
from heaven hath fent for you : by faith He fhoweth you the New 
Jerufalem, and taketh you alongft in the Spirit, through all the 
eafe-roomsj and dwelling-houfes in heaven, and faith, " All thefe 
are thine ; this palace is for thee and Chrift." And if ye only had 
been the chofen of God, Chrift would have built that one houfe for 
you and Himfelf : now it is for you and many others alfo. Take 
with you in your journey what you may carry with you, your 
confcience, faith, hope, patience, meeknefs, goodnefs, brotherly 

* Probably, Robert Blair. f Separate, diftincl. % Rooms for reft. 

1637.] LETTER CCLXVIL 149 

kindnefs ; for fuch wares as thefe are of great price in the high and 
new country whither ye go. As for other things, which are but 
the world's vanity and trafh, fince they are but the houfe-fweepings, 
ye will do beft not to carry them with you. Ye found them here ; 
leave them here, and let them keep the houie. Your fun is well 
turned and low ; be nigh your lodging againfr, night. We go one 
and one out of this great market, till the town be empty, and the 
two lodgings, heaven and hell, be filled. At length there will be 
nothing in the earth but toom* walls and burnt allies ; and, there- 
fore, it is belt to make away. Antichrilt and his mailer are bufy 
to plenifhf hell, and to feduce many : and ftars, great church-lights, 
are falling from heaven, and many are milled and {educed, and 
make up with their faith, and fell their birthrights, by their hungry 
hunting for I know not what. Fallen your grips \ fait upon Chriit. 
I verily efteem Him the bell aught § that I have. He is my fecond || 
in prifon. Having Him, though my crofs were as heavy as ten 
mountains of iron, when He putteth His fweet moulder under me 
and it, my crofs is but a feather. I pleafe myfelf in the choice of 
Chrift ; He is my wale % in heaven and earth. I rejoice that He is 
in heaven before me. God fend a joyful meeting ; and, in the 
meantime, the traveller's charges for the way, I mean a burden of 
Chrift's love, to fweeten the journey, and to encourage a breathlefs 
runner ; for when I lofe breath, climbing up the mountain, He 
maketh new breath. 

Now the very God of peace eitabliih you to the day of His 

Yours, in his only Lord Jems, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen", Sept. 9, 1637. 

* Empty. f Fill. | Firm hold. 

§ Property; fo ufed by Gawin Douglas. || Helper, % Choice portion 

15° LETTER CCXLVUL [1637. 

CCXLVIIL— To Margaret Reid. \_Probably an Anivoth 




Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — Ye are truly 
blefTed of the Lord, however a four world gloom* 
upon you, if ye continue in the faith grounded and fettled, and be 
not moved away from the hope of the Gofpel. It is good that 
there is a heaven, and it is not a night-dream or a fancy. It is a 
wonder that men deny not that there is heaven, as they deny there 
is a way to it but of men's making. You have learned of Chrift 
that there is a heaven : contend for it, and contend for Chrift. 
Bear well and fubmiffively the hard crofs of this ftep-mother world, 
that God will not have to be yours. I confefs it is hard, and I 
would I were able to eafe you of your burden ; but believe me, that 
this world (which the Lord will not have to be yours) is but the 
drofs, the refufe, and fcum of God's creation, the portion of the 
Lord's hired fervants ; the moveables, not the heritage ; a hard 
bone caften to the dogs holden out of the New Jerufalem, where- 
upon they rather break their teeth than fatisfy their appetite. It is 
your Father's bleffing, and Chrift's birthright, that our Lord is 
keeping for you. And I perfuade you, that your feed, alfo, mail 
inherit the earth (if that be good for them), for that is promifed 
to them ; and God's bond is as good, and better, than if men 
would give every one of them a bond for a thoufand thoufands. 
Ere ye were born, crofles, in number, meafure, and weight, were 
written for you, and your Lord will lead you through them. Make 
Chrift fure, and the bleflings of the earth mall be at Chrift's back. 
I fee many profeflbrs for the fafhionf follow on, but they are pro- 
fefTors of glafs ; I would caufe a little knock of perfecution ding J 

* Frown fulkily. f Becaufe it is the fafhion. 

% Strike violently, fo as to break. 

1637.] LETTER CCXLIX. 151 

them in twenty pieces, and fo the world would laugh at the fhreds. 
Therefore, make faft work. See that Chriit lay the ground-ftone # 
of your profelTion ; for wind, and rain, and fpaitsf will not wafh 
away His building. His works have no fhorter date than to ftand 
for evermore. I mould twenty times have perifhed in my affliction, 
if I had not leaned my weak back, and laid my preiTing burden both, 
upon the ffone, the Foundation-ftone, the Corner-ftone laid in Zion : 
and I defire never to rife off this ftone. 

Now, the very God of peace confirm and eftablifh you unto the 
day of the blelTed appearance of Chrift Jefus. God be with you. 
Yours, in his deareft Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 


CCXLIX.— To James Bautie. 

[We do not know who this correfpondent was; even the name u Bautie" 
is now unknown. It may, however, be the fame as u Bcatie," or (i Bcattie," 
a name very common in Dumfriesfhire.] 


OVING BROTHER,— Grace, mercy, and peace be 
unto you. — I received your letter, and render you 
thanks for the fame ; but I have not time to anfwer all 
the heads of it, as the bearer can inform you. 

I. Ye do well to take yourfelf at the rightftotj when ye wrong 
Chrift by doubting and mifbelief. For this is to nickname Chriit, 
and term Him a liar, which being fpoken to our prince, would be 
hanging or beheading. But Chriit hangeth not always for treafon. 
It is good that He may regiftrate§ a believer's bond a hundred 
times, and more than feven times a day have law againft us ; and 

* Foundation. t Floods. 

X Point ; the rebound of a ball. Ye do well to recall your thoughts ere 
they have gone too far. 

§ Regi/ier. A bond regiftered is kept on record, and cannot be taken out. 

152 LETTER CCXLIX. [1637. 

yet He fpareth us, as a man doth fon that ferveth him. No tender- 
hearted mother, who may have law to kill her fucking child, would 
put in execution that law. 

2dly, For your failings, even when ye have a fet tryft * with 
Chrift, and when ye have a fair, feen advantage, by keeping your 
appointment with Him, and falvation cometh to the very paffing of 
the feals, I would fay two things. — I. Concluded and fealed falva- 
tion may go through and be ended, fuppofe you write your name to 
the tail of the covenant with ink that can hardly be read. Neither 
think I ever any man's falvation palled the feals, but there was an 
odd trick or (lip, in lefs or more, upon the fool's part who is infefted 
in heaven. In the moft grave and ferious work of our falvation, I 
think Chrift had ever good caufe to laugh at our fillinefs, and to 
put us on His merits, that we might bear weight.f 2. It is a fweet 
law of the New Covenant, and a privilege of the new burgh, that 
citizens pay according to their means. For the New Covenant faith 
not, " So much obedience by ounce- weights, and no lefs, under the 
pain of damnation." Chrift taketh as poor men may give. Where 
there is a mean portion, He is content with the lefs, if there be 
fincerity ; broken fums, and little, fecklefs \ obedience will be 
pardoned, and hold the foot § with Him. Know ye not that our 
kindly Lord retaineth His good old heart yet ? He breaketh not a 
bruifed reed, nor quencheth the fmoking flax ; if the wind but blow, 
He holdeth His hand about it till it rife to a flame. The law cometh 
on with three O-yeffes, || " with all the heart, with all the foul, 
and with all the ftrength ;" and where would poor folks, like you 
and me, furnifh all thefe fums ? It feareth me (nay, it is mofl 
certain), that, if the payment were to come out of our purfe, when 
we fhould put our hand into our bag, we fhould bring out the 
wind, or worfe. But the New Covenant feeketh not heap-mete, % 

* Appointment to meet. f Stand the weighing. 

X Worthlefs. § Be allowed to go on with. 

|| Proclamations intimating a demand: from the French, " Oyez," 
" Hear!" 

% Heaped or full meafure. 

r6370 LETTER CCXLIX. 153 

nor ftented # obedience, as the condition of it ; becaufe forgivenefs 
hath always place. Hence I draw this conclufion : that to think 
matters betwixt Chrift and us go back for want of heaped meafure, 
is a piece of old Adam's pride, who would either be at legal pay- 
ment, or nothing. We would flill have God in our common, \ and 
buy His kindnefs with our merits. For beggarly pride is devil's 
honefty, and blufheth to be in Chrifl's common, \ and fcarce giveth 
God a grammercy4 and a lifted cap (except it be the Pharifee's 
unlucky, " God, I thank Thee "), or a bowed knee to Chriit. It 
will only give a " Good-day" for a " Good-day" again ; and if He 
diffemble His kindnefs, as it were in jefl, and feem to mifken § it, 
it in earneft fpurneth with the heels, and fnufFeth in the wind, and 
careth not much for Chrifl's kindnefs. " If He will not be friends, 
let Him go," faith pride. Beware of this thief, when Chrift offereth 

3dly, No marvel, then, of whifperings, Whether you be in the 
covenant or not ? for pride maketh loofe work of the covenant of 
grace, and will not let Chrift be full bargain-maker. To fpeak to 
you particularly and fhortly : — I. All the truly regenerated cannot 
determinately tell you the meafure of their dejections ; becaufe 
Chrift beginneth young with many, and flealeth into their heart, 
ere they wit of themfelves, and becometh homely || with them, with 
little din or noife. I grant that many are blinded, in rejoicing in a 
good-cheap f converfion, that never cofl them a fick night. Chrifl's 
phyfic wrought in a dream upon them. But for that ; I would fay, 
if other marks be found that Chrift is indeed come in, never make 
plea** with him becaufe he will not anfwer, " Lord Jefus, how 
camefl Thou in? whether in at door or window?" Make Him 
welcome, fince He is come. " The wind bloweth where it lifleth ;" 
all the world's wit cannot perfectly render a reafon why the wind 
mould be a month in the eafl, fix weeks pollibly in the wefl, and 

* Fixed at a certain rate. f Under ohligation to us. 

% From the French, " Grand-merci," thanks. § Overlook. 

|| Familiar. ^ That coft almoft nothing. ** Quarrel. 

154 LETTER CCXLIX. [1637. 

the fpace of only an afternoon in the fouth or north. Ye will not 
find out all the nicks* and fleps of Chrift's way with a foul, do 
what ye can ; for fometimes He will come in ftepping foftly, like 
one walking befide a fleeping perfon, and flip to the door, and let 
none know He is there. 2. Ye object ; The truly regenerate fhould 
love God for Himfelf ; and ye fear that ye love Him more for His 
benefits (as incitements and motives to love Him) than for Himfelf. 
I anfwer ; To love God for Himfelf, as the lafl end, and alfo for 
His benefits as incitements and motives to love Him, may ftand well 
together ; as a fon loveth his mother, becaufe me is his mother, 
howbeit fhe be poor : and he loveth her for an apple alfo. I hope 
ye will not fay, that benefits are the only reafon and bottom of 
your love ; it feemeth there is a better foundation for it. Always, f 
if a hole be in it, few it up fhortly.J 3- Ye feel not fuch mourning 
in Chaff's abfence as ye would. I anfwer ; That the regenerate 
mourn at all times, and all in like meafure, for His abfence, I deny. 
There are different degrees of mourning, lefs or more, as they have 
lefs or more love to Him, and lefs or more fenfe of His abfence ; 
but, fome they muff have. Sometimes they mifs not the Lord, and 
then they cannot mourn ; howbeit, it is not long fo ; at leaft, it is 
not always fo. 4. Ye challenge yourfelf that fome truths find more 
credit with you than others. Ye do well ; for God is true in the 
leaft, as well as in the greateft, and He muff be fo to you. Ye 
muff not call Him true in the one page of the leaf, and falfe in the 
other ; for our Lord, in all His writings, never contradicted Him- 
felf yet. Although the beft of the regenerate have flipped here, 
always labour ye to hold your feet. 

4thly, Comparing the ftate of one truly regenerate, whofe heart 
is a temple of the Holy Ghoft, and yours, which is full of unclean- 
nefs and corruption, ye ftand dumb and difcouraged, and dare not 
fometimes call Chrift heartfomely§ your own. I anfwer; I. The 
beft regenerate have their defilements, and, if I may fpeak fo, their 

* Degrees, marks. t Although. 

t Forthwith. § Cordially. 

1637.] LETTER CCXLIX. 155 

draff-poke,* that will clogf behind them all their days ; and, waih 
as they will, there will be filth in their bofom. But let not this put 
you from the well. I anfwer ; 2. Albeit there be fome ounce- 
weights of carnality, and fome fquint look, or eye in our neck to an 
idol, yet love in its own meafure may be found. For glory muft 
purify and perfect our love , it never will till then be abfolutely 
pure. Yet, if the idol reign, and have the whole of the heart, and 
the keys of the houfe, and Chrifl only be made an underling to run 
errands, all is not right ; therefore, examine well. 3. There is a 
twofold difcouragement : one of unbelief, to conclude (and make 
doubt of the conclufion) for a mote in your eye, and a by-look \ 
to an idol ; this is ill. There is another difcouragement of forrow 
for fin, when ye find a by-look to an idol ; this is good, and matter 
of thankfgiving. Therefore, examine here alfo. 

5thly, The afTurance of Jefus's love, ye fay, would be the 
mod: comfortable news that ever ye heard. Anfwer ; That may flop 
twenty holes, and loofe many objections. That love hath telling in 
it, I trow. Oh that ye knew and felt it, as I have done ! I wifh 
you a fhare of my feafl: ; fweet, fweet hath it been to me. If my 
Lord had not given me this love, I mould have fallen through the 
caufeway of Aberdeen ere now ! But for you, hing § on ; your 
feaft is not far off ; ye fhall be filled ere ye go. There is as much 
in our Lord's pantry as will fatisfy all His bairns, and as much wine 
in His cellar as will quench all their thirft. Hunger on, for there 
is meat in hunger for Chrift. Never go from Him, but fafh || Him 
(who yet is pleafed with the importunity of hungry fouls) with a 
dim-full of hungry defires till He fill you ; and if He delay, yet come 
not ye away, albeit ye fhould fall afwoon at His feet. 

6thly, Ye crave my mind, whether found comfort maybe found 
in prayer, when conviction of a known idol is prefent. I anfwer; 

* The bag which beggars ufed for holding all the refufe which might be 
given them. 

f Form an encumbrance. % Side-look. § Hang on. 

§ Trouble by importunity. 

156 LETTER CCXLIX. [1637. 

(ift), An idol, as an idol, cannot ftand with found comforts ; for that 
comfort that is gotten at Dagon's feet is a cheat or blaflume. # Yet 
found comfort, and conviction of an eye to an idol, may as well 
dwell together as tears and joy. But let this do you no ill ; I fpeak 
it for your encouragement, that ye may make the belt, of our joys 
ye can, albeit you find them mixed with motes. (2dly), Sole con- 
viction (if alone, without remorfe and grief) is not enough ; there- 
fore, lend it a tear if ye dowf win at it. 

ythly, Ye queftion j when ve win to more fervency fometimes 
with your neighbour in prayer, than when you are alone, whether 
hypocrify be in it or not ? I anfwer, if this be always, no queftion 
a fpice of hypocrify is in it, which mould be taken heed to. But 
poffibly defertion may be in private, and prefence in public, and then 
the cafe is clear. A fit of applaufe may occafion by accident a rub- 
bing of a cold heart, and fo heat and life may come ; but it is not the 
proper caufe of that heat. Hence God, of His free grace, will 
ride His errands upon our ftinking corruption. But corruption is 
but a mere occafion and accident ; as the playing on a pipe re- 
moved anger from the prophet, and made him fitter to prophefy.J 

8thly, Ye complain of Chrift's fhort vifits, that He will not bear 
you company one night ; but when ye lie down warm at night, ve 
rife cold at morning. Anfwer ; I cannot blame you (nor any other 
that knoweth that fweet Gueft), to bemoan His withdrawings, and 
to be moft defirous of His abode and company ; for He would 
captivate and engage the affection of any creature that faw His face. 
Since He looked on me, and gave me a fight of His fair love, He 
gained my heart wholly, and got away with it. Well, well mav 
He brook § it ! He mail keep it long, ere I fetch it from Him. But 
I ifiall tell you what ye fhould do ; treat Him well, give Him the 
chair and the board-head, and make Him welcome to the mean 
portion ye have. A good fupper and kind entertainment maketh 
guefts love the inn the better. Yet fometimes Chrift hath an errand 

* Air-bubble, iham, illufion. t Are able to ^:et at it- % 2 Kings iii. 
§ Enjoy. Head of the table. 

1637.] LETTER CCXLIX. 157 

elfewhere, for mere trial ; # and then, though ye give Him king's 
cheer, He will away ; as is clear in defertions for mere trial and not 
for fin. 

othly, Ye feek the difference betwixt the motions of the Spirit, 
in their leaft meafure, and the natural joys of your own heart. 
Anfwer ; As a man can tell if he joy and delight in his wife, as 
his wife ; or if he delight and joy in her for fa tisf action of his luft, 
but hating her perfon, and fo loving her for her flefh, and not 
grieving when ill befalleth her : fo will a man's joy in God, and 
his whorifh natural joy, be difcovered. If he be forry for anything 
that may offend the Lord, it will fpeak the finglenefs of his love to 

1 othly, Ye afk the reafon why fenfe overcometh faith. Anfwer ; 
Becaufe fenfe is more natural, and near of kin to our felfifh and foft 
nature. Ye afk, If faith, in that cafe, be found ? Anfwer ; If it 
be chafed away, it is neither found nor unfound, becaufe it is not 
faith. But it might be and was faith, before fenfe did blow out the 
act of believing. 

Laftly, Ye afk what to do, when promifes are borne-inf upon 
you, and fenfe of impenitency for fins of youth hindereth application. 
I anfwer, if it be living fenfe, it may ftand with application ; and in 
this cafe, put to your hand, \ and eat your meat in God's name. If 
falfe, fo that the fins of youth are not repented of, then, as faith 
and impenitency cannot ftand together, fo neither that fenfe and ap- 
plication can confift. 

Brother, excufe my brevity ; for time ftraiteneth me, that I get 
not my mind faid in thefe things, but muft refer that to a new occa- 
fion, if God offer it. Brother, pray for me. Grace be with you. 
Yours, in his deareft Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

* Merely for the purpofe of trying the foul, Chrift haftens away elfewhere. 

f Forcibly impreffed, and fuddenly. 

X Stretch your hand out, and take the food. 

158 LETTER CCL. [1637. 

CCL. — To the Lady Largirie. [Let. 195.] 
DISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I hope 

ye know what conditions patted betwixt Chrift and 
you, at your firft meeting. Ye remember that He faid, 
your fummer days would have clouds, and your rofe a prickly thorn 
befide it. Chrift is unmixed in heaven, all fweetnefs and honey. 
Here we have Him with His thorny and rough crofs ; yet I know 
no tree that beareth fweeter fruit than ChriiVs crofs, except I would 
raife a lying report on it. It is your part to take Chriit, as He is to 
be had in this life. Sufferings are like a wood planted round about 
His houfe, over door and window. If we could hold faft our grips* 
of Him, the field were won. Yet a little while, and Chrift fhall 
triumph. Give Chrift His own fhort time to fpin out thefe two long 
threads of heaven and hell to all mankind, for certainly the thread 
will not break ; and when He hath accomplished His work in Mount 
Zion, and hath refined His filver, He will bring new velTels out of 
the furnace, and plenifhf His houfe, and take up His houfe % again. 
I counfel you to free yourfelf of clogging temptations, by over- 
coming fome, and contemning others, and watching over all. Abide 
true and loyal to Chrift, for few now are faft to Him. They give 
Chrift blank paper for a bond of fervice and attendance, now when 
Chrift hath moft ado. To wafte a little blood with Chrift, and to 
put our part of this drofly world in pawn over in His hand, as will- 
ing to quit it for Him, is the fafeft cabinet to keep the world in. 
But thofe who would take the world and all their flitting § on their 
back, and run away from Chrift, fhall fall by the way, and leave 
their burden behind them, and be taken captive themfelves. Well 
were my foul to have put all I have, life and foul, over into Chrift's 
hands. Let Him be forthcoming |j for all. 

* Firm hold. f Fill, furnifh. % Enter on houfekeeping. 

§ Moveable goods. || Ready to come forward and anfwer. 

1637.] LETTER CCLI. 150 

If any afk how I do ? I anfwer, None can be but well that 
are in Chrift : and if I were not fo, my fufFerings had melted me 
away in afhes and fmoke. I thank my Lord, that He hath fome- 
thing in me that His fire cannot confume. 

Remember my love to your hufband ; and mow him from me, 
that I defire he may fet afide all things, and make fure work of 
folvation, that it be not a-feeking when the fand-glafs is run out, 
and time and eternity mail tryft* together. There is no errand fo 
weighty as this. Oh that he would take to heart ! Grace be 
with you. 

Yours, in Chrift Jefus his Lord, 

S. R, 


CCLI. — To the Lady Dungueigh. 

[Lady DuNGEUCH, or Dungueich, was lifter to Marion M i Naught ; 
for her own name was Sarah M i Naught, and me is mentioned in the Regifters 
as " fecond heir to her father, John M i Naught of Kilquhannady" [or Kil- 
quhanatie (Let. 5)], " on 31ft March 1646, in the 3 merk lands of Dum- 
geuich, in Lanarkfhire." She married Samuel Lockhart, merchant burgefs in 

There is the poor ruin of an old Dundeuch caftle on the roadfide ? near 
Earlfton ; but that is not the fame place, though refembling it in found. But 
the Gordons of Dengeuch (a branch of the Lochinvar family) were no doubt 


ISTRESS, — I long to hear from you, and how you go 
on with Chrift. I am fure that Chrift and you once 
met. I pray you to faften your grips. f There is hold- 
ing and drawing, and much fea-way to heaven, and we are often 
fea-fick ; but the voyage is fo needful, that we muff on any terms 
take fhipping with Chrift. I believe it is a good country which we 

* Meet. f Grafp. 

i6o LETTER CCLL L^37- 

are going to, and there is ill lodging in this fmoky houfe of the 
world, in which we are yet living. Oh, that we fhould love fmoke 
fo well, and clay that holdeth our feet fail ! It were our happinefs 
to follow after Chrift, and to anchor ourfelves upon the Rock in 
the upper fide of the vail. Chrift and Satan are now drawing to 
parties. And they are blind who fee not Scotland divided into two 
camps, and Chrift coming out with His white banner of love ; and He 
hangeth that over the heads of His foldiers. And the other captain, 
the Dragon, is coming out with a great black flag, and crieth, " The 
world, the world ! eafe, honour, and a whole flan, and a foft couch." 
And there lie they, and leave Chrift to fend* for Himfelf ! 

My counfel is, that ye come out and leave the multitude, and 
let Chrift have your company. Let them take clay and this prefent 
world, who love it. Chrift is a more worthy and noble portion : 
bleffed are thofe who get Him. It is good, ere the ftorm rife, to 
make ready all, and to be prepared to go to the camp with Chrift, 
feeing He will not keep the houfe, nor fit at the firefide with 
couchers.f A fhower for Chrift is little enough. Oh, I find all 
too little for Him ! Wo, wo, wo is me, that I have no propinej 
for my Lord Jefus. My love is fo fecklefs, § that it is a fhame to 
offer it to Him. Oh, if it were as broad as heaven, as deep as the 
fea, I would gladly beftow it upon Him ! I perfuade you, that 
God is wringing grapes of red wine for Scotland •, and that this 
land fhall drink, and fpue and fall. His enemies fhall drink the 
thick of it, and the grounds % of it. But Scotland's withered tree 
fhall bloffom again ; and Chrift fhall make a fecond marriage with 
her, and take home His wife out of the furnace. But, if our eyes 
fhall fee it, He knoweth who hath created time. Grace be with you. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen*, 1637. 

* Shift for. 

t Cowards, according to Jamieson, in his Die!:. Is it not lazy ones, who 
love a " foft couch." 

% Gift. § Worthlefs. ■ The dregs. 

1637.] LETTER CCLII. 161 

CCLII. — To Jonet Macculloch. [See Let. 101.] 

S"|g||OYING SISTER,— Grace, mercy, and peace he to you. 
P%JS$J — Hold on your courfe, for, it may be, that I fhall not 
j»|£2s f° on ^ ee y ou - Venture through the thick of all things 
after Chrift, and lofe not your Mailer, Chrift, in the throng of this 
great market. Let Chrift know how heavy, and how many a 
ftone-weight you and your cares, burdens, crofles, and fins are. 
Let Him bear all. Make the heritage fure to yourfelf : get charters 
and writs pafled and through ; and put on arms for the battle, and 
keep you faft by Chrift. And then, let the wind blow out of what 
airth* it will, your foul mail not be blown into the fea. 

I find Chrift the moft fteadablef friend and companion in the 
world to me now. The need and ufefulnefs of Chrift are feen beft 
in trials. Oh, if He be not well worthy of His room ! Lodge 
Him in houfe and heart ; and ftir up your hufband to feek the 
Lord. I wonder that he hath never written to me : I do not for- 
get him. 

I taught you the whole counfel of God, and delivered it to you. 
It will be inquired for at your hands ; have it in readinefs againft 
the time that the Lord afk for it. Make you ready to meet the 
Lord ; and reft and deep in the love of that Faireft among the fons 
of men. Defire Chrift's beauty. Give out all your love to Him, 
and let none fall by. Learn in prayer to fpeak to Him. 

Help your mother's foul ; and defire her, from me, to feek the 
Lord and His falvation. It is not foon found : many mifs it. Grace 
be with you. 

Your loving paftor, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

* Quarter. t Ready to ftand in one's ftead, available. 

VOL. II. r 

62 LETTER CCLIIL [1637. 

CCLIII. — To his Reverend and very dear Brother, Mr George 



Y VERY DEAR BROTHER,— I received yours. I 
am ftill with the Lord. His crofs hath done that 
which I thought impoffible once. Chriit keepeth tryft* 
in the fire and water with His own, and cometh ere our breath go 
out, and ere our blood grow cold. 

BlefTed are they whofe feet efcape the great golden net that is 
now fpread. It is happinefs to take the crabbed, rough, and poor 
fide of Chrift's world, which is a leafe of crofTes and lofTes for Him. 
For Chrift's incomes and cafualtiesf that follow Him are many; and 
it is not a little one that a good confcience may be had in following 
Him. This is true gain, and muft be laboured for and loved. 

Many give Chrift for a fhadow ; becaufe Chriit was rather 
befide their confcience, in a dead and reprobate light, than in their 
confcience. Let us be ballafted with grace, that we be not blown 
over, and that we ftagger not. Yet a little while, and Chriit and 
His redeemed ones mail fill the field, and come out victorious. 
Chrift's glory of triumphing in Scotland is yet in the bud, and in 
the birth ; but the birth cannot prove an abortion. He mall not 
faint nor be difcouraged, till He hath brought forth judgment unto 
victory. Let us ftill mind our Covenant ; and the very God of 
peace be with you. 

Your brother in Chrift, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 9, 1637. 

* Keeps appointments. 

t Emoluments beyond the ftated yearly payments by the vafial to his 
fuperior ; fo Let. 240. 

1637.] LETTER CCL1V. 163 

CCLIV. — To his Reverend and dear Brother, Mr Robert Blair. 



ye give for not writing to me affect eth me much, and 
giveth me a dam, when fiich an one as ye conceive an 
opinion of me, or of anything in me. The truth is, when I come 
home to myfelf, oh, what penury do I find, and how fecklefs* is 
my fuppofed ftock, and how little have I ! He to whom I am as 
cryftal, and who feeth through me, and perceiveth the leafl mote 
that is in me, knoweth that I fpeak what I think and am convinced 
of: but men caft me through a grofs and wide fieve. My very 
dear brother, the room of the leaf! of all faints is too great for the 
like of me. But left this mould feem art to fetch home reputation, 
I fpeak no more of it. It is my worth to be Chrift's ranfomed 
finner and fick one. His relation to me is, that I am fick, and He 
is the Phyfician of whom I ftand in need. Alas ! how often play 
I faff and loofe with Chrift ! He bindeth, I loofe ; He buildeth, I 
caft down ; He trimmeth up a falvation for me, and I mar it ; I 
caft out withf Chrift, and He agreeth with me again, twenty times 
a-day ; I forfeit my kingdom and heritage, I lofe what I had ; but 
Chrift is at my back, and following on, to ftoop and take up what 
falleth from me. Were I in heaven, and had the crown on my 
head, if free-will were my tutor, I fhould lofe heaven. Seeing I lofe 
myfelf, what wonder I fhould let go, and lofe Jefus, my Lord? 
Oh, well to me for evermore, that I have cracked my credit with 
Chrift, and cannot by law at all borrow from Him, upon my feck- 
lefs and worthlefs bond and faith ! For my faith and reputation 
with Chrift is, that I am a creature that God will not put any truft 
into. I was, and am, bewildered with temptations, and wanted a 

* Worthlefs. f Quarrel with 

1 64 LETTER CCLIV. [1637. 

guide to heaven. Oh what have I to fay of that excellent, fur- 
paffing, and fupereminent thing, they call, The grace of God, the 
way of free redemption in Chrift ! And when poor, poor I, dead 
in law, was fold, fettered, and imprifoned in justice's clofet-ward, 
which is hell and damnation ; when I, a wretched one, lighted 
upon noble Jefus, eternally kind Jefus, tender-hearted Jefus (nay, 
when He lighted upon me firlt, and knew me), I found that He 
fcorned to take a price, or anything like hire, of angels, or feraphim, 
or any of His creatures. And, therefore, I would praife Him for 
this, that the whole army of the redeemed ones fit rent-free in 
heaven. Our holding is better than blench : * we are all freeholders. 
And feeing that our eternal feu-duty f is but thanks, oh woful me ! 
that I have but fpilledj thanks, lame, and broken, and mifcarried 
praifes, to give Him. And fo my filver§ is not good and current 
with Chrift, were it not that free merits have ftamped it, and wafhen 
it and me both ! And for my filence I fee fomewhat better through 
it now. If my high and lofty One, my princely and royal Matter, 
(ay, " Hold, hold thy peace, I lay bonds on thee, thou mud fpeak 
none," I would fain be content, and let my fire be fmothered under 
allies, without light or flame ! I cannot help it. I take laws from 
my Lord, but I give none. 

As for your journey to F., 1 ! ye do well to follow it. The camp 
is Chrilt's ordinary bed. A carried bed is kindly f to the Beloved, 
down in this lower houfe. It may be (and who knoweth but) our 
Lord hath fome centurions, whom ve are fent to. Seeing your 
angry mother denieth you lodging and houfe-room with her, Chrilt's 

* Not a farthing to pay ; not even a quitrent, or piece of white money. 

t Yearly rent for a fief. J Spoilt. 

§ Money ; ii filler" is the common term in Scotland for money in general. 

|| This probably means France, as Mr Blair at this time refolved to go to 
that country as chaplain in Colonel Hepburn's regiment. He embarked at 
Leith, but owing to the exceffive wickednefs of fome of the men, he abandoned 
the enterprife, and returned to Edinburgh. See Rozvs Continuation of Blair s 
Life, pp. 151-153- 

•" Natural ; of a piece with other things. 

1637.] LETTER CCLV. 165 

call to unknown faces muft be your fecond wind, feeing ye cannot 
have a firft.* Oh that our Lord would water again with a new 
vifit this piece-withered and dry hill of our widow, Mount Zion. 

My dear brother, I fhall think it comfort, if ye fpeak my name 
to our Well-beloved. Wherever ye are, I am mindful of you. Oh 
that the Lord would yet make the light of the moon in Scotland as 
the light of the fun, and the light of the fun feven-fold brighter. 
For myfelf, as yet I have received no anfwer whither to go. I wait 
on. Oh that Jefus had my love ! Let matters frame as they lift, I 
have fome more to do with Chrift ; yet I would fain we were nearer. 

Now the great Shepherd of the fheep, the very God of peace, 
eftablifh and confirm you till the day of His coming. 

Yours, in his lovely and fweet Lord Jefus, 
Aberdeen, Sept 9, 1637. S. R. 

CCLV. — To the Lady Carleton. [Let. 15.] 


ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — My 
foul longeth once again to be amongft you, and to 
behold that beauty of the Lord, that I would fee in 
His houfe ; but I know not if He, in whofe hands are all our ways, 
feeth it expedient for His glory. I owe my Lord, I know, fub- 
miffion of the fpirit, fuppofe He would turn me into a ftone, or 
pillar of fait. Oh that I were he in whom my Lord could be 
glorified ! fuppofe my little heaven were forfeited, to buy glory to 

* In his " Chrijl Dying and Drawing," p. 534 (1727), he ufes the fame 
figurative language: " Compelled to arrive with a fecond wind, as a crofTed 
feaman— who mould have had the weft wind, but finds the eaft wind is 
blowing, and fo muft juft make the beft of this fecond wind." You cannot 
get the favour of your mother, the Church, which would have been a firft 
wind to you, according to your defire ; therefore, fail with this other wind, 
to wit, this call in Providence to vifit foreign lands. 

1 66 LETTER CCLV. [1637. 

Him before men and angels j fuppofe my want of His prefence, 
and feparation from Chrift , were a pillar as high as ten heavens for 
Chrift's glory to ftand upon, above all the world. What am I to 
Him ? How little am I (though my feathers flood out as broad as 
the morning light) to fuch a high, to fuch a lofty, to fuch a never- 
enough-admired and glorious Lord ! My trials are heavy, becaufe 
of my fad Sabbaths ; but I know that they are lefs than my high 
provocations. I feek no more than that Chrift may be the gainer, 
and I the lofer ; that He may be raifed and heightened, and I cried 
down, and my worth made duft before His glory. Oh that Scot- 
land, all with one fhout, would cry up Chrift, and that His name 
were high in the land ! I find the very utmoft borders of Chrift's 
high excellency and deep fweetnefs, heaven and earth's wonder. 
Oh, what is He ? If I could but win in * to fee His inner fide ! 
Oh, I am run dry of loving, and wondering, and adoring of that 
greateft and moft admirable One ! Wo, wo is me, I have not half 
love for Him ! Alas, what can my drop do to His great fea ! 
What gain is it to Chrift, that I have caften my little fparkle into 
His great fire ! What can I give to Him ? Oh that I had love to 
fill a thoufand worlds, that I might empty my foul of it all upon 
Chrift ! I think I have juft reafon to quit my part of any hope or 
love that I have to this fcum (and the refufe of the drofs of God's 
workman (hip), this vain earth. I owe to this ftormy world (whofe 
kindnefs and heart to me have been made of iron, or a piece of wild 
fea-ifland that never a creature of God lodged in) not a look : I 
owe it no love, no hope ; and, therefore, oh, if my love were dead 
to it, and my foul dead to it ! What am I obliged to this houfe of 
my pilgrimage ? A ftraw for all that God hath made, to my foul's 
liking, except God, and that lovely One, Jefus Chrift ! Seeing I 
am not this world's debtor, I defire that I may be ftripped of all 
confidence in anything but my Lord, that He may be for me, and 
I for my only, only, only Lord ! that He may be the morning and 
evening tide, the top and the root of my joys, and the heart and 

Get in, in fpite of difficulty 

1637.] LETTER CCLFL 167 

flower and yolk of all my foul's delights ! Oh, let me never lodge any 
creature in my heart and confidence ! Let the houfe be for Him. 
I rejoice, that fad days cut off a piece of the leafe of my fhort life 5 
and that my fhadow, even while I fuffer, weareth long, and my 
evening haiteneth on. I have caufe to love home with all my heart, 
and to take the opportunity of the day to haften to the end of my 
journey, before the night come on, wherein a man cannot lee to 
walk or work ; that once,* after my falls, I may at night fall in, 
weary and tired as I am, into Chrilt's bofom, and betwixt His 
breads. Our prifon cannot be our beft country. This world 
looketh not like heaven and the happinefs that our tired fouls would 
be at ; and, therefore, it were good to feek about for the wind, and 
hoift up our fails towards our New Jerufalem, for that is our 
Chrift. Remember a prifoner to Chrift. Grace, grace be with you. 
Yours, in his only Lord and Matter, 
Aberdeen, 1637. S. R. , 


CCLVI. — To William Rigge of Athernie. 



letter, full of complaints, bemoaning your guiltinefs, 
hath humbled me. But give me leave to fay that ye 
feem to be too far upon the law's fide. Ye will not gain much to 
be the law's advocate. I thought ye had not been the law's but 
grace's man ; neverthelefs, I am fure that ye defire to take God's 
part againft yourfelf. Whatever your guiltinefs be, yet, when it 
falleth into the fea of God's mercy, it is but like a drop of blood 
fallen into the great ocean. There is nothing here to be done, but 
to let Chrilt's doom light on " the old man," and let him bear his 
condemnation, feeing in Chrift he was condemned ; for the law hath 

One time or other. 

[68 LETTER CCLVI. [1637. 

but power over your worft half. Let the blame, therefore, lie 
where the blame mould be ; and let the new man be fure to lay, 
"lam comely as the tents of Kedar, howbeit I be black and fun- 
burnt, by fitting neighbour befide a body of fin." I feek no more here 
than room for grace's defence, and Chrift's white throne, whereto 
a finner, condemned by the law, may appeal. But the ufe that I 
make of it is, I am lorry that I am not fo tender and thin-fkinned ;* 
though I am fure that Chrift. may find employment for His calling 
in me, if in any living, feeing, from my youth upward, I have been 
making up the blackeft procefs that any minifter in the world, or 
any other, can anfwer to. And, when I had done this, I painted 
a providence of my own, and wrote eafe for myfelf, and a peaceable 
miniftry, and the fun mining on me, till I mould be in at heaven's 
gates ; fuch green and raw thoughts had I of God ! I thought 
alfo of a deeping devil, that would pafs by the like of me, lying in 
jnuirs and outfields ;f fo I bigged the gowk's neft,f and dreamed of 
dying at eafe, and living in a fool's paradife. But fince I came hither, 
I am often fo as they would have much rhetoric that could perfuade 
me, that Chrift hath not written wrath on my dumb and filent Sab- 
baths j which is a perfecution of the lateft edition, being ufed againft 
none in this land, that I can learn of, befides me. And often I lie 
under a non-entry, § and would gladly fell all my joys to be con- 
firmed free tenant of the King Jefus, and to have fealed afTurances : 
but I fee often blank papers. And my greateft defires are thefe two : 
— I. That Chrift would take me in hand to cure me, and undertake 
for a fick man. I know that I mould not die under His hand. And 
yet in this, while I (till doubt, I believe through a cloud that forrow 
(which hath no eyes) hath but put a vail on Chrift's love. 2. It pleafeth 
Him often, fince I came hither, to come with fome fhort blinks 1 
of His fweet love. And then, because I have none to help me to 
praife His love, and can do Him no fervice in my own perfon (as 

* The ufe I make of your letter is, it humbles me that I am not fo tender 
as you, and " thin-Jkinned^ £*., eafily made to feel. 

f Wafte places, covered with heath. % Built the cuckoo's neft. 

§ The ftate of one who has not yet got inveftiture in the property. |j Glimpfes. 

1637.] LETTER CCLV1L 169 

I once thought I did in His temple), I die with wifhes and defires 
to take up houfe and dwell at the well-fide, and to have Him praifed 
and fet on high. But, alas ! what can the like of me do, to get a 
good name raifed upon my well-beloved Lord Jefus, fuppofe I could 
defire to be fufpended for ever of my part of heaven, for His glory ? 
I am fure, if I could get my will of Chrift's love, and could once be 
over head and ears in the believed, apprehended, and feen love of 
the Son of God, it were the fulfilling of the defires of the only 
happinefs I would be at. But the truth is, I hinder my communion 
with Him, becaufe of the want of both faith and repentance, and 
becaufe I will make an idol of Chrift's kiffes. I will neither lead 
nor drive, except I fee Chrift's love run in my channel ; and when 
I wait and look for Him the upper way, I fee His wifdom is pleafed 
to play .me a flip, and come the lower way. So that I have not the 
right art of guiding* Chrift ; for there is art and wifdom required in 
guiding of Chrift's love aright when we have gotten it. Oh, how 
far are His ways above mine ? Oh, how little of Him do I fee ! 
And when I am as dry as a burnt heath in a drouthyf fummer, 
and when my root is withered, howbeit I think then that I would 
drink a fea-full of Chrift's love, ere ever I would let the cup go 
from my head, yet I get nothing but delays, as if He would make 
hunger my daily food. I think myfelf alfo hungered of hunger. 
The rich Lord Jefus fatisfy a famifhed man. Grace be with you. 
Your own, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 
Aberdeen, Sept. 10, 1637. S. R. 

CCLVIL— To the Lady Craighall. [Let. 86.] 


mercy, and peace be to you. — I cannot but write to 
your Ladyfhip, of the fweet and glorious terms I am in 

Managing ; making ufe of. f Droughty, very dry. 

170 LETTER CCLV1I. [1637. 

with the mofl joyful King that ever was, under this well-thriving 
and profperous crofs. It is my Lord's falvation, wrought by His 
own right hand, that the water doth not fuffocate the breath of 
hope, and joyful courage, in the Lord Jefus ; for His own perfon is 
flill in the camp with His poor foldier. I fee that the crofs is tied, 
with Chrifl's hand, to the end of an honefl profeffion. We are but 
fools to endeavour to loofe Chrifl's knot. When I confider the 
comforts of God, I durfl not confent to fell or wadfet* my fhort 
liferent of the crofs of the Lord Jefus. I know that Chrifl bought 
with His own blood a right to fanctiiied and blefTed croffes, in fo 
far as they blow me over the water to my long-defired home : and 
it were not good that Chrifl mould be the buyer and I the feller. 
I know that time and death mail take fufferings fairly off my hand. 
I hope we (hall have an honed parting at night, when this cold and 
frofly afternoon-tide of my evil and rough day mail be over. Well 
is my foul of either fweet or four, that Chrifl hath any part or por- 
tion in : if He be at the one end of it, it fhall be well with me. I 
fhall die ere I libel faults againfl Chrifl's crofs. It fhall have my 
teflimonial \ under my hand, as an honefl and faving mean of Chrifl 
for mortification and faith's growth. I have a flronger afTurance, 
fince I came over the Forth,J of the excellency of Jefus, than I had 
before. I am rather about Him than in Him, while I am abfent 
from Him in this houfe of clay. But I would be in heaven, for no 
other caule than to effay and try what boundlefs joy it mufl be to 
be over head and ears in my well-beloved Chrifl's love. Oh that 
fair One hath my heart for evermore ! But alas, it is over-little § for 
Him ! Oh, if it were better and more worthy for His fake ! Oh, if I 
might meet with Him, face to face, on this fide of eternity, and might 
have leave to plead with Him, that I am fo hungered and famifhed 
here with the niggardly portion of His love that He giveth me ! 
Oh that I might be carver and fleward myfelf, at mine own will, 
of Chrifl's love (if I may lawfully wifh this !) ; then would I enlarge 

* Mortgage, alienate. t Certificate in favour of. 

% He was banifhed to the north of the Firth of Forth. § Too little. 

1637.] LETTER CCLVUL 171 

my veflel (alas ! a narrow and ebb* foul), and take in a fea of His 
love. My hunger for it is hungry and lean, in believing that ever I 
fhall be fatisfied with that love : fo fain would I have what I know 
I cannot hold. O Lord Jefus, delighted: Thou, delightefl Thou, 
to pine and torment poor fouls with the want of Thy incomparable 
love ? Oh, if I durft call Thy difpenfation cruel ! I know that 
Thou Thyfelf art mercy, without either brim or bottom ; I know 
that Thou art a God bank-full f of mercy and love ; but, oh, alas ! 
little of it cometh my way. I die to look afar off to that love, 
becaufe I can get but little of it. But hope faith, " This Providence 
fhall ere long look more favourably upon poor bodies," and on me 
alio. Grace be with your Ladyfhip's fpirit. 

Your Ladyfhip's, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 10, 1637. 

CCLVIII. — To the Right Honourable my Lord Loudon. 

IGHT HONOUR ABLE,— Grace, mercy, and peace be 
to your Lordfhip. — I rejoice exceedingly to hear that 
your Lordfhip hath a good mind to Chrift, and His 
now borne-down truth. My very dear Lord, go on, in the ftrength 
of the Lord, to carry your honours and worldly glory to the New 
Jerufalem. For this caufe your Lordfhip received thefe of the 
Lord. This is a fure way for the eftablifhment of your houfe, if 
ye be of thofe who are willing, in your place, to build Zion's old 
wafte places in Scotland. Your Lordfhip wanteth not God's and 
man's law both, now to come to the ftreets for Chrift. : and fuppofe 
the baftard laws of man were againfl you, it is an honeft and zeal- 
ous error, if here you flip againft a point or punctilio of ftanding 

* Shallow, as the tide at ebb. f Full to the top of the bank. 

172 LETTER CCLVIIL [1637. 

policy. When your foot flippeth in fuch known ground, as is the 
royal prerogative of our high and moil: truly dread Sovereign (who 
hath many crowns on His head), and the liberties of His houfe, He 
will hold you up. Blefled mail they be who take Babel's little 
ones, and dafh their heads againft the ftones. I wifh your Lord- 
fhip may have a mare of that blefTing, with other worthy nobles in 
our land. 

It is true that it is now accounted wifdom for men to be partners 
in pulling up the ftakes, and loofing the cords, of the tent of Chrift. 
But I am perfuaded, that that wifdom is cried down in heaven, and 
mail never pafs for true wifdom with the Lord, whofe word crieth 
fhame upon wit againft Chrift and truth j and, accordingly, it mail 
prove fhame and confufion of face in the end. Our Lord hath given 
your Lordfhip light of a better ftamp,' and learning alfo, wherein ye 
are not behind the difputer and the fcribe. Oh what a blefTed thing is 
it, to fee nobility, learning, and fanclification, all concur in one ! For 
thefe ye owe yourfelf to Chrift and His kingdom. God hath be- 
wildered and bemifted* the wit and the learning of the fcribes and 
difputers of this time •, they look afquint to the Bible. This blinding 
and bemifting world blindfoldeth men's light, that they are afraid 
to fee ft raight out before them ; nay, their very light playeth the 
knave, or worfe, to truth. Your Lordfhip knoweth that, within a 
little while, policy againft truth fhall blufh, and the works of men 
fhall be burned up, even their fpider's-web, who fpin out many 
hundred ells and webs of indifference in the Lord's worfhip ; more 
than ever Mofes, who would havef a hoof material, and Daniel, 
who would have a look out at a window a matter of life and death, 
than ever, I fay, thefe men of God dreamed of. Alas ! that men 
dare to fhape, carve, cut, and clip our King's princely teftament in 
length and breadth, and in all dimenfions, anfwerable to the con- 
ception of fuch policy, as a head-of-witj thinketh a fafe and trim 
way of ferving God ! How have men forgotten the Lord, that 
they dare to go againft even that truth which once they preached 

* Enveloped in mill. f Would reckon. \ Wifeacre. 

1 63 7.] LETTER CCLV1IL 173 

themfelves, howbeit their iermons now be as thin fown as ftraw- 
berries in a wood or wildernefs ! Certainly the fweeteft and fafeft 
courfe is, for this fhort time of the afternoon of this old and declin- 
ing world, to ftand for Jefus. He hath faid it, and it is our part to 
believe it, that ere it be long, " Time mall be no more, and the 
heaven mall wax old, as a garment." Do we not fee it already an 
old holie* and thread-bare garment. Doth not cripple f and lame 
nature tell us, that the Lord will fold up the old garment, and lay 
it afide ; and that the heavens mail be folded together as a fcroll, 
and this peft-houfe fhall be burnt with fire, and that both plenifhing \ 
and walls fhall melt with fervent heat ? For at the Lord's coming, 
He will do with this earth, as men do with a leper-houfe •, He will 
burn the walls with fire, and the plenifhing of the houfe alfo.§ My 
very dear Lord, how will ye rejoice in that day, to have Chriit, 
angels, heaven, and your own confcience to fmile upon you ? I am 
perfuaded that one fick night, through the terrors of the Almighty, 
would make men, whofe confcience hath fuch a wide throat that an 
image like a cathedral church, would go down it, have other thoughts 
of Chriit and His worfhip, than now they pleafe themfelves with. 
The fcarcity of faith in the earth faith, " We are hard upon the 
laft nick || of time : " blefTed are thofe who keep their garments 
clean againft the Bridegroom's coming. There fhall be fpotted 
clothes, and many defiled garments, at His lafl coming ; and, 
therefore, few found worthy to walk with Him in white. 

I am perfuaded, my Lord, that this poor travailing Woman, our 
pained Church, is with child of victory, and fhall bring forth a Man- 
child all lovely and glorious, that fhall be caught up to God and to 
His throne, howbeit the dragon, in his followers, be attending the 
childbirth pain, as an Egyptian midwife, to receive the birth and 
ftrangle it. But they fhall be difappointed who thirft for the destruc- 
tion of Zion. " They fhall be as when a hungry man dreameth 
that he eateth, but, behold, he awaketh, and his foul is empty ; or 

* Full of holes. f Halting. % Pknijhing is furniture. 

§ 2 Pet. iii. 10, 12. || Moment. 

174 LETTER CCLVIIL [1637. 

when a thirfty man dreameth that he drinketh, but, behold, he 
awaketh, and is faint, and his foul is not fatisfied : fo mall it be," I 
fay, " with the multitude of all the nations that fight againft Mount 
Zion."* Therefore, the weak and feeble, thofe that are " as figns 
and wonders in Ifrael," have chofen the beft fide, even the fide that 
victory is upon. And I think this is no evil policy. 

Verily, for myfelf, I am fo well pleafed with Chrift, and His 
noble and honefl-borne crofs, this crofs that is come of Chrift's houfe 
and is of kin to Himfelf, that I mould weep if it mould come to 
nifferingf and bartering of lots and condition with thofe that are 
" at eafe in Zion." I hold ftill my choice, and blefs myfelf in it. I 
fee and I believe that there is falvation in this way, which is every- 
where fpoken againft. I hope to go to eternity, and to venture on 
the laft evil to the faints (even upon death), fully perfuaded that this 
only, even this, is the faving way for racked confciences, and for 
weary and laden finners to find eafe and peace for evermore in. 
And, indeed, it is not for any worldly refpect that I fpeak fo of it. 
The weather is not fo hot that I have great caufe to ftartlej in my 
prifon, or to boaft of that entertainment that my good friends, the 
prelates, intend for me (which is, banifhment), if they fhall obtain 
their defire, and effectuate what they defign. But let it come ; I 
rue not that I made Chrift my wale § and my choice ; I think Him 
aye the longer the better. 

My Lord, it fhall be good fervice to God, to hold your noble 
friend and chief || upon a good courfe for the truth of Chrift. Now 
the very God of peace eftablifh your Lordfhip in Chrift Jefus unto 
the end. 

Your Lordfhip's, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Sept. 10, 1637. 

* I fa. xxix. 8. t Exchanging. 

X Run about excitedly, as cattle do in hot weather. § Selection. 

|| The Earl of Argyle. 

637.] LETTER CCLIX. 175 

CCLIX. — To Mr David Dickson. 

THE LORD,— I blefs the Lord, who hath fo wonder- 
fully flopped the ongoing of that lawlefs procefs againft 
you.* The Lord reigneth, and has a faving eye upon you and your 
miniftry ; and, therefore, fear not what men can do. I blefs the 
Lord, that the Irifh minifters find employment, and the profeflbrs 
comfort of their miniftry. Believe me, I durft not, as I am now 
difpofed, hold an honeft brother out of the pulpit. I truft that the 
Lord will guard you, and hide you in the fhadow of His hand. I 
am not pleafed with any that are againft you in that. 

I fee this, that, in profperity, men's confcience will not ftart at 
fmall fins ; but if fome had been where I have been fince I came 
from you, a little more would have caufed their eyes to water, and 
trouble their peace. Oh how ready are we to incline to the world's 
hand ! Our arguments, being well examined, are often drawn from 
our fkin ; the whole fkin, and a peaceable tabernacle, is a topic- 
maximf in great requeft, in our logic. 

I find a little brairding:); of God's feed in this town, for the 
which the doctors have told me their mind, that they cannot bear 
with it, and have examined and threatened the people that haunt my 
company. I fear I get not leave to winter here ; and whither I go 
I know not ; I am ready at the Lord's call. I would I could make 
acquaintance with Chrift's crofs, for I find comforts lie to, and fol- 
low upon, the crofs. I fufTer in my name, by them ; but I take it 
as a part of the crucifying of the old man. Let them cut the throat 

* This is probably an allufion to a threat of the Archbifhop of Glafgow, 
to profecute Dickfon for employing Blair, Livingftone, and Cunningham, after 
they had been filenced and ejected by the Irifh prelates. 

t A maxim for general ufe. J Sprouting above ground. 

iy6 LETTER CCLX. [1637. 

of my credit, and do as they like beft with it. When the wind of 
their calumnies hath blown away my good name from me, in the 
way to heaven, I know that Chrift will take my name out of the 
mire, and wafh it, and reftore it to me again. I would have a mind 
(if the Lord would be pleafed to give me it) to be a fool for Chrift's 
fake. Sometimes, while I have Chrift in my arms, I fall afleep in 
the fweetnefs of His prefence, and He, in my fleep, ftealeth away 
out of my arms ; and when I awake, I mifs Him. 

I am much comforted with my Lady Pitfligo, a good woman, 
and acquainted with God's ways. 
Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

8. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 11, 1637. 

CCLX.- — To Alexander Gordon of Earljlon. 


UCH HONOURED SIR,— Howbeit I mould have 
been glad to have feen you ; yet, feeing that our Lord 
hath been pleafed to break the fnare of our adverfaries, 
I heartily blefs our Lord on your behalf. Our croftes for Chrift 
are not made of iron ; they are fofter and of more gentle metal. It 
is eafy for God to make a fool of the devil, the father of all fools. 
As for me, I but breathe out what my Lord breatheth in. The fcum 
and froth of my letters I father upon my own unbelieving heart. I 
know that your Lord hath fomething to do with you, becaufe Satan 
and malice have mot fore at you ; but your bow abideth in its 
ftrength. Ye mail not, by my advice, be a halver with Chrift, to 
divide the glory of your deliverance betwixt yourfelf and Him, or 
any other fecond mean whatfoever. Let Chrift (as it fetteth* Him 

* Becomes. 

1637.] LETTER CCLX. 177 

well) have all the glory and triumph His lone.* The Lord fet 
Himfelf on high in you. 

1. I fee that Chrift. can borrow f a crofs for fome hours, and fet 
His fervants befide it, rather than under it, and win the plea too ; 
yea, and make glory to Himfelf, and fhame to His enemies, and 
comfort to His children out of it. But whether Chrift buy or bor- 
row croffes, He is King of croffes, and King of devils, and King 
over hell, and King over malice. When He was in the grave, He 
came out, and brought the keys with Him. He is Lord Jailor ; 
nay, what fay I ? He is Captain of the caftle, and He hath the keys 
of death and hell. And what are our troubles but little deaths ? 
and He who commandeth the great caftle commandeth the little alfo. 

2. I fee that a hardened face, and two fkins upon our brows 
againft the winter hail and ftormy wind, is meeteft for a poor tra- 
veller, in a winter journey to heaven. Oh, what art is it to learn to 
endure hardnefs, and to learn to go barefooted either through the 
devil's fiery coals, or his frozen waters ! 

3. I am perfuaded that a fea-venture with Chrift. maketh great 
riches : is not the fhip of our King Jefus coming home, and fhall 
not we get part of the gold ? Alas ! we fools mifcount our gain 
when we feem lofers. Believe me, I have no challenges J againft. 
this well-borne crofs : for it is come of Chrift.' s houfe, and is honour- 
able, and is his propine.§ " To you it is given to fuffer." — Oh, what 
fools are we, to undervalue His gifts, and to lightly || that which is true 
honour ! For if we could be faithful, our tackling fhall not loofe, or 
our maft break, or our fails blow into the fea. The baftard croffes, 
the kinlefs f and bafe-born croffes of worldings for evil-doing, muft 
be heavy and grievous ; but our afflictions are light and momentary. 

* Himfelf alone; unfupported. 

f In Rutherford's own cafe, the crofs was " bought," as it were ; made His 
fpan a life time. In Earlfton's cafe, Chrift only " borrowed it" for a fhort 
time, in order to mow how He could, if He pleafed, triumph by that very 

% Upbraidings. § Gift held out. 

|| Treat lightly, (light. f That have no kindred. 


178 LETTER CCLX. [1637. 

4. I think myfelf happy that I have loft credit with Chrift, and 
that in this bargain I am ChriiVs fworn dyvour,* to whom He will 
lippenf nothing, no, not one pin in the work of my falvation. Let 
me ftand in black and white in the dyvour-book,:j: before Chrift. 
I am happy that my falvation is concredited § to Chrift's mediation. 
Chrift oweth no faith to me, to lippen anything to me ; but oh 
what faith and credit I owe to Him ! Let my name fall, and let 
Chrift's name ftand in honour with men and angels. Alas ! I have 
no room to fpread out my affection before God's people ; and I fee 
not how I can ftiout out and cry out the lovelinefs, the high honour, 
and the glory of my faireft Lord Jefus. Oh that He would let me 
have a bed to lie on, to be delivered of my birth, that I might paint 
Him out in His beauty to men, as I dow. | 

5. I wondered once at providence, and called white providence 
black and unjuft, that I fhould be fmothered in a town where no 
foul will take Chrift off my hand. But providence hath another 
luftref with God than with my bleared eyes. I proclaim myfelf a 
blind body, who knoweth not black and white, in the unco** courfe 
of God's providence. Suppofe that Chrift fhould fet hell where 
heaven is, and devils up in glory befide the elect angels (which yet 
cannot be), I would I had a heart to acquiefce in His way, without 
further difpute. I fee that infinite wifdom is the mother of His 
judgments, and that His ways pass finding out. 

6. I cannot learn, but I defire to learn, to bring my thoughts, 
will, and lufts, in-underff Chrift's feet, that He may trample upon 
them. But, alas ! I am ftill upon Chrift's wrong fide. 

Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 12, 1637. 

* Admitted bankrupt. f Truft. % Bankrupt-roll. 

§ Entrufted. || So far as I am able. * Shining ; appearance. 

** Strange. ft Clofe under. 

I637-] LETTER CCLXL 179 

CCLXI. — To the Lady Kilconquhair. [See Let. 226.] 


jISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I re- 
ceived your letter. I am heartily content, that ye love 
and own this opprefled and wronged caufe of Chrifl: ; 
and that now, when fo many have mifcarried, ye are in any meafure 
taken with the love of Jefus. Weary not, but come in and fee if 
there be not more in Chrifl: than the tongue of men and angels can 
exprefs. If ye feek a gate* to heaven, the way is in Him, or He 
is it. What ye want is treafured up in Jefus ; and He faith, all His 
are yours. Even His kingdom, He is content to divide it betwixt 
Him and you : yea, His throne and His glory.f And, therefore, take 
pains to climb up to that befieged houfe to Chrifl: ; for devils, men, 
and armies of temptations are lying about the houfe, to hold out all 
that are out, and it is taken with violence. It is not a fmooth and 
eafy way, neither will your weather be fair and pleafant ; but who- 
foever hath feen the invifible God and the fair city, make no reckon- 
ing of lofTes or crofTes. In ye mufl be, coft you what it will. 
Stand not for a price, and for all that ye have, to win the caflle. 
The rights to it are won to you, and it is difponedj to you in the 
teftament of your Lord Jefus) and fee what a fair legacy your 
dying Friend, Chrifl:, hath left you !), and there wanteth nothing 
but poffeffion. Then get up in the flrength of the Lord ; get over 
the water to pofTefs that good land. It is better than a land of 
olives and wine-trees ; for the Tree of Life, that beareth twelve 
manner of fruits every month, is there before you ; and a pure 
river of life, clear as cryftal, proceeding out of the throne of God 
and of the Lamb, is there. Your time is fhort ; therefore lofe no 
time. Gracious and faithful is He who hath called you to His 
kingdom and glory. The city is yours by free conqueft, § and by 

* Way, entrance. f Luke xxii. 29, 30; John xvii. 21 ; Rev. iii. 21. 

% Bequeathed. § Acquifition. 

180 LETTER CCLXIL [1637. 

promife ; and, therefore, let no unco # lord-idol put you from your 
own. The devil hath cheated the flmple heir of his paradife, and, 
by enticing us to tafle of the forbidden fruit, hath, as it were, 
bought us out of our kindly f heritage. But our Lord Chrifl: Jefus 
hath done more than bought the devil by ; \ for He hath redeemed 
the wadfet,§ and made the poor heir free to the inheritance. If 
we knew the glory of our Elder Brother in heaven, we would long 
to be there to fee Him, and to get our fill of heaven. We children 
think the earth a fair garden ; but it is but God's outfield, || and 
wild, cold, barren ground. All things are fading that are here. 
It is our happinefs to make fure of Chrifl: to ourfelves. 

Thus remembering my love to your hufband, and wifhing to 
him what I write to you, I commit you to God's tender mercy. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Sept 13, 1637. 

CCLXIL— To Robert Lennox of Difdove. [See Let. 213.] 


not in my bonds. I know that you are looking to 
Chrifl: ; and I befeech you to follow your look. I can 
fay more of Chrifl: now by experience (though He be infinitely 
above and beyond all that can be faid of Him), than when I faw 
you. I am drowned over head and ears in His love. Sell, fell, 
fell all things for Chrifl:. If this whole world were the balk f of a 
balance, it would not be able to bear the weight of ChrhTs love ; 
men and angels have fhort arms to fathom it. Set your feet upon 

* Strange. f Heritage which our kin, or family, gives us right to. 
t Out. § Mortgage. || Wafte land. f Beam. 

1637.] LETTER CCLXIL 181 

this piece of blue* and bafe clay of an over-gilded and fair plaflered 
world. An hour's killing of Chrift's is worth a world of worlds. 

Sir, make fure work of your falvation : build not upon fand ; 
lay the foundation upon the rock of Zion. Strive to be dead to 
this world, and to your will and lufls ; let Chrifl have a command- 
ing power and a king's throne in you. Walk with Chrifl, howbeit 
the world mould take the hidef off your face : I promife you that 
Chrifl will win the field. Your paflors caufe you to err. Except 
you fee ChrifVs word, go not one foot with them. Countenance 
not the reading of that Romifh fervice-book. Keep your garments 
clean, as ye would walk with the Lamb clothed in white. The 
wrongs which I fuffer are upon record in heaven. Our great 
Mafler and Judge will be upon us all, and bring us before the fun 
in our blacks and whites : blefled are they who watch and keep 
themfelves in God's love. Learn to difcern the Bridegroom's 
tongue, and to give yourfelf to prayer and reading. Ye were often 
a hearer of me. I would put my heart's blood on the doctrine 
which I taught, as the only way to falvation : go not from it, my 
dear brother. What I write to you, I write to your wife alfo. 
Mind heaven and Chrift, and keep the fpunkf of the love of Chrifl 
which you have gotten. Chrifl will blow on it if ye entertain it ; 
and your end fhall be peace. There is a fire in our Zion, but our 
Lord is but feeking a new bride, refined and purified, out of the 
furnace. I allure you, howbeit we be nicknamed Puritans, that all 
the powers of the world fhall not prevail againfl us. Remember, 
though a finful man write it to you, that thofe people fhall be in 
Scotland as a green olive-tree, and a field blefTed of the Lord •, and 
that it fhall be proclaimed, " Up, up with Chrifl, and down, 
down with all contrary powers." 

Sir, pray for me (I name you to the Lord), for further evil is 
determined againfl me. 

* In the fame fenfe as in the phrafe, " To look blue ;" intimating diflatis- 

t The fldn. % Spark. 

182 LETTER CCLXIIL [1637. 

Remember my love to ChrifUan Murray and her daughter. I 
defire her, in the edge of her evening, to wait a little ; the King is 
coming, and He hath fomething that fhe never faw with Him. 
Heaven is no dream. " Come and fee" will teach her beft. Grace, 
grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 
Aberdeen, Sept. 13, 1637. S. R. 

CCLXIIL— To Marion M'Naught. 


honour, that Chrift hath begun at you to refine you 
firft. " Fear not," faith the Amen, the True and 
Faithful Witnefs. I write to you, as my Mafter liveth, upon the 
word of my royal King, continue in prayer and in watching, and 
your glorious deliverance is coming ! Chrifl is not far off. A fig, 
a flraw, for all the bits of clay that are rifen againft. us ! Ye (hall 
threfh the mountains, and fan them like chaff.* If ye flack your 
hands at your meetings, and your watching to prayer, then it would 
feem that our Rock hath fold us ; but be diligent, and be not dis- 
couraged. I charge you in Chrift, to rejoice, give thanks, believe, 
be ftrong in the Lord. That burning bufh in Galloway and Kirk- 
cudbright fhall not be burnt to afhes, for the Lord is in the bufh. 
Be not difcouraged that banifhment is to be procured, by the King's 
warrant to the Council, againft me : the earth is my Lord's. I am 
filled with His fweet love, and running over. I rejoice to hear that 
ye are on your journey. Such news as I hear, of all your faith and 
love, rejoice my fad heart. 

Pray for me, for they feek my hurt ; but I give myfelf to prayer. 
The blefling of my Lord, and the bleffing of a prifoner of Chrift 
be with you. O chofen and greatly beloved woman, faint not. 
Fy, fy ; if ye faint now, ye lofe a good caufe. Double your meet- 

* [fa. xli. 15, 16. 

1637.] LETTER CCLX1V. 183 

ings ; ceafe not for Zion's fake, and hold not your peace till He 
make Jerufalem a praife in the earth. 

Yours, in Chrift Jefus his Lord, 
Aberdeen, 1637. S. R. 

CCLXIV. — To Thomas Corbet. [One of his Aniuoth pariJhiotiers7\ 

EAR FRIEND, — I forget you not. It will be my joy 
that ye follow after Chrift till ye find Him. My con- 
ference is a feaft of joy to me, that I fought in finglenefs 
of heart, for ChrifVs love, to put you upon the King's highway to 
our Bridegroom, and our Father's houfe. Thrice blefTed are ye, 
my dear brother, if ye hold the way. 

1 believe that ye and Chrift once met ; I hope ye will not funder* 
with Him. Follow the counfel of the man of God, Mr William 
Dalgleifh. If ye depart from what I taught you in a hair-breadth, 
for fear or favour of men, or defire of eafe in this world, I take 
heaven and earth to witnefs that ill mail come upon you in the end. 
Build not your neft here. This world is a hard, ill-made bed 5 no 
reft is in it for your foul. Awake, awake, and make hafte to feek 
that Pearl, Chrift, that this world feeth not. Your night and your 
Matter Chrifl will be upon you within a clap ;f your hand-breadth 
of time will not bide you. Take Chrift, howbeit a ftorm follow 
Him. Howbeit this day be not yours and Chrift's, the morrow will 
be yours and His. I would not exchange the joy of my bonds and 
imprifonment for Chrift, with all the joy of this dirty and foul- 
fldnned world. I have a love-bed with Chrift, and am filled with 
His love. 

I defire your wife to do what I write to you. Let her remember 
how dear Chrht will be to her, when her breath turneth cold, and 
the eye-firings fhall break. Oh, how joyful mould my foul be, to 
know that I had brought on a marriage betwixt Chrift and that 

Part from. t All fuddenly. 

1 84 LETTER CCLXV. [1637. 

people, few or many ! If it be not fo, I fhall be wo* to be a wit- 
nefs againft them. Ufe prayer : love not the world : be humble, 
and efteem little of yourfelf. Love your enemies, and pray for them. 
Make confcience of fpeaking truth, when none knoweth but God. 
I never eat, but I pray for you all. Pray for me. Ye and I mall 
fee one another up in our Father's houfe. I rejoice to hear that 
your eye is upon Chrift. Follow on, hing on,f and quit Him not. 
The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 

Your affectionate brother, in our Lord Jefus, 
Aberdeen, 1637. S. R. 

CCLXV.— To Mr George Dunbar. 

[George Dunbar was firft minifter of Ayr. Adhering with zeal to 
Prefbytery, he was fummoned before the High Commiflion Court in the be- 
ginning of the year 1622. On appearing, he gave in a paper declining its au- 
thority; but the Court pafTed fentence of deprivation upon him, and con- 
demned him to be confined within Dumfries. He was ejected from his charge 
a fecond time. When the mefienger of the Court came to his houfe on this 
laft occafion, either to fummon him or to intimate his fentence, a young 
daughter of his faid, " And Pharaoh's heart is ftill hardened!" while all that 
Dunbar faid was to bid his wife ii prepare her creels again ; " for, on the for- 
mer occafion, the children, being young, behoved to be carried away on horfe- 
back in creels. (Li'vingjlori s Characteri/iics.) He was for a long time 
prifoner at Blacknefs ; but at length, being banifhed by the Privy Council, 
he removed to Ireland. He firft preached at Carrickfergus, and was ultimately 
fettled at Larne, where he difcharged his miniftry with diligence and fuc- 
cefs. On being depofed by the Bifhop of Down, in 1634, for non-conformity, 
he came over to Scotland, and after the triumph of Prefbytery, in 1638, be- 
came minifter of one of the parifhes called Calder, in Lothian, where he died.] 


LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — Be- 
caufe your words have ftrengthened many, I was filent, 

* Grieved. t Hang on. 

1637.] LETTER CCLXV. 185 

expecting fome lines from you in my bonds ; and this is the caufe 
why I wrote not to you. But now I am forced to break off and 
fpeak. I never believed, till now, that there was fo much to be 
found in ChriH: on this fide of death and of heaven. Oh, the ravifh- 
ments of heavenly joy that may be had here, in the fmall gleanings 
of comforts that fall from Chrift ! What fools are we who know 
not, and confider not the weight and the telling that is in the very 
earneft-penny, and the firft-fruits of our hoped-for harvefl: ! How 
fweet, how fweet is our infeftment ! oh, what then muft perfonal 
pofTeffion be ! I find that my Lord Jefus hath not miscooked or 
fpilled* this fweet crofs , He hath an eye on the fire and the melt- 
ing gold, to feparate the metal and the drofs. Oh how much time 
would it take me to read my obligations to Jefus my Lord, who 
will neither have the faith of His own to be burnt to afhes, nor yet 
will have a poor believer in the fire to be half raw, like Ephraim's 
unturned cake ! This is the wifdom of Him who hath His fire in 
Zion, and furnace in Jerufalem. I need not either budf or flatter 
temptations and crofTes, nor flrive to buy the devil or this malicious 
world by, J or redeem their kindnefs with half a hair-breadth of 
truth. He who is furety for His fervant for good doth powerfully 
overrule all that. I fee my prifon hath neither lock nor door : I 
am free in my bonds, and my chains are made of rotten draw ; 
they fhall not bide one pull of faith. I am fure that there are thofe 
in hell who would exchange their torments with our crofTes, fup- 
pofe they mould never be delivered, and give twenty thoufand years' 
torment to boot, to be in our bonds for ever. And, therefore, we 
wrong Chriil who figh, and fear, and doubt, and defpond in them. 
Our fuflerings are wafhen in ChrhTs blood, as well as our fouls ; 
for ChrifVs merits brought a bleffing to the crofTes of the fons of 
God. And Jefus hath a back-bond § of all our temptations, that 
the free- warders || fhall come out by law and jufiice, in refpect of 

* Spoilt. t Bribe. % Off; buy them off. 

§ A bond, promifing that the perfon who gave a former bond fhall not, in 
confequence, fuffer any lofs. 

II Prifoners who have a right to go free. 

186 LETTER CCLXV. [1637. 

the infinite and great ium that the Redeemer paid. Our troubles 
owe us a free paffage through them. Devils, and men, and erodes, 
are our debtors, death and all florins are our debtors, to blow our 
poor toffed bark over the water fraught-free,* and to fet the travel- 
lers on their own known ground. Therefore we mail die, and yet 
live. We are over the water fome way already. We are married, 
and our tocher-good f is paid. We are already more than con- 
querors. If the devil and the world knew how the court with our 
Lord mail go, I am fure they would hire death to take us off their 
hand. Our fufFerings are only the wreck and ruin of the black 
kingdom ; and yet a little, and the Antichrifl: muft play himfelf with 
bones and flain bodies of the Lamb's followers ; but withal we 
ftand with the hundred forty and four thoufand, who are with the 
Lamb, upon the top of Mount Zion. Antichrifl: and his followers 
are down in the valley ground : we have the advantage of the hill ; 
our temptations are always beneath. Our waters are beneath our 
breath : "as dying, and behold we live." I never heard before of 
a living death, or a quick^: death, but ours : our death is not like the 
common death. Chriit's (kill, His handywork, and a new call: of 
Chriit's admirable art, may be feen in our quick death. I blefs the 
Lord, that all our troubles come through Chriit's fingers, and that 
He cafteth fugar among them, and cafteth in fome ounce-weights of 
heaven, and of the Spirit of glory that refteth on fufFering believers, 
into our cup, in which there is no tafte of hell. My dear brother, 
ye know all thefe better than I. I fend water to the fea, to fpeak 
of thefe things to you ; but it eafeth me to defire you to help me to 
pay my tribute of praife to Jefus. Oh what praifes I owe Him ! I 
would I were in my free heritage, that I might begin to pay my 
debts to Jefus. I entreat for your prayers and praifes. I forget 
not you. 

Your brother and fellow-fufFerer in and for Chrifr, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 17, 1637. 

* Free of fare. f Marriage-portion. t Alive. 

637.] LETTER CCLXVI. 187 

CCLXVL— To John Fleming, Bailie of Leith. 


ORTHY SIR, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — 
The Lord hath brought me fafe to this ftrange town. 
BleiTed be His holy name, I find His crofs eafy and 
light, and I hope that He will be with His poor fold Jofeph, who 
is feparated from his brethren. His comforts have abounded 
towards me, as if Chrift thought fhame (if I may fpeak fo) to be in 
the common* of fuch a poor man as I am, and would not have me 
lofe anything in His errands. My enemies have, befide \ their inten- 
tion, made me more blefled, and have put me in a fweeter poffeflion 
of Chriif than ever I had before ; only the memory of the fair days 
I had with my Well-beloved, amongft the flock intruded to me, 
keepeth me low, and foureth my unfeenj joy. But it muff be fo, 
and He is wife who tutoreth me in this way. For § that which my 
brethren have, and I want, and others of this world have, I am 
content ; my faith will frift || God my happinefs. No fon is offended 
that his father give him not hire twice a-year ; for he is to abide in 
the houfe, when the inheritance is to be divided. It is better that 
God's children live upon hope, than upon hire. 

Thus remembering my love to your worthy and kind wife, I 
blefs you and her, and all yours, in the Lord's name. 
Yours, in his only, only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. ao, 1637. 

* Under obligation. f Without intending it. % 1 C° r « »• 9- 

§ As for that which. || Wait God's time ; defer afking payment. 

188 LETTER CCLXVIL [1637. 

CCLXVII. — To William Glendinning, Bailie of Kirkcudbright. 


[ORTHY SIR, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — 
I am well, honour be to God ! as well as a rejoicing 
prifoner of Chrift can be, hoping that one day He, for 
whom I now fufFer, will enlarge me, and put me above the threat- 
enings of men. 

I am fometimes fad, heavy, and caften down, at the memory of 
the fair days I had with Chrift in Anwoth, Kirkcudbright, &c. 
The remembrance of a feaft increafeth hunger in a hungry man. 
But who knoweth, but our Lord will yet cover a table in the 
wildernefs to His hungry bairns, and build the old wafle places in 
Scotland, and bring home Zion's captives ? I defire to fee no more 
glorious fight, till I fee the Lamb on His throne, than to fee Mount 
Zion all green with grafs, and the dew lying upon the tops of the 
grafs, and the crown put upon Chrift's head in Scotland again. 
And I believe it (hall be fo, and that Chrift will mow down His 
enemies, and fill the pits with their dead bodies. 

I find people here dry* and unco.f A man pointed at for 
fufFering dare not to be countenanced ; fo that I am like J to fit my 
lone upon the ground. But my Lord payeth me well home again; 
for I have neither tongue, nor pen, nor heart to exprefs the fweet- 
nefs and excellency of the love of Chrift. Chrift's honeycombs 
drop honey and floods of confolation upon my foul. My chains 
are gold : Chrift's crofs is all over-gilded and perfumed : His prifon 
is the garden and orchard of my delights. I would go through 
burning quick to my lovely Chrift. I fleep in His arms all the 
night, and my head betwixt His breafts. My Well-beloved is 
altogether lovely. This is all nothing to that which my foul hath 

Referved. f Strange. J Likely to be left alone. 

1637.] LETTER CCLXVI1L 189 

felt. Let no man, for my caufe, fcaur* at Chrift's crofs. If my 
ftipend, place, country, credit, had been an earldom, a kingdom, ten 
kingdoms, and a whole earth, all were too little for the crown and 
fceptre of my royal King. Mine enemies, mine enemies have made 
me bleiTed ! They have fent me to the Bridegroom's chamber. 
Love is His banner over me. I live a king's life ; I want nothing 
but heaven, and pofTeiTion of the crown. My earnefr. is great ; 
Chrifl is no niggard to me. Dear Brother, be for the Lord Jefus, 
and His heart-broken bride. 

I need not, I hope, remember my diftrefTed brother to your 
care. Remember my love to your wife. Let Chrifr. want nothing 
of us ; His garments (hall be rolled in the blood of the llain of 

Grace, grace be with you. Pray for Chrift's prifoner. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 21, 1637. 

CCLXVIIL— To the Earl of Cassillis. [Let. 128.] 



Grace, mercy, and peace be to your Lordfhip. — Pardon 
me to exprefs my earnefr. defire to your Lordfhip, for 
Zion's fake, for whom we mould not hold our peace. I know that 
your Lordfhip will take my pleading on this behalf in the better 
part, becaufe the neceflity of a falling and weak Church is urgent. 
I believe that your Lordfhip is one of Zion's friends, and that by 
obligation. For when the Lord fhall count and write up the people, 

* Boggle, take fright at. 


it fhall be written, " This man was born there ," therefore, becaufe 
your Lordfhip is a born fon of the houfe, I hope your defire is, that 
the beauty and glory of the Lord may dwell in the midft of the city, 
whereof your Lordfhip is a fon. It muft be, without all doubt, the 
greateft honour of your place and houfe, to kifs the Son of God, 
and for His fake to be kind to His opprefTed and wronged Bride, 
who now, in the day of her defolation, beggeth help of you that are 
the fhields of the earth. I am fure many kings, princes, and nobles, 
in the day of Chrift's Second Coming, would be glad to run errands 
for Chrift, even barefooted, through fire and water. But in that 
day He will have none of their fervice. Now, He is afking if your 
Lordfhip will help Him againft the mighty of the earth, when men 
are fetting their moulders to Chrift's fair and beautiful tent in this 
land, to loofe its ftakes and to break it down. And certainly fuch 
as are not with Chrift are againft Him : and blefTed fhall your Lord- 
fhip be of the Lord, Hefted fhall your houfe and feed be, and 
blefted fhall your honour be, if ye empawn and lay in Chrift's 
hand the Earldom of Caflillis (and it is but a fhadow in comparifon 
of the city made without hands !), and lay it even at the ftake, rather 
than Chrift and borne-down truth want a witnefs of you, againft the 
apoftacy of this land. Ye hold your lands of Chrift -, your charters 
are under His feal ; and He who hath many crowns on His head, 
dealeth, cutteth, and carveth pieces of this clay-heritage to men, at 
His pleafure. It is little your Lordfhip hath to give Him ; He will 
not ileep long in your common,* but fhall furely pay home your 
loftes for His caufe. It is but our bleared eyes that look through a 
falfe glafs to this idol-god of clay, and think fomething of it. They 
who are paft with their laft fentence to heaven or hell, and have 
made their reckoning, and departed out of this fmoky inn, have now 
no other conceit of this world, but as a piece of beguiling well- 
luftred clay. And how faft doth time (like a flood in motion) carry 
your Lordfhip out of it ! And is not eternity coming with wings ? 
Court f goeth not in heaven as it doth here. Our Lord (who hath 

* Be under obligation. t Influence and favour. 


all you, the nobles, lying in the fhell* of His balance) efteemeth 

you according as ye are the Bridegroom's friends or foes. Your 

honourable anceftors, with the hazard of their lives, brought Chrift 

to our land ;f and it mail be cruelty to the pofterity if ye lofe Him 

to them. One of our tribes, Levi's fons, the watchmen, are fallen 

from the Lord, and have fold their mother, and their father alfo, 

and the Lord's truth, for their new velvet-world and their fatin- 

church. If ye, the nobles, play Chrift a flip now, when His back is 

at the wall % (if I may fo fpeak), then may we fay that the Lord 

hath caften water upon Scotland's fmoking coal. But we hope better 

things of you. It is no wifdom (however it be the ftate-wifdom 

now in requeft) to be filent, when they are cafting lots for a better 

thing than Chrift's coat. All this land, and every man's part 

of the play for Chrift, and the tears of poor and friendlefs Zion 

(now going dool-like§ in fackcloth), are up in heaven before our 

Lord ; and there is no quefKon, but our King and Lord fhall be 

mafter of the fields at length. And we would all be glad to divide 

the fpoil with Chrift, and to ride in triumph with Him ; but oh 

how few will take a cold bed of ftraw in the camp with Him ! 

How fain would men have a well-thatched houfe above their heads, 

all the way to heaven ! And many now would go to heaven the 

land-way (for they love not to be fea-fick), riding up to Chrift 

upon foot-mantles, || and rattling coaches, and rubbing their velvet 

with the princes of the land, in the higheft feats. If this be the 

way Chrift called ftrait and narrow, I quit^[ all fkill of the way to 

falvation. Are they not now rouping ## Chrift and the Gofpel ? 

Have they not put our Lord Jefus to the market, and he who out- 

biddeth his fellow fhall get Him ? O my dear and noble Lord, go 

on (howbeit the wind be in your face) to back our princely Captain. 

Be courageous for Him. Fear not thofe who have no fubfcribed 

leafe of days. The worms mail eat kings. Let the Lord Jehovah 

* Scale. f It is ^^ hands/' in old editions. % In a depreffed ftate. 

§ With forrowful afpect. || A garment for riding in. ^[ Renounce. 

** Putting up to fale. 

192 LETTER CCLXIX. [1637. 

be your fear, and then, as the Lord liveth, the victory is yours. It 
is true, many are ftriking up a new way to heaven ; but, my foul for 
theirs, if they find it, and if this be not the only way, whofe end is 
Chrift's Father's houfe. And my weak experience, fince the day I 
was firft in bonds, hath confirmed me in the truth and afTurance of 
this. Let doctors and learned men cry the contrary, I am perfuaded 
that this is the way. The bottom hath fallen out of both their wit 
and confcience at once ; their book hath beguiled them, for we 
have fallen upon the true Chrift.. I dare hazard, if I alone had ten 
fouls, my falvation upon this Stone that many now break their bones 
upon. Let them take this fat world. O, poor and hungry is 
their paradife ! Therefore let me entreat your Lordfhip, by your 
compearance* before Chrift, now while this piece of the afternoon 
of your day is before you (for ye know not when your fun will 
turn, and eternity mall benight you), let your worldly glory, honour, 
and might, be for our Lord Jefus. And to His rich grace, and 
tender mercy, and to the never-dying comforts of Hia gracious 
Spirit, I recommend your Lordfhip and noble houfe. 
Your Lordfhip's, at all obedience, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Sept. 9, 1637. 

CCLXIX. — To his Parijliiotiers at Anivoth. 


and peace from God our Father, and from our Lord 
Jefus Chrift, be multiplied upon you. 

* Appearance in obedience to legal fummons. 

1637J LETTER CCLX1X. 193 

I long exceedingly to hear of your on-going and advancement 
in your journey to the kingdom of God. My only joy, out of heaven, 
is to hear that the feed of God fown among you is growing and 
coming to a harveft. For I ceafed not, while I was among you, in 
feafon and out of feafon (according to the meafure of grace given 
unto me), to warn and ftir up your minds : and I am free from the 
blood of all men, for I have communicated to you the whole counfel 
of God. And I now again charge and warn you, in the great and 
dreadful name, and in the fovereign authority of the King of kings, 
and Lord of lords, and I befeech you alfo by the mercies of God, 
and by the bowels of Chriit, by your appearance before Chriit 
Jefus our Lord, by all the plagues that are written in God's book, 
by your part of the holy city, the New Jerufalem, that ye keep the 
truth of God, as I delivered it to you, before many witnefTes, in the 
fight of God and His holy angels. For now the lalt. days are come 
and coming, when many forfake Chrift Jefus ; and He faith to you, 
Will ye alfo leave Me ? 

Remember that I forewarned you to forbear the dishonouring 
of the Lord's bleffed name, in fwearing, blafpheming, curfing, and 
the profaning of the Lord's Sabbath ; willing you to give that day, 
from morning to night, to praying, praifing, hearing of the word, 
conferring, and fpeaking not your own words but God's words, 
thinking and meditating on God's nature, word, and work ; and 
that every day, at morning and at night (at leaft), ye mould fanctify 
the Lord by praying in your houfes, publicly in the hearing of all. 
That ye mould in any fort forbear the receiving of the Lord's 
Supper but after the form that I delivered it to you, according to 
the example of Chrift our Lord, that is, that ye mould fit as ban- 
quetters, at one table with our King, and eat, and drink, and divide 
the elements, one to another. (The timber and ftones of the 
church -wall mall bear witnefs, that my foul was refreshed with the 
comforts of God in that fupper !) And that croffing in baptifm 
was unlawful, and againft ChrifVs ordinance. And that no day 
befides the Sabbath (which is of His own appointment) mould be 
kept holy, and fanclified with preaching and the public worfhip of 

vol. 11. N 

194 LETTER CCLXIX. [1637. 

God, for the memory of Chrift's birth, death, refur rettion, and 
afcenfion ; feeing fuch days fo obferved are unlawful, will-worfhip, 
and not warranted in Chrift's word. And that everything, in God's 
worfhip, not warranted by Chrift's Teftament and word, was unlaw- 
ful. Alfo, that Idolatry, worshipping of God before hallowed 
creatures, and adoring of Chrift by kneeling before bread and wine, 
was unlawful. And that ye fhould be humble, fober, modeft, for- 
bearing pride, envy, malice, wrath, hatred, contention, debate, 
lying, flandering, ftealing, and defrauding your neighbours in grafs, 
corn, or cattle, in buying or felling, borrowing or lending, taking 
or giving, in bargains or covenants ; that ye fhould work with your 
own hands, and be content with that which God hath given you. 
That ye fhould ftudy to know God and His will, and keep in mind 
the doctrine of the Catechifm, which I taught you carefully, and fpeak 
of it in your houfes, and in the fields, when ye lie down at night, 
and when ye rife in the morning ; and that ye fhould believe in the 
Son of God, and obey His commandments, and learn to make your 
accounts in time with your Judge, becaufe death and judgment are 
before you. 

And if ye have now penury and want of that word, which I 
delivered to you in abundance (yea to God's honour I fpeak it, 
without arrogating anything to myfelf, who am but a poor empty 
man, ye had as much of the word in nine years, while I was among 
you, as fome others have had in many), mourn for your lofs of 
time, and repent. My foul pitieth you, that ye mould fuck dry 
breafts, and be put to draw at dry wells. O that ye would efteem 
highly the Lamb of God, your well-beloved Chrift Jefus, whofe 
virtues and praifes I preached unto you with joy, and which He did 
countenance and accompany with fome power ; and that ye would 
call to mind the many fair days, and glorious feafts in our Lord's 
houfe-of-wine, that ye and I have had with Chrift Jefus ! 

But if there be any among you that take liberty to fin becaufe 
I am removed from amongft you, and forget that word of truth 
which ye heard, and turn the grace of God into wantonnefs, I here, 
under my hand, in the name of Chrift my Lord, write to fuch per- 


Tons all the plagues of God, and the curfes that ever I preached in 
the pulpit of Anwoth, againft the children of difobedience ! And, 
as the Lord liveth, the Lord Jefus fhall make good what I write unto 
you. Therefore, dearly beloved, fulfil my joy. Fear the great and 
dreadful name of the Lord. Seek God with me. Scotland's judg- 
ment fleepeth not : awake and repent. The fword of the Lord 
fhall go from the north to the fouth, from the eaft to the weft, and 
through all the corners of the land, and that fword fhall be drunk 
with your blood amongft the firft ; and I fhall ftand up as a witnefs 
againft you, if you do not amend your ways and your doings, and 
turn to the Lord with all your heart. 

I befeech you alfo, my beloved in the Lord, my joy, and my 
crown, be not offended at the fufFerings of me, the prifoner of Jefus 
Chrift. I am filled with joy and with the comforts of God. Upon 
my falvation, I know and am perfuaded it is for God's truth, 
and the honour of my King and royal Prince Jefus, I now fufFer. 
And howbeit this town be my prifon, yet Chrift. hath made it my 
palace, a garden of pleafures, a field and orchard of delights. I 
know likewife, albeit I be in bonds, that yet the word of God is 
not in bonds. My fpirit alfo is in free ward.* Sweet, fweet have 
His comforts been to my foul : my pen, tongue, and heart have not 
words to exprefs the kindnefs, love, and mercy of my Well-beloved 
to me, in this houfe of my pilgrimage. 

I charge you to fear and love Chrift., and to feek a houfe not 
made with hands, but your Father's houfe above. This laughing 
and white-fkinned world beguileth you ; and if ye feek it more than 
God, it fhall play you a flip, to the endlefs forrow of your heart. 
Alas ! I could not make many of you fall in love with Chrift, how- 
beit I endeavoured to fpeak much good of Him and to commend Him 
to you ; which as it was your fin, fo it is my forrow ! Yet, once 
again fufFer me to exhort, befeech, and obteff you in the Lord, to 
think of His love, and to be delighted with Him, who is altogether 
lovely. I give ye the word of a King, that ye fhall not repent it. 

* Is at liberty. 

196 LETTER CCLXX. [1637. 

Ye are in my prayers night and day. I cannot forget you : I 
do not eat, I do not drink, but I pray for you all. I entreat you 
all and every one of you, to pray for me. Grace, grace be with you. 
Your lawful and loving paftor, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 23, 1637. 

SV wil t 

CCLXX.— To the Lady Busbie. [Let. 133.] 


ISTRESS, — Although not acquaint,* yet becaufe we are 
Father's children, I thought good to write unto you. 
Howbeit my firft difcourfe and communing with you of 
Chriit be in paper, yet I have caufe, fince I came hither, to have no 
paper thoughts of Him. For, in my fad days, He is become the 
flower of my joys -, and I but lie here living upon His love, but can- 
not get fo much of it as fain I would have ; not becaufe Chrift's 
love is lordly, and looketh too high, but becaufe I have a narrow 
veflel to receive His love, and I look too low. But I give, under 
my own hand- write, f to you a teftimonialf of Chrift and His crofs, 
that they are a fweet couple, and that Chrift hath never yet been 
fet in His own due chair of honour amongft us all. Oh, I know 
not where to fet Him ! Oh, for a high feat to that royal princely 
One ! Oh that my poor withered foul had once a running-over 
flood of that love to put fap into my dry root, and that that flood 
would fpring out to the tongue and pen, to utter great things, to 
the high and due commendation of fuch a fair One ! O holy, 
holy, holy One ! Alas, there are too many dumb tongues in the 
world, and dry hearts, feeing there is employment in Chriit for 

* Acquainted, perfonally known to each other. 

f Written with mine own hand. % Certificate in favour of. 

1637.] LETTER CCLXX. i 97 

them all, and ten thouland worlds of men and angels more, to fet 
on high and exalt the greateft Prince of the kings of the earth ! 
Woe is me that bits of living clay dare come out to rum hard-heads 
with Him ; * and that my unkind mother, this harlot-kirk, hath 
given her fweet half-marrow f fuch a meeting. For this land hath 
given up with Chrift, and the Lord is cutting Scotland in two 
halves, and fending the worft half, the harlot-fifter, over to Rome's 
brothel-houfe, to get her fill of Egypt's love. I would my fufFer- 
ings (nay, fuppofe I were burnt quick to allies) might buy an 
agreement betwixt His fairefl and fweeteft love, and His gaddyj 
lewd wife. Fain would I give Chrift His welcome-home to Scot- 
land again, if He would return. This is a black day, a day of 
clouds and darknefs ; for the roof-tree § of the fair temple of my 
Lord Jefus is fallen, and Chriil's back is towards Scotland. Oh, 
thrice blefled are they who would hold Chrift with their tears and 
prayers ! I know ye will help to deal with Him ; for He mall 
return again to this land. The next day mail be Chrift's, and there 
mail be a fair green young garden for Chrift in this land, and God's 
iummer-dew mail lie on it all the night, and we mail fing again our 
new marriage-fong to our Bridegroom, concerning His vineyard. 
But who knoweth whether we mail live and fee it ? 

I hear the Lord hath taken pains to afflicT: and drefs you, as a 
fruitful vine for Himfelf. Grow and be green, and call: out your 
branches, and bring forth fruit. Fat and green and fruitful may ye 
be, in the true and fappy root. Grace, grace, free grace be your 
portion. Remember my bonds with prayers and praifes. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

* Perhaps referring to Job xv. 26, though ibme have referred to a game 
wherein " Hard-heads " a fmall Scotch coin, was ufed. In his "Chrift 
Dying and Drawing," p. 178, he writes, " Is it wifdom to knock hard-heads 
with God ? " 

f Partner, married to her. X Jer. ii. 36. 

§ The long beam running along the roof, on which the rafters lean. 

198 LETTER CCLXXL [1637. 

CCLXXI. — To Earlston, Younger. 


|UCH HONOURED SIR,— Grace, mercy, and peace 
be to you. — I am well. Chrifl triumpheth in me, 
blefled be His name. I have all things. I burden no 
man. I fee that this earth and the fulnefs thereof is my Father's. 
Sweet, fweet is the crofs of my Lord. The bleffing of God upon 
the crofs of my Lord Jefus ! My enemies have contributed (befide* 
their defign) to make me bleffed. This is my palace, not my 
prifon ; efpecially, when my Lord fhineth and fmileth upon His 
poor afflicted and fold Jofeph, who is feparated from his brethren. 
But often He hideth Himfelf •, and there is a day of law, and a 
court of challenges f within me; I know not if fenced J in God's 
name. But, oh, my neglects ! oh, my unfeen guiltinefs ! I ima- 
gined that a fufferer for Chrift kept the keys of Chaff's treafure, 
and might take out his heart-full of comforts when he pleafed ; 
but I fee, a fufferer and a witnefs fhall be holden at the door, as 
well as another poor finner, and be glad to eat with the bairns, and 
to take the by-board. § 

This crofs hath let me fee that heaven is not at the next door, 
and that it is a caftle not foon taken. I fee, alfo, that it is neither 
pain nor art to play the hypocrite. We have all learned to fell 
ourfelves for double price ; and to make the people (who call ten 
twenty, and twenty an hundred) efteem us half gods, or men 
fallen out of the clouds. But, oh, fincerity, fincerity, if I knew 
what fincerity meaneth ! 

Sir, lay the foundation thus, and ye fhall not foon fhrink, nor 
be fhaken. Make tight work at the bottom, and your fhip fhall 
ride againft all ftorms, if withal your anchor be fattened on good 

* Apart from. f Accufations, upbraidings. $ Conftituted. § Side-table. 

1637.] LETTER CCLXX1L 199 

ground ; I mean within the vail. And verily I think this is all, to 
gain Chrift. . All other things are fhadows, dreams, fancies, and 

Sir, remember my love to your mother. I pray for mercy and 
grace to her ; I wifh. her on-going toward heaven. As I promifed 
to write, fo mew her that I want nothing in my Lord's fervice. 
Chrift. will not be in fuch a poor man's common # as mine. 
Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 22, 1637. 

CCLXXIL— To John Gordon. [Let. 147.] 


and peace be to you. — I have been too long in writing 
to you, but multitude of letters taketh much time from 

I blefs His great name whom I ferve in the fpirit, that if it come 
to voting, amongft angels and men, how excellent and fweet Chrifl 
is, even in His reproaches and in His crofs, I cannot but vote with 
the firfl that all that is in Him, both crofs and crown, kifTes and 
glooms,f embracements, and frownings, and ftrokes, is fweet and 
glorious. God fend me no more happinefs in heaven, or out of 
heaven, than Chrift. ! for I find this world, when I have looked 
upon it on both fides, within and without, and when I have feen 
even the laughing and lovely fide of it, to be but a. fool's idol, a clay 
prifon. Lord, let it not be the nefr. that my hope buildeth in. I 
have now caufe to judge my part of this earth not worth a blafl of 
fmoke, or a mouthful of brown bread. I wifh that my hope may 

Debt ; obligation. f Frowns. 

200 LETTER CCLXXII. [1637. 

take a running-leap, and flap over time's pleafure, fin's plaftering 
and gold-foil, this vain earth, and reft upon my Lord. Oh, how 
great is our night-darknefs in this wildernefs ! To have any conceit 
at all of this world is, as if a man fhould clofe his handful of 
water, and, holding his hand in the river, fay that all the water of 
the flood is his ; as if it were, indeed, all within the compafs of his 
hand. Who would not laugh at the thoughts of fuch a crack- 
brain ? Verily, they have but an handful of water, and are but 
like a child clafping his two hands about a night-fhadow, who 
idolize any created hope, but God. I now lightly,* and put the 
price of a dream, or fable, or black \ nothing, upon all things but 
God, and that defirable and love-worthy One, my Lord Jefus. 
Let all the world be nothing (for nothing was their feed and 
mother), and let God be all things. 

My very dear brother, know that ye are as near heaven as ye 
are far from yourfelf, and far from the love of a bewitching and 
whorifh world. For this world, in its gain and glory, is but the 
great and notable common whore, that all the fons of men have 
been in fancy and luft withal thefe 5000 years. The children that 
they have begotten with this uncouth and luftful lover are but 
vanity, dreams, gold imaginations, and night-thoughts. There is 
no good ground here, under the covering of heaven, for men and 
poor wearied fouls to let down their foot upon. Oh, He who is 
called God, that One whom they term Jefus Chrift, is worth the 
having indeed, even if I had given away all without, my eye-holes, 
my foul, and myfelf, for fweet Jefus my Lord ! Oh, let the claim 
be cancelled that the creatures have to me, — except that claim my 
Lord Jefus hath to me ! Oh that He would claim poor me, my 
(illy, light, and worthlefs foul ! Oh that He would purfue His 
claim to the utmolj: point, and not want me ! for it is my pain and 
remedilefs forrow to want Him. I lee nothing in this life but finks, 
and mires, and dreams, and beguiling ditches, and ill ground for us 
to build upon. 

* " To think lightly of." t Utter, entire. 


I am fully perliiaded of ChrifVs victory in Scotland , but I fear 
that this land be not yet ripe and white * for mercy. Yet I dare be 
halver (upon my lalvation) with the lofles of the Church of Scot- 
land, that her foes, after noon, mail fing doolf and forrow for 
evermore, and that her joy mail once again be cried up, and her 
iky mall clear. But vengeance and burning mall be to her adver- 
iaries, and the finners of this land. Oh that we could be awakened 
to prayers and humiliation ! Then mould our fun mine like feven 
funs in the heaven ! then mould the temple of Chrift be builded 
upon the mountain-tops, and the land, from coaft to coaft, mould 
be filled with the glory of the Lord. 

Brother, your day-talk is wearing fhort ; your hour-glafs of this 
fpan-length and hand-breadth of life will quickly pafs ; and, there- 
fore, take order and courfe with matters betwixt you and Chrift, 
before it come to open pleading. There are no quarters to be had 
of Chrift, in open judgment. I know, that ye fee your thread 
wearing fhort, and that there are not many inches to the thread's 
end ; and, therefore, lofe not time. 

Remember me, His prifoner, that it would pleafe the Lord to 
bring me again amongft. you with abundance of the Gofpel. 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CCLXXIIL— To William Rigge of Athernie. 



mercy, and peace be to you. — How fad a prifoner mould 
I be, if I knew not that my Lord Jefus had the keys of 

* John iv. 2*5' t Grief. 


the prifon Himfelf, and that His death and blood have bought a 
blefling to our crolTes, as well as to ourfelves ! I am fure that 
troubles have no prevailing right over us, if they be* but our Lord's 
ferjeants to keep us in His ward, while we are on this fide of heaven. 
I am perfuaded, alfo, that they mail not go over the bound-road, f 
nor enter into heaven with us. For they find no welcome there, 
where " there is no more death, neither forrow, nor crying, neither 
any more pain ; " and, therefore, we mail leave them behind us. 
Oh, if I could get as good a gate J of fin, even this woful and 
wretched body of fin, as I get of Chrift's crofs ! Nay, indeed, I 
think the crofs beareth both me and itfelf, rather than I it, in com- 
parifon of the tyranny of the lawlefs flefh, and § wicked neighbour, 
that dwelleth befide Chrift's new creature. But, oh ! this is that 
which preffeth me down, and paineth me. Jefus Chrifl in His 
faints fitteth neighbour with an ill fecond, corruption, deadnefs, 
coldnefs, pride, luit, worldlinefs, felf-love, fecurity, falfehood, and 
a world of more the like, which I find in me, that are daily doing 
violence to the new man. Oh, but we have caufe to carry low 
fails, and to cleave faff, to free grace, free, free grace ! BlefTed be 
our Lord that ever that way was found out. If my one foot were 
in heaven and my foul half in, if free-will and corruption were 
abfolute lords of me, I fhould never win wholly in. Oh, but the 
fweet, new, and living way, that Chrifl hath ftruck up to our home, 
is a fafe way ! I find now, prefence and accefs a greater dainty 
than before j but yet the Bridegroom looketh through the lattice, 
and through the hole of the door. Oh, if He and I were on fair 
dry land together, on the other fide of the water ! 
Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Sept. 30, 1637. 

* Provided they be ; or, oh that they were ! f Boundary-line. 

% Way of dealing with fin. 

§ The flefh, that has no law, and is a wicked neighbour. 

[637.] LETTER CCLXXIV. 203 

CCLXXIV.— To James Murray. 

[This may be the James Murray of whom Livingftone, in his " Charae- 
teriftics," writes, " An Israelite indeed, in whom was no guile." He was a 
writer in Edinburgh ; hence, perhaps, the expectation of news, as to what 
Government was doing, in the clofe of the letter.] 



EAR BROTHER,— I received your letter. I am in 
good health of body, but far better in my foul. I find 
my Lord no worfe than His word. "I will be with 
him in trouble," is made good to me now. He heareth the fighing 
of the prifoner. Brother, I am comforted in my royal Prince and 
King. The world knoweth not our life ; it is a myftery to them. 
We have the funny fide of the world, and our paradife is far above 
theirs ; yea, our weeping is above their laughing, which is but like 
the crackling of thorns under a pot. And, therefore, we have 
good caufe to fight it out, for the day of our laureation* is approach- 
ing. I find my prifon the fweeteft place that ever I was in. My 
Lord Jefus is kind to me, and hath taken the mafic ofTHis face, and 
is content to quit me all bygones.f I dare not complain of Him. 
And for my filence, I lay it before Chrift : I hope it will be a 
fpeaking filence. He who knoweth what I would, knoweth that 
my foul defireth no more than that King Jefus may be great in the 
north of Scotland, in the fouth, and in the eaft and weft, through 
my fufFerings for the freedom of my Lord's houfe and kingdom. 
If I could keep good quarters, in time to come, with Chrift, I would 
fear nothing. But, oh, oh, I complain of my woful outbreakings ! 
I tremble at the remembrance of a new outcaft \ betwixt Him and 
me •, and I have caufe, when I confider what ficknefs and fad days 

* The act of conferring academic degrees was called i ' Laureation." 
f Matters paft. $ Quarrel. 

2G4 LETTER CCLXXV. [1637. 

I have had for His abfence who is now come ! I find that Chrift 
dow # not be long unkind : our Jofeph's bowels yearn within Him ; 
he cannot fmother love long ; it mull break out at length. Praife, 
praife with me, brother, and defire my acquaintance to help me. 
I dare not conceal His love to my foul. I wiih you all a part of 
my feaft, that my Lord Jefus may be honoured. I allow you not 
to hide Chrift's bounty to me, when ye meet with fuch as know 

Ye write nothing to me. What are the cruel mercies of the 
prelates toward me ? The minifters of this town, as I hear, intend 
that I mail be more ftriclily confined, or elfe tranfported, becaufe 
they find fome people affect me.f Grace be with you. 
Yours, in the fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Nov. 21, 1637. 

CCLXXV. — To Mr John Fergushill. [Let. 112.] 


LORD JESUS, — I mult ftill provoke you to write 
by my lines. Whereat ye need not wonder, for the 
crofs is full of talk, and fpeak it muft, either good or bad : neither 
can grief be filent. 

I have no dittayj nor indictment to bring againft Chrift's crofs, 
feeing He hath made a friendly agreement betwixt me and it, and 
we are in terms of love together. If my former mifcarriages, and 
my now filent Sabbaths, feem to me to fpeak wrath from the Lord, 
I dare fay it is but Satan borrowing the ufe and loan of my cowardly 

* Is not able. t Love. % Explained by the next word. 

1637.] LETTER CCLXXV. 205 

and feeble apprehenfions, which ftart at flraws. I know that faith 
is not lb faint and foolifh as to tremble at every falfe alarm. Yet 
I gather this out of it ; Blefled are they who are graced of God 
to guide* a crofs well, and, that there is fome art required therein. 
I pray God that I may not be fo ill friendflead, f as that Chrifl my 
Lord mould leave me to be my own tutor, and my own phyfician. 
Shall I not think that my Lord Jefus, who deferveth His own place 
very well, will take His own place upon Him as it becometh Him, 
and that He will fill His own chair ? For in this is His office, to 
comfort us, and thofe that are caften down, in all their tribulations.^ 
Alas ! I know that I am a fool to feek a hole or defect in Ch rift's 
way with my foul. If I have not a flock to prefent to Chrifl at His 
appearance, yet I pray God that I may be able, with joy and faith 
and conflancy, to mew the Captain of my falvation, in that day, a 
bloody head§ which I received in His fervice. Howbeit my faith 
hang by a fmall tack || and thread, I hope that the tack mall not 
break ; and, howbeit my Lord get no fervice of me but broken 
wifhes, yet I truft that thofe will be accepted upon Chrifl's account. 
I have nothing to comfort me, but that I fay, " Oh ! will the Lord 
difappoint an hungry on- waiter ?" The fmell of Chrifl's wine and 
apples (which furpafs the uptaking of dull fenfe) bloweth upon my 
foul, and I get no more for the meantime. I am fure, that to let a 
famifhing body fee meat and give him none of it, is a double pain. 
Our Lord's love is not fo cruel as to let a poor man fee Chrifl and 
heaven, and never give him more, for want of money to buy : nay, 
I rather think Chrifl to be fuch fair market wares, as buyers may have 
without money and without price. And thus I know that it fhall 
not fland upon my want of money ; for Chrifl upon His own charges 
mufl buy my wedding-garment, and redeem the inheritance which I 
have forfeited, and give His word for one the like of me, who am 
not law-biding ^f of myfelf. Poor folks mufl either borrow or beg 
from the rich j and the only thing that commendeth finners to Chrifl 

* Get grace to manage well. f Befriended. % 2 Cor. i. 4. 

§ A wound. || Stitch; or, hold, tie. 

% Able to Hand at law, and anfwer charges. 

206 LETTER CCLXXV. [1637. 

is extreme neceffity and want. Chrift's love is ready to make and 
provide a ranfom, and money for a poor body who hath loft his 
purfe. " Ho, ye that have no money, come and buy,"* that is the 
poor man's market. 

Now, brother, I fee that old crofTes would have done nothing 
to me ; and, therefore, Chrlft hath taken a new, frefh rod to me, 
that feemeth to talk with my foulf and make me tremble. I have 
often more ado now with faith, when I lofe my compafs and am 
blown on a rock, than thofe who are my beholders, ftanding upon 
the fhore, are aware of. A counfel to a fick man is fooner given 
than taken. Lord, fend the wearied man a borrowed bed from 
Chrift ! I think often that it is after fupper with me, and I am 
heavy. Oh, but I would deep foundly with Chrift's left hand under 
my head, and His right hand embracing me. The devil could not 
fpill that bed. When I confider how tenderly Chrift hath cared 
for me in this prifon, I think that He hath handled me as the bairn 
that is pitied and bemoaned. I defire no more till I be in heaven, 
but fuch a feaft and fill of Chrift's love as I would have ; this love 
would be fair and adorning pafTmentsJ which would beautify and 
fet forth my black, unpleafant crofs. I cannot tell, my dear brother, 
what a great load I would bear, if I had a hearty fill of the love of 
that lovely One, Chrift Jefus. Oh, if ye would feek and pray for 
that to me ! I would give Chrift all His love-ftyles and titles of 
honour, if He would give me but this ; nay, I would fell myfelf, if 
I could, for that love. 

I have been waiting to fee what friends of place and power 
would do for us. But when the Lord loofeneth the pins of His 
own tabernacle, He will have Himfelf to be acknowledged as the 
only builder-up thereof; and, therefore, I would take back again 
my hope that I lent and laid in pawn in men's hands, and give it 
wholly to Chrift. It is no time for me now to fet up idols of my 
own. It were a pity to give an ounce-weight of hope to any befides 

* Ifa. lv. 1. f See the firft paragraph in this letter. 

% Stripes of lace, fewed on as ornaments. 

1637.] LETTER CCLXXV. 207 

Chrift. I think Him well worthy of all my hope, though it were 
as weighty as both heaven and earth. Happy were I if I had any- 
thing that Chrift. would feek or accept of ; but now, alas ! I fee not 
what fervice I can do to Him, except it be to talk a little, and babble 
upon a piece of paper, concerning the love of Chrift. I am often as 
if my faith were wadfet,* fo that I cannot command it ; and then, 
when He hideth Himfelf, I run to the other extreme, in making 
each wing and toe of my cafe as big as a mountain of iron ; 
and then misbelief can fpin out an hell of heavy and defponding 
thoughts. Then Chrift. feeketh law-borrows f of my unbelieving 
apprehenfions, and chargeth me to believe His daylight at midnight. 
But I make pleas % with Chrift, though it be ill my common § fo to 
do. It were my happinefs, when I am in this houfe-of-wine and 
when I find a feaft-day, if I could " hearken, and hear for the time 
to come." || But I fee that we mull: be off our feet in wading a deep 
water ; and then ChrifVs love findeth timeous % employment, at 
fuch a dead-lift as that ; and, befides, after broken brows, bairns 
learn to walk more circumfpeclly. If I come to heaven any way, 
howbeit like a tired traveller upon my Guide's moulder, it is good 
enough for thofe who have no legs of their own for fuch a journey. 
I never thought there had been need of fo much wreftling to win 
to the top of that fteep mountain, as now I find. 

Wo is me for this broken and backfliding Church ! It is like 
an old bowing wall, leaning to the one fide, and there are none of 
all her fons who will fet a prop under her. I know that I need not 
bemoan Chrift. ; for He careth for His own honour more than I 
can do; but who can blame me to be wo** (if I had grace fo to be) 
to fee my Well-beloved's fair face fpitted upon, and His own crown 
plucked off His head, and the ark of God taken and carried in the 
Philiftines' cart, and the kine put to carry it, which will let it fall to 

* Pledged, alienated. 

f Security given at law not to injure the perfon. J Quarrels. 

§ 111 becomes me, on account of my obligation to Him. 

|| I fa. xlii. 23. 1" Seafonable. ** Grieved. 

208 LETTER CCLXXVI. [1637. 

the ground ? The Lord put to # His own helping hand ! I would 
defire you to prepare yourfelf for a fight with beafts : \ ye will not 
get leave to fteal quietly to heaven, in Chrift's company, without a 
conflict and a crofs. 

Remember my bonds ; and praife my Second, and Fellow- 
prifoner, Chrift. Grace be with you. 

Yours, in Chrift. Jefus his Lord, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

CCLXXVI. — To William Glendinning. [Let. 137.] 



EAR BROTHER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 
— Your cafe is unknown to me, whether ye be yet our 
Lord's prifoner at Wigtown, or not. However it be, I 
know that our Lord Jefus hath been inquiring for you ; and that He 
hath honoured you to bear His chains, which is the golden end of 
His crofs ; and fo hath waled J out a chofen and honourable crofs 
for you. I wifh you much joy and comfort of it -, for I have nothing 
to fay of ChriiVs crofs but much good. I hope that my ill word 
fhall never meet either Chrift or His fweet and eafy crofs. I know 
that He feeketh of us an outcaft § with this houfe of clay, this 
mother prifon, this earth, that we love full well. And verily, when 
Chrift fnuffeth my candle, and caufeth my light to fhine upward, it 
is one of my greateft wonders, that dirt and clay hath fo much 
court || with a foul not made of clay ; and that our foul goeth out of 

* Put forth. t 1 Cor. xv. 32. { Selected. 

§ Quarrel. " After a fore outcaJl y there is greater love betwixt Chrift and 
His people than before," are his words in a fermon preached in 1630, at 
Anwoth, on Zech. xiii. 7. 

II Influence. 

1637.] LETTER CCLXXVL 209 

kind* fo far as to make an idol of this earth, fuch a deformed har- 
lot, as that it mould wrong Chriit of our love. How faft, how 
fait doth our fhip fail ! and how fair a wind hath time, to blow us 
off thefe coafts and this land of dying and perifhing things ! Alas ! \ 
our fhip faileth one way, and fleeth many miles in one hour, to 
haften us upon eternity, and our love and hearts are failing clofe 
backoverj and fwimming towards eafe, lawlefs pleafure, vain 
honour, perifhing riches ; and to build a fool's neft I know not 
where, and to lay our eggs within the fea-mark, and fatten our 
bits of broken anchors upon the worft ground in the world, this 
fleeting and perifliing life ! And in the meanwhile, time and tide 
carry us upon another life, and there is daily lefs and lefs oil in our 
lamps, and lefs and lefs fand in our watch-glafs.§ Oh what a wife 
courfe were it for us to look away from the falfe beauty of our bor- 
rowed prifon, and to mind, and eye, and luft|| for our country! 
Lord, Lord, take us home! 

And for myfelf : I think, if a poor, weak, dying fheep feek 
for an old dyke, and the lee- fide of an hill, in a ftorm, I have caufe 
to long for a covert from this ftorm, in heaven. I know none will 
take my room over my head there. But, certainly fleepy bodies 
would be at reft and a well-made bed, and an old crazed bark at 
a fhore, and a wearied traveller at home, and a breathlefs horfe at 
the rink's % end. I fee nothing in this life but fin, and the four 
fruits of fin : and, oh, what a burden is fin ! And what a flavery 
and miferable bondage is it, to be at the nod, and yeas and nays, of 
fuch a lord-mafter as a body of fin ! Truly, when I think of it, it 
is a wonder that Chrift maketh not fire and afhes of fuch a dry 
branch as I am. I would often lie down under Chrift's feet, and 
bid Him trample upon me, when I confider my guiltinefs. But 
feeing He hath fworn that fin ftiall not loofe His unchangeable 
covenant, I keep houfe-room amongft the reft of the ill-learned ## 

* Contrary to her nature. 

f " And," in old editions, is inferted before " Alas !" 
X Backward, in the other direction. § Hour-glafs. 

|| Look and defire. % End of the race-courfe. ** Ill-taught children. 


bairns, and mull: cumber the Lord of the houfe with the reft, till 
my Lord take the fetters off legs and arms, and deftroy this body 
of fin, and make a hole or breach in this cage of earth, that the bird 
may fly out, and the imprifoned foul be at liberty. In the meantime, 
the leaft intimation of Chrift's love is fweet, and the hope of marriage 
with the Bridegroom holdeth me in fome joyful on-waiting, that, 
when Chrift's fummer-birds fhall fing upon the branches of the Tree 
of Life, I fhall be tuned by God Himfelf to help them to fing the 
home-coming of our Well-beloved and His bride to their houfe 
together. When I think of this, I think winters and fummers, and 
years and days, and time, do me a pleafure that they ftiorten this 
untwifted and weak thread of my life, and that they put fin and 
miferies by-hand, * and that they fhall carry me to my Bridegroom 
in a clap. 

Dear brother, pray for me, that it would pleafe the Lord of the 
vineyard to give me room to preach His righteoufnefs again to the 
great congregation. 

Grace, grace be with you. Remember me to your wife. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

CCLXXVIL— To my Lady Boyd. 


ADAM, — I would have written to your Ladyfhip ere 
now, but people's believing there is in me that which I 
know there is not, hath put me out of love with writing 
to any. For it is eafy to put religion to a market and public fair ; 
but, alas ! it is not fo foon made eye-fweetf for Chrift. 

My Lord feeth me a tired man, far behind. I have gotten much 
love from Chrift, but I give Him little or none again. My white 

* A fide. f Pleafant to. the eve. 


fide cometh out on paper to men ; but at home and within I find 
much black work, and great caufe of a low fail, and of little boaft- 
ing. And yet, howbeit I fee challenges* to be true, the manner of 
the tempter's prelTing of them is unhoneft, and, in my thoughts, 
knavifh-like. My peace is, that Chrift may find outing \ and fale of 
His wares, in the like of me ; I mean for faving grace. 

I wifh all profeiTors to fall in love with grace. All our longs 
fhould be of His free grace. We are but too lazy and carelefs in 
feeking of it ; it is all our riches we have here, and glory in the 
bud. I wifh that I could fet out free grace. I was the law's man, 
and under the law, and under a curfe ; but grace brought me from 
under that hard lord, and I rejoice that I am grace's freeholder. I 
pay tribute to none for heaven, feeing my land and heritage holdeth 
of Chrift, my new King. Infinite wifdom hath devifed this excel- 
lent way of free-holding for finners. It is a better way to heaven 
than the old way that was in Adam's days. It hath this fair advan- 
tage, that no man's emptinefs and want layeth an inhibition upon 
ChrilT:, or hindereth His falvation ; and that is far bell: for me. 
But our new Landlord putteth the names of dyvours,^ and Adam's 
forlorn § heirs, and beggars, and the crooked and blind, in the free 
charters. Heaven and angels may wonder that we have got fuch 
a gate || of fin and hell. Such a back-entry f out of hell as Chrift 
made, and brought out the captives by, is more than my poor 
fhallow thoughts can comprehend. I would think fufFerings glory 
(and I am fometimes not far from it), if my Lord would give me a 
new alms of free grace. 

I hear that the prelates are intending banifhment for me ; but, 
for more grace, and no other hire, I would make it welcome. The 
bits of this clay houfe, the earth, and the other fide of the fea, are 
my Father's. If my fweet Lord Jefus would bud ## my fufFerings 

* Upbraidings. f Exhihition of, laying out. % Debtors, bankrupts. 
§ Loft; or, in the fenfe in which he elfewhere calls the Prodigal, " the 
forlorn fon." 

|| A way of dealing with fin. \ Going hy a back-gate, as it were. 

** Bribe. 

212 LETTER CCLXXVII. [1637. 

with a new meafure of grace, I were a rich man. But I have not 
now, of a long time, found fuch high-fpring tides as formerly. The 
fea is out, the wind of His Spirit calm ; and I cannot buy a wind, 
or, by requeuing the fea, caufe it to flow again ; only I wait on 
upon the banks and fhore-fide, till the Lord fend a full fea, that 
with upfails I may lift up Chrift. Yet forrow for His abfence is 
fweet ; and fighs, with " Saw ye Him whom my foul loveth ?" 
have their own delights. Oh that I may gather hunger againft His 
long-looked-for return ! Well were my foul, if Chrift. were the 
element (mine own element), and that I loved and breathed in 
Him, and if I could not live without Him. I allow not laughter 
upon myfelf when He is away ; yet He never leaveth the houfe, 
but He leaveth drink-money* behind Him, and a pawn that He will 
return. Wo, wo to me, if He fhould go away and take all His 
flittingf with Him ! Even to dream of Him is fweet. To build a 
houfe of pining wifhes for His return, to fpin out a web of forrow, 
and care, and languishing, and iighs, either dry or wet, as they may 
be (becaufe He hath no leifure, if I may fpeak fo, to make a vifit, 
or to fee a poor friend), fweeteneth and refrefheth the thoughts of 
the heart. A mifty dew will ftand for rain, and do fome good, and 
keep fome greennefs in the herbs, till our Lord's clouds rue J upon 
the earth, and fend down a watering of rain. Truly I think 
Ch rift's mifty dew a welcome meffage from heaven till my Lord's 
rain fall. 

Wo, wo is me for the Lord's vineyard in Scotland ! Howbeit 
the Father of the houfe embrace a child, and feed him, and kifs 
him -, yet it is forrow and fadnefs to the children that our poor 
mother hath gotten her leave, § and that our Father hath given up 
houfe. It is an unheartfome || thing to fee our Father and mother 
agree fo ill ; yet the baftards, if they be fed, care not. O Lord, 
call: not water on Scotland's fmoking coal. It is a ftrange gate^[ 
the faints go to heaven. Our enemies often eat and drink us, and 

* Token of kindly feeling. f Moveable articles in a houfe. 

X Take pity. § Difmiflal. || Sad. f Way. 


we go to heaven through their bellies and ftomachs, and they vomit 
the Church of God undigefted among their hands. And even 
while we are fhut up in prifons by them, we advance in our journey. 

Remember my fervice to my lord your fon, who was kind to 
me in my bonds, and was not afhamed to own me. I would be 
glad that Chrift got the morning fervice of his life, now in his 
young years. It would fuit him well to give Chrift his young and 
green love. Chrift's ftamp and feal would go far down in a young 
foul, if he would receive the thruft of Chrift's ftamp. I would 
defire him to make fearch for Chrift -, for nobles are now but dry 
friends to Chrift. 

The grace of God our Father, and the good-will of Him who 
dwelt in the bufh, be with your Ladyfhip. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, 1637. 

CCLXXVUL— To the Earl of Cassillis. 

LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to your Lord- 
fhip. — I hope that your Lordfhip will be pleafed to 
pardon my boldnefs, if, upon report of your zealous and forward 
mind, which I hear our Lord hath given you in this His honour- 
able caufe, when Chrift and His Gofpel are fo foully wronged, I 
fpeak to your Lordfhip on paper, entreating your Lordfhip to go 
on in the lfrength of the Lord, toward, and againft a ftorm of 
antichriftian wind, that bloweth upon the face of this your poor 
mother-Church, Chrift's lily among the thorns. It is your Lordfhip's 
glory and happinefs, when ye fee fuch a blow coming upon Chrift, 
to call: up your arm to prevent it. Neither is it a caufe that needeth 
to blufh before the fun, or to flee the fentence or cenfure of impar- 
tial beholders, feeing the queftion, indeed (if it were rightly ftated). 


is about the prerogative-royal of our princely and royal Lawgiver, 
our Lord Jefus, whofe ancient march-ftones * and land-bounds, our 
baftard lords and earthly generation of tyrannizing prelates have 
boldly and fhamefully removed. And they who have but half an 
eye may fee, that it is the greedy defires of time-idolizing Demafes, 
and the itching fcab of ambitious and climbing Diotrephefes (who 
love the goat's life, to climb till they cannot find a way to fet their 
foles on ground again), that hath made fuch a wide breach in our 
Zion's beautiful walls. And thefe are the men who feek no hire 
for the crucifying of Chrift, but His coat. 

Oh, how forlorn and defolate is the bride of Chrift made to all 
pafTers-by ! Who feeth not Chrift buried in this land, His prophets 
hidden in caves, filenced, banifhed and imprifoned ? truth weeping 
in fackcloth before the judges, Parliament, and the rulers of the 
land ? But her bill is caft by them, and holinefs hideth itfelf, fear- 
ing in the ftreets for the reproaches and perfecution of men. Juftice 
is fallen afwoon in the gate ; and the long fhadows of the evening 
are ftretched out upon us. Wo, wo to us, for our day flieth away ! 
What remaineth, but that Antichrift let down his tent in the midft 
of us, except that your Lordfhip, and others with you, read Chrifl's 
fupplication, and give Him that which the moft lewd and fcandalous 
wretches in this land may have before a judge, even the poor man's 
due, law and juftice for God's fake ? O, therefore, my noble and 
dear Lord, as ye have begun, go on, in the mighty power and 
ftrength of the Lord, to caufe our Lord, in His Gofpel, and afflicted 
members, to laugh, and to caufe the Chriftian churches (whofe eyes 
are all now upon you) to fing for joy when Scotland's moon fhal] 
lhine like the light of the fun, and the fun like the light of feven 
days in one. Ye can do no lefs than run and bear up the head of 
vour fwooning and dying mother-Church, and plead for the pro- 
duction of her ancient charters. They hold out and put out, they 
hold in and bring in, at their plealure, men in God's houfe. They 
flole the keys from Chrift and His Church, and came in like the 

* Boundarv-ftones. 


thief and the robber, not by the door, Chrift j and now their long 
is, "Authority, authority ! obedience to church-governors !" When 
liich a baftard and lawlefs pretended Hep-dame, as our Prelacy, is 
gone mad, it is your place, who are the nobles, to rife and bind 
them. At leaft, law mould fetter fuch wild bulls as they are, who 
pum all who oppofe themfelves to their domination. Alas ! what 
have we loft, fince prelates were made mailer-coiners, to change 
our gold into brafs, and to mix the Lord's wine with water ! 
Bleffed for ever fhall ye be of the Lord, if ye help Chrift againfl 
the mighty, and fhall deliver the flock of God, fcattered upon the 
mountains in the dark and cloudy day, out of the hands of thefe 
idol-fhepherds. Fear not men who fhall be moth-eaten clay, that 
fhall be rolled up in a cheft, and caften under the earth : let the 
Holy One of Ifrael be your fear, and be courageous for the Lord 
and His truth. 

Remember, that your accounts are coming upon you, with wings, 
as faft as time pofleth. Remember, what "peace with God" in 
Chrift, and the prefence of the Son of God (the revealed and felt 
fweetnefs of His love), will be to you, when eternity fhall put time 
to the door, and ye fhall take good-night of time, and this little 
fhepherd's tent of clay, this inn of a borrowed earth. I hope that 
your Lordfhip is now and then fending out thoughts to view this 
world's naughtinefs,* and vanity, and the hoped-for glory of the life 
to come ; and that ye refolve that Chrift fhall have yourfelf, and all 
yours, at command for Him, His honour and Gofpel. 

Thus trufling that your Lordfhip will pardon my boldnefs, I 
pray that the only wife God, the very God of peace, may preferve, 
ftrengthen, and eftablifh you to the end. 

Your Lordfhip's, at all command and obedience in Chrifl, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

* Evil; but ibme read noth'ingnefs, q.d. nought. 

2i6 LETTER CCLXXIX. [1637. 

CCLXXIX.— For Marion M'Naught. 


Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I am well ; 

honour to God. I have been before a court fet up 
within me of terrors and challenges ; # but my fweet Lord Jefus 
hath taken the mafk off His face, and faid, " Kifs thy fill ! " and I 
will not fmother nor conceal the kindnefs of my King Jefus. He 
hath broken in upon the poor prifoner's foul, like the fwelling of 
Jordan. I am bank and brim full •, a great, high fpring-tide of the 
confolations of Chrifl have overflowed me. I would not give my 
weeping for the fourteen prelates' laughter. They have fent me 
here to feaft with my King. His fpikenard cafteth a fweet fmell. 
The Bridegroom's love hath run away with my heart. Oh love, 
love, love ! Oh fweet are my royal King's chains ! I care not for 
fire nor torture. How fweet were it to me to fwim the fait fea for 
my new Lover, my fecond Hufband, my firft Lord ! I charge you 
in the name of God, not to fear the wild beafls that entered into 
the vineyard of the Lord of Holts. The falfe prophet is the tail. 
God (hall cut the tail from Scotland. Take your comfort and droop 
not, defpond not. 

Pray for my poor flock : I would take a penance on my foul 
for their falvation. I fear that the entering of a hireling upon my 
labours there will cut off my life with forrow. There I wreftled 
with the Angel and prevailed. Wood,f trees, meadows, and hills 
are my witnefles, that I drew on a fair meeting betwixt Chrifl: and 

My love to your huiband, to dear Carleton, to my beloved 

* Self-upbraidings. 

t Perhaps fpecially referring to the wood adjoining Bufhy Bield, the fpot 
itill called, "Rutherford's Walk.'' 

1637.] LETTER CCLXXX. 217 

brother Knockbrex.* Forget not Chrift's prilbner. I long for a 
letter under your own hand. 

Your friend and Chrift's prifoner, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Nov. za, 1637. 

CCLXXX.— To John Gordon, at Rufco.\ [Let. 272.] 


EAR BROTHER,— I earneftly defire to know the cafe 
of your foul, and to underftand that ye have made fure 
work of heaven and falvation. 

1. Remember, falvation is one of Chrift's dainties He giveth but 
to a few. 

2. That it is violent fweating and ftriving that taketh heaven. 

3. That it coft Chrift's blood to purchafe that houfe to finners, 
and to fet mankind down as the King's free tenants and freeholders. 

4. That many make a ftart toward heaven who fall on their 
back, and win not up to the top of the mount. It plucketh heart 
and legs from them, and they fit down and give it over, becaufe 
the devil fetteth a fweet-fmelled flower to their nofe (this fair 
bufked world), wherewith they are bewitched, and fo forget or re- 
fufe to go forward. 

5. Remember, many go far on and reform many things, and 
can find tears, as Efau did -, and naffer hunger for truth, as Judas 

* Gordon of Knockbrex. 

f This feems to have been the letter referred to by Mrs Veitch, wife of 
Mr William Veitch, minifter of Dumfries, when me fays, — " One day, 
having been at prayer, and coming into the room, where one was reading a 
letter of Mr Rutherford's (then only in MS.), directed to one John Gordon 
of Rufco, giving an account how far one might go, and yet prove a hypocrite 
and mifs heaven, it occafioned great exercife to me." {Memoir of the Life of 
Mrs William Veitch , p. i.) 

218 LETTER CCLXXX. [1637. 

did ; and wifh and defire the end of the righteous, as Balaam did •, 
and profefs fair, and fight for the Lord, as Saul did ; and defire the 
faints of God to pray for them, as Pharaoh and Simon Magus did ; 
and prophefy and fpeak of Chrift, as Caiaphas did ; and walk foftly 
and mourn for fear of judgments, as Ahab did ; and put away grofs 
fins and idolatry, as Jehu did ; and hear the word of God gladly, 
and reform their life in many things according to the word, as 
Herod did ; and fay to Chrift, " Mafter, I will follow Thee whither- 
foever Thou goeft," as the man who offered to be Chrift's fervant -, # 
and may tafte of the virtues of the life to come, and be partaker 
of the wonderful gifts of the Holy Spirit, and tafte of the good 
word of God, as the apoftates who fin againft the Holy Ghoft.f 
And yet all thefe are but like gold in clink and colour, and watered J 
brafs, and bafe metal. Thefe are written that we mould try our- 
felves, and not reft till we be a ftep nearer Chrift than fun-burnt 
and withering profefibrs can come. 

6. Confider, it is impoiTible that your idol-iins and ye can go to 
heaven together ; and that they who will not part with thefe can, 
indeed, love Chrift at the bottom but only in word and mow, which 
will not do the bufinefs. 

7. Remember, how fwiftly God's poll: time flieth away ; and 
that your forenoon is already fpent, your afternoon will come, and 
then your evening, and at laft night, when ye cannot fee to work. 
Let your heart be fet upon finilhing of your journey, and fumming 
and laying your accounts with your Lord. O how blefled mail ye 
be to have a joyful welcome of your Lord at night ! How bleffed 
are they who, in time, take fure courfe with their fouls ! Blefs His 
great name for what you pofTefs in goods and children, eafe and 
worldly contentment, that He hath given you ; and feek to be like 
Chrift in humility and lowlinefs of mind. And be not great and 
entire § with the world. Make it not your god, nor your lover that 
ye truft unto, for it will deceive you. 

* Matt. viii. 19. f Heb. vi. 

% Plated with iilver. § As in Let. 119, " your heart wholly there." 

1638.] LETTER CCLXXXL 219 

I recommend Chrift and His love to you, in all things ; let Him 
have the flower of your heart and your love. Set a low price upon 
all things but Chrift, and cry down in your thoughts clay and dirt, 
that will not comfort you when ye get fummons to remove, and 
compear before your Judge to anfwer for all the deeds done in the 
body. The Lord give you wifdom in all things. I befeech you 
lanctify God in your fpeaking, for holy and reverend is His name ; 
and be temperate and fober. Companionry with the bad is a fin, 
that holdeth many out of heaven. 

I will not believe that you will receive the miniftry of a ftranger, 
who will preach a new and uncouth doctrine to you. Let my fal- 
vation ftand for it, if I delivered not the plain and whole counfel 
of God to you in His word. Read this letter to your wife, and re- 
member my love to her, and requeft her to take heed to do what 
I write to you. I pray for you and yours. Remember me in your 
prayers to our Lord, that He would be pleafed to fend me amongft 
you again. Grace be with you. 

Your lawful and loving paftor, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, 1637. 

CCLXXXI. — To my Lord Loudoun. 


LORD, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — Hear- 
ing of your Lordfhip's zeal and courage for Chrift our 
Lord in His honourable caufe, I am bold (and plead pardon for it) 
to fpeak in paper by a line or two to your Lordfhip, fince I have 
not accefs any other way, befeeching your Lordfhip, by the mercies 
of God, and by the everlafHng peace of your foul, and by the tears 
and prayers of our mother-Church, to go on, as ye have worthily 
begun, in purging of the Lord's houfe in this land, and plucking 

220 LETTER CCLXXXL [1638. 

down the flicks of Antichrift's filthy neft, this wretched Prelacy, 
and that black kingdom whofe wicked aims have ever been, and 
ftill are, to make this fat world the only compafs they would have 
Chrift and religion to fail by, and to mount up the Man of Sin, their 
godfather the Pope of Rome, upon the higheft flair of Chrift's 
throne, and to make a velvet church (in regard of Parliament 
grandeur and worldly pomp, whereof always their flinking breath 
fmelleth), and to put Chrift and truth in fackcloth and prifon, and 
to eat the bread of adverfity and drink the water of affli&ion. Half 
an eye of any, not miffed with the darknefs of antichriftian fmoke, 
may fee it thus in this land. And now our Lord hath begun to 
awaken the nobles and others to plead for borne-down Chrift. and 
His weeping Gofpel. 

My dear and noble Lord, the eye of Chrift is upon you ; the 
eyes of many noble, many holy, many learned and worthy ones, in 
our neighbouring churches about, are upon you.* This poor 
Church, your mother and Chrift's fpoufe, is holding up her hands 
and heart to God for you, and doth befeech you with tears to plead 
for her Hufband, His kingly fceptre, and for the liberties that her 
Lord and King hath given to her, as to a free kingdom that oweth 
fpiritual tribute to none on earth, as being the free-born princefs and 
daughter to the King of kings. This is a caufe that, before God, 
His angels, the world, before fun and moon, needeth not to blufh. 
Oh, what glory and true honour is it to lend Chrifl your hand and 
fervice, and to be amongft the repairers of the breaches of Zion's 
walls, and to help to build the old wafle places, and flretch forth 
the curtains, and ftrengthen the flakes of Chrifl's tent in this land ! 

* We have already feen (note to Let. 116) that John, Earl of Loudon, was 
one of the Scottifh nobles who moft zealoufly efpoufed the caufe of the Second 
Reformation. In all the meafures of the Covenanters for promoting the caufe 
of the Covenant, he took a leading part ; and from his high character, as well 
as his diftinguifhed talents, his party repofed in him with the utmoft confi- 
dence, ^'odrow defcribes him as " a nobleman of excellent endowments, 
great learning, fingular wifdom and conduct, bewitching eloquence, joined 
with remarkable reiblution and courage."' 

1638.] LETTER CCLXXXI. 221 

Oh, bleffed are they who, when Chrift is driven away, will bring 
Him back again, and lend Him lodging ! And bleffed are ye of 
the Lord ! Your name and honour fhall never rot nor wither (in 
heaven at leal!:), if ye deliver the Lord's fheep, that have been Mat- 
tered in the dark and cloudy day, out of the hands of ftrange lords 
and hirelings, who with rigour and cruelty have caufed them to eat 
the pafhires trodden upon with their foul feet, and to drink muddy 
water ; and who have fpun out fuch a world of yards of indiffer- 
ences in God's worfhip, to make and weave a web for the Anti- 
chrift (which fhall not keep any from the cold) ; as they mind 
nothing elfe, but that, by the bringing in of the Pope's foul tail 
firft upon us (their wretched and beggarly ceremonies), they may 
thruft in after them the Antichrift's legs and thighs, and his belly, 
head, and moulders ; and then cry down Chrift. and the Gofpel, 
and up the merchandife and wares of the great whore. Fear not, 
my worthy Lord, to give yourfelf, and all ye have, out for Chrift. 
and His Gofpel. No man dare fay (who did ever thus hazard for 
Chrift), that Chrift paid him not his hundred-fold in this life duly, 
and, in the life to come, life everlafting. This is His own truth - 
that ye now plead for ; for God and man cannot but commend 
you to beg juftice from a juft prince for opprefTed Chrift, and to 
plead that Chrift, who is the King's Lord, may be heard in a free 
court to fpeak for Himfelf, when the ftanding and eftablifhed laws 
of our nation can ftrongly plead for Chrift's crown in the pulpits, 
and His chair as Lawgiver in the free government of His own 
houfe. But Chrift will never be content and pleafed with this land, 
neither fhall His hot, fiery indignation be turned away, fo long as 
the prelate (the man that lay in Antichrift's foul womb, and the 
Antichrift's lord-bailiff) fhall fit lord-carver in the courts of the 
Lord Jefus. The prelate is both the egg and the neft to deck* 
and bring forth Popery. Plead, therefore, in Chrift's behalf, for 
the plucking down of the neft, and the crufhing of the egg ; and 
let Chrift's kingly office fuffer no more unworthy indignities. Be 



valiant for your royal King, Jefus ; contend for Him : your adver- 
faries mall be moth-eaten worms, and die as men. Chrift and His 
honour now lie on your moulders, let Him not fall to the ground. 
Caft your eye upon Him who is quickly coming to decide all the 
controverfies in Zion. And remember that the fand in your night- 
glafs # will run out ; time with wings will flee away. Eternity is 
hard upon you ; and what will Chrift's love-fmiles, and the light of 
His lovely and foul-delighting countenance, be to you in that day, 
when God mail take up in His right hand this little lodge of 
heaven (like as a fhepherd lifteth up his little tent), and fold to- 
gether the two leaves of His tent, and put the earth and all the 
plenimingf of it into a fire, and turn this clay-idol, the god of 
Adam's fons, into fmoke and white afhes ! Oh, what hire and 
how many worlds would many then give to have a favourable 
decreet J of the Judge! Oh, what moneys would they not give, 
to buy a mountain to be a grave above both foul and body, to hide 
them from the awefome § looks of an angry Lord and Judge ! I 
hope that your Lordfhip thinketh upon this, and that ye mind 
loyalty to Chrift, and to the King both. 

Now the very God of peace, the only wife God, eftablifh 
and ftrengthen you upon the rock laid in Zion. 

Your Lordfhip's at all obedience in Chrift, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Jan. 4, 1638. 

CCLXXXIL— To the Lady Robertland. 

[This is probably the Lady Robertland (her own name was Fleming) men- 
tioned in Livingftone's CharaBeri/lics as " one deeply exercifed in mind, who 
often got as rare outgates." She was a great help to the poor people o£Ste<warton y 
during the time of the awakening there. One of her fayings was, " With 
God, the molt of mofts is lighter than nothing ; and without God, the leaft 
of leafts is heavier than any burden."] 

* Hour-glafs. f Furniture. % Sentence. § Terrible. 




ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I (hall 
be glad to hear that your foul profpereth, and that fruit 
groweth upon you, after the Lord's hufbandry and 
pains, in His rod that hath not been a Granger to you from your 
youth. It is the Lord's kindnefs that He will take the fcum oif us 
in the fire. Who knoweth how needful winnowing is to us, and 
what drofs we mull want ere we enter into the kingdom of God ? 
So narrow is the entry to heaven, that our knots, our bunches and 
lumps of pride, and felf-love, and idol-love, and world-love muft be 
hammered off us, that we may thring* in, (looping low, and creep- 
ing through that narrow and thorny entry. 

And now for myfelf, I find it the moll: fweet and heavenly life 
to take up houfe and dwelling at Chrift's firefide, and fet down my 
tent upon Chrift, that Foundation-ftone, who is fure and faithful 
ground and hard under foot. Oh if I could win tof it, and pro- 
claim myfelf not the world's debtor, nor a lover obliged to it, and 
that I mind not to hire or bud % this world's love any longer ; but 
defy both the kindnefs and feud of God's whole creation what- 
fomever ! efpecially the lower vault and clay part of God's creatures, 
this vain earth ! For what hold I of His world ? A borrowed 
lodging and fome years' houfe- room, and bread and water, and fire, 
and bed and candle, are all a part of the penfion of my King and 
Lord ; to whom I owe thanks, and not to a creature. I thank God 
that God is God, and Chrift is Chrift, and the earth the earth, and 
the devil the devil, and the world the world, and that fin is fin, and 
that everything is what it is ; becaufe He hath taught me in my 
wildernefs not to muffle my Lord Jefus, nor to intermix Him with 
creature-vanities, nor to fpin or twine Chrift or His fweet love in 
one web, or in one thread, with the world and the things thereof. 
Oh, if I could hold and keep Chrift all alone, and mix Him with 

* Prefs, by fqueezing our way in. f Get at. % Brilx?. 


nothing ! Oh, if I could cry down the price and weight of my 
curfed felf, and cry up the price of Chrift, and double, and triple, 
and augment, and heighten to millions the price and worth of Chrift ! 
I am (if I durft fpeak fo, and might lawfully complain) fo hungredly 
tutored * by Chrift Jems my liberal Lord, that His nice love, which 
my foul would be in hands with, flieth me ; and yet I am trained 
on to love Him, and luff, and long, and die for His love whom I 
cannot fee. It is a wonder to pine away with love for a covered 
and hid lover, and to be hungered with His love, fo asf a poor foul 
cannot get his fill of hunger for Chrift. It is hard to be hungered 
of hunger, J whereof fuch abundance for other things is in the world. 
But fure, if we were tutors, and ftewards, and matters, and lord- 
carvers of Chrift's love, we mould be more lean and worfe fed than 
we are. Our meat doeth us the more good, that Chrift keepeth the 
keys, and that the wind and the air of Chrift's fweet breathing, and 
of the influence of His Spirit, is locked up in the hands of the good 
pleafure of Him who " bloweth where He lifteth." 

I fee there is a fort of impatient patience required in the want of 
Chrift as to His manifeftations, and waiting on. They thrive who 
wait on His love, and the blowing of it, and the turning of His 
gracious wind ; and they thrive who, in that on-waiting, make hafte 
and din§ and much ado for their loft and hidden Lord Jefus. How- 
ever it be, God feed me with Him any way. If He would come 
in, I fhall not difpute the matter, where He get a hole, or how He 
opened the lock. I mould be content that Chrift and I met, fup- 
pofe He mould ftand on the other fide of hell's lake and cry to me, 
" Either put in your foot and come through, or elfe ye fhall not 
have Me at all." Bat what fools are we in the taking up of Him 
and of His dealing ! He hath a gate || of His own beyond the 
thoughts of men, that no foot hath fkill to follow Him. But we 
are ftill ill fcholars, and will go in at heaven's gates wanting the 
half of our leffon ; and fhall ftill be bairns, fo long as we are under 

* Difciplined by fpare diet. t So that. 

% Not to get even enough of hunger for Chrift. § Noife. || Way. 

1638.] LETTER CCLXXXI1L 225 

time's hands, and till eternity caufe a fun to arife in our fouls that 
(hall give us wit. We may fee how we fpill and mar our own fair 
heaven and our falvation, and how Chrift is every day putting in 
one bone or other, in thefe fallen fouls of ours, in the right place 
again ; and that on this fide of the New Jerufalem, we (hall ftill 
have need of forgiving and healing grace. I find crofles Chrift's 
carved work that He marketh out for us, and that with crofTes He 
figureth and portrayeth us to His own image, cutting away pieces 
of our ill and corruption. Lord cut, Lord carve, Lord wound, 
Lord do anything that may perfect Thy Father's image in us, and 
make us meet for glory. 

Pray for me (I forget not you) that our Lord would be pleafed 
to lend me houferoom to preach His righteoufnefs, and tell what I 
have heard and feen of Him. Forget not Zion that is now in 
ChrifVs caums,* and in His forge. God bring her out new work. 
Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 
Aberdeen, Jan. 4, 1638. S. R. 

CCLXXXIII. — To his Reverent and Refpected Friend, Thomas 
Macculloch of Nether Ardivell. [See " Ardwell " in notice at 
Letter 1 01.] 

[This letter is given from the " Chrijiian Injiructor" for January 1839, 
furnifhed by one who had the MS. Why Rutherford calls his correfpondent 
" reverent," we do not know. It feems to mean u revered."]! 



mercy, and peace be to you. — I long to hear how your 
foul profpereth, and I expected you would have written 

* Mould for calling bullets, or the like. 

t The contributor who furnilhes this letter to the "Chriltian Inftructor" 
fays, " The paper is fmall and dingy, and the mode of folding is not exactly 
in modern ftyle. But the wax and the imprejfwn on it are entire." 

226 LETTER CCLXXXIV. [1638. 

to me. My earneft defire to you is, that you would feek the Lord 
and His face. I know that you are not ignorant that your day- 
light is going faft away, and your fun declining. I befeech you by 
the mercies of God, and by the wounds of your redeeming Lord, 
and your dreadful compearance before the awefome Judge of quick 
and dead, make your account clear and plain with your Judge and 
Lord, while ye have fair daylight, for your night is coming on. 
Therefore, I pray you, judge more of the worth of your foul, and 
know that if you are in Chrift, and fecure your own foul, you are 
blefTed for ever. Few, few, yea very few, are faved. Grace is 
not caften down at every man's door ; therefore fpeed yourfelf and 
others upon feeking Chrift and falvation ; and learn to overcome, in 
the bitternefs of your foul, your fins in time. It is not eafy to take 
heaven, as the word faith, " by violence." Keep your tongue from 
curfing and fwearing ; refrain from wrath and malice ; forgive all 
men for Chrift's fake, as you would have your Lord forgive you. 
I pray you, feeing your time is fhort, make fpeed in your journey 
to heaven, that you may fecure a lodging to your foul againft night. 

Remember my love to your wife, William your fon, and the 
reft of your children. 

Grace be with you. 

Yours, at all hours, in Chrift. 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, Jan. 5, 1638. 

CCLXXXIV. — To the Honourable, Reverend, and Well-beloved 
ProfeJJbrs of Chrifl and His truth in fmcerity , in Ireland. 

[At the date of this letter the Prefbyterian Church of Ireland was in a 
very deprefTed condition. In 1634, Robert Blair, with fome other minifters, 
were depofed for non-conformity; in the autumn of 1636 five more were 
dealt with in the fame manner, for the fame caufe ; and all of them were 
ultimately forced to leave the country. The Prefbyterians in Ireland were 
thus left to a great extent deftitute of the miniftry of the Word, which had 

1638.] LETTER CCLXXXIV. 227 

been fo eminently blefled of God. This letter was intended to confirm them 
in their adherence to the caufe for which their minifters and themfelves were 



Grace, mercy, and peace be to you, and from God our 
Father, and from our Lord Jefus Chrifl. 

I always, but mofl of all now in my bonds (moft. fweet bonds 
for Chrift. my Lord), rejoice to hear of your faith and love, and to 
hear that our King, our Well-beloved, our Bridegroom, without 
tiring, ftayeth ftill to woo you as His wife 5 and that perfecutions, 
and mockings of finners, have not chafed away the Wooer from the 
houfe. I perfuade you in the Lord, that the men of God, now 
fcattered and driven from you, put you upon the right fcent and 
purfuit of Chrift : and, my falvation on it (if ten heavens were 
mine), if this way, this way that I now fuffer for, this way that the 
world nicknameth and reproacheth, and no other way, be not the 
King's gate* to heaven ! And I fhall never fee God's face (and, 
alas, I were a beguiled wretch if it were fo !) if this be not the only 
faving way to heaven. Oh that you would take a prifoner of 
Chrifl's word for it (nay, I know you have the greatefl: King's 
word for it), that it fhall not be your wifdom to fpeerf out another 
Chrift, or another way of worfhipping Him, than is now favingly 
revealed to you. Therefore, though I never faw your faces, let 
me be pardoned to write to you (ye honourable perfons, ye faith- 
ful paftors, yet amongft the flocks, and ye fincere profeffofs of 
Chrift's truth, or any weak, tired ftrayers who caff but half an eye 
after the Bridegroom), if poflibly I could, by any weak experience, 

* Way, road. t Afk out by repeated inquiries. 

228 LETTER CCLXXXIV. [1638. 

confirm and ftrengthen you in this good way, everywhere fpoken 

I can with the greateft. aflurance (to the honour of our higheft, 
and greateft, and deareft Lord, let it be fpoken !) affert (though I 
be but a child in Chrift, and fcarce able to walk but by a hold, and 
the meaneft, and lefs than the leaft of faints), that we do not come 
nigh, by twenty degrees, to the due love and eftimation of that 
faireft among the fons of men. For if it were poffible that heaven, 
yea, ten heavens, were laid in the balance with Chrift, I would 
think the fmell of His breath above them all. Sure I am that He 
is the far beft half of heaven, yea, He is all heaven, and more than 
all heaven ; and my teftimony of Him is, that ten lives of black 
forrow, ten deaths, ten hells of pain, ten furnaces of brimftone, and 
all exquifite torments, were all too little for Chrift, if our fufFering 
could be a hire to buy Him. And, therefore, faint not in your 
fufFerings and hazards for Him. I proclaim and cry, hell, forrow, 
and fhame upon all lufts, upon all by-lovers, that would take Chrift's 
room over His head,* in this little inch of love of thefe narrow 
fouls of ours, that is due to fweeteft Jefus. O higheft, O faireft, 
O deareft Lord Jefus, take Thine own from all baftard lovers. 
Oh that we could wadfetf and fell all our part of time's glory, and 
time's good things, for a leafe and tack J of Chrift for all eternity ! 
Oh how are we mifted § and mired with the love of things that are 
on this fide of time, and on this fide of death's water ! Where can 
we find a match to Chrift, or an equal, or a better than He, among 
created things ? Oh this world is out of all conceit, and all love, 
with our Well-beloved. Oh that I could fell my laughter, joy, 
eafe, and all for Him ; and be content with a ftraw bed, and bread 
by weight, and water by meafure, in the camp of our weeping 
Chrift ! I know that His fackcloth and afhes are better than the 
fool's laughter, which is like the crackling of thorns under a pot. 
But, alas ! we do not harden our faces againft the cold north ftorms 

* Put Him out by giving larger fum for the houfe than the occupier gives, 
f Alienate by mortgage. \ PoiTefiion by leafe. § Enveloped in mift. 

1638.] LETTER CCLXXXIV. 229 

which blow upon ChrifVs fair face. We love well fummer re- 
ligion, and to be that which fin has made us, even as thin-fkinned 
as if we were made of white paper ; and would fain be carried 
to heaven in a clofe-covered chariot, wifhing from our hearts that 
Chriit. would give us furety, and His handwrite, and His feal, 01 
nothing but a fair fummer until we be landed in at heaven's 
gates ! 

How many of us have been here deceived, and have fainted in 
the day of trial ! Amongfr. you there are fome of this ftamp. I 
ihall be lorry if my acquaintance A. T. hath left you : I will not 
believe that he dare to flay away from ChrifVs fide. I defire that 
ye fhew him this from me ; for I loved him once in Chriit, neither 
can I change my mind fuddenly of him. But the truth is, that 
many of you, and too many alfo of your neighbour Church of 
Scotland, have been like a tenant that fitteth mail-free* and 
knoweth not His holdingf whill £ his rights be queftioned. And 
now I am permaded, that it will be afked at every one of us, on 
what terms we brook § Chrift ; for we have iitten long mail-free. 
We found Chriil: without a wet foot ; and He and His Gofpel 
came upon fmall charges to our doors : but now we muft wet our 
feet to feek Him. Our evil manners, and the bad fafhions of a 
people at eafe from our youth, and like Moab not caften from 
veflel to veiTel, || have made us (like the Handing waters), to gather 
a foul fcum, and, when we are jumbled, our dregs come up, and 
are feen. Many take but half a gripf of Chrift, and the wind 
bloweth them and Chriil: afunder. Indeed, when the maft is broken 
and blown into the fea, it is an art # * then to fwim upon Chrift to 
dry land. It is even poflible that the children of God, in a hard 
trial, lay themfelves down as hidden in the lee-fide of a bum whill 
Chrift. their Mailer be taken, as Peter did ; and lurk there, whill 
the ftorm be over-paft. All of us know the way to a whole fkin , 
and the fingleft heart that is hath a by-purfe that will contain the 

* Rent-free. f Tenure. % Till. § Enjoy, pofiefs. 

|| Jer. xlviii. 11- ^[ Firm hold, ** It requires fkill. 

230 LETTER CCLXXX1V. [1638. 

denial of Chrift, and a fearful backfliding. Oh, how rare a thing 
it is to be loyal and honeft to Chrift, when He hath a controverfy 
with the fhields of the earth ! I wifh all of you would confider, 
that this trial is from Chrift ; it is come upon you unbought. (In- 
deed, when we buy a temptation with our own money, no marvel 
that we be not eafily free of it, and that God be not at our elbow 
to take it off our hand.) This is Chrift's ordinary houfe fire, that 
He maketh ufe of to try all the vefTels of His houfe withal. And 
Chrift is now about to bring His treafure out before fun and moon, 
and to tell His money, and, in the telling, to try what weight of 
gold, and what weight of watered* copper, is in His houfe. Do not 
now jouk,f or bow, or yield to your adverfaries in a hair-breadth. 
Chrift and His truth will not divide ; and His truth hath not lati- 
tude and breadth, that ye may take fome of it and leave other fome 
of it. Nay, the Gofpel is like a fmall hair, that hath no breadth, 
and will not cleave in two. It is not poilible to twill: J and com- 
pound a matter betwixt Chrift and Antichrift ; and, therefore, ye 
muft either be for Chrifl, or ye muft be againft Him. It was but 
man's wit, and the wit of prelates and their godfather the Pope 
(that "man without Iaw"§) f to put Chrift and His prerogatives 
royal, and His truth, or the fmalleft nail-breadth of His latter will, 
in the new calender of indifferencies, and to make a blank of un- 
inked paper in Chrifl's teftament j that men may fill up, and to 
muffle the truth, and matters which they call indifferent, through 
other, || and fpin both together, that Antichrift's wares may fell 
the better. This is but the device and forged dream of men whofe 
confciences are made of ftoutnefs, and who have a throat that a 
graven image, greater than the bounds of the kirk-door, would get 
free paffage into. I am fure that when Chrift fhall bring us all out 
in our blacks and whites, f at that day when He fhall cry down 

* Plated with iilver or gold. f Bend to evade a ftroke. 

% Twift into one rope. 

§ Alluding to 2 Thefs. ii. 8. ""Avo^o;,'' that Lawleis one. 

|| Mixing the one with the other. 1 Good deeds and evil. 

1638.] LETTER CCLXXX1V. 231 

time and the world, and when the glory of it fhall lie in white 
afhes, like a May-flower cut down and which hath loft the blofTom, 
there mall be few, yea none, that dare make any point, which 
toucheth the worfhip and honour of our King and Lawgiver, to be 
indifferent. Oh that this milled and blindfolded world would fee 
that Chrift doth not rife and fall, ftand or lie, by men's appre- 
henfions ! What is Chrift the lighter, that men do with Him, by 
open proclamation, as men do with clipped and light money ? 
They are now crying down Chrift fome grain- weights, and fome 
pounds or millings ; and they will have Him lie # for a penny or a 
pound, for one or for a hundred, according as the wind bloweth 
from the eaft or from the weft. But the Lord hath weighed Him, 
and balanced Him already : " This is my beloved Son in whom I 
am well pleafed ; hear ye Him ! " His worth and His weight ftand 
ftill. It is our part to cry, " Up, up with Chrift, and down, down 
with all created glory before Him." Oh that I could heighten Him, 
and heighten His name, and heighten His throne ! I know, and 
am perfuaded, that Chrift. fhall again be high and great in this 
poor, withered, and fun-burnt Kirk of Scotland ; and that the 
fparks of our fire fhall fly over the fea, and round about, to warm 
you and other fifter Churches ; and that this tabernacle of David's 
houfe, that is fallen, even the Son of David's wafle places, fhall be 
built again. And I know the prifon, crofles, perfecutions, and 
trials of the two flain witnefles, that are now dead and buried, f 
and of the faithful profeffors, have a back-door and back-entry of 
efcape •, and that death and hell, and the world, and the tortures, 
ihall all cleave and iplit in twain, and give us free paffage and 
liberty to go through toll-free : and we fhall bring all God's good 
metal out of the furnace again, and leave behind us but our drofs 
and our fcum. We may then beforehand proclaim Chrift to be 
victorious. He is crowned King of Mount Zion : God did put the 
crown upon His head, J and who dare take it off again ? Out of 

* Stand for. f Rev. xi. 9,3 miftake in the allufion, though unimportant. 

\ Ps. ii. 6, and xxi. 3. 

232 LETTER CCLXXXIV. [1638. 

queftion, He hath fore and grievous quarrels againft His Church : 
and therefore He is called, " He whofe fire is in Zion, and whofe 
furnace is in Jerufalem." * But when He hath performed His work 
on Mount Zion, all Zion's haters fhall be as the hungry and thirfty 
man, that dreameth he is eating and drinking, and behold, when 
he awakeneth, he is faint, and his foul empty. And this advantage 
we have alfo, that He will not bring before fun and moon all the 
infirmities of His wife. It is the modefty of marriage-anger or 
hufband-wrath, that our fweet Lord Jefus will not come with 
chiding to the ftreets, to let all the world hear what is betwixt Him 
and us. His fweet glooms f flay under roof, and that becaufe He 
is God. 

Two fpecial things ye are to mind : I . Try and make fure your 
profeilion ; that ye carry not empty lamps. Alas ! fecurity, fecurity 
is the bane and the wrackj of the moft part of the world. Oh, 
how many profeffors go with a golden luftre, and are gold-like 
before men (who are but witneffes to our white fkin), and yet are 
but baftard and bafe metal ! Confider how fair before the wind 
fome do ply with up-fails and white, even to the nick§ of " illumina- 
tion," and " tailing of the heavenly gift ;" and " a fhare and part 
of the Holy Ghoft ;" and " the tailing of the good word of God, 
and the powers of the world to come."|j And yet this is but a falfe 
nick of renovation, and, in a ihort time, fuch are quickly broken 
upon the rocks, and never fetch the harbour, but are fanded f in 
the bottom of hell. Oh, make your haven fure, and try how ye 
come by converfion ; that it be not ftolen goods, in a white and 
well-luftred profeihon ! A white fkin over old wounds maketh an 
under-coating** confcience. Falfe under-water,ff not feen, is dan- 
gerous, and that is a leak and rift \ % in the bottom of an enlightened 
confcience j often falling and finning againft light. Wo, wo is me 
that the holy profeffion of Chriif is made a ftage garment by many, 

* Ifa. xxxi. 9. t Frowns. % Destruction. § Point, degree. 

|! Heb. vi. 4, 5. 1 See note, Let. 217. 

** Fettering under the fkin that covers the wound. 

ft Bilge-water. %% Rent. 

1638.] LETTER CCLXXXIV. 233 

to bring home a vain fame, and Chrift is made to ferve men's ends ! 
This is, as it were, to flop an oven with a king's robes. 

Know, 2. Except men martyr and flay the body of fin in fanc- 
tified felf-denial, they mall never be Chrift's martyrs and faithful 
witnefles. Oh, if I could be mailer of that houfe-idol, myfelf, my 
own mind, my own will, wit, credit, and eafe, how blefled were 
I ! Oh, but we have need to be redeemed from ourfelves, rather 
than from the devil and the world ! Learn to put out yourfelves, 
and to put in Chrift for yourfelves. It would make a fweet barter- 
ing and nifFering, and give old for new, if I could fhufHe out felf, 
and fubftitute Chrift my Lord, in place of myfelf ; to fay, " Not I, 
but Chrift ; not my will, but Chrift's ; not my eafe, not my luft, 
not my fecklefs credit, but Chrift, Chrift." But, alas ! in leaving 
ourfelves, in letting Chrift before our idol, felf, we have yet a 
glaiked* back-look to our old idol. O wretched idol, myfelf! 
when mail I fee thee wholly decourted,f and Chrift wholly put in 
thy room ? Oh, if Chrift, Chrift had the full place and room of 
myfelf, that all my aims, purpofes, thoughts, and defires would 
coaft and land upon Chrift, and not upon myfelf ! And, howbeit 
we cannot attain to this denial of me and mine, that we can fay, 
"I am not myfelf, myfelf is not myfelf, mine own is no longer 
mine own," yet our aiming at this in all we do fhall be accepted : 
for alas ! I think I fhall die but minting^ and aiming to be a Chris- 
tian. Is it not our comfort, that Chrift, the Mediator of the New 
Covenant, is come betwixt us and God in the bufinefs, fb that green 
and young heirs, the like § of finners, have now a Tutor that is 
God ! And now, God be thanked, our falvation is bottomed on 
Chrift. Sure I am, the bottom fhall never fall out of heaven and 
happinefs to us. I would give over the bargain a thoufand times, 
were it not that Chrift's free grace hath taken our falvation in hand. 

Pray, pray and contend with the Lord, for your fifter-Church ; 
for it would appear that the Lord is about to fpeer || for His fcat- 

* Giddy and foolifh, light-headed. f Difcarded, put out of court. 

% Making an effort. § Such as. || Inquire after. 

234 LETTER CCLXXXIV. [1638. 

tered ftieep, in the dark and cloudy day. Oh that it would pleafe 
our Lord to fet up again David's old wafted and fallen tabernacle 
in Scotland, that we might fee the glory of the fecond temple in this 
land ! Oh that my little heaven were wadfet, * to redeem the honour 
of my Lord Jefus among the Jews and Gentiles ! Let never dew 
lie upon my branches, and let my poor flower wither at the root, 
fo that Chrift were enthroned, and His glory advanced in all the 
world, and efpecially in thefe three kingdoms. But I know that 
He hath no need of me ; what can I add to Him ? But oh that 
He would caufe His high and pure glory to run through fuch a foul 
channel as I am ! And, howbeit He hath caufed the bloilbm to fall 
off my one poor joy, that was on this fide of heaven, even my liberty 
to preach Chrift to His people, yet I am dead to that now, fo that 
He would hew and carve glory, glory for evermore, to my royal 
King out of my filence and fufFerings. Oh that I had my fill of 
His love ! But I know ill-manners make an uncof and ftrange 

I entreat you earnefUy for the aid of your prayers, for I forget 
not you ; and I falute, with my foul in Chrift, the faithful paftors, 
and honourable and worthy profeflbrs in that land. Now the God 
of peace, that brought again our Lord Jefus from the dead, the 
great Shepherd of the fheep, by the blood of the everlafting cove- 
nant, make you perfect in every good work, to do His will, work- 
ing in you that which is well-pleafing in His fight. Grace, grace 
be with you. 

Yours, in his fweeteft Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Aberdeen, Feb. 4, 1638. 

* Alienated by mortgage. t Explained by the next term. 



CCLXXXV.— To Robert Gordon of Knockbrex. 




Y VERY DEAR BROTHER —Grace, mercy, and 
peace be unto you. — I thought to have anfwered your 
two letters on this occafion, though I cannot fay all that 
I would. Your timeous* word, " not to delight in the crofs, but 
in Him who fweeteneth it," came to me in due time. I find the 
confolation and off-fallings \ that follow the crofs of Chrift fo fweet, 
that I almoft forget myfelf. My defire and purpofe is, when Chrift's 
honeycombs drop, neither to refufe to receive and feed upon His 
comforts, nor yet to make joy my baftard-god, or my new-found 
heaven. But what mail I fay ? Chrift very often in His fweet 
comforts cometh unfent for, and it were a fin to dole the door upon 
Him. It is not unlawful to love and delight in Chrift's apples, 
when I am not dotingly wooing, nor eagerly begging kiffes ; but 
when they come clean from the timber): (like kindnefs itfelf, that 
cometh of its own accord), then I cannot but laugh upon Him who 
laugheth upon me. If joy and comforts come fingle and alone, 
without Chrift Himfelf, I think I would fend them back again the 
gate § they came, and not make them welcome ; but, when the 
King's train cometh, and the King in the midft of the company, oh 
how I am overjoyed with floods of love ! I fear not that too great 
fpaits || of love wafh away the growing corn, and loofe my plants 
at the roots. Chrift. doeth no fkaith, % where He cometh ; but cer- 
tainly, I would wifh fuch fpiritual wifdom, as to love the Bridegroom 
better than His gifts, His propines,** or drink-money. I would be 
further in upon Chrift than at His joys. They but ftand in the 

* Early and feaibnable. f The droppings. % Perhaps, tree ? 

§ The way. || Floods deluging the land. ^ Harm. ** Gifts. 

236 LETTER CCLXXXV. [1638. 

outer fide of Chrift ; I would wifh to be in, as a feal upon His 
heart, in where His love and mercy lodgeth, befide His heart. My 
Well-beloved hath ravifhed me ; but it is done with confent of both 
parties, and it is allowable enough. But, my dear brother, ere I 
part with this fubjecl, I muft tell you (that ye may lift up my King 
in praifes with me), Chrift hath been keeping fomething thefe four- 
teen years for me, that I have now gotten in my heavy days that I 
am in for His name's fake, even an opened coffer of perfumed com- 
forts, and frefh joys, coming new, and green, and powerful, from 
the faireft face of Chrift my Lord. Let the four law, let croffes, 
let hell be cried down ; love, love hath fhamed me from my old 
ways. Whether I have a race to run, or fome work to do, I fee not ; 
but I think Chrift feemeth to leave heaven (to fay ib), and His court, 
and come down to laugh, and play, and fport with a daft* bairn. 

I am not thus plain with many I write to. It is pofTible I be 
mifconftructed,t and deemed to feek a name. But my witnefs above 
knoweth that I feek to have a good name railed upon Chrift. I 
obferve it to be our folly, to feek little from Chrift, becaufe our 
four-hours J may not be our fupper, nor our propines§ fent by the 
Bridegroom our tocher-good, | nor our earneft our principal fum. 
But I trow that few of us know how much may be had of Chrifl 
for a four-hours, and a propine, and an earneft. We are like the 
young heir, who knoweth not the whole bounds of his own lord- 
fhip. Certainly it is more than my part to fay, " O fweeteft Lord 
Jefus, what howbeit I were fplit and broken into five thoufand 
fhreds or bits of clay, fo being that every fhred had a heart to love 
Thee, and every one as many tongues as there are in heaven to 
fing praifes to Thee, before men and angels for evermore ! " There- 
fore, if my fufferings cry goodnefs, and praife, and honour upon 
Chrift, my ftipend is well paid. Each one knoweth not what a life 
Chaff's love is. Scaur f not at fuffering for Chrift ; for Chrift hath 
a chair, and a cufhion, and fweet peace for a fufferer. Ch rift's 

* Foolifh. f Mifconftrued. J The afternoon meal. 

§ Prefents. || Marriage dowry. r Boggle. 

1638.] LETTER CCLXXXV. 237 

trencher from the firft mefs of the high table is for a fmful witnefs. 
Oh, then, brother, who but Chrift ! who but Chrift ! Hold your 
tongue off lovers, where He cometh out. O all flefh, O dull and 
allies, O angels, O glorified fpirits, O all the fhields of the world, 
be filent before Him ! Come hither, and behold our Bridegroom ; 
ftand ftill and wonder for evermore at Him ! Why ceafe we to 
love and wonder, to kifs and adore Him ? It is a hard matter, that 
days lie betwixt Him and me, and hold us afunder. Oh, how long, 
how long ! Oh, how many miles are there to my Bridegroom's 
dwelling-houfe ! It is a pain to frill: * Chrift's love any longer, But, 
it may be that a drunken man lofe his feet, and mifs a ftep. Ye 
write to me " Hall-binksf are flippery." I do not think my dawt- 
ingj world will ftill § laft, and that feafts will be my ordinary food. 
I would have humility, patience, and faith to fet down both my 
feet, when I come to the north fide of the cold and thorny hill. 
It is ill my common || to be fweer % to go an errand for Chrift, and 
to take the wind upon my face for Him. Lord, let me never be a 
falfe witnefs, to deny that I faw Chrift. take the pen in His hand, 
and fubfcribe my writes. # * 

My dear brother, ye complain to me that ye cannot hold fight 
of me. But were I a footman, I would go at leifure ; but fome- 
times the King taketh me into His coach, and draweth me, and then 
I outrun myfelf. But, alas ! I am ftill a forlorn tranfgrelTor. Oh 
how unthankful ! I will not put you ofT your fenfe of darknefs ; 
but let me fay this, " Who gave you proctor-fee, ff to fpeak for the 
law, which can fpeak for itfelf better than ye can do?" I would 
not have you to bring your dittayJJ in your own bofom with you to 

* Poftpone the enjoyment of. 

f The " hall houfe," or u ha' houfe," is the manfion-houfe ; and binks are 
feats or benches therein, q. d. y places of diftindtion. 

% That fondles me. § Always. 

|| 111 becomes me who am under obligation to Him. % Reluclant. 

** Writs ; deeds in law. 

If Procurator, a perfon employed in a court of law to manage another's 
caufe. The (< fee" is paid when the fuit is ended. JJ Indiclment. 

238 LETTER CCLXXXV. [1638. 

Chrift. Let the " old man" and the " new man" be fummoned before 
Chrift's white throne, and let them be confronted before Chrift, and 
let each of them fpeak for themfelves. I hope, howbeit the new 
man complain of his lying among pots, which maketh the believer 
look black, yet he can alfo fay, "lam comely as the tents of 
Kedar." Ye mail not have my advice not to bemoan yonr dead- 
nefs ; but I find by fome experience (which ye knew before I knew 
Chrift), that it fuiteth not a ranfomed man, of Chrift's buying, to go 
and plea for the four law, our old forcaften* hufband ; for we are 
not now under the law (as a covenant), but under grace. Ye are 
in no man's common, \ but Chrifl's. I know that He bemoaneth 
you more than you do yourfelf. I fay this, becaufe I am wearied 
of complaining. I thought it had been humility to imagine that 
Chrift was angry with me, both becaufe of my dumb Sabbaths, and 
my hard heart ; but I feel now nothing but aching wounds. My 
grief, whether I will or not, fwelleth upon me. But let us die in 
grace's hall-floor, pleading before Chrifl. I deny nothing that the 
Mediator will challenge me of ; but I turn it all back upon Him- 
felf. Let Him look His own old accounts, if He be angry ; for He 
will get no more of me. When Chrift faith, " I want repentance," 
I meet Him with this : " True, Lord, but Thou art made a King 
and a Prince to give me repentance.''^ When Chrift bindeth a 
challenge upon us, we muft bind a promife back upon Him. Be 
wo,§ and lay yourfelf in the dufl before God (which is fuitable), 
but withal let Chrift take the payment in His own hand, and pay 
Himfelf off the firfr. end of His own merits -, elfe He will come be- 
hind for anything that we can do. I am every way in your cafe, as 
hard-hearted and dead as any man ; but yet I fpeak to Chrift 
through my fleep. Let us then proclaim a free market for Chrift, 
and fwear ourfelves bare, || and cry on Him to come without money 
and buy us, and take us home to our Ranfom-payer's firefide, and 

* Call off. t Under obligation to no one. 

% Atts v. 31. § Be grieved. 

|| Take the bankrupt's oath, that we are worth nothing in the world. 


let us be Chrift's free-boarders. Becaufe we dow* not pay the 
old, we may not refufe to take on Chrift's new debt of mercy ; let 
us do our beft, Chrift will ftill be behind with us,f and many terms 
will run together. For my part, let me ftand for evermore in His 
book, as a forlorn % dyvour. I muft defire to be thus far in His 
common § of new, as to kifs His feet. I know not how to win to a 
heartfome || fill and feaft of Chrift's love ; for I dow neither buy, nor 
beg, nor borrow, and yet I cannot want it. I dow not want it ! 
Oh, if I could praife Him ! yea I would reft content with a heart 
fubmiflive and dying of love for Him. And, howbeit I never win 
perfonally in at heaven's gates, oh, would to God I could fend in 
my praifes to my incomparable Well-beloved, or call: my love-fongs 
of that matchlefs Lord Jefus over the walls, that they might light 
in His lap, before men and angels ! 

Now, grace, grace be with you. Remember my love to your 
wife and daughter, and brother John. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

Aberdeen, June 11, 1638. 

CCLXXXVL— To the Parifiioners of Kilmalcolm, f 


JESUS OUR LORD,— Grace, mercy, and peace be 
to you. — Your letters could not come to my hand in a 

* Are not able. f Will not have got from us all He claims. 

% Loft, ruined debtor. § Under obligation. || Cordial. 

1" Kilmalcolm is a rural parifh in Renfrewfhire, and one of the moft feques- 
tered in Scotland. Though for more than a century it has lain under the 
fhadow of death, yet it was once a favoured vineyard. Shortly after the Re- 
formation, Knox difpenfed the communion there when on a vilit to Lord 


greater throng of bufinefs than I am now preffed with at this time, 
when our kirk requireth the public help of us all. Yet I cannot 
but anfwer the heads of both your letters, with provifion that ye 
choofe, after this, a fitter time for writing. I. I would not have 
you to pitch upon me, as the man able by letters to anfwer doubts 
of this kind, while there are in your bounds men of fuch great 
parts, moft able for this work. I know that the befl are unable ; 
yet it pleafeth that Spirit of Jefus to blow His fweet wind through 
a piece of dry flick, that the empty reed may keep no glory to itfelf. 
But a minifter can make no fuch wind as this to blow ; he is fcarce 
able to lend it a palTage to blow through Him. 2. Know that the 
wind of this Spirit hath a time when it bloweth fharp, and pierceth fo 
ftrongly, that it would blow through an iron door ; and this is com- 
monly rather under fufFering for Chrift than at any other time. 
Sick children get of ChrifVs pleafant things, to play them withal, 
becaufe Jefus is moft tender of the fufFerer, for He was a fufFerer 
Himfelf. Oh, if I had but the leavings and the drawing of the 
bye-board* of a fufFerer's table ! But I leave this to anfwer yours. 
I. Ye write, that God's vows are lying on you ; and fecurity, 
ftrong and fibf to nature, ftealing on you who are weak. I anfwer, 
— I. Till we be in heaven, the beft have heavy heads, as is evident. 
Cant. v. I ; Ps. xxx. 6; Job xxix. 1 8 ; Matt. xxvi. 33. Nature 
is a fluggard, and loveth not the labour of religion ; therefore, 
reft mould not be taken, till we know that the difeafe is over, and 
in the way of turning, and that it is like a fever paft the cool. 
And the quietnefs and the calms of the faith of victory over cor- 
ruption mould be entertained, in the place of fecurity ; fo that if I 

Glencairn, who refided within its bounds. In the days of the Covenant, 
Porterfield of Duchal, another heritor, expofed himfelf to much lofs in main- 
taining the caufe of truth. And, as is evident from Rutherford's letter, the 
number of thofe who feared the Lord, and thought upon His name, mult 
have been confiderable. There is no trace of them, fo far as we know, either 
in local tradition or their lineal defcendants. " Their life was hid," but their 
names are in li the Lamb's Book of Life." 

* Side-table. t A km to. 


deep, I fhould defire to fleep faith's fleep in Chrift's bofom. 2. 
Know, alfo, that none who fleep found can ferioufly complain of 
fleepinefs. Sorrow for a flumbering foul is a token of fbme watch- 
fulnefs of fpirit. But this is foon turned into wantonnefs, as grace 
in us too often is abufed ; therefore, our waking mull: be watched 
over, elfe fleep will even grow out of watching, and there is as 
much need to watch over grace as to watch over fin. Full men will 
foon fleep, and fooner than hungry men. 3. For your weaknefs 
to keep off fecurity, that like a thief ftealeth upon you, I would fay 
two things : — (1.) To " want complaints of weaknefs " is for heaven, 
and angels that never finned, not for Chriflians in Chrift's camp on 
earth. I think that our weaknefs maketh us the Church of the 
redeemed ones, and Chrift's field that the Mediator fhould labour 
in. If there were no difeafes on earth, there need be no phyficians 
on earth. If Chrift had cried down weaknefs, He might have cried 
down His own calling ; but weaknefs is our Mediator's world ; fin is 
Chrift's only, only fair and market. No man fhould rejoice at weak- 
nefs and difeafes ; but I think that we may have a fort of gladnefs 
at boils and fores, becaufe, without them, Chrift's fingers (as a flain 
Lord) would never have touched our fkin. I dare not thank my- 
felf, but I dare thank God's depth of wife providence, that I have 
an errand in me while I live, for Chrift to come and vifit me, and 
bring with Him His drugs and His balm. Oh, how fweet is it for 
a finner to put his weaknefs into Chrift's ftrengthening hand, and 
to father a fick foul upon fuch a Phyfician, and to lay weaknefs 
before Him to weep upon Him, and to plead and pray ! Weaknefs 
can fpeak and cry, when we have not a tongue. "And when I pafled 
by thee, and faw thee polluted in thine own blood, I faid unto thee, 
when thou waft in thy blood, Live."* The kirk could not fpeak 
one word to Chrift then : but blood and guiltinefs out of meafure 
fpake, and drew out of Chrift pity, and a word of life and love. 
(2.) As for weaknefs, we have it that we may employ Chrift's 
ftrength becaufe of our weaknefs. Weaknefs is to make us the 

* Ezek. xvi. 6. 
vol. 11. o 

: 4 2 



ftrongeft things ; that is, when, having no ftrength of our own, we 
are carried upon Chrift's fhoulders, and walk as it were upon His 
legs. If our finful weaknefs fwell up to the clouds, Chrift's ftrength 
will fwell up to the fun, and far above the heaven of heavens. 

II. Ye tell me, that there is need of counfel for ftrengthening 
of new beginners. I can fay little to that, who am not well begun 
myfelf : but I know that honeft beginnings are nourished by Him, 
even by lovely Jefus, who never yet put out a poor man's dim 
candle that is wreftling betwixt light and darknefs. I am fure, 
that if new beginners would urge themfelves upon Chrift, and prefs 
their fouls upon Him, and importune Him for a draught of His 
fweet love, they could not come wrong to Chrift. Come once in 
upon the right nick * and ftep of His lovely love, and I defy you to 
get free of Him again. If any beginners fall off Chrift again, and 
mifs Him, they never lighted upon Chrift as Chrift : it was but an 
idol, like Jefus, which they took for Him. 

III. Whereas ye complain of a dead miniftry in your bounds ; 
ye are to remember that the Bible among you is the contract of 
marriage ; and the manner of Chrift's conveying His love to your 
heart is not fo abfolutely dependent upon even lively preaching, as 
that there is no converfion at all, no life of God, but that which is 
tied to a man's lips. The daughters of Jerufalem have done often 
that which the watchman could not do. Make Chrift your minifter. 
He can woo a foul at a dykefide in the field. He needeth not us, 
howbeit the flock be obliged to feek Him in the fhepherds' tents. 
Hunger, of Chrift's making, may thrive even under ftewards who 
mind not the feeding of the flock. O blefled foul, that can leap 
over a man, and look above a pulpit up to Chrift, who can preach 
home to the heart, howbeit we were all dead and rotten. 

IV. So to complain of yourfelves, as to juftify God, is right ; 
providing ye juftify His Spirit in yourfelves. For men feldom 
advocate againft Satan's work and fin in themfelves, but againft 
God's work in themfelves. Some of the people of God flander 



God's grace in their fouls ; as fome wretches ufed to do, who 
complain and murmur of want ("I have nothing," fay they ; "all 
is gone, the ground yieldeth but weeds and windleflraws " # ), when- 
as their fat harvefl, and their money in bank, maketh them liars. But 
for myfelf, alas ! I think it is not my fin ; I have fcarce wit to fin 
this fin. But I advife you to fpeak good of Chrift, for His beauty 
and fweetnefs, and fpeak good of Him for His grace to yourfelves. 

V. Light remaineth, ye fay, but ye cannot attain to painfulnefs. 
See if this complaint be not booked in the New Teftament ; and 
the place is like this, " To will is prefent with me, but how to per- 
form that which is good I know not."f But every one hath not 
Paul's fpirit in complaining : for often, in us, complaining is but an 
humble backbiting and traducing of Chrift's new work in the foul. 
But for the matter of the complaint ; I would fay, that the light of 
glory is perfectly obeyed in loving, and praifing, and rejoicing, and 
refling in a feen and known Lord ; but that light is not hereaway J 
in any clay body. For while we are here, light is (in the molt) 
broader and longer than our narrow and fecklefs § obedience. But 
if there be light, with a fair train and a great back (I mean, armies 
of challenging thoughts, and forrow for coming fhort of perform- 
ance in what we know and fee ought to be performed), then that 
forrow for not doing is accepted of our Lord for doing. Our 
honeft forrow and fincere aims, together with Chrift's interceffion, 
pleading that God would welcome that which we have, and for- 
give what we have not, muff be our life, till we be over the bound- 
road, l[ and in the other country, where the law will get a perfect foul. 

VI. In Chrift's abfence, there is, as ye write, a willingnefs to 
ufe means, but heavinefs after the ufe of them, becaufe of formal 
and flight performance. In Chrifl's abfence, I confefs, the work 
lieth behind. But if ye mean abfence of comfort, and abfence of 
fenfe of His fweet prefence, I think that abfence is Chrifl's trying 
of us, not Amply our fin againft Him. Therefore, howbeit our 

* Withered (talks of grafs. f Rom. vii. 18. 

% In this prefent ftate of things. § Worthlefs. || Boundary. 

: 44 



obedience be not fugared and fweetened with joy (which is the 
fweetmeat bairns would ftill be at), yet the lefs fenfe, and the more 
willingnefs in obeying, the lefs formality in our obedience. Howbeit 
we think not fo ; for I believe that many think obedience formal 
and lifelefs, except the wind be fair in the weft, and fails filled with 
joy and fenfe, till fouls, like a ftiip fair before the wind, can fpread 
no more fail. But I am not of their mind, who think fo. But if ye 
mean, by abfence of Chrift, the withdrawing of His working grace, 
I fee not how willingnefs to ufe means can be at all, under fuch an 
abfence. Therefore, be humbled for heavinefs in that obedience, 
and thankful for willingnefs ; for the Bridegroom is bufking* His 
fpoufe oftentimes, while fhe is half fleeping ; and your Lord is 
working and helping more than ye fee. Alfo, I recommend to you 
heavinefs for formality, and for lifelefs deadnefs in obedience. Be 
caften down,f as much as ye will or can, for deadnefs ; and chal- 
lenge that dull and flow carcafe of fin, that will neither lead nor 
drive, in your fpiritual obedience. Oh, how fweet to lovely Jefus are 
bills and grievances, given in againft corruption and the body of fin ! 
I would have Chrift, in fuch a cafe, fafhed J (if I may fpeak fo), and 
deaved§ with our cries, as ye fee the Apoftle doeth, " Oh, wretched 
man that I am, who mall deliver me from the body of this death ?"|| 
Proteftations againft the law of fin in you are law-grounds why fin 
can have no law againft you. Seek to have your proteftation difcuffed 
and judged, and then fhall ye find Chrift on your fide of it. 

VII. Ye hold, that Chrift muft either have hearty fervice, or 
no fervice at all. If ye mean that He will not have half % a heart, 
or have feigned fervice, fuch as the hypocrites give Him, I grant 
you that ; Chrift muft have honefty or nothing. But if ye mean, 
He will have no fervice at all where the heart draweth back in 
any meafure, I would not that were true for my part of heaven, 
and all that I am worth in the world. If ye mind to walk to 
heaven without a cramp or a crook,** I fear that ye muft go your 

* Decking, f Saddened. X Troubled with your importunity. § Deafened. 
|| Rom. vii. 24. *\ Some editions fpell it " Halve." ** Halting of any kind. 


lone.* He knoweth our drois and defers ; and iweet Jefus pitieth 
us, when weaknefs and deadnefs in our obedience is our crofs, and 
not our darling. 

VIII. The Liar, as ye write, challengeth the work as formal •, 
yet ye blefs your Cautioner f for the ground- work He hath laid, 
and dare not fay but ye have afTurance in fome meafure. To this I 
fay : I. It mail be no fault to fave Satan's labour, and challenge it 
yourfelves,:); or at leaft examine and cenfure ; but beware of Satan's 
ends in challenging, for he mindeth to put Chrift and you at odds. 
2. Welcome home faith in Jefus, who wafheth ftill, when we have 
defiled our fouls and made ourfelves loathfome ; and feek ftill the 
blood of atonement for faults little or meikle.§ Know the gate || to 
the well, and lie about it. 3. Make meikle of afTurance, for it 
keepeth your anchor fixed. 

IX. Outbreakings, ye fay, difcourage you, fo that ye know not 
if ever ye mall win again to fuch overjoying confolations of the 
Spirit in this life, as formerly ye had ; and, therefore, a queftion 
may be, If, after afTurance and mortification, the children of God be 
ordinarily fed with fenfe and joy ? I anfwer : I fee no inconvenience 
to think it is enough, in a race, to fee the goal at the ftar ting-place, 
howbeit the runners never get a view of it till they come to the 
rink's || end ; and that our wife Lord thinketh it fitteft that we 
fhould not always be fingering and playing with Chrift's apples. 
Our Well-beloved, I know, will fport and play with His bride, as 
much as He thinketh will allure her to the rink's ^f end. Yet I 
judge it not unlawful to feek renewed confolations, providing, I. 
The heart be fubmiffive, and content to leave the meafure and timing 
of them to Him. 2. Providing they be fought to excite us to 
praife, and flrengthen our afTurance, and fharpen our defires after 
Himlelf. 3. Let them be fought, not for our humours or fwellings 
of nature, but as the earneft of heaven. And I think many do 
attain to greater confolations after mortification, than ever they had 

* By yourfelves. t Surety. The " Liar" is Satan. 

\ To anticipate Satan by jealoufly fearching into it yourfelves. 
?; Much. jj The way. If The courfe, or ring, of the race. 


formerly. But I know that our Lord walketh here (till by a 
fovereign latitude, and keepeth not the fame way, as to one hair- 
breadth, without a mifs, toward all His children. As for the Lord's 
people with you, I am not the man fit to fpeak to them. I rejoice 
exceedingly that Chriil: is engaging fouls among!! you ; but I know 
that, in converfion, all the winning is in the firft buying, as we ufe to 
fay. For many lay falfe and baftard foundations, and take up con- 
verfion at their foot, and get Chriil: for as good as half-nothing, and 
had never a Tick night for fin ; and this maketh loofe work. I 
pray you to dig deep. Chrift's palace-work, and His new dwelling, 
laid upon hell felt and feared, is moll: firm : and heaven, grounded 
and laid upon fuch a hell, is fureft work, and will not wafh away 
with winter ftorms. It were good that profeflbrs were not like 
young heirs, that come to their rich eftate long ere they come to 
their wit ; and fo is feen on it. The tavern, and the cards, and the 
harlots ileal their riches* from them, ere ever they be aware what 
they are doing. I know that a Chriil: bought with ftrokes is 
fweeteit. 4. I recommend to you conference and prayer at private 
meetings ; for warrant whereof, fee Ifa. ii. 3 ; Jer. 1. 4, 5 ; Hos. ii. 
I, 2 •, Zech. viii. 20-23 '■> Mai. "• l & » Luke xxiv. 13-17 ; John 
xx. 19; Acts xii. 12; Col. iii. 16, and iv. 6; Ephes. iv. 29; 
I Pet. iv. 10 ; I Thefs. v. 14 ; Heb. iii. 13, and x. 25. Many coals 
make a good fire, and that is a part of the communion of faints. 

I mufl entreat you, and your Chriftian acquaintance in the 
parifh, to remember me to God in your prayers, and my flock and 
miniitry, and my tranfportationf and removal from this place, which 
I fear at this AfTembly4 and be earneit with God for our mother- 

* Some read u ridges," q. d., their acres of land. 

f My being transferred to another part of the land. 

X About this time Rutherford (who, it will be obferved from the place 
whence this letter is dated, was now relieved from confinement at Aberdeen) 
had received two feparate calls, one from Edinburgh, to become one of the 
city minifters, and the other from St Andrews, to the theological chair in that 
Univerfity. Thefe competing calls were to come before the AfTembly, and to 
this he refers here. 


kirk. For want of time, I have put you all in one letter. The 
rich grace of our Lord Jefus Chrifl be with you all. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Anwoth, Aug. 5, 1639. 

CCLXXXVIL — To the Viscountess of Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I know 
that ye are near many comforters, and that the promifed 
Comforter is near at hand alfo. Yet, becaufe I found 
your Ladyfhip comfortable to myfelf in my fad days, which are not 
yet over my head, it is my part and more, in many refpects (how- 
beit I can do little, God knoweth, in that kind), to fpeak to you in 
your wildernefs lot. 

I know, dear and noble Lady, that this lofs of your dear child* 
came upon you, one piece and part of it after another ; and that ye 
were looking for it, and that now the Almighty hath brought on 
you that which ye feared -, and that your Lord gave you lawful 
warning. And I hope that for His fake who brewed and mafked f 
this cup in heaven, ye will gladly drink, and falute and welcome 
the crofs. I am fure, that it is not your Lord's mind to feed you 
with judgment and wormwood, and to give you waters of gall to 
drink.J I know that your cup is fugared with mercy ; and that the 
withering of the bloom, the flower, even the white and red of 
worldly joys, is for no other end than to buy out at the ground § 
the reverfion of your heart and love. 

Madam, fubfcribe to the Almighty's will ; put your hand to the 
pen, and let the crofs of your Lord Jefus have your fubmiffive and 

* John, fecond Vifcount Kenmure, who died in 1639. 

t Infufed. J Ezek. xxxiv. 16 ; Jer. ix. 15. § To the very foundation. 


reiblute Amen. If ye afk and try whofe this crofs is, I dare fay 
that it is not all your own, the belt, half of it is Chrift's. Then 
your crofs is no born-baftard, but lawfully begotten ; it fprang not 
out of the duft.* If Chrift and ye be halvers of this fuffering, 
and He fay, " Half mine," what mould ail you ? And I am fure 
that I am here right upon the ftyle of the word of God : " The 
fellowfhip of Chrift's fufFerings ;"f " The remnant of the afflictions 
of Chrift i"% " The reproach of Chrift." § It were but to fhift the 
comforts off God, to fay, " Chrift had never fuch a crofs as mine : 
He had never a dead child, and fo this is not His crofs ; neither can 
He, in that meaning, be the owner of this crofs." But I hope that 
Chrift, when He married you, married you and all the crofTes and 
wo || hearts that follow you. And the word maketh no exception. 
" In all their afflictions He was afflicted." % Then Chrift bore the 
firft ftroke of this crofs ; it rebounded off Him upon you, and ye 
get it at the fecond hand, and ye and He are halvers in it. And I 
fhall believe, for my part, that He mindeth to diftill heaven out of 
this lofs, and all others the like ; for wifdom devifed it, and love 
laid it on, and Chrift owneth it as His own, and putteth your fhoulder 
onlv beneath a piece of it. Take it with joy, as no baftard crofs, 
but as a vifitation of God, well-born ; and fpend the reft of your 
appointed time, till your change come, in the work of believing. 
And let faith, that never yet made a lie to you, fpeak for God's 
part of it, " He will not, He doth not, make you a fea or a whale- 
fifh, that He keepeth you in ward."** It may be, that ye think not 
many of the children of God in fuch a hard cafe as yourfelf ; but 
what would ye think of lbme, who would exchange afflictions ? and 
give you to the boot ? But I know that yours muft be your own 
alone, and Chrift's together. 

I confefs it feemed ftrange to me, that your Lord ihould have 
done that which feemed to dingff out the bottom of your worldly 
comforts ; but we fee not the ground \ J of the Almighty's fovereignty. 

* Job v. 6. t Phil. iii. ic. t Col. i 24. £ Heb. xi. 26. || Sorrowful. 
■" Iia. lxiii. 9. "** Job vii. 12. ft Violently drive out. tt Foundation. 

1639.] LETTER CCLX XXVII. 249 

" He goeth by* on our right hand, and on our left hand, and we 
fee Him not." We fee but pieces of the broken links of the chains 
of His providence ; and He coggethf the wheels of His own pro- 
vidence, that we fee not. Oh, let the Former work His own clay 
into what frame He pleafeth ! " Shall any teach the Almighty 
knowledge ?" If He purfue the dry ftubble, who dare fay, " What 
doefl Thou ?" Do not wonder to fee the Judge of the world weave, 
into one web, your mercies and the judgments of the houfe of Ken- 
mure. He can make one web of contraries. 

But my weak advice (with reverence and correction), were, for 
you, dear and worthy Lady, to fee how far mortification goeth on, 
and what fcum the Lord's fire cafteth out of you. I know that ye 
fee your knottinefs,J fince our Lord whiteth, § and heweth, and 
plaineth you. And the glancing || of the furnace is to let you fee 
what fcum or refufe ye muff want, and what froth is in nature, that 
muff be boiled out and taken off in the fire of your trials. I do not 
fay that heavier afflictions prophefy heavier guiltinefs ; a crofs is 
often but a falfe prophet in this kind. But I am fure that our Lord 
would have the tin and the baflard metal in you removed, left the 
Lord fay, " The bellows are burnt, the lead is confumed in the fire, 
the Founder melteth in vain."5[ And I fhall hope that grief will 
not fo far fmother your light, as not to practife this fo neceffary a 
duty, to concur with Him in this bleffed defign. 

I would gladly plead for the Comforter's part of it, not againft 
you, Madam (for I am fure ye are not his party**), but againft your 
grief, which will have its own violent incurfions in your foul : and 
I think it be not in your power to help it. But I muff fay, there are 
comforts allowed upon you \\\ and, therefore, want them not. When 
ye have gotten a running-over foul with joy now, that joy will never 

* Paft. f Puts in the wedge to flop the wheel. 

\ How full of knots you are. 

§ Makes you like a ftick from which the bark is ftripped. 
|| He ufes "glancing " for the brightnefs of glowing heat, in his fermon on 
Zech. xiii. 7. Tf Jer. vi. 29. 

** The oppofmg party, ft An allowance of comforts to fpend on you. 


be miffed out of the infinite ocean of delight, which is not diminifhed 
by drinking at it, or drawing out of it. It is a Chriftian art to comfort 
yourfelf in the Lord ; to fay, " I was obliged to render back again 
this child to the Giver : and if I have had four years' loan of him, 
and Chriu: eternity's poffeffion of him, the Lord hath kept condition 
with me. If my Lord would not have him and me to tryfl* both 
in one hour at death's door-th remold together, it is His wifdom fo 
to do ; I am fatisfied. My tryfl is fufpended, not broken off, 
nor given up." Madam, I would that I could divide forrow with 
you, for your eafe. But I am but a beholder : it is eafy to me to 
fpeak ; the God of comfort fpeak to you, and allure you with His 
feafts of love. 

My removal from my flock is fo heavy to me, that it maketh my 
life a burden to me ; I had never fuch a longing for death. The 
Lord help and hold up fad clay. I fear that ye fin in drawing Mr 
William Dalgleifh from this country, where the labourers are few, 
and the harveft great. 

Madam, defire my Lord Argyle to fee for provifion to a paitor 
for his poor people. Grace be with you. 

Your Ladyfhip's at all obedience in Chrift, 

Kirkcudbright, Oct. 1, 1639. S* R. 

CCLXXXVIIL— To the perfected Church in Ireland.^ 


BELOVED IN OUR LORD,— Grace, mercy, and 
peace be to you all. — I know that there are many in 

* To keep the fame appointed time of meeting. 

f The National Covenant having been by this time folemnly renewed 
throughout almoft the whole of Scotland, every means was ufed to prevent 


this nation more able than I to fpeak to the fufferers for, and wit- 
neffes of, Jems Chrift ; yet pardon me to fpeak a little to you, who 
are called in queftion for the Gofpel once committed to you. 

I hope that ye are not ignorant that, as peace was left to you in 
Chrift's teftament, fo the other half of the teftament was a legacy 
of Chrift's fufferings. " Thefe things have I fpoken, that in Me ye 
might have peace ; in the world ye mail have trouble." # Becaufe, 
then, ye are made affignees and heirs to a liferent of Chrift's crofs, 
think that fiery trial no ftrange thing ; for the Lord Jefus fhall be 
no lofer by purging the drofs and tin out of His Church in Ireland. 
His wine-prefs is but fqueezing out the dregs, the fcum, the froth, 
and refufe of that Church. I had once the proof of the fweet fmell, 
and the honeft. and honourable peace, of that flandered thing, the 
crofs of our Lord Jefus. But though, alas ! thefe golden days that 
then I had be now in a great part gone, yet I dare fay, that the 
ifTue and outgatef of your fufferings fhall be the advantage, the 

the Prefbyterians in Ireland from entering into it. To accomplifh this, an oath 
was impofed in May 1639, known by the name of the Black Oath, from the 

calamities which it occalioned. The oath is as follows: — " I, , do 

faithfully fwear, profefs, and promife, that I will honour and obey my fove- 
reign Lord, King Charles, and will bear faith and true allegiance unto him, 
and defend and maintain his royal power and authority ; and that I will not 
bear arms, or do any rebellious or hoftile a6t againft his Majefty, King Charles, 
or protefl againft any his royal commands, but fubmit myfelf in all due obe- 
dience thereunto ; and that I will not enter into any covenant, oath, or band of 
mutual defence and affiftance againft any perfon whatfoever by force, without 
his Majefty's fovereign and regal authority. And I do renounce and abjure 
all covenants, oaths, and bands whatfoever, contrary to what I have herein 
fworn, profeflfed, and promifed. So help me God, in Jefus Chrift." All 
Scottifh refidents in Ulfter, above the age of lixteen, were required to take 
this oath ; and it was impofed equally on women as on men. Great numbers 
refilling to take it, the higheft penalties of the law, fhort of death, were in- 
flicted on them, and that, too, under circumftances of great cruelty. Such 
was the condition of the Prefbyterians in Ireland at the date of this letter, 
which was written to comfort them under perfecution, and to encourage their 
ftedfaftnefs. (Reid'j Hi/lory of the Prejbyterian Church in Ireland.) 

* John xvi. 33, tribulation. f Egrefs from. 


golden reign and dominion of the Gofpel, and the high glory of the 
never-enough-praifed Prince of the kings of the earth ; and the 
changing of the brafs of the Lord's temple among you into gold, 
and the iron into filver, and the wood into brafs. Your officers fhall 
yet be peace, and your exactors righteoufnefs.* Your old, fallen 
walls fhall get a new name, and the gates of your Jerufalem fhall 
get a new ftyle. They fhall call your walls Salvation, and your 
gates Praife. I know that Deputy, f prelates, Papiffs, temporizing 
lords, and proud mockers of our Lord, crucifiers of Chrift for His 
coat, and all your enemies, have neither fingers nor inftruments of 
war to pick out one ftone out of your wall ; for each ftone of your 
wall is " Salvation." I dare give you my royal and princely Matter's 
word for it, that Ireland fhall be a fair bride to Jefus, and Chrift 
will build on her a palace of filver. \ Therefore, weep not as if 
there were no hope ; fear not, put on ftrength, put on your beauti- 
ful garments. § Your foundation fhall be fapphires, your windows 
and gates precious {tones. || Look over the water, and behold and 
fee who is on the dry land waiting for your landing. Your deliver- 
ance is concluded, fubfcribed, and fealed in heaven. Your goods, 
that are taken from you for Chrift, and His truth's fake, are but 
arretted and laid in pawn, and not taken away. There is much 
laid up for you in His ttorehoufe, whofe the earth and the fulnefs 
thereof is. Your garments are fpun, and your flocks are feeding in 
the fields, your bread is laid up for you, your drink is brewn, f 
your gold and filver is at the bank, and the interett goeth on and 

*Ifa.lx. 17, 18. 

f Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, was at this time Deputy or Lord Lieu- 
tenant of Ireland. Previous to his appointment to that office, which was in 
1632, the Scottifh fettlers in Ireland were not troubled on account of their 
non-conformity. After the Black Oath was impofed in this year, he declared 
that he would profecute "to the blood" all who refufed to take it, and 
drive them " root and branch" out of the kingdom. His violent and uncon- 
stitutional proceedings at length iffued in his being arraigned for high treaibn 
before the Englifh Parliament, and beheaded on Tower Hill, May 12, 1641, 
in the forty-ninth year of his age. 

% Cant. viii. 9. § Ifa. lii. 1. |J lia. liv. u ? 12. r Brewed. 


groweth : and yet I hear that your tafkmafters do rob and fpoil 
you, and fine you. Your prifons, my brethren, have two keys. 
The Deputy, prelates, and officers keep but the iron keys of the 
prifon wherein they put you -, but He that hath created the fmith, 
hath other keys in heaven ; therefore ye ihall not die in the prifon. 
Other men's ploughs are labouring for your bread •, your enemies 
are gathering in your rents. He that is killing His bride on this 
fide of the fea, in Scotland, is beating her beyond the fea in Ireland, 
and feeding her with the bread of adverfity and the water of afflic- 
tion ; and yet He is the fame Lord to both. 

Alas ! I fear that Scotland be undone and flain with this great 
mercy of reformation, becaufe there is not here that life of religion, 
anfwerable to the huge greatnefs of the work that dazzleth our eyes. 
For the Lord is rejoicing over us in this land, as the bridegroom 
rejoiceth over the bride : and the Lord hath changed the name of 
Scotland. They call us now no more " Forfaken," nor " Defolate ;" 
but our land is called " Hephzibah," and " Beulah,"* for the Lord 
delighteth in us, and this land is married to Himfelf. There is now 
an highway made through our Zion, and it is called the " Way of 
holinefs ;" the unclean mall not pafs over it ; the wayfaring men, 
though fools, fhall not err in it. The wildernefs doth rejoice and 
bloiTom as the rofe ; " The ranfomed of the Lord are returned back 
unto Zion, with fongs and everlafting joy upon their heads ;"f the 
Canaanite is put out of our Lord's houfe : there is not a beaft left 
to do hurt (at leaft, profeffedly) in all the holy mountain of the 
Lord. Our Lord is fallen to J wreftle with His enemies, and hath 
brought us out of Egypt ; we have " the flxength of an unicorn." § 
The Lord hath eaten up the fons of Babel ; He hath broken their 
bones, and hath pierced them through with His arrows. We take 
them captives whofe captives we were, and we rule over our op- 
prefTors. || It is not brick, nor clay, nor Babel's curfed timber and 
ftones, that is in our fecond temple ; but our princely King Jefus is 

* I fa. lxii. 4. f I fa. xxxv. 10. % Has fet to. 

§ Num. xxiii. 12. || Ifa. xiv. 2. 


building His houfe all palace-work and carved flones. It is the 
habitation of the Lord. 

We do welcome Ireland and England to our Well-beloved. 
We invite you, O daughters of Jerufalem, to come down to our 
Lord's garden, and feek our Well-beloved with us , for His love 
will fuffice both you and us. We do fend you love-letters over the 
fea, to requeft you to come and to marry our King, and to take part 
of our bed. And we truft our Lord is fetching a blow upon the 
Beaft, and the fcarlet-coloured Whore, to the end that He may 
bring in His ancient widow-wife, our dear filter, the Church of the 
Jews. Oh, what a heavenly heaven were it to fee them come in by 
this mean, and fuck the breafts of their little filler, and renew their 
old love with their firft Hufband, Chrift our Lord ! They are 
booked in God's word, as a bride contracted unto Jefus ! Oh for 
a fight, in this flefh of mine, of the prophefied marriage between 
Chrift and them ! The kings of Tarfhifh, and of the ifles, mutt 
bring prefents to our Lord Jefus.* And Britain is one of the 
chiefeft ifles ; why then but we may believe that our kings of this 
ifland fhall come in, and bring their glory to the New Jerufalem, 
wherein Chrifl: fhall dwell in the latter days ? It is our part to pray, 
" That the kingdoms of the earth may become ChrifVs." 

Now I exhort you, in the Lord Jefus, not to be difmayed nor 
afraid for the two tails of thefe fmoking firebrands, the fierce anger 
of the Deputy with civil power, and of the baftard prelates with the 
power of the Beaft ; for they fhall be cut off. They may well eat 
you and drink you, but they fhall be forced to vomit you out again 
alive. If two things were firmly believed, fufTerings would have no 
weight. If the fellowfhip of ChrifVs fufTerings were well known, 
who would not gladly take part with Jefus ? For Chriil: and we 
are halvers and joint-owners of one and the fame crofs : and, there- 
fore, he that knew well what fufTerings were, as he efleemed all 
things but lofs for Chrift, and did judge them but dung, fo did he 
alfo judge of them, " that he might know the fellowfhip of His 

* Ps. lxxii. 10. 


fufferings." * Oh, how fweet a fight is it, to fee a crofs betwixt 
Chrift and us, to hear our Redeemer fay, at every figh, and every 
blow, and every lofs of a believer, "Half mine !" So they are 
called "The fufferings of Chrift," and " the reproach of Chrift."f 
As, when two are partners and owners of a fhip, the half of the 
gain and half of the lofs belong to each of the two ; fo Chrift in 
our fufferings is half-gainer and half-lofer with us. Yea, the 
heavieft end of the black tree of the crofs lieth on your Lord : it 
falleth firft upon Him, and it but reboundeth off Him upon you : 
" The reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon 
Me."J Your fufferings are your treafure, and are greater riches than 
the treafures of Egypt. § And if your crofs come through Chrift's 
fingers ere it come to you, it receiveth a fair luftre from Him ; it 
getteth a tafte and reliffi of the King's fpikenard, and of heaven's 
perfume. And the half of the gain, when Chrift's fhipful of gold 
cometh home, mail be yours. It is an augmenting of your treasure 
to be rich in fuffering, " to be in labours abundant, in ftripes above 
meafure ;" || and to have the fufferings of Chrift abounding in you, ^f 
is a part of heaven's flock. Your goods are not loft which they 
have plucked from you, for your Lord hath them in keeping ; they 
are but arretted and feized upon. He fhall loofe the arrefL Ye 
fhall be fed with the heritage of Jacob, your father ; for the mouth 
of the Lord hath fpoken it. ** 

Till I fhall be on the hall-floor of the higheft palace, and get 
a draught of glory out of Chrift's hand, above and beyond time 
and beyond death, I fhall never (it is like) fee fairer days than I faw 
under that bleffed tree of my Lord's crofs. His kiffes then were 
king's kiffes. Thofe kiffes were fweet and foul-reviving ; one of 
them, at that time, was worth two and a half (if I may fpeak fo) 
of Chrift's week-day kiffes. Oh, fweet, fweet for evermore, to fee 
a rofe of heaven growing in as ill ground as hell ! and to fee Chrift's 
love, His embracements, His dinners and fuppers of joy, peace, faith, 

* Phil iii. 10. t Col. i. 24 ; Heb. xi. 26. % Ps. lxix. 9. 

§ Heb. xi. 26. || 2 Cor. xi. 23. 1" 2 Cor. i. 5. ** Ifa. lviii. 14. 


goodnefs, long-fuffering, and patience, growing and fp ringing like 
the flowers of God's garden, out of fuch ftony and curfed ground 
as the hatred of the prelates, and the malice of their High Com- 
miflion, and the AntichrhTs bloody hand and heart ! Is not here 
art and wifdom ? Is not here heaven indented in hell (if I may fay 
fo), like a jewel fet with fkill in a ring with the enamel of Chrift's 
crofs ? The ruby and riches of glory, that grow up out of the 
crofs, are beyond telling. Now, the blackefl: and hottefl: wrath, and 
moft fiery and all-devouring indignation of the Judge of men and 
angels, mail come upon them who deny our fweet Lord Jefus, and 
put their hand to that oath of wickednefs now prefled. The Lord's 
coal at their heart mail burn them up both root and branch. The 
eftates of great men that have done fo, if they do not repent, fhall 
confume away, and the ravens fhall dwell in their houfes, and their 
glory fhall be fhame. Oh, for the Lord's fake ! keep faft by Chrift, 
and fear not man that fhall die and wither as the grafs. The Deputy's 
bloom fhall fall, and the prelates fhall caft their flower, and the 
eaft wind of the Lord, of " the Lord flrong and mighty," fhall 
blaft and break them ; therefore, fear them not. They are but 
idols, that can neither do evil nor good. Walk not in the way of 
thofe people that flander the footfteps of our royal and princely 
anointed King Jefus, now riding upon His white horfe in Scotland. 
Let Jehovah be your fear. That decree of Zion's deliverance, 
pailed and fealed up before the throne, is now ripe and fhall bring 
forth a child, even the ruin and fall of the prelates' black kingdom, 
and the Antichrifl's throne, in thefe kingdoms. The Lord hath 
begun, and He fhall make an end. Who did ever hear the like of 
this ? Before Scotland travailed, fhe brought forth ; and before 
her pain came, fhe was delivered of a man-child. # 

And when all is done, fuppofe there were no fweetnefs in our 
Lord's crofs, yet it is fweet for His fake, for that lovely One, Jefus 
Chrift, whofe crown and royal fupremacy is the queftion this day 
in Great Britain, betwixt us and our adverfaries. And who would 


not think Him worthy of the fufFering for ? What is burning 
quick, what is drinking of our own heart's blood, and what is a 
draught of melted lead, for His glory ? Lefs than a draught of 
cold water to a thirfty man, if the right price and due value were 
put on that worthy, worthy Prince, Jefus ! Oh, who can weigh 
Him ! Ten thoufand thoufand heavens would not be one fcale, or 
the half of the fcale, of the balance to lay Him in. O black 
angels, in comparifon of Him ! O dim, and dark, and lightlefs 
fun, in regard of that fair Sun of righteoufnefs ! O fecklefs * and 
worthlefs heaven of heavens, when they ftand befide my worthy, 
and lofty, and high, and excellent Well-beloved ! O weak and 
infirm clay-kings ! O foft and feeble mountains of brafs, and 
weak created ftrength, in regard of our mighty and ftrong Lord of 
armies ! O foolifh wifdom of men and angels, when it is laid in 
the balance befide that fpotlefs, fubftantial Wifdom of the Father ! 
If heaven and earth, and ten thoufand heavens even (round about 
thefe heavens that now are), were all in one garden of paradife, 
decked with all the faireft rofes, flowers, and trees that can come 
forth from the art of the Almighty Himfelf ; yet fet but our one 
Flower that groweth out of the root of JefTe befide that orchard 
of pleafure, one look of Him, one view, one tafle, one fmell of His 
fweet Godhead would infinitely exceed and go beyond the fmell, 
colour, beauty, and lovelinefs of that paradife. Oh to be with child 
of His love ! and to be fuffocated (if that could be) with the fmell 
of His fweetnefs were a fweet fill and a lovely pain. O worthy, 
worthy, worthy lovelinefs ! Oh, lefs of the creatures, and more of 
Thee ! Oh, open the paflage of the well of love and glory on us, 
dry pits and withered trees ! O ! that Jewel and Flower of 
heaven ! If our Beloved were not miflaken by us, and unknown 
to us, He would have no fcarcity of wooers and fuitors. He would 
make heaven and earth both fee that they cannot quench His love, 
for His love is a fea. Oh to be a thoufand fathoms deep in this fea 
of love ! He, He Himfelf, is more excellent than heaven ; for 

* Unfubftantial. 


heaven, as it cometh into the fouls and fpirits of the glorified, is but 
a creature ; and He is fomething (and a great fomething) more than 
a creature. Oh, what a life were it to fit befide this Well of love, 
and drink and fing, and fing and drink ! and then to have defires 
and foul-faculties ftretched and extended out, many thoufand fathoms 
in length and breadth, to take in feas and rivers of love ! 

I earneftly defire to recommend this love to you, that this love 
may caufe you to keep His commandments, and to keep clean 
fingers, and make clean feet, that ye may walk as the redeemed of 
the Lord. Wo, wo be to them who put on His name, and fhame 
this love of Chrift, with a loofe and profane life ! Their feet, 
tongue, and hands, and eyes, give a fhamelefs lie to the holy Gofpel, 
which they profefs. I befeech you in the Lord, to keep Chrift and 
walk with Him : let not His fairnefs be fpotted and ftained by god- 
lefs living. Oh, who can find in their heart to fin againft love ? 
and fuch a love as the glorified in heaven fhall delight to dive into, 
and drink of for ever ? For they are evermore drinking in love, and 
the cup is ftill at their head ; and yet without loathing, for they ftill 
drink, and ftill defire to drink for ever and ever. Is not this a long- 
lafting fupper ? 

Now, if any of our country people, profefling Chrift Jefus, have 
brought themfelves under the ftroke and wrath of the Almighty, 
by yielding to Antichrift in an hair-breadth, but efpecially by fwear- 
ing and fubfcribing that blafphemous oath # (which is the Church 
of Ireland's black hour of temptation), I would entreat them, by 
the mercies of God at their laft fummons, to repent, and openly 
confefs before the world to the glory of the Lord their denial of 
Chrift. Or, otherwife, if either man or woman will ftand and 
abide by that oath, then, in the name and authority of the Lord 
Jefus, I let them fee that they forfeit their part of heaven ! And let 
them look for no lefs than a back-burden f of the pure, unmixed 
wrath of God, and the plague of apoftates and deniers of our Lord 

* See note at the beginning of the Letter. f A burden on their back. 

1639.] LETTER CCLXXXIX. 259 

Let not me, a ftranger to you, who never faw your face in the 
fleih, be thought bold in writing to you : for the hope I have of a 
glorious Church in that land, and the love of Chrilt, conltraineth 
me. I know that the worthy fervants of Chrilt, who once 
laboured among you, ceafe not to write to you alfo ; and I mail 
defire to be excufed that I do join with them. 

Pray for your fifter-Church in Scotland j and let me entreat 
you for the aid of your prayers for myfelf, and flock, and miniltry, 
and my fear of a tranfportation from this place of the Lord's vine- 
yard.* Now the very God of peace fanctify you throughout. 
Grace be with you all. 

Your brother and companion, in the kingdom and patience of 
Jefus Chrilt, 

S. R. 
Anwoth, 1639. 


CCLXXXIX. — To his Reverend and much honoured Brother, Dr 
Alexander Leighton, Chrifl's Prifoner in bonds at London, 

[Dr Alexander Leighton was defcended of an ancient family in 
Forfarfhire, whofe chief feat was Ulys-haven, or Ufen, near Montrofe. 
Befide ftudying for the Chriftian miniftry, he qualified himfelf as a phyfician, 
and, during the reign of James I., and the commencement of that of Charles 
I., practifed medicine in London, as well as exercifed his miniftry there ; but 
whether he had any fixed charge we are not informed. In his zeal for Pres- 
byterian principles, and againft the innovations Laud was labouring to intro- 
duce into the Englifh Church, he publifhed a work entitled " An Appeal to 
the Parliament ; or, Zion's Plea againft the Prelacy." For this work he was 
arrefted in 1629, and thrown into an abominable cell in Newgate. After lying 
there fixteen weeks in great mifery, he was ferved with an information of the 
crimes of which he was accufed, and charged to appear before the Star 
Chamber. He was then unable to attend, being under fevere diftrefs that 
brought the fkin and hair almoft wholly off his body ; but the Star Cham- 
ber, which had no bowels of companion, condemned the afflicted and aged 
divine to be degraded as a minifter, to have one of his ears cut off, and one 

* See note, Let. 286. The decifion of the Commiffion was, to tranflate 
him from Anwoth, and nominate him to the profefibrfhip at St Andrews. 

i6o LETTER CCLXXXIX. [1639. 

fide of his nofe (lit, to be branded on the face with a red-hot iron, to ftand in 
the pillory, to be whipped at a poft, to pay a fine of L.iooo, and to fuffer 
imprifonment till it be paid. When this inhuman fentence was pronounced, 
Laud took off his hat, and holding up his hands, gave thanks to God, who 
had given the Church victory over her enemies ! The fentence was executed 
without mercy ; and Leighton lay in prifon until the meeting of the Long 
Parliament, that is, upwards of ten years. When liberated, he could hardly 
walk, fee, or hear. He died in 1649. He was the father of the celebrated 
Robert Leighton, Archbifhop of Glafgow. When this letter was written to 
him by Rutherford, he had languished many years in prifon.] 


OF HOPE, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — It 
was not my part (whom our Lord hath enlarged) to 
forget you His prifoner. 

When I confider how long your night hath been, I think Chrifl 
hath a mind to put you in free grace's debt fo much the deeper, as 
your fufferings have been of fo long continuance. But what if 
Chrift mind you no joy but public joy, with enlarged and triumph- 
ing Zion. I think, Sir, that ye would love it bell: to fhare and 
divide your fong of joy with Zion, and to have myftical Chrifl: in 
Britain halfer and copartner with your enlargement. I am fure 
that your joy, bordering and neighbouring with the joy of Chrift's 
bride, would be fo much the fweeter that it were public. I 
thought if Chrifr. had halved my mercies, and delivered His bride 
and not me, that His praifes mould have been double to what they 
are ; but now two rich mercies conjoined in one have jftolen from 
our Lord more than half-praifes. Oh that mercy mould fo beguile 
us, and fteal away our counts and acknowledgment ! 

Worthy Sir, I hope that I need not exhort you to go on in 
hoping for the falvation of God. There hath not been fo much 
taken from your time of eafe and created joys, as eternity {hall add 
to your heaven. Ye know when one day in heaven hath paid you 
(yea, and overpaid your blood, bonds, forrow, and fufferings), that it 

1639.3 LETTER CCLXXXIX. 261 

would trouble angels' underftanding to lay* the count of that fur- 
plus of glory which eternity can and will give you. Oh but your 
fand-glafs of fufferings and lofTes cometh to little, when it mall be 
counted and compared with the glory that abideth you on the other 
fide of the water ! Ye have no leifure to rejoice and fing here, 
while time goeth about you, and where your pfalms will be fhort ; 
therefore, ye will think eternity, and the long day of heaven that 
fhall be meafured with no other fun, nor horologe,-]- than the long life 
of the Ancient of Days, to meafure your praifes, little enough for 
you. If your fpan-length of time be cloudy, ye cannot but think 
that your Lord can no more take your blood and your bands with- 
out the income and recompenfe of free grace, than He would take 
the fufFerings of Paul and his other dear fervants, that were well 
paid home beyond all counting.^ If the wifdom of Chrift hath 
made you Antichrift's eyefore and his envy, ye are to thank God 
that fuch a piece of clay, as ye are, is made the field of glory to 
work upon. It was the Potter's aim that the clay mould praife 
Him, and I hope it fatisfieth you that your clay is for His glory. 
Oh, who can fufTer enough for fuch a Lord ! and who can lay out 
in bank, enough of pain, fhame, lofTes, and tortures, to receive in 
again the free intereft. of eternal glory \ § Oh, how advantageous 
a bargaining is it with fuch a rich Lord ! If your hand and pen had 
been at leifure to gain glory on paper, it had been but paper glory : 
but the bearing of a public crofs fo long, for the now controverted 
privileges of the crown and fceptre of free King Jefus, the Prince 
of the kings of the earth, is glory booked in heaven. Worthy and 
dear brother, if ye go to weigh Jefus His fweetnefs, excellency, 
glory, and beauty, and lay foregainlt || Him your ounces or drachms 
of fufFering for Him, ye fhall be ftraitened two ways. I. It will be 
a pain to make the comparifon, the difproportion being by no under- 
ftanding imaginable : nay, if heaven's arithmetic and angels' were 
fet to work, they mould never number the degrees of difference. 

* To fettle ; balance. f Time-piece. J Rom. viii. 

§ z Cor. iv. 17. |j Oppofite to Him. 




2. It would ftraiten you to find a fcale for the balance to lay that 
high and lofty One (that over-tranfcending Prince of excellency) in. 
If your mind could fancy as many created heavens as time hath had 
minutes, trees have had leaves, and clouds have had rain-drops, 
fince the firft ftone of the creation was laid, they mould not make 
half a fcale in which to bear and weigh boundlefs excellency. And, 
therefore, the King whofe marks ye are bearing, and whofe dying 
ye carry about with you in your body, is, out of all cry* and con- 
fideration, beyond and above all our thoughts. 

For myfelf, I am content to feed upon wondering, fometimes, at 
the beholding but of the borders and fldrts of the incomparable 
glory which is in that exalted Prince. And I think ye could wifh 
for more ears to give than ye have,f fince ye hope thefe ears ye now 
have given Him mail be paiTages to take in the mufic of His glori- 
ous voice. I would fain both believe and pray for a new bride of 
Jews and Gentiles to our Lord Jefus, after the land of graven 
images fhall be laid wafte ; and that our Lord Jefus is on horfe- 
back, hunting and purfuing the Beafr. ; and that England and Ireland 
fhall be well-fweeped chambers for Chrift and His righteoufnefs to 
dwell in ; for He hath opened our graves in Scotland, and the two 
dead and buried % witnefies are rifen again, and are prophefying. Oh 
that princes would glory and boaft themfelves in carrying the train of 
ChrifVs robe royal in their arms ! Let me die within half an hour 
after I have feen the temple of the Son of God enlarged, and the 
cords of Jerufalem's tent lengthened, to take in a more numerous 
company for a bride to the Son of God ! Oh, if the corner or founda- 
tion-ftone of that houfe, that new houfe, were laid above my grave ! 

Oh ! who can add to Him who is that great All ! If He 
would create funs and moons, new heavens, thoufand and thoufand 
degrees more perfect than thefe that now are ; and again, make a 
new creation ten thoufand thoufand degrees in perfection beyond 
that new creation ; and again, ftill for eternity multiply new heavens, 
they mould never be a perfect reiemblance of that infinite excel- 

* Proclamation ; letting forth. 

f P. 2 6< 

% See note, p. 231. 

1640.] LETTER CCXC. 263 

lency, order, weight, meafure, beauty, and fweetnefs that is in Him. 
Oh, how little of Him do we fee ! Oh, how ihallow are our 
thoughts of Him ! Oh, if I had pain for Him, and ihame and 
lofTes for Him, and more clay and fpirits for Him ! and that I could 
go upon earth without love, defire, hope, becaufe Chrilt hath taken 
away my love, defire, and hope to heaven with Him ! 

I know, worthy Sir, your fufferings for Him are your glory ; 
and, therefore, weary not. His falvation is near at hand, and mail 
not tarry. 

Pray for me. His grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
St Andrews, Nov. 22, 1639. 

CCXC. — To a P erf on unknown, anent Private Worjhip in time and 
place of public* 

know a private worfhip, fet and intended, compatible 
with a public worfhip fet and intended. Ejaculations are 
fruits of public worfhip and breathings of the fpirit in public {peak- 
ing, but they are aliquid cultus publici, non cultus publicus (fomething 
akin to public worfhip, but not public worfhip). 2. I know not 
a member in the kirk who fhould have a worfhip in fpecie (in kind) 
different from the worfhip of the whole kirk ; and fo I do not fee 
(faving better judgment) a lawfulnefs of private fet praying, when 
there is another fet worfhip of praifing, reading, &c. 3. I doubt if 
there fhould be any fet worfhip in the kirk to which all the hearers 
fhould not fay Amen, even the rude and unbelievers. f But to a 
private prayer, when the worfhip is public, who can fay Amen ? 
4. I think the people may all fall to their private prayers and private 
reading, in time the minifter preacheth, if he fall to praying when 

* From a copy among the Wodrow MSS., vol. xxix., 4to, No. 13. 
f 1 Cor. xiv. 23-25. 

264 LETTER CCXCL [1640. 

they are praifing or hearing the word read. 5. I dare not fay they 
have a Pharifee's mind who pray in public after a private manner, 
and join not with the public fervice of the kirk. But in natura operis 
(in regard to the nature of the work), I think them more pharifaical 
than the other cafe is Brownifh. 6. Brownifm's life is in feparation ; 
but the private fupplicator, when the kirk is praifing and hearing 
the word read, in my weak judgment, is in the act of feparation ; 
that I mould not fay,* they are ignorant of Brownifm, who object 
this to fuch as will not kneel in pulpit. 7. Neither Scripture nor 
Act of our Affemblies doth allow this human cuftom. I think they 
dare not be anfwerable to a General Aflembly who dare call on 
them to cenfure for a human and unorderly cuftom againfl the 
word of God fo directly. 8. If fuch as go not to private pulpit 
prayer neglect private prayer before they come in public, they de- 
ferve cenfure. Whatever hath been my practice before I examined 
this cuftom, I purpofe now no more to confound worfhips. And 
thus recommending you to the grace of God, I reft, 

S. R. 

January 16, 1640. 

CCXCL — To Mr Henry Stuart, his Wife, and two Daughters, 
all Pr if oners of Chrift at Dublin. 

[Henry Stuart was a gentleman of confiderable property in Ireland. 
He himfelf, his wife, and family, confifting of two daughters and a domeftic 
fer\-ant named James Gray, having refufed to fwear the " Black Oath," were 
carried to Dublin by a ferjeant-at-arms, and placed in clofe and rigorous con- 
finement. On the 10th of Auguft 1639, a ^ of them were brought to trial in 
the Star Chamber, a court in which the fubftance as well as the forms of law 
andjuftice were alike difregarded. Stuart, being permitted to fpeak in his 
own defence, declared before the court, that he had no objection whatever to 
take the former part of the oath, u promifing chril allegiance, but that he 
could not take the latter part, which he conceived bound the fwearer to yield 
unlimited ecclefiajlical obedience to the King." Wentworth, who prefided at 
the trial, in reply, admitted that this interpretation of the oath was quite 
correct, and concluded by pronouncing the fentence of the court. Stuart 

* While at the fame time I may add. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCL 265 

was fined L.5000, and his wife a fimilar fum; his daughters, L.aooo each; 
and Gray, although only a fervant, L.2000 ; a fum of L. 16, 000 in all; and 
they were to be detained at Dublin in prifon till thefe exorbitant fines were 
paid. They were at length fet at liberty by the Irifh Parliament, which fet 
itlelf in 1641 to remedy the evils of Strafford's Government, after they had 
fuffered an imprifonment of a year and three months. But Stuart's property 
having been confifcated by Strafford, the family were reduced to great poverty. 
He retired to Scotland, of which he was a native, and applied, in the month 
of September 1641, to the Parliament fitting at Edinburgh, to recommend to 
the Englifh Parliament to take meafures for enabling him to recover his pro- 
perty. The Scottifh Parliament did fo, but the refult of their application is 
unknown. (RelcTs Hijiory of the Pre/by terian Church in Ireland, vol. i.)] 


" Fear none of thefe things, which ye mail naffer," &c. — Rev. ii. 10. 

— Grace, mercy, and peace be to you from God our 

Father, and our Lord Jefus. 
Think it not flrange, beJoved in our Lord Jefus, that Satan can 
command keys of prifons, and bolts, and chains. This is a piece of 
the devil's princedom that he hath over the world. Interpret and 
underftand our Lord well in this. Be not jealous of His love, 
though He make devils and men His under-fervants to fcour the 
ruft off your faith, and purge you from your drofs. And let me 
charge you, O prifoners of hope, to open your window, and to look 
out by faith, and behold heaven's pofl (that ipeedy and fwift falva- 
tion of God), that is coming to you. It is a broad river that faith 
will not look over : it is a mighty and a broad fea, that they of a 
lively hope cannot behold the furthefl: bank and other more thereof. 
Look over the water ; your anchor is fixed within the vail ; the one 
end of the cable is about the prifoner of Chrift, and the other is 
entered within the vail, whither the Forerunner is entered for you.* 
It can go ftraight through the flames of the fire of the wrath of 

* Heb. vi. 19, 20. 

266 LETTER CCXCL [1640. 

men, devils, lofles, tortures, death, and not a thread of it be Tinged 
or burnt : Men and devils have no teeth to bite it in two. Hold 
fail till He come. Your crofs is of the colour of heaven and Chrift, 
and paflmented * over with the faith and comforts of the Lord's 
faithful covenant with Scotland : and that dye and colour will abide 
foul weather, and neither be flamed nor cafr. the colour. Yet, it re- 
flects a fcadf like the crofs of Chrift, whofe holy hands, many a day 
lifted up to God, praying for finners, were fettered and bound, as 
if thofe bleiTed hands had ftolen, and fhed innocent blood. When 
your lovely, lovely Jefus had no better than the thief's doom, it is 
no wonder that your procefs be lawlefs and turned upfide down ; 
for He was taken, fettered, buffeted, whipped, fpitted upon, before 
He was convicted of any fault, or fentenced. Oh, fuch a pair of 
fufferers and witnefTes, as high and royal Jefus and a poor piece of 
guilty clay marrowed J together under one yoke ! Oh, how lovely 
is the crofs with fuch a fecond ! 

I believe that your prifon is enacted § in God's court, not to keep 
you till your hope breathe out its life and laft. Your crofs is under 
law to reftore you again fafe to your brethren and Afters in Chrift. 
Take heaven's and Chrift's back-bond || for a fair back-door out of 
your fuffering. The Saviour is on His journey with falvation and de- 
liverance for Mount Zion ; and the fword of the Lord is drunk with 
blood, and made fat with fatnefs. His fword is bathed in heaven 
againft Babylon, for it is " the day of the Lord's vengeance, and the 
year of recompenfe for the controverfy of Zion :" and perfuade your- 
lelves the ftreams of the river of Babylon fhall be pitch, and the duft 
of the land brimftone and burning pitch. ^ And if your deliverance be 
joined with the deliverance of Zion, it fhall be two falvations to you. 

It were good to be armed beforehand for death or bodily tortures 
for Chrift: ; and to think what a crown of honour it is, that God 
hath given you pieces of living clay to be tortured witneffes for 

* Ornamented. f AJbade, or refle&ion; a gleam of reflected light. 
X Paired. § Decreed. 

|| Bond to the effect that your previous bond fhall not injure you. 
•[ I fa. xxxiv. 8,9. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCL 267 

laving truth ; and that ye are fo happy, as to have fome pints of 
blood to give out for the crown of that royal Lord, who hath caufed 
you to avouch Himfelf before men. If ye can lend fines of three 
thoufand pounds fterling for Chrift, let heaven's regifter and Chrift's 
count-book keep in reckoning your depurfements # for Him. It 
(hall be engraven and printed in great letters upon heaven's throne, 
what you are willing to give for Him. Chrift's papers of that kind 
cannot be loft, or fall by.f 

Do not wonder to fee clay boift \ the great Potter, and to fee 
blinded men threaten the Gofpel with death and burial, and to raze 
out truth's name. But where will they make a grave for the Gos- 
pel, and the Lord's bride ? Earth and hell mail be but little bounds 
for their burial. Lay all the clay and rubbifh. of this inch of the 
whole earth above our Lord's Spoufe, yet it will not cover her nor 
hold her down ; fhe fhall live and not die ; flie fhall behold the 
falvation of God. Let your faith frift § God a little, and not be 
afraid for a fmoking firebrand. There is more fmoke in Babylon's 
furnace than there is fire. Till doomfday fhall come, they fhall 
never fee the kirk of Scotland and our Covenant burnt to afhes ; or, 
if it fhould be thrown into the fire, yet it cannot be fo burnt or 
buried as not to have a refurrection. Angry clay's wind fhall fhake 
none of Chrift's corn : He will gather in all His wheat into His 
barn. Only let your fellowfhip with Chrift be renewed. 

Ye are fibber || to Chrift now, when you are imprifoned for 
Him, than before •, for now the ftrokes laid on you do come in re- 
membrance before our Lord, and He can own His own wounds. 
A drink of Chrift's love, which is better than wine, is the drink- 
filver which fufFering for His majefty leaveth behind it. It is not 
your fins which they perfecute in you, but God's grace, and loyalty 
to King Jefus. They fee no treafon in you to your prince the King 
of Britain, albeit they fay fo ■, but it is heaven in you that earth is 
fighting againft. And Chrift is owning His own caufe. Grace is a 

Difburfements. f Fall aiide, be loll, J Boift, or threaten to give a blow 
Grant delay in payment. || More nearly related. 

268 LETTER CCXCL [1640. 

party that fire will not burn, nor water drown. When they have 
eaten and drunken you, their ftomach fhall be fick, and they fhall 
fpue you out alive. Oh, what glory is it to be fufTering abjecls* for 
the Lord's glory and royalty ! Nay, though His fervants had a 
body to burn for ever for this Gofpel, fo being that the high glory 
of triumphing and exalted Jefus did rife out of thefe flames, and out 
of that burning body, oh what a fweet fire ! oh what foul-refrefh- 
ing torment would that be ! What if the pickles \ of dufl and afhes 
of the burnt and diflblved body were muficians to fing His praifes, 
and the highnefs of that never-enough-exalted Prince of ages ? Oh, 
what love is it in Him that He will have fuch muficians as we are, 
to tune that pfalm of His everlafting praifes in heaven ! Oh, what 
mining and burning flames of love are thefe, that Chrift will divide 
His fhare of life, of heaven and glory, with you ! J A part of His 
throne, one draught of His wine (His wine of glory and life that 
cometh from under the throne of God and of the Lamb), and one 
apple of the tree of life, will do more than make up all the expenfes 
and charges of clay, lent out for heaven. Oh ! oh ! but we have 
fhort, and narrow, and creeping thoughts of Jefus, and do but fhape 
Chrift in our conceptions according to fome created portraiture ! 
O angels, lend in your help to make love-books and fongs of our 
fair, and white, and ruddy Standard-bearer amongft ten thoufand ! 
O heavens ! O heaven of heavens ! O glorified tenants, and tri- 
umphing houfeholders with the Lamb, put in new pfalms and love- 
fonnets of the excellency of our Bridegroom, and help us to fet Him 
on high ! O indwellers of earth and heaven, fea and air, and O all 
ye created beings within the bofom of the utmoft circle of this great 
world, oh come help to fet on high the praifes of our Lord ! O 
fairnefs of creatures, blufh before His uncreated beauty ! O created 
f trength, be amazed to ftand before your flrong Lord of hofts ! O 
created love, think fhame of thyfelf before this unparalleled love 
of heaven ! O angel-wifdom, hide thyfelf before our Lord, whofe 
underftanding pafleth finding out ! O fun in thy fhining beauty, 

* Ps. xxxv. 15. f Small particles. % Luke xxii. 29 ; John xvii. 24 ; Rev. hi. 21. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCL 269 

for fhame put on a web of darknefs, and cover thyfelf before thy 
brighteft Mafter and Maker ! Oh, who can add glory, by doing 
or fuffering, to the never-enough admired and praifed Lover ! Oh 
we can but bring our drop to this fea, and our candle, dim and dark 
as it is, to this clear and lightsome Sun of heaven and earth ! Oh 
but we have caufe to drink ten deaths in one cup dry, to fwim through 
ten feas, to be at that land of praifes, where we mall fee that wonder 
of wonders, and enjoy this Jewel of heaven's jewels ! O death, do 
thy utmoft againft us ! O torments, O malice of men and devils, 
waite your flrength on the witnefTes of our Lord's Teftament ! O 
devils, bring hell to help you in tormenting the followers of the 
Lamb ! We will defy you to make us too foon happy, and to waft 
us too foon over the water to the land where the noble Plant, the 
Plant of Renown, groweth. O cruel time, that tormenteth us, and 
fufpendeth our deareft enjoyments that we wait for, when we fhall 
be bathed and fteeped, foul and body, down in the depths of this 
Love of Loves ! O time, I fay, run faft ! O motions, mend your 
pace ! O Well-beloved, be like a young roe on the mountains of 
feparation ! Poll:, poft, and haften our defired and hungered-for 
meeting. Love is fick to hear tell of to-morrow. 

And what, then, can come wrong to you, O honourable witnefTes 
of His kingly truth ? Men have no more of you to work upon 
than fome inches and fpan-lengths of fick, coughing, and phlegmatic 
clay. Your fpirits are above their benches, courts, or high com- 
miffions. Your fouls, your love to Chrift, your faith, cannot be 
fummoned nor fentenced, nor accufed nor condemned, by pope, 
deputy, prelate, ruler, or tyrant. Your faith is a free lord, and 
cannot be a captive. All the malice of hell and earth can but 
hurt the fcabbard of a believer ; and death, at the worft, can get 
but a clay pawn* in keeping till your Lord makef the King's keys, 

* A fecurity of clay or earth. Often, in his fermon on Dan. vi. a6, be- 
fore Houfe of Commons, 1644, he ufes fuch expreffions as, <( Clay triumpheth 
over angels and hell, through the ftrength of Jefus" (p. 8) ; " Men are but 
pieces of breathing, laughing, and then dying clay" (p. 41). 

f Is it not "take?" 

270 LETTER CCXCL [1640. 

and open your graves. Therefore, upon luck's head* (as we ufe 
to fay) take your fill of His love, and let a poft-way or caufeway 
be laid betwixt your prifon and heaven, and go up and vifit your 
treafure. Enjoy your Beloved, and dwell upon His love, till eter- 
nity come in time's room, and poffefs you of your eternal happinefs. 
Keep your love to Chrift, lay up your faith in heaven's keeping, 
and follow the Chief of the houfe of the martyrs that witnefTed a 
fair confeflion before Pontius Pilate. Your caufe and His is all 
one. The oppofers of His caufe are like drunken judges and 
tranfported, who, in their cups, would make acts and laws in their 
drunken courts that the fun mould not rife and fhine on the earth, 
and fend their officers and purfuivants to charge the fun and moon 
to give no more light to the world ; and would enact in their court- 
books, that the fea, after once ebbing, mould never flow again. But 
would not the fun, moon, and fea break thefe acts, and keep their 
Creator's directions ? The devil (the great fool, and father of thefe 
under-fools) is older and more malicious than wife, that fetteth the 
fpirits in earth on work to contend and clafri with heaven's wifdom, 
and to give mandates and law-fummons to our Sun, to our great 
Star of heaven, Jefus, not to fhine in the beauty of His Gofpel to 
the chofen and bought ones. O thou fair and faireft Sun of 
righteoufnefs, arife and fhine in Thy ftrength, whether earth or hell 
will or not. O victorious, O royal, O flout, princely Soul-con- 
queror, ride profperoufly upon truth ; flretch out Thy fceptre as 
far as the fun fhineth, and the moon waxeth and waneth. Put on 
Thy glittering crown, O Thou Maker of kings, and make but one 
flride, or one flep of the whole earth, and travel in the greatnefs of 
Thy flrength.f And let Thy apparel be red, and all dyed with 
the blood of Thy enemies. Thou art fallen righteous Heir by line 
to the kingdoms of the world. 

Laugh ye at the giddy-headed clay pots 4 and flout, brain-fick 
worms, that dare fay in good earnefl, " This man fhall not reign 

* On the chance of winning. f Ifa. lxiii. 1, 2. 

X See note p. 269, potfherds of earth. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCL 271 

over us !" as though they were catting the dice for Chrift's crown, 
which of them mould have it. I know that ye believe the coming 
of Chrift's kingdom ; and that there is a hole out of your prifon, 
through which ye fee daylight. Let not faith be dazzled with 
temptations from a dying deputy,* and from a fick prelate. Believe 
under a cloud, and wait for Him when there is no moonlight nor 
ftarlight. Let faith live and breathe, and lay hold on the fure 
falvation of God, when clouds and darknefs are about you, and 
appearance of rotting in the prifon before you. Take heed of un- 
believing hearts, which can father lies upon Chrift. Beware of 
" Doth His promife fail for evermore ?"f For it was a man, and 
not God, that faid it, who dreamed that a promife of God could 
fail, fall afwoon, or die. We can make God fick, or His promifes 
weak, when we are pleafed to feek a plea with Chrift. O fweet, 
O ftout word of faith, " Though He flay me, yet will I truft in 
Him ! " J O fweet epitaph, written upon the grave-ftone of a dying 
believer, namely, " I died hoping, and my duft and afhes believe in 
life ! " Faith's eyes, that can fee through a mill-ftone, can fee 
through a gloom § of God, and under it read God's thoughts of 
love and peace. Hold faft Chrift in the dark ; furely ye mail fee 
the falvation of God. Your adverfaries are ripe and dry for the 
fire. Yet a little while, and they fhall go up in a flame ; the breath 
of the Lord, like a river of brimftone, fhall kindle about them.j| 

What I write to one, I write to you all that are found-hearted 
in that kingdom, whom, in the bowels of Chrift, I would exhort 
not to touch that oath. Albeit the adverfaries put a fair meaning on 
it, yet the fwearer muft fwear according to the profefTed intent and 
godlefs practice of the oath-makers, which is known to the world. 
Otherwife I might fwear that The Creed is falfe, according to this 
private meaning and fenfe put upon it. Oh, let them not be beguiled 
to warn perjury and the denial of Chrift and the Gofpel with ink 
water, fome foul and rotten diftinctions. Warn, and wafh. again and 
again, the devil and the lie, it will be long ere their fkin be white. 

* P. 252. f Ps. lxxvii. 8. X Job. xiii. 15. § Frown. || Ifa. xxx. 33. 

272 LETTER CCXCIL [1640. 

I profefs it mould befeem men of great parts rather than me to 
write to you. But I love your caufe, and defire to be excufed ; and 
muft entreat for the help of your prayers, in this my weighty charge 
here for the univerfity and pulpit, and that ye would intreat your 
acquaintance alfo to help me. Grace be with you all. Amen. 

Your brother and companion, in the patience and kingdom of 
Jefus Chrilt, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, 1640. 

CCXCIL— To Mrs Pont, Pr'ifoner at Dublin. 

[Mrs Pont, whofe maiden name was Ifabel Stewart, was the wife of 
Mr Pont, minifter of a parifh in the diocefe of Raphoe, in which he had 
probably been fettled under the aufpices of the tolerant Bifhop Knox. Pont 
u was noted for declining to ufe the prefcribed ceremonies of the Church, 
and for condemning in his fermons the increafing feverities towards non-con- 
formifts, together with the unfcriptural jurifdi&ion of the prelates. It appears 
that he had alfo held meetings for worfhip and public preaching, contrary to 
the canons ; and that his wife had in fome way fignalized herfelf by her 
oppofition to Prelacy, and her frequenting thefe more private aflemblies." 
John Leflie, Bifhop of Raphoe, reporting the matter to Wentworth, who 
again had immediate recourfe to his fpiritual advifer, Archbifhop Laud, the 
Bifhop of Raphoe was recommended to deprive Pont of his benefice, and " to 
proceed againft his wife in fuch way as her fault deferves, and the laws will 
bear." Pont himfelf efcaped to Scotland, but his wife was apprehended, and 
imprifoned in the caftle of Dublin. She lay in prifon nearly three years, not 
being liberated till 1641, by the Irifh Parliament. In May 1641, (he pre- 
fented a petition to the Irifh Houfe of Commons, againft the Bifhop of 
Raphoe, for committing her to prifon, and charging her with high treafon, 
folely on his own authority. The Houfe refolved that the Bifhop, by his 
illegal conduct, had involved himfelf in the penalties of the ftatute of prae- 
munire ; but no further proceedings appear to have been taken againft him. 
"In thefe proceedings," fays Dr Reid, "Mrs Pont is ftyled, ' Mrs Ifabel 
Pont alias Stewart, widow;' whence it appears that her hufband muft 
have died foon after he had fled to Scotland." (Reid's Hi/iory of the Prejby- 
terian Church in Ireland, vol. i.) This lady afterwards came over to Scot- 
land, and died on the 9th of November 1704. Wodrow vifited her re- 
peatedly under her laft illnefs, and found her mind very comfortable. He 
calls her " this extraordinary perfon." On vifiting her the night preceding 

1640.] LETTER CCXCIL 273 

her death, fhe laid to him, u I never had fo few temptations as now. I am 
only waiting God's time of departure." Again calling upon her next morning, 
he fays, " I think her laft breath went out juft when I religned her to God, as 
far as I could notice, about feven in the morning." (Ana/efta, vol. i., p. SS')~] 


and peace be to you. — The caufe which ye fufTer for, 
and your willingnefs to fufTer, is ground enough of 
acquaintance for me to write to you ; although I do confefs myfelf 
unable to fpeak for the encouragement of a prifoner of Chrift. 

I know that ye have advantage beyond us who are not under 
fufTerings ; for your fighing* is a written bill for the ears of your 
Head, the Lord Jefus ; and your breathing,f and your looking up.J 
And, therefore, your meaning, half-fpoken, half-unfpoken, will 
feek no jailor's leave, but will go to heaven without leave of prelate 
or deputy, and be heartily welcome ; fo that ye may figh and groan 
out your mind to Him who hath all the keys of the king's three 
kingdoms and dominions. I dare believe that your hope mall not 
die. Your trouble is a part of Zion's burning ; and ye know who 
guideth Zion's furnace, and who loveth the afhes of His burnt 
bride, becaufe His fervants love them.§ I believe that your afhes, 
if ye were burnt for this caufe, fhall praife Him : for the wrath of 
men and their malice mail make a pfalm to praife the Lord. || And, 
therefore, ftand ftill, and behold and fee what the Lord is to do for 
this island. His work is perfect, % The nations have not feen the 
laft end of His work ; His end is more fair and more glorious than 
the beginning. 

Ye have more honour than ye can be able to guide well, in 
that your bonds are made heavy for fuch an honourable caufe. The 
feals of a controlled ## Gofpel, and the feals by bonds, and blood, 
and fufTerings, are not committed to every ordinary profeflbr. Some 

* Ps. cii. 20. f Lam. iii. 56. t Ps. v. 3, and lxix. 3. 

§ Ps. cii. 14. || Ps. lxxvi. 10. 1" Deut. xxxii. 4. 

** The Gofpel, the preaching of which men are feeking to hinder. 
VOL. 11. S 

274 LETTER CCXC1I. [1640. 

that would back Chrifl honeftly in fummer-time, would but fpill* 
the beauty of the Gofpel if they were put to fufFering. And, 
therefore, let us believe that Wifdom difpenfeth to every one here, 
as He thinketh good, who beareth them up that bear the crofs. 
And fince our Lord hath put you to that part which was the flower 
of His own fufferings, we all expect that, as ye have in the ftrength 
of our Captain begun, fo ye will go on without fainting. Provi- 
dence maketh ufe of men and devils for the refining of all the vefTels 
of God's houfe, fmall and great, and for doing of two great works 
at once in you, both for fmoothing a flone to make it take bandf 
with Chrift. in Jerufalem's wall, and for witneffing to the glory of 
this reproached and borne-down Gofpel, which cannot die though 
hell were made a grave about it. It mail be timeousj joy for you, 
to divide joy betwixt you and ChrifVs laughing bride in thefe three 
kingdoms. And what if your mourning continue till myftical Chrift 
(in Ireland and in Great Britain) and ye laugh both together ? Your 
laughing and joy were the more blefTed, that one fun mould fhine 
upon Chrift, the Gofpel, and you, laughing altogether in thefe three 
kingdoms. Your time is meafured, and your days and hours of 
fufFering from eternity were, by infinite Wifdom, confidered. If 
heaven recompenfe not to your own mind inches of forrow, then I 
muff fay that infinite Mercy cannot get you pleafed ; but if the firff 
kifs of the white and ruddy cheek of the Standard-bearer and Chief 
among ten thoufand thoufand,§ mail overpay your prifon at Dublin, 
in Ireland, then ye fhall have no counts unanfwered to give in to 
Chrift. If your faith cannot fee a nearer term-day, yet let me 
charge your hope to give Chrift a new day, till eternity and time 
meet in one point. A paid fum, if ever paid, is paid if no day be 
broken to the hungry creditor. Take heaven's bond and fubfcribed 
obligation for the fum. || If hope can truft Chrift, I know that He 
can, and will pay. But when all is done and fufFered by you, ten 
hundred deaths for lovely, lovely Jefus is but eternity's halfpenny ; 

* Spoil. t Unite, as mortar does with a ftone. 

X Seafonable and early. § Cant. v. 10. || John xiv. 3. 

[640.] LETTER CCXCIII. 275 

figures and cyphers cannot lay the proportion. Oh, but the fiirplus 
of Chrift's glory is broad and large ! Chrift's items of eternal glory 
are hard and cumberfome to tell ; and if ye borrow, by faith and 
hope, ten days or ten hundred years from that eternity of glory that 
abideth you, ye are paid and more, in your own hand. Therefore, 
O prifoner of hope, wait on ; potting, hafting falvation fleepeth not. 
Antichrift is bleeding, and in the way to death ; and he biteth the 
foreft, when he bleedeth the fafteft. Keep your intelligence betwixt 
you and heaven, and your court with Chrift. He hath in heaven 
the keys of your prifon, and can fet you at liberty when He pleafeth. 
His rich grace fupport you. I pray you to help me with your 
prayers. Grace be with you. 

Your brother, in the patience and kingdom of Jefus Chrift, 
St Andrew's, 1640. S. R. 

CCXCIII.— To Mr James Wilson. 

[There was a cotemporary of that name, the minifter of Inch, in the Pres- 
bytery of Stranraer. There was alfo a James Wilfon who was a friend of 
Blair, and minifter of Dyfart in 1653. (See Row's Life of Blair.) This letter 
indicates that the correfpondent was a man of thought and education.] 


EAR BROTHER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be multi- 
plied upon you. — I blefs our rich and only wife Lord, 
who careth fo for His new creation that He is going 
over it again, and trying every piece in you, and blowing away the 
motes of His new work in you. Alas ! I am not fo fit a phyfician 
as your difeafe requireth. Sweet, fweet, lovely Jefus be your 
phyfician, where His under-chirurgeons* cannot do anything for 
putting in order the wheels, paces, \ and goings of a marred \ foul. 

* Under-furgeons. t Weights. 

X A foul that has been put out of order. The edition of 1675, and fome 
others, has ii married foul." 

276 LETTER CCXCIIL [1640. 

I have little time; but yet the Lord hath made me fo to concern 
myfelf in your condition, that I dow not,* I dare not, be altogether 

Firft : ye doubt, from 2 Cor. xiii. 5, whether ye be in Chrift or 
not ? and fo, whether you are a reprobate or not ? I anfwer three 
things to the doubt. — I. Ye owe charity to all men, but molt of all 
to lovely and loving Jefus, and fome also to your felf ; efpecially to 
your renewed felf, becaufe your new felf is not yours, but another 
Lord's, even the work of His own Spirit. Therefore, to (lander His 
work is to wrong Himfelf. Love thinketh no evil : if ye love grace, 
think not ill of grace in yourfelf. And ye think ill of grace in your- 
felf when ye make it but a baftard and a work of nature ; for a holy 
fear that ye be not ChrifVs, and withal a care and a defire to be 
His, and not your own, is not, nay cannot be, baftard nature. The 
great Advocate pleadeth hard for you ; be upon the Advocate's fide, 

poor feared f client of Chrift ! Stay, and fide with fuch a Lover, 
who pleadeth for no other man's goods than His own ; for He (if 

1 may fay fo) fcorneth to be enriched with unjufr. conqueft.J And 
yet He pleadeth for you, whereof your letter (though too, too full 
of jealoufy§) is a proof. For, if ye were not His, your thoughts 
(which, I hope, are but the fuggeftions of His Spirit, that only 
bringeth the matter into debate to make it fure to you) would not 
be fuch, nor fo ferious as thefe, " Am I His ?" or " Whofe am I ?" 
2. Dare ye forfwear your Owner, and fay in cold blood, "lam 
not His ? " What nature or corruption faith at ftarts || in you, I re- 
gard not. Your thoughts of yourfelf, when fin and guiltinefs round f 
you in the ear, and when you have a fight of your defervings, are 
Apocrypha ; and not Scripture, I hope. Hear what the Lord faith 
of you : " He will fpeak peace." If your Matter fay, " I quit you," 
I mail then bid you eat allies for bread, and drink waters of gall 
and wormwood. But, however Chrift out of His own mouth 
mould feem to fay, " I come not for thee," as He did, Matt. xv. 24; 

* Am not able. f Alarmed. J Acquifition. § Sufpicion. 

|| Occafionally, by fits and ftarts. % Whifper, or found into the ear. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCIll. 277 

yet let me fay, that the words of tempting Jefus* are not to be 
ftretched as Scripture, beyond His intention, feeing His intention in 
fpeaking them is to ftrengthen, not to deceive. And, therefore, here 
faith may contradict what Chrift feemeth at firfl to fay, and fo may 
ye. I charge you by the mercies of God, be not thatf cruel to grace 
and the new birth as to caft water on your own coal by misbelief. 
If ye muff die (as I know ye fhall not), it were a folly to flay your- 
felf. 3. I hope that ye love the new birth and a claim to Chrift, 
howbeit ye do not make it good ; and if ye were in hell, and faw 
the heavenly face of lovely, ten thoufand times lovely Jefus, that hath 
God's hue, and God's fair, fair and comely red and white, where- 
with it is beautified beyond comparifon and imagination, ye could 
not forbear to fay, " Oh, if I could but blow a kifs from my fin- 
ful mouth from hell up to heaven, upon His cheeks that are a bed 
of fpices as fweet flowers !"J I hope ye dare fay, "O faireft 
fight of heaven ! O boundlefs mafs of crucified and flain love for 
me, give me leave to wifh to love Thee ! O Flower and Bloom 
of heaven and earth's love ! O angels' Wonder ! O Thou, the 
Father's eternal, fealed Love ! and O Thou, God's old Delight ! 
give me leave to ftand befide Thy love, and look in and wonder ; 
and give me leave to wifh. to love Thee, if I can do no more." 
4. We being born in atheifm, and bairns § of the houfe that we are 
come of, it is no new thing, my dear brother, for us to be under 
jealoufies || and miftakes about the love of God. What think ye of 
this, that the man, Chrift, was tempted to believe there were but 
two perfons in the blefTed Godhead, and that the Son of God, the 
fubftantial and coeternal Son, was not the lawful Son of God ? 
Did not Satan fay, " If Thou be the Son of God ?" 

Secondly : Ye fay, that ye know not what to do. Your Head 
laid once the fame word, or not far from it. " Now is My foul 
troubled, and what fhall I fay?"f And faith anfwered Chrift's 
" What fhall I fay ?" with thefe words : " O tempted Saviour, afkeft 

* Of Jefus, when He puts us to trial. f So truly. % Cant. v. 13. 
§ Children brought up in the houfe. || Sufpicions. % John xii. 27. 

278 LETTER CCXCIIL [1640. 

Thou, 'What fhall I fay?' Say, 'Pray, Father, fave Me from 
this hour.'" What courfe can ye take but pray and frill # Chrift. 
His own comforts ? He is no dyvour ; take His word. " Oh," 
fay ye, "I cannot pray ?" Anfwer — Honeft fighing is faith breath- 
ing and whifpering Him in the ear. The life is not out of faith 
where there is fighing, looking up with the eyes, and breathing 
toward God. Hide not Thine ear at my breathing.f " But what 
fhall I do in fpiritual exercifes ?" ye fay. Anfwer — I. If ye knew 
particularly what to do, it were not a fpiritual exercife. 2. In my 
weak judgment, ye mould firft fay, "I would glorify God in be- 
lieving David's falvation, and the Bride's marriage with the Lamb, 
and love the Church's flain Hufband, although I cannot for the 
prefent believe mine own falvation." 3. Say, " I will not pafs from 
my claim : fuppofe Chrift mould pafs from His claim to me, it fhall 
not go back upon my fide. Howbeit my love to Him be not worth 
a drink of water, yet Chrift fhall have it, fuch as it is." 4. Say, 
" I fhall rather fpill \ twenty prayers, than not pray at all. Let my 
broken words go up to heaven : when they come up into the Great 
Angel's golden cenfer, that compafTionate Advocate will put to- 
gether my broken prayers, and perfume them." Words are but 
the accidents § of prayer. 

" Oh," fay ye, " I am flain with hardnefs of heart, and troubled 
with confufed and melancholious || thoughts." Anfwer — My dear 
brother, what would ye conclude thence ? That ye know not well 
who aughtethf you ? I grant : " Oh, my heart is hard ! oh, my 
thoughts of faithlefs forrow ! Ergo, I know not who aughteth 
me," were good logic in heaven amongfl angels and the glorified ; 
but down in Chrift's hofpital, where fick and diftempered fouls are 
under cure, it is not worth a ftraw. Give Chrift time to end His 
work in your heart. Hold on, in feeling and bewailing your hard- 
nefs •, for that is foftnefs to feel hardnefs. 2. I charge you to make 
pfalms of Chrifl's praifes for His begun work of grace. Make 

* Grant delay in payment. f Lam. iii. 56. % Spoil. 

§ The incidental accompaniments. || Melancholy. 

% Poflefleth as his property. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCIV. 279 

Chrift your muiic and your fong ; for complaining and feeling ot 
want doth often fwallow up your praifes. What think ye of thofe 
who go to hell never troubled with fuch thoughts ? If your exer- 
cifes be the way to hell, God help me ! I have a cold coal to blow 
at, and a blank paper for heaven. I give you Chrift. caution, # 
and my heaven furety, for your falvation. Lend Chrift your 
melancholy, for Satan hath no right to make a chamber in your 
melancholy. Borrow joy and comfort from the Comforter. Bid 
the Spirit do His office in you ; and remember that faith is one 
thing, and the feeling and notice of faith another. God forbid 
that feeling were proprium quarto modo\ to all the faints ; and that 
this were good reafoning, " No feeling, no grace." I am fure ye 
were not always, thefe twenty years by-paft, actually knowing that 
ye live ; yet all this time ye are living. So it is with the life of faith. 

But, alas ! dear brother, it is eafy for me to fpeak words and 
fyllables of peace; but Ifaiah telleth you, " I create peace." J There 
is but one Creator, ye know. Oh that ye may get a letter of peace 
fent you from heaven ! 

Pray for me, and for grace to be faithful, and for gifts to be 
able, with tongue and pen, to glorify God. I forget you not. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 
St Andrew's, Jan. 8, 1640. S. R. 

CCXCIV.— To my Lady Boyd. 


ADAM, — I received your Ladyihip's letter ; but becaufe 
I was ftill going through the country for the affairs of 
the Church, I had no time to anfwer it. 

* Chrift as fecurity 

t Like " accidents," p. 278. This is a term of logic, and refers to the 
fourth kind of categorical proportion, in which fome particular point is proved 
in the negative. % !&• lvii. 19. 

280 LETTER CCXCIV. [1640. 

I had never more caufe to fear than I have now, when my Lord 
hath reftored me to my fecond created heaven on earth, and hath 
turned my apprehended fears into joys, and great deliverance to His 
Church, whereof I have my mare and part. Alas ! that weeping 
prayers, anfwered and fent back from heaven with joy, mould not 
have laughing praifes ! Oh that this land would repent, and lay 
burdens of praifes upon the top of the fair Mount Zion ! Madam, 
except this land be humbled, a Reformation is rather my wonder 
than belief, at this time. But furely it muft be a wonder, and what 
is done already is a wonder. Our Lord muft reftore beauty to 
His churches without hire ; for we are fold without money, and 
now our buyers repent them of the bargain, and would gladly give 
again better-cheap* than they bought us. They devoured Jacob, and 
eat up His people as bread ; now Jacob is growing a living child in 
their womb, and they would fain be delivered of the child, and ren- 
der the birth. Our Lord mail be midwife. Oh that this land be 
not like Ephraim, " An unwife fon, that ftayeth too long in the 
place of the breaking forth of children ! " Your Ladyfhip is bleffed 
with children who are honoured to build up Chrift's wafte places 
again. I believe that your Ladyfhip will think them well beftowed 
on that work, and that Zion's beauty is your joy. This is a mark 
and evidence from heaven, which helpeth weak ones to hold their 
grip,f when other marks fail them. 

I hope that your Ladyfhip is at a good underftanding with 
Chrift, and that, as becometh a Chriftian, ye take Him up aright; for 
many miftake and misfhape Chrift in His comings and goings. Your 
wants and falls proclaim that ye have nothing of your own but 
what ye borrow ; nay, yourfelf is not your own, but Chrift hath 
given Himfelf to you. Put Chrift. to the bank, and heaven fhall be 
your intereft and income. Love Him, for ye cannot over-love Him. 
Take up your houfe in Chrift. Let Him dwell in you, and abide in 
Him ; and then ye may look out of Chrift, and laugh at the clay- 
heavens that the fons of men are feeking after on this fide of the 

* At a lower price. t Firm hold. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCIV. 281 

water. Chrift mindeth to make your loffes grace's great advantage. 
Chrift will lofe nothing of you ; nay, not even your fins, for He 
hath a ufe for them, as well as for your fervice ; howbeit ye are to 
loathe yourielf for thefe. I hope that ye fetch all the heaven ye 
have here in this life from that which is up above, and that your 
anchor is caften as high and deep as Chrift. (Oh, but it is far and 
many a mile to the bottom ! ) If I had known long fince, as I do 
now (though ftill, alas ! I am ignorant), what was in Chrift, I would 
not have been fo late in ftarting to the gate* to feek Him. Oh what 
can I do or fay to Him who hath made the North render me back 
again ! A grave is no fure prifon to Him for the keeping of dry bones. 
Wo is me, that my foolifh forrow and unbelief, being on horfeback, 
did ride fo proudly and witleflly over my Lord's providence ! But 
when my faith was afleep, Chrift was awake ; and now, when I 
am awake, I fay He did all things well. O infinite wifdom ! O in- 
comparable loving-kindnefs ! Alas, that the heart I have is fo little 
and worthlefs for fuch a Lord as Chrift is ! Oh what oddsf find the 
faints in hard trials, when they feel fap at their roots, betwixt them 
and fun-burned, withered profeflbrs ! Croffes and ftorms caufe them 
to caft their blooms and leaves. Poor worldlings, what will ye do 
when the fpan-length of your forenoon's laughter is ended, and 
when the weeping fide of providence is turned to you ? 

I put all the favours which ye have beftowed on my brother 
upon Chrift's fcore; in whofe books are many fuch counts, and who 
will requite them. I wifii you to be builded more and more upon 
the ftone laid in Zion, and then ye fhall be the more fit to have a 
hand in rebuilding our Lord's fallen tabernacle in this land ; in 
which ye fhall find great peace when ye come to grips % with death, 
the king of terrors. 

The God of peace be with your Ladyfhip, and keep you blame- 
lefs till the day of our Lord Jefus. 

Your Ladyfhip's, at all obedience in his fweet Lord and Mafter, 
St Andrew's. S. R. 

Setting out with alacrity. f Difference. % Come to clofe fighting. 

282 LETTER CCXCV. [1640. 

CCXCV. — To his very dear Friend, John Fenwick. 

[Mr John Fenwick was an Englishman, who fuffered confiderably for 
non-conformity. He feems to be the fame perfon mentioned in Row's Life of 
R. Blair. He fays that "John Fenwick was one of the belt of the Com- 
miffioners fent by Cromwell to vifit the Univerfities." He was a Puritan and 



mercy, and peace be to you. — The neceflary impedi- 
ments of my calling have hitherto kept me from mak- 
ing a return to your letter, the heads whereof I fhall now briefly 

I approve of your going to the Fountain, when your own ciftern 
is dry. A difference there muft be betwixt Chrift's well and your 
borrowed water ; and why* but ye have need of emptinefs and 
drying up, as well as ye have need of the well ? Want and a hole 
there mull: be in our vefTel, to leave room to Chrifl's art. His well 
hath its own need of thirfty drinkers, to commend infinite love 
which, from eternity, did brew fuch a cellar of living waters for us. 

Ye commend His free love ; and it is well done. Oh, if I 
could help you ! and if I could be matter-convener to gather an 
earth-full and an heaven-full of tongues, dipped and fteeped in my 
Lord's well of love, or His wine of love, even tongues drunken 
with His love, to raife a fong of praifes to Him, betwixt the eafl 
and weft end, and furtheft points of the broad heavens ! If I were 
in your cafe (as, alas ! my dry and dead heart is not now in that 
garden), I would borrow leave to come and ftand upon the banks 
and coafls of that fea of love, and be a feafted foul to fee love's fair 

* Why object, although ye have. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCV. 283 

tide, free love's high and lofty waves, each of them higher than ten 
earths, flowing in upon pieces of loft clay. Oh, welcome, wel- 
come, great fea ! Oh, if I had as much love, for widenefs and 
breadth, as twenty outmoft fhells and fpheres of the heaven of 
heavens, that I might receive in a little flood of His free love ! 
Come, come, dear friend, and be pained that the King's wine-cellar 
of free love, and His banqueting-houfe (oh fo wide, fo ftately ! oh 
fo God-like, fo glory-like ! ) fhould be fo abundant, fo overflowing, 
and your fhallow veflel fo little to take in fome part of that love. 
But fince it cannot come into you for want of room, enter yourfelf 
into this fea of love, and breathe under thefe waters, and die of 
love ; and live as one dead and drowned of this love. 

But why do ye complain of waters going over your foul, and 
that the fmoke of the terrors of a wrathful Lord do almoft fuffocate 
you, and bring you to death's brink ? I know that the fault is in 
your eyes, not in Him. It is not the rock that fleeth and moveth, 
but the green failor. If your fenfe and apprehenfion be made judge 
of His love, there is a graven image made prefently, even a changed 
god, and a foe-god, who was once ("When ye wafhed your 
fteps with butter, and the rock poured you out rivers of oil"*) a 
Friend-God. Either now or never, let God work. Ye had never, 
fince ye were a man, fuch a fair field for faith ; for a painted hell, 
and an apprehenfion of wrath in your Father, is faith's opportunity 
to try what ftrength is in it. Now, give God as large a meafure of 
charity as ye have of forrow. Now, fee faith to be faith indeed, if 
ye can make your grave betwixt Chrift's feet, and fay, " Though 
He fhould flay me, I will truft in Him. His believed love fhall be 
my winding-fheet, and all my grave-clothes ; I fhall roll and few in 
my foul, my flain foul, in that web, His fweet and free love. And 
let Him write upon my grave, * Here lieth a believing dead man, 
breathing out and making a hole in death's broadfide, and the 
breath of faith cometh forth through the hole.'" See now if ye 
can overcome and prevail with God, and wreftle God's tempting to 

* Job xxix. 6 

284 LETTER CCXCV. [1640. 

death, quite out of breath, as that renowned wreftler did : " And by 
His ftrength He had power with God ; yea, He had power over 
the angel and prevailed."* He is a ftrong man indeed who over- 
matcheth heaven's Strength, and the Holy One of Ifrael, the ftrong 
Lord : which is done by a fecret fupply of divine ftrength within, 
wherewith the weakeft, being itrengthened, overcome and conquer. 
It fhall be great victory, to blow out the flame of that furnace ye 
are now in, with the breath of faith. And when hell, men, malice, 
cruelty, falfehood, devils, the feeming glooms of a fweet Lord, 
meet you in the teeth, if ye then, as a captive of hope, as one 
fettered in hope's prifon, run to your ftronghold, even from God 
glooming to God glooming, f and believe the falvation of the Lord 
in the dark, which is your only victory, your enemies (that are but 
pieces of malicious clay) fhall die as men, and be confounded. But, 
that your troubles are many at once, and arrows come in from all 
airths, \ from country, friends, wife, children, foes, eflate, and right 
down from God who is the hope and flay of your foul, I confefs is 
more, and very heavy to be borne. Yet all thefe are not more than 
grace ; all thefe bits of coals caften into your fea of mercy cannot 
dry it up. Your troubles are many and great ; yet not an ounce- 
weight beyond the meafure of infinite wifdom, I hope, nor beyond 
the meafure of grace that He is to beftow. For our Lord never yet 
brake the back of His child, nor fpLLLed § His own work. Nature's 
plaflering and counterfeit work He doth often break in fhreds, and 
putteth out a candle not lighted at the Sun of righteoufnefs ; but 
He muft cherifh His own reeds, J and handle them foftly (never a 
reed getteth a thrufl with the Mediator's hand ! ) , to lay together the 
two ends of the reed. Oh, what bands and ligaments hath our 
Chirurgeon f of broken fpirits, to bind up all His lame and bruifed 
ones with ! Caft your disjointed fpirit into His lap ; and lay your 
burden upon One who is fo willing to take your cares and your 

* Hofea xii. 3, 4. f Frowning. % Quarters of the compafs. 

§ Spoiled. || I fa. xlii. 3. 

^ Surgeon (the Latin cbirurgus), our Healer of broken fpirits. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCV. 285 

fears off you, and to exchange and niffer* your crofTes, and to give 
you new for old, and gold for iron ; even to give you garments of 
praife for the fpirit of heavinefs. 

It is true, in great part, what ye write of this kirk, that the letter 
of religion only is reformed, and fcarce that. I do not believe our 
Lord will build His Zion in this land upon this fkin of reformation. 
So long as our fcum remaineth, and our heart-idols are kept, this 
work muft be at a ftand ; and, therefore, our Lord muft yet fift 
this land, and fearch us with candles. And I know that He will give 
and not fell us His kingdom. His grace and our remaining guilti- 
nefs muft be compared ; and the one muft be feen in the glory of 
it, and the other in the finfulnefs of it. But I defire to believe, and 
would gladly hope to fee, that the glancing and mining luftre of 
glory coming from the diamonds and ftones fet in the crown of our 
Lord Jefus ihall caft rays and beams many thoufand miles about. 
I hope that Chrift is upon a great marriage ; and that His wooing 
and fuitingf of His excellent Bride doth take its beginning from us, 
the ends of the earth. Oh, what joy and what glory would I judge 
it, if my heaven mould be fufpended till I might have leave to run 
on foot to be a witnefs of that marriage-glory, and fee Chrift put 
on the glory of His laft-married bride, and His laft marriage-love 
on earth ; when He mail enlarge His love-bed, and fet it upon the 
top of the mountains, and take in the Elder Sifter, the Jews, and the 
fulnefs of the Gentiles ! It were heaven's honour and glory upon 
earth to be His lackey, to run at His horfe's foot, and hold up the 
train of His marriage-robe royal, in the day of our high and royal 
Solomon's efpoufals. But oh, what glory to have a feat, or bed, in 
the chariot of King Jefus, that is bottomed with gold, and paved, 
and lined over, and floored within with love, for the daughters of 
Jerufalem ! % To lie upon fuch a King's love, were a bed next to 
the flower of heaven's glory. 

I am forry to hear you fpeak in your letter of a " God angry at 
you," and of " the fenfe of His indignation ;" which only arifeth 

Barter. f Seeking in marriage. % Cant. iii. 10. 

286 LETTER CCXCV. [1640. 

from fuffering for Jefus all that is now come upon you. Indeed, 
" apprehended wrath " flameth out of fuch afhes as " apprehended 
fin," but not from " fuffering for Chrifl." But, fuppofe ye were in 
hell for bygones* and for old debt, I hope ye owe Chrifl a great 
fum of charity, to believe the fweetnefs of His love. I know what 
it is to fin in that kind. It is to fin (if it were poflible) the un- 
changeablenefs of a Godhead out of Chrill, and to fin away a lovely 
and unchangeable God. Put more honefl apprehenfions upon 
Chrill:. Put on His own mafic upon His face, and not your vail 
made of unbelief, which fpeaketh as if He borrowed love to you, 
from you and your demerits and finful defervings. Oh, no ! 
Chrill: is man, but He is not like man. He hath man's love in 
heaven, but it is luflredf with God's love, and it is very God's love 
ye have to do with. When your wheels go about, He ftandeth 
flill. Let God be God. And be ye a man, and have ye the de- 
ferring of man, and the fin of one who hath fuffered your Well- 
beloved to flip away, nay, hath refufed Him entrance when He 
was knocking, till His head and locks were frozen : yet what is 
that to Him ? His book keepeth your name, and is not printed and 
reprinted, and changed, and corrected. And why butj He mould 
go to His place, and hide Himfelf ? Howbeit His departure be 
His own good work, yet the belief of it, in that manner, is your 
fin. But wait on till He return with falvation, and caufe you to 
rejoice in the latter end. It is not much to complain ; but rather 
believe than complain, and fit in the dufl, and clofe your mouth, 
till He make your fown light grow again. For your afflictions are 
not eternal ; time will end them, and fo fhall ye at length fee the 
Lord's falvation. His love fleepeth not, but is flill working for 
you. His falvation will not tarry nor linger ; and fuffering for Him 
is the noblefl crofs that is out of heaven. Your Lord had the wale § 
and choice of ten thoufand other crofTes befide this, to exercife you 
withal ; but His wifdom and His love waled and choofed out this 

* Bypaft matters. t Made to mine. 

% Why object, although He go. § Selection. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCV. 287 

for you, befide them all. And take it as a choice one, and make 
ufe of it fo as ye look to this world as your ftepmother, in your 
borrowed prifon. For it is a love-look to heaven and the other 
fide of the water that God feeketh ; and this is the fruit, the 
flower and bloom growing out of your crofs, that ye be a dead man 
to time, to clay, to gold, to country, to friends, wife, children, and 
all pieces of created nothings ; for in them there is not a feat nor 
bottom for foul's love. Oh, what room is for your love (if it were 
as broad as the fea) up in heaven, and in God ! And what would 
not Chrift give for your love ? God gave fo much for your foul ; 
and bleffed are ye if ye have a love for Him, and can call in. your 
foul's love from all idols, and can make a God of God, a God of 
Chrift, and draw a line betwixt your heart and Him. If your 
deliverance came not, Chaff's prefence and His believed love muff 
ftand as caution and furety for your deliverance, till your Lord fend 
it in His bleffed time. For Chrift hath many falvations, if we could 
fee them ; and I would think it better-born comfort and joy that 
cometh from the faith of deliverance, and the faith of His love, than 
that which cometh from deliverance itfelf. It is not much matter, 
if ye find eafe to your afflicted foul, what be the means, either of 
your own wifhing or of God's choofing. The latter, I am fure, is 
beft, and the comforts ftrongeft and fweeteft. Let the Lord abfo- 
lutely have the ordering of your evils and troubles ; and put them 
off you by recommending your crofs and your furnace to Him who 
hath fldll to melt His own metal, and knoweth well what to do 
with His furnace. Let your heart be willing that God's fire have 
your tin, and brafs, and drofs. To confent to want corruption is 
a greater mercy than many profeffors do well know ; and to refer 
the manner of God's phyfic to His own wifdom, whether it be by 
drawing blood, or giving fugared drinks. That He cureth fick folks 
without pain, is a great point of faith ; and to believe Chrifl's crofs 
to be a friend, as He Himfelf is a Friend, is also a fpecial act of 
faith. But when ye are over the water, this cafe fhall be a yefterday 
paft a hundred years ere ye were born ; and the cup of glory fhall 
warn the memory of all this away, and make it as nothing. Only 


now take Chrifl in with you under your yoke, and let patience have 
her perfect work ; for this hafle is your infirmity. The Lord is 
rifing up to do you good in the latter end ; put on the faith of His 
falvation, and fee Him porting and halting towards you. 

Sir, my employments (being fo great) hinder me to write at more 
length. Excufe me ; I hope to be mindful of you. I mall be obliged 
to you, if ye help me with your prayers for this people, this college, 
and my own poor foul. 

Grace be with you. Remember my love to your wife. 
Yours, in Chrift Jefus, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, Feb. 13, 1640. 

CCXCVI. — To the much honoured Peter Stirling. 

[He may have been related to James Stirling, minifter of Paifley, who, 
along with Sir J. Stuart of Goodtrees, wrote " Naphtali " or to John Stir- 
ling, minifter of Edinburgh, one who fuffered much, and is referred to in 
the notice to Letter 92, Ephraim Melvin.] 


ceived yours, and cannot but be afhamed that miftaken 
love hath brought me into court* and account in the 
heart of God's children, efpecially of another nation. I mould not 
make a lie of the grace of God, if I mould think I have little mare 
of it myfelf. Oh, how much better were it for me to ftand in the 
counting-table of many for a halfpenny, and to be efteemed a liker\ 
rather than a lover of Chriit. ! If I were weighed, vanity would 
bear down the fcale, as having weight in the balance above me, 
except my lovely Saviour mould cafl in befide me fome of His 

* Influence and favour. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCVL 289 

borrowed worth. And oh if I were writing now fincerely in this 
extenuation, which may be (and I fear is) fubtle and cozening pride! 
I would I could love fomething of heaven's worth, in you and all 
of your metal. O how happy were I, if I could regain and con- 
quer back from the creature my fold and loft love, that I might 
lay it upon heaven's Jewel, that ever, ever blooming Flower of the 
higheft garden, even my foul-redeeming and never-enough prized 
Lord Jefus ! Oh that He would warn my love, and put it on the 
Mediator's wheel, and refine it from its drofs and tin, that I might 
propine and gift* that Lord, fo love- worthy, with all my love! 
Oh, if I could fetf a leafe of thoufands of years, and a fufpenfion 
of my part of heaven's glory, and frift, J till a long day, my defired 
falvation, fo being that I could, in this lower kitchen and under- 
vault of His creation, be feafted with His love, and that I might be 
a footftool to His glory before men and angels ! Oh, if He would 
let out heaven's fountain upon withered me, dry and faplefs me ! 
If I were but fick of love for His love. And oh, how would that 
ficknefs delight me ! How fweet mould that eafing and refrefhing 
pain be to my soul ! 

I mail be glad to be a witnefs, to behold the kingdoms of the 
world become Chrift's. I could ftay out of heaven many years to 
fee that victorious triumphing Lord act that prophefied part of His 
foul-conquering love, in taking into His kingdom the greater fifter, 
that kirk of the Jews, who fometime§ courted our Well-beloved for 
her little fifter ; || to behold Him fet up as an enfign and banner of 
love, to the ends of the world. And truly we are to believe that 
His wrath is ripe for the land of graven images, and for the falling 
of that millftone into the midft of the fea. 
Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, March 6, 1640. 

* Make a prefent of, and give away. f Give a leafe. 

% Delay payment of. § Once. || Cant. viii. 8. 


290 LETTER CCXCVII. [1640. 

CCXCVIL— To the Lady Fingask. 

[This lady has been fuppofed to be Lady Anne Moncrieff, wife of 
Sir John Dundas of Fingaik in Perthfhire. She was daughter of William 
MoncriefF of that ilk, and her mother was one of the Murray s of Abercarnie. 
See notice prefixed to the letter to " The Laird of MoncriefF." At the fame 
time, it is not impoffible that Rutherford, who was then at St Andrew's, may 
be writing to a lady in the neighbourhood ; for we find (Inquifit. Retornat. 
Abbreviat.) that the anceftors of the martyr Thomas Forret poffefled the eftate 
of " Fyngq/k, in regalitate San&ae Andreae."] 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — Though 
not acquainted, yet, at the defire of a Chriftian, I make 
bold to write a line or two unto you, by way of counfel, 
howbeit I be moil unfit for that. 

I hear, and I blefs the Father of lights for it, that ye have a 
fpirit fet to feek God, and that the pofture of your heart is to look 
heavenward, which is a work and call: of the Mediator ChrifVs right 
hand, who putteth on the heart a new frame. For the which I 
would have your Ladyfhip to fee a tie and bond of obedience laid upon 
you, that all may be done, not fo much from obligation of law, as from 
the tie of free love ; that the law of ranfom-paying by Chrift. may 
be the chief ground of all our obedience, feeing that ye are not under 
the law, but under grace. Withal, know that unbelief is a fpiritual 
fin, and fo not feen by nature's light ; and that all which confcience 
faith is not Scripture. Suppofe that your heart bear witnefs againfl 
you for fins done long ago : yet, becaufe many have pardon with 
God that have not peace with themfelves, ye are to ftand and fall 
by ChrifVs efteem and verdict of you, and not by that which your 
heart faith. Suppofe it may, by accident, be a good fign to be 
jealous* of your heavenly Hufband's love, yet it is a finful fign; as 

* Sufpicious. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCVIL 291 

there be fome happy fins (if I may fpeak fo), not of themfelves, 
but becaufe they are neighboured with faith and love. And fo, 
worthy Lady, I would have you to hold by this, that the ancient 
love of an old hufband ftandeth firm and fure. And let faith hing* 
by this fmall thread, that He loved you before He laid the corner- 
ftone of the world, and therefore He cannot change His mind ; 
becaufe He is God, and refteth in His love. Neither is fin in you 
a good reafbn wherefore ye mould doubt of Him, or think, becaufe 
fin hath put you in the courtefy and reverence \ of juftice, that 
therefore He is wroth with you : neither is it prefumption in you to 
lay the burden of your falvation on One mighty to lave, fo being 
that ye lay afide all confidence in yourfelf, your worth and righteous- 
nefs. True faith is humble, and feeth no way to efcape but only 
in Chrift. And I believe that ye have put an efteem and high price 
upon Chrift : and they cannot but believe, and fo be faved, who 
love Chrift, and to whom He is precious ; for the love of Chrift 
has chofen Chrift. as a lover. And it were not like God, if ye 
mould choofe Him as your liking, and He not choofe you again. 
Nay, He hath prevented \ you in that, for ye have not chofen Him, 
but He hath chofen you. 

Oh confider His lovelinefs and beauty, and that there is nothing 
which can commend and make fair heaven, or earth, or the crea- 
ture, that is not in Him in infinite perfection ; for fair fun and fair 
moon are black, and think fhame to fhine before His fairnefs.§ 
Bafe heavens, and excellent Jefus ! weak angels, and ftrong and 
mighty Jefus ! foolifh angel-wifdom, and only wife Jefus ! fhort- 
living creature, and long-living and ever-living Ancient of days ! 
Miferable, and fickly, and wretched are thofe things that are with- 
in time's circle, and only, only bleffed Jefus ! If ye can wind-in 
into His love (and He giveth you leave to love Him, and allure- 
ments alfo), what a fecond heaven's paradife, a young heaven's 
glory, is it to be hot and burned with fevers of love-ficknefs for 

* Hang on. f Power (Jamiefon). See Let. 30. 

X Anticipated ; was firft in coming. § I fa. xxiv. 13 ; Job xxv. 5. 

292 LETTER CCXCVIU. [1640. 

Him ! And the more your Ladyfhip drink of this love, there is the 
more room, and the greater delight and defire for this love. Be 
homely,* and hunger for a feaft and fill of His love ; for that is 
the borders and marchf of heaven. Nothing hath a nearer refem- 
blance to the colour, and hue, and luftre of heaven than Chrift 
loved, and to breathe out love-words and love-fighs for Him. Re- 
member what He is. When twenty thoufand millions of heaven's 
lovers have worn their hearts threadbare of love, all is nothing, yea, 
lefs than nothing, to His matchlefs worth and excellency. Oh fo 
broad and fo deep as the fea of His defirable lovelinefs is ! Glori- 
fied fpirits, triumphing angels, the crowned and exalted lovers of 
heaven, ftand without J His lovelinefs, and cannot put a circle on it. 
Oh if fin and time were from betwixt us and that royal King's love ! 
that high Majefty (eternity's Bloom and Flower of high luftred 
beauty) might mine upon pieces of created fpirits, and might bedew 
and overflow us, who are portions of endlefs mifery and lumps of 
redeemed fin. 

Alas ! what do I ? I but fpill § and lofe words in fpeaking 
highly of Him who will bide and be above the mufic and fongs of 
heaven, and never be enough praifed by us all ; to whofe boundlefs 
and bottomlefs love I recommend your Ladyfhip, and am, 
Your Ladyfhip's, in Chrift Jefus, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, March 27, 1640. 

CCXCVIU. — To his Reverend and dear Brother, Mr David 
Dickson, on the Death of his Son. 


the houfe whereof ye are a branch : the crofs is a part 
of the liferent that lieth to all the fons of the houfe. 

* Familiar. f Boundary line. % Ps. vii. 11. § Spoil. 


I defire to fufFer with you, if I could take a lift* of your houfe-trial 
off you •, but ye have preached it ere I knew anything of God. 
Your Lord may gather His rofes, and make His apples, at what 
feafon of the year He pleafeth. Each hufbandman cannot make 
harveft when he pleafeth, as He can do. Ye are taught to know 
and adore His fovereignty, which He exercifeth over you, which 
yet is luftred-j- with mercy. The child hath but changed a bed in 
the garden, and is planted up higher, nearer the fun, where he 
(hall thrive better than in this outfield muir-ground.J Ye mult 
think your Lord would not want him one hour longer ; and fince 
the date of your loan of him was expired (as it is, if ye read the 
leafe), let Him have His own with gain, as good reafon were. I 
read on it an exaltation and a richer meaiure of grace, as the fweet 
fruit of your crofs ; and I am bold to fay, that that college where 
your Mafter hath fet you now mall find it. 

I am content that Chrift is fo homely § with my dear brother 
David Dickfon, as to borrow and lend, and take and give with him. 
And ye know what are called the vifitations of fuch a friend : it is, 
Come to the houfe, and be homely with what is yours. I perfuade 
myfelf, upon His credit, that He hath left drink-money, and that 
He hath made the houfe the better of Him. I envy|| not His 
waking f love, who faw that this water was to be palled through, 
and that now the number of crofies lying in our way to glory are 
fewer by one than when I faw you. They muft decreafe. It is 
better than any ancient or modern commentary on your text, that 
ye preach upon in Glafgow. Read and fpell right, for He knoweth 
what He doeth. He is only lopping and fnedding** a fruitful tree, 
that it may be more fruitful. I congratulate heartily with you His 
new welcome to your new charge. 

Deareft brother, go on, and faint not. Something of yours is 

* Part of the load. f Made fhining. 

% The part of the farm lying wafte, and covered with heath. 

§ Familiar. •■* || Grudge not, fret not at. 

% Not afleep and inactive. ** Pruning ; making neat. 

294 LETTER CCXCIX. [1640. 

in heaven, befide the flefh of your exalted Saviour •, and ye go on 
after your own. Time's thread is fhorter by one inch than it was. 
An oath is fworn and paft the feals, whether afflictions will or not, 
ye mult grow, and fwell out of your mell, and live, and triumph, 
and reign, and be more than a conqueror. For your Captain, who 
leadeth you on, is more than conqueror, and He maketh you par- 
taker of His conquefl and victory. Did not love to you compel 
me, I would not fetch water to the well, and fpeak to one who 
knoweth better than I can do what God is doing with him. 

Remember my love to your wife, to Mr John,* and all friends 
there. Let us be helped by your prayers, for I ceafe not to make 
mention of you to the Lord, as I can. 

Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
St Andrew's, May 28, 1640. 

CCXCIX. — To my Lady Boyd, on the lofs offeveral Friends. 


IAD AM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — Impute 
it not to a difrefpective-j- forgetfulnefs of your Lady (hip, 
who miniffered to me in my bonds, that I write not to 

I wifh. that I could fpeak or write what might do good to your 
Ladyfhip ; efpecially now when I think we cannot but. have deep 
thoughts of the deep and bottomlefs ways of our Lord, in taking 
away, with a fudden and wonderful ftroke, your brethren and 

* Dickfon's eldeft ion, who became Clerk to the Exchequer of Scotland, 
f Difrefpefti've is the old form of difrefpeclful. Sibbs ufes " refpeclive" for 
"full ofrefpect." 

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1640.] LETTER CCXCIX. 295 

friends. Ye may know, that all who die for fin die not in fin •, and 
that " none can teach the Almighty knowledge." He anfwereth 
none of our courts, and no man can fay, " What doeft Thou ?" It 
is true that your brethren faw not many fummers •, but adore and 
fear the fovereignty of the great Potter, who maketh and marreth 
His clay-vefTels when and how it pleafeth Him. 

The under-garden is abfolutely His own, and all that groweth 
in it. His abfolute liberty is law-biding.* The flowers are His 
own. If fome be but fummer apples, He may pluck them down 
before others. Oh what wifdom is it to believe, and not to difpute ; 
to fubjecl: the thoughts to His court, and not to repine at any acl 
of His juftice ? He hath done it : all flefh be filent ! It is im- 
poflible to be fubmiflive and religioufly patient, if ye ftay your 
thoughts down among the confufed rollings and wheels of fecond 
caufes ; as, " Oh the place !" " Oh the time !" " Oh if this had 
been, this had not followed!" "Oh the linking of this accident 
with this time and place ! " Look up to the mafter-motion and the 
firft wheel. See and read the decree of Heaven and the Creator 
of man, who breweth death to His children, and the manner of it. 
And they fee far into a millftone, and have eyes that make a hole 
to fee through the one fide of a mountain to the other, who can 
take up His ways. " How unfearchable are His judgments, and 
His ways pail finding out ! " His providence halteth not, but goeth 
with even and equal legs. Yet are they not the greateft finners 
upon whom the tower of Siloam fell. Was not time's leafe expired ? 
and the fand of heaven's fand-glafs, fet by our Lord, run out ? Is 
not he an unjuft debtor who payeth due debt with chiding ? 

I believe, Chriftian lady, your faith leaveth thatf much charity 
to our Lord's judgments as to believe (howbeit ye be in blood fib J 
to that crofs) that yet ye are exempted and freed from the gall and 
wrath that is in it. I dare not deny but " the king of terrors 
dwelleth in the wicked man's tabernacle : brimftone fhall be Icat- 

* Will endure the trial by law. f So. 

\ Nearly related to. 

296 LETTER CCXCIX. [1640. 

tered on his habitation ; " # yet, Madam, it is fafe for you to live upon 
the faith of His love whofe arrows are over-watered f and pointed % 
with love and mercy to His own, and who knoweth how to take 
you and yours out of the roll and book of the dead. Our Lord 
hath not the eyes of flefh in diftributing wrath to the thoufandth 
generation without exception. Seeing ye are not under the law, 
but under grace, and married to another Hufband, wrath is not the 
court that you are liable to. 

As I would not wifh, neither do I believe, that your Ladyfhip 
doth " defpife" fo neither " faint." § Read and fpell aright all the 
words and fyllables in the vifitation, and mifcall || neither letter nor 
fyllable in it. Come along with the Lord, and fee ; and lay no 
more weight upon the law than your Chrift hath laid upon it. If 
the law's bill get an anfwer from Chrift, the curfes of it can do 
more. And I hope you have refolved that, if He mould grind 
you to powder, your duft and powder will believe His falvation. 

And who can tell what thoughts of love and peace our Lord 
hath to your children ? I trufl He will make them famous in exe- 
cuting the written judgments upon the enemies of the Lord (" this 
honour have all the faints" f), and that they mail bear ftones on 
their moulders for building that fair city that is called, " The Lord is 
there."** And happy mail they be who have a hand in the facking 
of Babel, and come out in the year of vengeance for the controverfy 
of Zion, againft the land of graven images. Therefore, Madam, let 
the Lord make out of your father's houfe any work, even of judg- 
ment, that He pleafeth. What is wrath to others is mercy to you 
and your houfe. It is faith's work to claim and challenge loving- 
kindnefs out of all the roughed ftrokes of God. Do that for the 
Lord which ye will do for time : time will calm your heart at that 
which God hath done, and let our Lord have it now. What love 
ye did bear to friends now dead, feeing they (land now in no need of 

* Job xviii. 15. f Plated over. Let. 284. 

% " Point," is to fill the crevices of a wall with mortar. 

§ Prov. iii. 11. || Mifname. ^ Ps» cxlix. 9. ** Ezek. xlviii. 35. 

1640.] LETTER CCXCIX. 297 

it, let it fall as juft legacy to Chrift. Oh how fweet to put out many 
ftrange lovers, and to put in Chrift ! It is much for our half-flain 
affections to part with that which we believe we have right unto ; 
but the fervant's will mould be our will, and he is the heft fervant 
who retaineth leaft of his own will and moil of his Matter's. That 
much wifdom muff be afcribed to our Lord, that He knoweth how 
to lead His own, in-through and out-through * the little time-hells 
and the pieces of time-during wraths in this life •, and yet keep 
fafe His love, without any blur upon the old and great feal of free 
election. And, feeing His mountains of brafs, the mighty and flrong 
decrees of free grace in Chrift, fland fure, and the covenant ftandeth 
fail: for ever as the days of heaven, let Him ftrike and nurture.f 
His ftriking muft be a very act of faving, feeing ftrokes upon His 
fecret ones come from the foft and heavenly hand of the Mediator, 
and His rods are fleeped and watered in that flood and river of love 
that cometh from the God-man's heart of our foul-loving and foul- 
redeeming Jesus. 

I hope that ye are content to frill: % the Cautioner § of mankind 
His own conqueft,|| heaven, till He pay to you, and bring you to a 
flate of glory, where He will never crook f a finger upon, nor lift a 
hand to you again. And be content, and withal greedily covetous 
of grace, the intereft and pledge of glory. If I did not believe 
your crop to be on the ground, and (your part of that heaven of 
the faints-heaven) white and ruddy, fair, fair, and beautiful Jefus 
were come to the bloom and the flower, and near your hook,** I 
would not write this. But, feeing time's thread is fhort, and ye 
are upon the entry of heaven's harveft, and Chrift, the field of 
heaven's glory, is white and ripe-like, the lofTes that I wrote of to 
your Ladyfhip are but fummer-fhowers that will only wet your 
garments for an hour or two, and the fun of the New Jerufalem 
fhall quickly dry the wet coat ± efpecially feeing rains of affliction 

* From fide to fide ; from end to end. f Ufe difcipline. 

J Allow delay in afking payment. § Surety. || Acquilition by purchafe. 

f Bend. ** Sickle. 

298 LETTER CCC. [1640. 

cannot ftain the image of God, or caufe grace to caft colour. And, 
fince ye will not alter upon Him who will not change upon you, I 
durft, in my weaknefs, think myfelf no fpiritual feer if I mould not 
prophefy that daylight is near, when fuch a morning-darknefs is 
upon you ; and that this trial of your Chriftian mind towards Him 
(whom you dare not leave, howbeit He mould Hay you) mail clofe 
with a doubled mercy. It is time for faith to hold faft as much of 
Chrift as ever ye had, and to make the grip* ftronger, and to 
cleave clofer to Him, feeing Chrift loveth to be believed in and 
trufted to. The glory of laying ftrength upon one that is mighty 
to fave is more than we can think. That piece of fervice, believing 
in a fmiting Redeemer, is a precious part of obedience. Oh what 
glory to Him to lay over the burden of our heaven upon Him that 
purchafed for us an eternal kingdom ! O blefTed foul, who can 
adore and kifs His lovely free grace ! 

The rich grace of Chrift be with your fpirit. 

Yours, at all obedience in Chrift Jefus, 

8. R. 
St Andrew's, Oct. 15, 1640. 

CCC. — To Agnes Macmath, on the Death of a Child. 

[Agnes Macmath was the daughter of Mr Macmath, a merchant in 
Edinburgh, and the fifter of Rutherford's fecond wife.] 


EAR SISTER,— If our Lord hath taken away your 
child, your leafe of him is expired ; and feeing that 
y Chrift would want him no longer, it is your part to 
hold your peace, and worfhip and adore the fovereignty and liberty 
that the Potter hath over the clay, and pieces of clay-nothings, that 
He gave life unto. And what is man to call and fummon the 
Almighty to His lower court down here ? " for He giveth account 


1640.] LETTER CCC. 299 

of none of His doings." And if ye will take a loan of a child, and 
give him back again to our Lord laughing (as His borrowed goods 
mould return to Him), believe that he is not gone away, but fent 
before ; and that the change of the country mould make you think, 
that he is not loft to you who is found to Chrift, and that he is 
now before you j and that the dead in Chrift fhall be raifed again. 
A going-down ftar is not annihilated, but mail appear again. If he 
hath caften his bloom and flower, the bloom is fallen in heaven, 
into Chrift's lap. And as he was lent a while to time, fb is he 
given now to eternity, which will take yourfelf. The difference 
of your flapping and his to heaven and Chrift's fhore, the land of 
life, is only in fome few years, which weareth every day fhorter ; 
and fome fhort and foon-reckoned fummers will give you a meeting 
with him. But what ! With him ? Nay, but with a better com- 
pany ; with the Chief and Leader of the heavenly troops, that are 
riding on white horfes, that are triumphing in glory. 

If death were a fleep that had no wakening, we might forrow : 
but our Hufband fhall quickly be at the bedfides of all that lie 
fleeping in the grave, and fhall raife their mortal bodies. Chrift 
was death's Cautioner,* who gave His word to come and loofe all 
the clay-pawns,f and fet them at His own right hand •, and our 
Cautioner, Chrift, hath an act of law-furety upon death, to render 
back his captives. And that Lord Jefus, who knoweth the turn- 
ings and windings that are in that black trance J of death, hath 
numbered all the fteps of the ftair up to heaven. He knoweth how 
long the turnpike § is, or how many pair of ftairs high it is ; for 
He afcended that way Himfelf : "I was dead and am alive." || And 
now He liveth at the right hand of God, and His garments have 
not fo much as a fmell of death. 

Your afflictions- fmell of the children's cafe ; the bairns of the 
houfe are fo nurtured.^! And fuffering is no new life, it is but the 

* Surety. t Pledges of clay, viz., the bodies of His people. 

X Paflage ; tranfitus. § Winding ftair. || Rev. i. 18. 

r Disciplined; Heb. xii. 6, 7, 8. 

300 LETTER CCCI. [1640. 

rent of the fons ; baftards have not fo much of the rent. Take 
kindly and heartfomely * with His crofs, who never yet flew a child 
with the crofs. He breweth your cup : therefore, drink it patiently 
and with the better will. Stay and wait on, till Chrift. loofe the 
knot that fafteneth His crofs on your back ; for He is coming to 
deliver. And I pray you, filter, learn to be worthy of His pains 
who correcteth. And let Him wring,f and be ye wafhen •, for He 
hath a Father's heart, and a Father's hand, who is training you up, 
and making you meet for the high hall. This fchool of fuffering is 
a preparation for the King's higher houfe ; and let all your vifita- 
tions fpeak all the letters of your Lord's fummons. They cry — I. 
" O vain world !" 2. " O bitter fin !" 3. " O fhort and uncertain 
time !" 4. " O fair eternity that is above ficknefs and. death ! " 5. 
" O kingly and princely Bridegroom, haften glory's marriage, 
morten time's ihort-fpun and foon-broken thread, and conquer fin ! " 
6. " O happy and bleiTed death, that golden bridge laid over by 
Chrift my Lord, between time's clay-banks and heaven's more!" 
And the Spirit and the Bride fay, "Come!" and anfwer ye with 
them, " Even fo, come, Lord Jefus ! come quickly ! " 
Grace be with you. 

Your Brother, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, Oct. 15, 1640. 

CCCI. — To Mr Matthew Mowat. 



to anfwer you ? Alas ! my books are all bare, and 
(how me little of God. I would fain go beyond books 

* Cheerfully. t Squeeze out the water. 

1640.] LETTER CCCL 301 

into His houfe-of-love to Himfelf. Dear brother, neither you nor 
I are parties worthy of His love or knowledge. Ah ! how hath 
fin bemifted* and blinded us, that we cannot fee Him. But for 
my poor felf ; I am pained and like to burft, becaufe He will not 
take down the wall, and fetch His uncreated beauty, and bring His 
matchlefs, white, and ruddy face out of heaven once-errand,f that 
I may have heaven meeting me, ere I go to it, in fuch a wonderful 
fight. Ye know that majefly and love do humble ; becaufe homely J 
love to finners dwelleth in Him with majefty. Ye mould give Him 
all His own court-ftyles, His high and heaven-names. What am I, 
to mape conceptions of my higheil: Lord ? How broad, and how 
high, and how deep He is above and beyond what thefe conceptions 
are, I cannot tell : but for my own weak practice (which alas ! 
can be no rule to one fo deep in love-ficknefs with Chrift as ye are), 
I would fain add to my thoughts and efteem of Him, and make 
Him more high, and would wifh a heart and love ten thoufand 
times wider than the utmoll: circle and curtain that goeth about the 
heaven of heavens, to entertain Him in that heart, and with that 
love. But that which is your pain, my dear brother, is mine alfo. 
I am confounded with the thoughts of Him. I know that God is 
caften (if I may fpeak fo) in a fweet mould, and lovely image, in 
the perfon of that Heaven's Jewel, the Man Chrift ; and that the 
fteps of that fteep afcent and flairs to the Godhead is the flefh of 
Chrill:, the New and Living Way ; and there is footing for faith in 
that curious Ark of the humanity, wherein dwelleth the Godhead, 
married upon our humanity. I would be in heaven, fuppofe I had 
not another errand than to fee that dainty § golden Ark, and God 
perfonally looking out at ears and eyes and a body fuch as we finners 
have, that I might wear my iinful mouth in kifTes on Him for ever- 
more. And I know all the Three blefled Perfons would be well 
pleafed that my piece of faint and created love mould firft coafl || upon 
the Man Chrift. I mould fee them all through Him. 

* Enveloped in mift. f On purpofe, for no other reafon. % Familiar. 
§ Excellent ; that has worth in it. || To fail from port to port. 

302 LETTER CCCIL [1640. 

I am called from writing by my great employments in this town, 
and have faid nothing. But what can I fay of Him ? Let us go 
and fee. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, * 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, 1640. 

CCCII. — To my Lady Kenmure, on her Hujbantfs Death. 

ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to your Ladyfhip. 
— I am heartily forry that your Ladyfhip is deprived of 
fuch a hufband, and the Lord's kirk of fo active and 
faithful a friend.* I know your Ladyfhip long ago made acquaint- 
ance with that wherein Chrift will have you to be joined in a fellow- 
fhip with Himfelf (even with His own crofs), and hath taught you 
to ftay your foul upon the Lord's good- will, who giveth not ac- 
count of His matters to any of us. When He hath led you through 
this water that was in your way to glory, there are fewer behind : 
and His order in difmifling us, and fending us out of the market, 
one before another, is to be reverenced. One year's time of heaven 
mail fwallow up all forrows, even beyond all comparifon. What, 
then, will not a duration of bleffednefs fo long as God fhall live fully 
and abundantly recompenfe ! It is good that our Lord hath given 
a debtor, obliged by gracious promifes, far more in eternity than 
time can take from you. And I believe that your Ladyfhip hath 
been, now many years, advifing and thinking what that glory will be, 
which is abiding the pilgrims and ftrangers on the earth when they 
come home, and which we may think of, love, and thirfr. for. But 
we cannot comprehend it nor conceive of it as it is ; far lefs we can 
over-think or over-love it. Oh, fo long a Chapter, or rather fo 

* Hon. Sir Henry Montgomery of GifFen, her Ladyfhip's fecond hufband, 
died about this time. See Let. 3. 

640.] LETTER CCCIII. 303 

large a Volume, as Chrift is, in that Divinity of Glory ! There is 
no more of Him let down now to be feen and enjoyed by His 
children, than as much as may feed hunger in this life, but not 
fatisfy it. Your Ladyfhip is a debtor to the Son of God's crofs, 
that is wearing out love and affiance in the creature out of your 
heart by degrees. Or rather the obligation ftandeth to His free 
grace who careth for your Ladyfhip in this gracious difpenfation ; 
and who is preparing and making ready the garments of falvation 
for you ; and who calleth you with a new name, that the mouth 
of the Lord hath named ; and purpofeth to make you a crown of 
glory, and a royal diadem in the hand of your God.* Ye are 
obliged to friftf Him more than one heaven ; and yet He craveth 
not a long day ; it is fall coming, and is fure payment. Though 
ye give no hire for Him, yet hath He given a great price and ran- 
fom for you ; and if the bargain were to make again, Chrift would 
give no lefs for you than what He hath already given. He is far 
from ruing. I mail wifh you no more (till time be gone out of the 
way), than the earneft of that which He hath purchafed and pre- 
pared for you, which can never be fully preached, written, or 
thought of, fince it hath not entered into the heart to confider it. 

So, recommending your Ladyfhip to the rich grace of our Lord 
Jefus, I am, and reft, your Ladyfhip's at all refpeclful obfervance 
in Chrift Jefus, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's. 

CCCIII. — For the Right Honourable my Lady Boyd. 

ADAM, — I doubt not but the debt of many more than 
ordinary favours to this land layeth guiltinefs upon this 
nation. The Lord hath put us in His books as a fa- 

* Iia. lxii. 2,3. t Poftpone payment 

304 LETTER CCCIIL [1640. 

voured people in the fight of the nations, but we pay not to Him 
the rent of the vineyard. And we might have had a gofpel at an 
eafier rate than this Gofpel ; but it would have had but as much 
life as ink and paper have. We ftand obliged to Him who hath in 
a manner forced His love on us, and would but love us againft 
our will. 

Anent read prayers. Madam, I could never fee precept, pro- 
mife, or practice for them, in God's word. Our Church never 
allowed them, but men took them up at their own choice. The 
word of God maketh reading* and prayingf two different worfhips. 
In reading, God fpeaketh to us-,J in praying, we Ipeak to God.§ 
I had never faith to think well of them. In my weak judgment, it 
were good if they were out of the fervice of God. I cannot think 
them a fruit or effect of the Spirit of adoption, feeing the ufer can- 
not fay of fuch prayers, " Let the words of my mouth, and the 
meditations of my heart, be acceptable in thy light, O Lord, my 
Strength and my Redeemer," which the fervants of God ought to 
fay of their prayers. || For fuch prayers are meditations fet down in 
paper and ink, and cannot be his heart-meditations who ufeth them. 
The faints never ufed them, and God never commanded them ; and 
a promife to hear any prayers, except the pouring out of the foul to 
God, we Can never read. 

As for feparation from a worfhip for fome errors of a church, 
the independency of fingle congregations, a church of vifible faints, 
and other tenets of Brownifts, ^[ they are contrary to God's word. I 

* 1 Tim. iv. 3. f ! Thefs. v. 17. J 2 Kings, xxii. 10, 11. 

§ Ps. xxii. 2, and xxviii. 1. || Ps. xix. 14. 

^[ The Brownifts were a feci: which owed their origin and designation to 
Robert Brown, who ftudied at Cambridge, holding that, according to Scrip- 
ture, every fingle congregation ought to have the complete power of jurifdic- 
tion within itfelf. In the year 1581, he organized a feci according to thofe 
principles, and called it by his name. Brown, however, returned to the 
Church of England, and was prefented to a living in Northamptonfhire, of 
which he received the emoluments without difcharging the duties. But the 
fedt he formed remained, and in procefs of time the name of Brownifts was 
merged in that of Congregationalifts or Independents. 

1640.] LETTER CCC1V. 305 

have a treatife at the prefs at London againft thefe conceits, as things 
which want God's word to warrant them.* The Lord lay it not 
to their charge, who depart from the covenant of God with this 
land to follow fuch lying vanities. 

I did fee lately your daughter, the Lady Ardrofs.f The Lord 
hath given her a child and deliverance. 

Now, recommending your Ladyfhip to the rich grace of Chriit, 
I reft yours at all refpectful obfervance in Chrift, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's. 

CCCIV.— To James Murray's Wife. 




You are truly blefled in the Lord, however a four 
world gloom J and frown on you, if ye continue in the 
faith fettled and grounded, and be not moved away from the hope 
of the Gofpel. It is good that there is a heaven, and it is not a 
night-dream and a fancy. It is a wonder that men deny not that 

* The treatife to which Rutherford here refers is, no doubt, his work 
entitled, " A Peaceable and Temperate Plea for Paul's Prefbytery in Scotland, 
or a Modeft Difpute of the Government of the Church of Scotland, wherein 
our Difcipline is demonftrated to be the true Apoftolic way of Divine Truth, 
and the arguments on the contrary are friendly diflblved, the grounds of fepa- 
ration, and the independency of particular congregations, in defence of Eccle- 
fiaftical Prefbyteries, Synods, and AfTemblies, are examined aud tried." It 
was printed at London in 1642. "This," fays Murray, "is one of the 
moft temperate, judicious, and belt written works he ever gave to the world. 
It correfponds in every refpect with the promife which its title holds out ; with 
this exception, that it is much more learned, difpaflionate, and conclufive 
than the promife implies. It mult have had a very confiderable effecl: on 
public fentiment, and have ferved to pave the way for that introduction of the 
Prefbyterian fyftem into England which foon took place." 

t See notice on this lady prefixed to a fubfequent Letter. 

X Lour. 


306 LETTER CCCIV. [1640. 

there is a heaven, as they deny there is any way to it but of men's 
making. You have learned of Chriit, that there is a heaven ; con- 
tend for it and for Chrift.. Bear well and fubmuTively the hard 
thrufr of this ftepmother world, which God will not have to be 
yours. I confefs it is hard, and, would to God, I were able to lighten 
you of your burden ; but believe me, this world, which the Lord 
will not have to be yours, is but the drofs, refufe, and fcum of 
God's creation, the portion of the Lord's poor hired fervants, the 
moveables, not the heritage, a hard bone caft to the dogs holden 
out of the New Jerufalem, whereupon they rather break their teeth 
than fatisfy their appetite. It is your father's Helling and Chrift's 
birthright that our Lord is keeping for you ; and perfuade yourfelf 
alfo that (if it be good for them and you) your feed alfo mail in- 
herit the earth ; for that is promifed to them, and God's bond is 
as good as if He would give every one of them a bond for thoufand 

Ere ye were born, croiTes in number, meafure and weight, were 
written for you ; and your Lord will lead you through them. 
Make Chrift fure, and the world and the bleffings of the earth 
friall be at Chrift's back and beck. I fee many profefTbrs for the 
fafhion, profefTbrs of glafs ; I would make a little knock of perfe- 
ction ding* them in twenty pieces, and the world would laugh at 
the fhreds. Therefore, make faft work; fee that Chrift be the 
ground-ftonef of your profeflion. The fore wind and rain will not 
wafh away His building j His work hath no lefs date than to ftand 
for evermore. I fhould twenty times have perifhed in my affliction, 
if I had not laid my weak back and prefling burden, both, upon 
the Stone, the Corner-ftone laid in Zion. I am not twice fain (as 
the proverb is), but once and for ever, of this Stone. J Now the 
God of peace eftablifh you to the day of the appearance of Jefus 
Chrift. Yours, 

St Andrew's. S. R. 

* Violently dam in pieces. f Foundation-ftone. 

X Not fain to (it down and rife again, but glad to remain fixed for ever. 

1 640 J LETTER CCCV. 307 

CCCV. — For the Right Honourable Lady, my Lady Kenmure. 


JADAM, — I am a little moved at your infirmity of body 
and health ; I hope it is to you a real warning. " And 
if in this life only we had hope, we mould be of all 
men the moft miferable." Sure the huge* generations of the feekers 
of the face of Jacob's God muft be in a life above the things that are 
now much takingf with us ; fuch as, to fee the fun, to enjoy this life 
in health, and fome good worldly accommodations too. And if we 
be making that J fure, it is our wifdom. The times would make any 
that love the Lord fick and faint, to confider how iniquity aboundeth, 
and how dull we are in obferving fins in ourfelves, and how quick- 
fighted to find them out in others, and what bondage we are in. 
And yet very often, when we complain of times, we are fecretly 
flandering the Lord's work and wife government of the world, and 
raifing a hard report of Him. " He is good, and doeth good," and 
all His ways are equal. 

Madam, I have been holding out to fome others (oh, if I could 
to myfelf !) fome more of this, to read and ftudy God well, and make 
the ferious thoughts of a Godhead, and a Godhead in Chrift, the 
work, and the only work, all the day. Oh, we are little with God ! 
and do all without God ! We fleep and wake without Him ; we 
eat, we fpeak, we journey, we go about worldly buiinefs and our 
calling without God ! and, confidering what deadnefs is upon the 
hearts of many, it were good that fome did not pray without God, 
and preach and praife, and read and confer of God without God ! 
It is univerfally complained of, that there is a it range deadnefs upon 
the land, and on the hearts of His people. Oh, if we could help 

* Muft now be in poffeffion of a life far fuperior to the things that attract 
us. " Huge" may mean u vaft as to number " (Ifa. xlviii. 19), and alfo, great 
in other refpects. 

f Much prized. Taking is u attractive." 

% If we are making fure this living above the world. 

308 LETTER CCCVL [1643. 

it ! But He that watereth every moment His garden of red wine 
muft help it. I believe that He will burn the briers and the thorns 
that come againft Him. 

I defire to remember your Ladyfhip to God ; but little can I 
do that way. His everlafting goodnefs will be with you. 
Yours, in the Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
St Andrew's, July 24. 

CCCVL— To Mr Thomas Wylie, Minifter of Borgue. 

[Mr Thomas Wylie was firft minifter of Borgue, a parifh in the 
ftewartry of Kirkcudbright, in which are to be feen, clofe to the fea-fhore, the 
remains of what is fuppofed to have been one of the old Culdee churches, Kirk 
Andrews. He was afterwards tranflated to Mauchline, a parifh in Ayrfhire ; 
but he remained there only a fhort time, having foon after his tranflation to it 
accepted a call to Kirkcudbright. But he was not allowed long to profecute 
his ufeful labours in that place. Shortly after the reftoration of Charles II., 
his fidelity to his Prefbyterian principles rendering him obnoxious to the 
Government, he was, by a particular act of Privy Council, ejected from his 
charge, and banifhed to the north of Tay, with his family. In 1670 he 
went over to Ireland (where fome of his relatives appeared to have refided), 
and officiated in a congregation at Coleraine for nearly three years, when he 
returned to Scotland, and was fettled minifter of Fen wick, in the Prefbytery 
of Irvine, under the fecond indulgence. He died on July 20, 1676.] 



nor dow write to you anent the bufinefs, in refpecl: it is 
my cafe more as* yours, and ye write to me that which 
I mould write to you. If grace pay not our debts and bond-furety 
for us, I fee not how I mail make a reckoning for one foul, far lefs 
for multitudes ; only it is God's will that we put grace to the utmoft, 

* Than. The German " als." 

1643J LETTER CCCVI. 309 

and engage Chrift for His own work. If He refufe charges to His 
own factors, the loft bankruptcy will redound to Him. But He 
muft not be a lofer, nor can His glory furFer. But I mult entreat 
you for the help of your prayers, as you will do anything out of 
heaven for me, and poflible to you. I am now called for to England ; 
the government of the Lord's houfe in England and Ireland is to be 
handled.* My heart beareth me witnefs, and the Lord who is 
greater knoweth, my faith was never prouder than to be a common 
rough country barrowman in Anwoth j and that I could not look 
at the honour of being a mafon to lay the foundation for many 
generations, and to build the wafte places of Zion in another king- 
dom, or to have a hand or finger in that carved work in the cedar 
and almug trees in that new temple. I defire but to lend a fhut,f 
and cry, " Grace, grace upon the building." I hope ye will help 
my weaknefs in this ; and feek help to me from others as if I had 
named them, and intercede for the favour of my Father's feas, 
winds, and tides, and for the victory of ftrong and prevailing truth. 
Grace be with you. 

Yours in Chrift, 

S. R. 
St Andrew's, %oth Oct. 1643. 

* On the 1 8th of Auguft 1643, the General AfTembly appointed a com- 
mittee to proceed to London, to confult, treat, and conclude with the AfTembly 
of Divines then fitting at Weftminfter, in all matters which might further the 
union of the churches of Scotland and England in one form of church govern- 
ment, one confeffion of faith, one catechifm, and one directory for the worfhip 
of God. Of this committee Rutherford was one. The others were — Mr 
Alexander Henderfon, Mr Robert Douglas, Mr Robert Baillie, and Mr 
George Gillefpie, minifters ; John Earl of Caffilis, John Lord Maitland, and 
Sir Archibald Johnfton of Warrifton, elders. 

t To pufh forward. In a fermon preached at Kirmabreck, 1630, on 
Zech. xiii. 7, he introduces an ill-bred man among nobles, thrufting afide this 
one and that one ; " He fhutes him, and he fhutes him," etc. 

3io LETTER CCCVIL [1644. 

CCCVII. — To a young man in Anivoth. 

[This letter is from the Chrijiian Injlructor of January 1839, nirnifhed by 
one who was in pofieffion of the MS. It was written at St Andrew s, but 
both date and addrefs are loft. It is fuppofed to have been addrefled to one 
of his former parifhioners, a young man in Anwoth, of fome influence.] 


|ORTHY SIR, — I am heartily glad that you have any 
mind of me, or my miniftry while I was with you. I 
wiih you the fruit of it. I truft that you ftrive for 
the power of godlinefs, that has been fo preached in the land ; 
for falvation cometh not to every man's door, and the way to 
heaven is a ftraiter and narrower pafTage than each man thinketh. 
And you are now in the moil glafTy part of your life, when it is 
eafy to follow, and when the lufls of youth are rank and ftrong. 
And happy are you that can pafs through thefe dangers with a good 
confcience. So my real advice is, that you acquaint yourfelf with 
prayer, and with fearching the Scriptures of God, that He may 
mow you that good way that bringeth reft to the foul. The ordi- 
nary faith and the country godlinefs will not fave you. There 
muft be more nor* the righteoufnefs of the fcribes and Pharifees 
ere ever a man enter the kingdom of God. And I fhall defire that 
you will take to heart the worth and price of an immortal foul, and 
the neceffity of dying, and the fearful account of judgment at the 
back of death, that you may be faved. 

As for my miniftry among you again, I can eafier defire it than 
fee through it. The Lord of the harveft take care for you, and 
fend you a paftor according to God's heart ; and that's as rare as 
ever, forf all our reformation. 

Remember my heart's love and refpect to your mother and 
lifter. Grace be with you. 

Your fometime paftor and ftill friend in God, 
St Andrew's. S. R. 

* Than. t Notwithftanding. 

1 644.] LETTER CCCVI1I. 311 

CCCVIII. — For the Right Honourable, my Lady Viscountess of 



ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I am 

glad to hear that your Ladyihip is in any tolerable 
health ; and mail pray that the Lord may be your 
Strength and Rock. Sure I am, that He took you out of the 
womb •, and you have been caften on Him from the breafls. I 
am confident that He will not leave you till He crown the work 
begun in you. 

There is nothing here but divifions in the Church and Aflembly •* 
for befide Brownifts and Independents f (who, of all that differ from 
us, come neareft to walkers with God), there are many other feels 
here, of Anabaptifts,J Libertines who are for all opinions in reli- 
gion, flefhly and abominable Antinomians, § and Seekers, || who are 

* The AfTembly of Divines at Weftminfter. 

f The Independents are well known. Their founder is confidered to be 
one Mr John Robinfon, who, leaving Norwich, became a rigid Brownift ; 
but he was admitted paftor of the Englifh church at Leyden, and afterwards 
modified his views, retaining only fome of Brown's opinions. This minifter 
dying, many of his congregation went from Leyden into New England, and 
planted at New Plymouth, whither they carried his opinions, which fpread 
widely there, and by letters and other means were conveyed into Old 

% The Anabaptifts of England at that time are not to be confounded with 
the fanatics of the fame name who appeared in Germany in 152 1, and par- 
ticularly at Munfter, foon after the dawn of the Reformation. Their pe- 
culiar opinions were, that baptifm ought to be adminiftered only to adults, 
and that the mode of it ought to be by immerlion, or dipping. They were 
divided into General and Particular, the former holding Arminian views of 
Chriftian doctrine, while the latter were ftrictly Calviniftic. 

§ The Antinomians profefled to hold doctrinal fentiments rigidly Calviniftic; 
but they deduced from them conclufions deeply injurious to the interefts of 
religion and morality. 

|| Of the Seekers or Expeclers, Pagitt has given the following account: — 
" They deny that there is any true church, or any true minifter, or any ordi- 

312 LETTER CCCVIIL [1644. 

for no church-ordinances, but expect apoftles to come and reform 
churches ; and a world of others, all againft the government of 
prefbyteries.* Luther obferved, when he ftudied to reform, that 
two-and-thirty fundry fects arofe ; of all which I have named but 
a part, except thofe called Seekers, who were not then arifen. 
He faid, God mould crufh them, and that they mould rife again : 
both which we fee accomplished. In the AiTembly, we have well 
near ended the government, and are upon the power of fynods, 
and I hope near at an end with them ; and fo I truft to be delivered 
from this prifon fhortly. The King hath duTolved the treaty of 
peace at Uxbridge, and adhereth to his fweet prelates, and would 
abate nothing but a little of the rigour of their courts, and a fus- 
pending of laws againft the ceremonies, not a taking away of them.f 
The not profpering of your armies there in Scotland is afcribed here 
to the fins of the land, and particularly to the divifions and back- 
llidings of many from the caufe, and the not executing of juitice 
againfl bloody malignants. 

My wife here, under the phyficians, remembereth her fervice to 
your Ladyihip. So recommending you to the rich grace of Chrifr, 
I reft, your Ladyfnip's, at all obedience in Chrift, 

S. R. 

London, March 4, 1644. 

nances : fome of them affirm the church to be in the wildernefs, and they are 
afking for it there ; others fay that it is in the fmoke of the temple, and that 
they are groping for it there." Herefwgraphy , p. 141. 

* Thomas Edwards, in his Gangraena, enumerates iixteen forts of feclaries 
of that time. 1. Independents; 2. Brownifts; 3. Chiliafts, or Millenaries; 
4. Antinomians ; 5. Anabaptifts; 6. Manifeftarians, or Arminians; 7. Liber- 
tines; 8. Familifts; 9. Enthufiafts ; 10. Seekers and Waiters: 11. Perfe&ifts; 
12. Socinians; 13. Arians; 14. Antitrinitarians ; 15. Antifcripturifts ; 16. 
Sceptics and Queftionifts, who queftion everything in matters of religion. Of 
thefe different feels there were many fubdivifions. 

t In the conteft between Charles I. and his Englifh Parliament, Charles 
was induced to make propofals of a treaty to the Parliament. Uxbridge was 
fixed on as the place for conducting the treaty ; and commifiioners from the 
King, the Parliament, and Scotland, were appointed. But they found it im- 
practicable to come to any agreement. 


1644J LETTER CCCIX. 313 

CCCIX. — For the Right Honourable, my Lady Boyd. 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I re- 
ceived your letter on May 19th. 

We are here debating, with much contention of 
diiputes, for the juft meafures of the Lord's temple. It pleafeth 
God, that fometimes enemies hinder the building of the Lord's 
houfe ; but now friends, even gracious men (fo I conceive of them), 
do not a little hinder the work. Thomas Goodwin,* Jeremiah 
Burroughs, f and fome others, four or five, who are for the Inde- 
pendent way, ftand in our way, and are mighty oppofites to prefby- 
terial government. We have carried through fome proportions for 
the Scripture right of prefbytery, efpecially in the church of Jeru- 
falem,J and the church of Ephefus, and are going on upon other 
grounds of truth 5 and by the way have proven, that ordination of 
pallors belongeth not to a fingle congregation, but to a college of 
prefbyters, whofe it is to lay hands upon Timothy and others. § We 
are to prove that one fingle congregation hath not power to excom- 
municate, which is oppofed not only by Independent men, but by 
many others. The truth is, we have at times grieved fpirits with 
the work -, and for my part, I often defpair of the reformation of 

* Thomas Goodwin, a diftinguifhed Puritan divine, and latterly paftor of 
a church in London, ftyled by Anthony Wood " one of the AtlafTes and pa- 
triarchs of Independency." He was in high favour with Cromwell. He was 
born at Rolefby, in Norfolk, in 1600, and died in 1679. ^ 1S works extended 
to five volumes folio, and are invaluable. In his expofition of the firft and 
part of the fecond chapter of the Epiftle to the Ephefians, there is an admir- 
able defence of Calvinifm. 

f Jeremiah Burroughs, another eminent Puritan divine, was alfo a minifter 
in London. He was born in 1599, and died 1646. He is the author of nu- 
merous theological works, which, if not important, are ufeful. It is faid that 
the divifions of the times broke his heart. 

X Acts ii. iv. v. vi. and xv. 

§ 1 Tim. iv. 14 ; 1 Tim. v. 17 ; Acts xiii. 1, 2, 3 , Ads vi. 5, 6. 

3 14 LETTER CCCIX. [1644. 

this land, which faw never anything but the high places of their 
fathers, and the remnants of Babylon's pollutions ; and except that, 
" not by might, nor by power, but by the Spirit of the Lord," I 
fhould think God hath not yet thought it time for England's deliver- 
ance. For the truth is, the befl of them almoft have faid, " A half 
reformation is very fair at the firfl: ; " which is no other thing than, 
" It is not time yet to build the houfe of the Lord." And for that 
caufe, many houfes, great and fair in the land, are laid defolate. 

Multitudes of Anabaptifts, Antinomians, Familifts,* Separates, f 
are here. The befl of the people are of the Independent way. As 
for myfelf, I know no more if there be a found Chriftian (fetting 
afide fome, yea, not a few learned, fome zealous and faithful mini- 
fters whom I have met with) at London (though I doubt not but 
there are many), than if I were in Spain ; which maketh me blefs 
God that the communion of faints, how defirable foever, yet is not 
the thing, even that great thing, Chrift and the remiilion of fins. If 
Jefus were unco, J as His members are here, I fhould be in a fad and 
heavy condition. 

* The feci: of the Familifls , or Family of Love, have been afTociated with 
one David George of Delft, who, in 1544, fled out of Holland to Bafle, giving 
it out that he was banifhed out of the Low Countries, and changed his name, 
calling himfelf John of Brugg. He affirmed that he was the true David whom 
God had promifed to fend to reftore again the kingdom of Ifrael, and wrote 
various books in fupport of his pretenfions. He died on the 16th of Septem- 
ber 1556. After him rofe up one Henry Nicholas, born in Amfterdam, who 
maintained the fame doctrine, but applied it to himfelf and not to David 
George. One Chriftopher Vivet, a joiner dwelling in Southwark, who had 
been in Queen Mary's days an Arian, tranflated out of Dutch into Englifh 
feveral of the books of Henry Nicholas, among which was his Evangelium 
Regni. The claims of Nicholas were thofe of a fanatic, and his fyftem was a 
lie. Pagitt's Herefwgraphy , pp. 81-91. 

f The Separatijls were a kind of Anabaptifts, fo called becaufe they pre- 
tended to be feparate from the reft of the world. They condemned fine 
clothes. To them that laughed they would cry, "Woe be to you that 
laugh, for hereafter ye fhall mourn." They did look fadly, and fetched deep 
fighs ; they avoided marriage meetings, feafts, mufic, and condemned bearing 
of arms, and covenants. Pagitfs Herefwgraphy , p. 30. % Strange. 

1645.] LETTER CCCX. 315 

The Houfe of Peers are rotten men, and hate our Commiffioners 
and our caufe both. The life that is is in the Houfe of Commons, 
and many of them alfo have their religion to choofe. The forrows of 
a travailing woman are come on the land. Our army is lying about 
York, and have blocked up them of Newcaftle,* and fix thoufand 
Papifts and Malignants, with Mr Thomas Sydferf, and fome Scottifh 
prelates ; and if God deliver them into their hands (confidering 
how ftrong the Parliament's armies are, how many victories God 
hath given them fince they entered into covenant with Him, and how 
weak the King is), it may be thought the land is near a deliverance. 
But I rather defire it than believe it. 

We offered this day to the Affembly a part of a directory for 
worfhip, to moulder out the fervice-book. It is taken into con- 
sideration by the Affembly. 

You fon Lindfayf is well : I receive letters from him almoft 
every week. 

Yours at all obedience in God, 

S. R. 

London, May 25, 1644. 

CCCX. — To Mistress Taylor, on her fon 's death. 

^STRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — Though 
I have no relation worldly or acquaintance with you, 
yet (upon the teitimony and importunity of your elder 
fon now at London, where I am, but chiefly becaufe I efteem 
Jefus Chrift in you to be in place of all relations) I make bold, in 

* In the end of the year 1643, tne Scottifli army raifed by the Convention 
of Eftates for the afliftance of the Englifh Parliament, marched into England, 
and having joined the Parliamentary forces, blockaded Newcaftle, as Ruther- 
ford here defcribes. 

f Afterwards Earl of Crawford. Sec notice of, Let. 231. 

J id LETTER CCCX. [1645. 

Chrifl, to fpeak my poor thoughts to you concerning your fon lately 
fallen afleep in the Lord, who was fometime under the miniflry of 
the worthy fervant of Chrifl, my fellow-labourer, Mr Blair, by whofe 
miniflry I hope he reaped no fmall advantage. I know that grace 
rooteth not out the affections of a mother, but putteth them on His 
wheel who maketh all things new, that they may be refined : there- 
fore, forrow for a dead child is allowed to you, though by meafure 
and ounce- weights. The redeemed of the Lord have not a dominion, 
or lordfhip, over their forrow and other affections, to lavifh out 
Chrifl's goods at their pleafure. " For ye are not your own, but 
bought with a price ;" and your forrow is not your own. Nor hath 
He redeemed you by halves -, and therefore, ye are not to make 
Chrifl's crofs no crofs. He commandeth you to weep : and that 
princely One, who took up to heaven with Him a man's heart to be 
a companionate High Prieft, became your fellow and companion on 
earth by weeping for the dead.* And, therefore, ye are to love 
that crofs, becaufe it was once at Chrifl's moulders before you : fo 
that by His own practice, He hath over-gilded and covered your 
crofs with the Mediator's luflre. The cup ye drink was at the lip 
of fweet Jefus, and He drank of it ; and fo it hath a fmell of His 
breath, and I conceive that ye love it not the worfe that it is thus 
fugared. Therefore, drink, and believe the refurrection of your fon's 
body. If one coal of hell could fall off the exalted head, Jefus 
(Jefus the Prince of the kings of the earth !), and burn me to afhes, 
knowing I were a partner with Chrift, and a fellow-fharer with 
Him (though the unworthiefl of men), I think that I mould die a 
lovely death in that fire with Him. The worft things of Chrifl, 
even His crofs, have much of heaven from Himfelf ; and fo hath 
your Chriflian forrow, being of kin to Chrifl in that kind. If your 
forrow were a baflard (and not of Chrifl's houfe becaufe of the 
relation ye have to Him, in conformity to His death and fufferings), 
I mould the more companionate your condition ; but the kind and 
companionate Jefus, at every figh you give for the lofs of your now 

* John xi. 35. 

[645.] LETTER CCCX. 317 

glorified child (fo I believe, as is meet), with a man's heart crieth, 
" Half mine." 

I was not a witnefs to his death, being called out of the king- 
dom ; but, if you will credit thofe whom I do credit (and I dare 
not lie), he died comfortably. It is true, he died before he did fo 
much fervice to Chrift on earth, as I hope and heartily defire that 
your fon Mr Hugh (very dear to me in Jefus Chrift) will do. But 
that were a real matter of forrow if this were not to counterbalance 
it, that he hath changed fervice-houfes, but hath not changed fervices 
or Mafter. " And there mail be no more curfe ; but the throne 
of God and of the Lamb mail be in it ; and His fervants mail ferve 
Him."* What he could have done in this lower houfe, he is now 
upon that fame fervice in the higher houfe ; and it is all one : it is 
the fame fervice and the fame Mafter, only there is a change of con- 
ditions. And ye are not to think it a bad bargain for your beloved 
fon, where he hath gold for copper and brafs, eternity for time. 

I believe that Chrift hath taught you (for I give credit to fuch 
a witnefs of you as your fon Mr Hugh) not to forrow becaufe he 
died. All the knotf muft be, " He died too foon, he died too 
young, he died in the morning of his life." This is all ; but fbve- 
reignty muft filence your thoughts. I was in your condition ; I 
had but two children, and both are dead fince I came hither. J 
The fupreme and abfolute Former of all things giveth not an ac- 
count of any of His matters. The good Hufbandman may pluck 
His rofes, and gather in His lilies at mid-fummer, and, for aught I 
dare fay, in the beginning of the firft fummer month ; and He may 
tranfplant young trees out of the lower ground to the higher, where 
they may have more of the fun, and a more free air, at any feafon 
of the year. What is that to you or me ? The goods are His own. 
The Creator of time and winds did a merciful injury (if I dare bor- 
row the word) to nature, in landing the paffenger fo early. They 

* Rev. xxii. 3. f Difficulty. 

% He had loft two children before going to London, and the above is in 
reference to the death of other two after he came thither. 

318 LETTER CCCX. [1645. 

love the fea too well who complain of a fair wind, and a defirable 
tide, and a fpeedy coming afhore, efpecially a coming afhore in that 
land where all the inhabitants have everlafling joy upon their heads. 
He cannot be too early in heaven. His twelve hours were not 
fhort hours. And withal if ye confider this ; had ye been at his 
bed-fide, and mould have feen Chrifl coming to him, ye would not, 
ye could not, have adjourned ChrilVs free love, who would want 
him no longer. 

And dying in another land, where his mother could not clofe 
his eyes, is not much. Who clofed Mofes' eyes ? And who put 
on his winding-meet ? For aught I know, neither father, nor 
mother, nor friend, but God only. And there is as expeditious, 
fair, and eafy a way betwixt Scotland and heaven, as if he had died 
in the very bed he was born in. The whole earth is his Father's ; 
any corner of his Father's houfe is good enough to die in. 

It may be that the living child (I fpeak not of Mr Hugh) is 
more grief to you than the dead. Ye are to wait on, if at any time 
God will give him repentance. Chrifl: waited as long poflibly on 
you and me, certainly longer on me ; and if He mould deny re- 
pentance to him, I could fay fomething to that. But I hope better 
things of him. 

It feemeth that Chrifl will have this world your flepdame. I 
love not your condition the worfe. It may be a proof that ye are 
not a child of this lower houfe, but a flranger. Chrifl: feeth not 
good only, but your only good, to be led thus to heaven. And 
think this a favour, that He hath beflowed on you free, free grace, 
that is, mercy without hire : ye paid nothing for it. And who 
can put a price upon anything of royal and princely Jefus Chrifl: ? 
And God hath given to you to fufFer for Him the fpoiling of your 
goods. Efleem it as an act of free grace alfo. Ye are no lofer, 
having Himfelf ; and I perfuade myfelf, that if ye could prize Chrifl, 
nothing could be bitter to you. 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Your brother and well-wifher, 
London, 1645. "' ^* 

1 645.] LETTER CCCXL 319 

CCCXI. — To Barbara Hamilton. 

[Barbara Hamilton was the wife of Mr John Mein, merchant, Edin- 
burgh, noticed before (fee Let. 151), and filter to the firft wife of the famous 
Mr Robert Blair. She was a woman of eminent piety, and alfo diftinguifhed 
for her public fpirit. As an evidence of this laft feature of her character, the 
following anecdote may be given. Mr Blair, and feveral other Prefbyterian 
minifters, who had been depofed by the bifhops in Ireland for nonconformity, 
had come over to Scotland in 1637. Finding that Blair was threatened with 
ftill harfher treatment from the Scottifh prelates, fhe fuggefted a petition to 
the Privy Council, for liberty to himfelf, and other minifters in similar cir- 
cumftances, to preach the Gofpel publicly, engaging that fhe and fome other 
like-minded women would put it into the hands of the Treafurer as he went 
into the Council. Blair having done fo, fhe proceeded without delay to carry 
her purpofe into effecT:. She convened no inconfiderable number of the religious 
matrons of Edinburgh, who drew up in a line from the Council-houfe door 
to the ftreet ; and the oldeft matron was appointed to prefent the petition to 
the Treafurer. The Treafurer, fufpecting that it was fomething which would 
be difagreeable to the Council, put the aged petitioner afide, and went quickly 
from her towards the Council-houfe door. Obferving this, Barbara Hamilton 
immediately ftepped forward, and, taking the paper out of the old feeble 
woman's hand, came up to the Treafurer, and ' l did with her ftrong arm 
and big hand faft grip his gardie" (i.e. y arm), faying, " Stand, my Lord! in 
Chrift's name, I charge you, till I fpeak to you." His Lordfhip, looking 
back, replies, " Good woman, what would you fay to me ?" " There is," 
faid fhe, " a humble fupplication of Mr Blair's. All that he petitions for, is 
that he may have liberty to preach the Gofpel. I charge ycu to befriend the 
matter, as you would expect God to befriend you in your diftrefs, and at your 
death ! " He replied, ' ' I fhall do my endeavour, and what I can in it." The 
refult was, that Blair's fupplication was granted by the Council. The follow- 
ing letter, which Rutherford addrefTes to this lady, was written on the occa- 
fion of the death of her fon-in-law, probably Mr William Hume, minifter, 
who was married to her daughter Barbara Mein. (See Let. 312.)] 


ORTHY FRIEND,— Grace be to you. I do unwill- 
ingly write unto you of that which God hath done 
concerning your fon-in-law ; only, I believe ye look 
not below Chrift, and the higheft and molt fupreme act of Provi- 

320 LETTER CCCXL [1645. 

dence, which moveth all wheels. And certainly, what came down 
enacted and concluded in the great book before the throne, and 
figned and fubfcribed with the hand which never did wrong, fhould 
be khTed and adored by us. 

We fee God's decrees when they bring forth their fruits, all 
actions, good and ill, fweet and four, in their time ; but we fee not 
prefently the after-birth of God's decree, namely, His blefTed end, 
and the good that He bringeth out of the womb of His holy and 
fpotlefs counfel. We fee His working, and we forrow ; the end of 
His counfel and working lieth hidden, and underneath the ground, 
and therefore we cannot believe. Even amongft. men, we fee hewn 
flones, timber, and an hundred fcattered parcels and pieces of an 
houfe, all under-tools,* hammers, and axes, and faws -, yet the 
houfe, the beauty and ufef of fo many lodgings and eafe-rooms, we 
neither fee nor underftand for the prefent ; thefe are but in the 
mind and head of the builder, as yet. We fee red earth, unbroken 
clods, furrows, and ftones ; but we fee not fummer, lilies, rofes, 
the beauty of a garden. 

If ye give the Lord time to work (as often J he that believeth 
not maketh hafte, but not fpeed), His end is under ground, and ye 
fhall fee it was your good, that your fon hath changed dwelling- 
places, but not his Mafter. Chrifl: thought good to have no more 
of his fervice here; yet, "His fervants fhall ierve Him."§ He 
needeth not us nor our fervice, either on earth or in heaven. But 
ye are to look to Him who giveth the hireling both his leave || and 
his wages, for his naked aim and purpofe to ferve Chrifl, as well 
as for his labours. It is put up in Chrift's account, that fuch a 
labourer did fweat forty years in Chrift's vineyard ; howbeit he 
got not leave to labour fo long, becaufe He who accepteth of the 
will for the deed counteth fo. None can teach the Lord to lay an 

* Leffer tools. f " Eqfe," in old editions. 

t Q. d. y You need this advice, as it too often happens that even believers 
make hafte. 

§ Rev. xxii. 3. || Difcharge. 


He numbereth the drops of rain, and knoweth the ftars by their 
names ; it would take us much ftudying to give a name to every 
(tar in the firmament, great or fmall. 

See Lev. x. 3, " And Aaron held his peace." Ye know his 
two fons were (lain, whilft they offered ftrange fire to the Lord. 
Command your thoughts to be filent. If the foldiers of Newcaftle 
had done this, ye might have ftomached ; but the weapon was in 
another hand. Hear the rod what it preacheth, and fee the name 
of God,* and know that there is fomewhat of God and heaven in 
the rod. The majefty of the unfearchable and bottomlefs ways and 
judgments of God is not feen in the rod ; and the feeing of them re- 
quireth the eyes of the man of wifdom. If the fufferings of fome 
other with you in that lofs could eafe you, ye want them not. But 
He can do no wrong. He cannot halt ; His goings are equal who 
hath done it. I know our Lord aimeth at more mortification ; let Him 
not come in vain to your houfe, and lofe the pains of a merciful viflt. 
God, the Founder, never melteth in vain ; howbeit to us He feemeth 
often to lofe both fire and metal. But I know ye are more in 
this work than I can be. There is no caufe to faint or be weary. 

Grace be with you -, and the rich confolations of Jefus Chrift 
fweeten your crofs, and fupport you under it. I reft, 
Yours, in his Lord and Mafter, 

S. R. 
London, Oct. 15, 1645. 

CCCXIL — To Mistress Hume, on her Hujbancts Death. 

[This lady, it is highly probable, was Barbara Mein, the daughter of 
Barbara Hamilton, noticed above, and the wife of Mr William Hume, 
minifter, who had gone to England with the Covenanters' army, and who 
had died at Newcaftle, probably from wounds inflicted by the enemy. In the 
Index of the unprinted Acts of the General AfTembly of 1645, there is an Act 
entitled, i i Recommendation of Barbara Mein's Petition to the Parliament ; " 
and in the Index of the unprinted Ads of the General AfTembly of 1646, 

Micah vi. 9. 

322 LETTER CCCXIL [1645. 

there is an Act entitled, " Ad: in favours of Barbara Mein, relicl: of umwhile 
Mr William Hume, minifter." The object of this letter is to adminifter 
comfort to Mrs Hume under that painful bereavement. 


OVING SISTER,— Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 
— If ye have anything better than the hufband of your 
youth, ye are Jefus ChrifVs debtor for it. Pay not then 
your debts with grudging. Sorrow may diminifh from the fweet 
fruit of righteoufnefs ; but quietnefs, filence, fubmiflion, and faith, 
put a crown upon your fad lofles. Ye know whofe voice the voice 
of a crying rod is. # The name and majefty of the Lord is written 
on the rod ; read and be inftrufred. Let Chrift have the room of 
the hufband. He hath now no need of you, or of your love ; for 
he enjoy eth as much of the love of Chrift as his heart can be 
capable of. I confefs that it is a dear-bought experience, to teach 
you to undervalue the creature ; yet it is not too dear if Chrift 
think it fo. I know that the difputing of your thoughts againft his 
going thither, the way and manner of his death, the inffruments, 
the place, the time, will not eafe your fpirits ; except ye rife higher 
than fecond caufes, and be filent becaufe the Lord hath done it. If 
we meafure the goings of the Almighty, and His ways (the bottom 
whereof we fee not), we quite miftake God. Oh, how little a por- 
tion of God do we fee ! He is far above our ebbf and narrow 
thoughts. He ruled the world in wifdom, ere we, creatures of 
yefterday, were born ; and will rule it when we fhall be lodging 
befide the worm and corruption. Only learn heavenly wifdom, 
felf-denial, and mortification, by this fad lofs. I know that it is 
not for nothing (except ye deny God to be wife in all He doeth) 
that ye have loft one in earth. There hath been too little of your 
love and heart in heaven, and therefore the jealoufy of Chriil hath 
done this. It is a mercy that He contendeth with you and all your 
lovers. I mould defire no greater favour for myfelf than that 

* Micah vi. 9. f Shallow. 

1645.] LETTER CCCXIIL 323 

Chrift laid a neceflity, and took on fuch bonds upon Himfelf : 
"Such a one I muft have, and fuch a foul I cannot live in heaven 
without."* And, believe it -, it is incomprehensible lovef that Chrift 
faith, " If I enjoy the glory of My Father and the crown of heaven, 
far above men and angels, I muft ufe all means, though ever fo 
violent, to have the company of fuch a one for ever and ever." If, 
with the eyes of wifdom, as a child of wifdom, ye juftify your 
mother, the Wifdom of God (whofe child ye are), ye will kifs and 
embrace this lofs, and fee much of Chrift in it. Believe and fubmit ; 
and refer the income of the confolations of Jefus, and the event of 
the trial, to your heavenly Father, who numbereth all your hairs. 
And put Chrift into His own room in your love ; it may be He 
hath either been out of His own place, or in a place of love inferior 
to His worth. Repair J Chrift in all His wrongs done to Him, and 
love Him for a Hufband ; and He that is a Hufband to the widow 
will be that to you which He hath taken from you. 
Grace be with you. 

Your fympathizing brother, 

S. R. 
London, 08. 15, 1645. 

CCCXIIL — To the Viscountess Kenmure. 
ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to your Ladyfhip. 

— Though Chrift lofe no time, yet, when finful men 
drive His chariot, the wheels of His chariot move 
(lowly. The woman, Zion, as foon as fhe travailed, brought forth 
her children ; yea, " before fhe travailed, ftie brought forth ; before 
her pain came, fhe was delivered of a man-child : " § yet the deli- 

* John x. 16. 

t It is incomprehenfibly great love for Chrift to fay. 

% Make amends to Chrift. § I fa. lxvi. 7. 

324 LETTER CCCXIIL [1645. 

verance of the people was with the woman's going with child 
feventy years. That is more than nine months. There be many 
oppofitions in carrying on the work ; but I hope that the Lord will 
build His own Zion, and evidence to us that it is done, " not by 
might nor by power, but by the Spirit of the Lord." 

Madam, I have heard of your infirmities of body, and ficknefs. 
I know the ifTue fhall be mercy to you, and that God's purpofe, 
which lieth hidden under ground to you, is to commend the fweet- 
nefs of His love and care to you from your youth. And if all the 
fad loiTes, trials, ficknefTes, infirmities, griefs, heavinefs, and incon- 
ftancy of the creature, be expounded (as fure I am they are) # the 
rods of the jealoufy of an Hufband in heaven, contending with all 
your lovers on earth, though there were millions of them, for your 
love, to fetch more of your love home to heaven, to make it fingle, 
unmixed, and chafte, to the Faireft in heaven and earth, to Jefus 
the Prince of ages, ye will forgive (to borrow that word) every rod 
of God, and " not let the fun go down on your wrath" againfl any 
meflenger of your afflicting and correcting Father. Since your 
Ladyfhip cannot but fee that the mark at which Chrift hath aimed 
thefe twenty-four years and above, is, to have the company and 
fellowship of fuch a finful creature in heaven with Him for all 
eternity ; and, becaufe He will not (fuch is the power of His love) 
enjoy His Father's glory, and that crown due to Him by eternal 
generation, without you, by name,f therefore, Madam, believe no 
evil of Chrift : liften to no hard reports that His rods make of Him 
to you. He hath loved you, and wafhed you from your fins ; and 
what would ye have more ? Is that too little, except He adjourn 
all crofTes, till ye be where ye fhall be out of all capacity to figh or 
be crofTed ? I hope that ye can defire no more, no greater, nor 
more excellent fuit, than Chrift and the fellowfhip of the Lamb for 
evermore. And if that defire be anfwered in heaven (as I am fure 
it is, and ye cannot deny but it is made fure to you), the want of 
thefe poor accidents, of a living hufband, of many children, of an 

* Expounded to be the rods. f John xvii. 24 ; x. 16 ; xiv. 3. 

1645.] LETTER CCCX1V. 325 

healthful body, of a life of eafe in the world, without one knot in 
the rufh, are nobly made up, and may be comfortably borne. 
Grace, grace be with your Ladyfhip. 

Your Ladyfhip's, at all obedience in Chrift, 
London, 03. 16, 1645. S. R. 

CCCXIV. — To Barbara Hamilton, on her Son-in-law Jlain in 
battle. [Let. 312.] 


OVING SISTER, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. 
— I have heard with grief that Newcaftle hath taken 
one more in a bloody account than before, even your 
fon-in-law and my friend. But I hope you have learned that* much 
of Chrift as not to look to wheels rolled round about on earth. 
Earthen veffels are not to difpute with their Former. Pieces of 
mining clay may, by reafoning and contending with the potter, mar 
the work of Him " who hath His fire in Zion, and His furnace in 
Jerufalem ; " as bullocks fweating and wreftling in the furrow make 
their yoke more heavy. In quietnefs and reft ye (hall be faved. If 
men do anything contrary to your heart, we may afk both, " Who 
did it ?" and " What is done ?" and " Why ?" When God hath 
done any fuch thing, we are to inquire, " Who hath done it ?" and 
to know that this cometh from the Lord, who is " wonderful in 
counfel ;" but we are not to afk, " What ?" or " Why ?" If it be 
from the Lord (as certainly there is no evil in the city without Himf ), 
it is enough ; the fairefl face of His fpotlefs way is but coming, and 
ye are to believe His works as well as His word. Violent death is a 
fharer with Chrift in His death, which was violent. It maketh not 
much what way we go to heaven : the happy home is all, where 
the roughnefs of the way fhall be forgotten. He is gone home to 

* So much. t Amos iii. 6. 

326 LETTER CCCXIV. [1645. 

a Friend's houfe, and made welcome, and the race is ended : time is 
recompenfed with eternity, and copper with gold. God's order is 
in wifdom j the hufband goeth home before the wife. And the 
throng of the market mall be over ere it be long, and another gene- 
ration be where we now are, and at length an empty houfe, and 
not one of mankind mall be upon the earth, within the fixth part of 
an hour after the earth and works that are therein mail be burnt up 
with fire. I fear more that Chrift is about to remove, when He 
carrieth home fo much of His plenifhing* beforehand. 

We cannot teach the Almighty knowledge. When He was 
directing the bullet againft His fervant to fetch out the foul, no wife 
man could cry to God, "Wrong, wrong, Lord, for he is Thine 
own !" There is no mift over His eyes who is "wonderful in 
counfel." If Zion be builded with your fon-in-law's blood, the 
Lord (deep in counfel) can glue together the ftones of Zion with 
blood, and with that blood which is precious in His eyes. Chrift 
hath fewer labourers in His vineyard than He had, but more wit- 
nefTes for His caufe and the Lord's covenant with the three nations. 
What is Chrift's gain is not your lofs. Let not that, which is His 
holy and wife will, be your unbelieving forrow. 

Though I really judge that I had intereft in His dead fervant, 
vet, becaufe he now liveth to Chrift, I quit the hopes which I had 
of his fuccefsful labouring in the miniflry. I know he now praifeth 
the grace that he was to preach •, and if there were a better thing 
on his head now in heaven than a crown, or anything more excel- 
lent than heaven, he would caft it down before His feet who fitteth 
on the throne. Give glory, therefore, to Chrift, as he now doeth, 
and fay, " Thy will be done." 

The grace and confolation of Chrift be with you. 
Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
London, Nov* 15, 1645. 

* Furniture of the houfe. 

1645.] LETTER CCCXV. 327 

CCCXV.— To a Chriftian Friend, upon the death of his Wife. 

ORTHY FRIEND,— I defire to fuffer with you, in the 
lofs of a loving and good wife, now gone before (ac- 
cording to the method and order of Him of whofe 

underftanding there is no fearching out) whither ye are to follow. 
He that made yefterday to go before this day, and the former gene- 
ration, in birth and life, to have been before this prefent generation, 
and hath made fome flowers to grow and die and wither in the 
month of May, and others in June, cannot be challenged* in the 
order He hath made of things without fouls ; and fome order He 
muft keep alfo here, that one might bury another. Therefore I 
hope ye mall be dumb and filent, becaufe the Lord hath done it. 

What creatures or under-caufes do, in finful miftakes, are 
ordered in wifdom by your Father, at whofe feet your own foul 
and your heaven lieth ; and fo the days of your wife. If the place 
fhe hath left were any other than a prifon of fin, and the home fhe 
is gone to any other than where her Head and Saviour is King of 
the land, your grief had been more rational. But I truft your faith 
of the refurreclion of the dead in Chrift to glory and immortality, 
will lead you to fufpend your longing for her, till the morning and 
dawning of that day when the archangel mail defcend with a fhout, 
to gather all the prifoners out of the grave, up to Himfelf. To be- 
lieve this is belt for you , and to be fdent, becaufe He hath done it, 
is your wifdom. 

It is much to come out of the Lord's fchool of trial wifer, and 
more experienced in the ways of God ; and it is our happinefs, when 
Chrift openeth a vein, that He taketh nothing but ill blood from 
His fick ones. Chrift hath fkill to do ; and (if our corruption mar 
not) the art of mercy in correcting. We cannot of ourfelves take 
away the tin> the lead, and the fcum that remaineth in us ; and if 

* Found fault with. 

328 LETTER CCCXVL [1646. 

Chrift be not Mafter-of-work, and if the furnace go its lone* (He 
not ftanding nigh the melting of His own vefTel), the labour were 
loft, and the Founder mould melt in vain. God knoweth fome of 
us have loft f much fire, fweating, and pains to our Lord Jefus ; and 
the vefTel is almoft marred, the furnace and rod of God fpilled, the 
daylightf burnt, and the reprobate metal not taken away, fo as 
fome are to anfwer to the Majefty of God for the abufe of many 
good crofles, and rich afflictions loft without the quiet fruit of 
righteoufnefs. It is a fad thing when the rod is curfed, that never 
fruit fhall grow on it. And except Chrift's dew fall down, and 
His fummer-fun fhine, and His grace follow afflictions to caufe them 
to bring forth fruit to God, they are fo fruitlefs to us, that our 
evil ground (rank and fat enough for briers) cafteth up a crop of 
noifome weeds. " The rod" (as the prophet faith) " blofTometh, 
pride buddeth forth, violence rifeth up into a rod of wickednefs." § 
And all this hath been my cafe under many rods fince I faw you. 
Grace be with you. 

Yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 
London, 1645. & ^- 

CCCXVI. — To a Chriftian Brother, on the death of his Daughter. 



It may be that I have been too long filent, but I hope 
that ye will not impute it to forgetfulnefs of you. 

* By itfelf. f " Loft, " in the fenfe of coding labour in vain. 

t Theallufion is to 29. " Daylight" is an odd variation from our 
common verfion. Could Rutherford have been reading Jeremiah in the Sep- 
tuagint Greek verfion ? There the word is Qvorrrvip y " blowpipe," or " bel- 
lows ,-" but we might fuppofe that his eye miftook the word for (paarvip, 
" lightgiver," and fometimes "window-light." The Scotch phrafe, "to 
burn daylight," means to wafte time and opportunity. 

§ Ezek. vii. 10, 11. 

1646.] LETTER CCCXVL 329 

As I have heard of the death of your daughter with heavinefs 
of mind on your behalf, fo am I much comforted that me hath 
evidenced to yourfelf and other witnefles the hope of the refurreclion 
of the dead. As fown corn is not loft (for there is more hope of 
that which is fown than of that which is eaten*), fo alfo is it in 
the refurreclion of the dead : the body " is fown in corruption, it 
is raifed in incorruption ; it is fown in difhonour, it is raifed in glory."* 
I hope that ye wait for the crop and harveft ; " for if we believe 
that Jefus died and rofe again, even fo them alfo which deep in Jefus 
will God bring with Him."f Then they are not loft who are 
gathered into that congregation of the firit-born, and the general 
afTembly of the faints. Though we cannot outrun nor overtake 
them that are gone before, yet we fhall quickly follow them ; and 
the difference is, that fhe hath the advantage of fbme months or 
years of the crown before you and her mother. As we do not take 
it ill if our children outrun us in the life of grace, why then are we 
fad if they outftrip us in the attainment of the life of glory ? It 
would feem that there is more reafon to grieve that children live 
behind us, than that they are glorified and die before us. All the 
difference is in fome poor hungry accidents of time, lefs or more, 
fooner or later. So the godly child, though young, died an hundred 
years old ; and ye could not now have bellowed her better, though 
the choice was Chrift's, not yours. 

And I am fure, Sir, ye cannot now fay that fhe is married againf t 
the will of her parents. She might more readily, if alive, fall into 
the hands of a worfe hufband ; but can ye think that fhe could have 
fallen into the hands of a better ? And if Chrift. marry with your 
houfe, it is your honour, not any caufe of grief, that Jefus mould 
portion any of yours, ere fhe enjoy your portion. Is it not great 
love ? The patrimony is more than any other could give ; as good 
a hufband is impoffible ; to fay a better is blafphemy. The King and 
Prince of ages can keep them better than ye can do. While fhe 
was alive, ye could entrufl her to Chrift, and recommend her to His 

1 Cor. xv. 4a, 43. f 1 Thefs. iv. 14. 

33o LETTER CCCXVIL [1646. 

keeping ; now, by an after-faith, ye have refigned her unto Him in 
whofe bofom do fleep all that are dead in the Lord. Ye would 
have lent her to glorify the Lord upon earth, and He hath borrowed 
her (with promife to reftore her again*) to be an organ of the im- 
mediate glorifying of Himfelf in heaven. Sinlefs glorifying of God 
is better than finful glorifying of Him. And fure your prayers con- 
cerning her are fulfilled. I mail defire, if the Lord fhall be pleafed 
the fame way to difpofe of her mother, that ye have the fame mind. 
Chrift cannot multiply injuries upon you. If the fountain be the 
love of God (as I hope it is), ye are enriched with lofTes. 

Ye knew all I can fay better, before I was in Chrift, than I 
can exprefs it. Grace be with you. 

Yours, in Chrift Jefus, 

S. R. 

London, Jan. 6, 1646. 

CCCXVIL— To a Chriftian Gentlewoman. 


ISTRESS, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — If 
death, which is before you and us all, were any other 
thing than a friendly diffolution, and a change, not a 
deftruttion of life, it would feem a hard voyage to go through fuch 
a fad and dark trance, \ fo thorny a valley, as is the wages of fin. 
But I am confident the way ye know, though your foot never trod 
in that black fhadow. The lofs of life is gain to you. If Chrift. 
Jefus be the period, the end, and lodging-home, at the end of your 
journey, there is no fear ; ye go to a friend. And fince ye have 
had a communion with Him in this life, and He hath a pawn or pledge 
of yours, even the largeft fhare of your love and heart, ye may look 
death in the face with joy. 

* 1 Cor. xv. 53; 1 Thefs. iv. 15, 16. t Paflage. 

1646.] LETTER CCCXVIL 331 

If the heart be in heaven, the remnant of you cannot be kept 
the prifoner of the fecond death. But though He be the fame 
Chrift in the other life that ye found Him to be here, yet He is fo 
far in His excellency, beauty, fweetnefs, irradiations, and beams of 
majefty, above what He appeared here, when He is feen as He is, 
that ye mall mifken * Him, and He mail appear a new Chrift. And 
His kifTes, breathings, embracements, the perfume, the ointment of 
His name poured out on you, mail appear to have more of God, 
and a ftronger fmell of heaven, of eternity, of a Godhead, of majefty 
and glory, there than here ; as water at the fountain, apples in the 
orchard and befide the tree, have more of their native fweetnefs, 
tafte, and beauty, than when tranfported to us fome hundred miles. 

I mean not that Chrift can lofe any of His fweetnefs in the carry- 
ing, or that He, in His Godhead and lovelinefs of prefence, can be 
changed to the worfe, betwixt the little fpot of the earth that ye are 
in, and the right hand of the Father far above all heavens. But 
the change will be in you, when ye mall have new fenfes, and the 
foul fhall be a more deep and more capacious vefTel, to take in more 
of Chrift ; and when means (the chariot, the Gofpel, that He is 
now carried in, and ordinances that convey Him) fhall be removed. 
Sure ye cannot now be faid to fee Him face to face ; or to drink of 
the wine of the higheft fountain, or to take in feas and tides of frefh 
love immediately, without vefTels, midfes,f or meflengers, at the 
Fountain itfelf, as ye will do a few days hence, when ye fhall be fo 
near as to be with Chrift. J 

Ye would, no doubt, beftow a day's journey, yea, many days' 
journey on earth, to go up to heaven, and fetch down anything of 
Chrift ; how much more may ye be willing to make a journey to go 
in perfon to heaven (it is not loft time, but gained eternity) to enjoy 
the full Godhead ! And then, in fuch a manner as He is there ! 
not in His week-day's apparel, as He is here with us, in a drop or 
the tenth part of a night's dewing of grace and fweetnefs ; but He 

* Overlook, not know. f Means, mediums, 

t Luke xxiii. 43 ; John xvii. 24 ; Phil. i. 23 ; 1 Thefs. iv. 17. 

332 LETTER CCCXVIL [1646. 

is there in His marriage-robe of glory, richer, more coftly, more 
precious, in one hem or button of that garment of Fountain majefty 
than a million of worlds. Oh, the well is deep ! Ye fhall then 
think that preachers, and finful ambaffadors on earth, did but fpill 
and mar His praifes, when they fpoke of Him and preached His 

Alas ! we but make Chrift. black and lefs lovely, in making fuch 
infignificant, and dry, and cold, and low expreflions of His higheft 
and tranfcendent fuper-excellency to the daughters of Jerufalem. 
Sure I have often, for my own part, finned in this thing. No doubt 
angels do not fulfil their tafk, according to their obligation, in that 
Chrift keeps their feet from falling with the loft devils ; though I 
know they are not behind in going to the utmoft. of created power. 
But there is fin in our praifing, and fin in the quantity, befides other 
fins. But I mull: leave this ; it is too deep for me. Go and fee, 
and we defire to go with you j but we are not matters of our own 
diet. If, in that laft journey, ye tread on a ferpent in the way, and 
thereby wound your heel, as Jefus Chrift did before you, the print of 
the wound fhall not be known at the refurrection of the juft. Death 
is but an awefome* flep, over time and fin, to fweet Jefus Chrift, 
who knew and felt the worft of death, for death's teeth hurt Him. 
We know death hath no teeth now, no jaws, for they are broken. 
It is a free prifon ; citizens pay nothing for the grave. The jailor 
who had the power of death is deftroyed : praife and glory be to 
the Firft-begotten of the dead. 

The worfl poffible that may be is, that ye leave behind you 
children, hufband, and the Church of God in miferies. But ye can- 
not get them to heaven with you for the prefent. Ye fhall not mifs 
them, and Chrift cannot mifcount one of the pooreft of His lambs. 
No lad, no girl, no poor one fhall be a-mhTing, eref ye fee them again, 
in the day that the Son fhall render up the kingdom to His Father. 

The evening and the fhadow of every poor hireling is coming. 

* Full of awe, folemn. 

t None fhall be loft in the interval between this prefent time and ere. 

1646.] LETTER CCCXVIL 333 

The fun of Chrift's Church in this life is declining low. Not a foul 
of the militant company will be here within a few generations ; our 
Hufband will fend for them all. It is a rich mercy that we are not 
married to time longer than the courfe be finiflied. 

Ye may rejoice that ye go not to heaven till ye know that Jefus 
is there before you ; that when ye come thither, at your firit entry 
ye may feel the fmell of His ointments, His myrrh, aloes, and caifia. 
And this firit. falutation of His will make you find it is no uncom- 
fortable thing to die. Go and enjoy your gain; live on Chrift's 
love while ye are here, and all the way. 

As for the Church which ye leave behind you, the government 
is upon Chrift's moulders, and He will plead for the blood of His 
faints. The Bufh hath been burning above five thoufand years, and 
we never yet faw the ames of this fire. Yet a little while, and the 
vifion mail not tarry : it will fpeak, and not lie. I am more afraid 
of my duty, than of the Head Chrifl's government. He cannot fail 
to bring judgment to victory. Oh that we could wait for our hid- 
den life ! Oh that Chrifl would remove the covering, draw afide 
the curtain of time, and rend the heavens, and come down ! Oh 
that fhadows and night were gone, that the day would break, and 
that He who feedeth among the lilies would cry to His heavenly 
trumpeters, " Make ready, let us go down and fold together the 
four corners of the world, and marry the bride ! " His grace be 
with you. 

Now, if I have found favour with you, and if ye judge me faith- 
ful, my lafl fuit to you is that ye would leave me a legacy ; and that 
is, that my name may be, at the very laft, in your prayers : as I defire 
alfo, it may be in the prayers of thofe of your Chriftian acquaintance 
with whom ye have been intimate. 

Your brother, in his own Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
London, Jan. 9, 1646. 



334 LETTER CCCXVllh [1646. 

CCCXVIII. — To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — It is the 
leaft of the princely and royal bounty of Jefus Chriil: 
to pay a king's debts, and not to have His fervants at 
a lofs. His gold is better than yours, and His hundred-fold is the 
income and rent of heaven, and far above your revenues. Ye are 
not the firft who have caften up your accounts that way. Better 
have Chriil: your factor than any other ; for He tradeth to the ad- 
vantage of His poor fervants. But if the hundred-fold in this life 
be fo well told (as Chriil: cannot pay you with mifcounting or de- 
ferred hope), oh, what mull: the rent of that land be which ren- 
dereth (every day and hour of the years of long eternity) the whole 
rent of a year, yea, of more than thoufand thoufands of ages, even 
the weighty income of a rich kingdom, not every fummer once, but 
every moment. 

That fum of glory will take you and all the angels telling.* To 
be a tenant to fuch a Landlord, where every berry and grape of the 
large field beareth no worfe fruit than glory, fulnefs of joy, and 
pleafures that endure for evermore ! I leave it to yourfelf to think 
what a fummer, what a foil, what a garden mull: be there •, and 
what mufl be the commodities of that highefr. land, where the fun 
and the moon are under the feet of the inhabitants ! Surely the land 
cannot be bought with gold, blood, banifhment, lofs of father and 
mother, hufband, wife, children. We but dwell here becaufe we 
can do no better. It is need, not virtue, to be fojourners in a 
prifon ; to weep and figh, and, alas ! to fin fixty or feventy years in 
a land of tears. The fruits that grow here are all feafoned and 
faked with fin. 

Oh how fweet is it that the company of the firft-born mould be 

* Will require all your power, and that of angels too, to unfold. 

1646.] LETTER CCCXIX. 335 

divided into two great bodies of an army, and fome in their country, 
and fome in the way to their country ! If it were no more than 
once # to fee the face of the Prince of this good land, and to be 
feafled for eternity with the fatnefs, fweetnefs, dainties of the rays 
and beams of matchlefs glory, and incomparable fountain-love, it 
were a well-fpent journey to creep hands and feet through feven 
deaths and feven hells, to enjoy Him up at the well-head. Only let 
us not weary : the miles to that land are fewer and fhorter than 
when we firft believed. Strangers are not wife to quarrel with 
their hoft, and complain of their lodging. It is a foul way, but a 
fair home. Oh that I had but fuch grapes and clufters out of the 
land as I have fometimes feen and tafted in the place whereof your 
Ladyfhip maketh mention ! But the hope of it in the end is a heart- 
fome convoy f in the way. If I fee little more of the gold J till the 
race be ended, I dare not quarrel. It is the Lord ! I hope His 
chariot will go through thefe three kingdoms, after our fufFerings 
fhall be accomplished. 
Grace be with you. 

Your Ladyfhip's, in Jefus Chrifl, 

S. R. 
London, Jan. 26, 1646. 

CCCXIX.— To Mr J. G. § 



my foul defire the peace of thefe kingdoms, and I do 
believe it will at lafl come, as a river and as the mighty 

* Some time or other ; fooner or later. f Cheerful accompaniment. 

% In a fermon preached at Kirkcudbright, in 1634, on Heb. xii. 1-3, he 
fays, " This condemns thofe who will not run one foot in the race except the 
gold be in their hand." 

§ Perhaps Mr James Guthrie. 

33^ LETTER CCCXIX. [1646. 

waves of the Tea ; but oh that we were ripe and in readinefs to re- 
ceive it ! The preferring of two or three, or four or five berries, 
in the utmoft boughs of the olive-tree, after the vintage, is like to be 
a great matter ere all be done ; yet I know that a clufter in both 
kingdoms mail be faved, for a blefling is in it. But it is not, I fear, 
fo near to the dawning of the day of falvation but the clouds muft 
fend down more mowers of blood to water the vineyard of the 
Lord, and to caufe it to bloffom. Scotland's fcum is not yet re- 
moved ; nor is England's drofs and tin taken away ; nor the filth of 
our blood " purged by the fpirit of judgment, and the fpirit of 
burning." But I am too much on this fad fubjecl. 

As for myfelf, I do efteem nothing out of heaven, and next to a 
communion with Jefus Chrift, more than to be in the hearts and 
prayers of the faints. I know that He feedeth there among the 
lilies, till the day break ; but I am at low ebb, as to any fenfible 
communion with Chrift ; yea, as low as any foul can be, and do 
fcarce know where I am ; and do now make it a queftion, if any 
can go to Him, who dwelleth in light inacceffible, through nothing 
but darknefs. Sure, all that come to heaven have a ftock in Chrift ; 
but I know not where mine is. It cannot be enough for me to be- 
lieve the falvation of others, and to know Chrift to be the Honey- 
comb, the Rofe of Sharon, the Paradife and Eden of the faints, and 
Firft-born written in heaven, and not to fee afar the borders of that 
good land. 

But what fhall I fay? Either this is the Lord, making grace a 
new creation, where there is pure nothing and finful nothing to 
work upon, or I am gone. I mould count my foul engaged to 
yourfelf, and others there with you, if ye would but carry to Chrift 
for me a letter of cyphers* and nonfenfe (for I know not how to 
make language of my condition), only fhowing that I have need 
of His love •, for I know many fair and wafhen ones ftand now in 
white before the throne, who were once as black as I am. If 
Chrift pafs His word to wafh a finner, it is lefs to Him than a word 

* Nothings. 

1646.] LETTER CCCXX. 337 

to make fair angels of black devils ! Only let the art of free grace 
be engaged. I have not a cautioner * to give furety, nor doth a 
Mediator, fuch as He is in all perfection, need a mediator. But what 
I need, He knoweth ; only, it is His depth of wifdom to let fome pafs 
millions of miles over fcore in debt, that they may frand between the 
winning and the lofing, in need of more than ordinary free grace. 

Chrift. hath been multiplying grace by mercy above thefe five 
thoufand years ; and the later born heirs have fo much greater 
guiltinefs, thatf Chriit hath palTed more experiments and multiplied 
efTays of heart-love on others, by mifbelieving (after it is pafl all 
quefHon, many hundreds of ages), that Chrift is the undeniable and 
now. uncontroverted treafurer of multiplied redemptions. So now 
He is faying, "The more of the difeafe there is, the more of the 
phyfician's art of grace and tendernefs there mult, be." Only, I 
know that no finner can put infinite grace to it,f fo as the Mediator 
mail have difficulty, or much ado, to fave this or that man. Millions 
of hells of finners cannot come near to exhaufl: infinite grace. 

I pray you (remembering my love to your wife, and friends 
there) , let me find that I have folicitors there amongft your acquaint- 
ance ; and forget not Scotland. 

Your brother in Jefus Chriit, 
London, Jam 30, 1646. S. R. 

CCCXX. — To my Lady Kenmure. 



I AD AM, — It is too like that the Lord's controverfy with 
thefe two nations is but yet beginning, and that we 
are ripened and white for the Lord's fickle. 
For the particular condition your Ladyfhip is in, another might 
fpeak (if they would fay all) of more fad things. If there was not 

* Surety. f Seeing that. 

X u To put one to it/' is a phrafe equivalent to, " Caufe him to be at a 
lofs how to act." 


338 LETTER CCCXX. [1646. 

a fountain of free grace to water dry ground, and an uncreated 
wind to breathe on withered and dry bones, we were gone. The 
wheels of Chrift's chariot (to pluck us out of the womb of many 
deaths) are winged like eagles. All I have is, to defire to believe 
that Chrift will mow all good- will to fave ; and as for your Ladyfhip, 
I know that our Lord Jefus carrieth on no defign againft you, but 
feeketh to fave and redeem you. He lieth not in wait for your falls, ex- 
cept it be to take you up. His way of redeeming is ravifhing and taking. 
There are more miracles of glorified finners in heaven than can be on 
earth. Nothing of you, Madam, nay, not even your leaf, can wither. 

Verily, it is a king's life to follow the Lamb. But when ye fee 
Him in His own country at home, ye will think ye never faw Him 
before : "He (hall be admired of all them that believe."* Ye may 
judge how far all your now fad days, and toffings, changes, lofTes, 
wants, conflicts, (hall then be below you. Ye look to the crofs : 
now it is above your head, and feemeth to threaten death, as having 
a dominion ; but it mail then be fo far below your thoughts, or your 
thoughts fo far above it, that ye {hall have no leifure to lend one 
thought to old-datedf crofTes, in youth, in age, in this country or in 
that, from this inftrument or from another, except it be to the height- 
ening of your confolation, being now got above and beyond all thefe. 

Old age, and " waxing old as a garment," is written on the 
faireft face of the creation. \ Death, from Adam to the Second 
Adam's Appearance, playeth the king, and reigneth over all. The 
prime Heir died ; His children, whom the Lord hath given, follow 
Him. And we may fpeak freely of the life which is here ; were it 
heaven, there were not much gain in godlinefs. But there is a reft for 
the people of God. Chrifr.-man§ pofTeffeth it now onethoufand fix 
hundred years before many of His members ; but it weareth not out. 

Grace be with you. 

Your Lady/hip's, in Chrift Jefus, 

London, Feb. 16, 1646. S. R. 

* 2 Thefs. i. 10. f Antiquated ; out of date. % Ps. cii. 26. 

§ Chrift as man ; as one of thofe who were once weary. 

1646.] LETTER CCCXXI. 339 

CCCXXI. — To the Lady Ardross, in Fife. 

[Lady Ardross, whofe maiden name was Helen Lindfay, was the 
daughter of Lady Chriftian Hamilton, eldeft daughter of Thomas, firft Earl 
of Haddington, by her firft hufband Robert, ninth Lord Lindfay of Byres. 
She was married to Sir William Scot of Ardrols, fon of Sir W. Scott of Elie. 
Her daughter, Euphemia, Countefs of Dundonald, fome thirty years after 
this, attended the field conventicles, and entertained the field preachers at her 
houfe. {Douglas' Peerage, vol. i., p. 386.) This letter was written to her on 
the occafion of the death of her mother, who was then Lady Boyd, having 
married for her fecond hufband, Robert, fixth Lord Boyd. (See notice of 
Lady Boyd, Let. 77.)] 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — It hath 
feemed good, as I hear, to Him that hath appointed the 
bounds for the number of our months, to gather in a 
fheaf of ripe corn, in the death of your Chriitian mother, into His 
garner. It is the more evident that winter is near, when apples, 
without the violence of wind, fall of their own accord off the tree. 
She is now above the winter, with a little change of place, not of a 
Saviour ; only fhe enjoyeth Him now without meflages, and in His 
own immediate prefence, from whom fhe heard by letters and mes- 
fengers before. 

I grant that death is to her a very new thing ; but heaven was 
prepared of old. And Chriit (as enjoyed in His higheft throne, 
and as loaded with glory, and incomparably exalted above men and 
angels, having fuch a heavenly circle of glorified harpers and mufi- 
cians above, comparing the throne with a fong) is to her a new 
thing, but fo new as the firft fummer-rofe, or the firft fruits of that 
heavenly field ; or as a new paradife to a traveller, broken and 
worn out of breath with the fad occurrences of a long and dirty 

Ye may eafily judge, Madam, what a large recompenfe is made 
to all her fervice, her walking with God, and her fbrrows, with the 

340 LETTER CCCXXL [1646. 

firft caft of the foul's eye upon the fhining and admirably beautiful 
face of the Lamb, that is in the midft of that fair and white army 
which is there, and with the firft draught and tafte of the fountain 
of life, freih and new at the well-head ; to fay nothing of the 
enjoying of that face without date, for more than this term of life 
which we now enjoy. And it coil her no more to go thither, than 
to fuffer death to do her this piece of fervice : for by Him who 
was dead, and is alive, fhe was delivered from the fecond death. 
What, then, is the firft death to the fecond ? Not a fcratch of the 
fkin of a finger to the endlefs fecond death. And now fhe fitteth 
for eternity mail-free,* in a very confiderablef land, which hath 
more than four fummers in the year. Oh, what fpring-time is 
there ! Even the fmelling of the odours of that great and eternally 
blooming Rofe of Sharon for ever and ever ! What a finging life 
is there ! There is not a dumb bird in all that large field ; but all 
fmg and breathe out heaven, joy, glory, dominion to the high 
Prince of that new-found land. And, verily, the land is the fweeter 
that Jefus Chrift paid fo dear a rent for it. And He is the glory of 
the land : all which, I hope, doth not fo much mitigate and allay 
your grief for her part (though truly this fhould feem fufficient), as 
the unerring expectation of the dawning of that day upon yourfelf, 
and the hope you have of the fruition of that fame King and king- 
dom to your own foul. Certainly the hope of it, when things look 
fo dark-like on both kingdoms, muft be an exceedingly great quick- 
ening to languifhing fpirits, who are far from home while we are 
here. What mifery, to have both a bad way all the day, and no 
hope of lodging at night ! But He hath taken up your lodging for you. 

I can fay no more now ; but I pray that the very God of peace 
may eftablifh your heart to the end. I reft, Madam, 

Your Ladyfhip's, at all refpeclivef obedience in the Lord, 

S. R. 

London, Feb. 24, 1646. 

* Rent free. f Worthy of regard, as in Let. 331 ? t Refpectful. 

1646.] LETTER CCCXXIL 341 


[Perhaps, as Let. 149, fome of Provoft Ofburn's family.] 


IR, — I can write nothing for the prefent concerning thele 
times (whatever others may think), but that which 
fpeaketh wrath and judgment to thefe kingdoms. If 
ever ye, or any of that land, received the Gofpel in truth (as I am 
confident ye and they did), there is here a great departure from 
that faith, and our fufFerings are not yet at an end. However, I 
dare teftify and die for it, that once Chrifl was revealed in the 
power of His excellency and glory to the faints there, and in Scot- 
land, of which I was a witnefs. I pray God that none deceive 
you, or take the crown from you. Hell, or the gates of hell, can- 
not ravel, mar, nor undo what Chrifl hath once done amongfl you. 
It may be that I am incapable of new light, and cannot receive that 
fpirit whereof fome vainly boafl , but that " which was from the 
beginning, which we have heard, which we have feen with our 
eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled," 
even " the word of life,"* hath been declared to you. Thoufands 
of thoufands, walking in that light and that good old way, have 
gone to heaven, and are now before the throne. Truth is but one, 
and hath no numbers. Chrifl and Antichrifl are both now in the 
camp, and are come to open blows. Chrifl's poor (hip faileth in 
the fea of blood ; the pafTengers are fo fea-fick of a high fever, that 
they mifcallf one another. Chrifl, I hope, will bring the broken 
bark to land. I had rather fwim for life and death on an old 
plank, or a broken board, to land with Chrifl, than enjoy the 
rotten peace we have hitherto had. It is like that the Lord will 

* 1 John i. 1. f Call each other abufive names. 

342 LETTER CCCXXIL [1646. 

take a fevere courfe with us, to caufe the children of the family to 
agree together. I conceive that Chrift hath a great defign of free 
grace to thefe lands ; but His wheels muff move over mountains 
and rocks. He never yet wooed a bride on earth, but in blood, in 
fire, and in the wildernefs. A crofs of our own choofing, honeyed 
and fugared with confolations, we cannot have. I think not much 
of a crofs when all the children of the houfe weep with me and 
for me -, and to fufTer when we enjoy the communion of the faints 
is not much ; but it is hard when faints rejoice in the fufFering of 
faints, and redeemed ones hurt (yea, even go nigh to hate) re- 
deemed ones. 

I confefs I imagined there had no more been fuch an affliction 
on earth, or in the world, as that one elect angel mould fight 
againft another ; but, for contempt of the communion of faints, we 
have need of new-born crolTes, fcarce ever heard of before. The 
faints are not Chrift : there is no mif judging in Him ; there is much 
in us ; and a doubt it is, if we fhall have fully one heart till we 
fhall enjoy one heaven. Our ftar-light hideth us from ourfelves, 
and hideth us from one another, and Chrifl from us all. But He 
will not be hidden from us. I fhall wifh that all the fons of our 
Father in that land were of one mind, and that they be not fhaken 
nor moved from the truth once received. Chrift was in that 
Gofpel, and Chrift is the fame now that He was in the prelates' 
time. That Gofpel cannot fink ; it will make you free, and bear 
you out. Chrift, the fubjecT: of it, is the chofen of God ; and 
cometh from Bozrah, with garments dyed in blood. Ireland and 
Scotland both muff be His field, in which He fhall feed and gather 
lilies. Suppofe (which yet is impofTible) that fome had an eternity 
of Chrifl: in Ireland, and a fweet fummer of the Gofpel, and a 
feaft of fat things for evermore in Ireland, and that one mould 
never come to heaven, it mould be a defirable life ! The King's 
fpikenard, Chrift's perfume, His apples of love, His ointments, even 
down in this lower houfe of clay, are a choice heaven. Oh ! what 
then is the King in His own land, where there is fuch a throne, fo 
many King's palaces, ten thoufand thoufands of crowns of glory 


that want heads yet to fill them ? Oh, fo much leifure as mall be 
there to fing ! Oh, fuch a tree as groweth there in the midfl: of 
that Paradife, where the inhabitants fing eternally under its branches ! 
To look in at a window, and fee the branches burdened with the 
apples of life, to be the laft man that mail come in thither, were 
too much for me. 

I pray you to remember me to the Chriftians there ; and re- 
member our private covenant. Grace be with you. 
Your friend in the Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

London, April 17, 1646. 

CCCXXIIL— To Earlston Elder. 


IR, — I know that ye have learned long ago, ere I knew 
anything of Chrift, that if we had the crofs at our own 
election, we would either have law-furety for freedom 
from it, or then* we would have it honeyed and fugared with com- 
forts, fo as the fweet mould overmafter the gall and wormwood. 
Chrift knoweth how to breed the fons of His houfe, and ye will give 
Him leave to take His own way of difpenfation with you ; and, though 
it be rough, forgive Him. He defieth you to have as much patience 
to Him as He hath borne to you. I am fure that there cannot be 
a dram-weight of gall lefs in your cup ; and ye would not defire 
He mould both afflict you and hurt your foul. When His people 
cannot have a providence of filk and rofes, they mull: be content 
with fuch an one as He carveth for them. Ye would not go to 
heaven but with company ; and ye may perceive that the way of 
thofe who went before you was through blood, fufTerings, and 

* Otherwife ; elfe. 

344 LETTER CCCXX1IL [1646. 

many afflictions. Nay, Chrift, the Captain, went in over the door- 
threfhold of Paradife bleeding to death. I do not think but* ye 
have learned to ftoop (though ye, as others, be naturally ftifF), and 
that ye have found that the apples and fweet fruits, which grow on 
that crabbed tree of the crofs, are as fweet as it is four to bear it ; 
efpecially confidering that Chrift. hath borne the whole complete 
crofs, and that His faints bear but bits and chips ; as the Apoftle 
faith, " the remnants," or " leavings," of the crofs.f 

I judge you ten thoufand times happy, that ever ye were grace's 
debtor ; for certainly Chrift hath engaged you over head and ears 
to free grace. And take the debt with you to eternity, Immanuel's 
higheft land, where ye find before you a houfeful of Chrift's ever- 
lafting debtors ; the lefs fhame to you. Yea, and this lower king- 
dom of grace is but ChriiVs hofpital, and gueft-houfe of fick folks, 
whom the brave and noble Phyfician, Chrift, hath cured, upon a 
venture of life and death. And, if ye be near the water-fide (as I 
know ye are), all that I can fay is this, Sir, that I feel by the fmell 
of that land which is before you, that it is a goodly country, and it 
is well paid for to your hand. And He is before you who will 
heartily welcome you. Oh, to fuck thofe breafts of full confolation 
above, and to drink Chrift's new wine up in His Father's houfe, is 
fome greater matter than is believed ; fince it was brewed from 
eternity for the Head of the houfe, and fo many thoufand crowned 
kings. Rubs in the way, where the lodging is fo good, are not 

He that brought again from the dead the Great Shepherd of 
the fheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant, eftablifh you to 
the end. 

Your friend and fervant in Chrift Jefus, 

S. R. 

London, May 15, 1646. 

* I entertain no other thought than that you have learned. 
f Col. i. 24. 

1648.] LETTER CCCXXIV. 345 

CCCXXIV. — To his Reverend and worthy Brother, Mr George 



to you. The way ye know ; the pafTage is free and 
not flopped ; the print of the footfteps of the Fore- 
runner is clear and manifeft ; many have gone before you. Ye 
will not fleep long in the dult, before the daybreak. It is a far 
fhorter piece of the hinder-end of the night to you than to Abraham 
and Mofes. Befide all the time of their bodies refting under cor- 
ruption, it is as long yet to their day as to your morning-light 
of awaking to glory, though their fpirits, having the advantage of 
yours, have had now the fore-itart of the more before you. 

I dare fay nothing againft His difpenfation. I hope to follow 
quickly. The heirs that are not there before you are potting with 
hafte after you, and none mail take your lodging over your head. 
Be not heavy. The life of faith is now called for ; doing was never 
reckoned in your accounts, though Chrift in and by you hath done 
more than by twenty, yea, an hundred grey-haired and . godly 
paftors. Believing now is your laft.f Look to that word, " Never- 
thelefs I live, yet not I, but Chrift liveth in me." J Ye know the 
i" that liveth, and the / that liveth not ; it is not fingle Te that live.§ 
Chrifl by law liveth in the broken debtor ; it is not a life by doing 
or holy walking, but the living of Chrifl: in you. If ye look to 
yourfelf as divided from Chrift, ye muit be more than heavy. All 
your wants, dear brother, be upon Him : ye are His debtors ; grace 
muft fum and fubfcribe your accounts as paid. Stand not upon 
items, and fmall or little fandtification. Ye know that inherent holinefs 

* Gillefpie was lying on his death-bed when this letter was written to him 
by Rutherford, who had heard of the dangerous illnefs of his friend. He died 
on the 1 7th of December following. 

t Your believing now is your laft believing ; clofing the whole eourie. 

% Gal. ii. 20. § It is not you by yourfelf. 

346 LETTER CCCXXIV. [1648. 

mull ftand by, when imputed is all. I fear the clay houfe is a-taking 
down and undermining : but it is nigh the dawning. Look to the 
ealt, the dawning of the glory is near. Your Guide is good com- 
pany, and knoweth all the miles, and the ups and downs in the 
way. The nearer the morning, the darker. Some travellers fee the 
city twenty miles off, and at a diftance ; and yet within the eighth 
part of a mile they cannot fee it. It is all keeping that ye would 
now have, till ye need it ; and if fenfe and fruition come both at 
once, it is not your lofs. Let Chrilt tutor you as He thinketh good •, 
ye cannot be marred, nor mifcarry, in His hand. Want is an excel- 
lent qualification ; and " no money, no price," to you (who, I know, 
dare not glory in your own righteoufnefs) is fitnefs warrantable 
enough to calt yourfelf upon Him who jultifieth the ungodly. Some 
fee the gold* once, and never again till the race's end. It is com- 
ing all in a fum together, when ye are in a more gracious capacity 
to tell it than now. " Ye are not come to the mount that burneth 
with fire, or unto blacknefs, darknefs, and tempelt ; but ye are 
come to Mount Zion, unto the city of the living God, the heavenly 
Jerufalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, to the general 
afTembly and church of the firlt-born which are written in heaven, 
and to God the Judge of all, and to the fpirits of juft men made 
perfect, and to Jefus the Mediator of the New Covenant, and to the 
blood of fprinkling," &c. 

Ye mull: leave the wife to a more choice Hulband, and the 
children to a better Father. 

If ye leave any teftimony to the Lord's work and Covenant, 
againlt. both Malignants and Sectaries (which I fuppofe may be need- 
ful), let it be under your hand, and fubfcribed before faithful wit- 

Your loving and afflicted brother, 

St Andrew's, Sept. 27, 1648. k. R. 

* See Let. 318. 

f In this matter Gillefpie complied with Rutherford's advice, having left 
behind him a teftimony againft both Malignants and Seclaries, fubfcribed by 
his own hand, on the 15th of December, only two days before he died. 

1 649O LETTER CCCXXV. 347 

CCCXXV.— To Sir James Stewart, Lord Provojl of 

[Sir James Stewart of Kirkfield and Cultneis, to whom this letter is 
addrefied, was a man of high Chriftian excellence. " Sir James Stewart," 
faid the celebrated George Gillefpie, " has more fterling religion in ready 
cafh than any man ever I knew ; he is always agreeably compofed and recol- 
lected, in a permanent devout frame of fpirit, and fuch as I mould with to 
have in my laft moments." (Coltnefs Collections, p. 15.) He was a zealous 
Covenanter, and fuffered confiderably for his principles during the perfecution 
of Charles II. He died March 31, 1681, at his own houfe at Edinburgh, in 
the feventy-third year of his age, in the full afiurance of faith. Rutherford 
wrote this letter on occafion of his own election to be Profeflbr of Divinity in 
the College of Edinburgh.] 

Richt honorablee 

HE mater of my transportation is fo poor a contraverfie I 
truely not beeing defyrous to be the fubject of any dinef 
in the Generall AiTemblie of the Kirk of Scotland whoe 
have greater buffines to doe, and haveing fuffered once the paine 
of tranfportation, mout humbly intreat your w. [worfhips] that 
favour as to cafl yo r thoughts vpon fome fitter man ; for as it 
is vnbefeemeing me to lie or dhTemblee, fo I muft friely mow you 
it will but mak me the fubject of fuffereing and paffive obedience, 
and I truft your w. [worfhips] intend not that hurt to me, and I 
am perfuaded it is not yo r mind, it (hall be my prayer to God, to 

* As an accurate fac-fimile of this letter from the original, among the 
papers of the Town Council of Edinburgh, is inferted here, it has been 
thought proper, in this inftance, to retain Rutherford's orthography. 

f Din y noife. The fuperfluous " e y " at the end of feveral of thefe words, 
may poflibly have been a dam in the writing. " Dine," for din ; "whoe," 
for "who;" " humblee," for "humble." Compare "honorable," on the 
addrefs of the letter with the fame word in the commencement. 

348 LETTER CCCXXVL [1649: 

fend that worthie focietie an hable* and pious man. Grace be with 

S Andrews the 

Laft of Junii 


Yours at all humblee 
obfervance in the Lord 
Samuel Rutherfurd 

for the richt honorable my varie 
good lord, Sr James Steuart 
proveift of Edinbrugh and re- 
manent magiftrats Counfellers of 
the Citie. 

CCCXXVL— To Mistress Gillespie, Widow of George Gillefpie. 


EAR SISTER,— I have heard how the Lord hath vifited 
you, in removing the child Archibald. I hope ye fee 
that the fetting down of the weight of your confidence 
and affection upon any created thing, whether hufband or child, is a 
deceiving thing ; and that the creature is not able to bear the weight, 
but finketh down to very nothing under your confidence. And, 
therefore, ye are ChrifVs debtor for all providences of this kind, 
even in that He buildeth an hedge of thorns in your way : for fo 
ye fee that His gracious intention is, to fave you (if I may fay fo) 
whether ye will or not. 

It is a rich mercy that the Lord Chrift will be Maifer of your 
will and of your delights, and that His way is fo fair, for land- 
ing of hufband and children before-hand in the country whitherto 
ye are journeying. No matter how little ye be engaged to the 

From French, u habile," in which we fee the etymology of " able" 


world, fince ye have fuch experience of crofs-dealing in it. Had 
ye been a child of the houfe, the world would have dealt more 
warmly with its own. There is lefs of you out of heaven, in that 
the child is there and the hufband is there j but much more that 
your Head, Kinfman, and Redeemer doth fetch home fuch as are 
in danger to be loft. And from this time forward, fetch not your 
comforts from fuch broken cifterns and dry wells. If the Lord pull 
at the reft, ye muft not be the creature that will hold when He 

Truly, to me your cafe is more comfortable than if the firefide 
were well plenifhed* with ten children. The Lord faw that ye 
were able, by His grace, to bear the lofs of hufband and child ; and 
that ye are that f weak and tender as not to be able to ftand under 
the mercy of a gracious hufband, living and flourifhing in efteem 
with authority, and in reputation for godlinefs and learning. For 
He knoweth the weight of thefe mercies would crufh you and break 
you. And as there is no fearching out of His underftanding, fo He 
hath fkill to know what providence will make Chrift deareft to you ; 
and let not your heart fay, "It is an ill- waled % difpenfation." 
Sure Chrift, who hath feven eyes, had before Him the good of a 
living hufband and children for Margaret Murray, and the good 
of a removed hufband and children tranflated to glory. Now that 
He hath opened His decree to you, fay, " Chrift hath made for me 
a wife and gracious choice, and I have not one word to fay to the 
contrary." Let not your heart charge anything, nor unbelief libel 
injuries upon Chrift becaufe He will not let you alone, nor give you 
leave to play the adulterefs with fuch as have not that right to your 
love that Chrift hath. I fhould wifh that, at the reading of this, ye 
may fall down and make a furrender of thofe that are gone, and of 
thofe that are yet alive, to Him. And for you, let Him have all -, 
and wait for Himfelf, for He will come, and will not tarry. Live 
by faith, and the peace of God guard your heart. He cannot die 
whofe ye are. 

* Filled. f So. % Ill-felecled. 

35° LETTER CCCXXV1L [1649. 

My wife fuffereth with you, * and remembereth her love to you. 

Your brother in Chriit, 
St Andrew's, Aug. 14, 1649. S* ^* 

CCCXXVIL— To the Earl of Balcarras. 

[Alexander Lindsay, fecond Lord Balcarras, and firft Earl of Bal- 
carras, to whom this letter is addrefled, was a man of fuperior talents, and 
efpoufed the caufe of the Covenant. He commanded a troop of horfe in the 
Covenanters' army at the battle of Alford, ad July 1645, when General 
Baillie was defeated by Montrofe. He was one of the Commimoners de- 
fpatched by the Parliament of Scotland, 19th December 1646, to King 
Charles I., with their laft propofals, which his Majefty rejected ; upon which 
the Scottifh army mrrendered him to the Englilh Parliament, and retired 
from England. When, in 1648, troops were raifed with the defign of refcu- 
ing the King from the Englifh Parliament, and reftoring him to liberty and 
power, without requiring from him any conceflions to his fubjects, which 
was called "The Engagement," Balcarras took an active part in this enter- 
prife, for which Rutherford, by the way, tenders to him a reproof. On the 
arrival of Charles II. in Scotland, 1650, he repaired to his Majefty, by whom 
he was advanced to the dignity of Earl of Balcarras. He was High Com- 
miflioner to the General Affembly of the Church of Scotland which met at St 
Andrew's, 16th July 1651. In 1652 he fettled with his family at St Andrew's, 
keeping up a correfpondence with his exiled fovereign ; and in 1653 again took 
arms, and joined in an ineffectual attempt to uphold the Royal caufe againft 
Cromwell. His eftate, after this, being fequeftrated, he withdrew to the 
Continent. His Lordlhip did not live to fee the Reftoration of Charles, hav- 
ing died of confumption in the prime of life, at Breda, on the 30th of Auguft 
1659. His mortal remains were brought over to Scotland, and interred at 
Balcarras. Douglas' Peerage of Scotland. This letter is given from the origi- 
ginal, among the Balcarras Papers, Vol. IX., No. 135. Advocates' Library, 


Y VERY HONOURABLE LORD,— I am forry that 
your Lordihip mould be offended at any finiflrous mis- 
information concerning your fuppofed difcountenancing 

* Rutherford was married a fecond time on 24th March 1649, about five 
months previous to the date of this Letter, to Jean M'Math. 

1650.] LETTER CCCXXVI1L 351 

of minifters. For the general I can fay nothing, being utterly igno- 
rant thereof. I hope your Lordfhip will make the bell: ufe of it 
may be. For myfelf, I owe no thanks to any that have named me 
as the object of any difcountenancing ; for, truly, I value not any of 
these when, as the confcience of my innocence fhoweth me (and, for 
aught known to me, truly) that I offended no nobleman in the king- 
dom, far lefs my Lord Balcarras, whofe public defervings have been 
fuch as I efteem him to have been moft inftrumental in this work 
of God. I hope, my Lord, you will pardon me to make a little 
exception in the matter of the late finful engagement. And there- 
fore, my Lord, I entreat you to forget that bufinefs ; for fince your 
Lordfhip faid of me, in your letter to Mr David Forret,* more than 
I deferve, I fhall be fatisfied with it as an expiation, more than any 
difcountenancing of me can amount unto by millions of degrees. And 
therefore entreat your Lordfhip to accept of this for anything that 
any could fay to your Lordfhip of that bufinefs. If I had thought 
fb much of myfelf as the difcountenancing of me had been a finful 
neglect (whereas I know there is little ground for the contrary), I 
fhould have fpoken to your Lordfhip myfelf. So trufting your 
Lordfhip will reft fatisfied, I am, your Lordfhip's, at power in the 

S. R. 
St Andrew's, Dec. 24, 1649. 

CCCXXVIII. — To the worthy and much honoured Colonel Gilbert 


[Colonel Gilbert Ker was a leading man among the Covenanters. 
He was one of the officers of the weft country army, and adhered with great 

* Mr David Forret, or Forreft, was minifter of Kilconquhar. He had 
formerly been minifter of Deninno, where he appears in 1639. ^ e was trans- 
lated thence to Forgan in 1640; and to Kilconquhar, May 27, 1646. He 
refufed to conform to Prelacy in 1662, but was not ejected, and died Febru- 
ary 26, 1672. 


zeal to the Weftern Remonftrance, fent by that army to the Committee of 
E dates, which, among other things, condemned the treaty with the King, 
accufed many of the Committee of Eftates of covetoufnefs and oppreffion, 
and oppofed the invafion of England, or forcing a king upon that kingdom. 
In the year 1655 he was named Juftice of Peace for Roxburghfhire, but de- 
clined to accept ; ftating as his reafons, that he confidered the employment 
finful, not allowed by the word of God, contrary to the Solemn League and 
Covenant, and an encroachment on the liberty of Chrift's church. 

At the reft oration of Charles II., when thofe concerned in the Weftern 
Remonftrance were particularly marked out for the vengeance of the Govern- 
ment, he left the country, but was allowed by the Privy Council to return in 
the beginning of the year 1671. He died previous to October 5, 1677, as at 
that date Mr James Row, merchant in Edinburgh, his fon-in-law, prefents a 
petition to the Privy Council, praying that he might obtain the remiflion of a 
fine of five hundred merks, which had been impofed on the deceafed Colonel 
Gilbert Ker upon account of a conventicle, and for the payment of which the 
petitioner had become cautioner, in refped: the deceafed had no eftate or means 
by which he might obtain relief. This fine was remitted Regijler of ABs of 
Privy Council.'] 



I hope I mall not need to fhow you that ye are in 
greater hazard from yourfelf, and your own fpirit 
(which mould be watched over, that your actings for God may 
be clean, fpiritual, purely for God, for the Prince of the kings of 
the earth), than ye can be in danger from your enemies. Oh how 
hard is it to get the intentions fo cut off from and raifed above the 
creature, as to be without mixture of creature and carnal intereft, 
and to have the foul, in heavenly actings, only, only eyeing Himfelf, 
and acting from love to God, revealed to us in Jefus Chrift ! Ye 
will find yourfelf, your delights, your folid glory (far above the air 
and breathings of mouths, and the thin, fhort, poor applaufes of 
men), before you in God. All the creatures, all the fwords, all 
the hofls in Britain, and in this poor globe of the habitable world, 
are but under Him fingle cyphers making no number ; the product 


being nothing but painted men, and painted fwords in a brod,* 
without influence from Him. And oh what of Godf is in Gideon's 
fword, when it is the fword of the Lord ! 

I wifh a fword from heaven to you, and orders from heaven to 
you to go out ; and as much peremptorinefs of a heavenly will as to 
fay, and abide by it, "I will not, I mail not go out, unlefs Thou 
goeft with me." I defire not to be rafh in judging ; but I am a 
ftranger to the mind of Chriit, if our adverfaries, who have unjuftly 
invaded us, be not now in the camp of thofe that make war with 
the Lamb. But the Lamb mail overcome them at length ; for He 
is the Lord of lords, and King of kings, and they who are with 
Him are called, and chofen, and faithful. And though ye and I 
fee but the dark fide of God's difpenfations this day towards Britain, 
yet the fair, beautiful, and defirable clofe of it mult be the confede- 
racy of the nations of the world with Britain's Lord of armies. And 
let me die in the comforts of the faith of this, that a throne mail be 
fet up for Chrift in this iiland of Britain (which is, and mall be, a 
garden more fruitful of trees of righteoufnefs, and which payeth 
and mail pay more thoufands to the Lord of the vineyard than is 
paid in thrice the bounds of Great Britain upon earth), and there 
can be neither Papift, Prelate, Malignant, nor Sectary, who dare 
draw a fword againft Him that fitteth upon the throne. 

Sir, I mall wifh a clean J army, fo far as may be, that the fhout 
of a King who hath many crowns may be among you ; and that ye 
may fight in faith, and prevail with God firft. Think it your glory 
to have a fword to act, and fufFer, and die (if it pleafe Him), so 
being ye may add anything to the declarative glory of Chriit, the 
Plant of Renown, Immanuel, God with us. Happy and thrice 
bleiTed are they by whofe actings, or blood, or pain, or lofs, the 
diadems and rubies of His higheit and moft glorious crown (whofe 
ye are) mall glifter and mine in this quarter of the habitable world. 
Though He need not Gilbert Ker, nor his fword, yet this honour 

* Board. t How much of divine power. 

\ Free from malignants. See note Let. 330. 


354 LETTER CCCXXIX. [1650. 

have ye with His redeemed foldiers, to call Chrht High Lord- 
General, of whom ye hope for pay and all arrears well told. Go 
on, worthy Sir, in the courage of faith, following the Lamb. Make 
not hafte unbelievingly ; but in hope and filence keep the watch- 
tower, and look out. He will come in His own time ; His falva- 
tion mail not tarry. He will place falvation in Britain's Zion for 
Ifrael's glory. 

His good-will who dwelt in The Bum and it burned not, be 
yours, and with you. 

I am yours, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, Aug. 10, 1650. 

m vyj r\ 

CCCXXIX. — To the worthy and much honoured Colonel 
Gilbert Ker. 




I wrote to you before, I fpake not upon any private 
warrant. I am where I was. Cromwell and his army 
(I mail not fay but there may be, and are, feveral fober and godly 
among them, who have either joined through mifinformation, or 
have gone alongft with the reft in the fimplicity of their hearts, not 
knowing anything) fight in an unjuft caufe, againft the Lord's fecret 
ones. And now to the trampling of the worfhip of God, and per- 
fecting the people of God in England and Ireland, he hath brought 
upon his fcore the blood of the people of God in Scotland. I en- 
treat you, dear Sir, as ye defire to be ferviceable to Jefus Chrift , 
whofe free grace prevented* you when ye were His enemy, go on 
without fainting, equally efchewing all mixtures with Sectariesf and 

* Got the ftart in coming to your foul. t The Independents. 

1650.] LETTER CCCXXIX. 355 

Malignants.* Neither of the two mall ever be inftrumental to fave 
the Lord's people, or build His houfe. And without prophefying, 
or fpeaking further than He, whofe I am and whom I defire to ferve, 
in the Gofpel of His Son, mail warrant, I defire to hope and to believe 
there is a glory and a majefty of the Prince of the kings of the earth, 
that mail mine and appear in Great Britain, which fhall darken all 
the glory of men, confound Sectaries and Malignants, and rejoice 
the fpirits of the followers of the Lamb, and dazzle the eyes of the 

Sir, I fuppofe that God is to gather Malignants and Sectaries, 
ere all be done, as fheaves in a barn-floor ; and to bid the daughters 
of Zion arife, and threfh. I hope that ye will mix with none of 
them. I am abundantly fatisfied, that our army, through the finful 
mifcarriage of men, hath fallen ; and dare fay it is a better and a 
more comfortable difpenfation, than if the Lord had given us the 
victory and the necks of the reproachers of the way of God ; be- 
caufe He hath done it. For, I. More blood, blafphemies, cruelty, 
treachery, mull: be upon the accounts of the men whofe land the 
Lord forbade us to invade. 2. Victory is fuch a burdening and 
weighty mercy, that we have not ftrength to bear it as yet. 3. That 
was not the army, nor Gideon's three hundred, by whom He is 
to fave us ; we mult have one of our Lord's carving. 4. Our ene- 
mies on both fides are not enough hardened, nor we enough morti- 
fied to multitude, valour, and creatures. 

Grace, grace be with you. 

Your friend and fervant, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 


St Andrew's, Sept. 5, 1650. 

* The Cavaliers. 


35^ LETTER CCCXXX. [1650. 

CCCXXX. — To Mr William Guthrie, ivhen the army was at 
Stirling, after the defeat at Dunbar * and the godly in the Wejl 
nv ere falfely branded with intended compliance with the ufurpers, 
about the time when thofe debates and that difference concerning the 
Public Refolutions arofe.f 

[William Guthrie was born at Pitforthy, in the fhire of Angus, in 
the year 1620. He was the eldeft fon of the Laird of Pitforthy, a cadet of 
the old family of Guthrie, and by his mother's fide was defcended from the 
ancient houfe of Eafter-Ogle. He attended the literary and philofophical 
clafies at the Univerfity of St Andrew's, and ftudied theology under Ruther- 
ford. On the 7th of November 1644, he was ordained minifter of Fenwick. 
There he continued fuccefsfully to difcharge his miniftry till the 24th of July 
1664, when, for non-conformity, he was fufpended from and difcharged to 
exercife his miniftry, and his church declared vacant, by order of Bifhop Bur- 
net. He died at Brechin on the 10th of October 1665. 

It may be mentioned here that William Guthrie, coufin to this fame 
James Guthrie, was brought to Chrift by Samuel Rutherford's miniftry at St 
Andrew's, one of his firft fruits there. (Life by Wodrow.) He wrote u The 
Trial of a Saving Intereft in Chrift," fo well known.] 


EVEREND BROTHER,— I did not dream of fuch 
fhortnefs of breath, and fainting in the way toward our 
country. I thought that I had no more to do than die 

* The battle was fought between Cromwell and the Scots, and the latter 
were completely defeated, with great lofs. It was fought on the 3d September 

f After the battle of Dunbar, it was propofed that the reftraints by which 
fuch as had, by various Acts of Parliament, been excluded from places of 
power and truft in the army and ftate, on account of their Malignancy, or 
oppofition to the Covenant and liberties of the nation, mould be removed. 
This was at firft refufed ; but after the defeat at Hamilton, the Commiffion 
agreed to certain refolutions, for admitting into places of power and truft in 
the army and ftate fuch as had been excluded by the Acts of Parliament re- 
ferred to. Thefe were called " Public Refolutions," and they became a fource 

1650.] LETTER CCCXXX. 357 

in my neft, and bow down my finful head, and let Him put on the 
crown, and fo end. I have fuffered much ; but this is the thickefl 
darknefs, and the ftraiteil: ftep of the way I have yet trodden. I fee 
more fuffering yet behind, and, I fear, from the keepers of the vine. 
Let me obtain of you, that you would prefs upon the Lord's people 
that they would ftand far off from thefe merchants of fouls come 
in amongft you. If the way revealed in the word be that way, we 
then know that thefe foul-cowpers * and traffickers mow not the 
way of falvation. Alas, alas ! poor I am utterly loft, my (hare of 
heaven is gone, and my hope is poor ; I am perifhed, and I am cut 
off from the Lord, if hitherto out of the way ! But I dare not 
judge kind Chrift ; for, if it may be but permitted (with reverence 
to His greatnefs and highnefs be it fpoken), I will, before witneffes, 
produce His own hand that He faid, "This is the way, walk thou 
in it." And He cannot except againft His own feal. I profefs that 
I am almofl broken and a little fleepy, and would fain put off this 
body. But this is my infirmity, who would be under the fhadow 
and covert of that Good Land, oncef to be without the reach and 
blaft of that terrible One. But I am a fool : there is none that can 
overbid, or take my lodging over my head, fince Chrift hath taken 
it for me. 

Dear brother, help me, and get me the help of their prayers 
who are with you in whom is my delight. You are much ins- 
pected of intended compliance ; I mean, not of you only, but of all 
the people of God with you. It is but a poor thing the fulfilling 
of my joy ; but let me obteft all the ferious feekers of His face, His 
fecret fealed ones, by the ftrongeft confolations of the Spirit, by 

of much difienfion in the Church. At laft they were formally approved of by 
the General AfTembly held in July 1651, at St Andrew's, and adjourned to 
Dundee. At the laft federunt at St Andrew's, Rutherford, who was ftrongiy 
oppofed to the Refolutions, gave in a proteftation againft the lawfulnefs of 
that AfTembly. It was fubfcribed by twenty-one befides himfelf. Hence 
thofe oppofed to the Public Refolutions were called " Protefters," and thofe 
friendly to them, " Refolutioners." 

* Soul-jobbers. t One time or other ; once for all. 

358 LETTER CCCXXXL [1650. 

the gentlenefs of Jefus Chrift, that Plant of Renown, by your laft 
accounts and appearing before God, when the White Throne fhall 
be fet up, be not deceived with their fair words. Though my fpirit 
be aftonifhed at the cunning cuftinctions which are found out in the 
matters of the Covenant, that help may be had againft thefe men ; 
yet my heart trembleth to entertain the leaft thought of joining with 
thofe deceivers. 

Grace, grace be with you. Amen. 

Your own brother, in our common Lord and Saviour, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's. 

CCCXXXI. — To the worthy and much honoured Colonel Gilbert 




confiderable * that the Lord may, and often doth call to 
a work and yet hide Himfelf, and try the faith of His 
own. If I conceive aright, the Lord hath called you to act againft 
that enemy ; and the withdrawers of their fword (in my weak ap- 
prehenfion) add their zeal unto, and take upon them the guilt of 
that unjufl invafion of this land made by Cromwell's army, and of 
the blood of the Lord's people in this kingdom ; fince the fword, 
put into the hand of His children, is to execute wrath and vengeance 
upon evil-doers. The Lord's time of appearing for His broken 
land is referved to the breathings of the Spirit of the Lord, fuch as 
came upon Gideon and Samfon 5 and that is an act of princely and 
royal fovereignty in God. Ye are, Sir, to lay hold on opportunities 
of Providence, and to wait for Him. 

As for your particular treating by yourfelves with the invaders 

* Worthy of confideration. 

1650.] LETTER CCCXXXL 359 

of our land, I have no mind to it, and do look upon their way as a 
carrying on of the myftery of iniquity j for Babylon is a feat of many 
names. Sir, let* this controverfy ftand undecided till the Second Ap- 
pearance of Jefus Chrift, and our appeal lie before the throne undis- 
cufTed till that day, I hope to lie down in the grave in the faith of the 
juftnefs of our caufe. I fpeak nothing of the maintaining the great- 
nefs of men, not fubordinate to the Prince of the kings of the earth. 
I judge that the blood of the witnefles of Jefus is found upon the fkirts 
of this fociety, as well as in Babylon's fkirts. I believe that the way of 
the Lord is Colonel Gilbert Ker's ftrength and glory ; and I mould 
be content to want my part of him (which is, I confefs, precious 
and dear in Chrift), fo that he be fpent in the fervice of Him who 
will anon make inquifition for the blood of the truly godly ; which 
thefe men have fhed, after fair warning that they were the godly of 

Worthy Sir, believe ; faint not. Set your moulder under the 
glory of Jefus that is mifprifed in Scotland, and give a teflimony for 
Him. He hath many names in Scotland, who fhall walk with Him 
in white. This defpifed covenant fhall ruin Malignants, Sectaries, 
and Atheifts. Yet a little while, and behold He cometh, and 
walkethf in the greatnefs of His ftrength, and His garments dyed 
with blood. Oh, for the fad and terrible day of the Lord upon 
England, their fhips of Tarfhifh, their fenced cities, &c, becaufe of 
a broken covenant ! 

A conference with the enemy, not to hinder acting (Oh that 
the Lord would thereby, or by fome other way, remove the cloud 
that is over you !), if authority fhould concur, were to be deflred ; 
but it can hardly be expected. However, in the way of duty, and 
in the fdence of faith, go on. If ye perifh, ye are the firft of the 
creation with whom the Lord hath taken that difpenfation. I fhould 
humbly defire you, Sir, to look to that : " Dying, and, behold, we 

* Suppofing that this controverfy remains undecided. 

f The Hebrew of I fa. lxiii. 1 is alluded to (i"WV) : " marching on in the 
greatnefs of His ftrength." Rutherford, in the latter part of his life, ftudied 
Ifaiah very clofely. See Sketch of his Life. 

360 LETTER CCCXXX1L [165 1. 

live ; killed all the day long, and yet more than conquerors." There 
fhall be the heat and warmnefs of life in your graves and buried 
bones. But look not for the Lord's coming the higher way only, 
for He may come the lower way. Oh, how little of God do we fee, 
and how myfterious is He ! Chrift known is amongfl the greateft 
fecrets of God. Keep yourfelf in the love of God -, and, in order 
to that, as far in obedience and fubjection to the King (whofe fal- 
vation and true happinefs my foul defirethj, and to every ordinance 
of man for the Lord's fake, and to the fundamental laws of this 
kingdom, as your Lord requireth. Sir, ye are in the hearts and 
prayers of the Lord's people in this kingdom, and in the other two.* 
The Lord hath faid, " There is blefling in the duller of grapes ; 
deftroy it not." 

Grace, grace be upon the head of him that is feparated from 
his brethren , and the good-will of Him that dwelt in The Bum 
be with you. 

Your fervant, in his fweet Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Perth, AW. 23, 1650. 

CCCXXXII. — To the much honoured and truly worthy Colonel 
Gilbert Ker. 



li For the vifion be yet for an appointed time; but at the end it (hall fpeak 
and not lie : though it tarry, wait for it." — Hab. ii. 3 , 4. 


chains now fhine as much for Chrift (the caufe being 
His) as your fword was made famous in acting for that 
caufe ; and bleffed are fuch as can willingly tender to Chrift both 
action and blood, doing and fuffering. Refilling unto blood is little 

* England and Ireland. 

1 65 1.] LETTER CCCXXXIL 361 

for that precious and never-enough exalted Redeemer, who, when 
ye were a-buying, gave blood fomewhat dearer than ye gave for 
Him, even the blood of God.* I know a man, who, upon the re- 
ceipt of a letter that ye were killed and the people of God deftroyed, 
wifhed that he might be quickly under the wall of the higher palace 
from under the dintf of the ftorm, and who longed to have the 
weather-beaten and crazy bark fafely landed in that harbour of 
eternal quietnefs. 

What further fervice Chrilt hath for you, I know not ; it is 
enough that in your captivity % ye offer your fervice to Chrift. But 
if I fee anything, it looketh like a merciful defeat. I fee the nobles 
and the ftate falling off from Chrift, and the night coming upon the 
prophets ; which we mould pray to prevent, becaufe it is a rare 
thing to fee a fallen ftar win§ ever up again to the firmament to 
mine. And what if this be the thick darknefs going before the break 
of day ? Sure, Sir, the fun mail rife upon Scotland ; but if I mail 
fee it, or how near is it to that day, I leave that to Him, even unto 
Jehovah, who " createth upon every dwelling-place in Mount Zion, 
and upon her afTemblies, a cloud and a fmoke by day, and the mining 
of a flaming fire by night." But, Sir, " the wildernefs mail rejoice 
and blofTom as a rofe : " and happy he who hath a bone, or an arm, to 
put the crown upon the head of our higheft King, whofe chariot 
is paved with love. Were there ten thoufand millions of heavens 
created above thefe highefl heavens, and again as many above them, 
and as many above them till angels were wearied with counting, it 
were but too low a feat to fix the princely throne of that Lord Jefus 
(whofe ye are) above them all. Created heavens are too low a feat 
of majefty for Him. Since, then, there is none equal to your Mafler 
and Prince who hath chofen out for you (among!! many fufferings 

* A6ls xx. 28. f Force. 

% On the ift of December 1650, being Sabbath, the weft country forces 
of the Covenanters were fcattered at Hamilton by a party of Englifh, under 
the conduct of Lambert. Several of them were killed, and Colonel Ker was 
wounded and taken — Lamont's Diary, p. 24. 

§ Get up. 


for fin) that only crofs which cometh neareft in likenefs to His own 
crofs, watered* with confolation, take courage, and comfort your- 
felf in Him who hath chofen you to glory hereafter and to con- 
formity with Him here. We fools would have a crofs of our own 
choofing, and would have our gall and wormwood fugared, our 
fire cold, and our death and grave warmed with heat of life ; but 
He who hath brought many children to glory, and loft none, is 
our beft Tutor. I wilh. that, when I am fick, He may be keeper 
and comforter. I judge it a blefTed Fall that we are forfeited heirs, 
broken and out of credit, and that Chrift is become a Tutor in the 
place of free-will, and that we are no more our own. I am broken 
and wafted with the wrath that is on the land, and have been much 
tempted with a defign to have a pafs from Chrift ; which, if I had, 
I would not ftay to be a witnefs of our defection for no man's in- 
treaty. But I know it is my foftnefs and weaknefs, who would ever 
be afhore when a fit of fea-ficknefs cometh on ; though I know I 
fhall come foon enough to that defirable country, and mail not be 
difplaced : none fhall take my lodging. 

Sir, many eyes are upon you, and the godly are exceedingly 
refrefhed that ye liften not to the ways of many about you, who 
with fair words make merchandife of fouls. Sir, if the way you 
are in be not the way of Chrift, then wo to me, for I am eternally 
loft. But truly, the Lord Chrift's dealings with Colonel Gilbert 
Ker hath proven to me, that the New Teftament and the covenant 
of grace is a piece that a folemn meeting and afTembly of all created 
angels (join all their wits together) could not have devifed. Since, 
Sir, ye paid nothing for the change that Chrift made, and ye will 
take that debt of free grace to heaven with you (for what was 
Chrift Jefus indebted to you, more than to all your kindred and 
name !), therefore, fince ye are made His own, follow no other 
way. What is my falvation, though I fhould lay it in pawn (it is 
but a poor pledge), that this, this only is the way ! But Chrift is 

* This may mean " plated," as in Let. 284 ; or it may be taken in the 
common ienie. 


furety Himfelf that it is the way. The Forerunner went before 
you, and He is fafely landed : and there is a fair company before 
you of fuch as " have come out of great tribulation, and have warned 
their garments, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb," 
to whom thefe promifes are now performed : " He that overcometh 
mall eat of the tree of life, that is in the midfr. of the paradife of 
God ;" and, " God mail wipe away all tears from their eyes, and 
there mall be no more death, neither forrow, nor crying, neither 
mall there be any more pain" — " He thatfitteth on the throne fhall 
dwell among them -, they mail hunger no more, neither thirft any 
more, neither mall the fun light on them, nor any heat ; for the 
Lamb that is in the midft of the throne mail feed them, and mail 
lead them unto living fountains of waters." 

I may, Sir, poflibly keep you from better work. The God of 
peace, that brought again from the dead the Great Shepherd of the 
fheep, through the blood of the eternal covenant, make you per- 

Yours, in Jefus Chrifl, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, Jan. 7, 165 1. 

CCCXXXIIL — To the much honoured and truly worthy Colonel 
Gilbert Ker, when taken prifoner. 


heard of your continued captivity in England, as well 
as in this afflicted land. But, go where ye will, ye can- 
not go from under your Shadow, which is broader than many 
kingdoms. Ye change lodging and countries ; but the fame Lord 
is before you, if ye were carried away captive to the other fide of 
the fun, or as far as the riling of the morning ftar. It is fpoken to 

364 LETTER CCCXXXIU. [1651. 

your mother (who hath yet received no bill of divorce), which 
was written to Judah, " Be in pain, and labour to bring forth, O 
daughter of Zion, like a woman in travail : for now fhalt thou go 
forth out of the city, and thou fhalt dwell in the field, and thou 
malt go even to Babylon ; there fhalt thou be delivered : there the 
Lord mall redeem thee from the hand of thine enemies."* England 
mall be accountable for you, to render you back : " I will fay to the 
north, * Give up ;' and to the fouth, ' Keep not back.'"f It is a 
fermon that flefh and blood laugheth at : " Prophefy upon thefe 
dry bones, and fay unto them, * O ye dry bones, hear the word of 
the Lord !'" It is a preaching to the cold grave : " Thus faith the 
Lord unto the bones, ' Behold, I will caufe breath to enter into you, 
and ye mall live ; and I will lay finews upon you, and bring up flefh 
upon you, and cover you with fkin, and put breath in you, and ye 
fhall live.'" J "And the fea gave up the dead that were in it." § 
Berwick muft render back the Scottifh captives, and Colonel Gilbert 
Ker with them. " For thus faith the Lord, your Redeemer, the 
Holy One of Ifrael, For your fake I have fent to Babylon, and have 
brought down all their nobles, and the Chaldeans whofe cry is in 
the mips." || — " If any of thine be driven out to the utmofl parts of 
heaven, from thence will the Lord thy God gather thee, and from 
thence will He fetch thee." f " Thus faith the Lord of hofts, Be- 
hold, I will fave My people from the eaft country and from the weft 
country, and I will bring them, and they fhall dwell in the midft 
of Jerufalem, and they fhall be My people, and I will be their God, 
in truth and in righteoufnefs." ## Sir, ye are both booked by the 
Lord who writeth up the people, \\ and counted to the Lord as one 
of the houfe and Fear not, faint not ; all your hairs are 

It is the defire of the people of God, that, as your bonds hitherto 
have been exemplary to the ftrengthening of the feeble and to the 

* Micah iv. 10. t I fa. xliii. 6. % Ezek. xxxvii. 4, 5, 6. 

§ Rev. xx. 13. || I fa. xliii. 14. ^f" Deut. xxx. 4. 

** Zech. viii. 7, 8. ft Ps. lxxxvii. 5, 6. %% Ps. xxii. 30. 

1 65 1.] LETTER CCCXXXIIL ^6$ 

flopping of the mouth of the adverfary, without any declining to 
the right or left hand ; fo your fufFerings in the place ye now go to, 
may be (as we are confident in the Lord of you, and in humility 
boaft of His grace in you) favoury, convincing, and like unto this 
honourable cause, that will prevail in Britain, contrary to all the ma- 
chinations and counfels of devils and men. And though there were 
no other ink in the pen I now write with but fome dewing * of my laft 
cooling blood, this I purpofe (His grace, whofe I am, enabling me) 
to ftand to. Sir, we defire to adore no inftruments ; yet we con- 
ceive the mining and rays of grace from the Fountain, Jefus Chri£t, 
the fulnefs of the Godhead, bellowed on finful men, hold forth the 
good thoughts of Chrift. to this poor land, whofe multiplied graves, 
and whofe fouls under the altar, flain by Sectaries and Malignants, 
cry aloud to heaven. 

I fee nothing, Sir, if the Lord be not near (though I dare not 
fay how foon) to awake for the year of Zion's controverfy. " For 
my fword mail be bathed in heaven."f Behold, it mall come down 
upon England, and on the refidue of His enemies in Scotland. Wo 
is me for England ! That land mail be foaked with blood, and 
their duff made fat with fatnefs •, that pleafant land mall be a wil- 
dernefs, and the duff of their land pitch ; a judgment upon their 
walled towns, their pleafant fields, their flrong mips, &c, if they 
do not repent. 

Ye have not, I conceive, feen fuch fearching and trying times 
as now thefe are. And yet the queftion will be drawn to a more 
narrow ftate^ and multitudes will yet leave the caufe ± for we took 
all into the covenant that offered to build with us. But Chrift 
muff have but a fmall remnant (few nobles, if any ; few minifters ; 
few profefTors), though our way ftandeth unchanged. " By honour 
and difhonour, by good report and evil report : as deceivers and 
yet true ; as unknown, yet well known ; as dying, and behold we 
live ; as chaftened, and yet not killed." § Neither is this your con- 

* Moiftening. t I&- xxxiv. 5. 

X Point, or way of putting it. § 2 Cor. vi. 8, 9. 


dition alone, but the experienced lot of all the faints that have gone 
before you. It is one and the fame crofs of Chrift ; but there be 
fundry faces and diverfe circumftances in the fame remnant,* the 
fufferings of Chrift and yours. Sir, to be delivered to foldiers, and 
in captivity, looketh like His fufFering of whom Ifaiah faith, " He 
was taken from prifon, and from judgment :"f yea, and taken 
bound.J When the caufe is the truth of God, the luftre and face 
of fufFering is fo much the more lovely that it hath the hue and 
colour of Chrift's fufferings, who endured contradiction of finners 
and defpifed the fhame. Oh it is a great word, " Chrift fhamed, 
and Chrift abafed !" But thus was the Head, and fo are the mem- 
bers, dealt with in the world ; and truly anything of Chrift, even 
the worft of Him (to fpeak fo), His reproach and fhame, are lovely. 
Though fuperftitious love to the material crofs He fufTered upon be 
foolery, and doting upon the holy grave § be curfed idolatry ; yet is 
there a communion with Him in His fufferings moil defirable. 
" But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Chrift's fufferings :"|| 
in which fenfe, the cup that His lip touched hath the fweeter tafte, 
even though death were in it -, the grave, becaufe He did lie in it, 
is fo much the fofter and the more refrefhful «[ a bed of reft ; and 
that part of the fky and clouds that the Beloved mail break through, 
and come to judgment, is as lovely a piece of the created heaven as 
any is, if we may love the ground He goeth on the better. But all 
this is to be underftood in a fpiritual manner. The Lord calleth 
you, Sir, upon whom the Spirit of God and His glory refteth, to 
put your foul's Amen to this difpenfation ; and requireth of us, that 
our defires follow the now-declared decree of God concerning the 
defolation of our finful land, fo many ways guilty of a defpifed 
Gofpel, and a broken Covenant ; and that with all fubmiiTion. 
Certainly, no man hath failed more in this thing, than he who 
writeth to vou. For I have brought my health into great hazard, 

* li That which is behind of the afflictions of Chrift," Col. i. 24. 

f Ifa. liii. 8. % John xviii. ia. § The Holy Sepulchre at Jerufalem. 

|| 1 Pet. iv. 13. *[ Full of refrefhment. 

1 65 1.] LETTER CCCXXXIIh 367 

and tormented my fpirit with exceflive grief, for our prefent provo- 
cations, and the rendings of our kirk ; and I fee it is a challenging* 
of, and a bold pleading againft, Him upon whofe moulder the 
government is.f The Father hath put a glorious truft upon Chrifl : 
" And I will faflen Him as a nail in a fure place, and He (hall be 
for a glorious throne to His Father's houfe ; and they mall hang 
upon Him all the glory of His Father's houfe, the offspring and the 
iflue, all vefTels of fmall quantity, from the veflels of cups even to 
all the veflels of flagons." J Our unbelieving apprehenfions do fo 
quarrel at the profperity of enemies in an evil caufe, that we wreftle 
with defeats, fpoiling, captivity of the godly, killing of His people, 
the waiting of our land, flarving and famifhing of the kingdom, 
which is worfe than the fword. But this is a flnful contradicting of 
the Lord's revealed decree. His wifdom faith, ei Spoiling and defo- 
lation is bell: for Scotland;" and we fay, "Not," and fo accufe 
Chrifl: of mifgovernment, and of not being true to the trufl put 
upon Him. But fince He doth not drag the government at His 
heels, but hath it upon His fhoulder, and fince the Nail faflened in 
a fure place cannot be broken, § nor can the fmalleft veflel fail to 
find fweet fecurity in dependence upon Him, fince all the weight of 
heaven and earth, of redeemed faints and confirmed angels, is upon 
His fhoulder, I am a fool, and brutifh to imagine that I can add 
anything to Chrifl's fpecial care of and tendernefs to His people. 
He who keepeth the bafins and knives of His houfe, and bringeth 
the veflels again to the fecond temple, || muff have a more tender 
care of His redeemed ones than of a fpoon, or of Peter's old fhoes,5[ 
which yet muft not be loft in His captivity. Oh for grace to 
fuffer Chrifl: to tutor His own minors and young heirs ! But we 
cannot endure to be under the actings of His government ; we love 
too much to be our own. Oh, how fweet to be wholly Chrifl's, 
and wholly in Chrifl ! to be out of the creature's owning, and 

* Accufing, upbraiding. f Ifa. xxii. 22. J Ifa. xxii. 23, 24. 

§ Ifa. xxii. 25 is alluded to, where the Hebrew is either " broken," or cut 
down. See note p. 359. 

|| Ezra. i. 8, 9, 10. ^[ AcT:s. xii. 8. 

368 LETTER CCCXXXIV. [1651. 

made complete in Chrifl ! to live by faith in Chrift, and to be, once 
for all, clothed with the uncreated majefty and glory of the Son of 
God, wherein He maketh all His friends and followers fharers ! to 
dwell in Immanuel's high and blefled land, and live in that fweetelt 
air where no wind bloweth but the breathings of the Holy Ghoft, 
no feas nor floods flow but the pure water of life, that proceedeth 
from under the throne and from the Lamb ! no planting but the 
Tree of life that yieldeth twelve manner of fruits every month ! 
What do we here but fin and fufFer ? Oh, when mail the night 
be gone, the fhadows flee away, and the morning of that long, 
long day, without cloud or night, dawn ? The Spirit and the bride 
fay, " Come." Oh, when fhall the Lamb's wife be ready, and the 
Bridegroom fay, " Come !" 

"Worthy Sir, I mind* you to the Hearer of prayer. Oh help 
me in that kind. 

The Spirit of Jefus be with your fpirit. 

Yours, in his only Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, May 14, 165 1. 

CCCXXXTV. — To the worthy and tnuch honoured Colonel Gilbert 



not why the people of God fhould not take notice of 
the bonds of any who have blood in readinefs to be let 
out for His caufe; and I judge it was not of you that ye died not in 
the undecided controverfy which the Lord of the whole earth hath 
with the men whom He hath fent againft us. 

Dear and much honoured in the Lord, let me entreat you to be 

* Remember to fpeak of you. 

165 1.] LETTER CCCXXXIV. 369 

far from the thoughts of leaving this land. I fee it, and find* it, 
that the Lord hath covered the whole land with a cloud in His 
anger. But though I have been tempted to the like, I had rather 
be in Scotland befide angry Jems Chrift, knowing that He mindeth 
no evil to us, than in any Eden or garden in the earth ; if we can 
remain united with the Lord's remnant in the land.f He layeth up 
wrath for all forts of adversaries in Britain. Though I fhould never 
fee the glory of His gliftering fword in Britain, I would be folaced 
in the innocent thoughts (far from revenge) that the faints fhall dip 
their feet in the blood of the flain of the Lord. And truly, Sir, I 
fuppofe that ye cannot but come to thefe thoughts and weak defires 
before the Hearer of prayer, for as little as ye think of and value 
yourfelf. For me, if I could mind you in your bonds, I purpofe 
not to ftand to the account you give, or thoughts ye have of your- 
felf ; though I know ye are not a whit, more or lefs, before Him who 
weigheth His own according to the weight of imputed righteoufnefs, 
for my apprehenfions. Chrift cannot miftake you, men may ; and 
the calculation and efteem of free grace maketh you to be what you 
are. I hope to fee you an everlaftingly obliged debtor to Him whom 
ye fhall praife but never pay. And truly ye have no riches but that 
debt : and I know that ye love to be engaged to Jefus Chrift, the 
moft excellent of creditors. Much joy and fweetnefs may ye have, 
in ftanding written in His book. I defire to do it myfelf, and I 
would have you alfo highly to efteem the defign of Chrift, who 
hath railed the riches of the glory of fo much grace above the 
circle of the heaven of heavens, out of very nothings ; and con- 
trived His thoughts of love, fo that lumps of glorified clay fhould 
ftand before Him, for all ages, the burdened and loaden debtors of 

* Experience it. 

t Rutherford here refers to a call which he had received (on the death of 
De Maets, or Dematius) to fill the chair of Divinity in the Univerfity of 
Utrecht, to which he was elected without being confulted. He, however, 
declined to accept the invitation. The call was conveyed to him firft ver- 
bally, by his brother James, then an officer in a regiment lying at Grave in 
Brabant ; and next formally in writing. 


370 LETTER CCCXXXV. [1651. 

free, eternally free grace. Sir, ye cannot caft the count of the rents 
of your fo great inheritance of glory. 

Grace be with you. 

Your fervant, in his own Lord Jefus, 

Edinburgh, May 18, 165 1. S. R. 

CCCXXXV.— To my Lady Kenmtjre. 


1 AD AM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — We are 
fallen in winnowing and trying times. I am glad that 
your breath ferveth you to run to the end, in the fame 
condition and way wherein ye have walked thefe twenty years pan. 
It is either the way of peace, or we are yet in our fins, and have 
miffed the way. The Lord, it is true, hath flamed the pride of all 
our glory ; and now, laft of all, the fun hath gone down upon many 
of the prophets. But {tumble not ; men are but men, and God 
appeareth more and more to be God, and Chrift is full Chrift. 

Madam, a ftronger than I am had almoft Humbled me and caft 
me down. But oh what mercy is it to difcern between what is 
Chrift's and what is man's, and what way the hue, colour, and 
luftre of gifts of grace dazzle and deceive our weak eyes ! Oh to 
be dead to all things that are below Chrift, were it even a created 
heaven and created grace ! Holinefs is not Chrift ; nor are the 
bloffoms and flowers of the Tree of Life the tree itfelf. Men and 
creatures may wind themfelves between us and Chrift ; and, there- 
fore, the Lord hath done much to take out of the way all betwixt 
Him and us. There are not in our way now, kings, nor armies, nor 
nobles, nor judicatories, nor ftrongholds, nor watchmen, nor godly 
profeffors. The faireft things, and moft eminent in Britain, are 
ftained, and have loft their luftre ; only, only Chrift keepeth His 
greennefs and beauty, and remaineth what He was. Oh, if He were 
more and more excellent to our apprehenfions than ever He was 

1 65 ij LETTER CCCXXXVL 371 

(whofe excellency is above all apprehenfions), and Hill more and 
more fweet to our tafte ! I care for nothing, if fo be that I were 
nearer to Him. And yet He fleeth not from me : I flee from Him, 
but He purfueth. 

I hear that your Ladyfhip hath the fame efteem of the defpifed 
caufe and covenant of our Lord that ye had before. Madam, hold 
you there. I dare and would gladly breathe out my fpirit in that way, 
with a nearer communion and fellowlTiip with the Father and the Son, 
and would feek no more but that I might die believing. And alfo I 
would hope, that the earth mould not cover the blood of the godly, 
ilain in Scotland, but that the Lord will make inquifition for their 
blood when the fufferings of the faints in thefe lands fhall be fulfilled. 

The good- will of Him that dwelt in The Bum be with you. 
Your Ladyfhip's, at all obfervance, in the Lord Jefus, 

Glasgow, Sept, a8, 165 1. S. R. 

CCCXXXVL— To Lady Ralston.* 

[Lady Ralston, whofe maiden name was Uriah Mure, was daughter to 
William Mure of Glanderfton, a refpedtable family in the county of Renfrew, 
and wife of William Ralfton of that ilk. Mr Alexander Dunlop, minifter of 
Paifley, was married to one of her fitters, and Mr John Carftairs to another. 
Lady Ralfton was a woman of diftinguifhed piety. Mr Dunlop, who " was 
moft tingle and impartial in his judgment of perfons of worth, without refpect 
of perfons," fpoke in the higheft terms of her Chriftian character. One day, 
commending her to Mrs Haftie, wife of Mr Alexander Haftie, minifter of 
Glafgow, he fpoke fo much to her commendation that Mr Haftie faid to him, 
u I wonder to hear you fpeak fo much to the praife of that lady ; I think 
you fpeak more of her than of your own wife." He anfwered, " Sanders, I 
love truly to be juft to everybody. I think my wife is truly a good woman, 
and all the reft of the fitters are good women ; but I muft fay, Lady Ralfton 
is a perfon more than ordinary. I know very few come her length ; yea, 
Sanders, I truly think fhame to even myfelf to be a Chriftian befide her, when 
I look to her carriage. She is a very odd [fingular] woman." — (Wodrow s 
AnaleBa.) Mr John Carftairs alfo bears teftimony to her Chriftian excel- 

* Wodrow MSS., vol. xlv., 8vo, No. 13. " This letter," fays Wodrow, 
" is taken from a copy ; but is certainly Mr Rutherford's to Lady Ralfton of 
that ilk, which I have from her grandchild, and, as far as I can fee, is not 

372 LETTER CCCXXXVL [165 1. 

lence, and to the kindnefs fhe had fhown to him and his family, particularly 
after his ejection from his church in Glafgow, in 1662, for confcience' fake.] 


LENT LORD JESUS,— With much defire I have 
longed to hear how you were, fince I heard of your 
being fo near the harbour, as feemed ; and now, to my great fatis- 
faclion, I am informed of your recovery. As for yourfelf, I grant, 
to have entered in at the ports* of the manfions of glory had been 
belt by far ; but, yet to flay a little longer here is much more com- 
fortable to yours. Therefore, Miftrefs, dearly refpecled in the Lord, 
you are even heartily welcome, though f to fhare yet further with 
Zion in her manifold tribulations. Yea, I believe yourfelf thinks it 
no difadvantage, but rather one great addition of honour, to come 
back and bear His reprcach yet more, in a world of oppofition to 
Him. For (to fpeak fo) it is an advantage that is not to be had in 
heaven itfelf ; for, although the inhabitants of that land agree in one 
to fing the fong of the Lamb's praife and commendation, fo it is 
here-away,J and here only, where we have occafion to endure fhame 
and contradiction for His worthy fake. Confidering, therefore, 
the honour of the crofs with the glory of the life to come, the faints 
are hereby rendered completely happy and honourable. It's much 
felfifhnefs (as I judge it when I get feen belt into the myftery of 
our Lord's crofs) to make poft hafte to be in the land of reft, when 
a frorm of perfecution is rifing for Chrift. ; for the (luggard and 
peevifh fpirit loves reft upon any terms, though never fo difhonour- 
able. It is in effect, then, far more honourable to feek conformity 
to Chrift in His crofs, than to § precipitate in defiring to be like Him 
in glory, and defpife and fly away from His fufFerings. We ufe to 
fay they are very evil-worthy || of the fweet who will not endure the 
four. I think Chrift's pilgrim weeds (He being a Man of forrows 

* The gates. f Though it be to fhare. % This part of the univerfe. 
§Too? || Unworthy; ill-worthy. 

1 65 1.] LETTER CCCXXXVL 373 

and griefs) are more honourable than ever it became the like of us* 
to wear ; efpecially confidering our poor bafe defcent, whom He 
will have honoured with conformity to Himfelf. Woe's me that I, 
and many the like of me* within the land, look fo frowardly on 
Chrifl's crofs, as though it were not His love-allowance to all His 
followers ! It's plainly our grofs ignorance that is the caufe thereof. 
Faith, I grant, would fuffer affliction for Him with good-will, rather 
than the leaft iniquity mould be committed ; but fenfe loves no 
bands. For faith, keeping the fway, puts oft-times the carnal man 
in bondage, and that occafions flrife betwixt the flefh and the fpirit. 
The fpirit fmells no freedom or deliverance but that which comes 
from above ; the flefh would aye have deliverance, without exami- 
nation of the terms, or wherefrom it comes. As it is the mark of 
Chrift's fheep, that they will hear His voice, and will not acknow- 
ledge a ftranger, fo it is the mark of faith, that it will only receive 
orders from heaven. When He declares His mind for bands, it 
fubmits to bands, not replying objections to the contrary ; and again, 
when He fays, "Show yourfelves the prifoners of hope," it dis- 
covers time and way, and obeys to come forth, but not till then. 
But the flefh maketh ever hafte, and the firA and nearefl eafe is aye 
its bell: choice. The Lord keep His dear people from wanting of 
any exercife that is meafured out by Him to them, now when He 
hides His face, left we be turned afide to ftrange gods ! And when 
He fhows Himfelf again (as He will afluredly do), we ken our 
change.f It is far fafer to dwell a little in faith's prifon than in 
fenfe's fair eft liberty. I fee nothing fo comfortable an evidence of 
God's flaying into,J and healing of, this broken and poor land, than 
that faithful teftimony of His precious fervants (and ftrengthened only 
by Him) againft the late and fore defection. § Yet, if the Lord 
had not left us a remnant, we had been as Sodom and like to 
Gomorrah. And exalted be our God, only wife and free in His 

* Such as we are. f Come to know how much we are changed. 

% Still remaining in ; {t into" for et in." 

§ Rutherford alludes to the oppofition made by the Protefters to the 
Public Refolutions 


love, that ever any tefKmony was given ! for the hour of temptation 
was very dark to all once. But to fome He mowed much light, 
and helped them with a little help. Others, alfo, able and dear to 
Him, He hath letten, as yet, remain under the cloud. But the 
myftery of His wifdom is fo high in this, that I profefs it may ren- 
der all flefh humble in the duff, and to glory henceforth in nothing 
but in His upholding ftrength and free love. Always,* when His 
due time comes, He will make His fervants fee that which they do 
not now fee. But, alas ! in the meantime, there is no harder 
matter of our trouble to be looked to than the grievous differences 
of judgments and affections among the Lord's fervants ; which I 
know is much pondered by you. And I truft that all our worthy 
dear friends will labour to the utmoft, according to Chrift's com- 
mand, to have the breach made up again, that Satan get not advan- 
tage therethrough ; for I think nothing makes more for his ends 
than the defacing of union amongil: the Lord's dear ones. I think 
it mould be amongft our many requefts to Him " in whom all the 
building ufeth to be fitly framed together in love ;" yea, the obtain- 
ing of this requeft were a great advantage to the poor kirk. And 
if the Lord take pleafure in us, there is yet hope in Ifrael concern- 
ing this thing ; but if not, it is like to prove a probable token, 
amongft fome others, of ChrifVs taking down His tabernacle in this 
land : which, if He do, we will have fad days. But the confidera- 
tion of His pitiful compaflion holds forth ground to believe other- 
wife ; upon which ground it is like that He will give us a door of 
hope, though He do not give full deliverance yet. For our hope is 
not perifhed yet from the Lord, becaufe men and carnal reafon fay 
fo ; for none of thefe are bands or rules to the Almighty ! Yea, 
Zion's loweft ebb fhall be the firft ftep to her rife. I have no other 
reafon to give but " the zeal of the Lord of hofts [will] perform 
it -,"f and in confidence of it, I remain, 

Yours in all trouble, 

Oftober 1 65 1. S. R. 

* Nothwithftanding. Fr. toutfois. f Ifai. ix. 7. 


Tender my refpecls to your dear hufband, who is indeed pre- 
cious in the account of the honed here, for his faithfulnefs in the 
hour of temptation. 

CCCXXXVIL— To a Minifter <f Glafgow * 

[Wodrow annexes to this letter the following note: "To one of the 
minifters of Glafgow, who probably was depofed by the Refolutionifts, or 
at leaft a fufferer for the proteftation, — Mr M'Ward perhaps, or Mr Patrick 
Gillefpie." The letter bears internal evidence of having been written to a 
minifter of Glafgow who had been cenfured by the General AfTembly which 
met at Dundee in 1651, for his oppofition to the public refolutions. By that 
AfTembly three minifters, Mr James Guthrie of Stirling, Mr Patrick Gillefpie 
of Glafgow, and Mr James Simpfon of Airth, were depofed, and one, Mr 
James Nafmith of Hamilton, fufpended, on the ground of their having pro- 
tefted againft the lawfulnefs of that AfTembly. — {Life of Robert Blair y p. 
278.) There feems, then, little doubt that Mr Patrick Gillefpie is the 
perfon to whom this letter was addrefTed. It could not have been Mr Robert 
M'Ward, for he was licenfed only in 1655, and did not become a minifter 
of Glafgow till 1656, when he fucceeded Mr Andrew Gray in the Outer 
High Kirk; nor, though he enlifted himfelf on the fide of the Protefters, 
does he appear to have fuffered on that account. Mr Patrick Gillefpie was 
the fon of Mr John Gillefpie (fecond minifter of the collegiate charge of 
Kirkaldy), and brother of the celebrated George Gillefpie. He was born at 
Kirkaldy in 1617, and was for fome time minifter of that parifh, previous to 
his tranfiation to Glafgow. After the death of Charles I., he favoured the 
Commonwealth, and was appointed by Cromwell Principal of the Univerfity 
of Glafgow, into which office he was inftalled after encountering much oppo- 
fition. At the Reftoration, he was ejected from the Principalfhip, in which 
he was fucceeded by the celebrated Robert Baillie. He was alfo imprifoned 
fucceffively in the Caftles of Edinburgh and Stirling; and upon the fitting 
of the Parliament in 1661, was impeached of high treafon, on the alleged 
ground of his having compiled "The Weftern Remonftrance," approved the 
pamphlet entitled " The Caufes of God's Wrath," and kept correfpondence 
with Cromwell. But, having made conceffions, he was fhortly after liberated, 

* From a copy among the Wodrow MSS., vol. xlv., 8vo, No. 14. " I 
had it," fays Wodrow, "from the Laird of Ralfton. It's a double, only 
written on the fame meet with the former to Lady Ralfton, perhaps about 
the fame time." 

376 LETTER CCCX XXVII. [165 1. 

and confined to Ormifton and fix miles around it. " His works fpeak for 
him," fays Wodrow, (t and evidence him a perfon of great learning, folidity, 
and piety, particularly his excellent treatifes upon ' The Covenants of Grace 
and Redemption.'"] 


IR, — I long to fee you, fince you gave a public teftimony 
for your Mafter, and are become a fufFerer for Him. 
Until I fhall be able to fee you, I thought it duty to 
write to you that I remember you as I am able. Your zeal and 
faithfulnefs for our Mafter and your mother Church have made your 
name honourable and precious among many here ; yea, have exceed- 
ingly refrefhed the bowels of the faints. Upon my word, Sir, I 
fay the truth, you have their hearts and their approbation to what 
you have done ; and that you are approven of God, I doubt not : 
the feal whereof, I hope, mail be in your heart, to feaft your con- 
fcience with peace, and to caufe your face fhine in innocency. 
What you have done with your fellow-witneffes, companions in 
tribulation, fhall turn to you for a teftimony. Sir, when this Gene- 
ral Aflembly are gathered together to their fathers, and you wear- 
ing your crown up at the throne, and following the Lamb, your 
name fhall be precious and have a favour of life amongft the faints. 
You fhall have your mother's Hefting, I mean the Church of Scot- 
land, when you are dead and rotten. Though now you feem to 
be a man of ftrife and contention, yet you are no otherways for 
ftrife and contention than your Mafter before you, who came not to 
fend peace, but rather divifion and contention* with the malignant 
party. And union in judgment, with men not tender of our Lord's 
intereft, is a conjunction and union I hope you fhall never think 
defirable. Sectarian feparation, I am confident, you never loved ; 
though men, who are become tranigreftbrs in deftroying what they 
have formerly been building, give it forth fo. Woe's me, Sir, that 
amongft fo many hundred minifters in the Church of Scotland, fo 

* Luke xii. <?i. 

1 65 1.] LETTER CCCXXXV1L 377 

few are like to be found willing to give or approve of your and 
others' faithful teftimony. I think that, befides the evil of blind- 
nefs that is in the mind of fome, and the idolizing of man's interelt 
by others, an uncrucified world and over-loved ftipends mall hinder 
many from coming your length. We are debtors to you, and to 
our Lord Jefus Chriit, that hath given to you to care for " Zion, 
whom no man feeks after ;"* not caring for your own things, but 
the things of God. Fair fall youf that have quit all things to follow 
Him. To you, and to others that will continue with Chriit, in this 
hour of tribulation, is appointed a kingdom. Sir, you had more 
credit and worldly greatnefs to lofe than many honeft ministers ; 
and thanks be to God that you have fo learned Chriit [as] to be 
made a man for Chrift of no reputation, for Him. Your defpifed 
Mafter, who made Himfelf while He was amongft us a man of no 
reputation, is now exalted in glory. There is none now to gibe 
Him by bowing the knee, none now to fpit in His face, none now 
to bring Him under mocking of the purple robe, none to put on 
His head a crown of thorns. And as you now partake of His 
furFerings, fo mail you hereafter of His glory. You mail fit hon- 
ourably on thrones ; and when the Chief Shepherd appears, you 
mall receive the crown. I am convinced that it is for confcience 
toward God that you fuffer. The bottom of your teftimony and 
fuffering is not fb narrow as fome think, who ftudy more to decline 
the crofs than to be tender for every truth. School-heads J talk of 
fundamentals and non-fundamentals ; and, fay they, " The prefent 
controverfy is not about fundamentals : minifters may keep their 
places, peace, and ftipends, and make lefs din." § But are non- 
fundamentals nothing ? I would choofe rather not be brought up 
at fchool, than to grow fo fubtile and wily by fchool diitinctions, [as] 
to decline the crofs. Sir, you divide not from others for nothing •, 
you contend not for nothing ; you fuffer not for nothing. They 
that will be unfaithful in little will be unfaithful in much. Miftake 

* Jer. xxx. 17. f Good betide you. 

X Men who pretend to be wile in this world's learning. 
$ Leis noife about the matter. 

378 LETTER CCCXXXVU. [1651. 

me not, as if I thought the ground of your teftimony a little thing 
and a trifle. I think you, and all that be faithful to God, are bound 
to follow it to bonds and to blood. That Chrift ought to be a 
King in Scotland, and the people ought to employ* the liberty that 
Chrift. hath bought to them with His blood, is among fundamentals 
with me ; and whether the way man gives and allows to men that 
have fought againft the truth be not naturally, and by interpretation, 
againft this, judge. Sir, your Matter did put you in His vineyard. 
You have a teftimony from many of a faithful and diligent labourer. 
I hear that you are now violently thruft out. I think the Spirit of 
Chrift would teach men fobriety and forbearance. I wifh (and 
know you will join with me) that men's violent dealing with you 
provoke not the Lord, to make this the laft General AfTembly of 
the Church of Scotland. Always,-)- I acknowledge you one of the 
ftars which the Lord hath in His hand, one of the angels of the 
Church of Scotland, a faithful minifter of the Gofpel at Glafgow. 
You have given a teftimony for your Mafter ; you mail get a meet- 
ing when He comes in the clouds. And though there mould not 
be a General AfTembly henceforth in the Church of Scotland, 
judicially to acknowledge you His minifter, yet, in the General 
AfTembly of angels and men, that your Mafter in the latter day 
fhall call in the clouds, you fhall get a teftimony of a minifter of 
the Gofpel ; and from the Shepherd and the Lord, the righteous 
Judge, you fhall receive the crown. I think there is a neceflity laid 
on you to preach the Gofpel, and to call people to the covenant of 
grace, wherever you can fafely do it. I know there are many that 
will yet receive you as an angel of God, and yet will be followers 
of you and of Chrift, " receiving the word in much affliction, with 
joy in the Holy Ghoft." The Lord give you in all things to " ap- 
prove yourfelf as the minifter of God, in much patience and afflic- 
tion, in neceflities, diftrefles, in ftripes, in imprifonment, in labour, 
and watching, and faffing, — by honour and dishonour, in good report 
and ill report.";): For, now we live if ye ftand faff in the Lord. 

* Enjoy ? t Notwithftanding. % 2 Cor. vi. 4, 5, 6. 


And the God of all peace, who hath called you to His eternal glory 
by Chrift. Jefus, after that you have fufFered awhile, make you 
perfect, ftablifh, ftrengthen, and fettle you. Remember me to thofe 
that are your companions in tribulation, and in the kingdom and 
patience of Jefus Chrift, and to your wife, that will be a faithful 
helper to you in this time of your affliction. 

Becaufe I am not able to fee you yet, and fearing that when I 
come to Glafgow I fhall not find you there, I thought good to 

CCCXXXVIIL— For the Right Honourable and Chri/iian Lady, the 
Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — The Lord 
is gracious who keepeth your Ladyfhip in the furnace, 
when many put out their hand to iniquity one way or 
other. We are now mouldering and cafting down one another in 
the dark, and the godly are hidden from the godly. We make our 
own chains heavier by joining with the Lord's enemies -, hence new 
fufferings to all that dare not fay "a confederacy to thofe to whom 
this people fay a confederacy, nor fear their fear."* As that is my 
exercife now, who am not very far from being my lonef (though 
I know in whom I have believed, at leaft I mould know) in this 
place ; fo I am afraid that the godly there comply with thofe de- 
clared enemies of God. It will be our ftxength to walk between 
enemies and malignants on either fide. This is the day of Jacob's 
trouble ; yet thefe dry bones can, and muff live. I know not if I 
fhall fee it, but I hope to take this quietnefs and fdence of faith, in 
the midft of the noifes of the alarm for war, to the grave with me, 
that the Lord will build upon the Church of Britain and Ireland a 
palace of filver, inclofed with boards of cedar. 

Dear Madam, faint not -, the night is almoft gone ; "for the vifion 

* I fa. viii. 12. f By myfelf, unfympathized with. 

380 LETTER CCCXXXIX. [1653. 

is yet for an appointed time ; but at the end it fhall fpeak, and not lie: 
though it tarry, wait for it, becaufe it will furely come, and not 
tarry." Madam, weary not ; none can outbid your lodging in heaven ; 
there is more given for it, by Him who hath befpoken it for Jean 
Campbell, and taken it for her, than any can offer. The ranfom of 
blood ltandeth. 

My wife remembereth her refpects to your Ladyfhip. The 
child is well. Mrs Gillefpie is well, we hear, but is not here. 
Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours, in his own Lord Jefus Chrift, 
St Andrew's, Jan, 28, 1653. S. R. 

CCCXXXIX.— For Grizzel Fullerton. [Let. 5.] 


llSTRESS, — Remembering well what relation I had to 
your dear mother (now bleffed and perfected with 
glory),* and being confident that yourfelf looketh that 
way (which, except I be eternally loft, is the way of peace and of 
life), I mould be ungrateful to forget thofe, whom, by the covenant 
of the Lord, I cannot but remember to God. 

I fhall fpeak nothing to you of the prefent fad differences ;f but 
if I have, or ever had, any nearnefs to God, that other way (which 
I truft I fhall never follow) is the way of man. And for the prefent 
powers, \ I fuffer from them, and look for more. God hath a con- 
troverfy with them ; and, my foul, enter not into their fecrets ! 
Only, I would befeech, requeft, and obteft. you in the Lord, and 
by your appearance before Chrift, to follow the way of the Lord 
and the fteps trod by the gracious in that place, which the Lord 

* Marion M'Naught, her mother, died 1643. 

f The differences on account of the Public Refolutions. Let. 329, note. 

X The Government of Cromwell. 

1653.] LETTER CCCXXXIX. 381 

followed with life and power. My heart is filled with sorrow, con- 
fidering what communion with God fome of that country had, and 
how much they were in edifying and helping one another, in His 
way ; and how little of that there is now in that country. Your 
mother kept in life in that place, and quickened many about her to 
the feeking of God. My defire to you is, that you mould fucceed 
her in that way, and be letting a word fall to your brethren and 
others, that may encourage them to look toward the way of God. 
you will have need of it ere it be long. See how you may have a 
gracious minifter, and no neutral there, to fucceed and follow the 
fervant of God now afleep in the Lord.* There is a great and 
wide difference between a name of godlinefs and the power of god- 

* Refers probably to J. M'Lellan, who had come from Ireland, and been 
admitted minifter in Kirkcudbright in 1638, where he continued to live and 
labour till his death in 1650. He was a man early acquainted with God and 
His ways, a molt upright and zealous Proteftant, and one who knew not 
what it was to be afraid in the caufe of God. Livingfton fays, that he was 
thought by many to have had fomewhat of the fpirit of prophecy ; he foretold 
many fad events that would come on England. A little before his death, he 
compofed the following epitaph on himfelf: — 

u Come, ftinglefs death, have o'er; lo ! here's my pafs, 

In blood character'd, by His hand who was, 

And is, and fhall be. Jordan, cut thy ftream, 

Make channels dry ; I bear my Father's name 

Stamped on my brow. I'm ravifhed with my crown ; 

I mine fo bright, down with all glory, down, 

That world can give. I fee the peerlefs Port,* 

The Golden Street, the blefTed foul's Refort, 

The Tree of Life. Floods gufhing from the Throne, 

Call me to joys. Begone, fhort woes begone ; 

I lived to die, but now I die to live ; 

I do enjoy more than I did believe. 

The Promife me into PofTemon fends 

Faith in fruition, hope in having ends." 

Livingfton 's CharaEteriftics , and Nicholfons Galloway , vol. ii. 

* The gate of the city. 

382 LETTER CCCXL. [1653. 

linefs. That is hotteft when there are feweft witneffes. The dead- 
nefs upon many, and the defection of the land, is great. BlefTed 
are they who feek the Lord and His face. 

I mail entreat you to remember me to your hufband, and all 
friends. I defire to forget none who are in Chrift. 
Your brother in the Lord, 

Edinburgh, March 14, 1653. S. R. 

CCCXL.— To Mr Thomas Wylie.* 

JIGHT REVEREND,— I look on it as a fignificant ex- 
preilion of your refpect to me, and above all deferving 
in me, that you take notice of any appearance of clouds, 
or alienation of mind among brethren ; and am glad of your teftimony 
of my brother. I had no intereft but brotherly advice, and hearty 
defire of the real profpering of the work of the Gofpel. Nor was it 
either necefTary or expedient, that your wpfdoms] mould be troubled 
and put to any prefbyterial teftimony, upon the ground of a private 
miffive letter, written by mifinformation. I give credit to your tes- 
timony, and judge much ought to be laid upon it, and fhall think 
myfelf obliged to your wfifdoms], and look on it as a teftimony of 
your affectionate zeal to the work of God. The Lord of the har- 
veft thruft out labourers to His vineyard, and blefs His work in 
your hands ! Excufe me, dear and reverend, for my troubling 
you with any private mifunderltanding. I am not a little refrefhed 
to hear of your care and zeal for the houfe of God. 
The Lord be with your fpirit. 

Your unworthy brother and fellow-labourer in the Gofpel, 
St Andrew's, March 23, 1653. S. R. 

* From the original, among the Wodrow MSS., vol. xxix., 4to, No. 66. 
This letter is addreffed on the back, " For his Reverend and dear Brother, Mr 
Thomas Wylie, Minifter of the Gofpel at Kirkcudbright, and Moderator of 
the Prefbytery there." 


1653.] LETTER CCCXLL 383 

CCCXLI. — To ;«y Lady Kenmure. 

[ADAM, — Grace, mercy, and peace be to you. — I know 
that ye think of an outgoing, and that your quartering 
in time, and your abode in this life, is fhort ; " for we 
flee away as a fhadow." The declining of the fun, and the length- 
ening of the fhadow, fay that our journey is fhort and near the end. 
I fpeak it, becaufe I have warnings of my removal. Madam, I know 
not any againft whom the Lord is not : for He is againft " the proud 
and lofty ; the day of the Lord is upon all the cedars, upon all the 
high mountains, upon every high tower, and upon every fenced 
wall, upon all the mips of Tarfhifh, and upon all pleafant pictures."* 
I know not anything comparable to a nearnefs and fpiritual com- 
munion with the Father and the Son Chrift. There is much dead- 
nefs and witherednefs upon many fpirits fometime near to God ; and 
I wifh the Lord have not more to fay and to do againft the land. 

Ye have, Madam, in your accounts, mercies, deliverances, rods, 
warnings, plenty of means, confolations (when " refuge failed, when 
ye looked on the right hand, and behold no man would know you, 
nor care for your foul," when young and weak), manifeftations of 
God, the outgoings of the Lord for you, experiences, anfwers from 
the Lord ; by all which, ye may be comforted now, and confirmed 
in the certain hope, that grace, free grace, in a fixed and eftablifhed 
Surety, fhall perfect that good work in you. Happy they who fee 
not and yet believe. 

Grace, grace, eternally in our Lord Jefus be with you. 
Yours, in the Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 
Edinburgh, May 27, 1653. 

* Ifa. ii. 12-16. 

384 LETTER CCCXLIL [1653. 

CCCXLII. — For the Right Honourable, and truly worthy Colonel 

Gilbert Ker. 



with you may appear by your letters to fome with us ; 

but it is the complaint of not a few of fuch as were in 
Chrift before me, that molt of us inhabit and dwell in a parched 
land. The people of the Lord are like a land not rained upon. 
Though fome dare not deny that this is the garden of the Beloved, 
and the vineyard that the Lord doth keep and water every moment, 
yet, oh ! where are the fometime* quickening breathings and in- 
fluences from heaven that have refremed His hidden ones ? 

The caufes of His withdrawings are unknown to us. One 
thing cannot be denied, but that ways of high fovereignty and do- 
minion of grace are far out of the fight of angels and men ; yea, and 
fo above the fixed way of free promifes (fuch as, " This do, and 
He fhall breathe and blow upon His garden"), as He hath put forth 
a declaration to His hidden ones in Scotland, that fmarting, wres- 
tlings, prayings, complaining, gracious miffing, cannot earn the vifits 
from on high, nor fetch down mowers upon the defert. It may be, 
when we are faying in our graves, " Our bones are dry, and our 
hope gone," that temporal and fpiritual deliverance may come both 
together ; and that He will caufe us feel, both the one way and the 
other, the good of his reign who fhortly cometh to the throne. 
" He fhall come down like rain upon the mown grafs, as mowers 
that water the earth." " In His days mail the righteous flourifh ; 
and abundance of peace fo long as the moon endureth." " He fhall 
deliver the needy when he crieth ; the poor alfo, and him that hath 
no helper." " He fhall redeem their foul from deceit and violence : 

* Former. 

1653.] LETTER CCCXLIL 385 

and precious fhall their blood be in His fight." * And though we 
cannot pray home a fweet feafon that way, yet ChrLft muff bring 
fummer with Him when He cometh. " There fhall be an handful 
of corn in the earth upon the top of the mountains ; the fruit thereof 
fhall make like Lebanon." 

I know not iff I apply prophecies as I would, rather than as they 
are. When the one Shepherd is fet over them, even He who fhall 
ftand (oh how much do we lie !) and feed in the ftrength of the 
Lord, the ifles (and this the greateft of them), which wait for His 
law, are to look for that ; " And I will make them, and the places 
round about My hill, a blefling ; and I will caufe the fhower to 
come down in his feafon : there fhall be fhowers of blefTing."J 
How defirable muft every drop of fuch a fhower be ! And -, " I 
will be as the dew to Ifrael : he fhall grow as the lily, and caff 
forth his roots as Lebanon. His branches fhall fpread, and his 
beauty fhall be as the olive-tree, and his fmell as Lebanon." § And; 
" Inftead of the thorn fhall come up the fir-tree, and inftead of the 
brier fhall come up the myrtle-tree ; and it fhall be to the Lord for 
a name, for an everlafting fign that fhall not be cut off." || "I will 
plant in the wildernefs the cedar, the fhittah-tree, and the oil-tree." 5f 
" I will pour water upon him that is thirfty, and floods upon the 
dry ground : I will pour My Spirit upon thy feed, and My bleffing 
upon thine offspring." And it fhall be no loft labour or fruitlefs 
hufbandry ; " They fhall fpring up as among the grafs, as willows 
by the water-courfes." ## But when this fhall be in Scotland (and 
it muff, be) is better to believe than prophefy ; and quietly to hope 
and fit ftill (for that is yet our ftrength), than to quarrel with 
Him, that the wheels of this chariot move leifurely. 

Yet this can hardly fay anything to us who do fb much pleafe 
ourfelves in our deadnefs, and are almoft gone from godly thirft 
and miffing too, being half-fatisfied with our witherednefs. No 
doubt we have marred His influences, and have not feconded nor 

* Ps. lxxii. 6, 7, ia, 14-16. f But that. % Ezek. xxxiv. 26. 

§ Hofea xiv. 5, 6. || Ifa. lv. 13. f Ifa. xli. 19. ** Ifa. xliv. 3, 4. 

VOL. 11. B B 

386 LETTER CCCXLIL [1653. 

fmiled upon His actings upon us. Nor have we been much of his 
{train who doth eight times breath out that fuit, " Quicken me, 
quicken me."* So much are we defirous to be acted upon by the 
Lord as blocks and ftones ; and fo prodigal are we of His motions, 
as if they were no better to be hu (banded. But it is good that it is 
not in our power to blafl and undo His breathings ; but His wind 
bloweth where He lifteth. Could we but lean, and cait a quiet fpirit 
under the dewings and ihowerings of Him that every moment water- 
eth His vineyard, how happy and bleffed were we ! We neither 
open nor difcern His knocking, nor do we feel His hand put in 
through the keyhole, nor can we give any fpiritual account of the 
walkings and motions of Chrift, when He ftandeth behind the wall, 
when He cometh flapping over the mountains, when He cometh to 
His garden and feafteth, when He feedeth among the lilies, when 
His fpikenard cafteth a fmell, when He knocketh and withdraweth, 
and is nowhere to be found. Oh, how little a portion of God do 
we fee ! How little ftudy we God ! How rarely read we God, 
or are verfed in the lively apprehenfions of that great unknown All 
in All, the glorious Godhead, and the Godhead revealed in Chrift ! 
We dwell far from the well, and complain but dryly of our drynefs 
and dullnefs. We are rather dry than thirfty. 

Sir, there may be artificial pride in this humility ; but for me, 
I neither know what He is, nor His Son's name, nor where He 
dwelleth. I hear a report of Chrift great enough, and that is all. 
Oh ! what is nearnefs to Him ? What is that, to be " in God," to 
" dwell in God ?" What a houfe muft that be !f How far are 
fome from their houfe and home ? how ill acquaint J with the 
rooms, manfions, fafety, and fweetnefs of holy fecurity to be found 
in God ! Oh, what eftrangement ! what wandering ! what fre- 
quent converfing with felf and the creature ! Is not here " the bed 
fhorter than that a man can ltretch himfelf on it ? and the covering 
narrower than that he can wrap himfelf in it ?"§ When mall we 
attain to a living in only, only God ! and be eitranged from all the 

* Ps. cxix. f 1 John iv. 13. % Acquainted with. § Ifa. xxviii. 20. 




poor created nothings, the painted fhadow-beings of yefterday, 
which, an hour and lefs before creation, were dark wafte negatives 
and empty nothings, and fhould fo have been for eternity, had the 
Lord fufFered them to lie there for ever ! 

It is He, the great " He, who fitteth upon the circle of the earth, 
and the inhabitants thereof are as grafshoppers, that ftretcheth out 
the heavens as a curtain, and fpreadeth them out as a tent to dwell 
in, that bringeth the princes to nothing, and maketh the judges of 
the earth as vanity."* And He, the only He, and there is no He 
befide Him.f Men or angels, they are not any of them a he to 
Him ! But a living, breathing, dying nothing is man at his beft, a 
fick clay-vanity -, and the angel, to Him, but a more excellent, liv- 
ing and underftanding nothing. Yet we live at a diftance from 
Him ; and we die and wither when we are out of God. Oh, if we 
knew how nothing we are without Him ! 

Sir, we defire to mind your bonds ; and are cheered and re- 
frefhed that we hear of any of His manifeftations, and His outgo- 
ings, which are prepared as the morning to you. We hope, nor 
need we defire you not to faint, and are confident that the anointing 
that abideth in you teacheth you fo much. Wait upon the fpeaking 
vifion : " Behold, He cometh ! behold, His reward is with Him, 
and His work before Him !"J 

The only wife God ftrengthen you with all might, according to 
His glorious power, unto all patience and long-fuffering with joy- 

Yours, at all obfervance, in the Lord Jefus, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, July 1653. 

Ifa. xl. 22, 23. 

t Ifa. xliii. 10, 11, 13-25. 

% Ifa. xl. 10. 



CCCXLIII. — -For the truly honourable Colonel Gilbert Ker.* 


UCH HONOURED,— I blefs the Lord for His good 
hand, who declares that His fovereign prefence is alike 
in England and all places, and fways hearts as pleafes 
Him. The book of holy providence is good marginal notes on His 
revealed will, in His word, and fpeaks much to us, could we read 
and underftand what He writes, both in the one and the other. You 
fee He is not wanting to you ; houfes and lands are His. The Lord 
led Abraham from his own country to a land he knew not. It 
would appear He hath not opened His mind to you for leaving of 
this land, though I be much afraid of a fick ifate, a fleeping miniftry, 
a covenant-breaking land, a number of dead profefTors ; all thefe are 
gray hairs here and there on Ephraim. Sure,f our ruin is fure if God 
let us alone ; we mall rot in our lies. But what am I to determine 
of conclufions of mercy revealed to none, and thoughts of peace in 
the heart of the Lord towards an undeferving land ? I fhould be 
glad to fee you, and fhall defire He may lead you in the matter of 
your refidence whom ye defire to be your Guide and Counfellor. 
For me, I am, as to my body, moil: weak and under daily fummons ; 
but I fit ftill and read not the fummons : as to my fpirit, much out 
of court, becaufe out of communion with the Lord, and far from 
what fometime hath been ; deadnefs, fecurity, unbelief, and diflance 
from God in the ufe of means, prevail more than ever.J I fhall 

* From a copy among the Wodrow MSS., vol. lix., folio, No. 5. There 
is probably an error as to the date of this letter. From an allufion in it to 
a vacancy in one of the profefibrihips of St Mary's or the New College of St 
Andrew's, explained in the following note, it appears to have been written in 
or fubfequent to the year 1657. 

t Undoubtedly. 

X Rutherford was now Principal of St Mary's or the New College of St 
Andrew's, a fituation to which he was elevated about the clofe of the year 
1647 ; and a vacancy having occurred in the ProfefTorfhip of Ecclefiaftical 


deiire your help for getting a third Profeflbr. I am in this College 
between wind and weather. Dr Colville* is for Mr James Sharp ;f 
I am for Mr William Rait, but know not the event. J My wife 
remembers her refpects to you. Grace be with you. 
Yours at all obedience in God, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, April 2, 1654. 
Remember my love in Chrifl to Mr Livingftone. 

CCCXLIV.— For Mr John Scot, at Oxnam. 

[Mr John Scot, minifter of Oxnam, zealoufly adhered to theProtefters; 
and Rutherford's letters to him have chiefly a reference to the proceedings of 
that party. After the reftoration of Charles II., Scot was imprifoned for fome 
time, but fuffered lefs than fome others of his brethren. On being fet at 
liberty, he was allowed to return to his parifh, and to refume the exercife of 
his miniftry. We find him continuing there down to 1664, when he was 
brought before the fhort-lived High Commiffion Court, erected in the be- 
ginning of that year, for having aflifted at Communions which were reckoned 
contrary to law. How he was dealt with, by that Court, is not now known. 
In 1669 he became indulged minifter of Oxnam. He mull have died previ- 
ous to 1684, as in that year the name of " Elizabeth Rae, relict of Mr John 
Scot, late minifter of Oxnam," occurs among a lift of names in the parifh of 
Kelfo, delated by the curate of that parifh to the Committee of Privy Council 

Hiftory, by the tranflation of Mr James Wood to be Principal of St Salvator's 
or the Old College of St Andrew's, in 1657, Rutherford was very defirous of 
feeing that fituation filled by a fuitable perfon. 

* Dr Alexander Colville, who had been Profeflbr of Divinity in the Pro- 
teftant Univerfity of Sedan, was inducted one of the matters in the New College 
of St Andrew's in 1642. He conformed to Prelacy in 1662; became Prin- 
cipal of that College upon Rutherford's death; and died in 1666. 

f Afterwards Archbifhop of St Andrew's. 

% Rutherford was ftrenuous in his exertions to fecure the appointment of 
Mr Rait, but without fuccefs. His colleague, Dr Colville, fucceeded in ob- 
taining the appointment of Sharp to the vacant office, into which he was in- 
ducted on the 2 2d of February 1661, about a month before Rutherford's 
death. Mr Rait afterwards became minifter of Dundee. 

390 LETTER CCCXLIV. [1655. 

which met at Jedburgh, with the view of proceeding againft thofe guilty of 
6i church diforders," that is, againfl thofe who deferted their own parifh 
church, and attended conventicles. (Warrants of Privy Council.)'] 



oweth more to the church of God with you, than poor 
and wretched I. But when weaknefs of body, and the 
Lord by it, did forbid me to undertake a letter journey to Edin- 
burgh, I am forbidden far more to journey thither. And believe 
it, nothing befides this doth hinder. I am unable to overtake what 
the Lord hath laid upon me here -, and, therefore, I defire to fubmit 
to fovereignty, and muft be filent. If my prayers and beft defires 
to the Lord could contribute anything for promoting of His work, 
my foul's defire is that the wildernefs, and that place to which I owe 
my firft breathing,* in which I fear Chrift was fcarce named, as 
touching any reality or power of godlinefs, may blofTom as a rofe. 

So defiring, and praying that His name may be great among you, 
and entreating that you may believe that the names of the Lord's 
adverfaries mall be written in the earth, and that " whofo will not 
come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerufalem, to worihip 
the King, the Lord of Hofts, even upon them fhall be no rain," 
and that the Lord " will create glory upon every aflembly in Mount 
Zion," I reft, your own brother in the Lord, 

S. R. 
St Andrew's, June 15, 1655. 

* This feems to refer to Nifbet, formerly a feparate parifh, but now 
annexed to Crailing, in the Preibytery of Jedburgh, and fhire of Roxburgh. 
It is within two miles of the parifh of Oxnam ; and fome thirty years ago, a 
houfe there ufed to be pointed out, by an old villager, as that in which, ac- 
cording to tradition, Rutherford was born. 

1656.] LETTER CCCXLV. 39: 

CCCXLV. — To my Lady Kenmure. 



! AD AM, — I have been fo long filent, that I am almoft 
afhamed now to speak. I hear of your weakly condi- 
tion of body, which fpeaketh fome warning to you to 
look for a longer life, where ye mail have more leifure to praife 
than time can give you here. It mail be lofs to many ; but fure 
yourfelf, Madam, mall be only* free of any lofs. And truly, con- 
sidering what days we are now fallen into, if failing were not Serv- 
ing of the Lord (which I can hardly attain to), a calm harbour 
were very good when florins are fo high. The Forerunner, who 
hath landed firft, muft help to bring the fea-beaten vefTel fafe to the 
port, and the fick paflengers who are following the Forerunner fafe 
afhore. Much deadnefs prevaileth over fome ; but there is much 
life in Him who is the Refurrec~tion and the Life to quicken. Oh, 
what of our hid life is without us, and how little and poor a flock 
is in the hand of fome ! The only wife God Supply what is want- 
ing. The more ye want, and the more your joy hath run on, the 
more is owing to you by the promife of grace. Bygones f of water- 
ings from heaven, which your Ladyfhip wanted in Kenmure, Rufco, 
the Weft, Glafgow, Edinburgh, England, &c, mail all come in a 
great fum together. The marriage fupper of the Lamb muft not 
be marred with too large four-hours' J refrefhment. Know, Madam, 
that He, who hath tutored you from the breafts, knoweth how to 
time His own day-minings and love-vifits. 
Grace, that runneth on, be with you. 

Yours, in the Lord, at all obfervance, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's. 

* Nothing but free. f Debts of the paft. 

t The afternoon's flight meal. 


COCXINI.—To Simeon Ashe. 

[Mr Ashe was a Puritan minifter in London during the time of the civil 
wars. He died in 166a.] 



EVEREND WORTHY SIR,— I would recommend to 
you the bearer, Mr James Simpfon,* a faithful preacher 
of the Gofpel. Be pleafed to hear him. I truft he 
fhall give you a true and faithful relation of our affairs. You may 
be pleafed to believe me, that men who have borrowed your ear to 
blacken the godly in the land, and who have now both deferted us 
and the Covenant, and joined feet with the Malignant party, and 
now have owned the prefent powers, and brought the intrants to 
the mininxy to give under their hand a fubfcription, an engagement 
(the writ calls it, a refolution to live peaceably and unoffenfively 
under the prefent Government), fo that no holy man can get any 
maintenance in the land but fuch as will finfully comply (and fuch 
as cannot, what an entry they have to that holy calling to embrace 
it!), thefe men feek more their own things, than the things of Jefus 
Chrift. And being backed by the whole multitude of the promis- 
cuous generality, throughout the land, who are for their way, as of 
old the prelatic conforming did, they do perfecute the godly, and in 
pulpits and prefbyteries declaim againn us as implacable and fepara- 

* Mr James Simpfon was minifter of Airth. He fubfcribed the protefta- 
tion which Rutherford gave in againft the lawfulnefs of the Affembly held at 
St Andrew's in July 1651 ; for which he was depofed from the miniftry by 
the adjourned meeting at Dundee. After the Reft oration, he was accufed in 
Parliament, by the King's advocate, of feditious practices, and banifhed by 
Parliament, without being heard. He removed to Holland, where he died. 
Simpfon at this time had been fent up to London by the Protefters, to repre- 
fent their caufe to Cromwell and the minifters of the city, in oppofition to 
Mr James Sharp, afterwards Archbifhop of St Andrew's, who had been fent 
up by the Refolutioners. 

1657.] LETTER CCCXLVII. 393 

tills. You may, Sir, by this, and what the bearer will make known 
to you, perceive what wrong the compliance of thefe men hath done 
to the caufe of God. But I fpare, and do beg the favour of your 
other care. The grace of God be with you. 

I am your loving brother in Chrift, 
1656. S. R. 

CCCXLVII. — To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — I confefs that I have caufe to be grieved at my 
long filence or lazinefs in writing. lam alfo afflicted 
to hear, that fuch who were debtors to your Ladyfhip 
for better dealing have ferved you with fuch prevarication. Ye 
know that crookednefs is neither ftrong, nor long enduring ; and ye 
know likewife, that thefe things fpring not out of the duiL It is 
fweet to look upon the lawlefs and finful ftirrings of the creature, 
as ordered by a molt holy hand in heaven. Oh, if fome could make 
peace with God ! It would be our wifdom, and afford us much 
fweet peace, if oppreffors were looked on as paflive inftruments, 
like the faw or axe in the carpenter's hand. They are bidden (if 
fuch a diitinclion may be admitted), but not commanded of God as 
Shimei was,* to do what they do. 

Madam, thefe many years the Lord hath been teaching you to 
read and fludy well the book of holy, holy, and fpotlefs fovereignty, 
in fuffering from fome nigh-hand, \ and fome far off. Whoever be 
the inftruments, the replying of clay to the Potter, the Former of 
all, is unbefeeming the nothing-creature. I hope that He will clear 
you : but, when Zion's public evils lie not nigh fome of us, and 
leave no impreffion upon our hearts, it is no wonder that we be 
exercifed with domeftic troubles. But I know that ye are taught 

* 1 Sam. xvi. 10. t Nigh at hand. 


of God to prefer Jerufalem to your chiefeft joy. Madam, there is no 
caufe of fainting : wait upon the not-tarrying vifion, for it will fpeak. 
The only wife God be with you, and God, even your own God, 
blefs you. 

Yours, at all obfervance, in God, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, June 1657. 

CCCXLVIIL— To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — I mould not forget you ; but my deadnefs 
under a threatening ftroke, both of a falling Church 
(a broken covenant, a defpifed remnant) and a crazinefs 
of body, that I cannot get a piece fickly clay carried about from 
one houfe or town to another, lieth moft heavy on me. The Lord 
hath removed Scotland's crown, for we owned not His crown. 
We fretted at His catholic government of the world, and fretted 
that He would not be ruled and led by us, in breaking our adver- 
faries : and He maketh us to fufFer and pine away in our iniquities, 
under the broken government of His houfe. It is like,* that it would 
be our fnare, to be tried with the honour of a peaceable Reforma- 
tion : we might mar the carved work of His houfe, worfe than thofe 
againft. whom we cry out. It is like, that He hath bidden us lie on 
our left fide three hundred and ninety days ; and yet fo aftonifhing 
is our ftupidity, that we moan not our fore fide. Our gold is be- 
come dim, the vifage of our Nazarites is become black, the fun is 
gone down on our feers ; the crown is fallen from our heads ; we 
roar like bears. Lord fave us from that, " He that made them 
will not have mercy on them."f The heart of the fcribe meditateth 
terror. Oh, Madam, if the Lord would help us to more felf- 

* Probable, likely. t I fa. xxvii. 11. 


judging, and to make fure an intereft in Chrift ! Ah, we forget 
eternity, and it approaches quickly. Grace be with you. 
Your Ladyfhip's, at all obedience in the Lord, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, Nov. 20, 1657. 

CCCXLIX.— For Mr John Scot, at Oxnam. 

C. K. a teftimony of your Prefbytery againft toleration, 
in which ye have been inftrumental. The Lord give 
ftrength to do more. I think it both rare and neceflary, and would 
account it a great mercy, if there were an addition of a poflfcript 
from divers minifters and elders, out of all the mires of Scotland. 
It is really the mind of all the godly and tender in this land. It is 
believed by fome, that the ProtefHng party hath quite given over the 
caufe. I hope it is not fo ; but the Lord mall be yet victorious in 
His moll: defpifed ones. Our darknefs is great and thick, and there 
is much deadnefs •, yet the Lord will be our light. 

Thus recommending you to His grace whofe ye are, I am, your 
own brother, in the Lord, 

S. R. 
St Andrew's, April 2, 1658. 

CCCL. — For Mr John Scot, at Oxnam. 

EAR BROTHER,— Faint not ; but be ftrong in the 
Lord, and in the power of His might. I look on it as 
a rich mercy that the Lord is with you, ftrengthening 
you to quicken fainters, to warm and warn any that are cold or 

396 LETTER CCCLL [1658. 

dead, or who deaden others. Believe that it will be your peace in the 
end. The times are fad ; yet I perfuade myfelf that the vifion will 
not tarry, but will fpeak. The Lord will loofe our captive bonds. 
Oh, blefled he, though alone, who is found fait and conilant for 
the defirable intereil of Chrift. 

My humble advice would be, that you fee to the placing* of the 
deacon and the ruling elder, or to anything that may weaken the 
Difcipline. Our Second Book of Difcipline fhould be heeded : 
Seflions purged. Oh ! catechifing and perfonal vifiting, and fpeak- 
ing to them Jigi/Iatimf concerning their interefl in Chrift and a ftate 
of converfion, is little in practice. The practice of family fails is 
fcarce known to be an ordinance of God. It were good that ye 
mould confer with godly brethren in private, concerning the pro- 
moting of godlinefs, concerning Chriflian conference, and praying 
together, worihipping of God in families, and folitary fails. 

To His grace who can direc"l, quicken, and ilrengthen you, I 

commend you, and am your loving brother, 

S. R. 
St Andrew's. 

CCCLI. — To Mr James Durham, Minijlerofthe Go/pel at Glafgoiv, 
fomefew days before his Death, 

[Mr James Durham was ordained minifter of Blackfriars Church, 
Glafgow, in November 1647. 1° September 1651 he was tranflated to the 
Inner High Church, Glafgow. He was a man at once diftinguifhed for ardent 
piety and great talents. Robert Baillie counted him " one of the moft gra- 
cious, wife, and able preachers in this ifle." "He is the minifter of my 
family," the fame writer fays, "and almoft the only minifter in this place 
[Glafgow] of whom my foul gets good, and whom I refpeft in fome things 
above all men I know." Durham was cut off in the prime of life. He died 
at Glafgow on the 25th of June 1658, — ten days after this letter was written 

* This feems to mean, the place afngned to the refpettive offices of elder 
and deacon. 

f One bv one. 

1658.] LETTER CCCLII. 397 

to him, — in the 36th year of his age, much regretted by all. (See Let. 91.) 
He wrote on the " Book of Revelation," " Chrift Crucified," and fome other 
excellent pieces.] 


j]IR, — I would ere now have written to you, had I not 
known that your health, weaker and weaker, could 
fcarce permit you to hear or read. I need not fpeak 
much. The Way ye know, and have preached to others the flail of 
the Guide, and the glory of the home beyond death. And when 
He faith, " Come and fee," it will be your gain to obey, and go out 
and meet the Bridegroom. What acceiiion is made to the higher 
houfe of His kingdom mould not be our lofs, though it be real lofs 
to the Church of God. But we count one way, and the Lord 
counteth another way. He is infallible, and the only wife God, 
and needeth none of us. Had He needed the fraying in the body 
of Mofes and the prophets, He could have taken another way. 
Who dare bid you caft your thoughts back on wife or children, 
when He faid, " Leave them to Me, and come up hither ?" Or 
who can perfuade you to die or live, as if that were arbitrary to us, 
and not His alone who hath determined the number of your months ? 
If fo it feem good to Him, follow your Forerunner and Guide. It 
is an unknown land to you, who were never there before ; but the 
land is good, and the company before the throne defirable, and He 
who fitteth on the throne is His lone* a fufflcient heaven. 
Grace, grace be with you. 

Yours in the Lord, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, June 15, 1658. 

* Himfelf alone, without any other. 



CCCLII. — For Mr John Scot, at Oxnam. 

that came unto me, of Auguft 2nd, to be at Edinburgh 
upon Auguft 2nd, was unknown to me by the fub- 
fcription. But fince it was written for fo honorable and warrant- 
able a truth of Chrilt, as a teftimony againft Toleration, if my 
health would have permitted, and my daily menacing gravel, I 
mould have come to Edinburgh. What either counfel, countenance, 
or clearing, ye could have had from the like of me, I cannot fay ; 
nor dare I fpeak much, but with a referve of the help of His grace. 
I defire to defire, and purpofe by ftrength from above, to own that 
caufe, and to join with you and fome in this Church, befides your 
Preibytery, who will own that caufe. Be ftrong in the Lord, and 
in the power of His might. This cloud will over,* could we live 
by faith, and wait on a fpeaking, and a feemingly delaying vifion.f 
The Lord will not tarry. 

Grace be with you. Many are with you, but there is One who 
is above millions. 

Your own brother, 

St Andrew's, Augujl 8, 1658. &. R. 

CCCLIII.— To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — I am afhamed of my long fdence to your Lady- 
fhip. Your toffings and wanderings are known to Him 
upon whom ye have been call: from the breafts, and 

* Pafs over. f Heb. ii. 3. 

1658.] LETTER CCCLIII. 399 

who hath been your God of old. The temporal lofs of creatures, 
dear to you there,* may be the more eafily endured, that the gain of 
One " who only hath immortality" groweth. 

There is an univerfal complaint of deadnefs of fpirit on all that 
know God. He that writeth to you, Madam, is as deep in this as 
any, and is afraid of a ftrong and hot battle, before time be at a 
clofe. But no matter, if the Lord crown all with the victorious 
triumphing of faith. God teacheth us by terrible things in righteous- 
nefs. "We fee many things, but we obferve nothing. Our drink is 
four. Grey hairs are here and there on us. We change many 
lords and rulers ; but the fame bondage of foul and body remaineth. 
We live little by faith, but much by fenfe, according to the times, 
and by human policy. The watchmen fleep, and the people perifh 
for lack of knowledge. How can we be enlightened when we 
turn our back on the fun ? and muft we not be withered when we 
leave the fountain ? It mould be my only defire to be a minifter, 
gifted with the white flone, and the new name written on it. I 
judge it were fit (now when tall profeflbrs and when many ftars 
fall from heaven, and God poureth the ifle of Great Britain from 
vefTel to veflel, and yet we fit, and are fettled on our lees) to con- 
fider (as fometimes I do, but ah ! rarely), how irrecoverable a wo 
it is to be under a beguile \ in the matter of eternity. And what if 
I, who can have a fubfcribed teftimonial \ of many who ihall ftand 
at the right hand of the Judge, mail mifs Chrift's approving tefti- 
mony, and be fet upon the left hand among the goats ? § There is 
fuch a beguile ;\ and it befalleth many ; and what if it befall me, 
who have but too much art to cozen my own foul and others, with 
the flourifh of minifterial, or country, || holinefs ! 

Dear lady, I am afraid of prevailing fecurity. We watch little 
(I have relation mainly to myfelf), we wreftle little. I am like one 

* The lofs of dear friends, who are now in yonder world, may be borne 
more eafily when we confider that they are a gain to their God. 

f Delufion. % Certificate in my behalf. 

§ Matt. vii. 22, xxv. 8-12 and 33 ; Luke xiii. 25-27. 
|| Common, in contraft to fomething fine. 

4©o LETTER CCCLIV. [1659. 

travelling in the night, who feeth a fpirit, and fweateth for fear, and 
careth not to tell it tohis fellow, for fear of increafing his own fear. 
However, I am fure, when the Mailer is nigh His coming, it were 
fafe to write over a double,* and a new copy, of our accounts of the 
fins of nature, childhood, youth, riper years, and old age. What 
if Chriir. have another written reprefentation of me than I have of 
myfelf ? Sure He is right ; and if it contradict my miitaken arid fin- 
fully erroneous account of myfelf, ah ! where am I then ? But, 
Madam, I difcourage none. I know that Chriir. hath made a new 
marriage-contract of love, and fealed it with His blood, and the 
trembling believer fhall not be confounded. 
Grace be with you. 

Yours, at all obedience, in Chriir, 

S. R. 
St Andrew's, May a6, 1658. 

CCCLIV. — To my Lady Kenmure. 


ADAM, — I ihould be glad that the Lord would be pleafed 
to lengthen out more time to you, that ye might, before 
your eyes be ihut, fee more of the work of the right 
hand of the Lord, in reviving a now fwooning and cruihed land and 
Church. Though I was lately knocking at death's gate, yet could 
I not get in, but was fent back for a time.f It is well if I could yet 
do any fervice to Him ; but, ah ! what deadnefs lieth upon the fpirit ! 
And deadnefs breedeth diirance from God. Madam, thefe many 
years the Lord hath let you fee a clear difference betwixt thofe who 
ferve God and love His name, and thofe who ferve Him not. And 

* A duplicate. 

f Reading the Letters chronologically, we are now within two years of his 
death, but Lady Kenmure furvived many years. 

1659.] LETTER CCCLIV. 401 

I judge that ye look upon the way of Chrift as the only beft way, 
and that ye would not exchange Chrift for the world's god, or their 
mammon, and that ye can give Chrift a teftimony of " Chief among 
ten thoufand." True it is that many of us have fallen from our 
firft love ; but Chrift hath renewed His firft love of our efpoufals to 
Himfelf, and multiplied the feekers of God all the country over, 
even where Chrift was fcarce named, eaft and weft, fouth and north, 
above the number that our fathers ever knew.* But, ah! Madam, 
what fhall be done or faid of many fallen ftars, and many near to 
God complying wofully, and failing to the neareft fhore ? Yea, 
and we are confumed in the furnace, but not melted ; burned, but 
not purged. Our drofs is not removed, but our fcum remaineth in 
us ; and in the furnace we fret, we faint, and (which is more 
ftrange) we (lumber. The fire burneth round about us, and 
we lay it not to heart. Grey hairs are upon us, and we know 
it not. 

It were now a defirable life to fend away our love to heaven. 
And well it becometh us to wait for our appointed change, yet fo 
as we fhould be meditating thus: " Is there a new world above the 
fun and moon ? And is there fuch a bleiTed company harping and 
finging hallelujahs to the Lamb up above ? Why, then, are we 
taken with a vain life of fighing and finning ? Oh, where is our 
wifdom, that we fit ftill, laughing, eating, ileeping prifoners, and do 
not pack up all our beft things for the journey, defiring always to 
be clothed with our houfe from above, not made with hands ! " Ah ! 
we favour not the things that are above, nor do we fmell of glory 
ere we come thither 5 but we tranfadt and agree with time, for a 
new leafe of clay manfions. Behold, He cometh ! We deep, and 
turn all the work of duties into difpute of events for deliverance. 
But the greateft hafte,f to be humbled for a broken and buried 
covenant, is firft and laft forgotten -, and all our grief is, the Lord 

* How interefting is this notice of Revival, prefacing and preparing for the 
days of fore trial that foon burft over Scotland ! 
f What we ought to lofe no time about. 
VOL. II. c c 

402 LETTER CCCLV. [1659. 

lingereth, enemies triumph, godly ones fuffer, atheifts blafpheme. 
Ah ! we pray not ; but wonder that Chrift cometh not the higher 
way, by might, by power, by garments rolled in blood. What if 
He come the lower way ? Sure we fin, in putting the book in His 
hand, as if we could teach the Almighty knowledge. We make 
hafte ; we believe not. Let the only wife God alone ; He fleereth 
well. He draweth ftraight lines, though we think and fay they are 
crooked. It is right that fome fhould die and their breafts full of 
milk ; and yet we are angry that God dealeth fo with them. Oh, 
if I could adore Him in His hidden ways, when there is darknefs 
under His feet and darknefs in His pavilion, and clouds are about 
His throne ! Madam, hoping, believing, patient praying, is our life. 
He lofeth no time. 

The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 

Yours at all obliged obfervance in Chrift, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, Sept. 12, 1659. 

CCCLV. — To the Presbytery of Kirkcudbright, anent Union, 
with a defire to have Mr William Rait Profejfor at St Andrew's* 


EVEREND, — The defire of your w[ifdoms] for union 
to me, who am below fuch a public mercy, and of fo 
high concernment to the Church of Scotland, ought to 

* From the original among the Wodrow MSS., vol. xxix., 4to, No. 88. 
The letter is addrefTed on the back, " For the very Reverend and honoured of 
the Lord, the Moderator and Remanent Brethren of the Prefbytery of Kirk- 
cudbright." That Prefbytery particularly diftinguifhed itfelf by its earneft 
endeavours to reftore harmony between the Refolutioners and Protefters ; to 
which they were ftirred up chiefly by Mr Thomas Wylie. But their laudable 
efforts, though partially fuccefsful in allaying animofity, failed to heal the 
breach. On this fubjed:, Mr George Hutchifon, in a letter to Mr Thomas 

1659.] LETTER CCCLV. 403 

be moft acceptable. The name of peace is iavoury, both good and 
pleafant. I so dole with your godly and religious aim therein, as 
judging the Lord hath from heaven fuggefted to you, and infpired 
your fpirits with, a fervent thirft and intention to promote the Gos- 
pel, that though I mould judge myfelf (as in truth I am) lower than 
to fuit* from either Prelbytery or Synod any favour, yet I mail, in all 
humility, befeech your w[ifdoms] to profecute with the power which 
Chrifl hath given you the work of union ; and fo much the more that 
I mull fhortly put off this my tabernacle. I offer to your wpfdoms*] 
ierious confideration, the evident neceffity of union with God, and of 
a ferious and found humiliation, and lying in the duft before the Lord 
for a broken covenant, declining from our former love, owning of fuch 
as we fometime judged to be malignant enemies and oppofers of the 
work of reformation and of the fworn covenant of God, defpifing of 
the offered falvation of the Gofpel, and coldnefs and indifferency in 
purging the houfe of God, and other caufes of the fad judgments which 
we now are under. And my laff. and humble fuit to your wpfdoms] 
is, that ye would be pleafed to take in with this union the planting of 
the New College f with a third mailer. It is a matter that concerns 
the whole Church of Scotland and feminary of the miniftry thereof, 
and cannot be done but by a General Affembly. If, therefore, 
you have, dear brethren, judged me faithful of the Lord, and re- 
gard the work of the Lord, and the promoting of the kingdom of 
Chrifl: (as I nothing doubt but it is the defire of your fouls), give 
commillion to the brethren fent to treat for union, at the meeting 
in Edinburgh or elfewhere, to join their authority and power, fuch 

Wylie, dated March 12, 1660, fays, "That little eflay towards union hath 
been followed with the blefling of much lefs animofity than was wont to be 
before, in actings and walkings one with another ; though, as yet, it is to be 
regretted that little can be got done for healing particular ruptures of parifhes 
and prefbyteries, even upon feeming equal overtures ; and, it fears me, fome 
elfewhere are more ftiff than needful in fuch an exigent. But I apprehend that 
either our trials or God's appealing, among others, may prefs the neceffity of 
union more upon us." — Wodronus MSS., vol. xxix. 

* Solicit. t At St Andrew's. 

404 LETTER CCCLVL [1660. 

as now may be had, to call, invite, and obteft fome godly and able 
man, to embrace the charge of ProfefTor in the College of Divinity in 
St Andrew's. And becaufe Mr William Rait, minifter at Brechin, 
is a man for learning, godlinefs, prudence, and eminent authority in 
the Church of Scotland, fought for to the miniftry by the town of 
Edinburgh, and alfo by Aberdeen, to preach the Gofpel and to pro- 
fefs in the College, and hath the approbation of the prefent matters 
of the New College, the godly minifters of the Synod of Fife, of 
the Prelbytery of St Andrew's, minifters of the city of St Andrew's, 
it is my foul's defire, and the heart-cry of ftudents in the College, 
and of the godly in the city, that Mr William Rait may be the man j 
and that your commiflioners may be moved to deal with the com- 
mifiioners of the Synod of Fife and Angus for that effecT: ; fo (hall 
you be initru mental to repair our breaches, and build His houle. 
So praying that your labours may not be in vain in the Lord, I reft 
(the Lord Jefus be with your fpirit !) your unworthy brother and 
fellow-labourer in the Lord, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, the 2^ October 1659. 

CCCLVL — To Mr John Murray, Minifter at Methven* 

[Mr John Murray was one of the Protefters ; and was committed 
prifoner to the Caftle of Edinburgh for meeting with a few of his brethren to 
draw up a congratulatory addrefs to Charles II. upon his reftoration, exprefs- 
ing their loyalty, and reminding him of the obligation of the Covenant. He 
was fummoned to appear before the Parliament on the charge of high treafon, 
but at length was liberated. About 1672 he was apprehended and imprifoned 
in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, for alleged houfe-eonventicles. When fet at 
liberty, he was confined to the parifh of Queen sferry, and ordained to wait 
upon ordinances and abftain from keeping conventicles, and to attend the 
parifh church. — Wodrows HiJIory, vol. ii.] 

* From the original among the Wodrow MSS., vol. xxvii., fol., No. 42. 

i66o.] LETTER CCCLVI. 405 


gladly know the iflue of your Synod. We did pro- 
fefs we could not be concluded by the Synod of Fife's 
[overtures] of union, but upon condition of the taking off the cen- 
fures of our brethren, which we think injurioufly are inflicted. 
Much is promifed to us for the remedying of thefe cenfures. I 
fhall believe when I fee their performances. I hope you will fee 
that the brethren get no wrong, or the houfe of God in their per- 
fons ; and fend me a line of the conclufion of the Synod in that 
bufinefs. The paper of union is very general, and comes to no par- 
ticulars : it only tells the good of union, and contains fome obtefta- 
tions to us that infinuate the unfavourinefs of irregular courfes ; yet 
we thought it not fafe to yield to any union of that kind, fo long as 
our brethren are under the cenfures.* I much doubt of their 
honeft meaning, and that barriers in the way of entrant minifters 

* Murray, and the other Protefters in the Synod of Perth, acled upon a 
fimilar principle. As an inftance of this, we may adduce the following ex- 
tracts from a paper entitled, "The defires of the brethren of the Protefting 
judgment in the Synod of Perth under-fubfcribing, unto the Moderator and 
remanent members of the Synod." They defire, " ift, That the Synod will 
declare and enact, that none of the Acts made by the two controverted 
Afiemblies at St Andrew's, Dundee, and at Edinburgh, in the years 1651 and 
1652, appointing cenfure upon fuch as will not acknowledge the conftitution 
of thefe AfTemblies, and will not fubmit unto the A els thereof, fhall hereafter 

be of force within the bounds of this Synod 3. That the Synod 

will declare and enact, that notwithstanding of the fuppofed cenfures inflicted 
upon Mr James Guthrie, minifter at Stirling, and Mr James Simpfon, minifter 
at Airth, by the pretended AfTembly at St Andrew's and Pundee, and of the 
approbation or intimation thereof by the Synod, that the faid Mr James 
Guthrie and Mr James Simpfon are lawful ftanding minifters of the Gofpel 
in the refpeclive charges of Stirling and Airth, and capable to fit and vote in 
the Synod and in their own Prefbytery, and of every other minifterial privilege, 
and employment." — Wodronv MSS. y vol. xxvii. 

406 LETTER CCCLVIL [1660. 

and elders be revived. And I fee no engagement, lb much as verbal, 

for purging ; but the contrary practice is here. Mr Robert Ander- 

fon* is as much oppofed as if he were the moft corrupt fectary or 


My wife remembers her to you. Remember me to your own 

bed-fellow. Grace be with you. 

Your own brother, 

S. R. 
St Andrew's, Jan. 25, 1660. 

CCCLVII. — To his Reverend and dear Brethren, Mr Guthrie, Mr 
Traill, and the rejl of their brethren imprifoned in the Cajlle of 

[The circumftances of the cafe to which this letter refers are thefe: — On 
the 23d of Auguft 1660, the following minifters, Mr James Guthrie of Stirling, 
Mr John Stirling and Mr Robert Traill of Edinburgh, Mr Alexander Mon- 
criefF of Scoonie, Mr John Semple of Carsfairn, Mr Thomas Ramfay of Mor- 
dington, Mr John Scot of Oxnam, Mr Gilbert Hall of Kirklifton, Mr John 
Murray of Methven, Mr George Nairn of Burntifland, with two gentlemen, 
ruling elders, met in a private houfe in Edinburgh, to draw up an humble 
addrefs to Charles II., congratulating his return, and expreffing their entire 
and unfeigned loyalty, but at the fame time reminding him of the obligation 
of the Covenant which he and the nation had fworn. Whilft thus employed, 
their papers were fecured, by the order of the Committee of Eftates ; and 
they themielves were arrefted, and committed clofe prilbners to the Caftle of 


Reverend, now very dear, and much 
honoured prisoners for christ. 

I am, as to the point of light, at the utmoft of per- 
fuafion in that kind that it is the caufe of Chrht which ye now 

* A minifter who is mentioned again in Let. 365. 

i66o.j LETTER CCCLV1L 407 

fufFer for, and not men's intereft. If it be for men, let us leave it ; 
but if we plead for God, our own perfonal fafety and man's deliver- 
ance will not be peace. 

There is a falvation called " the falvation of God," which is 
cleanly, pure, fpiritual, unmixed, near to the holy word of God. 
It is that which we would feek, even the favour of God that He 
beareth to His people ; not fimple gladnefs, but the gladnefs and 
goodnefs of the Lord's chofen. And fure, though I be the weakeft 
of His witnefTes, and unworthy to be among the meaneft of them, 
and am afraid that the Caufe be hurt (but it cannot be loft) by my 
unbelieving faintnefs, I would not defire a deliverance feparated 
from the deliverance of the Lord's caufe and people. It is enough 
to me to ilng when Zion fingeth, and to triumph when Chrift 
triumpheth. I mould judge it an unhappy joy to rejoice when 
Zion figheth. " Not one hoof" will be your peace.* 

If Chrift doth own me, let me be in the grave in a bloody 
winding-fheet, and go from the fcaffold in four quarters, to grave 
or no grave. I am His debtor, to feal with fufferings this precious 
truth ; but, oh ! when it cometh to the pufti, I dare fay nothing, 
confidering my weaknefs, wickednefs, and faintnefs. But fear not 
ye. Ye are not, ye fhall not be, alone : the Father is with you. 
It was not an unfeafonable, but a feafonable and a necefTary duty 
ye were about. Fear Him who is Sovereign. Chrift is captain of 
the caftle and Lord of the keys. The cooling well-fpring, and re- 
freihment from the promifes, are more than the frownings of the 
furnace. I fee fnares and temptations in capitulating, compofing,f 
ceding, minchingj with diftinctions of circumftances, formalities, 
compliments, and extenuations, in the caufe of Chrift. " A long 
fpoon : the broth is hell-hot." § Hold a diftance from carnal com- 
pofitions, and much nearnefs to the fountain, to the favour and re- 
frefhing light from the Father of lights fpeaking in His oracles. 
This is found health and falvation. Angels, men, Zion's elders, eye 

* Alluding to Exod. x. 26. f Compromising ? J Mincing. 

£ A proverb ; " They need a long fpoon who fup with the devil."' 




us ; but what of all thefe ? Chrift is by us, and looketh on us, 
and writeth up all. Let us pray more, and look lefs to men. 

Remember me to Mr Scott, and to all the reft. BlefTings be 
upon the head of fuch as are feparated from their brethren. Jofeph 
is a fruitful bough by a well. 

Grace be with you. 

Your loving brother and companion in the kingdom and patience 
of Jefus Chrift , 

S. R. 
St Andrew's, 1660. 

CCCLVIIL — To several Brethren. Reafons for petitioning his 
Majefly after his return, and for owning fuch as ivere cenfured* 
ivhi/e about fo necefary a duty. 

of difficulty to me to write at this diftance, not having 
heard your debates. It feemeth that the Lord calleth 
us to give information to the King's Majefty of affairs. The Lord's 
admirable providence, in bringing him to his throne, and laying afide 
others who were fworn enemies to the caufe and covenant of God, 
lb that now the Government is in a right line, is to be adored. And 
I judge (without prefcribing) that fome mould be fent to his Majefty 
to congratulate that providence ; and that reafon of our being fo 
(low in rendering mould be rendered. 

1. We mould write, not in the name of the Kirk of Scotland, 
but in the name of a molt confiderable number of godly minifters, 
elders, and profeffors, who both pray for the King, are obedient to 
his laws, and are under the oath of God for the fworn Reformation. 

2. It is better now, than after fentences and trouble, to have 
recourfe to him who is by place parens patri#.\ 

* That is, the minifters mentioned in the note prefixed to the preceding 
letter, who were arrefted and imprifoned by the Committee of Eftates. 
t Father of his country. 

i66o.] LETTER CCCLVIII. 409 

3. We fhould fupplicate in all humility for protection and coun- 
tenance ; far more for lawful liberty to fear the bond of the oath of 
the dreadful and moft high Lord ; avouching to his Majefty, that 
the Lord, His holy name being interpofed, will own that Covenant, 
and blefs his Majefty with a happy and fuccefsful reign, in the own- 
ing thereof, and killing of the Son of God. And when the Lord 
ihall be pleafed to grant that to us which concerneth religion, the 
beauty of His houfe, the propagating of the Gofpel, the government 
of the Lord's kingdom, without Popery, Prelacy, unwritten traditions 
and ceremonies, let his Majefty try our loyalty with what commands 
he will be pleafed to lay on us, and fee if we be found rebellious. 

4. We mould difclaim fuch as have finfully complied with the 
late ufurpers ; produce our written teftimonies againft them ; our 
not accepting of offices and places of truft from them ; our tefti- 
monies againft their ufurpation, covenant-breaking, toleration of all 
religions, corrupt fectarian ways, for which the Lord hath broken 

5. We are reprefented to his Majefty as such as would not con- 
tent that the Remonftrance of the weftern forces* mould be con- 
demned by the Commiiiion of the General AfTembly ; whereas, I. 
We did humbly defire that the judicature mould not condemn nor 
cenfure that Remonftrance, till the gentlemen were heard, and 
their reafons difcufTed. 2. Whatever demur was as to the banding 
or combining part of it, we were and are obliged to believe that 
they had no fectarian defign therein, nor levelling intention. 3. 
They are gentlemen moft loyal, and never were enemies to his 
Majefty's royal power ; but only defired that fecurity might be had 
for religion and the people of God, and perfons difafFecled to reli- 
gion and the fworn Covenant abandoned ; otherwife they were, and 
ftill are, willing to hazard lives and eftates for the juft greatnefs and 
fafety of his Majefty in the maintenance of the true religion, Cove- 
nant, and c?ufe of God. The only difficulty will be, where to have 
fit men to fend. But as it will be both fin and fhame for us to 

* See notice of Colonel Gilbert Ker, p. 351. 

4io LETTER CCCLIX. [1660. 

defert our undefervedly now cenfured brethren, fo it will be our fin 
and reproach finfully to comply with fuch things and courfes as we 
teltified againft, and confeflTed to God. 

I can fay no more at prefent but that I am your loving brother, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, 1660. 

CCCLIX.— To a Brother Minister. 

Judgment of a draught or minute of a Petition, to have been prefented to the 
Committee of Eftates, by thofe Minifters who were then prifoners in the 
Caftle of Edinburgh for that other well-known Petition to his Majefty, 
about which they were when feized upon and made prifoners.* 

[" But that no man may miftake or judge amifs of perfons fo fixed in the 
caufe and faithful in their generations, know that this draught was not fent to 
Mr Rutherford as a paper concluded and condefcended upon among thefe 
brethren, whofe love to truth made them in all things fo tender that they were 
ever fond to abftain from all appearance of evil ; but it was more like the fug- 
geftion of fome other men (wherein was laid before them what kind of addrefs 
would mod probably pleafe, waving the juft meafures of what was limply duty 
in their circumftances), than anything flowing from themfelves, as the product 
of a mature deliberation. And, fecondly, know (which confirmeth what was 
laid), that whatever it was, or whoever gave the rife to it, yet it was never 
made ufe of, nor presented to the Committee of Eftates, by any of thefe faith- 
ful men, whofe praife, for their fidelity, fixednefs, real and untainted integrity, 
is in the churches of Chrift." — Note by Mr Robert M'fVard, the original 
editor of Rutherford's Letters^ 

EAR BROTHER,— I am, as ye know, ftraitened as 
another furfering man, but dare not petition this Com- 
mittee : — 

I. Becaufe it draweth us to capitulate with fuch as have the 
advantage of the mount, the Lord fo difpofing for the prelent : and, 
to bring the matters of Chrift to yea and no (ye being prifoners 
and they the powers) is a hazard. 

* See note prefixed to Let. 357, p. 406. 

i66o.] LETTER CCCLIX. 411 

2. A fpeaking to them in write,* and pafling in filence the 
fworn Covenant and the caufe of God (which is the very p relent 
controverfy), is contrary to the practice of Chrift and the Apoftles, 
who, being accufed or not accufed, avouched Chrift to be the Son 
of God and the Meffias, and that the dead mull: rife again, even 
when the adverfary misftated the queftion. Yea, filence on the 
caufe of God, which adverfaries perfecute, feemeth a tacit deferring 
of the caufe, when the It ate of the queftion is known to beholders : 
and I know that the brethren intend not to leave the caufe. 

3. I know of no offence that you have given (I will not fay 
what offence may be taken), either as to the matter or manner of 
your petition. For, if what you have done be a neceffary duty laid 
afide by others, a duty can never give an offence to Chrift, and fo 
none to men ; but Chriftians will look upon a pious, harmlefs, and 
innocent petition to the Prince, in the matters of the Lord's honour 
and the good of His Church (though proffered by one or two, 
when they are filent whofe it is to fpeak and act), as a feafonable 

4. The draught of that petition, which you fent me, fpeaketh 
not one word of the Covenant of God, for the adhering to which 
you now fuffer, and which is the object of men's hatred, and the 
deftruction whereof is the great work of the times. And your 
filence in this nickf of time appeareth to be a non-confeflion of 
Chrift before men ; and you want nothing to beget an uncleanly 
deliverance but the profeflion of filence. 

5. There is a promife and real purpofe, as the petition faith, to 
live peaceably under the King's authority. But, I. Ye do not 
anfwer candidly and ingenuoufly the mind of the rulers, who, to 
your knowledge, mean a far other thing by authority than ye do. 
For ye mean, his jujl authority, his authority in the Lord, and his 
juft greatnefs, in the maintenance of true religion, as in the Cove- 
nant, Confeffion of Faith, and Catechifms, is expreffed from the 
Word of God : they mean his fupreme authority, and abfolute pre- 

Writing. f Point, jun&ure. 

412 LETTER CCCLIX. [1660. 

rogative above laws, as their acts make clear, and as their practice 
is. For they refufed, to fuch as were unwilling to fubfcribe their 
bond, to add " authority in the Lord," or, " juft and lawful autho- 
rity," or " authority as it is exprefled in the Covenant." But this 
draught of a petition, under your own hand, yieldeth the fenfe and 
meaning to them which they crave. 2. That authority for which 
they contend is exclufive of the fworn Covenant ; fo that, except ye 
had faid, " We mall be fubject to the King's authority in the Lord, 
or according to the fworn Covenant," ye fay nothing to the point in 
hand ; and that, fure, # is not your meaning. 3. Whoever promifed 
fo much peaceable living under his Majefty's authority, leaving out 
the expofition of the fifth commandment, as your petition doth, 
may upon the very fame ground fubfcribe the bond refufed by the 
godly ; and fo you pafs from the Covenant, and make all thole 
by-pall: actings of this Kirk and State, thefe years by-paft, to 
be horrid rebellion And how deep that guiltinefs draweth, con- 

6. A condemning of the Remonftrance, fimply and without any 
limitation and diftinction, is a condemning of many precious ones in 
the land, and a palling from the caufes of God's wrath, which is 
the chief matter of the Remonftrance. 

7. That nothing is before your eyes but the exoneration of your 
confcience, is indeed believed by the godly who know you ; but a 
palling in filence of the honeft materials in your former petition to 
his Majefty feemeth to be a deferring thereof, fince, in all your 
petition, ye do not once fay ye cannot but adhere to that pious 
petition, as your necelfary duty. And, that ye intend in the peti- 
tion the happinefs of his Majefty, is alfo believed. 

Dear brother, fhow to our brethren, that the Lord Chrift, in 
your perfons, hath a ftatedf queftion betwixt Him and the powers 
on earth. The only wile God lead you now, when He hath 
brought you forth in public, fo to act as if ye did lee Jefus Chrift 
byj you, and beholding you. It is eafy for fuch as are on the 

* Certainly. \ A matter of difpute fet down. % Befide you. 

66o.] LETTER CCCLX. 413 

fhore to throw a counfel to thofe that are tolled in the lea ; but, 
only by living by faith, and by fetching ftrength and comfort from 
Chrift, can you be victorious, and have right to the precious pro- 
mifes " of the tree of life," " of the hidden manna," of the gifted 
" morning ftar," and the like, made to thofe who overcome : to 
whole ftrength and grace, brethren who defire with me to remem- 
ber you do recommend you. I am, dear brother, 

Yours, in the Lord, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, 1660. 

CCCLX. — For the Right Honourable, my Lady Viscountess of 
Kenmure. [0?i the imprifonment of the Marquis of Argyle.~\ 


ADAM, — It is not my part to be unmindful of you. Be 
not afflicted for your brother, the Marquis of Argyle.* 
As to the main, in my weak apprehenfion, the feed of 
God being in him, and love to the people of God and His caufe, 
it will be well. The making of particular reckoning with the Lord, 
and of peace with God, and owning of His caufe when too many 
difown it, will make his peace with the King the furer.f The Lord 
is beginning to reckon with fuch as did forfake His caufe and cove- 

* A fortnight before this was written, viz., on 8th July 1660, the King 
had committed the Marquis to the Tower, on an unfounded charge of trea- 
fon. Rutherford did not live to fee the iflue. 

f u His heavenly King, whom he has faithfully owned, as well as in 
private confcientioufly ferved, will on that account all the more ftand by him, 
in the queftion of his earthly King being reconciled to him." The hopes of 
his friends, however, were not realized; for next year (on 27th May 1661), 
he was beheaded at Edinburgh. 




nant ; and until we return to Him, our peace mall not be like a 
river and as the waves of the fea. However, the opening of the 
bofom to take in all the Malignants can produce no better fruits. 
The Lord calleth us to flee into our chambers, and fhut the doors, 
till the indignation be over.* The lily among the thorns is fo ferved. 
He hideth Himfelf, and our mountain is removed, and we are 
troubled. But the Lord reign eth ; let the earth tremble, and let 
the earth rejoice. The Lord, without blood, broke the yoke of 
ufurping opprefTors, and laid them afide : the fame Lord can fettle 
throne and kingdom on the pillars of heaven. But, oh, the con- 
troverfy the Lord hath with Edom, and thofe who covenanted with 
us, and then fold us ; and with thofe of whom the Holy Ghoft 
fpeaketh, " Thy prophets havefeen vain and foolifh things for thee ; 
they have not difcovered thine iniquity to turn away thy captivity, 
but have feen for thee falfe burdens, and caufes of bani{hment."f 
The time of Jacob's fufFering is but fhort, and the vifion will fpeak. 
Could we be from under deadnefs, and watch unto wreftling and 
prayer with the Lord, and live more by faith, we fhould be more 
than conquerors. Wait upon the Lord ; faint not. 
The Lord Jefus be with your fpirit. 

Yours, at all refpectivej observance in the Lord, 

S. R. 
St Andrew's, July 24, 1660. 

* I fa. xxvi. 20. 

f Lam. ii. 14. 

% Refpedful. 


66o.] LETTER CCCLXI. 415 

CCCLXI. — For Mistress Craig, upon the Death of her hopeful Sou, 
luho ivas droivned ivhile ivafjing himfelf in a river in France. 


ISTRESS, — You have fo learned Chrift as now (in the 
furnace) what drofs, what fhining of faith may appear, 
muft come forth. I heard of the removal of your fon, 
Mr Thomas. Though I be dull enough in difcerning, yet I was 
witnefs to fome fpiritual favourinefs of the new birth and hope of 
the refurrection, which I faw in the hopeful youth, when he was, 
as was feared, a-dying in this city. And, fince it was written and 
advifedly appointed, in the fpotlefs and holy decree of the Lord, 
where, and before what witneffes, and in what manner, whether 
by a fever, the mother being at the bed, or by fome other way in a 
far country (dear patriarchs died in Egypt, precious to the Lord, 
and have wanted burials*), your fafeft way will be, to be filent, 
and command the heart to utter no repining and fretting thoughts 
of the holy difpenfation of God. 

1 . The man is beyond the hazard of difpute ; the precious 
youth is perfected and glorified. 

2. Had the youth lain, year and day, pained befide a witneffing 
mother, it had been pain and grief lengthened out to you in many 
portions, and every parcel would have been a little death. Now 
His holy Majefty hath, in one lump and mafs, brought to your 
ears the news, and hath not divided the grief into many portions. 

3. It was not yefterday's thought, nor the other year's ftatute, 
but a counfel of the Lord of old •, and " who can teach the 
Almighty knowledge ?" 

4. There is no way of quieting the mind, and of filencing the 
heart of a mother, but godly fubmiffion. The readieft way for 

Ps. Ixxix. 3. 

416 LETTER CCCLXI. [1660. 

peace and confolation to clay vefTels is, that it is a ftroke of the 
Potter and Former of all things. And fince the holy Lord hath 
loofed the grip,* when it was fattened fure on your part, I know 
that your light, and I hope that your heart, alfo, will yield. It is 
not fafe to be at pulling and drawing with the omnipotent Lord. 
Let the pull go with Him, for He is ftrong ; and fay, " Thy will 
be done on earth as it is in heaven." 

5. His holy method and order is to be adored. Sometimes the 
hufband before the wife, and fometimes the fon before the mother. 
So hath the only wife God ordered ; and when he is fent before, 
and not loft, in all things give thanks. 

6. Meditate not too much on the fad circumflances, "the mother 
was not witnefs to the laft figh ; poilibly, cannot get leave to wind 
the fon, nor to weep over his grave $" and, " he was in a ftrange 
land ! " There is a like nearnefs to heaven out of all the countries 
of the earth. 

7. This did not fpring out of the duft. Feed and grow fat by 
this medicine and fare of the only wife Lord. It is the art and the 
(kill of faith to read what the Lord writeth upon the crofs, and to 
fpell and conftructf right His fenfe. Often we mifcallj words and 
fentences of the crofs, and either put nonfenfe on His rods, or 
burden His Majefty with (landers and miftakes, when He mindeth 
for us thoughts of peace and love, even to do us good in the latter 

8. It is but a private ftroke on a family, and little to § the public 
arrows (hot againft grieved Jofeph, and the afflicted, but ah ! dead, 
fenfelefs, and guilty people of God. This is the day of Jacob's 
trouble ! 

9. There is a bad way of wilful fwallowing of a temptation, 
and not digefting it, or laying it out of memory without any victo- 
rioufnefs of faith. The Lord, who forbiddeth fainting, forbid deth 
alfo defpifing. But it is eafier to counfel than to fuffer : the only 
wife Lord furnifh patience. 

* Graip. f Conftrue. % Give wrong names to. § In companion of. 

1 66 1.] LETTER CCCLXll. 417 

It were not amifs to call home the other youth. I am not a little 
afflicted for my Lady Kenmure's condition. I defire you, when ye 
fee her, to remember my humble refpects to her. My wife heartily 
remembereth her to you -, and is wounded much in mind with your 
prefent condition, and fuffereth with you. 
Grace be with you. 

Yours in the Lord, 

S. R. 

St Andrew's, Aug.*,, 1660. 

CCCLXII. — For my Reverend and dear Brother, Chrijl's Soldier in 
bonds, Mr James Guthrie, Minifler of the Go/pel at Stirling. 



JEAR BROTHER,— We are very often comforted with 
the word of promife ; though we ftumble not a little at 
§{ the work of holy providence, fome earthly men flourish- 
ing as a green herb, and the people of God counted as fheep for 
the flaughter, and killed all the day long, And yet both word of 
promife, and work of providence, are from Him whofe ways are 
equal, ftraight, holy, and fpotlefs. 

As for me, when I think of God's difpenfations, He might juftly 
have brought to the market-crofs, and to the light, my unfeen and 
fecret abominations, which would have been no fmall reproach to 
the holy name and precious truths of Chrift. But in mercy He 
hath covered thefe, and fhapen and carved out more honourable 
caufes of fufFering, of which we are unworthy. 

And now, dear brother, much dependeth upon the way and 
manner of fufFering, efpecially that His precious truths be owned 
with all heavenly boldnefs, and a reafon of our hope given in meek- 
nefs and fear ; and the royal crown, and abfolute fupremacy of our 


41 8 LETTER CCCLXII. [1661. 

Lord Jefus Chrifl, the Prince of the kings of the earth, avouched 
as becometh. • For certain it is that Chrift will reign, the Father's 
King in Mount Zion, and His fworn covenant will not be buried. 
It is not denied that our practical breach of covenant firfl, and then, 
our legal breach thereof by enacting the fame mifchief and framing 
it into a law, may heavily provoke our fweetefl Lord. Yet there are 
a few names in the land that have not defiled their garments, and a 
holy feed on whom the Lord will have mercy, like the four or five 
olive-berries on the top of the fhaken olive-tree : # and their eye fhall 
be toward the Lord their Maker. Think it not flrange that men 
devife againfl you ; whether it be to exile, the earth is the Lord's ; 
or perpetual imprifonment, the Lord is your light and liberty •, or 
a violent and public death, \ for the kingdom of heaven confifleth 
in a fair company of glorified martyrs and witnefles, of whom Jefus 
Chrift is the chief witnefs, who for that caufe was born, and came 
into the world. Happy are ye if you give teflimony to the world 
of your preferring Jefus Chrifl to all powers. And the Lord will 
make the innocency and ChrifUan loyalty of His defamed and de- 
fpifed witnefles in this land to fhine to after-generations, and will 
take The Man-Child up to God and to His throne, and prepare a 
hiding-place in the wildernefs for the mother, and caufe the earth 
to help the Woman. Be not terrified -, fret not. Forgive your 
enemies ; bless, and curfe not ; for, though both you and I mould 
be filent, fad and heavy is the judgment and indignation of the Lord, 
that is abiding the unfaithful watchmen of the Church of Scotland. 
The fouls under the altar are crying for juflice, and there is an 
anfwer returned already. The Lord's falvation will not tarry. 

Cafl the burden of wife and children on the Lord Chrifl ; He 
careth for you and them. Your blood is precious in His fight. 

* I fa. xvii. 6. 

f Such, as is well known, was the fate of Mr James Guthrie, a few 
months after this was written. He was hanged at the crofs of Edinburgh 
on the ift of June 1661, and his head thereafter cut off and fixed on the 
Nether Bow. 


The everlafting confolations of the Lord bear you up and give you 
hope ; for your falvation (if not deliverance) is concluded. 
Your own brother, 

S. R. 
St Andrew's, Feb. 15, 1661. 

CCCLXIIL— To Mr Robert Campbell. 

[Mr Robert Campbell was minifter of a parifh in the Prefbytery of 
Dunkeld. He was a Protefter, and after the reftoration of Charles II. was 
ejected for non-conformity to Prelacy.] 


that this is a time in which all men almoit feek their 
own things, and not the things of Jefus Chriit. Ye are 
your lone,* as a beacon on the top of a mountain ; but faint not : 
Chriit is a numerous multitude Himfelf, yea, millions. Though all 
the nations were convened againft Him round about, yet doubt not 
but He will, at laft, arife for the cry of the poor and needy. 

For me, I am now near to eternity ;f and, for ten thoufand 
worlds I dare not venture to pafs from the proteftation againft the 
corruptions of the time, nor go alongft J with the fhamelefs apoftafy 
of the many filent and dumb watchmen of Scotland. But I think 
it my lait duty to enter a proteftation in heaven, before the righteous 
Judge, againft the practical and legal breach of Covenant, and all 
oaths impofed on the confciences of the Lord's people, and all popiiri, 

* By yourfelf, unfupported. 

f Rutherford died on the 20th of March 1661, fhortly after this letter was 

% Go along with ; agree with. 

420 LETTER CCCLXIII. [1661. 

fuperftitious, and idolatrous mandates of men. Know that the over- 
throw of the fworn Reformation, the introducing of Popery and 
the myftery of iniquity, is now fet on foot in the three kingdoms ; 
and whofoever would keep their garments clean are under that com- 
mand, " Touch not, tafte not, handle not." 

The Lord calleth you, dear brother, to be (till " ftedfafl, un- 
moveable, and abounding in the work of the Lord." Our royal 
kingly Mafter is upon His journey, and will come, and will not 
tarry ; and bleffed is the fervant who (hall be found watching when 
He cometh. Fear not men, for the Lord is your light and falvation. 
It is true, it is fomewhat fad and comfortlefs that ye are your lone ; # 
but fo it was with our precious Mafter : nor are ye your lone, for 
the Father is with you. It is poflible that I mall not be an eye- 
witnefs to it in the flefh ; but I believe He cometh quickly who will 
remove our darknefs, and fhine glorioufly in the Ifle of Britain, as a 
crowned King, either in a formally fworn covenant, or in His own 
glorious way; which I leave to the determination of His infinite 
wifdom and goodnefs. And this is the hope and confidence of a 
dying man, who is longing and fainting for the falvation of God. 

Beware of the enfnaring bonds and obligations, by any hand- 
writ or otherwhe, to give unlimited obedience to any authority, but 
only in the Lord. For all innocent felf-defence (which is according 
to the Covenant, the Word of God, and the laudable example of 
the reformed churches) is now intended to be utterly fubverted and 
condemned : and what is taken from Chriil:, as the flower of His 
prerogative-royal, is now put upon the head of a mortal power ; 
which muff be that great idol of indignation that provoketh the 
eyes of His glory. Dear brother, let us mind the rich promifes 
that are made to thofe that overcome, knowing that thofe that en- 
dure to the end fhall be faved. 

Thus recommending you to the rich grace of God, I remain, 
Your affectionate brother in Chrift, 

S. R. 

* By yourlelf, unfupported. 

1 66 1. J LETTER CCCLXIV. 421 

CCCLXIV.— To Aberdeen. 


LORD, — Grace be to you, and peace from God our 
Father, and from the Lord Jefus Chrift. 
There were fome who rendered thanks, with knees bowed to 
Him " of whom is named the whole family in heaven and earth," 
when they heard of " your work of faith, and labour of love, and 
patience of hope in our Lord Jefus ;" and rejoiced not a little, that 
where Chrift was fcarce named, in favourinefs and power of the 
Gofpel, even in Aberdeen, there Chrift hath a few names precious 
to Him, who fhall walk with Him in white. We looked on it (He 
knoweth whom we defire to ferve in our fpirit in the Gofpel of 
His Son) as a part of the fulfilling of that, " The wildernefs and 
folitary place fhall be glad for them ; and the defert fhall rejoice 
and blofTom as the rofe."* But now it is more grievous to us than a 
thoufand deaths, when we hear that you are fhaken, and fo foon 
removed from that which you once acknowledged to be the way of 
God. Dearly beloved, the fheep follow Chrift, who calleth them 
by name : a ftranger they will not follow, but they flee from him, 
for they know not the voice of a flranger. Ye know the way, 
by which ye were fealed to the day of redemption ; and ye re- 
ceived the Spirit, by the hearing of faith. Part not with that way, 
except ye fee there be no reft for your fouls therein. Neither 
liften to them that fay, " Many were converted under epifcopal as 
well as under prefbyterial government, and yet the godly gave 
teftimony againft bifhops ;" for the inftruments of converfion 
loathed Epifcopacy, with the ceremonies thereof, and never fealed it 
with their fufTerings. But we fhall defire inftances of any engaged 
by oaths, and fufTerings of the faithful meiTengers of God, and the 

* I fa. xxxv. 1 

422 LETTER CCCLXIV. [1661. 

manifeftations of the Lord's prefence, in the way ye now forfake, 
who yet turned from it, and went one ftep toward finful feparation 
(and did it in that way ye now aim at), and did yet flouriih and grow 
in grace. But we can bring proofs of many who left it, and went 
further on to abominable ways of error. And you have it not in 
your power where you mail lodge at night, having once left the 
way of God. And many, we know, loft peace and communion 
with God, and fell into a condition of withering, and not being 
able to find their lovers, were forced to return to their firft Hus- 
band. We fhall entreat you, confider what a ftumbling it is to 
malignant oppofers of the way and caufe of God (who with their 
ears heard you, and with their eyes faw you, fo ftrenuoufly take 
part with the godly in their fufFerings, and profefs yourfelves for 
religion, truth, doctrine, government of the houfe of God, His 
Covenant and caufe), if now you build again what you once de- 
ftroyed, and deftroy what you builded. And mall you not make 
yourfelves, by fo doing, tranfgreflbrs ? How fhall it wound the 
hearts of the godly, ftain the profeflion, darken the glory of the 
Gofpel, make the faith of many, weaken the hands of all, if you 
(and you firft of all in this kingdom) fhall ftretch out the hand to 
raze the walls of our Jerufalem, by reafon of which the Lord made 
her terrible as an army with banners ! For when kings came, and 
faw the palaces and bulwarks thereof, they marvelled and were 
troubled, and hafted away ; fear took hold upon them there, and 
pain as of a woman in travail. And we fhall be grieved, if you 
fhould be heirs to the guiltinefs of breaking down the fame hedge 
of the vineyard, for the which the fad indignation of God purfueth 
this day the Royal Family, many Nobles, houfes great and fair, and 
all the Prelatical party in thefe three kingdoms. And when your 
dear brethren are weak and fainting, fhall we believe that you will 
leave us, and be divided from this fo blefTed a conjunction ? The 
Lord Jefus Chrift, we truft, fhall walk in the midft of the golden 
candlefticks, and be with us, if you will be gone from us. Beloved 
in the Lord, we cannot but be perfuaded better things of you ; and 
we fhall not conceal from you that wc are ignorant what to anfwer 

1 66 1.] LETTER CCCLXIV. 423 

when we are reproved, on your behalf, in regard that your change 
to another gofpel-way (which the Lord avert !) is fo much the 
more fcandalous, that the fudden alteration (unknown to us before) 
now overtaketh you when men come amongft you againft whom 
the furrows of the fields of Scotland do complain. Forget not, 
dear brethren, that Chrift hath now the fan in His hand, and this is 
alfo the day of the Lord, that mail burn as an oven ; and that 
Chrift now fitteth as a refiner of filver, purifying the Ions of Levi, 
and purging them as gold and filver, that they may offer unto the 
Lord an offering of righteoufnefs ; and thofe that keep the word of 
His (not their own) patience fhall be delivered from the hour of 
temptation, that fhall come on all the earth to try them. 

If ye exclude all non-converts from the vifible city of God (in 
which, daily, multitudes in Scotland, in all the four quarters of the 
land, above whatever our fathers faw, throng into Chrift), fhall they 
not be left to the lions and wild beafts of the foreft, even to Jefuits, 
feminary-priefts, and other feducers ? For the magiftrate hath no 
power to compel them to hear the Gofpel, nor have ye any church- 
power over them, as ye teach ; and they bring not love to the Gos- 
pel and to Chrift out of the womb with them ; and fo they muft be 
left to embrace what religion is moft fuitable to corrupt nature. 
Nor can it be a way appro ven by the Lord in Scripture, to excom- 
municate from the vifible Church (which is the office-houfe of the 
free grace of Chrift, and His draw-net) all the multitudes of non- 
converts, baptized, and vifibly within the covenant of grace, which 
are in Great Britain, and all the reformed churches ; and fb to 
fhut the gates of the Lord's gracious calling upon all thefe (becaufe 
they are not, in your judgment, chofen to falvation), when once you 
are within yourfelves.* For how can the Lord call Egypt His people, 
and AfTyria the work of His hands, and all the Gentiles (who for 
numbers are as the flocks of Kedar, and the abundance of the fea) 
the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Chrift, if you number infants 
(as many do), and all fuch as your charity cannot judge converts 

* When you yourielves are fafe within. 

424 LETTER CCCLXIV. [1661. 

(as others do), among heathens and pagans, who have not a vifible 
claim and intereft. in Chrifl ? The candleftick is not yours, nor the 
houfe ; but Chrifl flxeth and removeth the one, and buildeth or 
cafteth down the other, according to His fovereignty. We in 
humility judge ourfelves, though the chief of finners, the fons of 
Zion and of the feed of Chrifl: ; if ye remove from us, and carry 
from hence the candleftick, let our Father be judge, and fhow us 
why the Lord hath bidden you come out from among us. We look 
upon this vifible Church, though black and fpotted, as the hofpital 
and gueft-houfe of fick, halt, maimed, and withered, over which 
Chrift is Lord, Phyfician, and Mafter : and we would wait upon 
thofe that are not yet in Chrifl:, as our Lord waited upon us and 
you both. We, therefore, your brethren, children of one Father, 
cannot but with tears and exceeding forrow of heart earneftly en- 
treat, befeech, and obtefl you, by the love of our Lord Jefus Chrifl:, 
by His fufferings and precious ranfom which He paid for us both, 
by the confolations of His Spirit, by your appearance before the 
dreadful tribunal of our Lord Jefus, yea, and charge you before 
God and the fame Lord Jefus, " who fhall judge the quick and the 
dead, at His appearing, and His kingdom ; " break not the fpirits 
and hearts of thofe to whom ye are dear as their own foul. Forfake 
not the afTemblies of the people of God ; let us not divide. 

Not a few of the people of God in this fhire of Fife (in whole 
name I now write) dare fay, if ye depart, that ye will leave Chrifl 
behind you with us, and the golden candleflicks ; and fhut your- 
felves, we much fear, out of the hearts and prayers of thoufands 
dear to Jefus Chrifl in Scotland. Therefore, before ye fix judg- 
ment and practice on any untrodden path, let a day of humiliation 
be agreed upon by us all, and our Father's mind and will inquired, 
through our one common Saviour. And let us fee one another's 
faces at befl conveniency, and plead the interefl of Chrifl, and be 
comforted ; and not be flumbled at your ways. 

So expecting your anfwer, we fhall pray that the God of peace, 
who brought again from the dead our Lord Jefus, that great Shep- 
herd of the fheep, through the blood of the everlafling covenant, 

1 66 1.] LETTER CCCLXV. 425 

may make you perfect in every work to do His will, working in 
you that which is well-pleafing in His fight, through Jefus Chrilt. 
And I mail remain, 

Your affectionate brother in the Lord, 

8. R. 
St Andrew's. 

CCCLXV. — To Mr John Murray, Minifter at Methven* [See 

Let. 356.] 


apprehend our condition, we are in a way of declining. 
We were, within thefe few years, more in the confcion- 
ablef ufe of means, and the Lord did mine upon us in fome meafure; 
and now we are fallen from that which we were. It is judged fit 
by fome (and many of our folideft profefTors) that if we cannot 
have in congregations, yet families and private perfons may have 
days of humiliation, at leaf! the laft Wednefday of every month or 
thereabout, according to the beft conveniency of Providence. And 
if this were gone about in your country, and in Stirlingfhire, Fife, in 
Merfe, Teviotdale, the Weft, in Nithfdale and Galloway, and other 
places, it would prove our ftrength and help ; for we are few and 
very low. Our adverfaries are not idle ; and there is a faintnefs 
and heartiefs difcouragement on the fpirits of many. Thefe are to 
entreat that you would combine with Mr Robert Campbell,:): Mr 
John Cruickihanks,§ and other of our brethren in your bounds, to 

* From the original among the Wodrow MSS., vol. xxvii., fol., No. 18. 

t Reafonable ; according to confcience. 

X The minifter to whom Let. 363 is addrefTed. 

§ Mr John Crookfhanks (as Wodrow fpells the name), minifter of Red- 
gorton, in the Prefbytery of Perth. He afterwards followed thoie who fought 
at Pentland Hills, in 1665, and was killed in the battle. 

426 LETTER CCCLXV. [1661. 

ftir up one another that we may wreftle with the Lord for the 
remnant. I am confident the Lord will yet be inquired of us for 
this. Though the fame particular day be not obferved, yet, where 
many are on work, fome falvation from the Lord's arm is to be ex- 
pected. I am decaying moll: fenfibly, and I fhouJd look on it as a 
mercy if the Lord would fend a wakening among His own. And 
blefTed mail he be who mail blow the trumpet to caufe other deep- 
ing ones awake, and fhall help to build the wafles, and the fallen 
tabernacle of David. I fhall earneflly deilre you do beftir yourfelf 

herein.* I fhall write to J , and to others here, and do the belt 

I can to give you a convenient account ; for nothing is left to us but 

So remembering me to your wife, and expecting your help, I 

Your own brother, 

S. R. 

[St Andrew's.] 

Mr Robert Anderfon is molt eagerly defired for by the pa- 
rifhioners of Leuchars, and as ftrenuoufly oppofed by our brethren 

* Is not this the very fpirit of 2 Peter i. 13, 14, " Yea, I think it meet 
to ftir you up, by putting you in remembrance ; knowing that lhortly I mult 
put off this my tabernacle?" 







1% l~£*>~ rfBBsSi' / 








{The Figures refer to the Letters.) 

Abraham, Mr, 24. 

Aberdeen, Letter to People of, 364; 

referred to, 77, &c. 
Aird, Bethia, 153. 
Alexander, Sir William, 15. 
Anabaptifts, 308. 
Anderfon, Mr R., 356, 365. 
Anwoth, 72, 92, 96, 157, 161, 177, 

180, 184, 225, 230, 267, 269, 

279? 3o6, 307. 

Topography of, 198, and Life. 

Antinomians, 308. 

Ardrofs, Lady (H. Lindfay), 321. 

Ardwell, 101, 283. 

Argyle, Death of, 360. 

Afhe, Mr Simeon, 345. 

AfTembly, Weftminfter, 307, 310. 

Athernie (in Largo). — See Rigg. 

Ayr. — See Kennedy, John. 

M. A., 212, 243- 

Baillie, Robert, 163, 307. 

Balcarras, Earl of, 327. 

Ballantyne, Margaret, 79. 

Balmerinoch, Lord, 139. 

Barcapple, 34. 

Barholm, 117 (notice). 

Barron, Dr Robert, 89, 117, 144. 

Bautie, James, 249.* 

Bell, John, 218. 

Berwick, 333. 

Blacknefs Caftle, 12. 

Blair, Ifabel — See Lady Gaitgirth. 

Blair, Mr Robert, 89, 254. 

Bohemia, 62. 

Boyne, 307. 

Boyd, Lady, 77, 107, 167, 210, 245 

277, 294, 299? 303, 309, 321. 
Boyd, Lord, 78, 232. 
Brethren, to feveral, 358. 
Brifbane, Sarah. — See Rowallan. 

* The Rev. H. Scott of Anftruther has kindly fupplied the following infor- 
mation : — James Bautie , in 1637, feems to have been preparing for the miniftry. 
He became chaplain to the regiment of the Lord of Ards, in Ireland, and 
was ordained minifter over the Prefbyterian congregation at Ballywalter, in 
the county of Down, in 1642 He was clerk to the Prelbytery in 1644. 
Refuting to take the oath of fidelity to the Commonwealth in 1650, he was 
firft imprifoned, and then banifhed the kingdom. We do not know his after 
hiftory. Another perfon is found occupying his charge in 1661. 



Brother, to a minifter, 358. 

Brother, to a Chriftian, 317. 

Brown, Jean, 18, 32, 84, in, 13: 

Brown, Fergus, 18. 

Brown of Wamphray, 131, 243. 

Brownifts, 303. 

Bruce, Mr James, 146. 

Burton, Henry, 17. 

Burroughs, Jeremiah, 309. 

Burton, D., 17. 

Bufbie, the Lady, 133, 120, 270. 

A. B., 227. 

R. B., 246. 

Cally, Laird of (John Lennox), 198, 

Cambridge, 174. 

Campbell, John. — See Earl of Lou- 

Campbell, Lady Jane. — See Kenmure. 

Campbell, Mr Robert, 363, 365. 

Canons, Book of, 161. 

Cant, Mr Andrew, 179, 207. 

Cardonefs, the Lady (Gordon), 100, 
103, 192, 199. 

the elder (fee John Gordon), 

82, 166, 180. 

the younger, 123, 173. 

Carleton, Fullerton of, letters to, 157, 
169, 176 (referred to, 1, 15, 40). 

Lady, 254- 

Carfon, John, 127. 

Patrick, 156. 

Marion, 32. 

Carfphairn, 28, 102, 357. 

Carfluth, notice of, 190. 

Carltairs, John, 336. 

Cafkeberrie. — See Kafldberry. 

Caffillis, Earl of (John Kennedy), 128, 
268, 278. 

Caffincarrie (Mure), 191. 

Cathcart. — See Carleton. 

Chriftian Brother, 316. 

Chriftian Friend, 291, 315. 

Chriftian Gentlewoman, 211, 317. 

Clark, John, 172. 

Colville, Mr Alexander, 11, 98, 208, 


Colwart, Mr Henry, 9c. 

Commentaries, propofed, no. 

Corbet, Thomas, 264. 
'Covenant, 358, 359. 

Craig, Mrs, 361. 

Craighall, Lord, 86, 99, 174, 220, 
229, 257. 

Cramond, 43, and 117 (notice). 
, Crawford, Earl of (Jee Lindfay), 309. 

Cromwell, 329, 331, 339, 346. 

Cruickfhanks, Mr John, 365. 

Culrofs, Lady, 62, 74, 178, 222. 

Cunningham, Mr R., 63, no. 

A. C, 189, 209. 
|Y.C, 76. 

|Dalgleifh, William, 117, 184, 197. 
Dairy. — See Earlfton. 
Dematius, note, 334. 
Dickfon, Mr David, no, 119, 168, 

259, 298. 
Difdow, 213, 262. 
Douglas, Robert, 113. 
Dunbar, Battle of, 329. 
Dunbar, Mr George, 265. 
Dundrennan, 117 (note). 
Dungueigh, the Lady, 251. 
Durham, Mr James, 91, 352. 
Dun,-, Mr John, 92 (notice). 

Earlfton, elder, 59, 64, 73, 97, 160, 

260, 323. 

Earlfton, the Lady (Eliz. Gordon), 

Earlfton, younger, 99, 181, 196, 201, 

> Edinburgh Town Council, 325, 344, 

! Ellis, Fulk, 234. 
\ Epifcopacy, 364, &c. 
\ Erfkine, Mar)'. — See Lady Marifchall. 

Ewart, John, 134. 

Expe&ers, 308. 

C. E., 92. 

: Familifts, 310. 
Fenwick, John, 295. 
i Fergufhill, Mr John, 112, 187, 188, 

''■ Fingalk, Lady (Moncrleff), 297. 



Gordon, Robert, of Knockbrex. — See 

Robert, Bailie of A yr, 129, 200. 

William, of Roberton, 72. 

William, at Kenmure, 203. 

William, younger, of Earlfton 

Fleming, Mr James, 228. 
Fleming, John, 68, 241, 266. 
Forret, Lady, 125. 

Mr David, 327. 

Forth, the, 257. 

France, 32, 254*. 

Friend, a Chriftian, 291, 316. 

Fullarton, Margaret, 204. 

Fullerton, Mr W., Provoft of Kirk- ; Greenham, Richard, 159. 

Guftavus Adolphus, 16, 48. 

Guthrie, Rev. Mr James, 361, 319, 
357, 362. 

Mr William, 330. 

— See Earlfton. 
— William, of Whitepark, 143. 

cudbright, 1, 52, 67, 135. 

Grizzel, 5, 155, 339. 

Fulhvood, the vounger, 224 
R. F., q8. 

G. J., 320. 

Gaitgirth, Lady (Ifabel Blair), 187, 

Laird of. 2 


Galloway, Bifhop of {fee SydferfF), 

Garloch, 65 (notice), 218. 
Garven, Mr Thomas, 152, 165, 246. 
Gentlewoman, to a Chriftian, 2, 211, 


On hufband's death, 105, 122. 

Letter to one at Kirkcudbright, 

George, David, of Delft, 309. 
Gillefpie, Mr George, 144, 253, 324. 

Patrick, 337. 

Mrs, 326. 

Girthon, 198 (notice). 
Glafgow, Bifhop of, 86, no. 

to a minifter of, 337. 

Glendinning, Mr Robert, 136. 

William, 137, 267, 276. 

Goodwin, Thomas, 309. 

Gordon, Alex., of Earlfton, 59, 73. 

of Knockgray, 102. — See K. 

of Garloch, 65 (notice). 

John, elder, of Cardonefs. — 


Jean, 145. 

John, younger, of Cardonefs. 

— See Cardonefs. 

John, at Rufco, 272, 280. 

Mary, of Largmore, 72. 

J. G., 92, 319. 

Hall, Mr Gilbert, 357. 
Hallhill, the Lady (Learmonth), 148. 
Halliday, William, 121. 
Hamilton, Barbara, 311, 315. 

Euphan, 6. 

Mr James, 89, 214, 137. 

John, 8.* 

Henderfon, Mr Alexander, 115. 

Mr Hugh, 138, 194. 

Mr John, in Rufco, 150, 207. 

Henton, 218. 

High Commiffion, 68, note. 
Hog, Mr Thomas, 245. 
Hope, Sir John. — See Craighall. 
Hume, Mrs, 314. 

Mr William, 312. 

Hutchifon, George, 344. 

Independents, 308, 329. 

Ireland, 25, 119, 168, 233, 284,-288. 

Jackfon, Dr Thomas, 188. 
Jedburgh, 345. 

Johnfton, Sir Archibald, of Warris- 
ton, 307. 

Kafkiberry, the Lady (Schoneir), 

Kells.— See Garloch. 

Kenmure, Viscountefs, 3, 4, 5, 7, n, 
19, 20, 21, 23, 27, 28, 30, 31, 
35, 31, 39, 40, 4*, 56, 58, 61, 

Apothecary in Edinburgh. See u Livingftone's Charact." 



6 9, 7°, 93, 94, 95, 9 6 , IQ 4, 106, 
205, 206, 230, 286, 287, 302, 
305, 318, 320, 335, 33%, 341, 

Kennedy, Elizabeth, 77. 

Janet, 88, 247- 

John.— See Earl of Caffillis. 

John, Bailie of Ayr, 22, 75,130. 

Ker, Col. Gilbert, 328, 329, 331, 
332, 333, 334, 342, 343- 

John, 47- 

Kerr, Robert, 71. 

Kilconquhar, Lady, 226, 261. 

Kilmalcolm, Parifhioners, 286. 

C. K., 349. 

Kirkcudbright, 6, 8, 25, 34, 42, 43, 
46, 49, 52, 67, 80, 134, 135, 136, 
137, 177, 267, 339, 340, 35s> 

Kirkdale, 117. 

Kirkmabreck, 117, 109. 

Knockbrex, Gordon of, 65, 66, 76, 
92, 170, 285. 

Knockgray, Gordon of, ioz, 154, 
182, 223. 

Knox, John, 12. 

C. K., 350. 

Largmore, 72. 

Largerie, Lady, 195, 250. 

Laurie, John, 175. 

Law, James, 86, no. 

Leighton, Dr Alexander, 289. 

Mr Robert, 86. 

Lennox, John. — See Cally. 

Robert, 213, 262. 

Leys, Lady, 207. 
Lindfay, James, 234. 

Lord, 231. 

Livingfton, Mr John, 90, 343. 

Mr William, 142. 

Lorn, Lord, 59, 60, 61, 204. 
Lothian, Earl of, 83. 
Loudian, Mr, 86, 174. 
Loudon, Lord (John Campbell), 116, 
258, 281. 

Maitland, Lord John, 307. 
Marifchall, Lady (Margaret Erfkine), 


Malignants, 329, 330, 331, 333, 346, 

Mar, Lady, 61, 140. 
Martin, Mr James, 207. 
Maxwell, Bifhop of Rofs, 6. 
M'Adam, James, 141. 

Sibylla (his lifter), 193. 

M'Cleland, Mr, 63, 339. 
M'Culloch, Jonet, 101, 252. 

Thomas, 283. 

M'Kail, Mr Hugh, of Irvine, 71, 

118, 216, 229. 
M'Math, Jean, 326. 
Agnes, 300. 

McMillan, Jean, 132. 
M' Naught, Grizzel, 1, 32, 
- Jane, 49. 

Marion, 1, 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 

15, 16, 17, 18, 24, 26, 29, 32, 
33, 34, 36, 38, 41 (poftfcript), 
43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 4&, 49 (with 
poftfcript), 50, 51, 52, 53 y 54, 
55, 57, 60, 80, 126, 177, 185, 
221, 243, 244, 263, 279. 

M'Ward, Mr, 179, 337. 

Mein, Mr John, senior, 151, 312. 

Mr John, junior, 81, 239. 

Barbara, 314. 

Melville, Eliz. — See Lady Culrofs. 

Melville, of Hallhill, 224. 

Melvin, Mr Ephraim, 91. 

Minifter in Glafgow, 337. 

Minifter, to a brother, 359. 

M. O., 324. 

Moncrieff, Mr Alex., of Scoonie, 

Moncrieff, Laird of, 171. 

Lady Ann, of Fingafk, 295. 

Montgomery, Sir Henry, 303. 

More, Dr, 311. 

Mowat, Mr Matthew, 120, 167, 239, 

Muirfad, 59, 109 (notice). 
Mure. — See Lady Ralfton. 
. — See Rowallan, 242. 

Ninian, 164. 

Murray, Chriftian, 262. 

Margaret, 326. 

James, 274. 


43 1 

Murray, James, wife of, 304. 

John, 356, 365. 

Margaret, 326. 

G. M., 92. 
M. M., 167. 

Nairn, Mr George, 357. 

Nevay, Mr John, 179, 209. 

Newcaftle, 311. 

New England, 12, 75, 151, 153. 

Newmills, 179. 

Nicholas, Henry, 310. 

Nifbet, 344 ; and, Life, p. 2. 

Ochiltree, 112 (notice). 

Ormifton, 337. 

Ofburne, Provoft of Ayr, 149. 

Oxford, 174. 

Oxnam. — See Scott. 

N. O., 322. 

Parifhioners of Anwoth, 225. 

Perkins, Dr Wm., 159. 

Perfon unknown, anent public worfhip, 

Perfons unknown, 308. 
Perth Aflembly, 244. 
Pitfligo, Lady (Marifchall), 243, 259. 
Pont, Mrs, 292. 
Porterfield of Duchal, 286. 
Prelacy, 363, 364, &c. 
Protefters, 334, 339? 344, 349? 35^ 
Pfalms, King James', 15. 
Puritans, 11, 202, 262. 
J. P., 49. 


Queenfberry, 205. 

Rait, Mr, 343, 355- 
Ralfton, Lady (Mure), 336. 
Ramfay, Mr Thomas, 357. 
Reid, Margaret, 248. 
Remonftrance, Weftern, 328, 351, 

356, 359- 
Refolutioners, 330, 331, 336, 339. 
Ridge, Mr John, 90. 
Rigg, William, of Athernie,- 114, 256, 


Robertland, Lady, 282. 
Roberton, Gordon of, 72. 
Robinfon, Mr John, 309. 
Rodger, Mr William, 88. 
Rogers, Dr Daniel, 159. 
Rofs, Bifhop of, 6. 
R. J. Rowallan, the Lady, 242. 
Row, Rev. John, of Perth, 183. 
John, of Carnock, 219. 

Rufco, 5 (note), 147, 207, 345. 

A. R., 185. 

H. R. ? 185. 

Rutherford's Brother George, 67, 98, 
105, 107, no, 112, 116, 136-7, 
151, 159, 205, 245, 294, 340. 

— Brother James, 334, note. 

— Mother, 49. 

Saint Andrews, 343, &c. 

Schoneir, James (fee Lady Kafki- 

berry), 108. 
Scott, Rev. John, of Oxnam, 349, 

350, 351, 35V 
Sectaries, 329, 331, 333. 
Seekers, 308. 

Semple, Mr John, of Carfphairn, 357. 
Senwick, 127. 
Separatifts, 309. 

Service Book, 151, 161, 224, 262. 
Sharp, Mr James, 48, 343- 
Sibbald, Dr James. Life, xviii. 
Simpfon, Mr James, 346. 
Spottifwoode, Archbifhop, n, 86. 
St Andrew's, Bifhop of, 48, 86. 
Stirling, Mr John, 91, 92, 357. 
Stirling, Peter, 296. 
Strafford, Earl of (Wentworth), 288. 
Stewart, Mr Henry (Dublin), 291. 

Sir James, Provoft of Edin- 

burgh, 325. 
Stuart, John, of Ayr, 161, 162, 163, 


Robert, 186. 

Mrs, 215. 

SydferfF, 52, 67, 86, 160. 

Taylor, Mrs, 360. 
Trail, R., 179, 35 > 
A. T., 102, 285. 

43 2 


Uxbridge Treaty, 308. 
Utrecht, 334, note. 

Vivet, Chriftopher, 309. 

Watfon, Mr, 214. 
Weir, Mr, 214. 
Welfh, John, 12. 

Weftminfter Afiembly, 306, 308, 309. 
Whitepark, Gordon of, 143. 
Whitefide, Bell of, 218. 
Wigtown, 65, 67, 117, 191, 276. 
Wilfon, Mr James, 293. 
Wylie, Mr Thomas, 306, 340, 355. 

C. Y., 92. 


(The Reference is to the Number of the Letter.") 

Adverfity, leflbns of, 167. 

Affliction, 28, 29, 35, 37, 42, 76, 
92, 94, 102, tii, 122, 167, 171, 
186, 211, 223, 248, 265, 273, 
28a, 289, 298, 302, 312, 315, 

3*7, 3*3- 
AiTurance, 106, 134, 190, 196, 286. 

exhortation as to, 78, 91, 130. 

Atheifm in the heart, 234, 305. 

Backfliding, 225, 227, 234, 286. 

Believers, 56, 85, 201, 229, 291. 

Bereavements, 35, 37, 105. — See Af- 

Bleffings and Chrift, difference between, 

Cares, 252. — &f Trials. 

Children of the godly, 1, 24, 34, 46, 1 
82, 109, in, 287. 

of, 28, 59, 238, 287, 300, 326. 

Chrift, in Himfelf, 7, 13, 19, 20, 69, 
72, 82, 88, 94, 101, 105, in, 
112, 127, 140, 168, 169, 175, 186, 
192, 202, 203, 209, 210, 211, 216, 1 
226, 231, 285, 288, 291, 335. 

coming again, 16, 21, 26, 48, 

50, 95, 130, 138, 224, 231, 269, 

our conformity to Him, 11. 

interceding, 48. 

in His liberality, 73, 74. 

Chrift, in His love, 20, 68, 70, 87, 
112, 113, 120, 143, 170, 187, 195, 
212, 254, 269, 297. 

in His fympathy, 2, 153, 177, 

287, 288. 

in His furTerings, 13, 176. 

in our furTerings for Him, 59, 

6 7, 95? "3? "6, 117, 148, 218, 

*9°> 333- 
in His ways, 71, 73, 74, 89, 

99? I2 5, J 3i, 146, 189, 194, 222, 

256, 3*6, 333 y 351. 
Chrift's caufe, 78, 115, 245. 
Chriftian walk, direction for, 159, 264, 

Church, 26, 38, 41, 45, 5°, 97, 


vifible, members of, 364. 

Communion with Chrift, 7, &c. 
feafons, 14, 18, 20, 33^ 44, 45, 

9 1 , 313- 
Confcience, 62, 66, 166. 
Confolations, 54, 63, 66, 80, 266, 

310, 334. 
Conflict, 6, 46, 280. 
Converfion, 218. 
Convictions, 218, 225. 
Counfels. — See Chriftian Walk. 
Courage, 329, 331. 
Croffes, 61, 62, 95, 116, 118, 119, 

134, 143, U6, 148, 219, 240, 

242, 246, 248, 257- 



Darknefs, days of, 338, 342. 
Deadnefs, 319, 342, 344, 345, 353, 

Death, 3, 39, 150, 195, 238, 311, 

3*4, 35&- 

Death of a Hufband, 105, 222, 303, 
312, 326; Son-in-law, 314; Wife, 
315; Daughter, 3, 316 ; Mother, 
321; Child, 4, 38, 35, 310, 336; 
Son, 298, 310, 360; Friend, 300. 

Defertions, 6, 100, 228, 234. 

Devil, 32, 70, 90, 114, 115, 138. 

Difficulties, 205, 348, 350. 

Diligence, 77, 131, 123, 141, 147, 
173, 186, 198, 261, 380, 383, 339. 

Doubtings, 106, 181, 303, 393. 

Duty, 136, 138. 

Earneftnefs about the foul, 123, 124, 

132, 191, 300, 301, 361. 
Earneft of the Spirit, 7. 
Evidences. — See Marks. 
Experience, 341, &c. 

Faith, 7, 19, 95, 178, 182, 294. 
Feeling, 293, 395. 
Fear of man, 335, &c. 
Formality, 87, 198, 318. 
Free-will, 130, &c. 
Friends, 5, 30, 104. 

God, 343 — See Chrift. 
Glory, 19, 30. 

Grace, 8j, 106, 192, 217, 219, 354, 
273, 277, 323, 324. 

Headfhip of Chrift, 115, 215, 345, 

378, 381, 337, 359, 363. 
Heaven {fee Chrift), 346, 347, 304. 
Holinefs, 103, 315. 
Humility, 83, 330, 385, 342. 

Idolatry (in kneeling at communion), 

92, 174, 197- 
Idols, 102, 133, 191, 280. 

Jews, reftoration of, 14, 28, 50, 194, 

*35, 295, 296. 
J unification, 170. 

Law, 230. 

Life rather than dying, 336. 

Long-fuffering, 12, &c. 

Marks of falvation, 172, 203, 235, 284, 

Martyrdom, profpedt of, 362. 
Miniftry, his own, and others, 61, 180, 

184, 188, 214, 225, 338, 386. 

Non-fundamental truths, 337. 

Offences, 329. 
Ordinances, 11, 24. 

Patience, 13, 21, 138, 196, 336. 

Perfecution, 391, &c. 

Praife, 103, 304. 

Prayer, 17, 39, 349, 363, 269, 293, 


union for, 31, 171, 365. 

meeting, 369, 286. 

Providence, 11, 12, 89, no, 194, 

197, 234, 256, 260, 329, 33h333 
Profperity, 30. 

Reproach, 26, 238. 

Reprobates, 234. 

Refignation, 2, 3, 90; nine reafons 

for, 361. 
Revival, 354. 

Saints, 53. 

Salvation, 79, 83, 131, 135. — See 

nature of, 133. 

San&ification, 81, 170, 313, 315. 

Satan, 33. — See Devil. 

Self, 188, 189, 198, 384, 334. 

Self-deception, 353. 

Self-denial, 31, 384. 

Sicknefs, 3, 6, 36, 135, 313, 337, 345. 

Silence, 163, 163, 185, 208. 

Sin, 84, 376. 

againft the Holy Ghoft, 227. 

Sinners, awful words to, 335, 328, 

Sloth, 198, 300, 260, 286. 
Soul's value, 79, 82. 

E E 



Sovereignty of God, 34, 298, 339, Unbelief, 85, 153, 222, 238. 

247, 342, 347* Union among believers, 322, 336, 
Submiflion, 10, 27, 47, *J7j 183, 337,355- 

187, 255, 301, 298, 300. 

Suffering, defign of, and bleffings Vifible Church, 364. 

under, 113, 206, 265. — See Trials, 

Afflictions. Warnings, 72, 173, 225, 226. 
words to a brother under, 329, Watchfulnefs, 30, 263, 353. 

337, &C. 

Temptation, 41, 93, 157, 196, 293. 

public, 51. 

Trials, 3, 4, 12, 22, 23, 52, 61, 63, 
7i, 72, 74, 75, 80, 84, 131, 133, 
138, 143, 161, 166, 182, 206, 

311, 230, 246, 257, 265, 266, 
273, 276, 289, 291, 292, 320. 

World, 5, 42, 99, 100, 122, 139, 
190, 192, 200, 223, 224, 229, 
25 1 , 255, 268, 272, 282. 

Youth, 16, 41, 142, 156, 164, 166, 
173, 181, 186, 199, 202, 203, 
232, 240, 289, 307. 

Zeal, 10, 233. 



{The Figures refer to the Letters.) 

Abjetls ; perfons in the loweft grade of 

fociety. 291. 
Account-book ; journal. 122, 124. 
Ado ; Adjective, in the fenfe of aflir. 

97, 99, 181. Noun; occupation, 

concerns, 97, 99, 181, 226, 250. 
AffeB ; to love, have affection to. 4, 

67, 174, 274, &c. — So in Gal. iv. 

17, &c. 
After-supper ; lateft part of the day. 

Agent; advocate. 86. 
Airt, or airth; quarter of the heavens, 

direction. 41, 167, 229, &c. 
Allow ; to give an allowance. 240, 

Alone, for only. 231, &c. 
Along Jl ; along. 363. 
Ahvays ; although, notwithftanding. 

(Fr., toute-fois.) 249, 33&, 337- 
And, or an; the conjunction "if" 

(Gr., eW) 
Anent ; concerning, over-againft. 234, 

Annual ; yearly rent. 119. 
Annuity ; quit-rent. 70. 
As; than. 306. — It is the German 

" als," and is ftill a common word 

in the ibuth of Scotland. 
A-fvoon ; in a fwoon, or faint, no, 

186, 249* 
Athort ; athwart, acrols. 243. 

Aught ; to own. The Noun ; potTes- 
fion, property. 247, 29 3- 

Aqjofome ; fitted to overawe. 190, 219, 
281, 317. 

Back. The Verb intr. means : ' ' to be 

unfortunate." 62. The Verb trans.: 

"to help on." 128, 149, 200, 229, 

Back-bond ; a bond given after a former 

bond. 118, 265, 291. 
Back-burden. 288. 
Back-entry; back-door. 277. 
Back-friend ; friend to help. 199. 
Back-over ; backward, quite in the 

other direction. 276- 
Back-fet ; a. thruft back. 167. 
Bairns; children. 18, 20, 106, 293, &c. 
Bairnteme ; family of children by one 

mother. 105, 106. 
Balk; beam for fufpending fcales. 225, 

Band; a bond, engagement. 1 8. — * l To 

take band ivithy" is to unite, q.d. y 

bind together. 46, 189, 292. — 

ct Keep band,' the fame. 42. 
Bankful ; full like a river up to its 

bank. 169, 257. 
' Bann ; to curie in the form of a minced 

oath. 147. 
Beguile. Noun; deception, trick. 176, 

205, 353' 



Behind (with one ; coming fhort of his 

due. 152, 157. 
Being-place ; apparently a mifprint for 

" bigging," i^., building. 192. 
Bemift ; involved in mill, like benight. 

118, 169, 176. — See alfo "mi/ted." 

59, i2 3- 

Ben ; It is q.d. being in ; within. 20. 

Befide ; apart from. 266, 271. 

Better cheap. — See Cheap. 

Bidding ; command. ii Tofit a b.," to 
fail in prompt obedience. 43. 

Bide : wait for, endure. 23, &c. — 
" Law-biding," ready to meet the 
law, inftead of fleeing. 106, 107, 

Big, Verb ; to build. 

Binding. The phrafe, * c to take bind- 
ing, " is the fame as to i l take band." 


Binks ; benches. 285. 

Bird-mouthed ; mealy-mouthed. 181. 
In this phrafe, bird is the young, or 
chicken ; hence, the fenfe of foftnefs. 

Black-Jhame ; utter fhame ; fo very 
dark. 130, 272. 

Blaflume, or blayflume, or bleflume ; a 
mere mam, air-bubble; from blaw, 
or blow. 225, 249. Same as 
" blellum," one good for nothing. 

Bleeze ; a fudden flaming up. 82. 

Blench ; a piece of white money ; a mere 
peppercorn or nominal rent. 254. 
(Fr., "blanc") 

Blenk, or blink ; a gleam, flight glance. 
50, 57, &c. 

Blind; a cheat, difappointment. 212. 

Block : a bargain. The Verb ; to bar- 
gain, plan, fcheme. 20, 100, 
106, 163, 200. 

Bloom; bloflbm. 90, 184, 185, 193. 

Bludder, or bluther ; to bleer ; disfigure 
the face with weeping, or the like. 
105, 138. 

Blae ; pale; unfatisfaclory hue. 262. 

Board; table. " Boardhead," head 
of the dinner- table. 30, 104, 107, 

177, 249- 
Bode; to offer with view to a bargain. 

177, 186. It is allied in fenfe to 
"bait." Sibbs ufes " bawd" (on 
2 Cor. i. 3). 

Boijl or bojl, and fometimes written 
boajls ; to threaten with a blow. 
101, an, 226, 291. It is con- 
nected with " boifterous." 

Borne in ; forcibly brought into the 
mind. 249. 

Borrow and lend; to have dealings with. 
98, 109. 

Borrows ; fecurity in law. ' * To die 
in borrows," to fail in fecurity. — See 

Botch-houfe ; houfe fpoilt and dis- 
figured. 237. 

Bouk; from " bulk" the corpfe of man 
or beaft. 141. 

Bound-road; boundary-line. 273,286. 

Brae ; declivity, flope of a hill. 141, 
&c. — " From bank to brae." 147, 

Braird; the fprouting up blade of 
young wheat, or the like. 259. 

Brangle ; to fhake into diforder, fhake 
in pieces. 41, 196. 

Brajh : a palling fit of ficknefs. 186. 

Broadfide ; openly, frankly. 24, 81. 

Brod ; fame as board. 328, &c. 

Brook, or bruke ; enjoy, poflefs. 140, 
115, 249- 

Brow den ; eagerly defirous of, warmly 
attached to. 77. 

Browjl ; a brewing, or what one brews 
for himfelf ; the confequence of the 
courfe you take. 188. 

Bud : to bribe, try to win over by a 
gift. 63, 88, 277. 

Bulks.— See Bouk. 

Burrows, or borrows ; a pledge or fe- 
curity. Law-burrows ; fecurity 
given not to injure the perfon or pro- 
perty of one. 61, 163, 184, 222. 

Bujhy-biel {iee Life). In Scotch, bield 
is ajhelter. The name of Ruther- 
ford's houfe was properly " Bujh d 
Bier," the bufh of fhelter. In old 
Scott. Prov., we find, " Every man 
bows to the bujh he gets bield frae." 



Bujk; adorn, deck. 22, 133, 143. 

Buy a plea ; get up a charge, when 
properly it is none of ours. 74, 75, 
161, 171. 

" Buy by ;" to buy fo as to fet another 
alide. 261, 265. 

By , or bye; alide from, paft. 23, 148, 
160, 175, 105. Alfo: Without, 
96; befide, 359. — " Lock by y " 2iS y 

By-board ; lide-table. 77, in, 197. 

Bye-errand; mefiage done at leifure 
time. 191, 199. 

By-gone; pafled away. 71, &c. 

By-good y or bye-good ; an object in ad- 
dition to fome other good. 195. 

By-hand; alide. 72, 276. 

By-look ; lide-look. 249. 

By-purfe ; a lide purfe, away from the 
other. 284. 

By-qvork ; work done at leifure time 
only. 191. 

Canny; prudent, cautious. 69, &c. 
Adv., canniely. 

Card; chart or map. 69, 232. 

Cajl ; participle, cajlen : throw or fling. 
— "To cajl at;" be fulky, quarrel 
with. 4, 23. — "To cajl up;" to 
upbraid. — "To cajl out <with ;" 
quarrel. 224, 254. 

Cajl y a Noun; lot, fate. 185. 

Casualty ; emoluments beyond the ftated 
yearly dues paid to the fuperior. 
240, 253. 

Cauldrije ; fufceptible of cold; luke- 
warm. 198. 

Caums ; a mould. 2 82. — Moulds being 
often made of pipe-clay, it became 
customary to call pipe-clay "caum- 
ftone." Baillie in his Letters fpells 
it " caulms." In Gaelic, cuma 
means a. pattern, or fhape. 

Causey (Fr., chaujee) ; the public ftreet. 
' * To keep the crown of the caufey " 
is to make bold appearance, in open 
da Y- 52, J9, 69, 181. 

Caution; fecurity, furety. 2, 19, &c. 
— Adj., Cautionary. 187. 

Challenge; charge, upbraiding, accu- 

fation. 2, 10, &c. 
Cheap is connected with "chapman," 
and feems to mean a bargain in 
the phrafe " Better cheap." 216, 
293. — See Good cheap. 
Chirurgeon ; furgeon. 293, 295. Greek 

and Latin word. 
Clap; fomething done unexpectedly. 
" In a clap ;" like thunder fuddenly 
heard. 264. 
Clay ; earth, earthenware. 291, &c. — 
" Clay-banks," 300. So "Clay- 
heavens," 294; " clay-pawns," 
300, bodies of duft. 
Cleck ; to hatch a brood, fwarm. 281. 
Clog ; to adhere, coalefce with. 249. 

— Ufed in old Englifh. 
CloJe y a Noun ; the lane or porch lead- 
ing into the houfe. 157. 
Clqfe y Adv.; " cloje off y " completely. 
82 (like the phrafe clofe-fhaven), 
50, 88. 
Clofet-vuard ; guard-room. 254. 
Coajl ; to fail near land, fail from one 

port to another. 301. 
Coajlful; full to the utmoft border. 201. 
Cog ; to fix the teeth of a wheel, and 
fo Hop its motion. 51, 194, 229. 
Coldlike; like a fire going out. 179. 
Coldrife. 198. — See Cauldrife. "How 
coldrife and indifferent are ye ! " 
(Serm. on I fa. xlix. 1-4.) 
Common ; alluding to perfons fharing at 
a common table in College. " To 
be in ones common ," is to be in- 
debted to, under obligation to. 
42, 52, 157, 252, &c. — "To quit 
commons" (214); to be freed from 
obligation by requiting the perfon. 
Companionry ; companionfhip. 147, 
280. — The termination "ry" marks 
plurality in old Englifh. 
Compear ; appear judicially, at the bar. 

3, &c. 
Compearance ; the act of appearing in 

court or at the bar. 
Compqfe ; compromife. 357. — Com- 
poJition y in fame fenfe. 



Comprize ; to aired by writ, attach by 
a legal procefs. 130, 160, 171, 
184, 206, &c. 

Communion ; the difpenfing of the Lord's 
Supper. 20, &c. 

Concial. 179. — See note. 

Concredit ; entruft. 260. 

Conqueji ; written alfo, conquefs : ac- 
quifition, made not by inheritance, 
but by purchafe and exertion. 2, 

54, 79? l8 *> i9°> I 9 I - 
Conftderable : worthy of confideration. 

3*1, 33i- 
ConfrucJ ; for conftrue. 361, &c. 
Contejlation ; ft rife. 189. 
Contrair ; contrary to. 6. 
Confcionable ; according to confcience, 

juft. 365. 
Convoy ; to accompany on the way. 

210, 230, 231. 
Couchers ; cowards, or lazy fellows. 

Fr., coucher, to lie down. 251. 
Country, in oppofition to city ; com- 
mon, in contraft to fine. 153. 
Coup ; to upfet, tumble over. 120. 
Court. ( ' No great court ; " no infl uence. 

148, 151, 158, 183, &c. — "To be 

in court," in favour. 
Cow ; to cut off, eat up (Fr., couper). 

170, 178. 
Crook ; to walk crookedly, lamely ; 

halt. 233, 299. 
Cry down; depreciate. 280. — As a 

Noun. 289. "Cry," proclamation. 
Cumber; trouble. 196. — Adj., "cum- 

berfome." 292. 

Daft; foolifh. 93, 285.— " A daft 
young heir" (Serm. on Zech. xi. 


Dawted ; made a favourite, or pet. 
89, 98, 166. — " Dawted Davie ;" 
a petted child. no. — "Better 
be God's fons than the world's 
dawties" (Serm. on Ifa. xlix. 1). 

Daylight ; note in 315. 

Dead; in the expreffion, " Dead- 
fweer," thoroughly lazy ; as inca- 
pable of moving as one dead. 105. 

Deaf nuts ; no kernel in them. 138. 

Deave, from deaf; to make deaf ; dis- 
tract. 286. 

Decore ; to adorn. 42. — (Lat., de- 

Decourt ; to difcard, fend out of court. 
188, 197, 284. 

Decreet; a judicial fentence. 3, 12, 

I32 3 


Depurfement ; fame as difburfement. 
59. — Q.d., taking out of the purfe, 
or bourfe (291). 

Din; noife. 59, 154, 249, 282, 325. 

Ding ; knock in with violence. 248. 

Dint ; the ftroke, or force. 332. 

Difpone ; makeover. 19, 261. 

Difrefpedti've ; difrefpectful. 300. — 
See RefpecHve. 

Ditty, or Dittay ; indictment, ground 
of accufation. 12, 44, 180, 233. 

Do. " Todofor ;" to a<5t for ; accom- 
plish a thing. 93, 116, 135, 162, 
228, 244. — See Ps. cix. 21. 

Dool-like ; in mourning guife. 268. 
— Dool ; grief ; "Dolor." 272. 

Doomfler ; pronouncer of fentence. 

Dorts ; the fulks, offence taken. 23, 
70, 89. 

Double ; a duplicate. 253' 

Dow ; to be able, can. 23, &c. — 
Hogg's Queen's Wake ufes the 
perf. : "She turned away and 
dought luck nae mair. " So Let. 
74, " dought." 

Draff-poke ; the beggar's bag, for car- 
rying anything put in. 249. — Draff, 
a ufelefs thing; " draught," Matt. 
xv. 17. 

Draw, in the fenfe of "remove;" 
table drawn. 146. 

Draw-knot ; a flip-knot. 51. 

Drink over the board ; renounce. — See 
note, 190. 

Drink-fiver ; gift, or token of regard 
for kindnefs fhown or fervice done, 
— a gift to fervants.r 119 . — Drink- 
money, 277 ; the fame. 

Drouthy ; thirfty. 256. 



Drumbied ; made muddy ; troubled 

water. 153. 
Dry; referred, backward. 181, 182, 

187, 206, &c. 
Divine ; to pine away. 169, &c. 
Dyke; a wall. 194, 276, &c. 
Dyvour ; a debtor ; bankrupt, alfo. 

— Fr., "Devoir." 

Eafe-room ; a room for pleafure. 5 , 

247, 3ii- 
Ebb, Adj.; fhallow, like tide going back. 

94, 129, &C. — Ebbnefs. 175. 
Edge by ; pufh aiide. 225. 
Empa-ivn ; lay down as pledge. 229, 

Enact ; to decree. 291. 
Engyne, or ingyne; difpofition, ability, 

policy. 84, 94« 
Entire ; no divilion or half-heartednefs. 

119, 280. 
Errand; bufinefs. 210, 250. — u Ride 

his errands," 249, go on with his 

Evangel; good news generally. 224. 
Even ; to put down one as capable of 

a thing ; propofe as fit for a perfon. 

7 o. — The phrafe, ' ' Be even with ; " 

have accounts fettled, be quits. 

113, 114. 
Evil-worthy ; unworthy, ill-worth. 

Expone ; explain the fenfe. 165. 
Eye-fweet ; pleafant to the eye. 213, 

Eye, Verb; to look for. 276. 

Fail, or feal ; turf. 194. 

Fain ; glad. u Fain not twice " is glad 
to remain fettled ; not caring to rife 
after fitting down. 

Fair, in the phrafe, "fair fire," is 
commonly in Scotland ' i a fair 
lowe," *>., all a flame together. 
204. — " Fair fall you," good be- 
tide. 337. 

Faird, or fard ; to paint (q. d., make 
fair), embellifh, difguife. 82, 83, , 
88, 191 

Fall about ; fearch about. 21. — " Fall 
by;" be loft. 291.— " Fall to;" 
engage in. 72,288.—" Fall off;" 
forfake. 246. 

Far. " The far end," the final ifiiie. 

Farm-room ; a rented room. We 
fpeak of u farming the public re- 
venues;" i.e., renting them, gather- 
ing them for a ftipulated remunera- 

Fafih; trouble by importunity. 145, 
249, &c. — u Fafihery." 196. 

Fafil ; firm. 74. 

Fecklefs ; worthlefs, ufelefs, pithlefs. 
23, 24, &c. 

Feared; alarmed, timid. 293. 

Fenced; guarded, conftituted. 77, 82, 
112, 146. 

Fend; provide for, maintain, fhift for. 
87, 114, 129, &c. 

Fetch; to make for a place. 83, 106, 

,. l84 * 
Find; to feel, or find out. 155, 169, 

192, 334. 
Fire-flaught ; a flake of fire, a flafh of 

lightning. 104. — In Row's Hift. 

of Scot., ' i extraordinary thunder 

and fire-flaught," p. 2,23' 
Flitting ; removing furniture and goods 

to another place. 250, 277. (It 

is A. S.) 
Flourifh ; to bloflbm. 50. 
Flyte; to fcold. 189. — " Flyting free." 

See note in 118. 
Foot. The phrafe, u hold the foot to 

it," go on in the march. 249. 
Foot-mantle ; a riding habit reaching to 

the feet. 268. — In a fermon on 

Zech. xi. 9, " Gold, filks, velvets, 

and foot-mantles, and high horfes." 
For; notwithstanding. 307. 
Fore, feems to mean furplus, fomething 

over and above; alfo, fomething 

flill referved. 70, 89, 158. 
Forecajlen ; caft away, negleded. 167, 

177, 285. 
Foregainfl ; oppofite. 289. 
Forlorn ; prodigal. 167, 285. — "The 



forlorn fon " is the prodigal. (So 

in German.) 
Forthcoming ; ready to come forward 

and fpeak. 250. 
Four-hours ; the afternoon meal, taken 

four hours after the forenoon's. 

118, 285. 
Frame ; to fit or fet (Judg. xii. 6), fet 

in a proper pofition, turn out, or 

fucceed. 32, 41, 187. 
Fraught; the fame as freight. 153, 

195, 217. — "Fraught-free;" no 

fare to pay. 265. 
Free hoi ding ; lands held for life. 203. 
Free-warders ; prifoners who have 

right to go free. 265. 
Frem, A. S;, i( fremd:" hence written 

"fremd" or ' :i fremmyt ;" ftrange, 

foreign, diftant. 69, 165. 
Friend-Jed ; to befriend. 188, 275. 
Fryfil, or frifl ; to poftpone pofiefiion 

or action, — the oppofite of tryfil. 

176, 205, &c. 
Fyle ; to defile, find guilt. 212. 

Gaddy ; fond of gadding about. 270. 

Gar dies, or gar defs ; arms. 18. — It 
is the Gaelic word " gairdean," an 
arm. In Row's Life of Blair (p. 
154), " Mrs Hamilton came up 
to Traquair, and feft-grip his 
gar die." 

Gate; road, way, manner of doing. 
29, 38, &c. — The phrafe, "filart 
to the gate," begin early, foon on 
the road. 136, 148, 186, 294. 

Gawd: trick, bad cuftom. 240. — 
Ufed by Gawin Douglas and by 
Chaucer for a freak, and faid to be 
from Fr., "gaudir," to be merry. 

Gear; goods, fubftance, money. 120. 

General ; not at all familiar. 205. 

Gifted: beftowed as a favour. 353, 
359. — Often fo ufed in his " Cove- 
nant of Life Opened." 

Glaiked, or glaiket ; giddy, light, 284. 

Glance ; bright as glowing metal. 287, 

Glifter : glitter. 51. — See Luke ix. 21. 

Gloom ; frown, Verb and Noun. 266, 
187, &c. — "The fad and glooming 
crofs " (Chrift Dying). 

Goodman, or gudeman ; one who holds 
his houfe or lands from a fuperior ; 
unlike laird, who owns no fuperior 
but the king. 17, 18, &c. — Good- 
wife; 34- 

Good cheap ; very cheap, gratuitous. 
But probably cheap is here a Noun, 
equivalent to " bargain." 104, 
105, 121, 215, 186, 245, 249- — 
" Better cheap," 216 ; fee Cheap. 

Gone; ruined, hopelefs. 183. 

Gowk ; a fimpleton. — " Gowket," act- 
ing like a fimpleton. 151, 232 
(256, the cuckoo, ufed for a fool). 

Grace ; to give grace to. 237, 275. 

G rammer cy ; thanks. 249. — French, 
" grand-merci." 

Green; to long after. 85, 160, 213, 
226, &c. 

Grip ; a grafp, firm hold, clafp. 22, 
24, &c. — "Grips," clofe quar- 
ters, fight, 294. 

Ground; bottom. 85, 99, 203, 287. — 
" Ground-Jlone ;" foundation-ftone. 
74, 82, 248. — " Grounds ;" dregs 
of a cup. 251. 

Guide; to manage or make ufe of. 256, 

Guife : manner, way (French). 101, 

164. — Bunyan, in his Hiftory of 

Badman : " One guife for abroad, 

another for home." 
Gutters ; pools of dirty water, marks 

made by the tears that foil the 

face. 138, 194. 

Hable; able. Fr., habile. 325. — Rol- 

lock (51ft Lecl:.), "liability and 

Halfer ; an equal fharer. 200, 245, 

249. — Written " hal<ver," alfo. 
Half-marrow ; a married partner. 

183, 270. 
Hall ; the hall-houfe, or ha-houfe, the 

manfion-houfe. 285. — Hall-binks ; 

feats of honour. 



Handfaft ; to join hands in betrothing, 
to affiance. 143, 173, 225. 

Handgrips ; grafping clofe. 87, 106. 

Hand/el : to nfe for the firft time. 239. 

Hatukvrite ; written with one's own 
hand. 270. 

Hard. — See Heads. 

Hardly ; with difficulty. 232. 

Haunt up ; be up alone in his company. 

Haufe ; to clafp or clofe with. 69. — 
Gawin Douglas ufes it for "em- 
brace ; " from " hals," the neck or 

Have ; to "have over," to let alone, 
be done with. 87, 106. 

Head of Wit; a wifeacre, one who 
affects to have much wifdom. 230, 
234. — " Hard-heads ;" the name 
of a fmall coin. 270. — Knox's 
Hiftory, &c. 

Heap-mete • heaped up meafure, full 
meafure. 249. 

Hear ; to attend, to allow. 115. 

Heartfome ; happy, cheerful. 32, 51, 
167. — "Clear, bright, and heart- 
fome morning " (Sermon on Zech. 
xi. 9). 

Hell- hot ; hot as hell. 357. 

Hereaway; in this quarter. 50, 286, 
336, &c. 

Herry ; cruelly fpoil, or rob. 52. 

Hefp ; hank or hafp of yarn. 196. 

Hide; the Ikin. 198.— In " Chrift 
Dying," he fpeaks of the " Ikin or 
hide of the vifible hearers." 

Hing ; for hang. 104, 249. 

Ho; cefiation, to caufe to flop. 167. 

Holding; tenure. 284. 

Hole (fometimes fpelt " holl ") ; to 
make a hole, to pierce, dig out. 
177, 196. — " Holey," or " holie ;" 
full of holes. 83, 196, 258. 

Hook; fickle, reaping-hook. 21, 224, 

Homely ; familiar, at home with one. 
59, 105, 130, &c. 

Home over; homewards. 28, 205, 
211. &c. 

Horning ; a legal demand for payment 
of a debt under threat of imprifon- 
ment and proclaimed rebels. It 
ufed to be proclaimed by found of 
horn. 130. 

Horologue ; a watch. From the Greek. 
— An old tower at Montrose bore 
the name of " The Horologue 
Tower." 238, 289. 

Howbeit ; although. — See our Verfion 
of the Bible. 

Huge ; vaft, very great. — " I am hugely 
pleafed with your letter," fays Water- 
land, in a letter to T. B oft on (A pp. 
to Life). In Forbes, on Rev. xix., 
"huge matter of God's praife." 
In Rutherford's Treatife on Prayer, 
"heaven is a huge thing, "p. 9 7. 305. 

If; but that. 342. 

Ill; in the phrafe, " III to pleafe," 
difficult to pleafe. 131. 

Ill-fit ten ; mifplaced. 106. Q.d. re- 
moved to a wrong place. 

Ill-friended; without friends. 96. 

Ill-learned ; taught evil. 276. 

Ill-ravelled; fadly entangled. 196. 

Ill-wafhen ; dirty. 227, &c. 

Ill-waled; ill-feletfed. 326. 

Improbation ; action to prove forgery, 
or the like. 78. — See note. 

Incontinently; immediately, as if un- 
able to reftrain himfelf. 241. 

Indent. Its common Englifh fenfe oc- 
curs in Let. 288, to fet in corres- 
ponding notches. But alfo, to fign 
a paper containing agreement to 
certain articles. 173. — Zachary 
Boyd's Samfon has, " As I indent- 
ed, fo I'll undertake." 

Ingyne. — See Engvne. 

Infruft of; inftrucl concerning. 225. 

Inflruments, to take; to take docu- 
ments from the hand of the proper 
party by way of atteftation. 107, 
no, 144, &c. 

Interdicl ; forbid by pofitive injunction 
to do or ufe a thing for a time. 

Into; for in. 336. — Rollock (47th 



Left.) : " W hen the Spirit is wreft- 

ling into us." 
Intromit; intermeddle, feize upon, 

handle. 82, 105. 
In-under • clofe under. 260. 
Irrefpcnfal ; not able to pay, infolvent. 

104, 204. 

Jealoufy ; fufpicion. So the Adjective. 

144, 148, 152, &c. 
Jouk ; to bend down, to jerk and fhift 

in lb doing ; to diflemble, compro- 

mife. 16, 181, 284. 

Kep ; intercept, catch when falling. 

Kind; nature. 276. — u Man doth 
his kind in committing evil," fays 
Trappe on Gen. vii. 21 ; that is, 
does what his nature leads to. 

Kindly ; what our kindred give us right 
to. 261. Alfo, according to nature. 
98, 102, 254. — In "Chrift Dying" 
(p. 30) we find, "The life of Chrift 
had infirmities kindly to it." 

Knot ; difficulty to be folved. 312. — 
Rollock (51ft Left.) fpeaks of 
"getting office with a knot" — a 
difficulty accompanying it. 

Lair ; a bog. no. 

Laird. — See Goodman. 

Lap ; to loofe part of a garment. 78. 

Laureation ; obtaining academic hon- 
ours. 274. 

Law-biding. 106,231,299 . — See Bide. 

Law-burrows. — See Burrows. 6 1 , 
163, 184, 275, &c. 

Lea ; an unploughed part of a field, 
where the grafs grows. 75, 234. 

Lead. In the phrafe, " Lead Jlones to 
a wall;" convey them, q.d., by 
leading the horfe and cart. 24. 

Leal; honeft, genuine, loyal. 182,1 

Learn ; in the fenfe of "to teach." ; 
175, 222. — (German, " lehren.") | 

Leave; difmiffed. 277, 311. 

Leek ; a leak. 130. — In Row's His- 

tory (398) we find, "The (hip 

being leek." 
Lee-fide ; fheltered fide. 115. 
heme ; earthen; our "loam." Lat., 

" limus" 182.— In Row's Hift. 

(260), " A leme pig" is an earthen 

Let; to hinder. — "To let in," to admit. 
Lift ; part of a load. 298. 
Lightly , a Verb ; to trifle with. 201, 

260, 272. 
Like; fame as likely; probable. 267, 

348.—" The like of;" fuch as. 284, 

Lippen ; to truft, entruft. 182, 260. 
Lith ; a joint. — The A. S. word for the 

joints of the body. 167. 
Lone ; one's felf, alone. 162, 192, &c. 
Long. " Think long ; " to weary for. 

14, Sec. 
Loof; the palm of the hand. — Gaelic, 

" lambh." 77, 122. 
Loun; a rogue, worthlefs fellow; q.d., 

low one. 160, 232, 24 1» 
Love-blinks ; love-glances. 
Low; of low ftature. 236. 
Luck's-head ; chance of winning. 178, 

Lujl ; to defire a thing. 226,276. 
Lujlred; made to fhine by art. 117, 

191. — Noun, 260, 295, 298. 

Mail; rent, tax. — " Mail free ;" rent 
free. 29, 50, 284, 3»i. 

Mailing ; fometimes written i i meal- 
ing;" a farm, for which rent is paid. 

29, 50. 
Make ; to mould, turn to ufe. 145. 
Make on ; to make up by putting in 

order. 32. 
Man, a Verb ; " to man the houfe, " act 

as the goodman of the houfe. 142. 
March-boundary ; limit. 82, &c. — 

" March-ftones ; " 278. In his 

Treatife on Prayer, he calls Chrift, 

as God-man, " the common 

Market-fweet (like " eye-fweet") ; 

pleafing to the frequenters of the 



market ; fuitable for fale, and fo fet 

up in open market. 213, 216, 237. 
Marrow ; a match, companion. 26, 

133, 148, &c. — " Marrowlefs " 

occurs, 180. 
Mafik ; to infufe. 287. 
Majierlefs ; owned of no one. 120. 
Mealing. — See Mailing. 50. 
Mean; to confider, reckon. 86. 
Meikle ; much. " Meikle world's 

good." 165, 180, 225. 
Melancholious ; melancholy. 293. 
Mends ; reparation of a wrong. 14. — 

" To the mends ;" to boot, befides, 

add to that. 
Midfes ; means, inftrumentality. 190, 


Mind; remember. 333, 334, 342- 

Mint ; to attempt, intend and aim at 
doing. 29, 92, 188, &c. 

Mired ; plunged into mire, foiled. 174. 

Mijbelief ; wrong belief. 112, 143. 

7Wi/rtf//;givewrongnamesto. 322, &c. 

Mi/count; erroneous calculation. 133. 

Mifconflrutl ; mifconftrue. 285. 

Mi/ken ; to overlook, to treat as if un- 
known. 89, 99, 102, 148, 181, &c. 

Mijleard ; indifcreet, rude ; q. d., mis- 
learned. 112, 181. 

Mi/mannered ; unmannerly. 106. 

Mi/nurtured; ill-difciplined, ill-trained. 
181, 234. 

Mifted. — See Bemijled. 146. 

Moderate, a Verb; to rule over a meet- 
ing. 203. — An ecclefiaftical phrafe 
from the Latin. 

Moyen ; means, intereft, influence. 59, 
116, 119, &c. 

Mia r-g round ; wafte land. 157. 

Naughty ; vile, worthlefs. 77, 81, &c. 

— Bunyan calls Badman, " a man 

left to himfelf, a naughty man." 
Nay-fay; denial. 80, 231.— Inafer- 

mon on Zech. xiii. 7, " Chrift gave 

the devil three nay-fays." 
Near-hand ; near at hand. 79,i9i,&c. 
Need-force ; by fheer neceffity ; or, by 

hookorcrook. 71, 179, 205, &c. 

Newings ; novelties ; q. <-/., new things. 

Nice ; chary, capricious, ill to pleafe. 
81, 226. 

Nick; the mark or point. 70, 249, &c. 

Niffer ; exchange, barter. 140, &c. 

Nigh- hand ; near. 183, 347. 

Night-glafs ; hour-glafs. 281. 

Non-entry; money, or rents, due to 
the fuperior by an heir on coming 
to his property ; or, the ftate of 
one who is heir, but has not yet 
got the legal inveftiture. 222, 256. 

Nor; than. 144, 307. 

Noughty; ufelefs, worthlefs, nothing in 
it. 175, 200, 225. — Sibbs, "Others 
that are nought" (on 2 Cor. i. 4). 

Nurture; difcipline. 70, 98, 206, 299. 

Odds; difference. 294. 

Off -fallings ; droppings, remnants. 
70, 285. 

Oh that I in the fenfe of Alas ! 189. 

Old-dated; antiquated. 320. 

Once; one time or other, fooner or 
later. 112, 152, 170, 255, 330. 

Once-errand ; on the fole bufinefs. 210, 

Or. — See Then. 

Ordinarily; ufually. 144. 

Other; ought elfe. 77. — Others; each 
other. 82. 

Out, a Verb ; to lay out, to exhibit. 

Outcafl; a contention, quarrel. 239, 
274, 275. 

Outfield; wafte land. 256, 261. 

Outgate; way of efcape, outlet. 

Over; in the phrafe "over-little," 
too little. 257. 

O'vermi/l ; rife over like a mill. 189. 

Over-watered ; plated over. 299. 

Oyefs ; the French Oyez ; the crier's 
"Hearken." The Verb, to de- 
nounce one by public proclama- 
tion. 249. 

Paces (from French u pefer," to 
weigh, and old Englifh " to 



paife"); the weights of a clock. ! Protlor-fee ; a fee paid to one who 
189, 197, 199, 292. manages a caufe. 285. 

Packs, oxpaiks : a fevere blow. u Paiks j Profeffor ; in the fenfe of confeffing or 

the more," the more foundly beaten. 

Packald; burdens, things packed up. 

Paiks. — See Packs. 
Painful ; taking pains, laborious. 188. 

(See Baxter, Sac.) 
Paintry ; painting. 83. 
Panged ; qu ite full. ' ' Pang-full." 225.! 
Pantry, a Verb; to lock up in the! 

cupboard, no. 
Pafcb; Paflbver, or Eafter. 51. (Ads \ 

xii. 4 ; ttoktxx.) 
Pajfments ; ftrips of lace iewed on drefs 

by way of ornament. 42, 75, • 


Pawn ; pledge. " Pawn-clay ;" a 
thing of duft, and that is only 
partly ours. 130, 139. 

Pertinacy ; fame as pertinacity. 

Perqiieer ; the French par cceur ; by 
heart, perfectly. 204. 

Pickle; grain. 186, 197. 

Pinning ; a fmall ftone to fill up a cre- 
vice. 211, 239. 

PI ay maker ; director of the play. 70. 

Plea ; a quarrel between parties. 240, 

profeffing the faith. 
292, 304. 

105, 284, 

Propine, Noun and Verb; hold out a 
gift, to prefent. 37, 88, 130, 

Put ; to "put" as a ram, pufh, help. 
— " Put by ;" to put away from, 
caufe to pafs by. in . — " Put off; ' ' 
spend time. 162. Alfo, put afide 
as finifhed. 190. — " Put to ;" ap- 
ply, put forth. 2 75 . — ' ' Put upon /" 
urge, to fet on one in the way of 
importunity. — To caufe difficulty. 


Put up;" pufh up, 29. 

Quarrelous ; fault-finding, provoking to 
quarrels. 184, 189, 239. — He 
writes it " querulous" in his " Chrift 
Dying," p. 179: "Querulous 
love-motions againft the reality 
of Chrift 's love." 

Quit; renounce. 268. 

Ragged ; torn and incomplete. 151. 
Reckon; con fider of importance. 230, 

Red, Adj., in the phrafe, u red hunger," 
intenfive. 213. — See note. 
Plenijhing; furniture, pofeffions. 4, Redd up; to clear up, fettle. 34,38, 
133, 258. The Verb, fill, 247,1 48, 136, &c. 
250, 326. \Refrefhful ; full of refrefhment. 233- 

Ply ; a fold or turn. Verb ; to ply, Regiflrate ; to regifter. 249. — See note. 

applied to a fhip. 95, 105, 152. Repair; make amends. 312. 
Poind; to diftrain, make feizure of Rejpeclii'e ; to each individual. 136. 

goods. 1 60. 
Point; to fill up crevices in a wall 

with lime and little ft ones. 299. 
Port; gate. 241, 336, 339-—" He | 

went out at the ports, bearing His 

crofs." Sermon on Heb. xii. 
Pofe : a hoard, ftore. 206. — In a fer- 

mon by Rutherford, we find the Refponfal ; folvent, able to pay. 231. 

i(, mifers hoard" called "the Reverence; q. d., rendering homage, 

wretch's pofe.' ' power. 3 o (fee note) ,43,232,298. 

Prig; to higgle about a thing. 20,: Rid (fee Redd) ; Participle, put away. 

81. 133- 

— Is this Sibbs' meaning, "Every 
faint has fomething lovely and re- 
fpective in him" (on 2 Cor. i. 1) ? 
But, alfo, Sibbs ufes it for rejpeclful: 
1 i Dependency is always very re- 
fpective." (See Difrefpetli've.) Lets. 
321, 360. 



Ridable ; can be croffed on horfeback. 

Rifle; fame as ruffle. 158. 
Rift; a rent, crack. 241, 284. — 

Verb, to come back with violent 

retching. 72. — Rifty; broken. 120. 
Right , Verb; to put right. 196. 
Rink ; the ring, or race-courfe. 122, 

276, 286. 
Ripe ; to fearch carefully. Connected 

with " rip up," 203. 
Rive; rend, tear. 16, 50, 72, &c. 
Roof tree; the beam that runs acrofs the 

roof, and fupports the rafters. 270. 
Round; whifper, or sing in the ear. 

(German, rauneru) 293. 
Roup ; fet up to fale by auction. 37, 

131, 199, &c. 
Roving; wandering through excite- 
ment of mind, raving. 161. 
Rovers ; "at rovers, " at random. 182. 
Rue; to repent, be forry. 115. — 

" Rue upon;" take pity. 69, 186, 

Rujh ; to pufh forward with violence. 

270. — See note. 

Sad; ferious. 75, 99, 163, 191, 203. 
—It is from old Englifh "fet," 
fettled down. Wickliffe's Bible, 
Rom. xv. 1, " We that are fadder 
men" (ftronger). 

Salt: bitter, unpleafant. 115. — In his 
" Chrift Dying," p. 690, he fays, 
i ' A violent death hath afalterblte." 

Sanded; fand caft upon. 217. — See 
note y 284. 

Scad ; the red tinge of a burn. ' ' Scad- 
ded and burnt in the furnace " 
(Rutherford's Cov. of Life, p. 69). 
The tinge given by reflected light. 
291. It is connected with "fcald." 

Scaur; to boggle, ftartle, take fright. 
119, 183, &c. 

School heads ; worldly wife. 337. 

Second , Noun and Verb; one who helps. 
— Often ufed by Lord Kenmure in 
" Laft Speeches." 2, 91, 247. 

Set; it becomes, 260, difpofed, 120. 

— " Set to;" engage, fet about. 

no, 145. 


Shake ; to pufli afide, pufh out. 

Shell of a balance ; the fcale. 268. 

Shute f fometimes writtenfhoot ; to pufli 
in. 20,158,163. — " Satan fhutes 
in his teeth," occurs in Ruther- 
ford's u Chrift Dying." 

Short; in temper hafty. 153. — 
"Shortly;" forthwith. 249. 

Sib; nearly related to. 106, 212, 
245, &c 

Sichty or fight y a Verb ; to examine 
narrowly, q. d.y by clofe fight. 12. 
It occurs in Row's Hiftory often. 

Sicker; ftrong. 107. 

Silly; poor, frail, meagre. 27, 184. 

Silvery or filler ; money. 254. 

Sing ; in the phrafe, ' i Sing dumb, " 
be reduced to filence. 128. 

Sink ; a common fewer. 272. 

Sit ivith ; to endure in patient filence. 
52, 63. 

Skaill ; difperfe, fcatter. 160, 190, 
241, &c. 

Skaith ; harm. 285. 

Skaur. — See Scaur. 

Skink ; formally renounce. 85,88. — 
In A. S., the Verb is "to give 
drink ; " in German, "■ schenken," 
to give. It is q. d. take leave by 
giving a prefent, or by drinking a 

Slot; a bolt, bar. 29, 47, 48. 

Sned; to prune, lop off, make tidy. 

Soldiers -flately ; in Let. 63. It might 
have been noticed that old editions 
make this one word, equivalent to 
" a fpirit becoming a foldier ;" like 
Milton's " timely-happy fpirits." 
Others point thus, " Your foldier's, 
(your) Irately fpirit." 

Solacious ; full of cheer, or comfort. 1 05 . 

Sometimes y properly Ci fome-time ;" on 
former days, once on a time. 28, 
&c. — In our Verfion of the Bible, 
Eph. ii. 3 ; 1 Pet. iii. 20. 

Soon-faddled ; hafty in temper. 189. 
— See note. 

44 6 


Soul-couper ; a jobber in fouls. 330. 
— See Coup. 

Souple : fame asfupp/e. 

Spaits. — See Speat. 

Spark ; to fquirt out. 163. 

Sparkle; to fpark out, fcatter fparks. 
263. — Chaucer fpeaks of the fhep- 
herd feeking his "Jparkelandjheep," 
/>., fcattered. 

Speat; a flood, overflowing ftream. 
37, 248, 285. (Gaelic.) 

Speir, or /peer; alk queftions at. — 
" Speer out," fearch out by ques- 
tions. 180. 

Spelk ; to trufs, fupport by fplinters. 
107, 128. (Saxon word.) 

Spill; fpoil, mar or injure. 22, 31c, 
&c. — So Ps. lxiii. 9, in Rous' ver- 

Spring; a tune, fprightly air. 181, 
182, 214. 

Spunk; a fpark. 215. 

Stalks. In Let. 17, "to keep the 
ftalks," is the reading of fome old 
editions; but in another Let., 194, 
" keep the ftakes." If the former, 
the fenfe is, "keep only the withered 
ftalks in the end ; " if the latter, 
' * get what they depofited." 

Standing-drink. 177. — See note. 

Startle ; run up and down in excite- 
ment, act extravagantly. 69 (fee 
n °t?), 75, 182, 258. 

Starts. " At ftarts;" by fits, occafion- 
ally. 7, 293. — " Start to the 
gate;" fee Gate. 

State ; the mode of putting or ftating a 
queftion. Z33, 359. 

Sted : a place, a foundation for a houfe. 
18. So ufed by Gawin Douglas. 
— " Stedable," q. d., able to fur- 
nifh a foundation, available, fer- 
viceable. 170, 252. 

Stent ; to fix at a certain rate, and no 
more. 249. 

Still; always, ever. 133, 108, 285. — 
In our metre verlion of the Pfalms, 
it occurs, e.g., Ps. ciii. 9, " Keep 
His anger ftill." 

Stob; a ftake lharpened at the end. 240. 
Stop-hole: anything to fill up a hole. 239. 
Stot : a rebound. 249. — "To keep 

Jlots ;" keep pace with, to rebound 

regularly. 236. 
Stoup : a ftake, poft, prop. 84, 196. 
Sundry : feparate. 247. — " Sunder," 

the Verb. 264. 
Sure ; furely. 359, &c. 
Sufpenfwn ; an acl: in law, fufpending 

final execution of a fentence. 230. 
Suit; urge a fuit, woo, folicit. 26, 

19, 355, &C. 
Scatter ; to move, or tofs about, as a 

duck in the water. 1 78. — R. Blair 

(fee Life, by Row) ufes it in a 

poem, — 
" Out of the drean- vale of tears 
My foul hath /mattered out." 

Rollock '(38th Left.): "Hefwat- 

ters and fwims." 
Szveer : lazy. 178, 230, 285. 

Tack ; ftitch, hold, tie. 275. Alfo, 

pofieffion by leafe. 284. 
Take up houfe ; enter on houfekeeping. 

Taking; that is, attractive. 305. 
Tailzie ; a Scotch law term for entail. 

I Tarrozv ; to be pettifh at, reluftant. 

23, 118. 
\Tell ; count over. 167, 241. 
Tefiifcate ; certificate. 149. 
1 That ; often for " fo;" e.g., that much. 

Then : in that cafe. 39, 220, 238, 241. 

— "Or then ;" if that be not fo, 

otherwife. 45, 46, 323. 
! Thereazvaj ; in that quarter. 133. 
[Therefor; on account of this. 34. — 

See note. 
1 Thick ; a crowd or throng. 209, 225. 

— Adjective ; very familiar with 

one. 94, 128. 
, Thieves' -hole : a prifon. 178. 
Think long. 16, 207, 133, 151, >Xc. 

See Long.— It is ftill common to 

write, " I think long after you." 



Threap ; to afTert vehemently, over and 
over. 85. 

Thring ; to pufh in by force. 147, 
226, 282. 

Thronging: crowding in. 180, 206. 

Through other; one thing blended with 
the other, promifcuoufly. 

Tig ; dally. 48 — Alfo, a civil fort of 
begging, when a new-married per- 
fon brought his cart to the houfe 
of friends, that they might put in 
fomething to his ftore. 

Timeous ; early, feafonable, opportune. 
180, 212, 275. — So Knox ufes it; 
and metre verlion of Pfalms, cxix. 

Tine; to lofe. 226, &c. 

To ; ufed for ' i in comparifon of, " in 
the phrafe, ' i little to." 361. 

Tocher : a marriage dowry. ' l Tocher- 
good." 265, 285. 

Toom ; quite empty. 138, 178, 188, 

Tops; to be u on one's tops," to aflault 
or oppofe. 231. 

Totch ; a pufh. 183. 

Touches ; to " keep touches," 121, an 
Englifh phrafe for the exact per- 
formance of an engagement. 

Tow ; rope made of tow. 196. 

Train ; to draw, entice. 30. — It is 
French, trainer. 

Trance ; paflage. Latin, tranfitus. 26. 

Tree ; for the wood of a tree. 225. 

Trindle ; fame as trundle. 107. 

Tryji ; to appoint a meeting at a cer- 
tain place and time. Noun and 
Verb. 176, &c. 

Tutor; to difcipline. 282. 

Turnpike ; ftair that winds. 300. 

Twin; to feparate. 82. — It is q.d. to 
make into two. 

Unco; ftrange. Same originally as 

uncouth. See Let. 26, note. — 

Noun: Unconefs ; 179. 
Uhdercote, or undercoat; feller under 

the J kin {coat is " cutis,'' lkin). 

66, 82, 15T, 284. 

Undsr- water ; bilge-water. 82, 86, 
203, 284. 

Unfriend ; lefs than friendly. 178. 

Unheartfome ; fad. 277. 

Unlaw; tranfgrefs the law; alfo, to fine 
for tranfgrefling the law. 201. 

Unrid, or unred. 133. — It is q. d. un- 
red-up ; the boundaries not fixed. — 
In A. S., unrid is " diforderly." 

Upfun ; the fun above the horizon. 

Uptaking ; as a Noun, apprehenfion, 
275 ; as an Adjective, exhilarat- 
ing, or exalting, 210. 

Faccane, or vacanfe ; vacation, holi- 
days. 84. 

Vilely ; in a lively manner. 4. 

Voyage ; journey. 226. — The French 
" voyage," from 'via. 

Wad-fee ; the fum paid in hiring, as a 
pledge of the perfon being engaged. 
— Wad, is a pledge. See Wed. 

Wadfet; to pledge in mortgage, alienate 
byreverfion. 79, 191, 201, 206, &c. 

Wager; fomething hazarded, 220; a 
pledge, 170. 

Waird, or wared. — See Ware. 

Wale ; to choofe ; Noun and Verb, felecl 
out of other articles. 39, 192, &c. 

Walkings; movings. 199. — Poffibly the 
waggings (fee Let. 292) of the pen- 
dulum. It is connected with mo- 
tions y 342. 

Wandhand ; the hand that holds the 
rod, or whip. 186. 

Ware ; to expend, ufe. 36, 104, 201, 
228, &c. 

Warmly; heartily. 227. 

Wafler y Adj.; prodigal, wafteful. 226. 

Watch-glafs ; hour-glafs. 276. 

Watered; plated over. 206 (fee note 
there), 280. 

Wed; a pledge or fee. Written alio 
wad. — Our iC wedding" is a deri- 
vative, fignifying the feciirity or 
pledge given by the parties. 

Weighty or wecht ; to put on a weight 
or burden. 1 15, 159. 


Well ; a Noun for <weal, welfare. 72, 
202. — " Well is me;" it is good for 
me. 120, 222, 250, &c. — " Well- 
come ;" come in an honeft way. 182. 

Werjh ; faltlefs, infipid. 182. 

Whill; till. 24, 44, &c. 

Whiles ; at times. 182. 

White ; the white is the mark aimed at. 

Whitfunday ; term-day. 21. 

ii Whobuthef 'anon-fuch. 23 (teenote). 

Why but ? why objecl: although ? 295. 

Win ; reach, attain to. 21, 30. — 
i ' Win away ;" to efcape from. 6. 

Windlejlraiv ; a withered ftalk of grafs ; 
metaphorically, a mere trifle. 63, 
190, 192, 212. — In the Life of 
Pringle of Greenknow, a place is 
mentioned called i i The Windle- 
ftraw Law." 

Wit ; to know. Noun; wifdom, intel- 
ligence. 184, 282. — "Wit's-head;" 
awifeacre. 232, 235, 239, 249, 258. 

Wo, an Adjeclive; forrowful. 116, 
178, 196. — Generally written 
" wae" by Scotch writers. 

Wombful ; bellyful. 225. 

Wrack ; ruin, wreck. 284. 

Wring; fqueeze out water; as Judges 
vi'- 30. 300. 

Writ; a writing in law. 59, 285, 359. 

Yoke ; yoke for work, fet to, engage 

or bound. 94,119,181. — Noun, 
yoking; a fetting to, conteft. 117. 

" He yoked to the Jews early" 

(fermon on Heb. xii. 1). 
Yonder ; far off in the diftance. 245. — 

u The yonder end." 


Row, in his " Hiftory of the Kirk of Scotland" (p. 396), wrote, in 1650, 
regarding thefe Letters, — " Sundry have whole books full of them, whilk, if 
they were printed, I am confident, through the Lord's rich mercy and blefs- 
ing, would not fail to do much good." This was written fourteen years 
before any attempt had been made at collecting them for publication. 

1. The Firjl Edition appeared in 1664, in duodecimo. The place of pub- 
lication is not given on the title-page, thefe being days of perfecution ; but it 
is known to have been Rotterdam, in Holland, under the fuperintending care 
of Mr Robert M'Ward, who was once Rutherford's amanuenfis. It is 
divided into two Parts, the one containing 215 Letters, the other 71. It has 
a long recommendatory Preface, containing matter that is of no great intereft 
to us now ; but it preferves one weighty faying of this man of God on his 
death-bed. u When he was on the threfhold of glory, ready to receive the 
immortal crown, he faid, i Now my tabernacle is weak, and I would think it 
a more glorious way of going home to lay down my life for the caufe, at the 
Crofs of Edinburgh or St Andrew's; but I fubmit to my Mailer's will.'" 
Here is the original title-page: — 




Mr Rutherford's Letters, 

Divided in two Parts. 

The Firft, 

Containing thofe which were written from Aberdeen, 

where he was confined by a fentence of the High 

Commiffion ; drawn forth againft him, partly 

upon the account of his declining them, partly 

upon the account of his Non-Conformity. 

The Second, 

Containing fome which were written from Anwoth 

before he was by the Prelates' Perfecution thruft from 

his miniftry ; & others upon diverfe occafions 

afterward, from St Andrews, London, &c. 

Now publifhed for the ufe of all the people of God, 

but more particularly for thofe who now are or afterward 

may be put to Suffering, for Chrift and His caufe. 

By a WelliviJJjer to the Work & People of God. 

John xvi. 2. "They lhall put you out of the fynagogues; yea, the time cometh, that whofoever killeth you will think 
that he doeth God fervice. V. 3. And thefe things will they do, becaufe they have not known the Father, nor me." 

2 Thefs. i. 6. "Seeing it is a righteous thing with God, to recompenfe tribulation to them that trouble you; V. 7. And 
to you who are troubled rett with us: when the Lord Jefus (hall be revealed from heaven, with His mighty angels," &c. 

Printed in the Year do be LXIIII. 



By fome miftake in reading the numeral letters, bookfellers' catalogues hav e 
lpoken of editions in 1662 and 1663 ; but there were none fuch. Such a 
miftake might eafily occur in writing the numerals. In a Manufcript of the 
Letters (kindly forwarded to the Editor by Rev. A. B. Grofart, Kinrofs), the 
date of the Firft Edition is written thus: do Ico LIIII. Here there is, be- 
yond doubt, a miftake; the X is omitted from LXIIII.; for the MS. is merely 
a copy of the Firjl Edition. It copies out the title-page in full, and then ap- 
pends this note : " Intended to be ivryten from the printed book, by the ivryter, 
for particular ufe, and for fe-veral reafons unnecejfary to be infer ted." Some of 
the " Teftimonies of the Martyrs" are appended, as they appeared in the 
" Cloud of WitnefTes " afterwards. There are now and then marginal notes, 
all of which are limply hints as to what the Letter contains, thus: " Caufe 
of Rutherford's confinement ; " "Comfort for the fervants of God and for 
minifters." The exiftence, however, of fuch a MS., copied with fuch pains 
from a printed volume, tells the high efteem in which the Letters were held. 
We may note one fmall matter. In this MS. the name " Bethaia" (fo 
written in all the printed editions) is given, " Bethia ;" mowing that the name 
was fo written at that time alfo, as it is always now. 

2. The Second Edition. — It appeared in 1671, an exaft reprint of the firft, 
with the fame title-page, etc. But it is very inaccurate; e.g., there are ten 
obvious mifipellings of common words in the two firft pages, not to fpeak of 
bad punctuation, which is a fault common to all the early editions. 

3. The Third Edition, in 1675, retains the original title-page, except that 
it has, "In Three Parts," and "The Second and Third." This laft Part 
contains fixty-eight additional Letters. This edition is the one which fub- 
lequent editors follow. It omits the original " Preface to the Chriftian 
Reader," and has only four introductory pages, two of which are the adver- 
tifement about the laft MS. of Rutherford on Ifaiah. It has a long " Poft- 
fcript," in which we cannot fay there is much that is important. 

4. The Edition of 1692. 

5. The Edition of 1709. Edinburgh. 

6. The Edition of 1 724. Edinburgh. 1 2mo. ' ' Printed by T. Lumfden 
and J. Ritchie, and fold at their printing-houfe in the Fifh Market, and by John 
Paton and James Thomfon, bookfellers, in the Parliament Clofs; and fold 
at Glafgow by John Robertfon, James and John Browns, and Mrs Brown, 
bookfellers. 1724." It is marked "The Fifth Edition." If this means 
the " fifth " of thofe editions that contain the " Three Parts," then our lift is 
not complete. But it feems as if the editor had overlooked one of the earlier 
editions ; and if fo, this is the Jixth. 

7. The Edition of 1738. Edinburgh. Marked " Sixth Edition." 

8. The Edition of 1 761. Edinburgh. In two vols. 

9. The Edition of 1765. Glafgow. A good edition. It has the author's 


Teftimony and Dying Words, as well as the original Preface of the earlieft 
edition. It is marked u Ninth Edition." 

10. The Edition of 1783. Glafgow. Marked " Tenth Edition." 8vo. 
Printed by John Bryce. 

(The Eleventh Edition we have not feen.) 

11. The Edition of 1802. Aberdeen. Marked " Twelfth Edition." 

12. The Edition of 1809. Edinburgh. Marked "Thirteenth Edition." 

13. Another in 181 8. 

14. Another in 1821. With a brief notice of the author. 

15. The London Religious Trad: Society's Edition, firft publifhed in 1824. 
It is properly only afeleftion of fixty Letters, with extracts from many others. 
It has " Contents" prefixed to each Letter. 

16. Another, 1824. Glafgow. With brief notice of the author. 

1 7. The Edition of 1825. °ne of "Collins' Select Chriftian Authors." It 
has a Preface by Thomas Erfkine, Efq., and gives about one half of the Letters. 
It has not retained all the peculiar phrafeology of the original ; but it ap- 
pends his " Laft Words," and his " Teftimony to the Covenanted Work of 
Reformation." Kenmure is throughout mifipelt " Kenmuir," in this edition. 

18. The Edition of 1830. Glafgow. 

19. Another in 1834. 

20. The Edition of 1836. London: Baifler. Edited by Rev. Charles 
Thomfon. In two vols. It has valuable explanatory notes, and the Letters 
are, for the moft part, arranged chronologically, — a great improvement on 
the "Three Parts" of fo many former editions. 

21. The Edition of 1839. 

22. The Edition of 1846. Aberdeen: King. This edition is in double 

23. The Edition of 1848. Edinburgh: Whyte and Kennedy. With 
hiftorical and biographical notices, by Rev. James Anderfon. The Letters, 
fo far, chronologically arranged, and ten additional Letters given. Contents, 
alfo, and indices ; and a Sketch of Rutherford's Life. 

24. The Edition of 1857. London : Collingridge. Edited by Rev. D. A. 
Doubdney. It has the long Original Preface of 1664, and the Poftfcript of 
1675 ; a lf°> a fynopfis of each Letter. But it is not accurate, efpecially as to 
proper names. 

25. This prefent Edition of 1862. In it, Lets. 283, 290, 307, 325, 327, 
3rf, 337, 340, 343, 355, 35<>, 3&5, ar e not found in any edition but that of 
1848 ; and 283 and 307 only in this. There are 365 in all ; one for each day 
of the year, if any one choofes. 

26. Extracts. — There have been abridgments in the form of " Extracts," 
from time to time. We might give as famples, Jo. Wefley's Extracts (an 
edition in 1825); John Brown of Haddington's " Pleafant and Practical 


Hints," felected from the Letters; and recently, " Laft Words of S. R., in 
verfe, by A. R. C, with fome of his fweet fayings." A variety of fuch have 

27. Foreign Edition j. — 1. There is an American Edition; a reprint, by 
Carter, New York, of the Edition of 1848. — 2. A Dutch tranflation ap- 
peared at Flufhing in 1674. The tranflation made by Mr Koelman, minifter 
of Sluys, with a brief Life. Of this there have been frequent reprints ; that 
of 1754 is in three vols, oclavo. — 3. There is alfo a German tranflation (see 
" Million of Inquiry to the Jews, 1839," c h* v 5 but we are not able to give 
any account of it. 

While remarking upon editions, we may refer back to the Lift of Ruther- 
ford's Works, which was given at the clofe of the Sketch of his Life. Let us 
mention, that the proper title of the " Treatife on Prayer" is as follows: — 
"The Power and Prevalency of Faith and Prayer, evidenced in a Practical 
Difcourfe upon Matt. ix. 27, 31. Printed in the year 17 13." It is a fmall 
duodecimo, of pp. in, and has this note appended: " The reft of this Dis- 
courfe cannot be found, it being above fifty years fince the author died." 

In the " Scottifh Nation" (Fullarton and Co., 1862), mention is made of 
one other work that appears in our lift, viz., " On Civil Polity, London, 
quarto, 1657." Now, this is not another work; but what is meant is, one of 
the editions of his well-known i( Lex Rex." It is the Edition of 1657, which 
has the following title-page: — " Lex Rex ; a Treatife of Civil Polity, being 
a Refolution of Forty-three Queftions concerning Prerogative, Right, and 
Privilege, in reference to the Supreme Prince and People." 

Murray 8f Gibb, Printers, Edinburgh.